23,643 results match your criteria Scarring Alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia in women and men is not related to COVID-19 infection severity: A prospective cohort study of hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

The ongoing outbreak of COVID-19 has posed significant threats to international health. The first biologic step of potential infectivity of COVID-19 is the priming of the spike proteins by transmembrane protease, serine 2 (TMPRSS2). TMPRSS2 cleave angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) for augmented viral entry and thus is regarded as essential for viral spread and pathogenesis in the infected hosts . Read More

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Low-Level Light Therapy Downregulates Scalp Inflammatory Biomarkers in Men With Androgenetic Alopecia and Boosts Minoxidil 2% to Bring a Sustainable Hair Regrowth Activity.

Lasers Surg Med 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

L'OREAL Research and Innovation, 188, rue Paul Hochart, Chevilly Larue, 94550, France.

Background And Objectives: Low-level light therapies using visible to infrared light are known to activate several cellular functions, such as adenosine triphosphate and nitric oxide synthesis. However, few clinical observations report its biological consequences for skin and scalp homeostasis. Since scalp inflammation was recognized as a potential physiological obstacle to the efficacy of the reference hair regrowth drug Minoxidil in vivo and since perifollicular inflammation is the hallmark of about 50%-70% follicular units in androgenetic alopecia, we decided to investigate whether the anti-inflammatory activity of LLLT/GentleWaves® device were assigned to L'Oréal by Light BioScience L. Read More

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Alemtuzumab-induced Alopecia areata - a case report and systematic literature review of adverse events associated with Alemtuzumab.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Klinik für Hautkrankheiten, Universitätsklinikum Münster [Dermatology clinic, University Hospital Münster, Germany.

Alemtuzumab is currently approved for the treatment of active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Despite the efficacy of this therapy several side effects in the skin have been noted during or after infusion including vitiligo, alopecia areata, malignant skin tumors and infections. Awareness of these effects and their treatment is of essential interdisciplinary importance. Read More

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Quick Systemic Lupus Activity Questionnaire (Q-SLAQ): a simplified version of SLAQ for patient-reported disease activity.

Lupus Sci Med 2021 May;8(1)

Rheumatology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Most indices of disease activity in SLE combine physicians' assessments and laboratory tests. However, there is also a need to capture patients' perspectives of disease activity. Consequently, we need new, preferably quick and easy instruments to collect this information, which can be very useful for online consultations and registry purposes. Read More

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Shedding light on therapeutics in alopecia and their relevance to COVID-19.

Clin Dermatol 2021 Jan-Feb;39(1):76-83. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

National and International Skin Registry Solutions (NISR), Charles Institute of Dermatology, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland; Hair Restoration Blackrock, Dublin, Ireland.

As of July 9, 2020, there were more than 12 million confirmed cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) across the globe, with more than 550,000 deaths. Many European countries, including Belgium, the United Kingdom, Italy, and Spain, have had the highest numbers of fatalities per capita. This indicates the potential for the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus to overwhelm even the most advanced health care systems despite extreme societal interventions. Read More

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December 2020

Polymorphism in BACH2 gene is a marker of polyglandular autoimmunity.

Endocrine 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Purpose: Genetically predisposed individuals may develop several autoimmune diseases-autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes (APS). APS types 2-4, are complex disorders, which combine various organ-specific autoimmune conditions. Recent reports support the considerable role of the BACH2 gene in immune cell differentiation and shifting the T-cell balance towards regulatory T-cells. Read More

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Transcription factor FOXC1 positively regulates SFRP1 expression in androgenetic alopecia.

Exp Cell Res 2021 May 6:112618. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China. Electronic address:

Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common type of hair loss dysfunction. Secreted frizzled related protein 1 (SFRP1) is found to be associated with hair loss, but its role in AGA and the regulation mechanism of its transcription level is unclear. The aim of our study is to explore the expression of SFRP1 in AGA samples and its transcriptional mechanism. Read More

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Omenn syndrome caused by a novel homozygous mutation in recombination activating gene 1.

Immunobiology 2021 Apr 28;226(3):152090. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Laboratory of Genomics and Human Genetics,Institut Pasteur du Maroc, 1 Place Louis Pasteur, 20360 Casablanca, Morocco. Electronic address:

Omenn syndrome (OS) is a type of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) that is distinguished by, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, erythroderma, alopecia with normal to elevated T-cell counts, eosinophilia, and elevated serum IgE levels. Recombination activation gene (RAG) 1 or RAG2 mutations that result in partial V(D)J recombination activity are known to be the main cause of OS. Other genes (DCLRE1C, LIG4, IL7RA, common gamma chain, ADA, RMRP, and CHD7) have also been linked to OS, although with low frequency. Read More

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The evolution of the socio-cultural and religious characteristics of cancer patients in Morocco: case of the National Institute of Oncology Rabat.

BMC Cancer 2021 May 7;21(1):516. Epub 2021 May 7.

Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.

Background: In 2020, Morocco recorded more than 59,370 new cases of cancer and more than 35,265 cases of death (International Agency for Research on Cancer, Annual report Morocco, 2020). Cancer is always accompanied by socially constructed, differentiated, and contingent interpretations and practices according to the socio-cultural and religious characteristics of each region. The study aims at describing the evolution of the socio-cultural and religious aspects of Moroccan cancer patients followed at the National Institute of Oncology (NIO) of Rabat between 2010 and 2020. Read More

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Clinical course of alopecia after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Disease Control and Prevention Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

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Alopecia areata is not a risk factor for heart diseases: A 10-year retrospective cohort study.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(5):e0250216. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Dermatology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune skin disease caused by chronic inflammation of hair follicles. Chronic inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis and lupus erythematosus can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, the relationship between AA and heart diseases (HDs) remains unclear. Read More

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Diffuse cicatricial alopecia and multiple telangiectatic indurated leg plaques.

Int J Dermatol 2021 Jun 9;60(6):e222-e226. Epub 2020 Aug 9.

Dermatology Department, Kasr Al Aini Hospital, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

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Emerging Skin Toxicities in Patients with Breast Cancer Treated with New Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4/6 Inhibitors: A Systematic Review.

Drug Saf 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Dermatology, San Gallicano Dermatological Institute-IRCCS, Via Elio Chianesi 53, 00144, Rome, Italy.

Three cyclin-dependent kinases 4/6, including palbociclib, ribociclib, and abemaciclib, have been approved for the treatment of patients with hormone receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative advanced breast cancer. The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence and clinical spectrum of cutaneous adverse events in patients with breast cancer following therapy with cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors. A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases up to November 2020 to evaluate studies published from 2015 to 2020. Read More

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Case Report: Scarring Alopecia After Scalp Avulsion.

Mil Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Dermatology, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, VA 23708, USA.

Scalp avulsion is a rare trauma in the developed world but is a common injury in countries with poorly established infrastructure and safety regulations. This case reports the long-term sequelae of this injury, observed while conducting a humanitarian mission, and discusses immediate actions for management in an acute setting. We aim to increase awareness about this injury, its risk factors, and treatment options to better prepare clinicians in the developed world to provide care for this condition in the austere environment, which may include not only chronic pain, functional, and aesthetic concerns, but also a psychological impact that persists years after the initial injury. Read More

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Nevus Unius Lateris with Bilateral Oral Mucosal Lesions: An Unusual Presentation.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2021 Mar-Apr;12(2):302-306. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

Verrucous epidermal nevi (VEN) are cutaneous hamartomas characterized by keratinocytic hyperplasia. Majority are linear in distribution and tend to follow the Blaschko lines; however, some may have zosteriform (segmental) or systematized distribution involving widespread areas of skin. The systematized ones are further classified into "" when one-half of the body is affected, and "" showing bilateral distribution, both being the uncommon forms. Read More

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February 2021

Clinico-Epidemiological Profile of Childhood Alopecia Areata Along with Dermoscopic Correlation: A Cross-Section, Observational Study.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2021 Mar-Apr;12(2):250-257. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Dermatology, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background: Childhood alopecia areata (AA) is a common cause of dermatologic consultation; however, data is scarce in the present set-up.

Objectives: To evaluate the clinico-epidemiological profile of childhood AA along with dermoscopic correlation.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study including 50 new cases of childhood AA for 1 year. Read More

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Guided suturing technique for midface lift through minimal temporal incision.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, 33 Badachu Rd., Shijingshan District, Beijing 100144, China. Electronic address:

Background: The midface has been a difficult zone to manage in rejuvenating surgeries. The major challenge for midface lift is to achieve extensive dissection and elevate the composite tissues en bloc through minimal incisions.

Methods: In a total of 22 composite midface lift cases, a titanium cable wire was used. Read More

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Permanent Alopecia in Breast Cancer Patients: Role of Taxanes and Endocrine Therapies.

Cutis 2021 Mar;107(3):E17-E22

Dr. Slaught is from the Department of Dermatology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland. Dr. Roman is from the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Dr. Yashar is from the Dermatology Service, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, California. Drs. Holland and Goh are from the Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles.

Permanent chemotherapy-induced alopecia (PCIA) has been described following high-dose chemotherapy regimens for allogeneic bone marrow transplants; however, reports of PCIA in breast cancer patients are increasing. Many prior reports involve treatment with taxanes, but the role of endocrine therapies has not been well defined. Permanent alopecia in breast cancer patients appears to be a potential adverse effect of taxanes and endocrine therapies. Read More

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Reduction of telogen rate and increase of hair density in androgenetic alopecia by a cosmetic product: Results of a randomized, prospective, vehicle-controlled double-blind study in men.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Dermatology, Municipal Clinics Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany.

Background: Considerable parts of the global population are affected by androgenetic alopecia (AGA).

Aims: The efficacy of a foam containing nicotinic acid hexyl ester, polyphenols, zinc, glycine, and caffeine in comparison with a vehicle control foam was assessed in a double-blind vehicle-controlled study in men with AGA over 6 months.

Patients/methods: Sixty-two men with AGA were assigned either to the active ingredients (verum) or the vehicle group. Read More

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Aggregation of autoimmunity in extended families of people with autoimmune Addison's disease.

Intern Med J 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, 49 Przybyszewskiego, 60-355, Poznań, Poland.

Background: Autoimmunity accounts for 90% of cases of primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease, AD). Affected persons present a significant co-occurrence of autoimmune conditions, hence, clustering of autoimmunity is also predicted among their relatives.

Aims: The aim of our study was to evaluate the burden of autoimmunity in families of people with AD. Read More

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Clinical report of a Holstein's calf with ichthyosis.

Vet Res Forum 2021 15;12(1):133-135. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

Congenital ichthyosis is a disease associated with hair loss and the presence of horny plates in the epidermis, covering the whole skin. The leading cause of the disease in humans and animals is genetic disorders, and they can be found in mild and severe forms. In June 2015, a newly born calf of the Holstein breed was referred to the Livestock Veterinary Hospital internal ward, Shabestar, Iran. Read More

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Wal Mutant Mice Have a Mutation Associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Dokl Biol Sci 2021 Mar 4;497(1):59-61. Epub 2021 May 4.

Koltsov Institute of Developmental Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119334, Moscow, Russia.

The waved alopecia (wal) mutation arose spontaneously in mice. Phenotypically, the wal mutation in a homozygous recessive state is manifested by a wavy coat. Over time, partial baldness develops, which leads to a thinning of the coat in mice. Read More

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Evolving Phenotypes of non-hospitalized Patients that Indicate Long Covid.

medRxiv 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Many of the symptoms characterized as the post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC) could have multiple causes or similarly seen in non-COVID patients. An accurate identification of phenotypes will be important to guide future research and the healthcare system to focus its efforts and resources on adequately controlled age- and gender-specific sequelae of COVID-19 infection. This retrospective electronic health records (EHR) cohort study, we applied a computational framework for knowledge discovery from clinical data, MLHO, to identify phenotypes that positively associate with a past positive PCR test for COVID-19. Read More

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Comedonal plaque on the scalp.

JAAD Case Rep 2021 May 25;11:90-92. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Dermatology, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Ibn Sina University Hospital, Rabat, Morocco.

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A Phase 1 Study to Investigate the Effects of Cortexolone 17α-Propionate, Also Known as Clascoterone, on the QT Interval Using the Meal Effect to Demonstrate ECG Assay Sensitivity.

Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Cortexolone 17α-propionate, also known as clascoterone, is a potent androgen receptor inhibitor intended for the topical treatment of skin diseases associated with androgenic pathway alterations. In nonclinical studies, cortexolone 17α-propionate was found to have a weak inhibitory effect on human Ether-à-go-go-Related Gene (hERG) potassium channels, which are vital for normal electrical activity in the heart. When used in a cream formulation, little cortexolone 17α-propionate is absorbed. Read More

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Biallelic splicing variants in the nucleolar 60S assembly factor RBM28 cause the ribosomopathy ANE syndrome.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 May;118(19)

Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520;

Alopecia, neurologic defects, and endocrinopathy (ANE) syndrome is a rare ribosomopathy known to be caused by a p.(Leu351Pro) variant in the essential, conserved, nucleolar large ribosomal subunit (60S) assembly factor RBM28. We report the second family of ANE syndrome to date and a female pediatric ANE syndrome patient. Read More

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Treatment of Pediatric Alopecia Areata: A Systematic Review.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Dermatology, University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune, non-scarring hair loss disorder with slightly greater prevalence in children than adults. Various treatment modalities exist; however, their evidence in pediatric AA patients is lacking.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review on the PubMed database in October 2019 for all published articles involving patients <18 years old. Read More

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Home-based devices in dermatology: a systematic review of safety and efficacy.

Arch Dermatol Res 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Dermatology, State University of New York, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Ave, Brooklyn, NY, 11203, USA.

There is increasing demand for home-based devices for the treatment of dermatologic conditions and cosmesis. Commercially available devices include intense pulsed light, laser diodes, radiofrequency, light-emitting diodes, and ultraviolet B phototherapy. The objective of this report is to evaluate the current evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of home-based devices for the treatment of skin conditions. Read More

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