6,569 results match your criteria Sexual Assault

Hymenal transections in children found by photocolposcopy in suspected sexual abuse cases is associated with a history of bleeding.

J Forensic Leg Med 2021 May 6;80:102176. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, J.B.Winsløws Vej 17B, 5000 Odense C, Denmark. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the difference in selected variables between children with and without hymenal transection, which is a healed defect that extends through the entire depth of the posterior hymenal membrane to the vaginal wall.

Materials And Methods: All female children from Southern Denmark who were examined by photocolposcopy in a six-year period were included in a retrospective cohort study. Statistical analyses included a chi-square test and a logistic regression analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Predictors and trajectories of treatment response to SSRIs in patients suffering from PTSD.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Apr 26;301:113964. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

H. Lundbeck A/S, Valby, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Paroxetine and sertraline are the only FDA approved drugs for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although both drugs show better outcomes than placebo, not all patients benefit from treatment. We examined predictors and latent classes of SSRI treatment response in patients with PTSD. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Taraidiwa ["We Have Been Raided"]: Effects of and Meanings Ascribed to an Assault on an LGBTI Function in Harare, Zimbabwe.

J Homosex 2021 May 11:1-21. Epub 2021 May 11.

Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Drawing on first-hand fieldwork experiences, conversations and interviews, this paper describes and analyses the violent attack on a GALZ event in Zimbabwe in 2014. A gang of unidentifiable men stormed the event and assaulted those present. The paper explores this attack on the LGBTI community in Zimbabwe as a sign, drawing on Peirce's theorizing of signs as triadic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

"Breaking the silence": Sexual victimisation in an old age psychiatry patient population in Flanders.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Ghent University Hospital, C. Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Sexual violence (SV) is linked to mental health problems in adulthood and old age. However, the extent of sexual victimisation in old age psychiatry patients is unknown. Due to insufficient communication skills in both patients and healthcare workers, assessing SV in old age psychiatry patients is challenging. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Reflecting the Times? Reexamining the Effect of Alcohol Intoxication on Perceptions of Campus Sexual Assault.

Violence Against Women 2021 May 8:10778012211005559. Epub 2021 May 8.

Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA, USA.

We examined the effects of victim and perpetrator alcohol intoxication on perceptions of campus sexual assault. Participants ( = 276) read a campus assault vignette; both perpetrator and victim intoxication levels were manipulated. Participants reported attitudes toward both parties and perceptions of responsibility, blame, and criminal and civil liability. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Losses Associated With Childhood Sexual Abuse in Women Survivors: A Scoping Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 May 7:15248380211013137. Epub 2021 May 7.

56405North West University, Vanderbijlpark, Gauteng, South Africa.

Method: This article reports the findings of a scoping review designed to identify research exploring the losses associated with childhood sexual abuse in women survivors. A systematic search of databases for articles published between 1983 and 2019 were conducted using keywords related to loss and women survivors of childhood sexual abuse.

Findings: Twenty studies were selected for review using predefined inclusion criteria: studies that include adult women survivors of childhood sexual abuse, studies that include child/childhood sexual abuse, studies that include stigmatized loss, studies that indicate stigmatized loss in adult women survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Profile Analysis of Sexual Assault Experiences among Adult Women and Their Implications for Mental Health.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 Apr 25;18(4):312-323. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Extant studies indicate that just one characteristic of sexual assault cannot properly represent the whole experience of sexual assault and, especially, the severity of sexual assault. This study aimed to understand the totality of sexual assault experiences and elucidate subtypes of sexual assault victims based on the detailed characteristics of their sexual assault experiences and those relationships with mental health.

Methods: A total of 255 adult sexual violence victims who used intervention services and a comparison group were included. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Who Are You to Me? Relational Distance to Victims and Perpetrators Affects Advising to Report Rape.

Violence Against Women 2021 Apr 29:10778012211005565. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Monk Prayogshala, Mumbai, India.

The victim's decision to report a crime is generally dependent on the advice received from a confidant. The effects of a confidant's relationship to victims and perpetrators on the advice given to report rape were investigated. Indian participants ( = 418) read one of the seven scenarios of acquaintance rape as a confidant; the scenarios depicted different relationships between the victim and perpetrator (family vs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Experience of Disgust in Women Exposed to Domestic Violence in Turkey.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Apr 29:8862605211013953. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.

In trauma, fear as a basic emotion that evokes avoidance after exposure to a traumatic event is important for posttraumatic process. Another emotion causing avoidance is disgust. Despite the fact that disgust also plays an important role in trauma, there is limited information about how it is experienced during and after exposure to the traumatic event. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Racial Disparities in Sexual Assault Characteristics and Mental Health Care After Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Exams.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Sexual assault (SA) is common, but Black individuals might be at higher risk of SA and negative health sequalae. Racial differences in SA characteristics and health care utilization after SA are largely unknown. We reviewed medical records of 690 individuals (23. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Nonverbal Response Cards Reduce Socially Desirable Reporting of Violence Among Adolescents in Rural Burkina Faso: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Adolesc Health 2021 May 21;68(5):914-921. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Department of Sociology, Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Purpose: Accurate measures of violence are difficult to obtain from self-reported data because of stigmatization and social undesirability of the topic. Most methods that attempt to reduce such biases require literacy and either remove the benefits of interviewer guidance or do not give individual-level results. We tested a low-tech nonverbal response card that avoids revealing interviewees' responses to interviewers while retaining interviewer support among adolescents in communities with very low educational attainment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Advancing Trans-Affirming Practice to Recognize, Account for, and Address the Unique Experiences and Needs of Transgender Sexual Assault Survivors.

Health Promot Pract 2021 Apr 24:15248399211009183. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Ontario Network of Sexual Assault/Domestic Violence Treatment Centres, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Transgender (trans) persons are sexually assaulted at high rates and often encounter barriers to equitable services and supports. The receipt of timely and appropriate postassault care, provided increasingly by specialized forensic nurses around the world, is critical in ameliorating the harms that accompany sexual assault. In order to adequately respond to the acute health care needs of trans clients and attend to longer term psychosocial difficulties that some experience, forensic nurses not only require specialized training but must also cultivate collaborative relationships with trans-positive health and social services in their communities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[The founders of the Edith Wolfson Center for victims of sexual assault].

Ido Solt

Harefuah 2021 Apr;160(4):266

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Health Care campus, The Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion Haifa, Israel.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Psychopathology, perceived social support, and coping in survivors of adult sexual assault: A cross-sectional hospital-based study.

Indian J Psychiatry 2020 Nov-Dec;62(6):718-722. Epub 2020 Dec 12.

Department of Psychiatry, H. B. T. Medical College and Dr. R. N. Cooper Municipal General Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Adult sexual assault (ASA) is often associated with negative mental health consequences. The psychological needs of ASA survivors are overlooked while the legal and social needs focused on.

Methodology: It is a cross-sectional study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Reporting after sexual violence: The influence of victim, assault and perpetrator characteristics.

J Forensic Leg Med 2021 Apr 2;79:102076. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Department of Primary and Community Care, Gender and Women's Health, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Sexual violence is a worldwide public health concern. Care for victims has improved with the development of sexual assault centres, which have served to professionalise and tailor care and to get different services to improve collaboration. Nonetheless, reporting rates remain low, causing perpetrators to walk free without prosecution. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Age and Sexual Orientation Moderated the Effects of a Bystander-Focused Interpersonal Violence Prevention Program for High School Students.

Prev Sci 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Tufts Medical Center, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, 800 Washington St, Boston, MA, 02111, USA.

The objective of the current paper was to identify moderating factors of a bystander-focused violence prevention program for adolescents, Bringing in the Bystander-High School Curriculum. Participants were 2,403 high school students from 25 schools in northern New England (M age = 15.8 years; 50. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner/Forensic Nurse Hospital-based Staffing Solution: A Business Plan Development and Evaluation.

J Emerg Nurs 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Nationally and internationally, providing competent and sustainable sexual assault nurse examiner/forensic nurse coverage has been a shared challenge. This project, "Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner/Forensic Nurse Hospital-based Staffing Solution: A Business Plan Development and Evaluation," provides an example for assessment, construction, implementation, and evaluation of a business plan for a sustainable sexual assault nurse examiner/forensic nurse staffing solution. By using preexisting float pool positions and converting them to sexual assault nurse examiner emergency nurses, coverage for sexual assault nurse examiner examinations in a 16-hospital health system was established, which decreased sexual assault nurse examiner turnover related to burnout while increasing the sustainability of sexual assault nurse examiner nurses who provided quality care to patients who had experienced a sexual assault, domestic or intimate partner violence, elder or child abuse or neglect, assault, strangulation, or human trafficking. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Repeat attenders are disproportionately vulnerable: An exploration of revictimisation at Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre.

J Forensic Leg Med 2021 Apr 20;80:102158. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre, York Place, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9WL, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Being a victim of sexual assault is linked to many psychological and physical health problems. Experiencing one episode of assault is a risk factor for revictimisation. Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC) provides aftercare for clients in Greater Manchester and Cheshire who have suffered sexual assault and rape, with physical, psychological and sexual health services. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Genital injuries and allegation of digital vaginal penetration - A retrospective examination of forensic case notes.

J Forensic Leg Med 2021 Apr 8;80:102154. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

The Havens, Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of genital injuries following alleged sexual assault by digital penetration of the vagina in the absence of penile penetration of the vagina or anus in women age 16 and over; and to compare with the prevalence of genital injuries following alleged sexual assault by penile vaginal penetration in the absence of penile penetration of the anus or digital penetration of the vagina and/or anus.

Population: 1428 adults and children attending a forensic medical examination between September 2017 and January 2020 at the Haven sexual assault referral center situated in Paddington, London, UK.

Design: Retrospective review of forensic notes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Student reports of attendance at programs to reduce campus sexual assault and harassment.

J Am Coll Health 2021 Apr 23:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Sociology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: To identify factors independently associated with program participation and knowledge of campus processes to address sexual assault and harassment complaints.

Participants: 1,182 undergraduates who completed the University of Michigan's 2015 campus climate survey on topics of sexual assault and harassment (67% response rate).

Methods: We analyze survey responses to estimate multivariable models that identify subgroups of the student population least likely to have participated in programs or to know campus processes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Underserved survivors of sexual assault: a systematic scoping review.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 Apr 9;12(1):1895516. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

THRIVE, Department of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

: Despite knowledge about the extensive and often long-lasting consequences of sexual assault, many survivors remain underserved by formal support systems (e.g. medical, mental health and criminal justice systems). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Epidemioclinical and legal aspects of sexual abuse among minors in Monastir, Tunisia].

Pan Afr Med J 2021 1;38:105. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Service de Psychiatrie, Hôpital Universitaire Fattouma Bourguiba, Monastir, Tunisie.

Introduction: Child sexual abuse is a disturbing reality and a major public health problem. Indeed, it is a subject that has long been treated as taboo, with dramatic consequences on physical and mental health as well as on social wellbeing of the victims. The purpose of this study was to highlight the epidemiological and clinical features as well as the legal aspects of child sexual abuse. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparison of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and the "date rape" drug GHB: behavioral toxicology in the mouse model.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Translational Medicine, Section of Legal Medicine and LTTA Centre, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and γ-hydroxybutyrate acid (GHB) are synthetic solvents detected in the recreational drug market. GHB has sedative/hypnotic properties and is used for criminal purposes to compromise reaction ability and commit drug-facilitated sexual assaults and other crimes. NMP is a strong solubilizing solvent that has been used alone or mixed with GHB in case of abuse and robberies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Stranger rape; distinctions between the typical rape type and other types of rape. A study based on data from Center for Victims of Sexual Assault.

J Forensic Leg Med 2021 Apr 1;80:102159. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, J.B. Winsløvs Vej 17, Odense C, Denmark. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this descriptive cohort study was to characterize stranger rape compared to other types of rape.

Method & Materials: All cases of women aged 12 years or older, who contacted a Center for Victims of Sexual Assault in the region of Southern Denmark and underwent a forensic examination in 2018, were collected and analyzed. Descriptive frequencies, Pearson's χ-test and Fisher's exact-test were performed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Forensic botany: time to embrace natural history collections, large scale environmental data and environmental DNA.

Mark A Spencer

Emerg Top Life Sci 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Mark Spencer Botany, Ryde, U.K.

Forensic botany is a diverse discipline that spans many aspects of plant sciences, particularly taxonomy, field botany, anatomy, and ecology. Internationally, there is a significant opportunity to expand the application of forensic botany in criminal investigations, especially war crimes, genocide, homicide, sexual violence, serious physical assault, illegal trade in endangered species and wildlife crime. In civil proceedings, forensic botany may, for example, be called upon in trade disputes such as accidental contamination of commodities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Associations Between Adolescent Mental Health and Health-Related Behaviors in 2005 and 2015: A Population Cross-Cohort Study.

J Adolesc Health 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Associate Professor, Centre for Longitudinal Studies and MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, UCL, London, UK. Electronic address:

Purpose: Adolescent mental ill-health is a growing concern. There is little understanding of changes over time in the associations between mental health and health-related behaviors and outcomes (such as substance use, antisocial behavior, and obesity). We investigate whether the associations between different health and health-related outcomes in adolescence are changing over time in two recent cohorts of adolescents born 10 years apart. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sexual Victimization and Mental Health in Female University Students.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Apr 18:8862605211005148. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

University of Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, Spain.

Although sexual assaults on female university students are a public health concern, studies that have examined this issue have not used behaviorally specific definitions of the various types of sexual victimization. Furthermore, hardly any data exists on female Spanish university students. The objectives of this study were to analyze the prevalence of different forms of sexual assault against female Spanish university students, determine the risk factors associated with sexual assault, analyze the association between sexual victimization and mental health problems, and determine the differential risk of more serious types of sexual assault. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

What Characterizes Vulnerability? Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Service Provision for Survivors of Sexual Assault.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Apr 18:8862605211006358. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Although research indicates that specialized sexual assault (SA) services are effective in terms of promoting postassault recovery and improving legal outcomes, little is known about how to best support survivors facing co-occurring difficulties and inequalities (e.g., preexisting mental health issues, substance abuse, poverty). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF