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    Thighplasty: improving aesthetics through revival of the medial, horizontal procedure: A safe and scar-saving option.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 Oct 25. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Department of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hospital Barmherzige Brüder Salzburg, Paracelsus Medical University, Kajetanerplatz 1, Salzburg 5020, Austria.
    Introduction: Thighplasty is a common bodycontouring procedure, but also associated with a high complication rate. The purpose of this study was to access the outcome of the medial horizontal thigh lift as it is a common surgical technique regarding thigh deformity correction performed at the authors' department. Surgical keysteps, clinical applications, advantages and disadvantages of the procedure are shown. Read More

    Implantable loop recorders in the real world: a study of two Canadian centers.
    J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2017 Nov 2. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Department of Cardiology, Kingston General Hospital, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
    Purpose: Implantable loop recorders (ILRs) are increasingly being used for ambulatory electrocardiography. We sought to evaluate ILR indications, diagnostic yield, ILR-guided interventions, and complications in two Canadian centers.

    Methods: This was a retrospective study using electronic medical records to identify ILR implants at Queen's University and the University of Manitoba. Read More

    Abductor Digiti Minimi Flap for Vascularized Coverage in the Surgical Management of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Following Carpal Tunnel Release.
    Hand (N Y) 2017 Nov 29;12(6):546-550. Epub 2016 Nov 29.
    1 Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
    Background: The development of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) represents a potentially devastating complication following carpal tunnel release. In the presence of a suspected incomplete release of the transverse carpal ligament or direct injury to the median nerve, neurolysis as well as nerve coverage to prevent recurrent scar has been shown to be effective.

    Methods: Retrospective chart review and telephone interview was conducted for patients who underwent abductor digiti minimi flap coverage and neurolysis of the median nerve for CRPS following carpal tunnel release. Read More

    How to eliminate bilateral cleft lip stigmata 30 year experience.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:282-287
    Purpose: To report a surgical algorithm for the treatment of bilateral cleft lip stigmata.

    Methods: The investigators designs a retrospective study composed of patients with bilateral cleft lip stigmata. The surgical approach is on the basis of the severity of the deformity and of course the age of the patient. Read More

    Minimal invasive lumbar spine revision surgery at distance from the dura and postsurgical scar tissue: Extraforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ELIF).
    J Clin Neurosci 2017 Oct 16. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    Neurochirurgie, Groupe Hospitalier du Havre, BP 24, F-76083 Le Havre, France.
    Lumbar spine revision surgery is considered as challenging and related to longer operation time and complications because of the loss of anatomical landmarks and the formation of postoperative epidural fibrosis. Minimal invasive lumbar spinal surgery techniques have been refined over the last 5 years but the reexposure of the dura, the formation of postsurgical scar tissue and related dural tears remain a source of complications. For lumbar spinal revision surgery we advocate the minimal invasive Extraforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ELIF) technique. Read More

    [Surgical Pathology of Adulthood Epilepsy].
    Brain Nerve 2017 Oct;69(10):1091-1104
    Research Institute for Brain and Blood Vessels - AKITA.
    Epilepsy may be the consequence of a wide range of disorders affecting the brain, including tumors and non-neoplastic lesions. A broad spectrum of structural brain lesions can be observed in epileptogenic brain tissue specimens surgically resected from patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsies. These include hippocampal sclerosis (HS), low-grade epilepsy-associated neuroepithelial tumors (LEAT), malformations of cortical development (MCD), vascular malformations, dual pathology, glial scar, and encephalitis, as well as no lesion. Read More

    Koebner phenomenon induced by failed revisional orthopedic surgery but remitted with bone union: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Oct;96(41):e8138
    aDepartment of Orthopedics bResearch Assistant Center, Show-Chwan Memorial Hospital, Changhua cInstitute of Biomedical Informatics, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei dDepartment of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
    Rationale: Trauma or surgical incision might cause Koebner phenomenon (KP) in patients with cutaneous diseases, but seldom studies reported KP induced by repeated orthopedic surgery.

    Patient Concerns: The 22-year-old man did not have any prior histories of cutaneous diseases. Two months after the revision surgery for nonunion of the left femoral shaft fracture, KP was noted by psoriasis presented at the surgical scar, left thigh, scalp, and trunk. Read More

    Long-term Complications and Surgical Failures After Ossiculoplasty.
    Otol Neurotol 2017 Dec;38(10):1450-1455
    *Division of Otology and Neurotology, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas †Southend University Hospital, Southend-on-Sea, UK.
    Objective: To study long-term complications after ossiculoplasty.

    Study Design: Case series with chart review.

    Setting: Tertiary care referral center otology practice. Read More

    Autologous Tissue Graft in Revision Medial Epicanthoplasty Using Subciliary Fat and Orbicularis Oculi Muscle.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Nov;28(8):1972-1975
    *Department of Plastic Surgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine †Laree Plastic Surgery Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
    The medial epicanthal fold is one of the racial anatomic characteristics of Asians. As medial epicanthoplasty has become one of the most common cosmetic surgeries among Asians, the need for revision of overcorrected medial epicanthus also increased. In revision medial epicanthoplasty, an autologous tissue graft to the subcutaneous plane is used to reduce postoperative scar. Read More

    Posttraumatic Laser Treatment of Soft Tissue Injury.
    Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2017 Nov;25(4):617-628
    Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic, University of California Irvine, 1002 Health Sciences Road East, Irvine, CA 92612, USA; Division of Facial Plastic Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Irvine, 101 The City Drive South, Building 56, Suite 500, Orange, CA 92868, USA; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Henry Samueli School of Engineering, University of California, Irvine, 3120 Natural Sciences II, Irvine, CA 92697-2715, USA. Electronic address:
    Laser treatment for posttraumatic injury offers the clinician the unique opportunity for early intervention in mediating early scar formation, or for reducing the appearance of scars after maturation. In this review, the authors focus on the mechanisms by which lasers exert their therapeutic effects, highlighting several popular lasers and dosimetry used, and underscoring the power of combined surgical scar revision in managing posttraumatic facial scars. Read More

    ACL suturing using dynamic intraligamentary stabilisation showing good clinical outcome but a high reoperation rate: a retrospective independent study.
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2017 Sep 22. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland (Bruderholz, Liestal, Laufen), 4101, Bruderholz, Switzerland.
    Purpose: Most of the clinical outcome studies dealing with ACL repair are from the developer's perspective. It is a fact that these developer-initiated studies tend to interpret the results rather in favour than against their developed technique or product. Hence, it was the purpose of the present independent investigator-initiated study to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes as well as failure rate of patients who underwent an ACL suture using dynamic intraligamentary stabilisation device in a specialised independent knee clinic. Read More

    Evaluation of the effectiveness of sodium hyaluronate, sesame oil, honey, and silver nanoparticles in preventing postoperative surgical adhesion formation. An experimental study.
    Acta Cir Bras 2017 Aug;32(8):626-632
    Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Medical Sciences, Hamadan University, Iran. Critical revision, final approval.
    Purpose:: To evaluate the effectiveness of sodium hyaluronate, sesame oil, honey, and silver nanoparticles in preventing of postoperative surgical adhesion formation.

    Methods:: Forty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into five groups with eight rats in each group including control, hyaluronate, sesame, honey and silver groups. After two weeks the animals underwent laparotomy and were evaluated by two different blinded surgeons for severity of adhesions based on the two different classification scoring systems including Nair classification and cumulative adhesion scoring scale. Read More

    Early treatment using fractional CO2 laser before skin suture during scar revision surgery in Asians.
    J Cosmet Laser Ther 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    d Department of General Surgery , The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou , PR , China.
    Fractional CO2 laser is one of the most effective treatment options used to resurface scars; However, most previous studies have been performed on mature scars at least 2 months after surgery. Recent studies have emphasized the importance of early treatment to reduce scar formation. In the present study, we described our experience with fractional CO2 laser intervention before skin suture during scar revision surgery in Asians, and found the treatment was safe and effective. Read More

    Application of a Modified Pedicled Adipofascial Lateral Arm Flap in the Prevention and Treatment of Radial Nerve Injuries.
    Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2017 Dec;21(4):155-160
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Hand and Upper Extremity, Duke University, Durham, NC.
    The fasciocutaneous lateral arm flap is a workhorse flap in upper extremity reconstruction. However, its adipofascial variant is not widely used. The technique can be used in various clinical scenarios. Read More

    Techniques for Optimizing Surgical Scars, Part 1: Wound Healing and Depressed/Atrophic Scars.
    Skinmed 2017 1;15(4):271-276. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Refresh Dermatology, Houston, TX;
    Surgical management of benign or malignant cutaneous tumors may result in noticeable scars that are of great concern to patients, regardless of sex, age, or ethnicity. Techniques to optimize surgical scars are discussed in this three-part review. In part 1, an overview of the importance of preoperative planning, intraoperative technique, and pathophysiology of wound healing is followed by a discussion of scar revision options for depressed/atrophic scars. Read More

    Orifice Preserving Double Opposing Z-Plasty for Partial Split Ear Lobe Repair: A Review of 25 Cases.
    Dermatol Surg 2017 Aug 29. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Department of Burns, Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vardhaman Mahavir Medical College, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Background: Surgeons often come across split earlobe (SEL) deformities in their clinical practice which usually result from wearing heavy earrings for a long duration. It is of utmost importance to achieve a satisfactory repair with increased strength in one go.

    Objective: To describe a strong repair for partial SEL with preservation of the orifice. Read More

    Safety of non-ablative fractional laser for acne scars within 1 month after treatment with oral isotretinoin: A randomized split-face controlled trial.
    Lasers Surg Med 2017 Aug 29. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84132.
    Background And Objective: Based on reports of poor wound healing and scarring, it is currently recommended that patients wait 6 months after completion of oral isotretinoin therapy before the safe initiation of laser treatment. Our aim was to evaluate the safety of non-ablative fractional laser (NAFL) treatment for acne scars within 1 month after isotretinoin therapy.

    Study Design/methods: This was a randomized split-face controlled trial involving 10 patients with acne scars who had completed isotretinoin treatment. Read More

    Lipoabdominoplasty with Progressive Traction Sutures.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2017 Jun 29;5(6):e1338. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Clinic Aesthetic Surgery Salta Argentina, Salta Argentina.
    Background: Proactively preserving Scarpa's fascia and thus its intrinsic lymphatic drainage and tensile strength for suture placement can eliminate the need for drains after lipoabdominoplasty and therefore reduce the rate of seroma development. In this article, we describe the effectiveness of a modified progressive traction suture (PTS) technique, which enables us to lessen the most common complications and avoid hospital readmission; these sutures take 3-5 minutes of additional surgery time.

    Methods: Two hundred seventy-six patients (mean age, 38 years; range, 19-67 years), with a mean body mass index of 25 were included in this study. Read More

    Triamcinolone injection for treatment of Mitrofanoff stomal stenosis: Optimizing results and reducing cost of care.
    J Pediatr Urol 2017 Aug 4;13(4):375.e1-375.e5. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Division of Pediatric Urology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
    Introduction: Stomal stenosis is the most common complication after the creation of a continent catheterizable channel (CCC), but is challenging to treat.

    Objective: To describe early experience with triamcinolone injection for the treatment of stomal stenosis.

    Materials And Methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients who had undergone a triamcinolone injection (40 mg/ml) for the treatment of stomal stenosis at the present institution. Read More

    Anterior lumbar discectomy and fusion for acute cauda equina syndrome caused by recurrent disc prolapse: report of 3 cases.
    J Neurosurg Spine 2017 Oct 14;27(4):352-356. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    Exeter Spine Unit, Princess Elizabeth Orthopaedic Centre, Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust, Exeter, United Kingdom; and.
    There is a lack of information and consensus regarding the optimal treatment for recurrent disc herniation previously treated by posterior discectomy, and no reports have described an anterior approach for recurrent disc herniation causing cauda equina syndrome (CES). Revision posterior decompression, irrespective of the presence of CES, has been reported to be associated with significantly higher rates of dural tears, hematomas, and iatrogenic nerve root damage. The authors describe treatment and outcomes in 3 consecutive cases of patients who underwent anterior lumbar discectomy and fusion (ALDF) for CES caused by recurrent disc herniations that had been previously treated with posterior discectomy. Read More

    Arthroscopic Excision of Osteoid Osteoma of the Elbow.
    Arthrosc Tech 2017 Jun 8;6(3):e543-e548. Epub 2017 May 8.
    Seth GS Medical College, and King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India.
    Osteoid osteoma has been reported infrequently around the elbow joint, and is usually treated with radiofrequency ablation or open excision. Elbow arthroscopy is useful for excision of accessible lesions, and the accompanying elbow stiffness can be treated concurrently. This report describes an arthroscopic excision of an osteoid osteoma located in the juxta-articular distal humeral bone. Read More

    Scar Revision and Recontouring Post-Mohs Surgery.
    Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2017 Aug 30;25(3):463-471. Epub 2017 May 30.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1855 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.
    Following Mohs reconstruction, several options are available to improve the appearance of the resulting scars. It is critical that the patient has realistic goals before beginning any treatment because scars can be improved but never erased. The surgical and nonsurgical options aim to replace pre-existing scars with ones that are less conspicuous. Read More

    Trends and demographic characteristics of Saudi cosmetic surgery patients.
    Saudi Med J 2017 Jul;38(7):738-741
    Division of Facial Plastic Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.
    Objectives: To  present the demographic characteristics of Saudi patients undergoing cosmetic procedures.  Methods: This prospective study survey was conducted in 3 private cosmetic surgery centers in different regions of Saudi Arabia (Riyadh and Jeddah) between January and August 2016. Validated questionnaire with modification was used and the following patient's information were provided: age group, height and weight, marital status, number of children, age of the patient's spouse, educational level, monthly income, name of the cosmetic procedure, names of any previous cosmetic procedures and their reason for cosmetic procedure. Read More

    Current and Emerging Treatments for Postsurgical Cleft Lip Scarring: Effectiveness and Mechanisms.
    J Dent Res 2017 Nov 26;96(12):1370-1377. Epub 2017 Jun 26.
    1 Center for Clinical and Translational Research, Forsyth Institute, Cambridge, MA, USA.
    Cleft lip with or without cleft palate is the most common congenital malformation of the head and the third-most common birth defect. Surgical repair of the lip is the only treatment and is usually performed during the first year of life. Hypertrophic scar (HTS) formation is a frequent postoperative complication that impairs soft tissue form, function, or movement. Read More

    Evaluation of surgical treatment for neuropathic pain from neuroma in patients with injured peripheral nerves.
    J Neurosurg 2017 Jun 16:1-6. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery, University Hospital of Lausanne, Switzerland.
    OBJECTIVE Chronic neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury is a major clinical problem. Its management is difficult, and therapeutic approaches vary and include oral medication, neurostimulation, and surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the adequacy of surgical nerve revision in a large series of patients with long-term follow-up. Read More

    Contralateral Augmentation with a Transmidline Scarless Technique During Unilateral Breast Reconstruction Using Implants.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2017 May 19;5(5):e1298. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Division of Reconstructive Microsurgery, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; and Center of Tissue Engineering, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan.
    Background: Unilateral breast reconstruction can be a challenge when attempting to achieve an aesthetically pleasing and symmetrical breast mound on the contralateral side. This study investigates the outcomes of using a contralateral augmentation transmidline scarless (CATS) technique to simultaneously augment the contralateral breast using implants.

    Methods: Between January 2004 and July 2016, patients undergoing unilateral implant-based breast reconstruction and simultaneous contralateral implant augmentation using a transmidline access were studied. Read More

    Complications after prominent ear correction: A systematic review of the literature.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 Aug 20;70(8):1083-1090. Epub 2017 May 20.
    Warwick Medical School, The University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom; Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospitals of Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Clifford Bridge Road, Coventry, CV2 2DX, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
    Background: There is great diversity in reported post-operative outcomes for otoplasty, with the incidence of haematoma or infection ranging from 0% to 15.6% and 0%-10%, respectively. With such variability, it is difficult to determine an overall 'average' incidence of common post-operative complications. Read More

    Cubital Tunnel Syndrome.
    Instr Course Lect 2017 Feb;66:91-101
    Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery, Orthopaedic Surgery, Wilmington Health Associates, Wilmington, North Carolina.
    Cubital tunnel syndrome is the most common cause of symptomatic ulnar neuropathy. The unique anatomic course of the ulnar nerve around the elbow makes it particularly vulnerable at a location far from its terminal destination. The natural progression of cubital tunnel syndrome allows patients who have mild symptoms to be adequately treated nonsurgically. Read More

    The clinical efficacy of early intervention for infected preauricular sinus.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Apr 4;95:45-50. Epub 2017 Feb 4.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Ajou University School of Medicine, 164, World cup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, 443-380, Republic of Korea; Bk21 Plus Research Center for Biomedical Sciences, Ajou University Graduate School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Objective: The study was designed to evaluate the outcomes of early surgical intervention, and to suggest the accurate operation time and surgical strategies.

    Methods: A total of 190 cases (144 patients) of PAS excision were classified into 2 groups according to their time of surgery; early intervention group (n = 53), and non-early intervention group (n = 137). Early intervention was defined as excision performed within 3 weeks from their first hospital visit, and after acute infection control, surgical removal was followed regardless of their infection status. Read More

    Female-to-Male Chest Reconstruction: A Review of Technique and Outcomes.
    Ann Plast Surg 2017 Sep;79(3):259-263
    From the Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
    Purpose: Female-to-male transgender individuals frequently seek out chest wall masculinization as part of their gender transition and to aid with treating gender dysphoria. Critical evaluation of techniques, complications, and outcomes is important particularly as the surgery becomes more commonly performed.

    Methods: A retrospective review was performed of all patients undergoing female-to-male chest wall reconstruction by the senior author from 2008 to 2015. Read More

    A Review of 101 Consecutive Subcutaneous Mastectomies and Male Chest Contouring Using the Concentric Circular and Free Nipple Graft Techniques in Female-to-Male Transgender Patients.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Jun;139(6):1260e-1272e
    Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; and Chicago, Ill. From the Division of Plastic Surgery and the Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia; Vancouver General Hospital; and the Department of Medical Education, University of Illinois at Chicago.
    Background: Many techniques exist for subcutaneous mastectomy in female-to-male transgender patients. The authors review outcomes for two techniques and present an algorithm to aid surgeons in technique selection.

    Methods: One hundred one consecutive female-to-male transgender patients undergoing subcutaneous mastectomy using the concentric circular or free nipple graft technique were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

    Complications in facial Mohs defect reconstruction.
    Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Aug;25(4):258-264
    aDepartment of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Washington bClinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center cDepartment of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Surgery Service dLarrabee Center for Facial Plastic Surgery, Seattle, Washington, USA.
    Purpose Of Review: To review the recent literature in regards to complications after reconstruction of Mohs defects, outline common pitfalls and to discuss the literature on avoiding complications as outlined per aesthetic subunit.

    Recent Findings: Complications in facial Mohs reconstruction commonly consist of infection, wound necrosis and dehiscence, hematoma and suboptimal scarring. However, site-specific complications such as hairline or eyebrow distortion, eyelid retraction or ectropion, nasal contour abnormality, alar retraction, nasal valve compromise, significant facial asymmetry or even oral incompetence must also be considered. Read More

    Dealing with the Stiff Ankle: Preoperative and Late Occurrence.
    Foot Ankle Clin 2017 Jun 30;22(2):425-453. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of Utah, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA.
    In patients with a stiff ankle replacement, appropriate resection of scarred capsular structures, hypertrophic bone debridement, and careful release of tendons should be performed to achieve good outcomes. Appropriately sized and correctly implanted components are required to restore ankle function to as normal as possible. Although not proven, the better a total ankle replacement is balanced, the less likely scar and heterotopic bone formation will occur. Read More

    The effects of the stem cell on ciliary regeneration of injured rabbit sinonasal epithelium.
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 2;274(8):3057-3064. Epub 2017 May 2.
    Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey.
    Defects in mucosal healing after sinonasal surgery cause infection, scar formation causing obstruction, relapse of the disease within a shorter period and revision surgery. The present study aimed to create a functional ciliated epithelium using a stem cell and stem cell sheet of adipose tissue origin and to show such regeneration ultra-structurally on experimentally injured rabbit nasal epithelium. This was an experimental animal study and basic research. Read More

    Combination laser treatment for immediate post-surgical scars: a retrospective analysis of 33 immature scars.
    Lasers Med Sci 2017 Jul 2;32(5):1111-1119. Epub 2017 May 2.
    WYNE Dermatology and Plastic Surgery Clinic, Cheongju, Chungbuk, South Korea.
    The application of laser treatments beginning on the day of stitch removal has been demonstrated to improve scar quality. However, there are few guidelines for the treatment of immature scars (ISs), which are defined as "scars whose features are not yet expressed." The purpose of this study was to extract information about early combination laser treatment (CLT) beyond what is currently known by analyzing 33 pairs of pre-treatment and post-treatment photographs of ISs. Read More

    Wound Healing and Glaucoma Surgery: Modulating the Scarring Process with Conventional Antimetabolites and New Molecules.
    Dev Ophthalmol 2017 25;59:80-89. Epub 2017 Apr 25.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.
    Subconjunctival absorption of aqueous humor is an essential part of glaucoma filtration surgery. Mitomycin C (MMC) and 5-fluorouracil have been used to reduce postoperative episcleral fibrosis and scar formation in the filtering bleb area for more than 2 decades. Both antimetabolites have also been frequently injected before needling revision of failing filtering blebs. Read More

    Reconstruction of Pediatric Scalp Avulsion Injuries After Dog Bites.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Jul;28(5):1282-1285
    *Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery †Department of Pediatric Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.
    Dog bite injuries are common and the head and neck is most frequently involved in pediatric patients. In severe cases, the combination of crushing, tearing, and puncturing can result in scalp avulsion. Currently, microsurgical replantation of the avulsed scalp remains the gold standard but may not always be possible. Read More

    All Seasons Vertical Augmentation Mastopexy: A Simple Algorithm, Clinical Experience, and Patient-reported Outcomes.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2016 Dec 27;4(12):e1170. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    Swanson Center, Leawood, Kans.
    Background: The safety of augmentation mastopexy has been questioned. Staging has been recommended for women deemed to be at higher risk, such as women with greater degrees of ptosis. Most existing studies evaluate women treated with multiple methods, including the traditional Wise pattern. Read More

    Arthrofibrosis Associated With Total Knee Arthroplasty.
    J Arthroplasty 2017 Aug 14;32(8):2604-2611. Epub 2017 Feb 14.
    Physical Therapy Program, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado; Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, Colorado.
    Background: Arthrofibrosis is a debilitating postoperative complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It is one of the leading causes of hospital readmission and a predominant reason for TKA failure. The prevalence of arthrofibrosis will increase as the annual incidence of TKA in the United States rises into the millions. Read More

    Invisible scar medial epicanthoplasty: A novel approach.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 Jul 16;70(7):952-958. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, China. Electronic address:
    Background: Presently, many techniques have been described to make the epicanthal fold less prominent. However, visible scarring remains a major concern in most techniques. The aim of this study was to develop a novel design using concealed incisions with minimal tension. Read More

    A minimally invasive approach for cubital tunnel release and ulnar nerve transposition.
    Phys Sportsmed 2017 May 22;45(2):110-113. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Department of Hand Surgery , Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University , Shijiazhuang , China.
    Objectives: The aim of the study is to introduce a new minimally invasive technique for ulnar nerve release and transposition.

    Methods: From January 2010 to May 2011, 51 patients with cubital tunnel syndrome were treated through a 1.5 to 2 cm incision. Read More

    Complication Rate in Minimally Invasive Revision Lumbar Discectomy: A Case Series and Technical Note.
    Clin Spine Surg 2017 Mar 6. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    *Department of Neurosurgery, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital †Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC.
    Revision lumbar discectomy, given the disruption of anatomic planes, can be a more technically complicated operation. Historically, it may have higher complication rates than first-time microdiscectomy. Recently, minimally invasive tubular discectomy (MITD) has been reported as an equivalent treatment to traditional approaches and may have better utility for revision surgery. Read More

    Timing of Presentation of Pediatric Compartment Syndrome and Its Microsurgical Implication: A Retrospective Review.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Mar;139(3):663-670
    Toronto and London, Ontario, Canada From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Toronto; the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children; and Western University.
    Background: Pediatric forearm compartment syndrome can lead to severe functional disability. Although it is known that earlier presentation with decompression leads to better outcomes, it is not known when presentation after injury leads to significant loss of function requiring microsurgical intervention. The authors describe the rate of microsurgical reconstruction after pediatric forearm compartment syndrome as related to timing of presentation. Read More

    Principles of Nasal Reconstruction.
    Facial Plast Surg 2017 Feb 22;33(1):9-16. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University in Saint Louis School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri.
    The rise in cutaneous malignancies over the past 20 years has led to significant advances in reconstructing the nose from an aesthetic and functional standpoint. The principles of nasal reconstruction center on application of the nasal subunit principle, three-layered reconstruction, nasal skin characteristics, and patient factors. Reconstructive planning starts with proper defect analysis, followed by application of the reconstructive ladder for soft-tissue repair, adequate structural support, and repair of nasal lining deficits. Read More

    The aplication of cyanoacrilate surgical glue on skin suture in rats.
    Acta Cir Bras 2017 Jan;32(1):56-64
    PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, UFMS, Campo Grande-MS, Brazil. Critical revision, supervision all phases of the study.
    Purpose:: To compare the use of a new cyanoacrylate-based surgical glue and suture with sepa-rate points in skin wounds closure.

    Methods:: Thirty-six rats were subjected to a 4cm dorsal longitudinal incision. Twelve were sub-jected to simple suture with polyamide 6-0, 12 rats underwent wall synthesis using Dermabond(r) and 12 was performed cutaneous synthesis with N-2-Butyl-Cyanoacrylate. Read More

    The effectiveness of heparin, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and silver nanoparticles on prevention of postoperative peritoneal adhesion formation in rats.
    Acta Cir Bras 2017 Jan;32(1):22-27
    Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Critical revision, final approval of the manuscript.
    Purpose:: To assess the effectiveness of heparin, platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and silver nanoparticles on prevention of postoperative adhesion in animal models.

    Methods:: Sixty males Albino Wistar rats aged 5 to 6 weeks were classified into five groups receiving none, heparin, PRP, silver nanoparticles, PRP plus silver nanoparticles intraperitoneally. After 2 weeks, the animals underwent laparotomy and the damaged site was assessed for peritoneal adhesions severity. Read More

    [Exceptional pacemaker complication in Still's disease].
    Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol 2017 Jun 21;28(2):236-238. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Medizinische Klinik II Kardiologie, St. Josef Hospital, Universitätsklinikum der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Gudrunstr. 56, 44791, Bochum, Deutschland.
    Case Report: A 49-year-old man with Still's disease presented with a rash above his pacemaker scar. In 2012, there was a replacement of the generator in which the position was changed from subpectoral to subcutaneous. A revision operation was performed after the local finding became worse, turning from a granuloma to a macula. Read More

    Ophthalmic Manifestations of Facial Dog Bites in Children.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Feb 17. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    *TOC Eye and Face, Austin, Texas; †Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado; ‡Ophthalmic Associates of the Southern Tier, Johnson City, New York; and §Department of Ophthalmology, San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A.
    Purpose: To characterize ophthalmic manifestations and periocular injuries of pediatric facial dog bites.

    Methods: A retrospective review of all children younger than 18 years who sought medical attention after a dog bite to the face between January 1, 2003 and May 22, 2014 was performed at a large tertiary pediatric hospital. Data on type and location of injury, surgical intervention, and complications were collected. Read More

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