Front Med (Lausanne) 2017 18;4:120. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
Department of Dermatology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
Sclerosing skin diseases represent a large number of distinct disease entities, which include systemic sclerosis, localized scleroderma, and scleredema adultorum. These pathologies have a common clinical appearance and share histological features. However, the specific interplay between cytokines and growth factors, which activate different mesenchymal cell populations and production of different extracellular matrix components, determines the biomechanical properties of the skin and the clinical features of each disease. Read More
The term 'sclerosing diseases of the skin' comprises specific dermatological entities which have fibrotic changes of the skin in common. These diseases mostly manifest in different clinical subtypes according to cutaneous and extracutaneous involvement and can sometimes be difficult to distinguish from each other. The present guideline focuses on characteristic clinical and histopathological features, diagnostic scores and the serum autoantibodies most useful for differential diagnosis. Read More
a Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Occupational Medicine , Medical University of Vienna , Vienna , Austria.
Purpose: Scleredema Adultorum Buschke is a disorder manifesting indurations of the skin mostly followed by musculoskeletal impairment. Data regarding this fact are seldom found and documentation of functional outcome of physical therapies and modalities related to Scleredema Adultorum Buschke is fragmentary. The aim of this case report is to demonstrate and to document an effective concept of rehabilitation in a patient suffering from Scleredema Adultorum Buschke. Read More
Scleroderma refers to an autoimmune connective tissue fibrosing disease, including three different subsets: localized scleroderma, limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis, and diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis with divergent patterns of organ involvement, autoantibody profiles, management, and prognostic implications. Although systemic sclerosis is considered the disease prototype that causes cutaneous sclerosis, there are many other conditions that can mimic and be confused with SSc. They can be classified into immune-mediated/inflammatory, immune-mediated/inflammatory with abnormal deposit (mucinoses), genetic, drug-induced and toxic, metabolic, panniculitis/vascular, and (para)neoplastic disorders according to clinico-pathological and pathogenetic correlations. Read More
Scleroderma is a term used to describe diseases that involve hardening and tightening of the skin and the underlying subcutaneous connective tissue. It could be localized to skin and subcutaneous tissue, or may involve the internal organs too in systemic sclerosis. There are disorders that can cause hardening and tightening of skin and mimic scleroderma but are rarely associated with Raynaud phenomenon, sclerodactyly, and autoantibodies in the serum, features specific to scleroderma/systemic sclerosis. Read More
Scleredema is a deposition disorder which presents as diffuse, symmetric, non-pitting skin induration from dermal deposits of glycosaminoglycans ("mucins"). It classically affects the upper back and posterior neck, often causing skin tightness and decreased range of motion. In most patients the clinical course is chronic and treatment options are limited. Read More
Cutaneous fibrosing disorders encompass a diverse array of diseases united by the presence of varying degrees of dermal sclerosis. The quality and distribution of skin involvement, presence or absence of systemic complications and unique associated laboratory abnormalities often help to distinguish between these diseases. It is imperative that an effort is made to accurately differentiate between scleroderma and its mimics, in order to guide long-term management and facilitate implementation of the appropriate treatment modality where indicated. Read More
Diabetes mellitus is a widespread endocrine disease with severe impact on health systems worldwide. Increased serum glucose causes damage to a wide range of cell types, including endothelial cells, neurons, and renal cells, but also keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Skin disorders can be found in about one third of all people with diabetes and frequently occur before the diagnosis, thus playing an important role in the initial recognition of underlying disease. Read More
Scleredema is a rare connective tissue disorder of unknown pathogenesis. Three types of scleredema have been described, based on its association with postinfection, monoclonal gammopathy and diabetes mellitus. We report herein a case of scleredema which the diagnosis didn't get specified. Read More
Scleredema is a rare and incompletely understood disorder characterized by progressive skin thickening and induration typically affecting the trunk, neck, and proximal upper extremities. Hand and finger involvement is exceptionally rare, having been reported in only two infection-related cases. We present an atypical case of postinfectious scleredema involving the hands and discuss scleredema as an important potential cause of hand tightness and induration in adolescents. Read More
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2016 Aug;18(8):677-82
Neonatal Diagnosis and Treatment Center, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University/National Demonstration Base of Standardized Training Base for Resident Physicians/Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders/Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing/Chongqing International Science and Technology Cooperation Center for Child Development and Disorders, Chongqing 400014, China.
Objective: To investigate the risk factors for concurrent sepsis in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).
Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 273 neonates with NEC. The risk factors for concurrent sepsis were analyzed from the aspects of perinatal factors and treatment regimen before the diagnosis of NEC. Read More
Scleredema of Buschke (SB) is a rare disorder of connective tissue characterized by diffuse non-pitting induration of the skin, mainly on the cervical, deltoid and dorsal regions. It is a cutaneous mucinosis of unknown etiology and is associated with bacterial or viral infections, hematological disorders and diabetes mellitus. Histopathological examination shows thickened dermis with wide collagen bundles separated by gaps that correspond to mucopolysaccharide deposits, visualized using special staining. Read More
The finding of hardening and thickening of the skin is common and can be encountered in immune mediated, metabolic, neoplastic, toxic, genetic diseases, or associated with protein deposits. The lack of Raynaud's phenomenon, capillaroscopic abnormalities, or scleroderma-specific autoantibodies should question the diagnosis of scleroderma and trigger the search for a scleroderma-like disorder, for which treatment and prognosis differ. This article gives a review of these disorders and their main characteristics. Read More
Introduction: The mucinoses of the type of scleredema and scleromyxedema are diseases marked by excessive production of mucin deposits in the skin and subcutaneous tissue, which causes skin hardening. The skin and subcutaneous deposits hamper the movement of limbs, the thorax as well as mouth. The same mechanism also damages other organs (the heart, lungs, oesophagus). Read More
Scleredema, which also is known as scleredemaadultorum of Buschke, is an uncommonsclerodermiform condition that is characterizedby progressive thickening and hardening of theskin due to excessive dermal mucin and collagendeposition. The clinical course is variable, andprogression of disease may lead to functionalimpairment with limitations in mobility. The etiologyand pathogenesis are unknown although severalwell-known associations include streptococcalinfection; diabetes mellitus, particularly withmetabolic syndrome; and monoclonal gammopathy. Read More
Adv Radiat Oncol 2016 Jan-Mar;1(1):21-25. Epub 2015 Dec 9.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Division of Dermatology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
Introduction: Scleredema of Buschke is a rare connective tissue disorder presenting with woody thickening and induration of the nuchal and shoulder regions resulting in progressive decrease in the range of motion of the neck. Treatment options include several forms of systemic therapy with variable results. Local radiation therapy (RT) is often thought of as a secondary form of therapy. Read More
Background And Aim: This single-center observational cross-sectional study has been done in an attempt to find out the prevalence of various skin manifestations in diabetes patients (DM) and their correlation with diabetes control and complications.
Materials And Methods: Skin manifestations present over 12 months among those attend diabetes clinic were included in the study. Apart from demographic data and type, patients were also screened for micro vascular complications and control of diabetes over last 3 months. Read More
Buschke Scleredema is a rare connective tissue disorder of unknown aetiology and characterized by thickening of the dermis. It resembles systemic sclerosis, eosinophilic fasciitis and cutaneous amyloidosis. Scleredema may be associated with a history of an antecedent febrile illness, diabetes mellitus, or blood dyscrasia. Read More
Scleredema adultorum of Buschke is a rare disorder characterized by diffuse swelling and non-pitting induration of the skin usually involving the face, neck, arms and upper trunk. It has been associated with previous infectious diseases, diabetes, paraproteinemia and, more rarely, malignant neoplasms or autoimmune disorders. We report the case of a 30-year-old man who presented with a 2-year history of scleredema. Read More
Objective: To evaluate renal brush border membrane enzymes in urine as an indicator for renal injury in neonatal scleredema (NS).
Methods: Sixty nine NS patients in our hospital were enrolled and divided into mild group and moderate/severe group. Patients were further randomly divided into therapy and control subgroups for 7 days ligustrazine administration. Read More
Human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-G has a tolerogenic function and could play a role in the pathogenesis of immune-mediated diseases, including systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of this study was to evaluate HLA-G serum expression (sHLA-G) and the HLA-G gene 14 base pairs (bp) insertion/deletion (del(-)/del(+)) polymorphism in patients with Ssc, to search for possible associations with clinical and laboratory variables. sHLA-G was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in sera from 77 patients with SSc and 32 healthy donors (HD); the 14 bp del(-)/del(+) polymorphism was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) genomic DNA. Read More
Scleredema adultorum of Buschke is characterized by symmetrical, diffuse, non-pitting erythematous swelling of the skin due to accumulation of collagen and mucopolysaccharides in the dermis. Herein we report a case of scleredema over an unusual site in a pregnant woman. Read More
History And Admission Findings: A 53-year-old woman suffering from brown plaques occasionally ulcerating at both lower legs and in the course of disease on the back of the foot presented at our department. Moreover she complained about an increasing sclerosis of her skin at the back over the last 15 years. She had suffered from diabetes mellitus type-1 for more than 40 years. Read More
Department of Dermatology, National Taiwan University Hospital and College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine and College of Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Research Center for Developmental Biology and Regenerative Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:
The term fulminans is used infrequently in dermatology, being reserved for those cases of rapid onset with potentially severe sequelae or those that are life-threatening, thereby warranting urgent intervention. In this commentary, the authors propose that the term scleredema fulminans be utilized in severe, progressive cases of scleredema adultorum of Buschke presenting with rapid onset. Read More
Scleredema adultorum, also known as scleredema of Buschke, is a rare connective tissue disease with unknown etiology, which is characterized by diffuse skin induration of face, neck, upper chest, back, shoulders and arms. Although there is no established treatment for this disease, the efficacy of phototherapy has been reported. We herein describe a case of scleredema adultorum successfully treated with narrow-band ultraviolet B and discuss a potential mechanism explaining its efficacy for fibrotic skin diseases. Read More
*Pathology Specialist, Department of Cellular Pathology, Hospital El Bierzo, Ponferrada, Spain; and Departments of †Resident (M.G-T.), Assistant Dermatologist (A.L.R-V.) Department of Dermatology, ‡Associate Professor, Pathology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, INER/CIENI, Hospital Angeles Lomas, Centro Medico ABC, Mexico City, México.
In this report, we review 5 sclerodermiform cutaneous conditions: eosinophilic fasciitis, systemic nephrogenic fibrosis, scleredema, scleromyxedema, and toxic oil syndrome. We emphasize the morphological differences between the conditions and some morphological clues that are important to differential diagnosis. Read More
We present a case of scleredema with a leonine facies in a 56-year-old man with a history of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. The patient initially presented with erythematous, edematous papules and plaques on the face, neck, and upper back. Read More
Objective: To study the risk factors for prognosis of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).
Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 82 neonates with NEC confirmed between January 2008 and October 2012. The possible prognostic factors in NEC were investigated by logistic regression analysis. Read More
A woman, 74 years of age, presented to the emergency department with a lesion on the lower abdominal wall that had started a month earlier and was not associated with any other symptoms. Her family physician had treated it with emollient creams. Relevant past medical history included congestive heart failure, hypertension, hypertensive heart disease, pulmonary hypertension, mitral regurgitation, chronic atrial fibrillation, rosacea and diabetes mellitus that was being treated with oral hypoglycaemics (metformin). Read More
Diabetes mellitus affects every organ of the body including the skin. Certain skin manifestations of diabetes are considered cutaneous markers of the disease, whereas others are nonspecific conditions that occur more frequently among individuals with diabetes compared with the general population. Diabetic patients have an increased susceptibility to some bacterial and fungal skin infections, which account, in part, for poor healing. Read More
Purpose Of Review: The new American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism classification criteria will enable earlier diagnosis and, therefore, the use of newer treatment modalities for systemic sclerosis (SSc). It is therefore critical to exclude non-SSc causes for diffuse skin thickening as early as possible.
Recent Findings: The recently described gadolinium-induced nephrogenic systemic fibrosis may mimic SSc as may other conditions which require a different treatment strategy. Read More
This article acquaints the reader with disorders of the skin that might mimic systemic sclerosis but whose pathology is localized to the skin and/or has extracutaneous manifestations that are different than systemic sclerosis. These disorders include localized scleroderma (morphea), eosinophilic fasciitis, scleredema, scleromyxedema, nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, and chronic graft-versus-host disease. Particular emphasis is placed on clinical and histopathologic features that help the clinician differentiate between these disorders. Read More
An otherwise healthy 45-year-old man with a 3-year history of poorly controlled psoriasis (no arthritis) was treated with etanercept 50-mg subcutaneous injections twice weekly for 3 months and then once weekly. Alternative treatment options were either unavailable (long commute for phototherapy) or contraindicated (history of alcohol abuse). The patient initially tolerated etanercept well with significant clinical improvement and had an uneventful course; however, approximately 18 months after initiating therapy, he abruptly developed dusky, indurated, and tender plaques on his abdomen and thighs at the sites of etanercept injections (Figure 1). Read More
Scleredema is a form of cutaneous mucinosis caused by an increased accumulation of collagen and mucin in the dermis. It is characterized by diffused, nonpitting swelling and induration of the skin. Scleredema diabeticorum is one type of scleredema associated with diabetes mellitus. Read More
Skin fibrosis is involved in several pathologies as hypertrophic scar or scleroderma. The determination of the mechanisms at the origin of these problems is however difficult due to the low number of in vivo models. To bypass this absence of animal models, studies typically use human pathological cells cultured in a monolayer way on plastic. Read More