7,631 results match your criteria Scoliosis Idiopathic


Anterior Vertebral Body Growth-Modulation Tethering in Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical Technique.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

From the Université de Montréal (Dr. Parent and Dr. Shen) and Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine (Dr. Parent), Montréal, Canada.

The management of idiopathic scoliosis in the skeletally immature patient can be challenging. Posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation is indicated for severe scoliosis deformities. However, the skeletally immature patient undergoing posterior fusion and instrumentation is at risk for developing crankshaft deformities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-19-00849DOI Listing

Effectiveness and safety of surgical interventions for treating adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a Bayesian meta-analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 2;21(1):427. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Orthopedics, Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital, No.83 Zhongshan East Road, Guiyang, 550000, Guizhou, China.

Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common form of spinal deformity in children and adolescents which presents as complex three-dimensional (3D) deformity of the spine and rib cage. This study aimed to estimate the effectiveness and safety of surgical interventions for AIS using Bayesian meta-analysis.

Methods: The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials were searched through Oct 1, 2019, without language restrictions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03233-1DOI Listing

Prevalence of idiopathic scoliosis in girls with central precocious puberty: effect of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist.

Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2020 Jun 30;25(2):92-96. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common form of scoliosis and occurs in children between 10 to 18 years old, during periods of growth spurts and puberty changes. In patients with central precocious puberty (CPP), due to early growth spurt, AIS is expected to develop before 10 years of age. Both AIS and CPP are more common in girls than in boys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6065/apem.1938164.082DOI Listing

The Relationship Between 3-dimensional Spinal Alignment, Thoracic Volume, and Pulmonary Function in Surgical Correction of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A 5-year Follow-up Study.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2020 Jul;45(14):983-992

aDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, Manhattan, NY bSetting Scoliosis Straight Foundation, San Diego, CA cDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medicine, Baltimore, MD dDepartment of Neurosurgery, Shriners Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, PA eDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shriners Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, PA fDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY gDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, CA.

Study Design: Retrospective review of a prospective multicenter database.

Objective: The aim of this study was to study the effects of thoracic kyphosis (TK) restoration in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) Type 1 and 2 curves on postoperative thoracic volume (TV) and pulmonary function.

Summary Of Background Data: Surgical correction of AIS is advocated to preserve or improve pulmonary function, prevent progressive deformity and pain, and improve self-appearance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003472DOI Listing

Spinal Growth in Patients With Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis Treated With Boston Brace: A Retrospective Study.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2020 Jul;45(14):976-982

aDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, OLVG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands bDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Study Design: Retrospective comparative cohort.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether spinal growth is restricted by brace treatment in patients with juvenile idiopathic scoliosis (JIS).

Summary Of Background Data: Spinal fusion can negatively affect spinal growth if performed before the growth spurt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003435DOI Listing

Back Pain in Children and Adolescents.

Am Fam Physician 2020 Jul;102(1):19-28

Fairview Sports and Orthopedic Care, Blaine, MN, USA.

Back pain is a relatively common presenting symptom in children and adolescents. Typical causes include muscle strain or spasm, spinal deformities (e.g. Read More

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Comparative study of the use of Paediatric Quality Of Life Inventory 4.0 generic core scales in paediatric patients with spine and limb pathologies.

Bone Joint J 2020 Jul;102-B(7):890-898

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Aims: The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of paediatric patients with orthopaedic conditions and spinal deformity is important, but existing generic tools have their shortcomings. We aim to evaluate the use of Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 generic core scales in the paediatric population with specific comparisons between those with spinal and limb pathologies, and to explore the feasibility of using PedsQL for studying scoliosis patients' HRQoL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.102B7.BJJ-2019-1766.R2DOI Listing

Standing in Schroth trained position significantly changes Cobb angle and leg length discrepancy: a pilot study.

Spine Deform 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Children's Orthopedic Center, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, MS#69, Los Angeles, CA, 90027, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective.

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate if standing in a Schroth trained position influences the radiographic assessment of Cobb angle and other radiographic parameters compared to a normal standing position. Schroth method has been associated with improved Cobb angle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s43390-020-00157-7DOI Listing

The patient generated index and decision regret in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Spine Deform 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Alfred I. DuPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE, USA.

Hypothesis: AIS patients and their parents will have distinct perspectives regarding the impact of AIS on patients' lives.

Introduction: Current outcome assessment tools for AIS do not fully assess patient-specific disease impact and fail to distinguish between patient and parent perspectives. Patient Generated Index (PGI) has been used in other disease states to assess individual experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s43390-020-00155-9DOI Listing

Extreme long-term outcome of operatively versus conservatively treated patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Eur Spine J 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Forchstrasse 340, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland.

Purpose: We report on outcomes of surgically versus (vs) non-surgically treated patients with moderate adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) after minimum of 29 years.

Methods: AIS patients with a follow-up of  ≥ 41 years in the surgical group and  ≥ 29 years in the non-surgical group were included. Patients were treated surgically for primary curves  ≥ 45° vs non-surgically for curves  < 45° or refusal of surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-020-06509-1DOI Listing

Unplanned return to operation room (OR) following growing spinal constructs (GSCs) in early onset scoliosis (EOS)-a multi-centric study.

Eur Spine J 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Primus Super-Speciality Hospital, Chandragupta Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi, 110 021, India.

Purpose: To evaluate the incidence and risk factors associated with the unplanned return to OR in EOS.

Methods: Medical records of 51 patients of EOS operated at three different centres using various types of GSCs were evaluated for complications requiring unplanned surgeries. Data were analysed to find out rate of unplanned surgeries in relation to the aetiology, age and Cobb angle at index surgery, type of implant, cause of unplanned surgery, and management required. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-020-06506-4DOI Listing

Long-term pulmonary function after posterior spinal fusion in main thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

PLoS One 2020 25;15(6):e0235123. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients typically undergo surgical treatment as teenagers, follow-ups of >5 years are necessary to evaluate effects on peak pulmonary reserves. However, limited data is available regarding the long-term (>10 years) effects of surgical intervention on pulmonary function (PF) in patients with thoracic AIS.

Objective: To provide long-term (>10 years) information on the PF after posterior spinal fusion for treating main thoracic AIS. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235123PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7316251PMC

Novel Hump Measurement System With a 3D Camera for Early Diagnosis of Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Study of Accuracy and Reliability.

Cureus 2020 May 21;12(5):e8229. Epub 2020 May 21.

Orthopaedic Surgery, Juntendo Unversity, Bunkyo-ku, JPN.

Background Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a potentially progressive deformity, and early detection is crucial for timely intervention. However, the methods and criteria justifying screening for pediatric scoliosis remain controversial. We have, therefore, independently developed a Digital Moiré (DM) as a tool for scoliosis screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8229DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306634PMC

Impact of Surgery on the Quality of Life of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Iowa Orthop J 2019 ;39(2):66-72

Orthopedics Department of the North Lisbon Hospital Center, EPE; Santa Maria Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal.

Background: The impact of surgery on the quality of life of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) remains to be clarified as most of the studies are retrospective and few include quality of life questionnaires completed in the pre- and postoperative periods.

Methods: Operated patients with AIS who completed preoperative and postoperative SRS-22 questionnaires were selected for evaluation. The demographic data were collected and quality of life improvement was assessed by comparing deviation to the means with standard deviation at both moments. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047296PMC
January 2019

Evaluation of Predictors and Outcomes of Bracing with Emphasis on the Immediate Effects of in-Brace Correction in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Iowa Orthop J 2019 ;39(2):62-65

University of Iowa Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Iowa City IA USA.

Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is defined as a lateral curvature of the spine of unknown etiology with a Cobb angle of greater than 10 degrees with vertebral rotation. Bracing, specifically with a rigid thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO), decreases the risk of curve progression to over 50 degrees, the threshold for surgical intervention. Some authors have suggested that 30-50% in-brace correction of the Cobb angles is required to prevent significant curve progression. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047298PMC
January 2019

Outcomes of pregnancy in operative vs. nonoperative adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients at mean 30-year follow-up.

Spine Deform 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 200 1st St SW, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Objective: To determine whether patients who underwent surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in childhood would have an increased C-section risk in adulthood. Although the impact of scoliosis on future pregnancy and child delivery is a common question for patients and parents, there is limited data regarding pregnancy outcomes following childhood treatment of AIS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s43390-020-00158-6DOI Listing

Development: How the Reissner Fiber Keeps Our Back Straight.

Curr Biol 2020 Jun;30(12):R705-R708

Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and Centre for Neural Computation, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Olav Kyrres Gate 9, 7030 Trondheim, Norway; Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, St. Olavs University Hospital, Edvard Griegs Gate 8, 7030 Trondheim, Norway; Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Erling Skjalgssons Gate 1, 7030 Trondheim, Norway. Electronic address:

Two new studies elegantly identify a missing link between idiopathic scoliosis and the Reissner fiber. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.04.073DOI Listing

Comparison of surgical correction rates between titanium and cobalt-chrome-alloy as rod materials in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 22;10(1):10053. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, 1342, Dongil-Ro, Nowon-Gu, Seoul, 01757, Republic of Korea.

Numerous biomechanical studies comparing titanium (Ti) and cobalt-chrome-alloy (CCM) rods are described in the literature. However, there is a dearth of literature comparing the two rod materials in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Therefore, the purpose of this study is to compare the correction rates of Ti and CCM rods in the treatment of AIS with double major curves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66975-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7308381PMC

Analysis of scoliosis deformation in the Zebris computer study as an assessment of the effectiveness of the FED method in the treatment of idiopathic scolioses.

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2020 Jun;48(285):174-178

Orthopaedic-Rehabilitation Centre for Children and Youth in Chylice, Mazovian Center of Rehabilitation "STOCER", Konstancin-Jeziorna, Poland.

Idiopathic scoliosis is one of the most difficult problems of contemporary orthopaedics and physiotherapy, and its unknown etiology hinders initiation of effective causative therapy. A tendency for progression of scoliosis, and failure of many conservative treatment methods stimulated a search for new and more effective methods which will not only stop a progress of the deformation, but actually correct it. The FED method is a relatively new, but promising method used for conservative treatment of idiopathic scoliosis. Read More

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Is daily walking distance affected in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? An original prospective study using the pedometer on smartphones.

Arch Pediatr 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Sorbonne Médecine University, Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Armand Trousseau Hospital, 26, avenue du Dr Arnold Netter, 75571 Paris cedex 12, France; University of Toulouse, Paul Sabatier, Department of Orthopedics, Children's Hospital, CHU de Toulouse, France. Electronic address:

Background Data: Little is known about daily walking distance levels, which accounts for approximately 80% of overall physical activity per day, in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the level of walking distance in AIS treated by bracing or not, comparing this activity with that of a control group. We used an original method based on smartphone pedometers for studying walking distance in everyday life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2020.04.002DOI Listing

Correction to: Is Cutibacterium acnes early surgical site infection rate related to the duration of antibiotic prophylaxis in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery?

Eur Spine J 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Pediatric Orthopedic Department, Robert Debré University Hospital, Paris Diderot University, 48 Boulevard sérurier, 75019, Paris, France.

Unfortunately, the authors first name and family name were incorrectly swapped in the original publication. The complete correct names of the author group is given below. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-020-06497-2DOI Listing

Operative time in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery: a need for a standard definition.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Mercy Hospital.

Our objective is to report and define 'operative time' in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) posterior spinal fusion surgeries. Documenting key times during surgery are important to compare operative risks, assess learning curves, and evaluate team efficiency in AIS surgery. 'Operative time' in literature has not been standardized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPB.0000000000000754DOI Listing

Upregulation of cGMP-dependent Protein Kinase (PRKG1) in the Development of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Orthop Surg 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of spine surgery, Shanghai Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To explore the molecular regulatory mechanisms underlying fibroblast differentiation and dysfunction in the development of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in an effort to identify candidate therapeutic targets for AIS.

Methods: The GSE110359 dataset, obtained from the bone marrow stromal cells of 12 AIS patients and five healthy controls, was retrieved from the GEO database. The data were preprocessed and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/os.12694DOI Listing

Characterization of progressive changes in pedicle morphometry and neurovascular anatomy during growth in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis versus adolescents without scoliosis.

Spine Deform 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Biomechanics and Spine Research Group, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation at Centre for Children's Health Research, Queensland University of Technology and Mater Health Services, Level 5, 62 Graham Street, South Brisbane, QLD, 4101, Australia.

Study Design: Prospective cohort study.

Objectives: Investigate the progressive changes in pedicle morphometry and the spatial relationship between the pedicles and neurovascular structures in patients with AIS during growth. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a complex three-dimensional spine deformity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s43390-020-00160-yDOI Listing

Magnetically controlled growing rods in early onset scoliosis: radiological results, outcome, and complications in a series of 22 patients.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Introduction: Magnetically controlled growing rods (MCGR) for the surgical treatment of early onset scoliosis (EOS) allow non-invasive outpatient based distractions during spinal growth. The purpose of this study is to present the results of a single center case series of 22 patients, evaluate the effect of MCGR treatment on the development of spino-pelvic parameters during growth, and report initial outcomes after end of treatment.

Materials And Methods: Prospectively collected data of 22 EOS patients with MCGR treatment has been analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-020-03518-zDOI Listing

Bronchus Intermedius Compression from Idiopathic Thoracic Scoliosis.

Anesthesiology 2020 Jul;133(1):195

From the Department of Anesthesia, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000003311DOI Listing

Sublaminar fixation versus hooks and pedicle screws in scoliosis surgery for Marfan syndrome.

J Craniovertebr Junction Spine 2020 Jan-Mar;11(1):26-30. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Spine Surgery Unit, Orthopaedic and Trauma Centre, Cittá della Salute e della Scienza, Turin, Italy.

Background: In patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS), surgical correction of spinal deformities with hooks and/or pedicle screws involves a higher rate of complications than in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Therefore, sublaminar instrumentation is often a last resort option. This study wants to assess the ability of sublaminar fixation to achieve three-dimensional scoliosis correction and spine stabilization compared with hook and/or pedicle screw systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_12_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7274359PMC

Altered physiology of mesenchymal stem cells in the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

World J Clin Cases 2020 Jun;8(11):2102-2110

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 49241, South Korea.

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common spinal deformity during puberty, especially in females. It is characterized by aberrant skeletal growth and generalized reduced bone density, which is associated with impaired bone mineral metabolism. Despite recent progress in multidisciplinary research to support various hypotheses, the pathogenesis of Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is still not clearly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v8.i11.2102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7281031PMC

Effect of Schroth Rehabilitation Exercise Program on Scoliometer Readings, Lumbar Lordosis and Calcaneal Valgus Angle in Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Iran J Public Health 2020 Apr;49(4):808-809

Department of Physical Education, Busan National University of Education, Busan 47503, South Korea.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7283169PMC

The implant density does not change the correction rate of the main and the accompanying curves: A comparison between consecutive and intermittent pedicle screw constructs.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020 May;54(3):293-299

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, TOBB University Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and the coronal correction rate of the main and accompanying curves of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) corrected with pedicle screws inserted consecutively or intermittently.

Methods: The prospectively collected data of 60 patients (8 men and 52 women; mean age: 14.6±2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/j.aott.2020.03.16DOI Listing

[Conservative and surgical treatment of idiopathic scoliosis].

Orthopade 2020 Jul;49(7):635-646

Klinik für Kinderorthopädie und Kindertraumatologie, Helios Klinikum Emil von Behring, Walterhöferstr. 11, 14165, Berlin, Deutschland.

Idiopathic scoliosis is the largest group of all forms of scoliosis in the growth phase accounting for 80-90%. A distinction is made between idiopathic infantile (0-3 years), juvenile (4-10 years) and adolescent scoliosis (>10 years), depending on the age when scoliosis appears. The treatment depends on the skeletal age, the Cobb angle and the progression behavior of scoliosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00132-020-03928-2DOI Listing

Clinical Outcomes of Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery: Is There a Difference Between Young Adult Patients and Adolescent Patients?

Cureus 2020 May 14;12(5):e8118. Epub 2020 May 14.

Orthopedics, Texas Back Institute, Plano, USA.

Background Surgical outcomes of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients have been well studied. However, few studies have examined the surgical outcomes of young adult idiopathic scoliosis (YAdIS) patients. This study analyzed and compared the surgical outcomes of young adult (19-30 years) and adolescent (10-18 years) idiopathic scoliosis patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292702PMC

Morphological Differences between the Pedicles in Nondystrophic Scoliosis Secondary to Neurofibromatosis Type 1 and Those in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

World Neurosurg 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Institute of Spinal Deformity, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450000, P. R. China. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the pedicle morphology of nondystrophic scoliosis secondary to neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1-S) and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using computed tomography (CT) in a consistent classification system.

Methods: The transverse pedicle widths of cancellous and cortical channels were measured using preoperative spinal CT images (T1-L5) and then classified as having type A to E pedicles; type B, C, D, and E pedicles were regarded as abnormal. A subset of these patients, a postoperative CT was performed to evaluate the accuracy of pedicle screw placement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.06.036DOI Listing

Feasibility of Proxy-Reported EQ-5D-3L-Y and Its Agreement in Self-reported EQ-5D-3L-Y for Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2020 Jul;45(13):E799-E807

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Study Design: Prospective cohort study.

Objective: To compare feasibility of self-reported and proxy-reported youth version of EuroQoL Five-Dimension Three-Level Questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L-Y), to estimate the agreement of health outcome between patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and their proxies, and to examine factors that may affect patient-proxy agreement.

Summary Of Background Data: The EQ-5D-3L-Y questionnaire has both self-reported and proxy-reported versions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003431DOI Listing

Changes in Cervical Spinal Alignment After Thoracolumbar Corrective Surgery in Adult Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2020 Jul;45(13):877-883

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Study Design: Case-control study.

Objective: To examine factors influencing cervical alignment after corrective surgery for adult patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AdIS) SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Corrective surgery for spinal deformity influences postoperative cervical spinal alignment, but changes in the cervical alignment in adults with AdIS are scarcely reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003410DOI Listing

Casting in infantile idiopathic scoliosis as a temporising measure: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

SAGE Open Med 2020 26;8:2050312120925339. Epub 2020 May 26.

Service of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Department of Child and Adolescent, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Objective: Treatment of infantile idiopathic scoliosis remains vague. Because implantation of temporary telescopic devices carries a high risk of complications, interest in the older technique of serial casting is growing as a temporising measure before invasive procedures. The goal of this review was to meta-analyse studies examining the effect and safety of casting in infantile idiopathic scoliosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312120925339DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268564PMC

Impact of lowest instrumented vertebra tilt and rotation on uninstrumented lumbar curve and L4 tilt in thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

J Neurosurg Spine 2020 Jun 12:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido University Hospital.

Objective: Controversy exists regarding the effects of lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) tilt and rotation on uninstrumented lumbar segments in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery. Because the intraoperative LIV tilt from the inferior endplate of the LIV to the superior sacral endplate is not stable after surgery, the authors measured the LIV angle of the instrumented thoracic spine as the LIV angle of the construct. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the LIV angle of the construct and the effects of LIV rotation on the postoperative uninstrumented lumbar curve and L4 tilt in patients with thoracic AIS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2020.4.SPINE191297DOI Listing

Correction to: Opioid prescribing practices after posterior spinal arthrodesis for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Spine Deform 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, 601 N. Caroline Street, Baltimore, MD, JHOC 5223, 21287, USA.

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s43390-020-00152-yDOI Listing

Surgical Scoliosis Correction in Chiari-I Malformation with Syringomyelia Versus Idiopathic Syringomyelia.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Graduate School of Peking Union Medical College, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Both patients with Chiari-I malformation (CIM) with syringomyelia and those with idiopathic syringomyelia (ISm) have a syrinx and can have scoliosis as well. However, there is no literature regarding differences between CIM and ISm in terms of radiographic outcomes and surgical complications after posterior fusion, to our knowledge. The aim of the present study was to compare radiographic features, clinical outcomes, and surgical complications after posterior spinal fusion between patients with CIM-associated scoliosis and those with ISm-associated scoliosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.20.00058DOI Listing

ALG12-CDG: An unusual patient without intellectual disability and facial dysmorphism, and with a novel variant.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2020 Jun 12:e1304. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Servicio de Hematología y Oncología Médica, Hospital Universitario Morales Meseguer, Centro Regional de Hemodonación, CIBERER, Universidad de Murcia, IMIB-Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain.

Background: Congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG) type I is a group of rare disorders caused by recessive mutations in up to 25 genes that impair the N-glycan precursor formation and its transfer to proteins resulting in hypoglycosylation of multiple proteins. Congenital disorder of glycosylation causes multisystem defects usually with psychomotor delay that is diagnosed in the infancy. We aim to supply further evidences supporting that CDG may be underestimated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mgg3.1304DOI Listing

Controversies with nonoperative management for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Study from the APSS Scoliosis Focus Group.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2020 Jan-Apr;28(2):2309499020930291

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan.

Purpose: To determine consensus among Asia-Pacific surgeons regarding nonoperative management for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Methods: An online REDCap questionnaire was circulated to surgeons in the Asia-Pacific region during the period of July 2019 to September 2019 to inquire about various components of nonoperative treatment for AIS. Aspects under study included access to screening, when MRIs were obtained, quality-of-life assessments used, role of scoliosis-specific exercises, bracing criteria, type of brace used, maturity parameters used, brace wear regimen, follow-up criteria, and how braces were weaned. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499020930291DOI Listing

Response to letter to editor regarding "Core stabilization exercises versus scoliosis-specific exercises in moderate idiopathic scoliosis treatment" by Yagci and Yakut (2019).

Prosthet Orthot Int 2020 Jun 11:309364620927613. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0309364620927613DOI Listing

Evaluation of a new apparatus combining a mobile device and hand-held roller for the detection of spinal deformities: association with the sum of the right and left angles of trunk inclination.

Eur Spine J 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Asahikawa Medical University, 2-1-1-1, Midorigaoka-Higashi, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, 078-8510, Japan.

Purpose: To investigate the intra- and inter-observer reliabilities of the newly developed i-Scolioroller for scoliosis screening, and to determine the optimal i-Scolioroller measurement cutoff values for identifying adolescent scoliosis with a Cobb angle ≥ 20°.

Methods: The i-Scolioroller displays the right- and left-side maximum inclination angle (Rmax, Lmax) during the forward bending test (FBT), as well as the angle of trunk inclination (ATI, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-020-06492-7DOI Listing

Letter to the Editor concerning "Safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive scoliosis surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a retrospective case series of 84 patients" by Yang JH, et al. (Eur Spine J; [2020] 29:761-769).

Eur Spine J 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Orthopaedics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-020-06487-4DOI Listing
June 2020
2.473 Impact Factor

Back pain in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis: the contribution of morphological and psychological factors.

Eur Spine J 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

McGill Scoliosis and Spine Research Group, Montreal, Canada.

Purpose: To define the relationship between 3D radiological features, psychological factors, and back pain prevalence and intensity in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Methods: Consecutive AIS patients answered self-reported questionnaires and underwent simultaneous posterior-anterior and lateral scans of the spine (EOS Imaging, Paris, France). 3D reconstructions of the spine and pelvis reported 18 parameters in the coronal, sagittal, and axial plane. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-020-06489-2DOI Listing

Severe adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: posterior staged correction using a temporary magnetically-controlled growing rod.

Eur Spine J 2020 Jun 6. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Orthopedic Clinic, Ospedale San Martino, Genova, Italy.

Purpose: A two-staged posterior correction, using a temporary magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR), was employed to gradually and safely correct severe adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The aim of the study is illustrating the results of this procedure.

Methods: A retrospective review of a consecutive series of 17 severe AIS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-020-06483-8DOI Listing

Visual Verticality Perception in Spinal Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Clin Med 2020 Jun 3;9(6). Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Paraje Las Lagunillas s/n, 23071 Jaén, Spain.

Patients diagnosed with traumatic or non-traumatic spinal pain and idiopathic scoliosis frequently suffer from imbalance. The evaluation of the perception of verticality by means of visual tests emerges as a quick and easy tool for clinical management of the balance disorders. Several studies have assessed the visual perception of verticality in spinal diseases obtaining controversial results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061725DOI Listing

The Effect of Spinopelvic Parameters on the Development of Proximal Junctional Kyphosis in Early Onset: Mean 4.5-Year Follow-up.

J Pediatr Orthop 2020 Jul;40(6):261-266

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, IWK Health Centre, Halifax, NS.

Background: Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) is a major complication after posterior spinal surgery. It is diagnosed radiographically based on a proximal junctional angle (PJA) and clinically when proximal extension is required. We hypothesized that abnormal spinopelvic alignment will increase the risk of PJK in children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001516DOI Listing

A randomised controlled trial of fibrinogen concentrate during scoliosis surgery.

Anaesthesia 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Anesthesiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China.

Bleeding and blood transfusion are common after scoliosis surgery. Fibrinogen is essential for blood clot formation and depletes quickly during haemorrhage. We randomly allocated 102 children 12-18 years old having surgery for idiopathic scoliosis, 51 to intra-operative fibrinogen concentrate 30 mg. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anae.15124DOI Listing

Severe persistent coronal imbalance following instrumented posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Spine Deform 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective case-control study.

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impact of severe (> 4 cm) post-operative coronal imbalance at 2 years following posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Coronal imbalance is an unfavorable outcome following PSF for AIS, though the degree of imbalance in such patients is typically mild. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s43390-020-00153-xDOI Listing