733 results match your criteria Sebaceous Hyperplasia


Disoriented collagen fibers and disorganized, fibrotic orbicularis oris muscle fiber with mitochondrial myopathy in non-syndromic cleft lip.

Arch Oral Biol 2022 Apr 29;140:105448. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Reconstructive Sciences Unit, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Objective: This study aims to explore and compare the histopathology of upper cleft lip tissue in order to identify the abnormalities and orientation of muscle and collagen fibers in patients affected with non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL±P) and normal controls.

Materials And Methods: Eight fresh lip tissues of consented patients with NSCL±P and two controls were fixed and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Masson's trichrome (MT), and modified Gomori trichrome techniques. The images were captured and examined using imaging cellSens software (Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) and Mirax Scan (Carl Zeiss, Germany). Read More

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An update on Becker's nevus: Pathogenesis and treatment.

Dermatol Ther 2022 May 3:e15548. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Dermatology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Becker's nevus (BN) manifests as a hyperpigmented, sometimes hypertrichotic plaque/patch over the chest and shoulder, and it is in the category of benign cutaneous hamartomas. BN has elongation and fusion of the rete ridge, keratotic plugging, sebaceous hyperplasia, smooth muscle hyperplasia, and hyperpigmentation of the basal/suprabasal layer histologically. This article highlights all issues involved in pathogenesis and treatment options of BN. Read More

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Genome Wide Differential Expression Profiles in Nevus Sebaceous Uncovered Low Expression of CDKN2AIP and Construction of a ceRNA Network.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2022 25;15:519-533. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Dermatopathology, Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Nanjing, 210042, People's Republic of China.

Background: Nevus sebaceous (NS) is a benign hamartoma of the skin, characterized by hyperplasia of the epidermis, in addition to immature hair follicles. The exact mechanisms of folliculo-sebaceous-apocrine defects and adnexal tumorigenesis are unknown in NS, but benign and malignant neoplasms are often due to a complex etiology in NS. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in various important biological processes and regulate inflammatory diseases and tumors. Read More

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Impaired Wnt/beta-catenin and protein patched homolog 1 signaling in extraocular sebaceous carcinoma: A clinical and histopathological study.

J Dermatol 2022 Mar 22. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

Department of Dermatology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Sebaceous carcinoma (SC) is a rare malignant neoplasm with sebaceous differentiation. SC is classified into eyelid and extraocular SC clinically. Most studies have focused on the eyelid SC in terms of pathogenesis, treatment, and prognosis. Read More

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Case of presenile diffuse sebaceous hyperplasia treated with adapalene gel.

J Dermatol 2022 Mar 8. Epub 2022 Mar 8.

Department of Dermatology, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

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Trichilemmoma Arising in a Sebaceous Nevus Successfully Treated with Cryotherapy.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2022 7;15:185-188. Epub 2022 Feb 7.

Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia.

Nevus sebaceous of Jadassohn (NSJ) is a benign congenital hamartoma composed of follicular, adnexal appendages and epidermal hyperplasia. Various secondary neoplasms, mostly adnexal in origin, can arise within nevus sebaceous. We report the case of a 16-year-old female who had NSJ associated with trichilemmoma, which was successfully treated with cryotherapy. Read More

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February 2022

Expression and Significance of AQP3 in Cutaneous Lesions.

Anal Cell Pathol (Amst) 2021 26;2021:7866471. Epub 2021 Oct 26.

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Pathology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing, China.

Aquaporin 3 (AQP3) is the membrane channel of water and involved in fluid homeostasis. The aim of this study was to reveal the expression and significance of AQP3 in cutaneous lesions. We analyzed AQP3 mRNA levels using RT-PCR in 311 cutaneous lesions and confirmed AQP3 expression in these lesions by immunohistochemistry. Read More

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Clinico-pathological correlation of lacrimal caruncle tumors: a retrospective analysis over 22 years at the University Eye Hospital Bonn.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2022 Apr 28;260(4):1415-1425. Epub 2021 Oct 28.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Bonn, Ernst-Abbe-Str. 2, 53127, Bonn, Germany.

Purpose: The lacrimal caruncle is composed of numerous structures including different glands as well as hair follicles. Accordingly, the spectrum of benign and malignant lesions is broad, and the clinical diagnosis is often challenging. Here we systematically analyzed excised caruncular tumors over the past 22 years with special emphasis on the clinico-pathological correlation to provide a guidance for clinicians. Read More

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Contiguous squamous proliferations in syringocystadenoma papilliferum: A retrospective study of 14 cases.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2021 Oct 15:1-8. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Department of Virology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Syringocystadenoma papilliferum is a benign adnexal neoplasm. Contiguous squamous proliferation has been rarely described in syringocystadenoma papilliferum.

Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the spectrum and pathogenesis of contiguous squamous proliferation in syringocystadenoma papilliferum. Read More

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October 2021

[Acne in the newborn.]

Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex 2021 ;78(5):443-449

Servicio de Dermatología Pediátrica, Hospital General de México Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, Secretaría de Salud. Ciudad de México, México.

Neonatal acne (NA) is a transitory dermatosis that occurs between the second and fourth weeks of life in 20% of children. This condition is more frequent in males, with a male-female ratio of 4.5:1. Read More

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October 2021

GLUT1 Expression in Cutaneous Sebaceous Lesions Determined by Immunohistochemical Staining Patterns.

Dermatopathology (Basel) 2021 Jul 5;8(3):258-264. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.

GLUT1 is a membrane associated carrier protein that functions in the physiologic transport of glucose across cell membranes. Multiple studies have shown an increased GLUT1 expression in various tumor types and a role in cancer prognosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether cutaneous sebaceous lesions have a differential expression of GLUT1 by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Read More

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Spectrum of AS-OCT features of ocular surface tumors and correlation of clinico-tomographic features with histopathology: a study of 70 lesions.

Int Ophthalmol 2021 Nov 9;41(11):3571-3586. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Operation Eyesight Universal Institute for Eye Cancer, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, 500034, India.

Purpose: To assess the correlation between clinical and anterior segment optical coherence tomographic (AS-OCT) details and histopathological changes in various ocular surface lesions.

Methods: Prospective case series of 70 lesions in 65 patients.

Results: AS-OCT revealed epithelial changes in OSSN (n = 19; 44%), squamous papilloma (n = 3; 60%), nevus (n = 1; 33%), epithelial hyperplasia (n = 1; 33%), granular dystrophy (n = 1; 100%) and granulation tissue (n = 1; 100%); subepithelial changes in chronic inflammation (n = 4, 100%), lymphoma (n = 3; 100%) and arteriovenous malformation (n = 1; 100%); combined epithelial and subepithelial changes in OSSN (n = 24; 56%), squamous papilloma (n = 2; 40%), PEH (n = 3; 100%), nevus (n = 2; 67%), epithelial hyperplasia (n = 2; 67%), solar elastosis (n = 1; 100%), lobular capillary hemangioma (n = 1; 100%) and sebaceous carcinoma (n = 1; 100%). Read More

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November 2021

[Clinicopathological features of basal cell type dysplasia of esophagus].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;50(6):638-644

Department of Pathology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.

To investigate the clinicpathological features of basal cell type dysplasia of the esophagus. The clinicopathological data of 71 cases of basal cell type dysplasia of esophagus were collected at the People's Liberation Army Joint Logistics Support Force 989 Hospital, from 2009 to 2019, and the histomorphologic characteristics and immunophenotype were evaluated. The relevant literature was reviewed. Read More

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An unusual case of pilar sheath acanthoma colliding with sebaceous hyperplasia.

Ital J Dermatol Venerol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Dermatology Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

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Molecular Genetics of Sebaceous Neoplasia.

Authors:
Jeffrey P North

Surg Pathol Clin 2021 Jun;14(2):273-284

Dermatopathology, Department of Dermatology, University of California San Francisco, School of Medicine, 1701 Divisadero Street, Room 280, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA; Department of Pathology, University of California San Francisco, School of Medicine, 1701 Divisadero Street, Room 280, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA. Electronic address:

Sebaceous neoplasia primarily includes sebaceous adenoma, sebaceoma, and sebaceous carcinoma (SC). Sebaceous adenoma, sebaceoma, and a subset of cutaneous SC are frequently associated with defective DNA mismatch repair resulting from mutations in MLH1, MSH2, or MSH6. These tumors can be sporadic or associated with Muir-Torre syndrome. Read More

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Safety and Efficacy of Nano-Pulse Stimulation Treatment of Non-Genital, Cutaneous Warts (Verrucae).

Lasers Surg Med 2021 12 19;53(10):1301-1306. Epub 2021 May 19.

Pulse Biosciences, 3957 Point Eden Way, Hayward, California, 94545.

Background And Objectives: This study describes the effects of nano-pulse stimulation (NPS) technology on the common verruca with the objectives of demonstrating efficacy and safety. NPS technology applies nanosecond pulses of non-thermal electrical energy to induce highly localized regulated cell death in the cellular structures of the targeted zone with negligible effects on surrounding non-cellular structures. Previous clinical studies applying NPS to common, benign skin lesions have demonstrated safety and efficacy in clearing seborrheic keratoses and sebaceous hyperplasia. Read More

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December 2021

Which factors influence Demodex proliferation? A retrospective pilot study highlighting a possible role of subtle immune variations and sebaceous gland status.

J Dermatol 2021 Aug 9;48(8):1210-1220. Epub 2021 May 9.

Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie humaine et moléculaire (IRIBHM), Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.

Demodex folliculorum and brevis are commensal mites that live in low densities in human pilosebaceous follicles as part of the normal adult microbiota, but that give rise to demodicosis and, possibly, rosacea, when they proliferate excessively. This proliferation is favored by various factors, including age, marked immunosuppression, sebaceous gland hyperplasia, and hypervascularization-related factors. To study possible factors influencing mite proliferation, we explored the effects of different variables on Demodex densities (Dd) in a retrospective study of two groups of subjects selected on the basis of their clinical diagnosis: Demodex+, consisting of subjects with demodicosis or with centro-facial papulopustules suggesting rosacea (n = 844, mean Dd 263. Read More

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Differential diagnoses of pseudolymphomatous folliculitis: considerations as regards one case.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 28;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Division of Population Health, Health Services Research & Primary Care, Faculty of Biology, Medicine & Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Pseudolymphomatous folliculitis (PLF) is a rare disease of cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia, with a low index of clinical suspicion. We present the clinical case of a 19-year-old male patient, with a solitary violet erythematous nodule of 6 months of evolution, located in the right infraorbital region, without presenting another symptomatology. Histopathological examination showed a lymphocytic infiltrate that surrounds the hair follicles, sebaceous and sweat glands that focally destroy their basement membrane. Read More

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Desmoplastic Trichoepithelioma With Pseudocarcinomatous Hyperplasia: A Folliculosebaceous Neoplasm in Young Persons.

Am J Dermatopathol 2021 Nov;43(11):788-793

UCSF Dermatopathology and Oral Pathology Service, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

Abstract: Pseudocarcinomatous desmoplastic trichoepithelioma (PDTE) features verrucous squamous epidermal hyperplasia with a jagged undersurface overlying cords of follicular germinative cells in a fibrotic stroma. To date, only 5 cases have been reported. We identified 7 new PDTEs from 2 institutions and reviewed their clinical manifestations and immunohistochemical profile. Read More

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November 2021

Carbon dioxide laser surgery for chronic proliferative and obstructive otitis externa in 26 dogs.

Vet Dermatol 2021 Jun 8;32(3):262-e72. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

QML Pathology, 11 Riverview Place, Murrarie, QLD, 4172, Australia.

Background: Some dogs with chronic otitis externa (OE) develop proliferation of the tissues surrounding the opening of the external ear canal, resulting in obstruction. Traditionally total ear canal ablation with bulla osteotomy (TECABO) has been recommended.

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of a novel treatment using carbon dioxide (CO ) laser surgery and to describe the histopathological features of chronic proliferative and obstructive OE. Read More

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Androgen and Estrogen Receptor Expression in Different Types of Perianal Gland Tumors in Male Dogs.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Mar 19;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department and Clinic of Animal Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20-612 Lublin, Poland.

Perianal gland tumors are modified sebaceous glands present in the skin of the perianal region in the dog. Hormonal stimulation may induce hyperplasia of the perianal glands or their neoplastic progression. The presence of androgen (AR) and estrogen (ER) receptors have been demonstrated both in normal perianal glands as well as in perianal tumors. Read More

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Normal and Premature Adrenarche.

Endocr Rev 2021 Nov;42(6):783-814

University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Section of Adult and Pediatric Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Chicago, IL, USA.

Adrenarche is the maturational increase in adrenal androgen production that normally begins in early childhood. It results from changes in the secretory response to adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) that are best indexed by dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) rise. These changes are related to the development of the zona reticularis (ZR) and its unique gene/enzyme expression pattern of low 3ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 with high cytochrome b5A, sulfotransferase 2A1, and 17ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 5. Read More

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November 2021

Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography of sebaceous hyperplasia: a case series.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 Aug 13;35(8):e509-e511. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Dermatology, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.

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Conjunctival squamous intraepithelial neoplasia and its differential diagnosis.

J Clin Pathol 2022 May 22;75(5):354-358. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Pathology and Cell Biology, and Ophthalmology, Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, Florida, USA

Conjunctival squamous intraepithelial neoplasia (CSIN) represents the in situ precursor of squamous cell carcinoma. The graded severity of intraepithelial dysplasia is considered a measure of risk for progression to invasive carcinoma. The range of cytoarchitectural changes in CSIN overlaps those of reactive atypia, squamous epithelial papilloma and in situ sebaceous carcinoma. Read More

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Neonatal Birthmarks at the 4 Central Hospitals in Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR.

Glob Pediatr Health 2021 27;8:2333794X21990908. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Newborn skin disorders are quite common and happen to occur during the neonatal period. Most of the birthmarks are transient; however, worried parents often seek medical advice from their child's physician regarding skin lesions. Thus, it is important to differentiate the skin lesions from pathologic ones to avoid unnecessary diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. Read More

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January 2021

Sex hormones and acne: State of the art.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2021 04 12;19(4):509-515. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Acne is an androgen-dependent inflammatory disease of sebaceous follicles. Herein, we reviewed and discussed the underlying pathways of androgen biosynthesis and metabolism, non-genomic regulation of androgen receptor expression and function, posttranslational regulation of androgen excess in acne and acne-associated syndromes, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. We provide insights into the involvement of sex hormones, particularly androgens, in skin homeostasis and acne pathogenesis, including comedogenesis, lipogenesis, microbiota, and inflammation. Read More

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An updated review of the sebaceous gland and its role in health and diseases Part 2: Pathophysiological clinical disorders of sebaceous glands.

Dermatol Ther 2021 03 19;34(2):e14862. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Veterans Affairs Hospital and SUNY Downstate Dermatology Service, Brooklyn, New York, USA.

Sebaceous glands are sebum-secreting components of pilosebaceous units. In the second of this two-part series, we review the pathologies in which sebaceous glands are primarily and secondarily implicated. They are primarily involved in steatocystoma simplex and multiplex, sebaceous gland hyperplasia, sebaceoma, sebaceous adenoma, sebaceous carcinoma, nevus sebaceus, and folliculosebaceous cystic hamartoma. Read More

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Systemic isotretinoin treatment in a renal transplant patient developing sebaceous hyperplasia due to cyclosporine.

North Clin Istanb 2020 22;7(6):628-630. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Department of Dermatology, Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Sebaceous hyperplasia (SH) is a benign tumor with telangiectasia on it, yellowish or skin-colored, with papulosis. Besides genetic factors, aging, ultraviolet rays, sex hormones, calcineurin inhibitors, such as cyclosporin, tacrolimus and systemic steroids, play a role in the development of sebaceous hyperplasia. Cyclosporin is widely used in organ transplant patients. Read More

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Premature or nevoid sebaceous hyperplasia? Two case reports of a rare disease.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2021 Mar 23;20(3):835-837. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Department of Pathology, University of Health Sciences Gazi Yaşargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Early or familial cases of sebaceous hyperplasia (SH) with multiple lesions, thought to be associated with genetic predisposition, have been reported in young individuals. Rarely reported variants include the giant, diffuse, zosteriform, and/or linear (nevoid) form. However, premature SH, defined as benign proliferation of sebaceous glands that occurs during or after puberty, is histologically similar to SH. Read More

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An updated review of the sebaceous gland and its role in health and diseases Part 1: Embryology, evolution, structure, and function of sebaceous glands.

Dermatol Ther 2021 01 1;34(1):e14695. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Veterans Affairs Hospital and SUNY Downstate Dermatology Service, Brooklyn, New York, USA.

Sebaceous glands are sebum-secreting components of pilosebaceous units. The embryological development of the sebaceous gland follows that of the hair follicle and epidermal tissue, beginning between weeks 13 and 16 of fetal development. New sebaceous glands do not normally develop following birth, but their size increases with age. Read More

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January 2021