5,512 results match your criteria Sexual Assault


Reproductive Health of Women Veterans: A Systematic Review of the Literature from 2008 to 2017.

Semin Reprod Med 2018 Nov 19;36(6):315-322. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Division of Gynecology, Department of Surgery, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts.

The literature on the reproductive health and healthcare of women Veterans has increased dramatically, though there are important gaps. This article aims to synthesize recent literature on reproductive health and healthcare of women Veterans. We updated a literature search to identify manuscripts published between 2008 and July 1, 2017. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1678750
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1678750DOI Listing
November 2018
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The contribution of mental health services to a new strategic direction for sexual assault and abuse services.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 11;64:45-48. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

University of Leeds, United Kingdom.

A new strategy for sexual assault and abuse services was published by NHS England earlier this year. It called for better coordination of services along the Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC) pathway following a sexual assault including mental health services for children, young people and adults. Previous research has highlighted the fact that up to two-thirds of those attending SARCs either have a history of mental health problems or are being currently treated for one. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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Psyche Meets the Gatekeepers: Creating a More Humane Culture for Women in Medicine.

Acad Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

S.M. Flaherty is communications director, Center for Celiac Research and Treatment, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, Massachusetts; ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5153-0218. M. Misra is professor of pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, and chief, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, Massachusetts. S. E. Scott-Vernaglia is assistant professor of pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, and director, Pediatric Residency Program, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, Massachusetts. E.M. Taveras is professor of pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, and chief, Division of General Pediatrics, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, Massachusetts. E.J. Israel is assistant professor of pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, and associate unit chief, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, Massachusetts.

In the Greek myth of Psyche and Eros, Psyche must fulfill four seemingly impossible tasks to achieve full consciousness before she can be reunited with her bridegroom, Eros. From early childhood, girls and women can encounter gender stereotyping, sexual harassment and assault, and other gender-related challenges. While both men and women can face mistreatment in medical school, female students experience sexual harassment and sexual assault at higher rates than male students. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001888-900000000-9761
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000002766DOI Listing
April 2019
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Psychosocial and sexual characteristics associated with sexualised drug use and chemsex among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the UK.

Sex Transm Infect 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.

Objective: To understand how the emerging public health issue of chemsex relates to broader patterns of sexualised drug use (SDU) among men who have sex with men (MSM), which has been understudied.

Methods: Potential participants were invited to take part in an anonymous, cross-sectional online survey through Facebook advertising and community organisations' social media posts (April-June 2018). Multivariable logistic regression was used to compare MSM who engaged in recent SDU (past 12 months) with those who did not, and those who engaged in chemsex (γ-hydroxybutyrate/γ-butyrolactone, crystal methamphetamine, mephedrone, ketamine) with those who engaged in other SDU (eg, poppers, cocaine, cannabis). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2018-053933DOI Listing

Out of the silence: towards grassroots and trauma-informed support for people who have experienced sexual violence and abuse.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2019 Apr 12:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Population and Health Research Institute, St Georges, University of London, Cranmer Terrace,London,UK.

To experience sexual violence and abuse is to experience silence. This commentary explores some of the ways in which psychiatry reinforces the silencing of sexual violence survivors. We argue that current psychiatric responses to sexual violence typically constitute iatrogenic harm including through: a failure to provide services that meet survivors' needs, a failure to believe or validate disclosures; experiences of medicalisation and diagnoses which can delegitimise people's own knowledge and meaning; 'power over' relational approaches which can prevent compassionate responses and result in staff having to develop their own coping strategies; and poorly addressed and reported experiences of sexual violence within psychiatric settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2045796019000131DOI Listing

Sexual violence and mental health.

Authors:
Sian Oram

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2019 Apr 12:1-2. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Section of Women's Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry,Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London,UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2045796019000106DOI Listing

Parental Warmth and Interpersonal Empathy as Predictors of Sexual Assault Bystander Intervention Efficacy.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 12:886260519842170. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

1 University of South Alabama, Mobile, USA.

Sexual victimization rates of women in the United States remain worryingly high. Much research has focused on the reduction of sexual violence with varying levels of success. One promising avenue of sexual violence reduction research provides evidence that bystanders who intervene appropriately can effectively contribute to a reduction in sexual assault. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519842170DOI Listing
April 2019
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Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Sexual Harassment in the United States, 2018.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 11:886260519842171. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1 University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, USA.

This study was designed to assess racial/ethnic disparities in victimization from sexual harassment and assault by sex in the United States, and to assess racial/ethnic differences in depression/anxiety as a consequence of sexual harassment or assault, among those victimized. In January 2018, the organization Stop Street Harassment led a nationally representative online survey regarding lifetime experiences of sexual harassment and assault with women and men aged 18+ ( N = 2,009). We used sex-stratified multinomial logistic regression models to assess racial/ethnic differences in (a) self-reported victimization from these sexual abuses and (b) depression/anxiety due to these abuses among those reporting victimization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519842171DOI Listing

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Role of Sexual Objectification in the Relationship Between Alcohol Use and Sexual Assault Perpetration.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 11:886260519842850. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

5 University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA.

In this study, we examined how sexual objectification can help explicate the relationship between alcohol use and sexual assault perpetration. Specifically, we examined a mediation and a moderation model. Moreover, given that gender roles and sexual norms vary across cultures, we also examined the structural invariance of the models between a U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519842850DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Effects of Legislation Mandating DNA Testing in Sexual Assault Cases: Results in Texas.

Violence Against Women 2019 Apr 10:1077801219838330. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

5 Justice Research and Statistics Association, Washington, DC, USA.

Many cities and states have taken steps to identify and process all untested sexual assault kits (SAKs). Texas was one of the first states to enact such legislation-SB 1636-which created a time line for a statewide audit and mandatory testing of SAKs. A mixed-methods approach was used to assess the effects of SB 1636 at both state and local levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801219838330DOI Listing
April 2019
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Physical findings in sexual assault cases when victims delay reporting.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Spectrum Health Hospitals, Grand Rapids, MI, United States. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2019.04.005DOI Listing

MATCH: A New Approach for Differentiating & Linking Series of Sex Worker Homicides and Sexual Assaults.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2019 Apr 8:306624X19839279. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

2 Mercy College, Dobbs Ferry, NY, USA.

Sex workers as a group are one of the more common targets in serial homicide, yet the most likely to go unsolved. Part of the reason for this is the difficulty in linking individual crime scenes to a series, especially in those series where offenders not only target sex worker victims but also target non-sex worker victims. Inconsistencies in both victim targeting and behaviors engaged in across series add to the difficulties of linking and solvability in these types of crimes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X19839279DOI Listing

Bystander Program Effectiveness to Reduce Violence Acceptance: RCT in High Schools.

J Fam Violence 2019 2;34(3):153-164. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Kentucky Association of Sexual Assault Programs, 83 C Michael Davenport Blvd, Frankfort, KY 40604 USA.

Bystander-based violence prevention interventions have shown efficacy to reduce dating violence and sexual violence acceptance at the individual level yet no large randomized controlled trial (RCT) has evaluated this effect at the high-school level and over time. This rigorous cluster-randomized controlled trial addresses this gap by evaluating intervention effectiveness at both school and individual levels. Kentucky high schools were randomized to intervention or control conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10896-018-9961-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422968PMC
April 2018
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The Advisory Board Perspective from a Campus Community-Based Participatory Research Project on Sexual Violence.

Prog Community Health Partnersh 2019 ;13(1):115-119

Background: This article presents the experience of one community-based participatory research (CBPR) board and moves board feedback beyond its dialogue with affiliated researchers, expanding the conversations to the broad research community.

Methods: The board member authors of this article were part of the Sexual Health Initiative to Foster Transformation (SHIFT), which had some of the highest subject participation rates within the literature on college sexual assault-84% in a daily diary study (N = 427) and 67% in a survey of 2,500 randomly selected students-and enjoyed an overall positive sentiment.

Results And Conclusions: Based on the experience of board members this article outlines four recommendations for the construction of CBPR studies: meeting frequently, co-education of board members and researchers, addressing power and privilege, and prioritizing highly valued participation, with mutual respect for and recognition of distinct roles and expertise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/cpr.2019.0014DOI Listing
January 2019
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Acoustic trapping of sperm cells from mock sexual assault samples.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2019 Mar 23;41:42-49. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Department of Chemistry, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 22904, USA; Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 22904, USA; Department of Pathology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 22904, USA. Electronic address:

We report the successful separation of sperm cells from a relevant composition of mock sexual assault samples using a novel acoustic differential extraction (ADE) technology. A multi-layer microfluidic device fabricated in a non-photolithographic process from glass and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was capable of interfacing with custom-built instrumentation to exploit a standing acoustic wave for the trapping of individual sperm cells in a sample containing an abundance of epithelial cells. Samples were generated from buccal and vaginal swabs to mimic post-coital vaginal swabs, and processed through the ADE system followed by DNA extraction of the captured cells with amplification of DNA using a custom short tandem repeat (STR) chemistry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2019.03.012DOI Listing
March 2019
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DNA testing in sexual assault cases: When do the benefits outweigh the costs?

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Mar 23;299:44-48. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Sam Houston State University, United States.

Objectives: We examined 1200 sexual assault cold cases from Denver, Colorado to ascertain the rate of successful prosecution in which there was a DNA suspect match and the cost per conviction.

Results: Nearly 40% of the cases in which there was a DNA match failed to result in an arrest or prosecution primarily because victims were uncooperative or their testimony was judged to be unreliable. Other factors affecting conviction included crime context, victim availability, and the ability of the defendant to mount a consensual sex defense. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.03.031DOI Listing
March 2019
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The Effects of Victim and Perpetrator Characteristics on Ratings of Guilt in a Sexual Assault Case.

Violence Against Women 2019 Apr 4:1077801219840439. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

2 Fort Lewis College, Durango, CO, USA.

Scholars have long investigated how perceptions of the victim affect judgments in a sexual assault case, but little research has investigated perceptions of the perpetrator. Participants ( N = 322) read a scenario about an alleged sexual assault that manipulated victim behavior (speed of reporting) and perpetrator characteristics (athlete status and celebrity status) and then made judgments about the victim and perpetrator. Results showed that victim behavior was the most important factor in judgments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801219840439DOI Listing
April 2019
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Feeling Scared During Sex: Findings From a U.S. Probability Sample of Women and Men Ages 14 to 60.

J Sex Marital Ther 2019 Apr 4:1-16. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

e Los Angeles , CA , USA.

Using data from a U.S. probability survey of individuals aged 14 to 60, we aimed (1) to assess the proportion of respondents who ever reported scary sexual situations and (2) to examine descriptions of sexual experiences reported as scary. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0092623X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2018.1549634DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

College Campus Sexual Assault and Female Students With Disabilities.

Authors:
Margaret I Campe

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 4:886260519840405. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

1 University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.

College campus sexual assault is well-documented as a pervasive problem among U.S. colleges and universities, with female college students at the greatest risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519840405DOI Listing

Sex Worker Homicide Series: Profiling the Crime Scene.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2019 Apr 3:306624X19839274. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

2 John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York, New York, NY, USA.

Contrary to popular misconceptions, offenders who kill sex workers as part of their series exhibit substantial variability in their victim selection and behavioral patterns, thus creating additional issues for the investigation of these crimes. This article first aims to outline differences in the demographics of crime scene actions present in homicide series with exclusively sex worker victims and series that includes both sex worker and non-sex worker victims, with the aim of understanding the crime scene aetiology of these two different types of series. Second, the research aims to determine between-series differences of victimology as well as crime scene action between sex worker series and mixed-victim series. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306624X19839274DOI Listing
April 2019
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Social Reactions and Women's Decisions to Report Sexual Assault to Law Enforcement.

Violence Against Women 2019 Apr 3:1077801219838345. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

2 University of California, Los Angeles, USA.

Following sexual assault, little is known about how the social reactions women receive from informal supports and community-based providers relate to decisions to report to law enforcement. Among 213 diverse women who had disclosed a recent sexual assault to a community-based provider, 56% reported to law enforcement. Law enforcement reporting was associated with more positive (tangible aid) and less negative (distraction, being treated differently) reactions from informal supports and more tangible aid and less emotional support from community-based providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801219838345DOI Listing
April 2019
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Exploring the associations between physical and sexual gender-based violence and HIV among women who use substances in South Africa: the role of agency and alcohol.

AIDS Care 2019 Apr 2:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

a Substance Use, Gender, and Applied Research Program , RTI International , Research Triangle Park , NC , USA.

Objective: South Africa has the highest prevalence of HIV among women, the highest prevalence of gender-based violence (GBV), and the highest rates of per capita alcohol consumption in the world. The nuanced associations between GBV, alcohol misuse, and HIV must be explored and protective factors identified. This study examines the associations between physical and sexual GBV and HIV infection and explores how alcohol misuse and sexual agency may mediate the GBV-HIV association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2019.1595512DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Changes in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Service Connection Among Veterans Under Age 55: An 18-Year Ecological Cohort Study.

Mil Med 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, F282/2 A West Building, 2450 Riverside Avenue S, Minneapolis, MN 55454.

Introduction: Mandatory, age-based re-evaluations for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) service connection contribute substantially to the Veterans Benefits Administration's work load, accounting for almost 43% of the 168,013 assessments for PTSD disability done in Fiscal Year 2017 alone. The impact of these re-evaluations on Veterans' disability benefits has not been described.

Materials And Methods: The study is an 18-year, ecological, ambispective cohort of 620 men and 970 women receiving Department of Veterans Affairs PTSD disability benefits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz052DOI Listing
April 2019
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Exploring Intimate Partner Violence Among Women Attending Malaysian Primary Care Clinics.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 2:886260519839426. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

3 Ministry of Health, Malaysia.

Victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are frequent attendees at health care facilities. Although most literature on this subject focuses on developed or Western countries, there is a dearth of information from Asian countries. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of IPV among women attending urban primary care services in Malaysia and to identify the risk factors associated with IPV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519839426DOI Listing
April 2019
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"We're Going to Leave You for Last, Because of How You Are": Transgender Women's Experiences of Gender-Based Violence in Healthcare, Education, and Police Encounters in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Violence Gend 2019 Mar 7;6(1):37-46. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

FHI 360, Durham, North Carolina.

Transgender (trans) women experience gender-based violence (GBV) throughout their lives, which impedes their access to services and contributes to poor health outcomes and quality of life. To inform policies and health programs, trans women worked with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)- and President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)-supported LINKAGES project, the United Nations Development Programme, The University of the West Indies, and local organizations to document experiences of GBV and transphobia in healthcare, education, and police encounters. Trans women conducted 74 structured interviews with other trans women in El Salvador, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, and Haiti in 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vio.2018.0015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442261PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Temperature-Dependent DART-MS Analysis of Sexual Lubricants to Increase Accurate Associations.

J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

National Center for Forensic Science, University of Central Florida, PO Box 162367, Orlando, FL, 32816-2367, USA.

The analysis of lubricant evidence is a recent development in sexual assault investigations and in the absence of any biological evidence may assist in linking an assailant to the victim or crime scene. An ambient ionization technique, high-resolution direct analysis in real-time mass spectrometry (HR-DART-MS), was employed to characterize a sample set of 33 water-based lubricants. As lubricants are complex multicomponent mixtures, this study investigated if different thermal desorption temperatures could elucidate different additives and provide additional information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13361-019-02158-xDOI Listing

IMPACT: Effects of an Online Capacity-Building Intervention for IPV Prevention Professionals.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 29:886260519838498. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

1 Sociometrics Corporation, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

IMPACT, an online, interactive, capacity-building intervention for professionals engaged in direct intimate partner violence (IPV) work, was evaluated for preliminary efficacy. The IMPACT intervention comprised 13 training modules developed using the Rotheram-Borus Common Factors approach to prevention program development. In total, 156 participants from a diverse range of organizational settings across the United States completed baseline assessments and were randomized to the IMPACT intervention or to the control condition. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260519838498
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519838498DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Intimate Partner Violence Experiences Among Men Living with HIV in Rural Appalachia.

AIDS Behav 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, 2181 Health Sciences Center North, Morgantown, WV, 26506-9163, USA.

There has been limited study of the syndemic link between HIV and intimate partner violence (IPV) among rural populations in the United States. We utilized the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale-2 to examine the past year prevalence, type (psychological aggression, physical assault, and sexual assault), and the impact of IPV on HIV clinical outcomes among men living with HIV in rural Appalachia. Approximately 39% of participants experienced some type of IPV in the preceding year, with 67% of those individuals experiencing more than 1 type of IPV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02438-3DOI Listing
March 2019
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Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Victims of Sexual Assault With Pre-assault Substance Consumption: A Systematic Review.

Front Psychiatry 2019 13;10:92. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance consumption commonly co-occur in victims of sexual assault. Substance consumption can occur pre- andi/or post-assault. Pre-assault substance consumption may have an impact on the subsequent development of PTSD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424881PMC

Controlling Behavior and Lifetime Physical, Sexual, and Emotional Violence in sub-Saharan Africa.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 27:886260519835878. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1 College of Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, Arcadia University, Glenside, PA, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV), commonly accompanied by controlling behavior, is a serious public health concern in sub-Saharan Africa. Data from women ( n = 37,115) aged 15 to 49 years who completed the Demographic Health Survey's (DHS) domestic violence module in eight countries in sub-Saharan Africa (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo [DRC], Côte d'Ivoire, Namibia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Togo, and Zambia) between 2011 and 2015 were obtained. DHS questions assessed lifetime physical, emotional, and sexual violence (ever vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519835878DOI Listing

ACOG Committee Opinion No. 777: Sexual Assault.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Apr;133(4):e296-e302

Sexual violence continues to be a major public health problem affecting millions of adults and children in the United States. Medical consequences of sexual assault include sexually transmitted infections; mental health conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder; and risk of unintended pregnancy in reproductive-aged survivors of sexual assault. Obstetrician-gynecologists and other women's health care providers play a key role in the evaluation and management of sexual assault survivors and should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003178DOI Listing
April 2019
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ACOG Committee Opinion No. 777 Summary: Sexual Assault.

Authors:

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Apr;133(4):850-851

Sexual violence continues to be a major public health problem affecting millions of adults and children in the United States. Medical consequences of sexual assault include sexually transmitted infections; mental health conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder; and risk of unintended pregnancy in reproductive-aged survivors of sexual assault. Obstetrician-gynecologists and other women's health care providers play a key role in the evaluation and management of sexual assault survivors and should screen routinely for a history of sexual assault. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003179DOI Listing
April 2019
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A Qualitative Examination of the Sexual Possible Selves and Strategies of First-Semester College Students: How Sexual Possible Selves are Developed During the Transition to College.

Arch Sex Behav 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Child and Family Studies, College of Education, Health, and Human Sciences, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA.

According to the possible selves theory, individuals have possible selves that they hope to attain, or feared selves they hope to avoid, in the proximal future. In addition, individuals may have strategies they use to help them attain these possible selves or avoid their feared selves. Recent work has applied this theory to the realm of sexuality (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-018-1332-2DOI Listing

Characteristics of precollege sexual violence victimization and associations with sexual violence revictimization during college.

J Am Coll Health 2019 Mar 25:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

b Department of Pediatrics , University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , USA.

Objective: To examine the prevalence and characteristics of precollege sexual victimization (SV) experiences and associations with revictimization and recent substance use behaviors among a sample of college students who reported precollege SV.

Participants: A sub-sample of 931 college students who reported precollege SV at baseline data collection for an ongoing multi-site clinical trial.

Methods: Data were collected via electronic surveys between September 2015 and March 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2019.1583237DOI Listing

The magnitude and potential impact of missing data in a sexual violence campus climate survey.

J Am Coll Health 2019 Mar 25:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

d Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health , Indiana University-Bloomington , Bloomington , Indiana , USA.

Objective: Assess the impact of survey non-response and non-completion for a campus climate survey.

Participants: Intended for all degree-seeking students at a large, public, midwestern university, November 2014.

Methods: The survey covered sexual assault experiences and related attitudes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2019.1577865DOI Listing

Applying the Haddon Matrix to evaluate sexual assault interventions on college campuses.

J Am Coll Health 2019 Mar 25:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

b Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health , Baltimore , MD , USA.

Objective: A Haddon Matrix analysis was used to systematically review literature evaluating college campus sexual assault prevention programs to identify research gaps and intervention opportunities.

Methods: Articles included were published from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2017; indexed in PubMed, PsycInfo, or Scopus; involving English-speaking undergraduate students in the US; with experimental or quasi-experimental design.

Results: All 31 eligible studies evaluated educational programing; all relied on self-report measures; and three-quarters had follow-up periods ≤ 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2019.1583658DOI Listing

Post-traumatic stress and related symptoms among juvenile detention residents: Results from intake screening.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Mar 20;92:22-31. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

New York University School of Medicine, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, New York, NY, United States.

Background: Juvenile justice-involved youth have high rates of trauma exposure, physical and sexual abuse and PTSD. Several factors have been found to be related to PTSD symptoms in youth including number and chronicity of traumatic events.

Objective: To simultaneously examine the relationships between allostatic load (defined here as number of traumatic experiences), poly-victimization (exposure to two or more forms of victimization based on 5 of the 6 categories in Ford et al. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01452134193009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.03.011DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Detection of cellular material in lip-prints.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, Adelaide, 5042, Australia.

We report on the visualization of cellular material within lip-prints using Diamond™ dye (DD). The transfer of cellular material via the lips can occur in cases of contact with food or drinking items as well as cases of alleged sexual assault involving oral contact. DD can effectively detect cellular material transferred by touch. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-019-00108-3DOI Listing

Perceptions of High-Risk Situations for Sexual Assault: Gender Differences in the U.S. Air Force.

Mil Med 2019 Mar;184(Supplement_1):443-450

United States Air Force, Headquarters, Integrated Resilience Office, 1410 Air Force Pentagon, Room 5E960, Washington DC.

This study explored U.S. Air Force service members' perceptions of high-risk situations for sexual assault victimization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usy350DOI Listing
March 2019
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Risk Factors for Sexual Violence Among College Students in Dating Relationships: An Ecological Approach.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 22:886260519835875. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

1 University of Oklahoma, Norman, USA.

College students in dating relationships are vulnerable to sexual violence given that nine out of 10 acts of sexual violence are perpetrated by acquaintances, friends, or dating partners. Although past research has explored the risk factors for sexual violence, few studies have considered multileveled factors associated with sexual violence. This study uses the ecological model to investigate the risk factors for sexual violence among college students in dating relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519835875DOI Listing
March 2019
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Political Differences in American Reports of Sexual Harassment and Assault.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Mar 22:886260519835003. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

1 University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, USA.

Political ideology has been linked to beliefs regarding sexual harassment and assault (SH&A). Using data from the January 2018 Stop Street Sexual Harassment online poll ( N = 2,009), this study examined associations of political identity and political ideology with self-reported experiences of being the victim of SH&A. SH&A experiences were coded into four mutually exclusive groups: none, non-physically aggressive harassment, physically aggressive harassment, or sexual assault. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519835003DOI Listing

Forensic Medical Examinations: Imagining Justice.

J Forensic Nurs 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

College of Nursing, Montana State University.

Depending on the type of physical contact involved during a sexual assault offense, samples collected from a suspect's body may carry greater probative value than samples collected from a victim's body. However, unlike forensic medical examinations for persons identified as victims of a sexual assault, no professional consensus exists for what constitutes a high-quality forensic medical examination standard for persons identified as suspects, or the accused. The purpose of this article is to explore underlying assumptions that may contribute to disparate practices and inequalities in the provision of forensic medical examinations for persons suspected of committing a sexual offense and persons identified as victims of a sexual offense. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JFN.0000000000000234DOI Listing

Forensic Nursing Education and Practice in the Netherlands: Where Are We at?

J Forensic Nurs 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Public Health Service of Amsterdam.

Background: Forensic nursing is a new discipline to the Netherlands. Since 2013, a program has been in place to train experienced nurses in several aspects of forensic nursing, including injury assessment and wound documentation, sexual assault examination, assessment of child abuse, death investigation, and primary care for detainees of the police.

Objective: The purpose of the study was to provide information on the working environment, self-rated competencies, and practice experiences of forensic nurses after having completed the program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JFN.0000000000000235DOI Listing
March 2019
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School Personnel's Bystander Action in Situations of Teen Relationship Abuse and Sexual Assault: Prevalence and Correlates.

J Sch Health 2019 May 19;89(5):345-353. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Crimes Against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, 10 West Edge Drive, Suite 106, Durham, NH 03824.

Background: Relationship abuse (RA) and sexual assault (SA) are major problems among high school students, and school personnel are an important part of preventing RA and SA among youth. Therefore, we examined the rates and correlates of bystander intentions among school personnel in situations of RA and SA.

Methods: School personnel (N = 1150) from 25 high schools in New England completed surveys that assessed their RA and SA knowledge, perceptions of school climate specific to RA and SA, and RA and SA bystander efficacy and bystander intentions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josh.12751DOI Listing

Being and Doing: A Cultural Immersion Reflection.

Authors:
Glenna Mahoney

J Christ Nurs 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Glenna Mahoney, DNP, RN, is director of the traditional BSN Program at Research College of Nursing, Kansas City, Missouri. She is on the board of Collection of Victim Evidence Regarding Sexual Assault (COVERSA), a not-for-profit organization dedicated to providing quality, compassionate post sexual assault patient care and improving community collaboration efforts on sexual assault education and prevention.

Doing, that is, working and achieving accomplishments, is a strong Western value. Alternatively, being is about focusing on relationships and the moment. In a weeklong service-learning experience that included manual labor, cultural immersion activities, relationship building, and daily prayer and reflection, an educator was able to help nursing students discover the importance of being, while offering service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CNJ.0000000000000607DOI Listing

Dual Measures of Sexual Consent: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Internal Consent Scale and External Consent Scale.

J Sex Res 2019 Mar 18:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

c Department of Psychology , Montclair State University.

Sexual assault, often defined as nonconsensual sex, is a problem among college students. Universities have made efforts to increase student awareness about sexual consent, which varies along two dimensions: internal feelings of wantedness and external expressions of consent. However, interventions focus on increasing knowledge of the external expression of consent despite the importance of both dimensions for effective sexual communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2019.1581882DOI Listing

Identification of priorities for multidisciplinary intersectoral research on violence against older women.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2019 27;12:169-172. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Women's College Research Institute, Women's College Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada,

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https://www.dovepress.com/identification-of-priorities-for-m
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S194599DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398414PMC
February 2019
3 Reads