5,427 results match your criteria Sexual Assault


Women's Experiences of Sexual Violence in Intimate Relationships: Applying a New Taxonomy.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 22:886260519827667. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

1 The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA.

How do women describe their experiences of sexual violence in their intimate relationships? In answering this question, the present article builds upon a newly developed taxonomy of intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV). Women with past or present intimate partner violence experience ( N = 28) were recruited from a domestic violence program and the community at large. Data were collected with semistructured, in-person interviews, audio recorded, and transcribed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519827667DOI Listing
February 2019

Automation of the standard DNA differential extraction on the Hamilton AutoLys STAR system: A proof-of-concept study.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2019 Feb 13;40:96-104. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Hamilton Robotics, 4970 Energy Way, Reno, NV 89502, USA.

For several decades, a common approach for processing sexual assault evidence has been to use the "standard" differential extraction to separate the evidence into a non-sperm-cell fraction and a sperm-cell fraction for further analysis. In this standard approach (P. Gill et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2019.02.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Trauma Recovery Is Cultural: Understanding Shared and Different Healing Themes in Irish and American Survivors of Gender-based Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 19:886260519829284. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

1 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

Little research has focused on the trauma healing processes of survivors of gender-based violence (GBV) worldwide. Even less research has utilized cross-cultural comparison to understand shared or culturally-distinct healing goals, creating a gap in understanding how to provide adequate, culturally relevant, and trauma-informed care to survivors. The purpose of this study was to cross-culturally compare shared healing influences and themes of the trauma recovery process in samples of Irish and American female survivors of GBV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519829284DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessing the impacts of minimum legal drinking age laws on police-reported violent victimization in Canada from 2009 to 2013.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Feb 5;197:65-72. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Northern Medical Program, University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), 3333 University Way, Prince George, BC, V2N 4Z9, Canada; Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research (CISUR), University of Victoria, 2300 McKenzie Ave., Victoria, BC, V8N 5M8, Canada. Electronic address:

Background/aim: Given that alcohol-related victimization is highly prevalent among young adults, the current study aimed to assess the potential impacts of Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) laws on police-reported violent victimization events among young people.

Design: A regression-discontinuity (RD) approach was applied to victimization data from the Canadian Uniform Crime Reporting 2 (UCR2) Incident-based survey from 2009-2013. Participants/cases: All police-reported violent victimization events (females: n = 178,566; males: n = 156,803) among youth aged 14-22 years in Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.025DOI Listing
February 2019

Public Perceptions on Why Women Receive Less Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Than Men in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Circulation 2019 Feb;139(8):1060-1068

Center for Women's Health Research (S.M.P., C.K., S.L.D.), Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora.

Background: Women who suffer an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest receive bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) less often than men. Understanding public perceptions of why this occurs is a necessary first step toward equitable application of this potentially life-saving intervention.

Methods: We conducted a national survey of members of the public using Mechanical Turk, Amazon's crowdsourcing platform, to determine reasons why women might receive bystander CPR less often than men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.037692DOI Listing
February 2019

Perceptions of Community Norms and Youths' Reactive and Proactive Dating and Sexual Violence Bystander Action.

Am J Community Psychol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA.

There is enthusiasm for programs that promote bystander intervention to prevent dating and sexual violence (DSV). However, more information about what facilitates or inhibits bystander behavior in DSV situations is needed. The present cross-sectional survey study investigated whether youth perceptions of adults' behavior and community norms were associated with how frequently youth took action and intervened in DSV situations or to prevent DSV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12312DOI Listing
February 2019

The issue of psychotropic drug monitoring in sexual assault victims.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019 Feb;23(3):908-910

National Centre on Addiction and Doping Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_201902_16973DOI Listing
February 2019

Web-Based Health Services in Forensic Psychiatry: A Review of the Use of the Internet in the Treatment of Child Sexual Abusers and Child Sexual Exploitation Material Offenders.

Front Psychiatry 2018 4;9:763. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy-Forensic Psychiatry, Human Medical Center Göttingen, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

In recent years, web-based health services for a variety of mental disorders have been developed and evaluated. Evidence suggests that guided internet-based therapy can be as effective as conventional face-to-face therapy. In forensic psychiatric practice, few web-based treatments have been implemented up to now. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00763DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369176PMC
February 2019

A Multisession Evaluation of Sexual Assault Prevention Education: The Unique Effects of Program Participation.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 15:886260519829767. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1 Arizona State University, Athens, USA.

One in five college women report being sexually assaulted, while men have the greatest likelihood to commit a sexual assault while attending a university. Because freshmen and sophomore college women are particularly vulnerable to victimization, it is important to provide effective sexual assault prevention education. The current study examines a multisession approach to sexual assault prevention at a southwestern university. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519829767DOI Listing
February 2019

A Multi-Campus Pilot Feasibility Evaluation of a Bystander-Based Sexual Violence Prevention Program: Exploring the Influence of Drinking Behaviors on Bystander Behavior.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 15:886260519829286. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

4 College of Charleston, SC, USA.

Researchers and policy makers are devoting considerable attention to the development and evaluation of sexual violence prevention programming for college campuses. Although several programs have been developed over the last decade, questions remain about whether programs can be effectively implemented across diverse campuses and whether individual-level factors like alcohol use moderate program effectiveness. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the impact of a brief, sexual violence prevention program-The Men's Program-on two diverse campuses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519829286DOI Listing
February 2019
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Advocating alternatives to mandatory reporting of college sexual assault: Reply to Newins (2018).

Am Psychol 2019 Feb-Mar;74(2):250-251

Department of Psychology, University of Oregon.

Our recent article "Compelled Disclosure of College Sexual Assault" examines college and university policies requiring most, if not all, employees to report student disclosures of sexual assault to university authorities, with or without student consent. We provided evidence that these mandatory reporting policies have become ubiquitous in American higher education, despite limited evidence of their safety or efficacy. Commenting on our article, Newins offers helpful advice for psychologists navigating the role of "responsible employee," such as seeking out information about their campus policy for reporting sexual assault disclosures and informing students of reporting mandates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/amp0000415DOI Listing
February 2019
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Ethical considerations of compelled disclosure of sexual assault among college students: Comment on Holland, Cortina, and Freyd (2018).

Authors:
Amie R Newins

Am Psychol 2019 Feb-Mar;74(2):248-249

University of Central Florida.

The recent article "Compelled Disclosure of College Sexual Assault" (Holland, Cortina, & Freyd, 2018) documents the variability in how campuses define responsible employees, reviews the assumptions underlying compelled disclosure, and offers alternatives to compelled disclosure. Compelled disclosure conflicts with several of the general principles of the American Psychological Association's (2016) ethics code and, as a result, is likely to conflict with the values of many psychologists. In this response, the ethical conflicts are identified and recommendations to psychologists to address these conflicts are offered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/amp0000363DOI Listing
February 2019

Stability of reported trauma over extended intervals: Initial evaluation of an exposure screening protocol.

Psychol Assess 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming.

The reliability and validity of reported exposure to significant trauma is critical to research evaluating outcomes following serious and distressing life events. The current study examined the reliability of reported exposure to disaster, fire, transportation accidents, physical assault, and sexual assault across 5- (N = 251), 12- (N = 223), and 24-month (N = 109) intervals in undergraduates completing a screening measure of probable trauma (N = 3,045). Concordance with later responses to an alternate checklist and events assessed via clinical interview was examined in a subset of participants (N = 274). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000704DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of a Bystander-Focused Interpersonal Violence Prevention Program with High School Students.

Prev Sci 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Tufts Medical Center, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Boston, MA, USA.

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a seven-session, bystander-focused, classroom-delivered curriculum (i.e., Bringing in the Bystander-High School Curriculum [BITB-HSC]) in reducing rates of interpersonal violence among high school students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-01000-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Acute mental health symptoms among individuals receiving a sexual assault medical forensic exam: the role of previous intimate partner violence victimization.

Arch Womens Ment Health 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.

Sexual assault and intimate partner violence (IPV) are common in the USA, and they often co-occur. Individuals with multiple victimization experiences have more severe mental health outcomes compared to those with one victimization. The current study examined mental health symptoms and their association with IPV victimization history among a sample of individuals who experienced a recent sexual assault and received a sexual assault medical forensic examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00737-019-0947-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Separation and forensic identification of sperm from cell mixtures using anti-hLCN6 monoclonal antibody coupled magnetic beads].

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao 2019 Jan;35(1):150-158

Department of Forensic Biology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471023, Henan, China.

Human lipocalin 6 (hLCN6) is an epididymis-specific secretory protein. It binds to sperm and plays important role in sperm maturation. To explore the feasibility for isolating spermatozoa from mixed cells using anti-hLCN6 monoclonal antibody-conjugated immunomagnetic beads (anti-hLCN6 IMBs) and establish a new method for the separation of sperms from mixed stains, 2 sets of 30 cases of cell mixture suspensions and stains containing different proportions of sperm and epithelial cells were prepared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13345/j.cjb.180075DOI Listing
January 2019

Determinants of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing and Acquisition Among Female Victims of Intimate Partner Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Feb 13:886260519827662. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

5 Florida International University, Miami, USA.

The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing and acquisition among female victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). Data were abstracted from intake and HIV/STI testing forms from a family justice center, to identify the socioeconomic and abuse characteristics associated with requesting and obtaining an HIV/STI test ( n = 343) and acquisition of HIV/STIs ( n = 111). Multiple logistic regression using forward selection was used to identify predictors of HIV/STI testing and acquisition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519827662DOI Listing
February 2019

A new approach to assess the capability of health facilities to provide clinical care for sexual violence against women: a pilot study.

Health Policy Plan 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK.

Several tools have been developed to collect information on health facility preparedness to provide sexual violence response services; however, little guidance exists on how this information can be used to better understand which functions a facility can perform. Our study therefore aims to propose a set of signal functions that provide a framework for monitoring the availability of clinical sexual violence services. To illustrate the potential insights that can be gained from using our proposed signal functions, we used the framework to analyse data from a health facility census conducted in Central Province, Zambia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czy106DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Sexual Violence in Adolescents.

Pediatr Ann 2019 Feb;48(2):e58-e63

Sexual violence and intimate partner violence are common among adolescents, especially for those who are developmentally disabled. Pediatricians have a critical role in treating and preventing sexual violence in adolescents. As medical providers, they possess trusted access to identify sexual violence in adolescents and to intervene to help prevent further violence and mitigate associated health effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/19382359-20190118-01DOI Listing
February 2019

Excusing and Justifying Rape Cognitions in Judgments of Sexually Coercive Dating Scenarios.

Sex Abuse 2019 Feb 10:1079063219825869. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

1 Nottingham Trent University, UK.

According to recent analyses, Bumby's RAPE scale of rape-supportive cognitions about women and sexual assault comprises two factors. Excusing rape serves to reduce abusers' culpability for their offending, and ascribing blame to victims, while justifying rape is associated with a sense of sexual entitlement. The distinct effects of these factors on rape judgments have not yet been investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1079063219825869DOI Listing
February 2019

Asian American Women Sexual Assault Survivors' Choice of Coping Strategies: The Role of Post-Assault Cognitive Responses.

Women Ther 2018 13;41(3-4):298-315. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Department of Criminology, Law & Justice, University of Illinois, Chicago.

Even though approximately one in three Asian American (AA) and Pacific Islander women experience sexual assault victimization, there is a dearth of literature examining how AA women sexual assault survivors cope with this traumatic experience. This study examined AA female sexual assault survivors' choice of coping strategies post-assault and how their cognitive responses toward sexual assault victimization (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02703149.2018.1430340DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366838PMC
February 2018
1 Read

Early Sexual Trauma Exposure and Neural Response Inhibition in Adolescence and Young Adults: Trajectories of Frontal Theta Oscillations During a Go/No-Go Task.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20;58(2):242-255.e2. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY.

Objective: Trauma, particularly when experienced early in life, can alter neurophysiologic and behavioral development, thereby increasing risk for substance use disorders and related psychopathology. However, few studies have empirically examined trauma using well-characterized developmental samples that are followed longitudinally.

Method: The association of assaultive, non-assaultive, and sexual assaultive experiences before 10 years of age with developmental trajectories of brain function during response inhibition was examined by measuring electrophysiologic theta and delta oscillations during no-go and go conditions in an equal probability go/no-go task. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08908567183205
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.07.905DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
7.260 Impact Factor

Longitudinal assessment of heavy alcohol use and incapacitated sexual assault: A cross-lagged analysis.

Addict Behav 2019 Feb 4;93:198-203. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, United States; Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, RI, United States; Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI, United States.

Researchers have argued there are bidirectional associations between heavy alcohol use and sexual assault; however, research in this area is inconclusive due to methodological differences, particularly in study design. The purpose of this study is to clarify the longitudinal associations between heavy alcohol use and incapacitated sexual assault among first-year college women, accounting for hypothesized autoregressive effects within each construct over their first year of college. A sample of 483 women completed regular surveys that assessed a range of health behaviors, including alcohol use and sexual behavior, during their first year of college. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Benefits of Treatment Completion Over Premature Termination: Findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network.

Psychiatry 2019 Feb 8:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Objective: To evaluate potential differences in therapeutic outcomes between youths who completed a full course of treatment as planned compared to youths who terminated treatment prematurely.

Method: Using longitudinal data from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) Core Data Set, the present study examined demographic characteristics, trauma history, scores on standardized measures, and ratings of functional impairment and behavior problems in a large clinical sample of children and adolescents exposed to trauma who received treatment at NCTSN centers across the United States. Baseline and follow-up data were used to compare treatment completers (n= 3,108) and noncompleters (n = 4,029). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00332747.2018.1560584DOI Listing
February 2019

Cold Case Homicides: DNA Testing of Retained Autopsy Sexual Assault Smears.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, 11 Shuttle Road, Farmington, CT, 06032.

Archival medical examiner specimens may contain perpetrator DNA evidence useful in unsolved ("cold case") homicides. The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) histology slide archives were searched for sexual assault smears for all 376 female homicides from 1990 to 1999. Of these, the OCME had sexual assault smears on 84 of which 13 slides had sperm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14023DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Optical tweezers as an effective tool for spermatozoa isolation from mixed forensic samples.

PLoS One 2019 7;14(2):e0211810. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Forensic Science, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, United States of America.

A single focus optical tweezer is formed when a laser beam is launched through a high numerical aperture immersion objective. This objective focuses the beam down to a diffraction-limited spot, which creates an optical trap where cells suspended in aqueous solutions can be held fixed. Spermatozoa, an often probative cell type in forensic investigations, can be captured inside this optical trap and dragged one by one across millimeter-length distances in order to create a cluster of cells which can be subsequently drawn up into a capillary for collection. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211810PLOS
February 2019

[Drug-facilitated sexual assault; frequently used substances, symptoms and toxicological investigation].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2019 Jan 31;163. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Radboudumc, afd. Eerstelijnsgeneeskunde, Vrouwenstudies Medische Wetenschappen, Nijmegen.

Drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) is a term used to describe incidents of sexual assault in which the victim is incapacitated and/or unable to provide consent to the sexual act as a result of drug or alcohol consumption. There are two types: 'proactive' in which the victim is covertly administered an incapacitating or disinhibiting substance by an assailant for the purpose of sexual assault; and 'opportunistic' in which a perpetrator engages in sexual activity with a victim who is profoundly intoxicated by his or her actions, to the point of near or actual unconsciousness. Alcohol is the drug most commonly found in alleged sexual assault cases. Read More

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January 2019
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Reducing Rape-Related Attitudes Utilizing a Cognitive Dissonance Paradigm.

Violence Against Women 2019 Feb 7:1077801218824999. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

2 New York University School of Medicine, New York City, USA.

This study used a cognitive dissonance mechanism that required college students to write essays dispelling previously endorsed rape myth beliefs. Results indicate that participants in the cognitive dissonance condition reported less rape myth endorsement at a 2-week follow-up than the control group. Effect sizes were large. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801218824999DOI Listing
February 2019

When women veterans return: the role of postsecondary education in transition in their civilian lives.

J Am Coll Health 2019 Feb 6:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

f Team Red, White & Blue.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the current state of postsecondary educational settings' outreach to military women who become students postservice.

Participants: Data for the present cross-sectional study were obtained from the American College Health Association's (ACHA) 2011-2014 National College Health Assessment II (NCHA).

Methods: Demographic characteristics of the study sample were explored by calculating frequencies and percentages by military service status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2018.1494599DOI Listing
February 2019

A Brief Report of Sexual Violence among Universities with NCAA Division I Athletic Programs.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2019 Feb 4;9(2). Epub 2019 Feb 4.

The Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.

Violence against women on college campuses continues to be a pervasive public health problem with approximately one in five women experiencing sexual assault and one in nine women experiencing rape while in college. The current study examined relationship and sexual violence among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I universities. Based on previous research, Division I universities seem to report higher rates of sexual assault, but within-group differences have yet to be examined. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2076-328X/9/2/17
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9020017DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Blaming the Victim of Acquaintance Rape: Individual, Situational, and Sociocultural Factors.

Front Psychol 2018 21;9:2422. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Psychology, SUNY Geneseo, Geneseo, NY, United States.

Victims of rape are uniquely vulnerable for being blamed for their assault relative to victims of other interpersonal crimes and thus much research has been conducted to understand why this is the case. But the study of victim blaming in acquaintance rape cases is hindered by contradictory empirical results. Early investigations in victim blaming often treated acquaintance rapes and stranger rapes as synonymous and thus much of these data are suspect for drawing conclusions particular to acquaintance rape. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02422DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348335PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Advocacy Services for College Victims of Sexual Assault: Navigating Complicated Confidentiality Concerns.

J Trauma Dissociation 2019 Feb 2:1-20. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

a Department of Psychology , Michigan State University , East Lansing , Michigan , USA.

Recent policy reforms related to campus sexual assault may pose confidentiality concerns for victims. The current study aimed to understand current issues in providing confidential advocacy services for college victims of sexual assault, as well as the differential roles that campus-based and community-based advocacy play for college victims. For this qualitative study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 22 national experts on campus sexual assault from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15299732.2019.1571889DOI Listing
February 2019

Points & Pearls: Identification and management of adolescent gynecologic emergencies in the emergency department

Pediatr Emerg Med Pract 2019 Feb 1;16(Suppl 2):1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Chief Resident, Emergency Medicine & Pediatrics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

In the emergency department, gynecologic complaints are common presentations for adolescent girls, who may present with abdominal pain, pelvic pain, vaginal discharge, and vaginal bleeding. The differential diagnosis for these presentations is broad, and further complicated by psychosocial factors, confidentiality concerns, and the need to recognize abuse and sexual assault. This issue provides recommendations for the evaluation and management of obstetric and gynecologic emergencies including infectious, anatomic, and endocrine etiologies. Read More

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February 2019
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Intervene: Modeling Pro-Social Bystander Behavior in College Students through Online Video.

Health Commun 2019 Feb 1:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

a Skorton Center for Health Initiatives, Cornell Health , Cornell University.

This study evaluates the impact of a theory- and empirical evidence- based 20-minute video, Intervene, on college students' intentions to intervene on behalf of others in multiple problematic situations: an alcohol emergency, emotional distress, hazing, intimate partner violence, racial bias, sexual assault, and sexual harassment. A randomized controlled trial of undergraduate and graduate students (N = 1,243) was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the video as an intervention for increasing students' self-reported likelihood to engage in pro-social bystander behavior across these various situations. Results showed that participants who viewed the video online reported higher likelihood at 4 weeks post-viewing to intervene in situations involving hazing, intimate partner violence, racial bias, and sexual harassment than did their control group counterparts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2018.1564956DOI Listing
February 2019

Alcohol Use and Sexual Assault Among College Students: Implications for APRN Practice.

Adv Emerg Nurs J 2019 Jan/Mar;41(1):2-9

Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.

The Research to Practice column is designed to provide advanced practice nurses (APRNs) with an analysis of a current research topic with implications for practice change within emergency care settings. This review examines a recent study conducted by , titled "Emergency Department Visits for Sexual Assault by Emerging Adults: Is Alcohol a Factor?" The authors conducted a retrospective chart review of emergency department (ED) visits for sexual assault among a college-age population and found most patients were female (98%) and 70% were younger than 21 years. Additionaly, among those younger than 21 years, 74% reported alcohol use at the time of their assault and 62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TME.0000000000000233DOI Listing
February 2019

Sexually transmitted infections in the context of a sexual assault.

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Universitario Basurto, Bilbao, Bizkaia, España.

Sexual violence is a worldwide problem with an impact on health that encompasses medical, legal and psychological aspects. Therefore the management of these patients must be multidisciplinary, and action protocols are compulsory. People who are victims of a sexual assault (SA) are at high risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI), which must be prevented, diagnosed, treated and followed up post treatment, according to the established action protocol to prevent potential complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eimc.2018.11.004DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Legal mobilization in medicine: Nurses, rape kits, and the emergence of forensic nursing in the United States since the 1970s.

Authors:
Jaimie Morse

Soc Sci Med 2019 Feb 24;222:323-334. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Postdoctoral Associate in Global Health, Yale University, Jackson Institute for Global Affairs, 55 Hillhouse Ave, New Haven, CT, 06511, USA. Electronic address:

Routine administration of the sexual assault medical forensic exam (commonly known as the "rape kit") is one of the most significant healthcare reforms advanced by the U.S. anti-rape movement since the 1970s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.12.032DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Family violence in Victoria, Australia: a retrospective case-control study of forensic medical casework.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Monash University, 65 Kavanagh Street, Southbank, Victoria, 3006, Australia.

Objective: To identify the risk factors and assault characteristics of family violence among victims referred for forensic medical examination in Victoria, Australia.

Methods: A retrospective 1:1 case-control study was conducted, comparing adult family violence victims and non-family violence victims examined by clinical forensic practitioners from the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, between July 2015 and June 2016. Data were extracted from victims' forensic medical casework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02000-9DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The understudied half of undergraduates: Risky sexual behaviors among community college students.

J Am Coll Health 2019 Jan 24:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Innovation Research & Training , Durham , North Carolina , USA.

Objective: This study examines the prevalence and risk factors associated with risky sexual behaviors in community college students.

Participants: A diverse sample of 18-19-year-old community college students (N = 264).

Methods: Baseline data from an online prevention program administered in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2018.1549554DOI Listing
January 2019
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Physician Sexual Assault: The Moral Imperative for Gender Equity in Medicine.

Authors:
Alyssa M Burgart

Am J Bioeth 2019 Jan;19(1):4-6

a Stanford University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2018.1552036DOI Listing
January 2019

Identification and management of adolescent gynecologic emergencies in the emergency department.

Pediatr Emerg Med Pract 2019 Feb 1;16(2):1-24. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

In the emergency department, gynecologic complaints are common presentations for adolescent girls, who may present with abdominal pain, pelvic pain, vaginal discharge, and vaginal bleeding. The differential diagnosis for these presentations is broad, and further complicated by psychosocial factors, confidentiality concerns, and the need to recognize abuse and sexual assault. This issue provides recommendations for the evaluation and management of obstetric and gynecologic emergencies including infectious, anatomic, and endocrine etiologies. Read More

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February 2019
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Systematic Review of Risk and Protective Factors for Revictimization After Child Sexual Abuse.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2019 Jan 22:1524838018823274. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

1 Institute of Health Equity & Social Justice Research, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a widespread public health problem in the United States. It has been associated with multiple long-term deleterious outcomes including revictimization in adulthood. This systematic review of 25 studies synthesizes research examining possible risk and protective factors that might explain the established link between CSA and future victimizations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838018823274DOI Listing
January 2019

An Integrative Review of Safety Strategies for Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2019 Jan 22:1524838018823270. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

1 Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent and a leading source of morbidity and mortality to women worldwide. Safety planning is a cornerstone of harm reduction and violence support in many upper income countries. Far less is known about safety strategies used by women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where the IPV support service infrastructure may be more limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1524838018823270DOI Listing
January 2019
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Campus Law Enforcement Resources for Rape Prevention and Responses to Stalking.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Jan 21:886260518823299. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

1 University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA.

Although the past few decades have taught us much about college and university responses to various forms of interpersonal violence affecting campus communities, this has largely not extended to campus law enforcement agencies. The lack of attention to this area is unfortunate given the role that these officers play on the campuses that they serve. The current study builds upon previous research using the Survey of Campus Law Enforcement Agencies data to examine the change in individual campus law enforcement resources (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260518823299DOI Listing
January 2019
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Walking the Walk: Testing a Theory-Derived Measure of Campus Sexual Assault Policy Implementation.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Jan 18:886260518824649. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

2 Stony Brook University, NY, USA.

Institutional Theory posits that organizations sometimes engage in practices that are inconsistent with their stated policies-a process called "decoupling"-due to three types of legitimacy pressures: normative, coercive, and mimetic. Limited previous research suggests that such decoupling between policy and practice may be occurring in institutions of higher education (IHEs) when addressing sexual assault. The objective of this study was to test a measure designed to assess sexual assault policy implementation using the constructs of Institutional Theory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260518824649DOI Listing
January 2019
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Gender Attitudes, Sexual Risk, Intimate Partner Violence, and Coercive Sex Among Adolescent Gang Members.

J Adolesc Health 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Epidemiology, Institute for Health Equity, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Purpose: Adolescent gang members are at greater risk of poor sexual health outcomes than nongang members. Gang members' beliefs about gender may explain variation in their sexual health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine how gangs' and gang members' beliefs about gender are associated with sexual health outcomes, including sexual risk-taking, intimate partner violence, and coercive sex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.10.292DOI Listing
January 2019
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The role of substance use and adult sexual assault severity in the course of schizophrenia: An epidemiological catchment study of sexual assault victims.

Schizophr Res 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Community Mental Health, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Background: Childhood trauma increases the risk of schizophrenia, yet the role of adult sexual assault in the course of schizophrenia is unknown. This study aims to examine the associations between substance use and sexual assault severity characteristics with the course of schizophrenia among adult sexual assault victims using an epidemiologic study design.

Methods: Sexual assault data on all individuals received from 2000 to 2010 (N = 2147) at the Center for Care of Sexual Assault Victims at Wolfson Medical Center, the largest medical center for sexual assault victims in the country, were merged with the Israel National Psychiatric Case Registry, that consisted of lifetime psychiatric hospitalizations of schizophrenia (birth to 6 years post-assault). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09209964193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads