339 results match your criteria Scoliosis Infantile


The Changing position of the Center of Mass of the Thorax During Growth in Relation to Pre-Existent Vertebral Rotation.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Study Design: Cross-sectional.

Objective: To analyze the thoracic center of mass (COM) position of children at different ages and evaluate its relation with the previously reported pre-existent rotational pattern of the normal spine.

Summary Of Background Data: The normal, non-scoliotic thoracic spine is known to have a rotational pattern that changes direction during growth; a transition from left-sided towards right-sided rotation with increasing age. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000002927DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Serial CAD/CAM Bracing: An Alternative to Serial Casting for Early Onset Scoliosis.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Medical College of Wisconsin; Milwaukee, WI.

Background: Years of casting for infantile scoliosis can lead to significantly detrimental quality of life for both the child and parents. Concerns have been raised about the long-term negative neurodevelopmental effects of repeated anesthesia on young children. We developed an elongation bending derotation brace (EBDB) that uses primarily a bending derotation force applied to the curve to achieve the same goals as the cast. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001287DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis: Is Universal Screening Necessary?

Spine Deform 2018 Nov - Dec;6(6):651-655

Shriners Hospital for Children, 110 Conn Terrace, Lexington, KY 40508, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective chart review.

Objective: Determine if there is a subset of presumed infantile idiopathic scoliosis (IIS) patients who have a low incidence of neural axis abnormalities (NAAs) such that screening magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be delayed.

Summary Of Background Data: Individuals with presumed IIS have an increased incidence of NAA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212134X183007
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2018.04.007DOI Listing
October 2017
5 Reads

Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis: Factors Affecting EDF Casting Success.

Spine Deform 2018 Sep - Oct;6(5):614-620

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shriner's Hospital for Children Salt Lake City, Fairfax Road & Virginia Street, Salt Lake City, UT 84103, USA.

Study Design: IRB-approved retrospective single cohort study.

Objectives: To review our ten-year history with EDF (Elongation Derotation Flexion) casting in patients with infantile idiopathic scoliosis (IIS) to better understand which factors predict successful outcomes.

Summary Of Background Data: Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of EDF casting in the treatment of progressive infantile idiopathic scoliosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2018.01.007DOI Listing
August 2017
2 Reads

Effect of an elongation bending derotation brace on the infantile or juvenile scoliosis.

Scoliosis Spinal Disord 2018 7;13:13. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

4Division of Biostatistics, Institution for Health & Society, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI USA.

Background: A wide variety of braces are commercially available designed for the adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), but very few braces for infantile scoliosis (IS) or juvenile scoliosis (JS). The goals of this study were: 1) to briefly introduce an elongation bending derotation brace (EBDB) in the treatment of IS or JS; 2) to investigate changes of Cobb angles in the AP view of X-ray between in and out of the EBDB at 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months; 3) to compare differences of Cobb angles (out of brace) in 3, 6, 9, and12 month with the baseline; 4) to investigate changes (out of brace) in JS and IS groups separately.

Methods: Thirty-eight patients with IS or JS were recruited retrospectively for this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://scoliosisjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-018-0160-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6080392PMC
August 2018
13 Reads

Esophageal perforation caused by a thoracic pedicle screw.

Eur Spine J 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

Orthopaedic Pediatric Department, University Hospital of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

This grand round raises the risk of a rare complication that can be avoided with the knowledge of the particular anatomy of scoliosis vertebra. Transpedicular screws have been reported to enhance the operative correction in scoliosis surgery. The narrow and inconsistent shape of the thoracic pedicles makes the placement of pedicle screws technically challenging. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-5611-3DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

Hormonal, metabolic and skeletal phenotype of Schaaf-Yang syndrome: a comparison to Prader-Willi syndrome.

J Med Genet 2018 May 1;55(5):307-315. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Jan and Dan Duncan Neurological Research Institute at Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA.

Background: Nonsense and frameshift mutations in the maternally imprinted, paternally expressed gene located in the Prader-Willi critical region 15q11-15q13, have been reported to cause Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS), a genetic disorder that manifests as developmental delay/intellectual disability, hypotonia, feeding difficulties and autism spectrum disorder. Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder characterised by severe infantile hypotonia, hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism, early childhood onset obesity/hyperphagia, developmental delay/intellectual disability and short stature. Scoliosis and growth hormone insufficiency are also prevalent in PWS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2017-105024DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

The Natural History of Idiopathic Scoliosis During Growth: A Meta-Analysis.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May;97(5):346-356

From the ISICO (Italian Scientific Spine Institute), Milan, Italy (FDF, FZ, SD); Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy (SN); and IRCCS Fondazione Don Gnocchi, Milan, Italy (SN).

Objective: The aim of the study was to provide a meta-analysis of current literature concerning the natural history of idiopathic scoliosis during growth.

Design: A comprehensive search of Medline, Embase, And Scopus databases was conducted up to November 2016. Eligible works were prospective or retrospective studies that enrolled patients with infantile idiopathic scoliosis, juvenile idiopathic scoliosis, or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, followed up without any treatment from the time of detection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000000861DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

Results of Casting in Severe Curves in Infantile Scoliosis.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Apr;38(4):e186-e189

Shriners Hospitals for Children, Greenville, SC.

Background: Previous work has demonstrated best results for casting in infantile scoliosis when the curves are small and the child begins casting under 2 years of age. This study examines if casting can delay the need for growth friendly instrumentation in severe curves (50 to 106 degrees) and how the comorbidities of syrinx or genetic syndromes affected outcomes.

Methods: All children undergoing casting for scoliosis at a single institution over an 8-year period were examined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001140DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Neuromuscular diseases: Diagnosis and management.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2018 Feb 28;104(1S):S89-S95. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Service d'orthopédie et de chirurgie réparatrice de l'enfant, département hospitalo-universitaire maladies musculosquelettiques et innovations thérapeutiques (MAMUTH), hôpital d'enfants Armand-Trousseau, 26, avenue du Dr-A.-Netter, 75571 Paris cedex 12, France.

Neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) affect the peripheral nervous system, which includes the motor neurons and sensory neurons; the muscle itself; or the neuromuscular junction. Thus, the term NMDs encompasses a vast array of different syndromes. Some of these syndromes are of direct relevance to paediatric orthopaedic surgeons, either because the presenting manifestation is a functional sign (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2017.04.019DOI Listing
February 2018
5 Reads

Rapidly increasing incidence in scoliosis surgery over 14 years in a nationwide sample.

Eur Spine J 2018 02 19;27(2):286-292. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Division of Orthopedics and Biotechnology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, K54, 141 86, Stockholm, Sweden.

Purpose: Severe scoliosis is primarily managed with surgery. This cohort study describes the incidence of surgically treated scoliosis among Swedish youth and young adults, stratified by age, sex, scoliosis type, and surgical approach and identifies changes in incidence rate and hospital length of stay (LOS), infections requiring re-surgery and mortality within 90 days.

Methods: Swedish youth, 0-21 years, (n = 3062) with a diagnostic code for scoliosis and spine surgery between 2000 and 2013 were selected from the National Patient Register. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-017-5346-6DOI Listing
February 2018
6 Reads

A novel mutation in FGD4 causes Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4H with cranial nerve involvement.

Neuromuscul Disord 2017 Oct 26;27(10):959-961. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Japan. Electronic address:

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4H (CMT4H) is a rare variant of autosomal recessive hereditary neuropathy. It is caused by FGD4 mutations and characterized by early infantile onset, slowly progressive distal muscle weakness, scoliosis, and myelin outfoldings visible in nerve biopsy samples. Here, we report a 65-year-old male born to consanguineous parents, who carries a novel homozygous FGD4 c. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nmd.2017.07.011DOI Listing
October 2017
6 Reads

Progressive Infantile Scoliosis Managed With Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment.

J Am Osteopath Assoc 2017 Sep;117(9):595-599

Infantile idiopathic scoliosis is a compensatory result of cranial and sacral intraosseous dysfunction associated with asymmetric developmental deformation of the occiput, leading to dysfunction of the sphenobasilar synchondrosis. A female infant with progressive infantile idiopathic scoliosis diagnosed at age 12 months (46.9° left scoliotic curve) initially received standard orthopedic care, including casting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2017.114DOI Listing
September 2017
3 Reads

Initial Cast Correction as a Predictor of Treatment Outcome Success for Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis.

J Pediatr Orthop 2017 Dec;37(8):e625-e630

*Children's Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, NY †Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA ‡Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO §Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY ∥Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, OH ¶Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD #Shriners Hospital for Children, Salt Lake City, UT **Children's Spine Foundation, Valley Forge, PA ††Growing Spine Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.

Background: Cast treatment for infantile idiopathic scoliosis patients ultimately corrects deformity in varying amounts. As the reasons for these differential outcomes are not fully elucidated, the aim of this study was to identify clinical and radiographic variables correlated with better cast correction.

Methods: Patients in the Children's Spine Study Group and Growing Spine Study Group registries who underwent cast treatment for idiopathic scoliosis between 2005 and 2013 with 1-year minimum follow-up were included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=01241398-201712000-0004
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001006DOI Listing
December 2017
39 Reads

A procedure to detect abnormal sensorimotor control in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis.

Gait Posture 2017 09 4;57:124-129. Epub 2017 Jun 4.

Faculté de médecine, Département de kinésiologie, Université Laval, Québec, Canada; Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:

This work identifies, among adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis, those demonstrating impaired sensorimotor control through a classification procedure comparing the amplitude of their vestibular-evoked postural responses. The sensorimotor control of healthy adolescents (n=17) and adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (n=52) with either mild (Cobb angle≥15° and ≤30°) or severe (Cobb angle >30°) spine deformation was assessed through galvanic vestibular stimulation. A classification procedure sorted out adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis whether the amplitude of their vestibular-evoked postural response was dissimilar or similar to controls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.05.032DOI Listing
September 2017
7 Reads

Physical Therapy for a Child With Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis and Motor Delay.

Pediatr Phys Ther 2017 07;29(3):E1-E6

Department of Pediatrics, JFK Partners (Dr Hall), and Physical Therapy Program, Anschutz Medical Campus (Dr Rapport), University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora.

Purpose: The purpose of this case report is to describe physical therapy (PT) for a child with infantile idiopathic scoliosis and motor delay.

Key Points: A 10-month-old boy with a 28° left thoracolumbar scoliosis was referred for PT and was seen weekly in his home over a 6-month period following a diagnosis of scoliosis and delayed gross motor milestones. Before the initiation of PT, the child was scheduled to undergo serial casting for correction of the spinal curve and was not yet rolling or transitioning in or out of sitting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEP.0000000000000389DOI Listing
July 2017
2 Reads

[Infantile hypophosphatasia caused by a novel compound heterozygous mutation: a case report and pedigree analysis].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2017 May;19(5):539-544

Department of Pediatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, China.

This article reported the clinical features of one child with infantile hypophosphatasia (HPP) and his pedigree information. The proband was a 5-month-old boy with multiple skeletal dysplasia (koilosternia, bending deformity of both radii, and knock-knee deformity of both knees), feeding difficulty, reduction in body weight, developmental delay, recurrent pneumonia and respiratory failure, and a significant reduction in blood alkaline phosphatase. Among his parents, sister, uncle, and aunt (other family members did not cooperate with us in the examination), his parents and aunt had a slight reduction in alkaline phosphatase and his aunt had scoliosis; there were no other clinical phenotypes or abnormal laboratory testing results. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2017
18 Reads

Infantile gangliosidoses: Mapping a timeline of clinical changes.

Mol Genet Metab 2017 06 29;121(2):170-179. Epub 2017 Apr 29.

University of Minnesota, Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, 420 Delaware St SE, MMC 446, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0341, USA; Advanced Therapies Program, University of Minnesota (UMMC) and Fairview Hospitals, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA; University of Minnesota, College of Pharmacy, 420 Delaware St SE, MMC 391, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0341, USA; Gene Therapy Center, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St SE, MMC 391, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0341, USA; University of Minnesota, Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, 420 Delaware St SE, MMC 446, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0341, USA.

Background: Infantile gangliosidoses include GM1 gangliosidosis and GM2 gangliosidosis (Tay-Sachs disease, Sandhoff disease). To date, natural history studies in infantile GM2 (iGM2) have been retrospective and conducted through surveys. Compared to iGM2, there is even less natural history information available on infantile GM1 disease (iGM1). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymgme.2017.04.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5727905PMC
June 2017
28 Reads

Recessive mutations in SLC35A3 cause early onset epileptic encephalopathy with skeletal defects.

Am J Med Genet A 2017 Apr;173(4):1119-1123

Neurology Unit and Neurogenetics Laboratories, Meyer Children Hospital, Florence, Italy.

We describe the clinical and whole genome sequencing (WGS) study of a non-consanguineous Italian family in which two siblings, a boy and a girl, manifesting a severe epileptic encephalopathy (EE) with skeletal abnormalities, carried novel SLC35A3 compound heterozygous mutations. Both siblings exhibited infantile spasms, associated with focal, and tonic vibratory seizures from early infancy. EEG recordings showed a suppression-burst (SB) pattern and multifocal paroxysmal activity in both. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.38112DOI Listing
April 2017
10 Reads

Perioperative considerations in infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy.

Paediatr Anaesth 2017 Mar 8;27(3):322-324. Epub 2017 Feb 8.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy is a rare neurological disorder that is universally fatal with life expectancy under 10 years. A 10-year-old boy with infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy and severe neuromuscular scoliosis underwent posterior spinal fusion following halo traction. He was successfully extubated to bilevel positive airway pressure on postoperative day 3 and discharged home on postoperative day 11. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pan.13081DOI Listing
March 2017
3 Reads

Intraobserver and Interobserver Measurement Variability of the Rib-Vertebral Angle Difference.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Oct;38(9):455-458

Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery.

Background: The rib-vertebral angle (RVAD) differentiates between progressive and resolving infantile idiopathic scoliosis (IIS) curves. Those with a RVAD<20 degrees often resolve without treatment, whereas those >20 degrees often progress and require treatment. The mathematical magnitude of RVAD measurement variability has not been described, and was thus the purpose of this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000000907DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Preoperative MRSA Screening in Pediatric Spine Surgery: A Helpful Tool or a Waste of Time and Money?

Spine Deform 2016 07 16;4(4):272-276. Epub 2016 Jun 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Objectives: To review the use of preoperative screening for Staphylococcus aureus for all pediatric spine procedures that was instituted at our facility in a multimodal approach to decrease the frequency of postoperative wound infections.

Summary Of Background Data: Four years ago at our facility, a multimodal approach to decrease the frequency of postoperative infections after pediatric spine surgery was instituted.

Methods: A single-center, single-surgeon pediatric spine surgery database was queried to identify all patients who had preoperative S. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2015.12.006DOI Listing
July 2016
10 Reads

Cervical sagittal alignment variations in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients treated with thoraco-lumbo-sacral orthosis.

Eur Spine J 2017 04 18;26(4):1217-1224. Epub 2016 Nov 18.

Académie Nationale de Médecine, 16 rue Bonaparte, 75006, Paris, France.

Purpose: Thoraco-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO) is an effective treatment in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients, but cervical sagittal alignment (CSA) variations after bracing have never been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in CSA before, during and after TLSO treatment, and to determine whether patients developed cervical pain.

Methods: This was a retrospective study in 38 AIS patients (33 females; mean age 10. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-016-4884-7DOI Listing
April 2017
15 Reads

Sensorimotor Control Impairment in Young Adults With Idiopathic Scoliosis Compared With Healthy Controls.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2016 09 17;39(7):473-9. Epub 2016 Aug 17.

Département de kinésiologie, Faculté de médecine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada; Centre de recherche, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec (CHUQ), Québec, QC, Canada.

Objective: It has been hypothesized that the impaired sensorimotor control observed in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (IS) may be related more to the onset of scoliosis than to the maturation of sensory systems or sensorimotor control mechanisms. The objective of this study was to assess sensorimotor control in adults diagnosed with IS in adolescence versus healthy controls.

Methods: The study included 20 young adults 20 to 24 years of age (10 healthy controls and 10 diagnosed with adolescent IS but not treated for it). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.06.001DOI Listing
September 2016
21 Reads

Childhood Pompe disease: clinical spectrum and genotype in 31 patients.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2016 05 18;11(1):65. Epub 2016 May 18.

Pompe Center and Center for Lysosomal and Metabolic Diseases, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Room Sb-1629, P.O. BOX 2060, 3000 CB, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: As little information is available on children with non-classic presentations of Pompe disease, we wished to gain knowledge of specific clinical characteristics and genotypes. We included all patients younger than 18 years, who had been evaluated at the Pompe Center in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, between 1975 and 2012, excluding those with the classic-infantile form. None were treated with enzyme replacement therapy at the time of evaluation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1186%2Fs13023-016-04
Web Search
http://ojrd.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13023-016-04
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13023-016-0442-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4870771PMC
May 2016
8 Reads

The prevalence of intraspinal anomalies in infantile and juvenile patients with "presumed idiopathic" scoliosis: a MRI-based analysis of 504 patients.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2016 Apr 27;17:189. Epub 2016 Apr 27.

Department of Spine Surgery, Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Zhongshan Road No. 321, Nanjing, 210008, China.

Background: Though several studies have reported the incidence of intraspinal neural axis abnormalities in infantile and juvenile "presumed idiopathic" scoliosis, there has been a varying prevalence ranging from 11.1 to 26.0% based on a limited sample size. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-016-1026-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4847178PMC
April 2016
21 Reads

[Exercise therapy in the treatment of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis: Is it useful?].

Arch Pediatr 2016 Jun 23;23(6):624-8. Epub 2016 Apr 23.

Service d'orthopédie infantile, CHU de Montpellier, 371, avenue du Doyen-Gaston-Giraud, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France.

Many practitioners, pediatricians, and general practitioners prescribe physical therapy when tracking scoliosis. However, has physical therapy alone proved its efficacy in the care of the scoliosis to slow down progression? Our purpose is to report the results of a literature review on the effectiveness of rehabilitation in idiopathic scoliosis. No current study presents sufficient scientific proof to validate the efficacy of isolated exercise therapy in scoliosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2016.03.004DOI Listing
June 2016
6 Reads

Flexibility analysis in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis on side-bending images using the EOS imaging system.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2016 06 16;102(4):495-500. Epub 2016 Apr 16.

Service de chirurgie orthopédique infantile, hôpital Robert-Debré, université Paris-Diderot, 75019 Paris, France.

Introduction: Analysis of preoperative flexibility in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is essential to classify the curves, determine their structurality, and select the fusion levels during preoperative planning. Side-bending x-rays are the gold standard for the analysis of preoperative flexibility. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility and performance of side-bending images taken in the standing position using the EOS imaging system. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2016.01.021DOI Listing
June 2016
3 Reads

Assessment of sensorimotor control in adults with surgical correction for idiopathic scoliosis.

Eur Spine J 2016 10 4;25(10):3347-3352. Epub 2016 Feb 4.

Département de Kinésiologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université Laval, 2300, Rue de la Terrasse, Québec, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada.

Purpose: This study aims at verifying if impaired sensorimotor control observed in adolescents and young adults with scoliosis is also present in adult patients who underwent surgery to reduce their spine deformation.

Methods: The study included ten healthy adults and ten adults with idiopathic scoliosis who underwent surgery to reduce their spine deformation. Galvanic vestibular stimulation was delivered to assess sensorimotor control. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-016-4421-8DOI Listing
October 2016
3 Reads

Adult-onset respiratory insufficiency, scoliosis, and distal joint hyperlaxity in patients with multiminicore disease due to novel Megf10 mutations.

Muscle Nerve 2016 06 25;53(6):984-8. Epub 2016 Apr 25.

Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, NAB 2015, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA.

Introduction: Multiminicore disease is a congenital myopathy characterized pathologically by the presence of multiple minicore structures in the sarcoplasm. Mutations in the selenoprotein N1-encoding gene (SEPN1) and ryanodine receptor 1-encoding gene (RYR1) are responsible for half of the reported cases. Mutations in multiple epidermal growth factor-like domains 10-encoding gene (MEGF10) have been identified only recently in a few patients with antenatal to infantile-onset myopathy, with and without minicore pathology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.25054DOI Listing
June 2016
10 Reads

Distally pronounced infantile spinal muscular atrophy with severe axonal and demyelinating neuropathy associated with the S230L mutation of SMN1.

Neuromuscul Disord 2016 Feb 22;26(2):132-5. Epub 2015 Dec 22.

Institute of Human Genetics, Medical Faculty, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

Two Croatian siblings with atypical clinical findings in the presence of SMN1 gene mutations are reported. The girl presented with delayed motor development and weakness in hands and feet in her first year of life. She never stood or walked and developed scoliosis and joint contractures during childhood. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nmd.2015.12.003DOI Listing
February 2016
3 Reads

Visual loss after corrective surgery for pediatric scoliosis: incidence and risk factors from a nationwide database.

Spine J 2016 Apr 5;16(4):516-22. Epub 2016 Jan 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe St, Meyer 5-185, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. Electronic address:

Background Context: Perioperative visual loss (POVL) after spinal deformity surgery is an uncommon but severe complication. Data on the incidence and risk factors of this complication after corrective surgery in the pediatric population are limited.

Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate nationwide estimates of POVL after corrective surgery for pediatric scoliosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2015.12.031DOI Listing
April 2016
11 Reads

Serial elongation-derotation-flexion casting for children with early-onset scoliosis.

World J Orthop 2015 Dec 18;6(11):935-43. Epub 2015 Dec 18.

Federico Canavese, Antoine Samba, Alain Dimeglio, Mounira Mansour, Marie Rousset, Pediatric Surgery Department, "Estaing" University Hospital, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Various early-onset spinal deformities, particularly infantile and juvenile scoliosis (JS), still pose challenges to pediatric orthopedic surgeons. The ideal treatment of these deformities has yet to emerge, as both clinicians and surgeons still face multiple challenges including preservation of thoracic motion, spine and cage, and protection of cardiac and lung growth and function. Elongation-derotation-flexion (EDF) casting is a technique that uses a custom-made thoracolumbar cast based on a three-dimensional correction concept. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v6.i11.935DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4686440PMC
December 2015
5 Reads

Serial Mehta Cast Utilization in Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis: Evaluation of Radiographic Predictors.

J Pediatr Orthop 2017 Sep;37(6):387-391

*Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA †Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center §Shriners Hospitals for Children, Chicago, IL ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

Background: Mehta cast utilization has gained a considerable momentum as a nonoperative treatment modality for the initial management of infantile idiopathic scoliosis (IIS). Despite its acceptance, there is paucity of data that characterize the radiographic parameters associated with Mehta casting and the factors correlated with a sustained curve correction.

Methods: A retrospective review of IIS patients who underwent Mehta casting was performed with a mean 2-year follow-up. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000000698DOI Listing
September 2017
18 Reads

The Vestibular-Evoked Postural Response of Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis Is Altered.

PLoS One 2015 18;10(11):e0143124. Epub 2015 Nov 18.

Faculté de médecine, Département de kinésiologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada.

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a multifactorial disorder including neurological factors. A dysfunction of the sensorimotor networks processing vestibular information could be related to spine deformation. This study investigates whether feed-forward vestibulomotor control or sensory reweighting mechanisms are impaired in adolescent scoliosis patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0143124PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4651355PMC
June 2016
4 Reads

Suprarenal Neuroblastoma Presenting in a Child With Infantile Scoliosis.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2016 Apr 17;63(4):748-9. Epub 2015 Nov 17.

Departments of Pathology and Pediatrics, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.25835DOI Listing
April 2016
2 Reads

Infantile tumoral calcinosis of the cervical spine presenting as torticollis.

Clin Imaging 2016 Jan-Feb;40(1):161-3. Epub 2015 Sep 10.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery (Division of Pediatric Orthopedics and Scoliosis), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address:

The computed tomography (CT) and MRI findings of infantile tumoral calcinosis and the utility of image-guided biopsy are demonstrated. A 5-month old presented with torticollis and a calcified cervical spinal mass. The radiologic appearance suggested a malignant neoplasm, prompting CT-guided biopsy, which diagnosed tumoral calcinosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2015.09.007DOI Listing
August 2016
4 Reads

Serial Casting for Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis: Radiographic Outcomes and Factors Associated With Response to Treatment.

J Pediatr Orthop 2017 Jul/Aug;37(5):311-316

*Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY †School of Orthopedics, University of Messina, Messina, Italy ‡Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center-Hamot, Erie §Biostatistics Consulting Center, Temple University School of Medicine ∥Shriners Hospitals for Children-Philadelphia #Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA ¶Institute for Spine & Scoliosis, Lawrenceville, NJ.

Background: Serial casting for early-onset scoliosis has been shown to improve curve deformity. Our goal was to define clinical and radiographic features that determine response to treatment.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients with idiopathic infantile scoliosis with a minimum of 2-year follow-up. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=01241398-201707000-0000
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000000654DOI Listing
November 2017
44 Reads

Adolescent spinal pain: The pediatric orthopedist's point of view.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2015 Oct 14;101(6 Suppl):S247-50. Epub 2015 Sep 14.

Service d'orthopédie pédiatrique, hôpital Robert-Debré, Paris, France.

Introduction: Ten to twenty percent of persons experience spinal pain during growth. Causes are diverse in adolescents, and it is essential to determine etiology rapidly so as to guide optimal management.

Hypothesis: It is important for the pediatric orthopedist to understand the natural history of conditions inducing spinal pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2015.06.012DOI Listing
October 2015
4 Reads