3,666,093 results match your criteria School Health [Journal]


Effect of Sodium Glucose Co-Transporter-2 Inhibition on the Aldosterone/Renin Ratio in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Horm Metab Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Saolta University Health Care Group (SUHCG), Galway University Hospitals, Galway, Ireland.

The aldosterone to renin ratio (ARR) is recommended for case detection of primary aldosteronism (PA). Several factors including medications can undermine its diagnostic accuracy. The objective was to explore the effect of Sodium Glucose Co-Transporter-2 Inhibition on the ARR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who were prescribed a Sodium Glucose Co-Transporter-2 Inhibitor (SGLT-2i) as part of routine clinical care. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Pharmacokinetics of Prenylflavonoids following Oral Ingestion of Standardized Epimedium Extract in Humans.

Planta Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Leaves of the plant are traditionally consumed for bone health and other indications. The aim of this study was to establish the safety and pharmacokinetics of the metabolites of prenylflavonoids (icariin, icariside I, icariside II, icaritin, and desmethylicaritin) following single doses of a defined prenylflavonoid extract in humans. A single oral dose of 370, 740, or 1110 mg of a standardized prenylflavonoid extract was administered to 30 healthy male subjects in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
2.152 Impact Factor

Prescription Medication Misuse.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):654-664. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Clinical Addiction Research and Education Unit, Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA.

In the United States, there is a prescription medication misuse crisis including increases in unintentional drug overdose deaths, medications obtained on the illicit market (i.e., diversion), and in the number of individuals seeking treatment for addiction to prescription medications. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Myofascial Pain.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):640-643. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Myofascial pain syndromes arise from acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain and often have a referred neuropathic component. It affects more than three quarters of the world's population and is one of the most important and overlooked causes of disability. The origins of pain are thought to reside anywhere between the motor end plate and the fibrous outer covering of the muscle, with involvement of microvasculature and neurotransmitters at the cellular level. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Radicular Pain Syndromes: Cervical, Lumbar, and Spinal Stenosis.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):634-639. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Back pain is a top primary and urgent care complaint; radicular pain can be caused by herniation of the nucleus pulposus (intervertebral disc), spinal stenosis, or degenerative changes to the vertebrae. The focus of this clinical review will be the clinical approach and treatment of lumbar radicular pain, cervical radicular pain, and spinal stenosis. Usually localized through neurological history, exam, and imaging, specific signs and symptoms for lumbar radicular, spinal stenosis, and cervical radicular pain can help determine etiology. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Headache in Pregnancy, the Puerperium, and menopause.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):627-633. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.

Headache is a neurologic disorder that displays gender dichotomy. It is well established that there is a strong link between migraine headache and sex hormones, specifically estrogen, which influences the severity of migraines during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause. Furthermore, the epidemiology of headaches during pregnancy and the postpartum period is very distinct from that in males or nonpregnant females, in part due to the hemodynamic and hematologic changes that occur during pregnancy. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Posttraumatic Headache.

Authors:
Brigid Dwyer

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):619-626. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Posttraumatic headaches are among the most challenging complaints after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). They are a debilitating problem experienced by patients after TBI of all severities. Up to 90% of mild TBI patients experience headache, particularly if female and with a premorbid history of primary headache. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Cluster Headache and Other Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgias.

Authors:
Brian E McGeeney

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):603-607. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

The trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias are a group of distinct primary headache disorders that share common characteristics of strict unilateral headache often accompanied by unilateral cranial autonomic features. Cluster headache is the most well-known example, but other than neurologists, practitioners often have limited familiarity with these disorders and treatment options. Delays in diagnosis are typical and treatment options remain suboptimal, associated with limited scientific research into these brain disorders. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Shuhan Zhu, MD and James Otis, MD, FAAN.

Authors:
David M Greer

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):599-600. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

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December 2018
2 Reads

Predicted short and long-term impact of deworming and water, hygiene, and sanitation on transmission of soil-transmitted helminths.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 6;12(12):e0006758. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Research School of Population Health, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Background: Regular preventive chemotherapy (PCT) targeting high-risk populations is an effective way to control STH in the short term, but sustainable long-term STH control is expected to require improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). However, experimental studies have not been able to conclusively demonstrate the benefit of WASH in preventing STH (re-)infections. We investigated the impact of WASH on STH infections during and after PCT using mathematical modelling. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Tracking Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation: A Novel Approach.

Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Renal Research Institute, New York, New York, USA.

Background: The time between the creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and its successful use is significantly longer in hemodialysis (HD) patients in the United States compared to those in other countries, and there is an urgent need to reduce the residence time of central-venous catheters (CVC).

Methods: Successful AVF creation and maturation results in typical hemodynamic changes, such as an increase in cardiac output and upper body blood flow (UBBF). In patients with CVC as vascular access, we measured once per minute intradialytic central-venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and hemoglobin levels simultaneously using the Crit-Line Monitor. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

β-Elemene Inhibits Human Sperm Function by Affecting Sperm Vitality and Intracellular Calcium.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2019-2029. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou,

Background/aims: β-Elemene is a bioactive sesquiterpene compound that exhibits a potent anti-tumor effect and is used in various clinical applications. However, little is known about its effect on the male reproductive system. The objective of this study was to investigate the in vitro actions of β-elemene on human sperm function and elucidate the underlying mechanism. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Association of Central Venous Oxygen Saturation Variability and Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients.

Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Renal Research Institute, New York, New York,

Background: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) is correlated with cardiac output. In most patients, ScvO2 declines during hemodialysis (HD) due to factors such as reduced preload, myocardial stunning, and intermittent arrhythmias. Previous research has shown that low ScvO2 is associated with higher mortality in chronic HD patients. Read More

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December 2018

Efficacy of Clutch Cutter for Standardizing Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection for Early Gastric Cancer: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis.

Digestion 2018 Dec 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background/aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) using the Clutch Cutter (CC), a scissor-type knife, compared with those of procedures using conventional devices.

Methods: This single-center retrospective study evaluated 237 patients with early gastric cancer: 83 who underwent ESD using the CC group and 154 who underwent ESD using the insulated-tip knife 2 (IT2 group). Clinicopathological features and technical outcomes were compared between the 2 groups using a propensity score-matched analysis. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Usual Interstitial Pneumonia Pattern in the Lower Lung Lobes as a Prognostic Factor in Idiopathic Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis.

Respiration 2018 Dec 6:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a rare interstitial pneumonia that is characterized by stiffness in both the upper lobes and pleura, which is evident on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest. However, prognostic factors for IPPFE have not been identified yet.

Objective: We aimed to investigate the clinical prognostic factors affecting survival in patients with IPPFE. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Clinical Drug Response Prediction by Using a Lq Penalized Network-Constrained Logistic Regression Method.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2073-2084. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Faculty of Information Technology & State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicines, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau, China.

Background/aims: One of the most important impacts of personalized medicine is the connection between patients' genotypes and their drug responses. Despite a series of studies exploring this relationship, the predictive ability of such analyses still needs to be strengthened.

Methods: Here we present the Lq penalized network-constrained logistic regression (Lq-NLR) method to meet this need, in which the predictors are integrated into the gene expression data and biological network knowledge and are combined with a more aggressive penalty function. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

High Circulating Alarin Levels Are Associated with Presence of Metabolic Syndrome.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2041-2051. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Endocrinology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University and Chongqing Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, Chongqing,

Background/aims: Alarin has been reported to be related with increased food intake and body weight. The relationship of circulating Alarin with insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome (MetS), however, is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the physiological role of Alarin and its association with MetS in humans. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Behavioral problems are associated with cognitive and language scores in toddlers born extremely preterm.

Early Hum Dev 2018 Dec 3;128:48-54. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship of parent-reported child behaviors on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to cognition, language, and motor skills on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - III (Bayley-III) in toddlers born extremely preterm.

Study Design: Toddlers born extremely preterm (gestational ages 22 0/7 to 26 6/7 weeks) were tested at 22-26 months corrected age with Bayley-III while parents completed the CBCL. Socio-demographic variables and medical history were recorded. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Load-bearing capacity under fatigue and survival rates of adhesively cemented yttrium-stabilized zirconia polycrystal monolithic simplified restorations.

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2018 Nov 12;90:673-680. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Faculty of Odontology, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Electronic address:

This study evaluated the fatigue failure load, number of cycles for failure and survival probability of 2nd and 3rd generation yttrium-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) adhesively cemented to a dentin analogue substrate. Disc-shaped specimens (n = 10; Ø = 10 mm; thickness = 1.0 mm) were produced from four 2nd generation YSZs (Lava Plus, 3M ESPE; Vita In-Ceram YZ-HT, VITA Zahnfabrik; Zirlux FC, Ivoclar Vivadent; Katana ML-HT, Kuraray) and two 3rd generation YSZs (Katana UTML and Katana STML, Kuraray). Read More

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November 2018

The appropriateness of coronary investigation in myocardial injury and type 2 myocardial infarction (ACT-2): A randomized trial design.

Am Heart J 2018 Oct 25;208:11-20. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Cardiology, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, Australia; College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Elevated troponin level findings among patients presenting with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or another intercurrent illness undeniably identifies patients at increased risk of mortality. Whilst enhancing our capacity to discriminate risk, the use of high-sensitivity troponin assays frequently identifies patients with myocardial injury (i.e. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Removal of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances using super-fine powder activated carbon and ceramic membrane filtration.

J Hazard Mater 2018 Nov 15;366:160-168. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 1500 Illinois St, Golden, CO 80401, USA. Electronic address:

Contamination of drinking water sources with per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is a major challenge for environmental engineers. While granular activated carbon (GAC) is an effective adsorbent-based treatment technology for long-chained PFASs, GAC is less effective for removal of short-chained compounds, necessitating a more complete treatment strategy. Super-fine powder activated carbon (SPAC; particle diameter <1 um) is potentially a superior adsorbent to GAC due to high specific surface area and faster adsorption kinetics. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Clostridium septicum: A usual suspect? Aortic rupture following right hemicolectomy: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 22;54:51-54. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Surgery, Epworth Health, Melbourne Australia; Gastrointestinal Clinical Institute, Epworth HealthCare, Melbourne Australia.

Introduction: There is a known association between Clostridium Septicum, mycotic aneurysm and colon neoplasm.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 90 year old female admitted with abdominal pain to the general surgery unit. Admission CT scan demonstrated a thick walled caecum and pericaecal inflammation suspicious for a perforated carcinoma. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Investigating associations between caffeinated beverage consumption and later alcohol consumption among early adolescents.

Addict Behav 2018 Nov 23;90:362-368. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Camden 311 North 5th Street, Camden NJ 08102, United States. Electronic address:

Previous research has demonstrated that caffeinated beverage consumption predicts alcohol consumption among early adolescents. This study aimed to investigate this association in two ways: (1) by examining if this association remained significant once other established risk factors for alcohol were adjusted for statistically; and (2) by considering three possible moderators of this association: gender, sensation-seeking, and parental monitoring. Data from the Camden Youth Development Study, a longitudinal, community-based study of middle-school students, were used. Read More

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November 2018

The adoption of sustainable practices: A supplier's perspective.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:692-701. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning, Beijing, China.

Suppliers' adoption of sustainable practices plays a critical role for global companies to improve environmental performance. Based on the absorptive capacity theory, this study empirically explores how suppliers' knowledge bases and power relationships influence their adoption of sustainability practices. A longitudinal case study with eight suppliers has been conducted. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

An approach to the implementation of Low Impact Development measures towards an EcoCampus classification.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:654-659. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

ECT-School of Science and Technology, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro UTAD, Quinta de Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal; Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Quinta de Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal.

Impervious cover has important hydrologic impacts, namely the increased runoff volume and peak discharges in the rainwater network, which can lead to significant consequences like rapid urban floods with social, environmental and economic implications. LID (Low Impact Development) consist of distributed runoff management measures, like green roofs, pervious pavements, waterways covered with vegetation and filter trails, among others, that seek to control stormwater in the origin, reducing imperviousness. These solutions avoid increased runoff rate and volume, increase infiltration and groundwater recharge. Read More

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December 2018

Two-stage microbial conversion of crude glycerol to 1,3-propanediol and polyhydroxyalkanoates after pretreatment.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:615-624. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Environmental and Water Resources Engineering, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore; Residues and Resource Reclamation Centre, Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute, Nanyang Technological University, 1 Cleantech Loop, Singapore 637141, Singapore.

With increasing demand for biodiesel, crude glycerol as a by-product in biodiesel production has been generated and oversupplied. This study, therefore, explored the pretreatment and a subsequent two-stage microbial system to convert crude glycerol into high value-added products: 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs). After pretreatment, long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) could be effectively removed from crude glycerol to eliminate the inhibition effects on subsequent microbial process. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Simultaneous analysis of acetylcarnitine, proline, hydroxyproline, citrulline, and arginine as potential plasma biomarkers to evaluate NSAIDs-induced gastric injury by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Nov 24;165:101-111. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

School of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Although major adverse effects associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are gastric injury, assessment of NSAIDs-induced gastrointestinal adverse effects is mostly dependent on endoscopy due to the lack of plasma biomarkers. Several amino acids associated with collagenase activity and gastric mucosal mass have been suggested as plasma biomarker candidates for gastric injury. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the plasma biomarker candidates, i. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Longer schooling but not better off? A quasi-experimental study of the effect of compulsory schooling on biomarkers in France.

Soc Sci Med 2018 Nov 23;220:379-386. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA; CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, 205 East 42nd Street, New York, NY, 10017, USA.

Less schooling is associated with increased biological risks for chronic disease, but whether increasing years of schooling through policy interventions reduces these risks remains unclear. We examine the effect of a major education reform introduced in 1959 that raised the minimum school leaving age from 14 to 16 years in France, offering a unique natural experiment. We assess the causal impact of increased schooling duration on 16 biomarkers of cardiovascular, metabolic, organ and immune function in a large cohort of men and women born around 1953. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Online behavior of people visiting a scientific website on epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 3;90:79-83. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

'Sapienza' University of Rome, Human Neuroscience Department, Rome, Italy.

We investigated the online behavior of Internet users consulting the website of the Italian Chapter of the International League Against Epilepsy (Lega Italiana Contro l'Epilessia [LICE]). We obtained the visualization statistics of the LICE website using AWStats (https://awstats.sourceforge. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Neuroprotective effects of a novel carnosine-hydrazide derivative on hippocampal CA1 damage after transient cerebral ischemia.

Eur J Med Chem 2018 Nov 28;163:207-214. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kurume University, School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan. Electronic address:

Ischemia-reperfusion injuries produce reactive oxygen species that promote the peroxide lipid oxidation process resulting in the production of an endogenic lipid peroxide, 4-hydroxy-trans-2-nonenal (4-HNE), a highly cytotoxic aldehyde that induces cell death. We synthesized a novel 4-HNE scavenger - a carnosine-hydrazide derivative, l-carnosine hydrazide (CNN) - and examined its neuroprotective effect in a model of transient ischemia. PC-12 cells were pre-incubated with various doses (0-50 mmol/L) of CNN for 30 min, followed by incubation with 4-HNE (250 μM). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Microbubble aeration enhances performance of vacuum membrane distillation desalination by alleviating membrane scaling.

Water Res 2018 Nov 20;149:588-595. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

School of Environmental Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Control and Resource Reuse, Tongji University, 1239, Siping Road, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, Shanghai, 200092, China. Electronic address:

Membrane fouling, especially inorganic fouling due to salt crystal formation and deposition on the membrane surface, is still a major technical issue in membrane distillation (MD) applications. In this study, microbubble aeration (MBA) was included in a laboratory-scale vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) rig and its effect on a desalination process was examined. Without MBA, serious membrane scaling occurred during desalination of simulated high-salinity sea water (100 g. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Quality improvement: A practical nursing program's admission test.

Nurse Educ Today 2018 Nov 29;73:65-70. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, 430 Sinclair School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, United States of America. Electronic address:

Introduction: Academic institutions are under pressure to maintain a nearly flawless retention rate, while graduating successful students. The use of standardized admission tests to provide data driven decisions regarding applicant selection is common. The varying reliability and validity of current standardized tests inspired a large Canadian academic institution to use a faculty developed admission test for admission to its practical nursing (PN) program. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads
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