3,674,158 results match your criteria School Psychology International[Journal]
J Public Health Dent 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
Objectives: This study explored the association of children's salivary characteristics, past caries experience, birth weight, and reported maternal prenatal vitamin and mineral supplementation with the dental untreated decay of the child.
Methods: This cross-sectional study, a sub-study of Griffith University Environments for Healthy Living birth cohort study, was conducted on 174 mother-child dyads. Mother's prenatal usage of vitamin and mineral supplements; child's birthweight; salivary pH, buffering capacity, and levels of salivary MS and LB were explored as risk indicators. Read More
Endoscopy 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Gastroenterology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.
Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Internal Medicine, UCLA Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California.
Objective: Allostatic load (AL) represents multisystem physiological "wear-and-tear" reflecting emerging chronic disease risk. We assessed AL during the first year postpartum in a diverse community sample with known health disparities.
Methods: The Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development Community Child Health Network enrolled 2,448 predominantly low-income African-American, Latina, and White women immediately after delivery of liveborn infants at ≥20 weeks' gestation, following them over time with interviews, clinical measures, and biomarkers. Read More
Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Research Center, CHU Sainte-Justine, Mother and Child University Hospital Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Background: Little is known about the association between bisphenol A (BPA) or triclosan (TCS) exposure and hypertension in pregnancy.
Objective: To investigate potential associations between maternal urinary concentrations of BPA or TCS and gestational hypertension (GH) and preeclampsia.
Study Design: Among 1,909 pregnant women participating in the maternal-infant research on environmental chemicals (MIREC) study, urinary concentrations of BPA and TCS were measured in the first trimester by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using isotope dilution. Read More
Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York.
Objective: We sought to examine pathogen distribution and clinical presentation of late-onset sepsis (LOS) at an urban tertiary care center.
Study Design: We performed a retrospective review of all culture-confirmed cases of LOS presenting to our institution from 2013 to 2017. Medical records were evaluated for demographic information, sepsis risk factors, encounter location, and clinical outcome. Read More
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB.
Sediment nitrogen cycling is a network of microbially-mediated biogeochemical processes that are vital in regulating ecosystem functioning. Mucopolysaccharides (mucus) are produced by many invertebrates and have the potential to be an important source of organic carbon and nitrogen to sediment microorganisms. At present, we have limited understanding of how mucopolysaccharide moderates total sediment microbial communities and specific microbial functional groups that drive nitrogen cycling processes. Read More
Am J Clin Pathol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.
Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
Introduction: Despite the overall decline in the prevalence of cigarette use in the United States, menthol cigarette use among smokers is rising, and evidence shows that it may lead to more detrimental effects on public health than regular cigarette use. One of the mechanisms by which nicotine sustains tobacco use and dependence is due to its cognitive enhancing properties, and basic science literature suggests that menthol may also enhance nicotine's acute effect on cognition.
Aims And Methods: The purpose of this review is to suggest that the cognitive enhancing effects of menthol may be a potentially important neuropsychological mechanism that has yet to be examined. Read More
Health Soc Work 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Derrick Kranke, PhD, is health science specialist, Veterans Emergency Management Evaluation Center (VEMEC), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), 16111 Plummer Street, North Hills, CA 91343; e-mail: Jerry Floersch, PhD, LCSW, is associate professor, School of Social Work, Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick. Aram Dobalian, PhD, is director, VEMEC, VA, North Hills, CA.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya,Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Background: Parasitic infections constitute a major public health problem worldwide, particularly among underprivileged communities in developing countries including Nigeria. The present study aimed to determine the epidemiology of polyparasitism (multiple parasitic infections) among rural communities in Kano State, North Central Nigeria.
Methods: A total of 551 individuals were screened for the presence of intestinal, urogenital and blood parasites by using different diagnostic techniques. Read More
Nucleic Acids Res 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637371, Singapore.
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) has emerged as an attractive target for cancer therapy due to its key role in DNA repair processes. Inhibition of PARP1 in BRCA-mutated cancers has been observed to be clinically beneficial. Recent genome-mapping experiments have identified a non-canonical G-quadruplex-forming sequence containing bulges within the PARP1 promoter. Read More
Eur Heart J 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, Groningen, the Netherlands.
Aims: We sought to determine subtypes of patients with heart failure (HF) with a distinct clinical profile and treatment response, using a wide range of biomarkers from various pathophysiological domains.
Methods And Results: We performed unsupervised cluster analysis using 92 established cardiovascular biomarkers to identify mutually exclusive subgroups (endotypes) of 1802 patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) from the BIOSTAT-CHF project. We validated our findings in an independent cohort of 813 patients. Read More
Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Volatile organic chemical exposure resulting from surgical operations is common in operating room personnel. The potential risk of long-term exposure to these low-level chemicals is always a concern. This study was conducted in an area hospital located in northern Taiwan to investigate the internal exposure scenario for operating room personnel. Read More
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5957-5964
Department of Ophthalmology, Visual and Anatomical Sciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, United States.
Purpose: To test the hypothesis that mitochondrial respiration contributes to local changes in hydration involved in phototransduction-driven expansion of outer retina, as measured by structural responses on optical coherence tomography (OCT) and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Methods: Oxygen consumption rate and mitochondrial reserve capacity of freshly isolated C57BL/6 and 129S6/SvEvTac mouse retina were measured using a Seahorse Extracellular Flux Analyzer. Light-stimulated outer retina layer water content was determined by proton density MRI, structure and thickness by ultrahigh-resolution OCT, and water mobility by diffusion MRI. Read More
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5912-5923
Dr. Nasser Al-Rashid Orbital Vision Research Center, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, McKnight Vision Research Center, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States.
Purpose: We characterize the effect of bimatoprost on orbital adipose tissue in thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) with clinicopathologic correlation.
Methods: Orbital adipose-derived stem cells (OASCs) from types 1 and 2 TAO and control patients with and without exposure to 1 μm bimatoprost were examined via immunohistochemistry, RT-PCR, and Western blot for cell viability, migration capacity, lipid content, adipocyte morphology, mitochondrial content, and levels of adipogenic markers. A retrospective chart review was performed for clinicopathologic correlation. Read More
J Natl Cancer Inst 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
University of California San Diego School of Medicine, UCSD School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA.
Background: Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy is a promising new class of cancer therapy but has a high up-front cost. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of CAR-T therapy among pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL).
Methods: We built a microsimulation model for pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory B-ALL receiving either CAR-T therapy or standard of care. Read More
Neurosurgery 2019 Jan;84(1):E1-E2
Department of Neurological Surgery University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Miami, Florida.
Neurosurgery 2019 Jan;84(1):E15-E16
Brain Tumor Center Department of Neurosurgery Lenox Hill Hospital Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell New York, New York.
Neurosurgery 2019 Jan;84(1):E13-E14
Department of Neurological Surgery University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Neurosurgery 2019 Jan;84(1):E3-E4
Department of Neurological Surgery Mayo Clinic Phoenix, Arizona.
Brain 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.
Studies of the same disease often implicate different brain regions, contributing to a perceived reproducibility crisis in neuroimaging. Here, we leverage the normative human brain connectome to test whether seemingly heterogeneous neuroimaging findings localize to connected brain networks. We use neurodegenerative disease, and specifically Alzheimer's disease, as our example as it is one of the diseases that has been studied the most using neuroimaging. Read More
Inflamm Bowel Dis 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Background: The aim of this study was to examine work loss in patients with Crohn's disease.
Methods: Using nationwide registers, we identified incident patients with Crohn's disease (2007-2010) and population comparator subjects without inflammatory bowel disease, matched by age, sex, calendar year, health care region, and education level. We assessed the number of lost workdays due to sick leave and disability pension from 5 years before to 5 years after first diagnosis of Crohn's disease or end of follow-up (September 30, 2015). Read More
J Infect Dis 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
Introduction: A number of enhanced influenza vaccines have been developed for use in older adults, including the high-dose, MF59-adjuvanted, and intradermal vaccines.
Methods: We conducted a systematic review examining the improvements in antibody responses measured by the hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) assay associated with these enhanced vaccines, compared to each other, and compared to standard-dose vaccine using random effects models.
Results: Thirty-nine trials were included. Read More
Am J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Exercise Science and Health Promotion Program, College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona.
Little is known concerning the type of activity that should be substituted for sedentary time and its potentially most hazardous form (prolonged sedentary bouts) to impart health benefit. We used isotemporal substitution techniques to examine whether 1) replacing total sedentary time with light- or moderate-intensity physical activity (LIPA, MVPA) and 2) replacing prolonged sedentary bouts with shorter sedentary bouts is associated with reductions in all-cause mortality risk. Participants (n = 7,999) from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study, a national cohort of US adults ≥45 years, were studied. Read More
Nucleic Acids Res 2018 Dec;46(22):e131
Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, Denmark.
Extrachromosomal circular DNA (eccDNA) and ring chromosomes are genetic alterations found in humans with genetic disorders. However, there is a lack of genetic engineering tools to recapitulate and study the biogenesis of eccDNAs. Here, we created a dual-fluorescence biosensor cassette, which upon the delivery of pairs of CRISPR/Cas9 guide RNAs, CRISPR-C, allows us to study the biogenesis of a specific fluorophore expressing eccDNA in human cells. Read More
Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Introduction: Interpretation of exposure measurements has evolved into a framework based on the lognormal distribution. Most available practical tools are based on traditional frequentist statistical procedures that do not satisfactorily account for censored data and are not amenable to simple probabilistic risk statements. Bayesian methods offer promising solutions to these challenges. Read More
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Neurosurgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.
Tree Physiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Sydney, Sydney NSW, Australia.
Rapid, reliable tools are needed to infer physiological and nutritional health for managing forest systems. Understanding the processes governing tree health is central to the development of these tools. Non-foliar approaches such as the collection of phloem sap reflect processes governing both the use and acquisition of plant water and nutrients at a wide range of temporal (diurnal to seasonal) and spatial (canopy) scales. Read More
J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Bradley/Hasbro Children's Research Center/Rhode Island Hospital and the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.
Objective: The purpose of the current pilot study was to evaluate the acceptability and preliminary impact of using immersive virtual reality environments (IVREs) paired with a brief emotion regulation and risk reduction intervention (ER + IVRE) relative to this same intervention content paired with role-plays (ER + RP).
Methods: Eighty-five adolescents attending middle school (grades 6th-8th; ages 12-15 years) in an urban northeast city were recruited and randomized to ER + IVRE (n = 44) or ER + RP (n = 41) and had complete data. Data examining acceptability, feasibility, sexual knowledge and attitudes, and ER were collected at baseline and 3 months after intervention completion. Read More
Clin Infect Dis 2019 Jan;68(1):1-4
Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, and Center for Evidence-based Practice, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia.
A panel of experts was convened by the Infectious Diseases Society of America to update the 2004 clinical practice guideline on outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) . This guideline is intended to provide insight for healthcare professionals who prescribe and oversee the provision of OPAT. It considers various patient features, infusion catheter issues, monitoring questions, and antimicrobial stewardship concerns. Read More
Clin Infect Dis 2019 Jan;68(1):165-167
Center for Global Health, Mito Kyodo General Hospital, University of Tsukuba.
Tree Physiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
Eur Heart J 2018 Dec;39(47):4136-4138
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 11100 Euclid Ave, Mailstop LKS 5038, Cleveland, Ohio, Phone: (216) 844-7760, Fax: (216) 844-8954.
J Hist Med Allied Sci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of History, University of Rochester.
Gerald Grob's work in the history of psychiatry over the course of almost fifty years created a model for how historians might successfully situate mental health in its social and political context, and how inseparable it was from this context. Over the last twenty years, the field has grown tremendously. Historians have incorporated categories of analysis like gender and race, methodologies like cultural history and intellectual history, and sought to continue Grob's quest to understand American mental health history as a critical component of American history writ large. Read More
J Public Health (Oxf) 2018 Dec;40(suppl_2):ii74-ii86
REACH Ethiopia, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
Background: Health extension workers (HEWs) are the key cadre within the Ethiopian Health Extension Programme extending health care to rural communities. National policy guidance supports the use of mHealth to improve data quality and use. We report on a mobile Health Management Information system (HMIS) with HEWs and assess its impact on data use, community health service provision and HEWs' experiences. Read More
J Public Health (Oxf) 2018 Dec;40(suppl_2):ii16-ii31
Department of International Public Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, L3 5QA, UK.
Background: There is considerable optimism in mHealth's potential to overcome health system deficiencies, yet gender inequalities can weaken attempts to scale-up mHealth initiatives. We report on the gendered experiences of an mHealth intervention, in Southern Ethiopia, realised by the all-female cadre of Health Extension Workers (HEWs).
Methodology: Following the introduction of the mHealth intervention, in-depth interviews (n = 19) and focus group discussions (n = 8) with HEWs, supervisors and community leaders were undertaken to understand whether technology acted as an empowering tool for HEWs. Read More
J Crohns Colitis 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Philadelphia, PA.
Background And Aims: Children with very early onset inflammatory bowel disease represent a unique cohort, often with a severe phenotype that is refractory to conventional medications, and in some cases, have underlying primary immunodeficiencies. Prior work has identified distinct histopathological patterns in the gastrointestinal tract in patients with primary immunodeficiencies. The aim of this study is to characterize the diagnostic histological findings in patients with VEO-IBD as compared to older onset pediatric IBD and determine if there are unique pathological changes that can shed light on the driving forces of the disease, particularly immunodeficiencies. Read More
Phys Ther Sport 2018 Dec 5;35:127-132. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise University of Canberra, Building 1, 11 Kirinari Street, Bruce, ACT, 2617, Australia. Electronic address:
Objective: Investigate the patterns and circumstances of shoulder injury, in both male and female sub-elite water polo players, through evaluating the injury incidence, mechanism and subsequent training time lost.
Design: Retrospective cohort.
Setting: Sports institute. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:493-503. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address:
Based on the interaction between mesoscopic biochar materials and nanomaterials, the synergistic mechanism of the two materials in the process of cadmium remediation was studied. KCO activated porous biochar (KBC) loaded with nano-zero-valent iron (nZVI)/nano-α-hydroxy-iron oxide (nHIO) was studied. Macroscopically, batch adsorption experiments were carried out to describe the adsorption properties of the composites. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 5;219:472-481. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
College of William & Mary, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Department Aquatic Health Sciences, Gloucester Point, VA, USA.
Flame retardants have been associated with endocrine disorders, thyroid disruption, reproductive toxicity, and immunological interference. Through dismantling and recycling electronics and electric products, flame retardants can be released into the air and settle on work surfaces which may lead to dermal exposure. Hand wipe sampling is commonly used to evaluate dermal exposure. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:427-435. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Institute of Environmental Engineering, ETH Zurich, Schafmattstrasse 6, 8093, Zurich, Switzerland; Advanced Analytical Technologies Laboratory, EMPA, Überlandstrasse 129, 8600, Dübendorf, Switzerland. Electronic address:
The wide applications of particulate micromotors in practice, especially in the removal of environmental pollutants, have been limited by the low production yields and demand on high concentration of fuel such as HO. Carbon/MnO micromotors were made hydrothermally using different carbon allotropes including graphite, carbon nanotube (CNT), and graphene for treatment of methylene blue and toxic Ag ions. The obtained micromotors showed high speed of self-propulsion. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Nov 27;219:383-389. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, PR China.
Oilfield sludge is recognized as a hazardous solid waste in China because of its considerable hydrocarbon content and other toxic components. In this study, the nitrogen transformation during pyrolysis of typical oil sludge samples produced in the Daqing oilfield (the largest oilfield in China), was experimentally investigated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and thermos gravimetric (TG) were used in laboratory-scale experiments and batch pyrolysis experiments were conducted at 200-800 °C in a tubular reactor to obtain quantitative information on the change of nitrogen conversion in the char, tar, and gas fractions. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 6;219:321-327. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
School of Life Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, 030006, China. Electronic address:
Experiments were carried out to investigate the bioaccumulation and elimination of cadmium (Cd) in tissues (kidney, gills, digestive gland, mantle, visceral mass, foot, adductor muscle and hemolymph) from the freshwater mussel, Anodonta woodiana. The mussels were exposed to subchronic Cd at concentrations of 0.168 and 0. Read More
Res Dev Disabil 2018 Dec 11;85:116-130. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
Introduction: The cognitive discrepancy approach to loneliness is often used to describe loneliness in ageing populations, but to date, it has never been used to explore loneliness in older people with an intellectual disability. An analysis is needed utilising a refined list of causes of loneliness in this population.
Method: Using data from a nationally representative dataset of people aged over 40 with an intellectual disability (N = 708), this analysis runs repeated regressions of variables grouped into conceptual blocks, organised from sociodemographic to network quality. Read More
Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 Nov 13;194:527-532. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N. Broadway, Hampton House 163, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Background: The opioid epidemic is one of the greatest public health crises of our times, driven increasingly by synthetic opioids such as fentanyl in the heroin supply. The implementation of drug checking in community settings has the potential to reduce the burden of fatal overdose, provide harm reduction education around safer drug consumption, and increase health access among people who use drugs (PWUD). To inform program development, we explored stakeholder opinions on drug checking technologies and implementation considerations. Read More
Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 Dec 11;194:526. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Office of National Drug Control Policy, Executive Office of the President, Washington DC, 20503, USA. Electronic address:
J Hazard Mater 2018 Dec 3;366:395-401. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China.
The performance of the lysozyme catalysis on excess sludge (ES) hydrolysis and decomposition was investigated in this study. For this purpose, the release of soluble organic matters from sludge flocs, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) changes in composition and distribution and the quantity variations of microorganisms were monitored. Results indicated that lysozyme boosted the ES hydrolysis significantly with approximately 236. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Nov 26;271:510-515. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.
During the euthymic state in bipolar disorder, cognitive functions often remain affected. Specifically, subjective and objective cognitive impairment might distinctly affect patients' quality of life (QoL); however, this question had not been examined previously in Japanese patients. Therefore, the current study investigated the associations between cognitive complaints, QoL, and objective cognitive functions. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 5;271:502-509. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
The Danish National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Studiestraede 6, 1455 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Danish WEMWBS and its short version (SWEMWBS) in a Danish population sample, and compared scores in Denmark with scores representative of three other European settings. A total of 3,508 Danish men and women aged 16-95 filled out an electronic survey. Face validity was examined by cognitive interviews. Read More
Int J Nurs Stud 2018 Nov 27;90:21-30. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
School of Education, Health, and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
Background: The approach and style of leaders is known to be an important factor influencing the translation of research evidence into nursing practice. However, questions remain as to what types of roles are most effective and the specific mechanisms through which influence is achieved.
Objectives: The aim of the study was to enhance understanding of the mechanisms by which key nursing roles lead the implementation of evidence-based practice across different care settings and countries and the contextual factors that influence them. Read More