3,762 results match your criteria Scarlet Fever
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018 11 26;162. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Reinier de Graaf Gasthuis, afd. Kindergeneeskunde, Delft.
Background: Haemolytic group A streptococci (GAS) are the most common bacterial cause of infection in the Netherlands. These bacteria can cause many different non-invasive infections, including scarlet fever.
Case Description: A two-year-old girl presented with fever, tachycardia, exanthema and swelling in the neck. Read More
Acta Med Hist Adriat 2018 Dec;16(2):203-238
Clinical pathology, Stedelijk Ziekenhuis, Roeselare, Belgium.
A discussion is given of the figure of Johann Bachoven von Echt and his family, and on his work on scurvy. The disease is evaluated as a possible cause of the death of Andreas Vesalius. Echt's relationship with Jan Wier and his connections with Vesalius and Metellus are illustrated. Read More
Theriogenology 2018 Nov 19;125:236-241. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Platform Artificial Insemination and Embryo Transfer, Department for Small Animals and Horses, Vetmeduni Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:
In the horse, it is still unclear if and to what extent low progestin concentration contributes to early conceptus loss. In the present study, we have investigated if reduced or elevated progestin concentration in the early luteal phase influences endometrial function and conceptus development. We hypothesized that reduced progestin concentration via delayed downregulation of endometrial progesterone receptors (PR) influences endometrial function in healthy fertile mares while progestin substitution does not. Read More
J Youth Adolesc 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Nov 19;123:1062-1069. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
School of Chemical Engineering and Energy Technology, Dongguan University of Technology, Dongguan, China.
Understanding the molecular mechanisms of azo dye decolorization is important for the development of effective bioremediation for textile-colored wastewater. A halophilic bacterium Halomonas sp. strain GT was isolated, which could degrade the azo dye Acid Brilliant Scarlet GR at 10% NaCl. Read More
Am Surg 2018 Apr;84(4):e147-e149
Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2018 Oct;39(10):1375-1380
Beijing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing Research Center for Preventive Medicine, Beijing 100013, China.
To analyze the characteristics of super-antigen (SAg) of group A (GAS), isolated from patients with scarlet fever or pharyngeal infections in Beijing between 2015-2017. Throat swab specimens from patients with scarlet fever or pharyngeal infections were collected and tested for GAS. Eleven currently known SAg genes including ACGHIJ, KLMZ and were tested by real-time PCR while M protein genes ( genes) were amplified and sequenced by PCR. Read More
PLoS One 2018 14;13(11):e0205609. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, Japan.
The crustacean Daphnia magna is an important model in multi-disciplinary scientific fields such as genetics, evolutionary developmental biology, toxicology, and ecology. Recently, the draft genome sequence and transcriptome data became publicly available for this species. Genetic transformation has also been achieved via the introduction of plasmid DNA into the genome. Read More
Hong Kong Med J 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
Department of Paediatrics, Alberta Children's Hospital, The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Group A β-haemolytic or is a gram-positive coccus that tends to grow in chains. is the cause of many important human diseases, ranging from pharyngitis and mild superficial skin infections to life-threatening systemic diseases. Infections typically begin in the throat or skin. Read More
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Oct;52(10):1045-1049
Department of Infectious Disease, Tianjin Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Tianjin 300011, China.
To investigate the etiological characteristics of pyogenes that caused scarlet fever from 2012 to 2016 in Tianjin. The subjects were children diagnosed clinically as scarlet fever in Tianjin scarlet fever monitoring hospital from 2012 to 2016. The exclusion criteria were children with scarlet fever who were unable to cooperate with sampling. Read More
Data Brief 2018 Dec 9;21:675-683. Epub 2018 Oct 9.
College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA.
X-ray crystallography and DFT calculations were used to characterize the molecular nature and excited state properties of isomeric photostable azo dyes for textile fibers undergoing extensive sunlight exposure. Structural data in CIF files arising from X-ray analysis are reported and the complete files are deposited with the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre as CCDC 1548989 (https://www.ccdc. Read More
Mol Phylogenet Evol 2018 Oct 25;131:48-54. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Department of Biological Sciences, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA.
Australo-Pacific Petroica robins are known for their striking variability in sexual plumage coloration. Molecular studies in recent years have revised the taxonomy of species and subspecies boundaries across the southwest Pacific and New Guinea. However, these studies have not been able to resolve phylogenetic relationships within Petroica owing to limited sampling of the nuclear genome. Read More
Clin Infect Dis 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.
Dr Foster Unit, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.
Background: The 'Quality Premium' (QP) introduced in England in 2015 aimed to financially reward local healthcare commissioners for targeted reductions in primary care antibiotic prescribing. We aimed to evaluate possible unintended clinical outcomes related to this QP.
Methods: Using Clinical Practice Research Datalink and Hospital Episode Statistics datasets, we examined general practitioner (GP) consultations (visits) and emergency hospital admissions related to a series of pre-defined conditions of unintended consequences of reduced prescribing. Read More
PLoS One 2018 11;13(10):e0205363. Epub 2018 Oct 11.
Department of field crops, Faculty of Agricultural and Natural Science, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.
Turkey presents a great diversity of common bean landraces in farmers' fields. We collected 183 common bean accessions from 19 different Turkish geographic regions and 5 scarlet runner bean accessions to investigate their genetic diversity and population structure using phenotypic information (growth habit, and seed weight, flower color, bracteole shape and size, pod shape and leaf shape and color), geographic provenance and 12,557 silicoDArT markers. A total of 24. Read More
J Am Coll Surg 2018 Oct;227(4):477-478
Alzheimers Res Ther 2018 Sep 27;10(1):99. Epub 2018 Sep 27.
Clinical Pharmacology and Bioanalytical R&D, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Roche Innovation Center Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Following publication of the original article , the author reported errors in the formatting of the table. The details of the errors are as follows. Read More
Analyst 2018 Oct;143(21):5161-5169
State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Biomedical pioneering innovation center (BIOPIC), School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.
The BiFC (bimolecular fluorescence complementation) assay and BiFC combined with FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) technique have become important tools for molecular interaction studies in live cells. However, the real detection and cellular imaging performances of most existing red fluorescent protein-derived BiFC assays still suffer from relatively low ensemble brightness, high cytotoxicity, the red fluorescent proteins being prone-to-aggregation or severe residual dimerization, inefficient complementation and slow maturation at 37 °C physiological temperature in live mammalian cells. We developed a BiFC assay based on a recently evolved truly monomeric red fluorescent protein (FP) mScarlet-I with excellent cellular performances such as low cytotoxicity, fast and efficient chromophore maturation and the highest in-cell brightness among all previously reported monomeric red fluorescent proteins. Read More
Plant Dis 2018 11 19;102(11):2158-2169. Epub 2018 Sep 19.
Facultad de Agronomía e Ingeniería Forestal, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Santiago, Chile.
Moldy core (MC) of apple is an important disease in Chile, with prevalence observed between 4 and 46% in Fuji, Oregon Spur Red Chief, and Scarlet apple in the 2014-15 and 2015-16 growing seasons. However, there is no information on the identity of the causal agents associated with MC in Chile. The analysis of 653 MC fruit revealed the presence of several genera of filamentous fungi. Read More
Front Public Health 2018 31;6:231. Epub 2018 Aug 31.
Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
The central role of community and peer-led programs has been a key characteristic of the Australian partnership response to HIV and hepatitis C since the beginning of the epidemics. Despite this, peer-led programs continue to have limited capacity to demonstrate their role and value as part of a multi-sectoral response. What makes one peer-led program a better investment than another? What role does the rest of the sector have in ensuring we gain the most value from these investments? To investigate this, we facilitated interactive systems thinking methods with 10 programs working within communities of people who inject drugs, gay men, sex workers and people living with HIV across Australia. Read More
J Cell Sci 2018 Sep 17;131(18). Epub 2018 Sep 17.
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Patrick Cunningham is the first author on 'Neurodegeneration and locomotor dysfunction in mutants', published in Journal of Cell Science. Patrick is a PhD student in the lab of Daniel T. Read More
BMJ 2018 Aug 30;362:k3005. Epub 2018 Aug 30.
J Cell Sci 2018 Sep 17;131(18). Epub 2018 Sep 17.
Department of Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons, resulting in progressive locomotor dysfunction. Identification of genes required for the maintenance of these neurons should help to identify potential therapeutic targets. However, little is known regarding the factors that render dopaminergic neurons selectively vulnerable to PD. Read More
Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Sep;18(9):943-944
Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Sep;18(9):942
Infectious Disease Service, Department of Paediatrics, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore 229899.
Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Sep;18(9):942-943
State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China. Electronic address:
Epidemiol Infect 2018 Aug 15:1-6. Epub 2018 Aug 15.
Wesfarmers Centre for Vaccines and Infectious Diseases,Telethon Kids Institute,University of Western Australia,Perth,Australia.
Streptococcus pyogenes (or Group A Streptococcus, GAS) is a Gram-positive human pathogen responsible for a diverse array of superficial, invasive and immune-related diseases. GAS infections have historically been diseases of poverty and overcrowding, and remain a significant problem in the developing world and in disadvantaged populations within developed countries. With improved living conditions and access to antibiotics, the rates of GAS diseases in developed societies have gradually declined during the 20th century. Read More
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 08 13;115(35):8740-8745. Epub 2018 Aug 13.
Department of Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802;
Hundreds of scarlet macaw () skeletons have been recovered from archaeological contexts in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico (SW/NW). The location of these skeletons, >1,000 km outside their Neotropical endemic range, has suggested a far-reaching pre-Hispanic acquisition network. Clear evidence for scarlet macaw breeding within this network is only known from the settlement of Paquimé in NW dating between 1250 and 1450 CE. Read More
EJVES Short Rep 2018 18;39:7-11. Epub 2018 Apr 18.
The Whiteley Clinic, Stirling House, Guildford, UK.
Objectives: To analyse the biological effects of a 1920 nm endovenous laser (EVL) on extra-fascial great saphenous vein (GSV) .
Methods: A 10 cm length of a large tributary bypassing a hypoplastic segment of the GSV (sometimes called an "extra-fascial GSV") was obtained during routine varicose vein surgery. The length was treated in five sections with different LEEDs (0 (control), 20, 40, 60, and 80 J/cm) with a 1920 nm EVL at 4W power, in a novel treatment model. Read More
Am Surg 2018 Jun;84(6):1120-1122
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2018 Dec;39(4):375-377
Department of Pathology, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China.
This article reports a case of Kawasaki disease (KD) and its rapid fatal course in a 5-year-old boy, who 3 days before hospitalization demonstrated fever and diffuse erythema in the face, neck, and torso, as well as swelling and pain below the right earlobe. During the admission, he was diagnosed with mumps and suspected scarlet fever. Abnormal laboratory findings included elevated values of procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and interleukin 6. Read More
Gigascience 2018 07;7(7)
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Tree Breeding by Molecular Design, National Engineering Laboratory for Tree Breeding, Key Laboratory of Genetics and Breeding in Forest Trees and Ornamental Plants, Ministry of Education, College of Biological Sciences and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China.
Background: Salvia splendens Ker-Gawler, scarlet or tropical sage, is a tender herbaceous perennial widely introduced and seen in public gardens all over the world. With few molecular resources, breeding is still restricted to traditional phenotypic selection, and the genetic mechanisms underlying phenotypic variation remain unknown. Hence, a high-quality reference genome will be very valuable for marker-assisted breeding, genome editing, and molecular genetics. Read More
Phys Med Biol 2018 Jul 16;63(14):145012. Epub 2018 Jul 16.
Wellington Blood and Cancer Centre, Wellington Hospital, Wellington, New Zealand.
This study aimed to quantify the sensitivity and specificity of time-resolved point dose measurements. Criteria were defined to assess whether errors would cause a clinically relevant dose deviation during patient treatment. The sensitivity and specificity were determined based on verification measurements of five error-free plans and 84 intentional error plans. Read More
Public Health 2018 Aug 14;161:59-66. Epub 2018 Jun 14.
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China; Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing 210009, China. Electronic address:
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the relationships between meteorological factors and the incidence of scarlet fever in different populations for scientific prevention strategies.
Study Design: An ecological study was conducted.
Methods: The seasonal index was used to detect the seasonal pattern of scarlet fever. Read More
Shock 2018 Jun 13. Epub 2018 Jun 13.
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America.
Only a handful of published reports exist today that describe neurological complications following smoke inhalation injury. In this study, we characterize acute pathophysiological changes in the brain of sheep exposed to smoke inhalation, with- and without third-degree skin burn that models the injuries sustained by human victims of fire accidents. Blood-brain barrier integrity and hemorrhage were analyzed throughout the brain using specific histological stains: Hematoxylin & Eosin, Luxol fast blue, Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS), and Martius, Scarlet and Blue (MSB). Read More
J Avian Med Surg 2018 Jun;32(2):144-151
The population of the Central American scarlet macaw ( Ara macao cyanoptera) and other parrots have and continue to decline throughout the region largely from poaching to supply the illegal wildlife trade. Conservation efforts address this issue through protection efforts, including community patrols and government engagement, as well as nest monitoring, rescue and release operations, capacity building, and education and consciousness raising programs, all of which rely on long-lasting relationships and commitment. Using these principles, in 2010, a coalition of people came together, including the authors, to build a conservation program against overwhelming odds and with surprising success. Read More
Zoolog Sci 2018 Jun;35(3):260-267
1 Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan.
Many species of ladybird beetles (Coccinellidae) possess vivid body colors. These colors and patterns show diversity between coccinellid species, or even within species. However, the molecular underpinnings of these striking body colors are scarcely understood. Read More
N Engl J Med 2018 Jun;378(23):2157-2159
From the Departments of Internal Medicine, Palliative Medicine, and Family and Community Medicine, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 06 4;115(25):E5824-E5833. Epub 2018 Jun 4.
Department of Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095
The mechanisms controlling the transcription of gene sets in specific regions of a plant embryo shortly after fertilization remain unknown. Previously, we showed that G564 mRNA, encoding a protein of unknown function, accumulates to high levels in the giant suspensor of both Scarlet Runner Bean (SRB) and Common Bean embryos, and a -regulatory module containing three unique DNA sequences, designated as the 10-bp, Region 2, and Fifth motifs, is required for suspensor-specific transcription [Henry KF, et al. (2015) 88:207-217; Kawashima T, et al. Read More
Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Aug 29;18(8):823-824. Epub 2018 May 29.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China. Electronic address:
Lancet Infect Dis 2018 Aug 29;18(8):903-912. Epub 2018 May 29.
Department of Infectious Diseases, Zhejiang Provincial Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China. Electronic address:
Background: A re-emergence of scarlet fever has been noted in Hong Kong, South Korea, and England, UK, since 2008. China also had a sudden increase in the incidence of the disease in 2011. In this study, we aimed to assess the epidemiological changes before and after the upsurge. Read More
Molecules 2018 May 29;23(6). Epub 2018 May 29.
Department of Soil Science, Grassland Management and Environmental Chemistry, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Słowackiego 17 Str., Szczecin 71-434, Poland.
(Lamiaceae) is a promising source of potential antioxidants, and its extracts can be used in pharmaceutical industry, as well as in food products and cosmetics. Salicylic acid (SA) affects many physiological and metabolic processes in vascular plants under salinity stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the response of to either SA, or sodium chloride (NaCl), or a combination of both. Read More
JAMA Surg 2018 Aug;153(8):705-711
Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Importance: Prior studies demonstrate a high prevalence of burnout and depression among surgeons. Limited data exist regarding how these conditions are perceived by the surgical community.
Objectives: To measure prevalence of burnout and depression among general surgery trainees and to characterize how residents and attendings perceive these conditions. Read More
BMC Pulm Med 2018 May 22;18(1):77. Epub 2018 May 22.
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryou-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8574, Japan.
Background: Occupational lung diseases, such as pneumoconiosis, are one of the health problems of dental workers that have been receiving increasing interest. Pulmonary amyloidosis is a heterogenous group of diseases, and can be classified into primary (idiopathic) and secondary (associated with various inflammatory diseases, hereditary, or neoplastic). To date, the development of pulmonary amyloidosis in dental workers has not been reported. Read More
Theriogenology 2018 Sep 15;117:72-77. Epub 2018 May 15.
Graf Lehndorff Institute for Equine Science, Neustadt (Dosse), Germany.
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) has gained increasing interest as a biomarker for assessment of gonadal activity. The ability to predict the ovarian follicular reserve of prepubertal female horses (fillies) or to identify stallions with testicular pathologies already during their prepubertal life has not been analyzed so far. Both would help to select fertile horses and reduce costs associated with keeping animals. Read More
AMA J Ethics 2018 May 1;20(5):501-506. Epub 2018 May 1.
A trauma surgeon and the chief of the General and Acute Care Surgery Division of the Department of Surgery at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
David Nance's photographs invite us to cross the liminal space between road and roadside and to consider the experience that trauma surgeons share with injured patients and the families of the injured and the dead. Just as trauma surgeons use the tools of science and surgery to make order out of the chaos of "the scene," so patients' families use art, found objects, and grief to transform anonymous roadsides into specific, personal remembrances. Bound together by the uncertainties of trauma, we can all stand at the side of the road bearing witness to both the inevitability and unpredictability of death. Read More
AMA J Ethics 2018 May 1;20(5):483-491. Epub 2018 May 1.
The chief of trauma and acute care surgery at the University of Chicago, where he is also the director of the new trauma center.
In the past, trauma centers have almost exclusively focused on caring for patients who suffer from physical trauma resulting from violence. However, as clinicians' perspectives on violence shift, violence prevention and intervention have been increasingly recognized as integral aspects of trauma care. Hospital-based violence intervention programs are an emerging strategy for ending the cycle of violence by focusing efforts in the trauma center context. Read More
Homeopathy 2018 08 12;107(3):157-160. Epub 2018 May 12.
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States.
Background: Homeopathy has been used to treat epidemic diseases since the time of Hahnemann, who used Belladonna to treat scarlet fever. Since then, several approaches using homeopathy for epidemic diseases have been proposed, including individualization, combination remedies, genus epidemicus, and isopathy.
Methods: The homeopathic research literature was searched to find examples of each of these approaches and to evaluate which were effective. Read More
Clin Infect Dis 2018 Oct;67(9):1445-1449
Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor.
In 1882, at 19 months of age, Helen Keller developed a febrile illness that left her both deaf and blind. Historical biographies attribute the illness to rubella, scarlet fever, encephalitis, or meningitis. This analysis of her illness suggests she likely had bacterial meningitis, caused by Neisseria meningitidis or possibly Haemophilus influenzae. Read More
Genome Announc 2018 May 3;6(18). Epub 2018 May 3.
State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
The incidence of scarlet fever cases remains high in China. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of a isolate of serotype M12, which has been confirmed as the predominant serotype in recent outbreaks. Genome sequencing was achieved by a combination of Oxford Nanopore MinION and Illumina methodologies. Read More