29,275 results match your criteria Sexual Assault


Institutional Betrayal: A Mixed Methods Study of College Women's Experiences With On-Campus Help-Seeking Following Rape.

J Trauma Dissociation 2022 May 20:1-18. Epub 2022 May 20.

Lyda Hill Institute for Human Resilience, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA.

In a given year, between 3 and 10% of women attending college will experience a completed rape. Unfortunately, when college survivors seek help following rape, representatives from their university may respond inadequately or harmfully, such as by blaming them, failing to provide adequate support and accommodations, or by minimizing the assault. The failures of an institution to protect its members from harm has been termed institutional betrayal (IB). Read More

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Modelling sexual violence in male rats: the sexual aggression test (SxAT).

Transl Psychiatry 2022 May 18;12(1):207. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Behavioural and Molecular Neurobiology, University of Regensburg, 93040, Regensburg, Germany.

Sexual assault and rape are crimes that impact victims worldwide. Although the psychosocial and eco-evolutionary factors associated with this antisocial behavior have repeatedly been studied, the underlying neurobiological mechanisms are still largely unknown. Here, we established a novel paradigm to provoke and subsequently assess sexual aggression (SxA) in adult male Wistar rats: the sexual aggression test (SxAT). Read More

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Youth voices from an informal settlement of Nairobi, Kenya: Engaging adolescent perspectives on violence to inform prevention.

Glob Public Health 2022 May 17:1-14. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

We examined the experiences of violence and self-reported behavioural and community changes as a result of participation in a sexual assault prevention intervention in an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. We conducted longitudinal qualitative in-depth interviews with 20 adolescent girls and 11 adolescent boys at baseline, 12, and 24 months. Analysis was thematic with two investigators coding and reaching consensus about the themes. Read More

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Lifetime sexual violence exposure in women compromises systemic innate immune mediators associated with HIV pathogenesis: A cross-sectional analysis.

Womens Health (Lond) 2022 Jan-Dec;18:17455057221099486

Department of Epidemiology, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Objectives: Violence and HIV/AIDS syndemic highly prevalent among women impairs HIV prevention efforts. Prolonged exposure to violence results in physical trauma and psychological distress. Building on previous findings regarding genital immune dysregulation following sexual abuse exposure, we investigate here whether systemic changes occur as well. Read More

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Qeirat Values and Victim Blaming in Iran: The Mediating Effect of Culture-Specific Gender Roles.

J Interpers Violence 2022 May 16:8862605221101184. Epub 2022 May 16.

Family Research Institute, 48512Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

Sexual assaults are a social problem in Iran; however, psychological factors that predict perceptions of sexual assault remain largely unexamined. Here, we examine the relationship between moral concerns, culture-specific gender roles, and victim blaming in sexual assault scenarios in Iranian culture. Relying on Moral Foundations Theory and recent theoretical developments in moral psychology in the Iranian context, we examined the correlations between five moral foundations (Care, Fairness, Loyalty, Authority, and Purity), a culture-specific set of values called (which includes guarding and [over]protectiveness of female kin, romantic partners, broader family, and country), and victim blaming. Read More

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Prevalence and Correlates of Violence Experienced by Trans Women.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2022 May;31(5):648-655

Trans Research Unit for Equity, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, USA.

To measure the prevalence and correlates of intimate partner, physical, and sexual violence experienced by trans women. A National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) Study of 201 trans women was conducted in San Francisco from July 2019 to February 2020 using respondent-driven sampling. Prevalence ratio tests were used to test differences in the prevalence of violence by demographic characteristics including housing status. Read More

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"I Felt Powerful and Confident": Women's Use of What They Learned in Feminist Sexual Assault Resistance Education.

Psychol Women Q 2022 Jun 8;46(2):147-161. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada.

Research on women's response and resistance to sexual assault risk has informed the development of interventions to improve women's ability to effectively resist sexual assault. However, little is known about how women anticipate, navigate, and respond to risk following participation in sexual assault risk reduction/resistance education programs. In this study, we examined the information and skills used by university women who had recently completed the effective Enhanced Assess, Acknowledge, Act (EAAA) sexual assault resistance program. Read More

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Sexual Assault and Behavioral Health: What Can We Learn From a Probability Sample of Young Sexual Minority Men?

J Interpers Violence 2022 May 15:8862605221101198. Epub 2022 May 15.

School of Social Work, 1355University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

Background: Previous research indicates that young sexual minority men (YSMM) are at increased risk of experiencing sexual assault compared to their heterosexual peers. While this increased risk is documented in comparison studies, very little is known about the specific range of sexual assault experiences. The aim of this study was to investigate prevalence of sexual assault experiences and their association with depression and alcohol use for YSMM. Read More

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Clergy-perpetrated sexual abuse of minors - case study.

Psychiatr Pol 2022 Feb 27;56(1):137-152. Epub 2022 Feb 27.

Akademia Pedagogiki Specjalnej im. Marii Grzegorzewskiej, Instytut Psychologii, Zakład Psychologii Klinicznej Człowieka Dorosłego.

Objectives: The main objective of the study was not only to show the scale of child sexual abuse by clergy itself, but rather presentation of the manner in which perpetrators act and what their motivations are.

Methods: It involved aqualitative and quantitative analysis of documentation gathered by the Foundation dedicated to supporting victims of sexual abuse by clergy. For the purpose of the study the authors prepared a survey which included information pertaining to the circumstances of the abuse, the abuser, the aggrieved person, as well as legal and non-legal consequences (sanctions). Read More

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February 2022

Measuring impact of storyline engagement on health knowledge, attitudes, and norms: A digital evaluation of an online health-focused serial drama in West Africa.

J Glob Health 2022 May 14;12:04039. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Community Health Sciences, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Background: "Cest la Vie!" (CLV) is a serial drama that entertains, educates, and promotes positive health behaviors and social change for West African audiences. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if watching the CLV Season 2 series online had an impact on people's health knowledge, attitudes, and norms, focusing on populations in francophone West Africa.

Methods: Between July 2019 and October 2019, viewers of CLV and non-viewers were recruited from Facebook and YouTube. Read More

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A Meta-Analytic Framework for Developing Protocols to Attend Child and Adolescent Victims of Sexual Violence.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Apr 26;19(9). Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Nursing, Federal University of São Carlos, Sao Carlos 13565-905, SP, Brazil.

Violence against children and adolescents is a global public health problem. In Brazil, there are challenging boundaries for professionals in the protection network in general and for health professionals in particular. Moreover, among other factors, there is the challenge of referral, due to weaknesses in decision making, given the nature of sexual violence and how it is managed by healthcare services. Read More

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Evidence That Nine Autistic Women Out of Ten Have Been Victims of Sexual Violence.

Front Behav Neurosci 2022 26;16:852203. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

GHU Paris Psychiatrie & Neurosciences, Hôpital Sainte Anne, Paris, France.

Background: Research indicates that sexual violence affects about 30% of women in the general population and between two to three times as much for autistic women.

Materials And Methods: We investigated prevalence of sexual abuse, autistic traits and a range of symptoms, using an online survey addressed to the women of the French autistic community ( = 225). We assessed victimization through an open question and through a specific questionnaire, derived from the Sexual Experiences Survey-Short Form Victimization. Read More

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[Positioning of nurses in Criavs and the role of specialized literature].

Soins 2022 Mar 3;67(863):19-23. Epub 2022 Feb 3.

Erios - Centre ressources pour les intervenants auprès des auteurs de violences sexuelles Aquitaine, service du pôle PGU du Dr Deloge, centre hospitalier Charles-Perrens, 121 rue de la Béchade, CS 81285, 33076 Bordeaux cedex, France.

The circular of August 8, 2008, which founded the resource centers for those working with perpetrators of sexual violence (Criavs), integrates a multidisciplinary vision including nurses. In an entity that does not function like a traditional medical unit, this role necessarily questions its positioning. In order to build up their skills, Criavs nurses will have to call upon all the information available to them, of which the specialized literature is an integral part. Read More

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Pedohebephilia and Perceived Non-coercive Childhood Sexual Experiences: Two Non-matched Case-Control Studies.

Sex Abuse 2022 May 12:10790632221098341. Epub 2022 May 12.

Institute for Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 9169Technische Universitä Dresden, Germany.

Research on the link between childhood sexual abuse experiences (CSAE) and pedohebephilia is limited by its focus on events that the respondents rate as abusive. We asked 199 German-speaking (Study 1) and 632 English-speaking (Study 2) men with and without self-reported pedohebephilia to complete the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and scales to assess perceived non-coercive childhood sexual experiences with adults (PNCSE-A), and peers (PNCSE-P, only Study 2). A substantial number of participants with PNCSE-A disagreed with all items of the CTQ Sexual Abuse subscale (e. Read More

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Risk Markers for Male Perpetration of Sexual Assault on College Campuses: A Meta-Analysis.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2022 May 12:15248380221097437. Epub 2022 May 12.

Couple and Family Therapy, 5308Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA.

Sexual assault (SA) on college campuses remains a prominent public health issue. This meta-analysis focuses on identifying all potential risk markers for college male SA perpetration. Using standard search procedures, a total of 25 studies yielding 89 unique effect sizes were included in the study. Read More

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Revictimisation of Women in Non-Urban Areas: A Scoping Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2022 May 13:15248380221094317. Epub 2022 May 13.

5392Victoria University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Literature widely acknowledges that women who experience Child Sex Abuse (CSA) have a higher risk of experiencing sexual revictimisation later in life, yet less is known about experiences of revictimisation in non-urban areas. The aim of this review is to examine what is known internationally regarding revictimisation of non-urban women, and to provide future research, practice and policy recommendations. A total of 2414 articles were identified through a comprehensive search across five broad health sciences and humanities databases; 11 articles met inclusion criteria and were included in this review. Read More

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Factors Influencing Recovery and Well-Being Among Asian Survivors of International Criminal Sex Trafficking in an Urban U.S. City.

J Interpers Violence 2022 May 12:8862605221101187. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Population Health, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, NY, USA.

Sex trafficking is serious form of gender-based violence that results in profound adverse health outcomes, yet one that is poorly understood. New York City is a major hub for sex trafficking, with a significant but unquantified number of victims originating from East Asian countries and trafficked via illicit massage businesses. Peer-reviewed studies among Asian survivors of international criminal sex trafficking do not exist. Read More

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Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: a focus on partner characteristics.

Cien Saude Colet 2022 May 17;27(5):1873-1882. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Instituto Nacional de Saúde da Mulher, da Criança e do Adolescente Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro RJ Brasil.

This study analyzes the association between violence against women during pregnancy and intimate partner socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. We conducted an analytical cross-sectional study with 327 postpartum women admitted to a maternity hospital in a city in Espírito Santo, Brazil using a questionnaire to collect data on intimate partner socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. Intimate partner violence was assessed using questions based on the World Health Organisation instrument "Violence against Women (WHO VAW STUDY)". Read More

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The impact of 'grounds' on abortion-related outcomes: a synthesis of legal and health evidence.

BMC Public Health 2022 05 10;22(1):936. Epub 2022 May 10.

Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Research, UNDP-UNFPA-UNICEF-WHO-World Bank Special Programme of Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Where abortion is legal, it is often regulated through a grounds-based approach. A grounds-based approach to abortion provision occurs when law and policy provide that lawful abortion may be provided only where a person who wishes to have an abortion satisfies stipulated 'grounds', sometimes described as 'exceptions' or 'exceptional grounds'. Grounds-based approaches to abortion are, prima facie, restrictive as they limit access to abortion based on factors extraneous to the preferences of the pregnant person. Read More

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Transitioning to Telehealth for COVID-19 and Beyond: Perspectives of Community Mental Health Clinicians.

J Behav Health Serv Res 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Washington, 119A Guthrie Hall, Box 351525, Seattle, WA, 98105, USA.

In response to COVID-19, mental health clinics transitioned to telehealth to maintain psychotherapy delivery. Community mental health (CMH) settings, which are often under-resourced, likely experienced many barriers. This study examined CMH clinicians' experiences transitioning to telehealth. Read More

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How should I deal with online abuse?

Authors:
Adele Waters

BMJ 2022 05 10;377:o1110. Epub 2022 May 10.

The BMJ.

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Sexual violence as a weapon of war in Ukraine.

Authors:
Jelke Boesten

BMJ 2022 05 10;377:o1172. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of International Development, King's College London.

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Power-Related Emotions, Alcohol Intoxication, and Nonconsensual Sex Intentions: The Role of Fear of Intimacy.

Sex Abuse 2022 May 10:10790632221096420. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Psychology,7284University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

The problem of alcohol-involved sexual assault against women highlights the need to identify how the presence of alcohol interacts with risk factors associated with sexual assault perpetration. One risk factor for sexual assault perpetration is fear of intimacy, the inhibited capacity to exchange vulnerable thoughts and emotions with a valued individual. Men who have perpetrated sexual violence report higher fear of intimacy and alcohol use than those who have not. Read More

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Reliability and validity of a quality tool for assessing clinical forensic medicine legal reports.

J Forensic Leg Med 2022 May 2;89:102359. Epub 2022 May 2.

School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, Australia.

Objective: It is essential that reports written by forensic medicine practitioners undergo appropriate quality control. The aim of this study is to develop and validate a tool for assessing the quality of medico-legal reports in adult and adolescent sexual assault cases.

Methods: The authors developed an audit tool and accompanying guideline aimed at detecting errors, omissions, and inadequacies in medico-legal reports following reported adult or adolescent sexual assault. Read More

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"I Pulled Them Apart and Told Them to Stop": A Mixed-Methods Examination of Bystander Behavior, Preparedness, and Emotional Reaction.

J Interpers Violence 2022 May 10:8862605221092071. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, 8059University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA.

The goals of this mixed-methods study were to examine self-reported behavior of bystanders who intervened in specific situations of potential sexual violence and physical dating violence, to explore their sense of preparedness to intervene, and to assess bystanders' emotional reactions to their self-reported action or inaction when witnessing potential sexual and dating violence. The participants ( = 553, 65.2% female, 76% freshmen, age = 18. Read More

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Traumatic Autobiographical Memories: Preliminary fMRI Findings Among Men With Histories of Childhood Sexual Abuse.

Am J Mens Health 2022 May-Jun;16(3):15579883221096566

School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with autobiographical memory (AM) disturbances. AM is important for future thinking, sense of self, and coping with negative emotions. CSA is under-researched among men, with research examining long-term neural correlates limited even further. Read More

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Assault related injury visits in US emergency departments: An analysis by weekday, month and weekday-by-month.

Chronobiol Int 2022 May 10:1-10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Orthopedic Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Riley Children's Hospital, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

This study investigated the temporal variation (month and day) in assault-related injuries presenting to the US Emergency Departments (ED). An IRB exempt, retrospective review of prospectively collected data was performed using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System Database from 2005 to 2017 for six categories of assault-related injuries-altercation, sexual assault, robbery, intimate partner violence (IPV), other specified assaults and unknown assault types. National estimates of injuries and associated variables were obtained using SUDAAN software, followed by cosinor analyses for the variation of month and weekday of injury. Read More

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Post-Assault Health Care for Sexual Assault Survivors During COVID-19: A Mixed Methods Analysis of Service Rates in a Predominately African American Community.

J Interpers Violence 2022 May 8:8862605221098963. Epub 2022 May 8.

Department of Psychology, 3078Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

This study examined how the COVID-19 pandemic affected sexual assault healthcare services in a predominately African American U.S. city. Read More

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State-by-State Variability in Adolescent Privacy Laws.

Pediatrics 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Objectives: Health care providers managing the complex health needs of adolescents must comply with state laws governing adolescent consent and right to privacy. However, these laws vary. Our objectives were to summarize consent and privacy laws state-by-state and assess the implications of variation for compliance with the 21st Century Cures Act and with evidence-based guidance on adolescent care. Read More

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