270 results match your criteria Scoliosis [Journal]


Gravity-induced coronal plane joint moments in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 17;10:35. Epub 2015 Dec 17.

Paediatric Spine Research Group, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology and Mater Health Services, Brisbane, 4101 Queensland Australia.

Background: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis is the most common type of spinal deformity, and whilst the isk of progression appears to be biomechanically mediated (larger deformities are more likely to progress), the detailed biomechanical mechanisms driving progression are not well understood. Gravitational forces in the upright position are the primary sustained loads experienced by the spine. In scoliosis they are asymmetrical, generating moments about the spinal joints which may promote asymmetrical growth and deformity progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0060-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4682283PMC
December 2015
5 Reads

Fasting total ghrelin levels are increased in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 30;10:33. Epub 2015 Nov 30.

Pediatric Orthopaedics Unit, Children Hospital, CHU de Toulouse, France ; Biomechanics Laboratory, Paul-Sabatier University, Toulouse, France.

Background: A control study was designed to investigate circulating Ghrelin levels in adolescent girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and controls. Eating behavioral disorders, endocrine disorders, abnormal growth pattern and osteopenia have been well documented in AIS. Ghrelin is an orexigenic hormone produced by the stomach which reflects body weight changes and stimulates growth hormone secretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0054-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4666062PMC
December 2015
9 Reads

Early weaning in idiopathic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 19;10:32. Epub 2015 Nov 19.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Oslo University Hospital, PB 4959, Nydalen, Oslo N-0424 Norway.

Background: Many years of bracing represent a burden to the patients. Early weaning may be the result of poor compliance, but may also be planned in patients with a long expected treatment time and a reduced stable primary curve during bracing. The aim of the present cohort study was to compare curve size, health related quality of life and surgical rates at long-term follow-up after ordinary bracing, planned and unplanned early weaning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0059-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4652388PMC
November 2015
7 Reads

Post-operative shoulder imbalance in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a study of clinical photographs.

Scoliosis 2015 17;10:31. Epub 2015 Nov 17.

Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala India.

Study Design: Retrospective observational study.

Objective: To assess what features determine post-operative shoulder asymmetry in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS).

Summary Of Background Data: Shoulder balance is one of the major determinants of the cosmetic outcomes of AIS surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0055-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4650280PMC
November 2015
11 Reads

Risk factors for rod fracture after posterior correction of adult spinal deformity with osteotomy: a retrospective case-series.

Scoliosis 2015 4;10:30. Epub 2015 Nov 4.

Department of Orthopedics, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, 12631 E. 17th Avenue B202, Aurora, CO 80045 USA.

Background: Osteotomies including pedicle subtraction (PSO) and/or Smith-Peterson (SPO) are used to facilitate surgical correction of adult spinal deformity (ASD), but are associated with complications including instrumentation failure and rod fracture (RF). The purpose of this study was to determine incidence and risk factors for RF, including a clinically significant subset (CSRF), after osteotomy for ASD.

Methods: A retrospective review of clinical records was conducted on consecutive ASD patients treated with posterolateral instrumented fusion and osteotomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0056-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4634788PMC
November 2015
1 Read

Patient-reported side effects immediately after chiropractic scoliosis treatment: a cross-sectional survey utilizing a practice-based research network.

Scoliosis 2015 5;10:29. Epub 2015 Oct 5.

CLEAR Scoliosis Institute, 437 North 33rd Ave, Saint Cloud, MN 56303 USA.

Background: Concern exists regarding the potential for chiropractic treatment to cause adverse effects in individuals with scoliosis. The aim of this paper is to present the self-reported responses of 189 scoliosis patients over 3198 unique visits, collected over one calendar year from nine chiropractic clinics, regarding how they felt and the side effects they experienced immediately after chiropractic treatment.

Methods: Thirty six private chiropractic clinics specializing in the treatment of scoliosis were asked to participate in a prospective study regarding the side-effects of the chiropractic treatment of scoliosis; 9 agreed to participate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0053-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4594736PMC
October 2015
3 Reads

Use of Tranexamic Acid (TXA) on reducing blood loss during scoliosis surgery in Chinese adolescents.

Scoliosis 2015 5;10:28. Epub 2015 Oct 5.

Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.

Background: Many reports had been received on the application of antifibrinolytic medications on spinal corrective surgery and the surgical outcome evaluations of its efficacy on reducing blood loss. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing operative blood loss during posterior spinal fusion for the treatment of severe adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out on 90 (TXA = 55, Control = 35) AIS girls undergoing posterior spinal surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0052-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4593193PMC
October 2015
4 Reads

The effect of Schroth exercises added to the standard of care on the quality of life and muscle endurance in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis-an assessor and statistician blinded randomized controlled trial: "SOSORT 2015 Award Winner".

Scoliosis 2015 18;10:24. Epub 2015 Sep 18.

University of Alberta, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, Canada.

Background: In North America, care recommendations for adolescents with small idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) curves include observation or bracing. Schroth scoliosis-specific exercises have demonstrated promising results on various outcomes in uncontrolled studies. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to determine the effect of Schroth exercises combined with the standard of care on quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes and back muscle endurance (BME) compared to standard of care alone in patients with AIS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0048-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4582716PMC
September 2015
15 Reads

Laser triangulation measurements of scoliotic spine curvatures.

Scoliosis 2015 1;10:25. Epub 2015 Sep 1.

University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Aškerčeva 6, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Background: The main purpose of this research was to develop a new method for differentiating between scoliotic and healthy subjects by analysing the curvatures of their spines in the cranio-caudal view.

Methods: The study included 247 subjects with physiological curvatures of the spine and 28 subjects with clinically confirmed scoliosis. The curvature of the spine was determined by a computer analysis of the surface of the back, measured with a non-invasive, 3D, laser-triangulation system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0050-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4556047PMC
September 2015
1 Read

Surgical results with the use of Silicated Calcium Phosphate (SiCaP) as bone graft substitute in Posterior Spinal Fusion (PSF) for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS).

Scoliosis 2015 21;10:27. Epub 2015 Aug 21.

Spinal Deformity Unit, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Brockley Hill-Stanmore, Middlesex HA7 4LP UK.

Background: The gold standard iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) used to achieve arthrodesis in spinal fusions is not without complications (donor-site morbidity, iliac wing fractures etc.…). Our objectives were to evaluate the role of silicated calcium phosphate (SiCaP), an osteoconductive synthetic bone graft substitute in conjunction with locally harvested autologous bone in achieving arthrodesis following posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and report clinic-radiological results / adverse events with its use in a prospective single surgeon case series (Level of evidence [LoE] IV) treated by low implant density index (IDI) constructs (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0051-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4545986PMC
August 2015
6 Reads

Research quality in scoliosis conservative treatment: state of the art.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10:21. Epub 2015 Jul 11.

Deparment of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy ; IRCCS Fondazione Don Gnocchi, Milan, Italy.

The publication of research in the field of conservative treatment of scoliosis is increasing after a long period of progressive decline. In 2014, three high quality and scientifically sound papers gave new strength to the conservative scoliosis approach. The efficacy of treatment over observation was demonstrated by two RCTs for bracing, and one for scoliosis-specific exercises provided by a physical therapist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0046-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4537531PMC
August 2015
3 Reads

Scoliosis-Specific exercises can reduce the progression of severe curves in adult idiopathic scoliosis: a long-term cohort study.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10:20. Epub 2015 Jul 11.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy ; IRCCS Fondazione Don Gnocchi, Milan, Italy.

Background: Scoliosis fusion surgery is generally considered the only means to stop the progression of adult idiopathic scoliosis (ADIS), but for patients refusing surgery there is lack of evidence in favour of conservative treatment. The aim of the present study was to verify the possible effectiveness of scoliosis-specific exercises when facing ADIS progression.

Methods: We designed a retrospective cohort study. Read More

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http://scoliosisjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0044-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4537533PMC
August 2015
34 Reads

SOSORT Award Winner 2015: a multicentre study comparing the SPoRT and ART braces effectiveness according to the SOSORT-SRS recommendations.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10:23. Epub 2015 Aug 11.

Brescia University, Brescia, Italy ; Fondazione Don Gnocchi, Brescia, Italy.

Background: Data comparing different braces for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are scant. The SRS criteria represent some guidelines for comparing results from different studies, but controlled studies are much more reliable. Recently, super-rigid braces have been introduced in clinical practice with the aim of replacing Risser and EDF casts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0049-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4532257PMC
August 2015
8 Reads

Health-related quality-of-life in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients 25 years after treatment.

Scoliosis 2015 16;10:22. Epub 2015 Jul 16.

Sector for Spine Surgery & Research, Middelfart Hospital Denmark, Ostre Hougvej 55, 5500 Middelfart, DK Denmark.

Background: Since 1962 to the mid eighties the Harrington Rod instrumentation was the Golden standard for surgical treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). The Boston braces were introduced in the 1970´s and are still used as a conservative treatment, for curves less than 40°. Very few long-term studies exists, focusing on the health related quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0045-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4502518PMC
July 2015
3 Reads

Analytical comparison study of the clinical and radiological outcome of spine fixation using posterolateral, posterior lumber interbody and transforaminal lumber interbody spinal fixation techniques to treat lumber spine degenerative disc disease.

Scoliosis 2015 27;10:17. Epub 2015 May 27.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid-Amman Street, P.O.box 3030, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: Degenerative disc disease is a common cause of chronic and disabling back pain that requires surgical intervention, posterolateral and posterior instrumental fixation (PLF), posterior lumber interbody fusion (PLIF) and transforaminal lumber interbody fusion (TLIF) are the techniques used to deal with such a problem.

Objective: To compare the clinical and radiological outcome of the variable surgical techniques used to deal with Lumber degenerative disc disease and to recommend the technique of choice.

Methods: 120 patients were treated between 2003 and 2010 at king Abdullah university hospital for lumber disc disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0040-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4487990PMC
July 2015
1 Read
1 Citation

Relationship between bone density and bone metabolism in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 12;10:19. Epub 2015 Jun 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

Several authors have confirmed that 27 to 38 % of AIS patients had osteopenia. But few studies have assessed bone metabolism in AIS. This study assessed bone mineral density and bone metabolism in AIS patients using the bone metabolism markers, BAP and TRAP5b. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0043-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4464881PMC
June 2015
9 Reads

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and spinal fusion do not substantially impact on postural balance.

Scoliosis 2015 9;10:18. Epub 2015 Jun 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sint Maartenskliniek, Nijmegen, The Netherlands ; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, VU university medical centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: The spinal curvature in patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) causes an asymmetry of upper body postural alignment, which might affect postural balance. However, the currently available studies on balance in AIS patients are not consistent. Furthermore, it is not known whether potential deficits are similar between patients with single and double curves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0042-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4459442PMC
June 2015
5 Reads

Scoliosis Research Society members attitudes towards physical therapy and physiotherapeutic scoliosis specific exercises for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 27;10:16. Epub 2015 May 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115 USA.

Background: Attitudes regarding non-operative treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) may be changing with the publication of BRAiST. Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercises (PSSE) are used to treat AIS, but high-quality evidence is limited. The purpose of this study is to assess the attitudes of members of the Scoliosis Research Society towards PSSE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0041-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4459052PMC
June 2015
7 Reads

"Bone-οn-Bone" surgical reconstruction of moderate severity, flexible single curve adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: continuing improvements of the technique and results in three scoliosis centers after almost twenty years of use.

Scoliosis 2015 24;10:10. Epub 2015 Mar 24.

Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation University Hospital Collegium Medicum Jagiellonian University, Zakopane, Poland.

The "bone-on-bone" reconstruction for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is reviewed in this article. Extensive use over the past 18 years has identified it's functional benefits outstanding clinical results, and very limited complications. This is an extensive update of it's application, since it's introduction, 18 years ago. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0032-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4440536PMC
May 2015
15 Reads

Axial pullout strength comparison of different screw designs: fenestrated screw, dual outer diameter screw and standard pedicle screw.

Scoliosis 2015 1;10:15. Epub 2015 May 1.

Asklepios Klinik Lindenlohe, Schwandorf, Germany.

Background: The pullout strength of pedicle screws is influenced by many factors, including diameter of the screws, implant design, and augmentation with bone cement such as PMMA. In the present study, the pullout strength of an innovative fenestrated screw augmented with PMMA was investigated and was compared to unaugmented fenestrated, standard and dual outer diameter screw.

Methods: Twenty four thoracolumbar vertebrae (T10-L5, age 60 to 70 years) from three cadavers were implanted with the four different pedicle screws. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0039-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4422437PMC
May 2015
5 Reads

Complications associated with surgical repair of syndromic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 23;10:14. Epub 2015 Apr 23.

Orthopaedic Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, USA.

Background: There are a number of syndromes that have historically been associated with scoliosis e.g.: Marfan, Down, and Neurofibromatosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0035-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4422098PMC
May 2015
3 Reads

Relationship between bone density and bone metabolism in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 19;10. Epub 2015 Mar 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yokohama City University, 3-9 Fukuura Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0004 Japan.

Several authors have confirmed that 27 to 38% of AIS patients had osteopenia. But few studies have assessed bone metabolism in AIS. This study assessed bone mineral density and bone metabolism in AIS patients using the bone metabolism markers, BAP and TRAP5b. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0033-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4422325PMC
May 2015
4 Reads

Efficacy of the Osaka Medical College (OMC) brace in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis following Scoliosis Research Society brace studies criteria.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10:12. Epub 2015 Apr 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nozaki Higashi Hospital, Miyazaki, Japan.

Background: The efficacy of brace treatment for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) remains controversial. To make comparisons among studies more valid and reliable, the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) has standardized criteria for brace studies in patients with AIS. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the Osaka Medical College (OMC) brace for AIS in accordance with the modified standardized criteria proposed by the SRS committee on bracing and non-operative management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0036-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4415349PMC
May 2015
5 Reads

Ultrasound-assisted brace casting for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, IRSSD Best research paper 2014.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10:13. Epub 2015 Apr 11.

Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7 Canada.

Background: Brace treatment is the most effective non-surgical treatment for AIS. High initial in-brace correction increases successful brace treatment outcomes. The objective of this study was to investigate if real-time ultrasound (US) can aid orthotists in selecting the pad pressure level and location resulting in optimal in-brace correction of the spine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0037-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4399410PMC
April 2015
10 Reads

Predictive factors of Osaka Medical College (OMC) brace treatment in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 10;10:11. Epub 2015 Apr 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nozaki Higashi Hospital, Miyazaki, Japan.

Background: Factors influencing clinical course of brace treatment apply to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients remain unclear. By making clear them, we may select suitable patients for brace treatment and alleviate overtreatment. The purpose of this study was to explore predictive factors of Osaka Medical College (OMC) brace treatment for AIS patients in accordance with the modified standardized criteria proposed by the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) committee on bracing and non-operative management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0038-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4395903PMC
April 2015
2 Reads

Physical activities of Patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS): preliminary longitudinal case-control study historical evaluation of possible risk factors.

Scoliosis 2015 18;10. Epub 2015 Feb 18.

Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen's Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, UK.

To our knowledge there are no publications that have evaluated physical activities in relation to the etiopathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) other than sports scolioses. In a preliminary longitudinal case-control study, mother and child were questioned and the children examined by one observer. The aim of the study was to examine possible risk factors for AIS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0029-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4393567PMC
April 2015
4 Reads

Reliability study for the Rib Index in chest radiographs of a control group.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S9. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

1st Department of Orthopaedics, University of Athens, Medical School, University General Hospital "Attikon", Chaidari, Athens 12462, Greece.

Background: The Rib Index, (RI), extracted from the double rib contour sign (DRCS) on lateral spinal radiographs to evaluate rib hump deformity, (RHD), in idiopathic scoliosis, (IS), patients, has been previously introduced. Although various papers using the RI have been published, no study on its reproducibility has been reported. The aim of this report is to estimate the variations of the RI in a number of a pair set of lateral chest radiographs (LCRs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331769PMC
May 2015
3 Reads

Significance of peak height velocity as a predictive factor for curve progression in patients with idiopathic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S5. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Scoliosis Center, Medical Scanning Tokyo, Tokyo, 103-0027, Japan.

Background: Much attention has been paid to peak height velocity (PHV) as a possible predictor of curve progression in patients with idiopathic scoliosis (IS). The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the magnitude of the Cobb angle at PHV and scoliosis progression, defined as having surgery prior to skeletal maturity in female patients with IS.

Methods: A retrospective review identified 56 skeletally immature female IS patients who were followed until maturity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331765PMC
May 2015
2 Reads

Radiological assessment of shoulder balance following posterior spinal fusion for thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S18. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka 534-0021, Japan.

Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate shoulder balance following posterior spinal fusion for thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Methods: Twenty-four patients (22 females) with thoracic AIS who had undergone posterior fusion with segmental pedicle screws were retrospectively reviewed. The mean follow-up duration was 29 (range, 24-55) months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331736PMC
May 2015
3 Reads

Mid- and long-term clinical outcomes of corrective fusion surgery which did not achieve sufficient pelvic incidence minus lumbar lordosis value for adult spinal deformity.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S17. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wajokai Eniwa Hospital, 2-1-1 Koganechuo, Eniwa, Hokkaido 061-1449, Japan.

Background: Recent studies have demonstrated sagittal spinal balance was more important than coronal balance in terms of clinical result of surgery for adult spinal deformity. Notably, Schwab reported that one of the target spinopelvic parameters for corrective surgery was that pelvic incidence (PI) minus lumbar lordosis (LL) should be within +/- 10 °. The present study aimed to investigate whether the clinical outcome of corrective fusion surgery was really poor for patients who could not acquire sufficient PI-LL value through the surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331735PMC
May 2015
4 Reads

Comparison of biomechanical behavior between a cast material torso jacket and a polyethylene based jacket.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S15. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, WI, USA.

Background: Numerous designs are used to the treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis. For example, a Thoraco-Lumbo-Sacral Orthosis (TLSO) is constructed using Polyethylene (PE). In addition, a series of castings has been implemented using cast material (3M, BSN Medical). Read More

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http://scoliosisjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331733PMC
May 2015
7 Reads

A new corrective technique for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: convex manipulation using 6.35 mm diameter pure titanium rod followed by concave fixation using 6.35 mm diameter titanium alloy.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S14. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.

Background: It has been thought that corrective posterior surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) should be started on the concave side because initial convex manipulation would increase the risk of vertebral malrotation, worsening the rib hump. With the many new materials, implants, and manipulation techniques (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331732PMC
May 2015
4 Reads

Prescriptive analytics applied to brace treatment for AIS: a pilot demonstration.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S13. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Electrical & Computer Engineering Department, University of Alberta, 9107 116 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6V 2V4 ; Rehabilitation Research & Technology, Alberta Health Services, 10105 112 Ave, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T5G 0H1.

Background: Prescriptive analytics is a concept combining statistical and computer sciences to prescribe an optimal course of action, based on predictions of possible future events. In this simulation study we investigate using prescriptive analytics to recommend optimal in-brace corrections for braced Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients. The objectives were to estimate the efficacy of these recommendations, ultimately working toward improved brace design protocols. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331731PMC
May 2015
4 Reads

Which is the best schedule of autologous blood storage for preoperative adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients?

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S11. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Background: It is critically important for AIS patients to avoid perioperative allogeneic blood transfusions. Toward this aim, many institutes use autologous blood storage to perform perioperative transfusions. However, there is no standard timeline for collecting blood for storage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S11DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331728PMC
May 2015
1 Read

Measurement of axial vertebral rotation using three-dimensional ultrasound images.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S7. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada ; Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Background: Axial vertebral rotation (AVR) is one of the important parameters to evaluate the severity and predict the progression of scoliosis. However, the AVR measurements on radiographs may underestimate its actual value. This pilot study investigated a new three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound method to measure AVR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331767PMC
May 2015
1 Read

Differences between pre-existing type and de novo type left convex thoracolumbar / lumbar scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S6. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital, Minami-Koshigaya, Koshigaya, Saitama, Japan.

Background: Lenke 5C type adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with a Cobb angle of over 30 degrees has high risk of progression. The need for corrective surgeries for degenerative lumbar scoliosis has been increasing these days and some of those cases are pre-existing type scoliosis. However, it is said to be difficult to differentiate pre-existing type scoliosis from de novo type scoliosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331766PMC
May 2015
2 Reads

Effectiveness of brace treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S12. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, 1981 Kamoda, Kawagoe, Saitama, 350-8550 Japan.

Objectives: Effectiveness of brace treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) was demonstrated by the BrAIST study in 2013. Objectives of this study were to confirm its effectiveness by analyzing our results and to clarify the factors affecting the results of the treatment.

Materials And Methods: According to the Scoliosis Research Society AIS brace studies standardization criteria, patients with age 10 years or older, Risser 0 to II, less than 1 year post-menarche, curve magnitude 25 to 40 degrees before brace treatment and who received no prior treatment were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331729PMC
May 2015
4 Reads

Rib hump deformity assessment using the rib index in adolescent idiopathic scoliotics treated with full screw or hybrid constructs: aetiological implications.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S10. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

1st Department of Orthopaedics, University of Athens, Medical School, University General Hospital ATTIKON, Chaidari, Athens 12462, Greece.

Background: Review of literature reveals that in Idiopathic Scoliosis (IS) children, the post-operative rib hump (RH) correction using full transpedicular screw construct has never been compared to hybrid constructs, applying the Rib-Index (RI) method. Therefore the aim of this report is to study which of the above two constructs offers better postoperative Rib Hump Deformity (RHD) correction.

Methods: Twenty five patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) were operated using full pedicle screw construct or hybrid construct. Read More

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http://scoliosisjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331727PMC
May 2015
4 Reads

The rib index is not practically affected by the distance between the radiation source and the examined child.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S8. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, "Tzaneio" General Hospital, Tzani and Afendouli 1, Piraeus 18536, Greece.

Background: All lateral spinal radiographs in idiopathic scoliosis (IS) show a Double Rib Contour Sign (DRCS) of the thoracic cage, a radiographic expression of the rib hump. The outline of the convex overlies the contour of the concave ribs. The rib index (RI) method was extracted from the DRCS to evaluate rib hump deformity in IS patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331768PMC
May 2015
4 Reads

The impact of the leg-lengthening total hip arthroplasty on the coronal alignment of the spine.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S4. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wajokai Eniwa Hospital, Eniwa, Hokkaido, Japan.

Background: Coronal imbalance of the pelvis is recognized to lead to the development of degenerative lumbar scoliosis. We hypothesized that an abrupt change of pelvic obliquity may show a reproducible trend of coronal compensation in the lumbosacral spine. The aim of the study was to classify the change of coronal alignment of spine after THA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331764PMC
May 2015
2 Reads

Are the mediolateral joint forces in the lower limbs different between scoliotic and healthy subjects during gait?

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S3. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Service d'Orthopédie et de Traumatologie de l'appareil locomoteur (ORTO), Saint-Luc UHC, Brussels, Belgium.

Introduction: The quantification of internal joint efforts could be essential in the development of rehabilitation tools for patients with musculo-skeletal pathologies, such as scoliosis. In this context, the aim of this study was to compare the hips joint mediolateral forces during gait, between healthy subjects and adolescents with left lumbar or thoracolumbar scoliosis (AIS), categorized by their Cobb angle (CA).

Material And Methods: Twelve healthy subjects, 12 AIS with CA between 20° and 40° and 16 AIS in pre-operative condition (CA : > 40°) walked at 4 km/h on an instrumented treadmill. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331763PMC
May 2015
1 Read

Scoliosis corrective force estimation from the implanted rod deformation using 3D-FEM analysis.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S2. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Division of Human Mechanical Systems and Design, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

Background: Improvement of material property in spinal instrumentation has brought better deformity correction in scoliosis surgery in recent years. The increase of mechanical strength in instruments directly means the increase of force, which acts on bone-implant interface during scoliosis surgery. However, the actual correction force during the correction maneuver and safety margin of pull out force on each screw were not well known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331738PMC
May 2015
2 Reads

HRQoL assessment by SRS-30 for Chinese patients with surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS).

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S19. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China ; Joint Scoliosis Research Center of the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.

Introduction: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcome questionnaire, Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-30, had been well received since its establishment in 2003. Literatures from Asia on the use of SRS-30 mainly focused on the translation process and validation process, but not on measuring outcomes, particularly in the Chinese community. We carried out a prospective cohort study to evaluate the HRQoL of Chinese AIS adolescents with severe scoliosis after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331737PMC
May 2015
26 Reads

Flexible growing rods: a pilot study to determine if polymer rod constructs may provide stability to skeletally immature spines.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S16. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Orthopaedics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, 45229-3030 USA.

Background: Surgical treatments for early onset scoliosis (EOS), including growing rod constructs, involve many complications. Some are due to biomechanical factors. A construct that is more flexible than current instrumentation systems may reduce complications. Read More

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http://scoliosisjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331734PMC
May 2015
5 Reads

Factors affecting intradiscal pressure measurement during in vitro biomechanical tests.

Scoliosis 2015 11;10(Suppl 2):S1. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, École de technologie supérieure, Montreal, H3C 1K3, Canada ; Research center, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur, Montreal, H4J 1C5, Canada.

Objectives: To assess the reliability of intradiscal pressure measurement during in vitro biomechanical testing. In particular, the variability of measurements will be assessed for repeated measures by considering the effect of specimens and of freezing/thawing cycles.

Methods: Thirty-six functional units from 8 porcine spines (S1: T7-T8, S2: T9-T10, S3: T12-T11, S4: T14-T13, S5: L1-L2 and S6: L3-L4) have been used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-7161-10-S2-S1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4331726PMC
May 2015
2 Reads

Recommendations for research studies on treatment of idiopathic scoliosis: Consensus 2014 between SOSORT and SRS non-operative management committee.

Scoliosis 2015 7;10. Epub 2015 Mar 7.

Children's Mercy Hospital, University of Missouri Kansas City, Kansas, USA.

The two main societies clinically dealing with idiopathic scoliosis are the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), founded in 1966, and the international Society on Scoliosis Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT), started in 2004. Inside the SRS, the Non-Operative Management Committee (SRS-NOC) has the same clinical interest of SOSORT, that is the Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation (or Non-Operative, or conservative) Management of idiopathic scoliosis patients. The aim of this paper is to present the results of a Consensus among the best experts of non-operative treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis, as represented by SOSORT and SRS, on the recommendation for research studies on treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis. Read More

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http://www.scoliosisjournal.com/content/10/1/8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-014-0025-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4360938PMC
March 2015
9 Reads

Does bracing affect bone health in women with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?

Scoliosis 2015 18;10. Epub 2015 Feb 18.

Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Avenue, St. Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada ; Centre for Bone and Muscle Health, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Avenue, St. Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada.

Purpose: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is often associated with low bone mineral content and density (BMC, BMD). Bracing, used to manage spine curvature, may interfere with the growth-related BMC accrual, resulting in reduced bone strength into adulthood. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of brace treatment on BMC in adult women, diagnosed with AIS and braced in early adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-015-0031-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4343046PMC
March 2015
2 Reads

SEAS (Scientific Exercises Approach to Scoliosis): a modern and effective evidence based approach to physiotherapic specific scoliosis exercises.

Scoliosis 2015 5;10. Epub 2015 Feb 5.

University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy ; IRCCS Don Gnocchi, Milan, Italy.

Background: SEAS is the acronym for "Scientific Exercise Approach to Scoliosis", a name related to the continuous changes of the approach based on results published in the literature.

Rehabilitation Program: SEAS is an individualized exercise program adapted to all situations of conservative treatment of scoliosis: stand-alone in low-medium degree curves during growth to reduce the risk of bracing; complimentary to bracing in medium-high degree curves during growth, with the aim to increase correction, prepare weaning, and avoid/reduce side-effects; for adults either progressing or fused, to help stabilising the curve and reduce disability. SEAS is based on a specific active self-correction technique performed without external aid, and incorporated in functional exercises. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13013-014-0027-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4344739PMC
March 2015
17 Reads