2,985 results match your criteria Scarlet Fever

Incidence and Effects of Acquisition of the Phage-Encoded Superantigen Gene in Invasive Group A .

Front Microbiol 2021 4;12:685343. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

The acquisition of the phage-encoded superantigen by scarlet fever-associated group A (, GAS) is found in North Asia. Nonetheless, the impact of acquiring by GAS in invasive infections is unclear. This study initially analyzed the prevalence of + GAS among isolates from sterile tissues and blood. Read More

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[Epidemiological characteristics of infectious diseases of group A, B and C among Chinese students' population].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Jun;53(3):498-505

Institute of Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: To analyze the secular trend, ranking change, age- and regional- characteristics of leading infectious diseases among Chinese students population aged 6 to 22 years from 2008 to 2017.

Methods: Data were drawn from the national surveillance from 2008 to 2017, and the participants were students aged from 6 to 22 years who were diagnosed with notifiable infectious diseases. A total of 40 infectious diseases were classified into three groups based on national notifiable infectious diseases classification of A, B and C. Read More

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Invasive Streptococcus pyogenes disease in Spain: a microbiological and epidemiological study covering the period 2007-2019.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Laboratorio de Referencia e Investigación en Taxonomía, Centro Nacional de Microbiología (CNM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Madrid, Spain.

The aim of this study is to present the first nationwide microbiological and epidemiological study of invasive group A Streptococcus (iGAS) disease in Spain. One thousand eight hundred ninety-three iGAS isolates were analyzed over 2007-2019. emm typing was performed by sequencing the gene's variable 5' end, exotoxin genes were identified by PCR, and antimicrobial susceptibility explored via the E test and disk diffusion. Read More

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Ein fruchtiger Klassiker für die Blickdiagnose.

MMW Fortschr Med 2021 05;163(9):28

Facharzt für Innere Medizin, München, Deutschland.

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Spatiotemporal clustering and meteorological factors affected scarlet fever incidence in mainland China from 2004 to 2017.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 28;777:146145. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Changzhi Medical College, Changzhi 046000, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To analyze the spatiotemporal dynamic distribution and detect the related meteorological factors of scarlet fever from an ecological perspective, which could provide scientific information for effective prevention and control of this disease.

Methods: The data on scarlet fever cases in mainland China were downloaded from the Data Center of the China Public Health Science, while monthly meteorological data were extracted from the official website of the National Bureau of Statistics. Global Moran's I, local Getis-Ord G hotspot statistics, and Kulldorff's retrospective space-time scan statistical analysis were used to detect the spatial and spatiotemporal clusters of scarlet fever across all settings. Read More

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[To Have or Not to Have, That is the Question: The Impact of the Availability of Microbiological Identification].

Acta Med Port 2021 Feb 1;34(2):159. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Serviço de Medicina Interna 2.1. Hospital de Santo António dos Capuchos. Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central. Lisboa. Portugal.

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February 2021

Localized Scarlatiniform Rash of the Ears and Antecubital Fossa in COVID-19.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Feb;34(Suppl):S183-S185

From 7th Medical Group, Dyess Air Force Base, US Air Force, Abilene TX (TTP, DMY); Abilene Dermatology & Skin Surgery Center, Abilene TX (PBR).

The worldwide spread of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has led to a global pandemic since its identification in Wuhan, China in December 2019. Few cases of COVID-19-associated dermatologic manifestations have been reported in the literature to date. This report describes the clinical features of a localized pruritic scarlatiniform rash of the ears and antecubital fossa on defervescence in a 29-year-old patient with COVID-19. Read More

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February 2021

Characterization of group A beta-haemolytic streptococcus with mucoid phenotype isolated in a tertiary hospital.

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed) 2021 Feb 13. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, España; Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba, Córdoba, España; Departamento de Química Agrícola, Edafología y Microbiología, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, España.

Introduction: The objective of this study is to characterize Streptococcus pyogenes isolates with a mucoid phenotype and to compare them with non-mucoid isolates obtained between April and August 2016.

Material And Methods: Identification and antimicrobial susceptibility were performed in all isolates. The emm type and exotoxin genes speA, speB, speC, speF, speG, speH, speJ, speZ and ssa were analyzed. Read More

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February 2021

Scarlet Fever After Streptococcus pyogenes Skin Infection Associated With FreeStyle Libre Glucose Monitoring.

Can J Diabetes 2020 Nov 30. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Department of Pediatric Diabetology, Pediatric Teaching Clinical Hospital, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

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November 2020

Thoughts, beliefs and concepts concerning infectious childhood diseases of physicians practicing homeopathic, anthroposophic and conventional medicine - a qualitative study.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2021 Jan 26;21(1):46. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité - Universitätsmedizin, Luisenstr. 57, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Physicians who include complementary medicine in their practice are thought to have an understanding of health and disease different from that of colleagues practicing conventional medicine. The aim of this study was to identify and compare the thoughts and concepts concerning infectious childhood diseases (measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, pertussis and scarlet fever) of physicians practicing homeopathic, anthroposophic and conventional medicine.

Methods: This qualitative study used semistructured interviews. Read More

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January 2021

Scarlet fever - a diagnostic challenge for dentists and physicians: A report of 2 cases with diverse symptoms.

Dent Med Probl 2020 Oct-Dec;57(4):455-459

Department of Gerodontology and Oral Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland.

Scarlet fever is an infectious disease caused by group A streptococcal bacteria, transmitted mainly through direct contact with the saliva and nasal fluids of infected people. It may also arise from streptococcal wound infections or burns. The disease most commonly affects children aged 5-15 years and manifests as a sore throat, fever and a sandpaper-like, papular skin rash. Read More

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February 2021

Natural or intended mummification? Specific case of a child mummy.

Anthropol Anz 2021 Jan 5. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Institute of Anatomy, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, U Nemocnice 3, CZ-128 01 Prague, Czech Republic.

The aim of this work was to document and analyze an exceptionally preserved mummified body of a six-year-old boy found in a family tomb in Skalná, Czech Republic. The boy died of scarlet fever in 1887, and was buried under ground in a cemetery in an unknown coffin shortly after death. His parents exhumed his cadaver and entombed it in the family crypt in two tin coffins a year later. Read More

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January 2021

Chronological changes in strawberry tongue in toxic shock syndrome toxin-1-mediated Exanthematous Disease.

J Gen Fam Med 2020 Nov 20;21(6):280-281. Epub 2020 Sep 20.

Department of Allergy Infectious Diseases and Immunology Gunma Children's Medical Center Shibukawa Japan.

Strawberry tongue is a useful diagnostic feature in various diseases such as Kawasaki disease, TSS, scarlet fever, and group A streptococcal pharyngitis. In this article, we report chronological changes in strawberry tongue in TSST-1-mediated exanthematous disease. Read More

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November 2020

Streptococcal Infection as a Major Historical Cause of Stuttering: Data, Mechanisms, and Current Importance.

Per A Alm

Front Hum Neurosci 2020 9;14:569519. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Stuttering is one of the most well-known speech disorders, but the underlying neurological mechanisms are debated. In addition to genetic factors, there are also major non-genetic contributions. It is here proposed that infection with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GAS) was a major underlying cause of stuttering until the mid-1900s when penicillin was introduced in 1943. Read More

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November 2020

[Textual research on Xilei Powder].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Sep;45(17):4262-4266

Beijing University of Chinese Medicine Beijing 100029, China.

Xilei Powder is a commonly used prescription for the treatment of oral ulcers, and is originally used to treat scarlet fever. Scarlet fever is a warm-toxin disease from the perspective of the theory of warm disease. It is a warm infectious disease caused by epidemic. Read More

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September 2020

Impact of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions on the Incidence of Respiratory Infections During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in Korea: A Nationwide Surveillance Study.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 04;72(7):e184-e191

Department of Pediatrics, Severance Children's Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Many countries have implemented nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to slow the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to determine whether NPIs led to the decline in the incidences of respiratory infections.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective, ecological study using a nationwide notifiable diseases database and a respiratory virus sample surveillance collected from January 2016 through July 2020 in the Republic of Korea. Read More

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Scarlet fever outbreak in a primary and middle school in Germany: importance of case ascertainment and risk communication.

Epidemiol Infect 2020 11 4;148:e278. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Local Health Authority Berlin Mitte, Berlin, Germany.

A cluster of 18 scarlet fever cases and large illness absenteeism (32%, 58/184) in a school prompted concern and further investigation. We conducted telephone interviews with parents to ascertain cases and better comprehend parents' views. We identified 19 cases, of which 13 reported scarlet fever diagnosis by a physician and only seven fulfilled the probable case definition. Read More

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November 2020

Severe scarlet fever in a child with Down syndrome - a case report.

Germs 2020 Sep 1;10(3):260-265. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

PhD, Pediatrics Department No2, I. Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University, 1 Maydan Voli, Ternopil, 46001 Ukraine.

Introduction: Scarlet fever is an acute infectious disease that is characterized by development of characteristic pin-point exanthema in a patient with signs of streptococcal pharyngitis and tonsillitis. Nowadays, due to effective antibacterial treatment, severe complicated cases of scarlet fever are occasionally rare. Because of immunity particularities, patients with Down syndrome are predisposed to bacterial respiratory diseases (and scarlet fever among them), that usually have prolonged complicated course. Read More

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September 2020

Mathematical modelling for scarlet fever with direct and indirect infections.

J Biol Dyn 2020 12;14(1):767-787

School of Mathematics and Statistics, Southwest University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.

Scarlet fever is an acute respiratory infectious disease and the incidence rate is increasing from 2011 throughout the world. In this paper, the mathematical models are proposed, which incorporate both direct transmissions and indirect transmissions of scarlet fever. The threshold conditions for disease invasion are obtained in terms of the basic reproduction number. Read More

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December 2020

Out-of-season increase of puerperal fever with group A infection: a case-control study, Netherlands, July to August 2018.

Euro Surveill 2020 10;25(40)

National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, Netherlands.

We observed an increase in notifications of puerperal group A (GAS) infections in July and August 2018 throughout the Netherlands without evidence for common sources. General practitioners reported a simultaneous increase in impetigo. We hypothesised that the outbreak of puerperal GAS infections resulted from increased exposure via impetigo in the community. Read More

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October 2020

Use of meteorological parameters for forecasting scarlet fever morbidity in Tianjin, Northern China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Feb 7;28(6):7281-7294. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Xinxiang Medical University, No. 601 Jinsui road, Hongqi District, Xinxiang City, 453003, Henan Province, People's Republic of China.

The scarlet fever incidence has increased drastically in recent years in China. However, the long-term relationship between climate variation and scarlet fever remains contradictory, and an early detection system is lacking. In this study, we aim to explore the potential long-term effects of variations in monthly climatic parameters on scarlet fever and to develop an early scarlet-fever detection tool. Read More

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February 2021

Prophage exotoxins enhance colonization fitness in epidemic scarlet fever-causing Streptococcus pyogenes.

Nat Commun 2020 10 6;11(1):5018. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre and School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD, Australia.

The re-emergence of scarlet fever poses a new global public health threat. The capacity of North-East Asian serotype M12 (emm12) Streptococcus pyogenes (group A Streptococcus, GAS) to cause scarlet fever has been linked epidemiologically to the presence of novel prophages, including prophage ΦHKU.vir encoding the secreted superantigens SSA and SpeC and the DNase Spd1. Read More

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October 2020

Emergence of macrolide-resistant Streptococcus pyogenes emm12 in southern Taiwan from 2000 to 2019.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2020 Sep 12. Epub 2020 Sep 12.

Department of Pediatrics, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City, Taiwan; Center of Infectious Disease and Signaling Research, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is an important pathogen causing morbidity and mortality worldwide. Surveillance of resistance and emm type has important implication to provide helpful information on the changing GAS epidemiology and empirical treatment.

Methods: To study the emergence of resistant GAS in children with upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), a retrospective study was conducted from 2000 to 2019 in southern Taiwan. Read More

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September 2020

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions and Military Hygiene at the United States Military Academy between 1890 and 1910.

Mil Med 2020 12;185(11-12):e2104-e2109

Australian Defense Force Malaria & Infectious Disease Institute, Weary Dunlop Drive, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, QLD 4051.

Introduction: Military installations are at increased risk for the transmission of infectious disease. Personnel who live and train on military installations live and train near one another facilitating disease transmission. An understanding of historical sanitation and hygiene can inform modern practices. Read More

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December 2020

Exposure to air pollution and scarlet fever resurgence in China: a six-year surveillance study.

Nat Commun 2020 08 25;11(1):4229. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Zhejiang Provincial Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Scarlet fever has resurged in China starting in 2011, and the environment is one of the potential reasons. Nationwide data on 655,039 scarlet fever cases and six air pollutants were retrieved. Exposure risks were evaluated by multivariate distributed lag nonlinear models and a meta-regression model. Read More

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Effects of COVID-19 Prevention Measures on Other Common Infections, Taiwan.

Emerg Infect Dis 2020 Oct 30;26(10):2509-2511. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

To determine whether policies to limit transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) hinder spread of other infectious diseases, we analyzed the National Health Insurance database in Taiwan. Rates of other infections were significantly lower after SARS-CoV-2 prevention measures were announced. This finding can be applied to cost-effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 prevention. Read More

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October 2020

Using the MCRISP Network for Surveillance of Pediatric Exanthema in Child Care Centers.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2020 Jul 21:1-6. Epub 2020 Jul 21.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Background: Systematic monitoring of exanthema is largely absent from public health surveillance despite emerging diseases and threats of bioterrorism. Michigan Child Care Related Infections Surveillance Program (MCRISP) is the first online program in child care centers to report pediatric exanthema.

Methods: MCRISP aggregated daily counts of children sick, absent, or reported ill by parents. Read More

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Epidemiological analysis of Group A Streptococcus infections in a hospital in Beijing, China.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2020 Dec 16;39(12):2361-2371. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Dermatology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China.

Our study aimed to investigate the epidemiological and molecular characteristics of isolates collected from Group A Streptococcus (GAS) infections in children in Beijing China during the year 2019. Emm typing, superantigens, and erythromycin resistance genotypes were determined by PCR. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed as recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Read More

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December 2020

Molecular epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance of group a streptococcus recovered from patients in Beijing, China.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Jul 13;20(1):507. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Dermatology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, 100020, China.

Background: Group A streptococcus (GAS) is an important human pathogen responsible for a broad range of infections. Epidemiological surveillance has been crucial to detect changes in the geographical and temporal variation of the disease pattern. The objective of this study was to investigate the molecular epidemiological characteristics and antimicrobial resistance of GAS isolates from patients in Children's Hospital in Beijing. Read More

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Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on epidemic diseases of childhood.

J Med Virol 2021 01 11;93(1):153-154. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy.

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January 2021