4,553 results match your criteria Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology[Journal]


Risk factors and interventional strategies for BK polyomavirus infection after renal transplantation.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 28;46(6):466-74. Epub 2012 Sep 28.

Abteilung für Nephrologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München, München, Germany.

Objective: BK virus (BKV)-induced viraemia after renal transplantation can be associated with severe impairment of graft function. This study evaluated possible risk factors for BKV replication and examined the outcomes following various currently used treatment approaches.

Material And Methods: Fifty-seven renal transplant recipients with BKV viraemia were retrospectively compared with 71 BKV-negative recipients to identify risk factors for BKV viraemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.726643DOI Listing
December 2012
3 Reads

Initial symptoms and delay in patients with penile carcinoma.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 2;46(5):319-25. Epub 2012 Jul 2.

Department of Urology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.

Objective: This study aimed to assess initial symptoms and factors associated with patients' and doctors' delay in penile carcinoma.

Material And Methods: Fifty consecutive patients with penile carcinoma treated with an organ-sparing technique and nine with partial amputation were enrolled in a prospective study at the Department of Urology, Örebro University Hospital, between 2005 and 2009. Face-to-face structured interviews in combination with self-assessment forms were used for the patients' descriptions of clinical symptoms, treatment seeking and reasons for delay. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365599.2012.67
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.677473DOI Listing
October 2012
19 Reads

Low-calcium dialysate as a risk factor for decline in bone mineral density in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 31;46(6):454-60. Epub 2012 Aug 31.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Hospital, Daegu, South Korea.

Objective: Few studies have linked changes in bone mineral density (BMD) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients to the calcium concentration in peritoneal dialysate.

Material And Methods: In total, 236 incident patients who underwent an annual BMD determination for 2 years were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups: the standard calcium dialysate (SCD) group (n = 190; 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.700643DOI Listing
December 2012
6 Reads

Adiponectin is an independent predictor of tissue plasminogen activator levels in patients under haemodialysis.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 2;46(6):461-5. Epub 2012 Aug 2.

FMC, Dinefro - Diálises e Nefrologia - SA , Portugal.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) levels with clinical data of patients under haemodialysis (HD) and with several variables potentially related to endothelial function and dysfunction.

Material And Methods: In a cross-sectional study involving 189 Portuguese HD patients, circulating levels of t-PA, lipids, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), adiponectin, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) and fibrin fragment D-dimer were measured.

Results: Considering the entire population, t-PA correlated inversely and significantly with adiponectin and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and positively and significantly with age, body mass index, PAI-1, IL-6, CRP, D-dimer, cholesterol and Ox-LDL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.708943DOI Listing
December 2012
4 Reads
1.062 Impact Factor

Prevalence and bother of postmicturition dribble in Finnish men aged 30-80 years: Tampere Ageing Male Urologic Study (TAMUS).

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 27;46(6):418-23. Epub 2012 Jul 27.

Department of Urology, Tampere University Hospital and University of Tampere, Finland.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and bother of postmicturition dribble in relation to age in the male population.

Material And Methods: Information for a population-based study was collected by means of a mailed self-administered questionnaire, which was returned by 4384 men out of 7470 (58.7%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.702786DOI Listing
December 2012
10 Reads

Observing signs of toilet readiness: results of two prospective studies.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 2;46(6):424-30. Epub 2012 Jul 2.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Objective: The aims of this study were to check the possibility of observing readiness signs proposed in the literature (Study 1) and to investigate the interrater reliability of observing readiness signs between different researchers (Study 2).

Material And Methods: In Study 1, 24 healthy children, recruited in Flemish childcare centres, were observed. Each child was observed for 8 h. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.693537DOI Listing
December 2012
8 Reads

Long-term results of maintenance treatment of mitomycin C or alternating mitomycin C and bacillus Calmette-Guérin instillation therapy of patients with carcinoma in situ of the bladder: a subgroup analysis of the prospective FinnBladder 2 study with a 17-year follow-up.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 2;46(6):411-7. Epub 2012 Jul 2.

Department of Urology, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Objective: Only a few studies with a long-term follow-up exist on patients with carcinoma in situ (CIS) treated with instillation therapy. The objective was to study the long-term outcome of patients with CIS after mitomycin C (MMC) monotherapy or alternating therapy with MMC and bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG).

Material And Methods: The study population comprised 68 patients with CIS belonging to a larger material of 256 patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma who were randomized between 1987 and 1992 in a prospective multicentre study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.694906DOI Listing
December 2012
2 Reads

Does physiotherapist-guided pelvic floor muscle training increase the quality of life in patients after radical prostatectomy? A randomized clinical study.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 2;46(6):397-404. Epub 2012 Jul 2.

Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

Objective: The aim of this study was to study the effect of postoperative physiotherapist-guided pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) parameters in patients treated with radical prostatectomy (RP).

Material And Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted at St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Norway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.694117DOI Listing
December 2012
3 Reads

Current equations estimating glomerular filtration rate in primary care: comparison and determinants.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 25;46(6):448-53. Epub 2012 Jun 25.

Division of Primary Care, Medical School, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Objective: The aims of this study were to compare estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations, to assess the classification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages by both equations, and to identify factors associated with differences between both equations in patients with or at high risk of CKD managed in primary care.

Material And Methods: This was an observational study of 803 patients with CKD, long-standing, severe hypertension and diabetes exclusively managed in primary care. Bias and precision between the two equations used to calculate eGFR were quantified as proposed by Bland and Altman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.695389DOI Listing
December 2012
10 Reads

Occurrence of kidney diseases and patterns of glomerular disease based on a 10-year kidney biopsy material: a retrospective single-centre analysis in Estonia.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 25;46(5):389-94. Epub 2012 Jun 25.

Departments of Pathology, Tartu University, Estonia.

Objective: Kidney biopsy is an important diagnostic tool in assessing glomerular damage. This study aimed to determine the occurrence of glomerular disease during the past decade at a single centre, to assess potential changes in the structure of primary glomerulopathies over time, and to define gender- and age-related differences.

Material And Methods: A total of 578 consecutive native kidney biopsies during the period 2000-2010 was retrospectively reviewed at Tartu University Hospital, Estonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.693133DOI Listing
October 2012
1 Read

Sexual and relationship functioning before and after renal transplantation: a descriptive study with patients and partners.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 25;46(6):431-6. Epub 2012 Jun 25.

Departments of Surgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany.

Objective: Many patients experience problems with sexual functioning after renal transplantation (RTx). Research on the sexual functioning of the partners of those patients and the consequences for relationship satisfaction and quality of life is lacking. This study sought to explore changes in sexual and relationship functioning from before to after RTx in patients and their partners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.693132DOI Listing
December 2012
5 Reads

Effect of alfacalcidol on cardiac function in patients with chronic kidney disease stage 4 and secondary hyperparathyroidism: a pilot study.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 25;46(5):381-8. Epub 2012 Jun 25.

Departments of Nephrology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and a risk marker for cardiovascular mortality. It was hypothesized that vitamin D deficiency could play an important role in the pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy and dysfunction in CKD. An open-labelled randomized study was performed comparing the effect of alfacalcidol versus no treatment in patients with CKD 4, secondary hyperparathyroidism and LVH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.693131DOI Listing
October 2012
1 Read

Sleep quality and its correlates in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 8;46(6):441-7. Epub 2012 Jun 8.

Departments of Internal Medicine, Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate demographic, clinical and psychosocial factors associated with sleep quality in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).

Material And Methods: Demographic data, clinical and biochemical parameters of 112 CAPD patients (convenience sample of 52 women and 60 men, mean age 51 ± 15 years) were measured. In the same patients, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used for assessing sleep quality, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) for severity of depressive symptoms, the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group criteria for the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome (RLS), and the Short Form-36 (SF-36) of Medical Outcomes Study questionnaire for quality of life (QoL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.693134DOI Listing
December 2012
5 Reads

Current routines for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy: a web-based survey by the Swedish Urology Network.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 31;46(6):405-10. Epub 2012 May 31.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Section of Urology Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: This study aimed to survey current Swedish practices for performing and handling transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies.

Material And Methods: A Swedish Urology Network (SUNe) was organized for the distribution of information, survey studies and research collaborations. A web-based questionnaire was distributed to the members in 2011. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365599.2012.69
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.691111DOI Listing
December 2012
2 Reads

Information on pros and cons of prostate-specific antigen testing to men prior to blood draw: a study from the National Prostate Cancer Register (NPCR) of Sweden.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 31;46(5):326-31. Epub 2012 May 31.

Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umeå University Hospital, Umeå.

Objective: Recent guidelines on serum testing of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in asymptomatic men emphasize the importance of an informed decision. This study assessed the proportion of men who had received written or oral information on the possible consequences of testing of serum levels of PSA before blood draw.

Material And Methods: From the National Prostate Cancer Register (NPCR) in Sweden, 600 men per year were randomly selected out of all men with T1c prostate cancer who were diagnosed in the work-up of a PSA test as a part of health examination in 2006-2008. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.691110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3483061PMC
October 2012
3 Reads

Retroperitoneal laparoendoscopic single-site ureterolithotomy and ureteroureterostomy for retrocaval ureter with ureteral calculus: first case report.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Dec 24;46(6):437-40. Epub 2012 May 24.

Department of Urology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

A 53-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of intermittent right flank pain. Radiological imaging confirmed the diagnosis of retrocaval ureter (RCU) and ureteral calculus. Retroperitoneal laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) ureterolithotomy and ureteroureterostomy was successfully performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.691112DOI Listing
December 2012
11 Reads

Clinical characteristics differ considerably between phenotypes of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 21;46(5):365-70. Epub 2012 May 21.

Department of Urology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.

Objective: Bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) is one of the most bothersome conditions in urological practice. This syndrome includes a heterogeneous collection of underlying pathological conditions. Compared to the classic IC with a Hunner lesion, now denominated European Society for the Study of Interstitial Cystitis (ESSIC) type 3C, the non-Hunner type of BPS/IC appears different concerning demographic, endoscopic and histological findings, as well as the response to all forms of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.689008DOI Listing
October 2012
4 Reads

Urine colour after radical prostatectomy predicts urinary leakage at the vesicourethral anastomosis.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 21;46(5):337-42. Epub 2012 May 21.

Department of Urology, University Hospitals - Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany.

Objective: The aim of this investigation was to determine whether postoperative urine colour could be used as a predictor for the presence or absence of a urinary leakage at the vesicourethral anastomosis after open radical prostatectomy.

Material And Methods: In this prospective study, the urine colour of 223 patients who underwent open radical prostatectomy due to histologically proven localized prostate cancer was assessed macroscopically and microscopically on postoperative day (POD) 6, 7 and 8. All patients underwent evaluation of perianastomotic extravasation by retrograde cystography on POD 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.689006DOI Listing
October 2012
3 Reads

Severe phimosis leading to obstructive uropathy in a boy with lichen sclerosus.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 18;46(5):371-4. Epub 2012 May 18.

Department of Urology, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic, inflammatory condition which commonly involves the anogenital skin. This condition may affect the foreskin, glans, frenulum, meatus and urethra in males. It manifests itself with voiding symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.689007DOI Listing
October 2012
6 Reads

Anaemia treatment in chronically dialysed children: a multicentre nationwide observational study.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 16;46(5):375-80. Epub 2012 May 16.

Nephrology Division, Department of Paediatrics and Immunology with Nephrology Division, Polish Mothers' Memorial Hospital Research Institute, Lodz, Poland.

Objective: Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are applied as a standard therapy in children with anaemia in chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study was to describe the efficacy and details of ESA treatment in a population of dialysed children in Poland.

Material And Methods: The study had a prospective observational design and was performed in 12 dialysis centres. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.685492DOI Listing
October 2012
15 Reads

Carbonic anhydrase IX as a specific biomarker for clear cell renal cell carcinoma: comparative study of Western blot and immunohistochemistry and implications for diagnosis.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 10;46(5):358-64. Epub 2012 May 10.

Urology Department, Hospital and University Complex of Albacete, Spain.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of carbonic anhydrase IX (CA-IX) expression in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) using two different techniques to detect protein expression.

Material And Methods: An experimental, cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted to analyse proteins in renal tumour and healthy tissue specimens from 38 consecutive patients who underwent nephrectomy for renal cancer. CA-IX protein expression was measured by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis and quantified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.685493DOI Listing
October 2012
8 Reads

Residual tumour in the marginal resection after a complete transurethral resection is associated with local recurrence in Ta/T1 urinary bladder cancer.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 8;46(5):343-7. Epub 2012 May 8.

Division of Urology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Sweden.

Objective: This study investigated the presence of residual tumour in the marginal resection (MR) after a complete transurethral resection (TURB) of Ta/T1 transitional urinary bladder cancer. The association between positive MR and recurrence was analysed.

Material And Methods: After macroscopically complete TURB, a marginal resection of 7 mm (corresponding to the diameter of the resection loop) was removed around the entire resection area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.684700DOI Listing
October 2012
4 Reads

Laparoscopic extended pelvic lymphadenectomy for staging can be performed with limited morbidity and short hospital stay in patients with prostate cancer.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 8;46(5):332-6. Epub 2012 May 8.

Fredrik Liedberg Department of Urology SUS, Malmö and Henrik Kjölhede and Pernilla Sundqvist Department Urology Växjö Country Hospital, Växjö, Sweden.

Objective: Assessing lymph-node status in prostate cancer patients with high accuracy is only possible with surgical staging, despite the evolution of modern imaging techniques. The use of surgical staging has to be balanced against the complications of the procedure, the individual patient's risk for harbouring metastases and the consequences for the treatment of the patient if such metastases are present. The aim of this study was to investigate complications at 90 days using a standardized method (Clavien) in a consecutive series of patients submitted to laparoscopic extended pelvic lymphadenectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.681062DOI Listing
October 2012
5 Reads

In vitro evaluation of calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals influenced by Costus igneus aqueous extract.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 1;46(4):290-7. Epub 2012 May 1.

Department of Biotechnology, Periyar Maniammai University, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India.

Objective: Calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals are frequently found in urinary calculi (stones).

Material And Methods: COM crystals were grown by the single diffusion gel growth technique and the inhibitory effects of aqueous extracts of leaves, stems and rhizome of Costus igneus on the growth of COM crystals were studied.

Results: With an increase in the concentration of aqueous extract of C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.669792DOI Listing
August 2012
5 Reads
1.062 Impact Factor

Does stage III chronic kidney disease always progress to end-stage renal disease? A ten-year follow-up study.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Jun 1;46(3):232-8. Epub 2012 May 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, South Korea.

Objective: Clinically, it may be appropriate to subdivide patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) into two subgroups, as they show different risks for kidney outcomes. This study evaluated the proportion of patients with stage 3 CKD who progressed to stage 4 or 5 CKD over 10 years and independent predictors of progression of renal dysfunction. It sought to validate whether stage 3 CKD patients should be subdivided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2011.649045DOI Listing
June 2012
10 Reads

Obesity is associated with an improved cancer-specific survival, but an increased rate of postoperative complications after surgery for renal cell carcinoma.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Oct 25;46(5):348-57. Epub 2012 Apr 25.

Department of Urology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the impact of preoperative body mass index (BMI) on postoperative complications, cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) in patients operated for renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

Material And Methods: The study included 397 patients with BMI values, who underwent surgery for RCC between 1 January 1997 and 31 December 2010. Obese patients (BMI > 30 kg/m(2)) were compared to non-obese patients (BMI < 30 kg/m(2)) in regard to CSS and OS. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365599.2012.67
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.678382DOI Listing
October 2012
4 Reads

Improved differentiation between ductal and acinar prostate cancer using three-dimensional histology and biomarkers.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 23;46(4):258-66. Epub 2012 Apr 23.

Department of Pathology and Clinical Cytology, Central Hospital, Falun, Sweden.

Objective: The aim of the study was to refine the methodology for discriminating the ductal (DAP) and acinar adenocarcinomas (AAP) of the prostate and confirm that prostate carcinoma of ductal origin is a more aggressive subtype.

Material And Methods: A retrospective analysis of 110 consecutive radical prostatectomy cases operated on between 2000 and 2006 and worked up using large-format "two-dimensional" (2D; 4 μm thick) and "three-dimensional" (3D; 1500 μm thick) histology sections was carried out, with an average follow-up of 5.1 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.675586DOI Listing
August 2012
9 Reads

A presentation of glandular penile metastases from prostate adenocarcinoma.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 10;46(4):306-9. Epub 2012 Apr 10.

Department of Urology, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Secondary tumours of the penis are rare; they most commonly arise from the prostate and the bladder. These lesions are often associated with disseminated malignancy and have a poor prognosis, with a 6-month mortality of up to 80% reported. Penile metastases have a variety of clinical manifestations including incidental penile nodules, cutaneous findings, urinary symptoms, pain and malignant priapism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.675587DOI Listing
August 2012
6 Reads

Stone area and volume are correlated with operative time for cystolithotripsy for bladder calculi using a holmium: yttrium garnet laser.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 27;46(4):298-303. Epub 2012 Mar 27.

Department of Urology, Ohguchi Higashi General Hospital, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.

Objective: This study investigated the correlation between the operation time and the stone size as determined by multiple modalities and the computed tomography (CT) densities of bladder calculi using holmium: yttrium garnet (Ho:YAG) laser lithotripsy.

Material And Methods: A total of 68 patients underwent cystolithotripsy from March 2010 to October 2011. Thirty-six of these patients underwent cystolithotripsy using a Ho:YAG laser for bladder calculi by a single surgeon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.672456DOI Listing
August 2012
1 Read

Low endoglin vascular density and Ki67 index in Gleason score 6 tumours may identify prostate cancer patients suitable for surveillance.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 27;46(4):247-57. Epub 2012 Mar 27.

Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology, Umeå University, Sweden.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore whether vascular density and tumour cell proliferation are related to the risk of prostate cancer death in patients managed by watchful waiting.

Material And Methods: From a consecutive series of men diagnosed with prostate cancer at transurethral resection in 1975-1990, tissue microarrays (TMAs) were constructed. A majority of men had no metastases at diagnosis and were followed by watchful waiting (n = 295). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.669791DOI Listing
August 2012
3 Reads

Vasovasostomy and predictors of vasal patency: a systematic review.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 27;46(4):241-6. Epub 2012 Mar 27.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Urological Research, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Sweden.

About 3-6% of vasectomized men requested vasectomy reversal, for various reasons. Vasal patency (VP) is an important surrogate outcome of vasectomy reversal. This article reviews the impact of surgical skills, surgical approaches, intraoperative vasal fluid characteristics and the length of obstructive interval on VP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.669790DOI Listing
August 2012
8 Reads

Long-term experience with surgical treatment of selected patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 27;46(4):284-9. Epub 2012 Mar 27.

Department of Urology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.

Objective: The role of major surgery in patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) is not fully established. This report presents a single-institution experience with major surgery in patients with disabling BPS/IC where conservative treatment had failed.

Material And Methods: Forty-one patients (34 women, seven men) with BPS/IC refractory to conservative treatment underwent major surgery from 1983 to 2004. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.669789DOI Listing
August 2012
4 Reads

Pain associated with the chronic pelvic pain syndrome is strongly related to the ambient temperature.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 27;46(4):279-83. Epub 2012 Mar 27.

Department of Research and Development, Skaraborgs Sjukhus, Skövde, Sweden.

Objective: There are indications suggesting that the pain associated with the chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) may be related to cold. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate how the symptom intensity reported by the patient relates to the time of the year in a temperate climate, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.669404DOI Listing
August 2012
5 Reads

The chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and pain catastrophizing: a vicious combination.

Authors:
Hans Hedelin

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 27;46(4):273-8. Epub 2012 Mar 27.

Department of Research and Development, Kärnsjukhuset, Skövde, Sweden.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the presence and importance of pain catastrophizing among men diagnosed with chronic abacterial prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) in a routine clinical setting.

Material And Methods: 61 men, mean age 46 ± 11 years, with a mean CP/CPPS history of 11 ± 11 years, completed the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI), Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) and Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) to evaluate pain catastrophizing, and the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5). They were also scored according to the UPOINT system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.669403DOI Listing
August 2012
1 Read

Effect of laminarin on the expression of GRP78 and GRP94 in rat after unilateral ureteral obstruction.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 8;46(4):267-72. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

College of Pharmacy, Harbin University of Commerce, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, PR China.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of laminarin on the expression of kidney endoplasmic reticulum molecular chaperones (GRP78 and GRP94) in rats with renal interstitial fibrosis.

Material And Methods: A renal interstitial fibrosis model in rats was developed by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, enalapril group, laminarin high-dosage group, laminarin median-dosage group and laminarin low-dosage group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.663405DOI Listing
August 2012
3 Reads

Long-term follow-up of neonatally diagnosed primary megaureter: rate and predictors of spontaneous resolution.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Jun 8;46(3):201-7. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Department of Urology, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Objective: Primary megaureter (PM) represents 6-10% of all antenatal displaced urinary malformations. Spontaneous resolution of PM is a well-known event. This long-term follow-up study evaluated the incidence and rate of resolution of PM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.662695DOI Listing
June 2012
6 Reads

Evaluation of serum creatinine- and cystatin C-based equations for the estimation of glomerular filtration rate in a Chinese population.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Jun 1;46(3):223-31. Epub 2012 Mar 1.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Geriatrics, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, PR China.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the applicability of a selection of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimating equations based on serum creatinine (SCr) and serum cystatin C in a Chinese population.

Material And Methods: Estimated GFR values from 10 equations were compared with reference GFR (rGFR) from the (99m)Tc-DTPA renal dynamic imaging method. The study enrolled 569 Chinese participants (41. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.660985DOI Listing
June 2012
7 Reads

Very late prostate cancer local recurrence 23 years after radical prostatectomy.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 1;46(4):304-5. Epub 2012 Mar 1.

Department of Urology, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.

Recurrence after radical prostatectomy occurs most frequently during the first 5 years after surgery. Later recurrences have, however, been described. This report describes a case with local recurrence 23 years after radical prostatectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.663406DOI Listing
August 2012
1 Read

Factors affecting health-related quality of life in prostate cancer patients.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Jun 1;46(3):180-7. Epub 2012 Mar 1.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Academy of Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Objective: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in Lithuania. Quality of life (QoL) assessment plays a key role in the evaluation and treatment of cancer patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors affecting the QoL of patients with prostate cancer in Lithuania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.661765DOI Listing
June 2012
6 Reads

Adjustable continence balloons: clinical results of a new minimally invasive treatment for male urinary incontinence.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Jun 27;46(3):196-200. Epub 2012 Feb 27.

Department of Urology, Herlev Hospital, Herlev, Denmark.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the results of the Danish experience with the ProACT urinary continence device inserted in men with stress urinary incontinence.

Material And Methods: The ProACT was inserted in 114 patients. Data were registered prospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.660986DOI Listing
June 2012
10 Reads

Radical prostatectomy in very high-risk localized prostate cancer: long-term outcomes and outcome predictors.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Jun 27;46(3):164-71. Epub 2012 Feb 27.

Department of Urology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Objective: The objective of this study was to present the long-term outcomes and determine outcome predictors in very high-risk (cT3b-T4) prostate cancer (PCa) after radical prostatectomy (RP).

Material And Methods: Between January 1989 and December 2004, 51 patients with cT3b-T4 PCa underwent RP. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to calculate the biochemical progression-free survival (BPFS), clinical progression-free survival (CPFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2011.637956DOI Listing
June 2012
5 Reads

Assessment of late urinary, bowel and sexual function after dose escalation from 70 to 76 Gy using image-guided radiotherapy in curative treatment of prostate cancer.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Apr 22;46(2):124-32. Epub 2012 Feb 22.

Department of Oncology, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the late urinary, bowel and sexual function among men with localized or locally advanced prostate cancer treated with curative radiotherapy after the introduction of image-guided radiotherapy to 76 Gy using the Swedish BeamCath® technique.

Material And Methods: All patients treated with curative radiotherapy during 2003-2006 were invited to participate in this retrospective study. In total, 87% (158/181) participated in the study. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365599.2012.65
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.659205DOI Listing
April 2012
4 Reads

Rapid T-cell-based immunodiagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 20;46(4):314-6. Epub 2012 Feb 20.

Department of Internal Medicine I, Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

Tuberculous peritonitis is a rare complication during peritoneal dialysis (PD). This report presents the case of a patient with clinical signs and symptoms indicative of bacterial peritonitis, but without culture growth of conventional bacteria or fungi. Cytokine flow cytometry after overnight stimulation of cells from peripheral blood and the peritoneal dialysate with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-specific antigens revealed a 40-fold increase in MTB-specific CD4 + T cells expressing interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in peritoneal fluid compared with blood, which was indicative of active tuberculosis (TB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2012.659206DOI Listing
August 2012
4 Reads

Post-extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy residual stone fragments: clinical significance and management.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Jun 9;46(3):188-95. Epub 2012 Feb 9.

Department of Urology, General Hospital of Athens Asclepieio Voulas, Athens, Greece.

Although extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) is one of the primary treatments for urolithiasis, very often residual fragments of the calculi are still present for a long time after the ESWL session. These fragments are usually asymptomatic and can be managed expectantly, but sometimes they can cause symptoms and require intervention. Secondary procedures are not routinely applied to all patients with residual fragments, but only to those with significant symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2011.644861DOI Listing
June 2012
2 Reads

First Danish single-institution experience with radical prostatectomy: impact of surgical margins on biochemical outcome.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Jun 9;46(3):172-9. Epub 2012 Feb 9.

Urology Research Unit, Department of Urology, Rigshospitalet, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the impact of positive surgical margins (PSMs), stratified by location and extension, on biochemical outcome after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP).

Material And Methods: The study included data from 605 consecutive patients treated with RRP for localized prostate cancer. Patients with node-positive disease were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2011.644860DOI Listing
June 2012
44 Reads

Ankle brachial index is a valuable index of the severity of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Aug 18;46(4):310-3. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

Department of Geriatrics, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Hunan Changsha, China.

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the ankle brachial index (ABI) and the severity of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS).

Material And Methods: In total, 138 patients with a complete clinical record were enrolled in this study. The severity of ARAS was judged by renal artery angiography and the ABI was measured according to the method recommended by the American Heart Association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2011.651745DOI Listing
August 2012
2 Reads

Three cases of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-producing urinary upper tract carcinomas.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Apr 18;46(2):136-41. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

Department of Urology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

This report presents three cases of urinary upper tract carcinomas producing granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), with high blood leukocyte counts and poor prognoses. Case 1 was a 73-year-old man who underwent nephroureterectomy for left renal pelvic carcinoma. Pathologically, urothelial carcinoma (UC), high-grade, was observed, and immunohistochemical analysis showed positive staining for G-CSF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2011.644863DOI Listing
April 2012
4 Reads

Effects of short and long-term indapamide treatments on urinary calcium excretion in patients with calcium oxalate dihydrate urinary stone disease: a pilot study.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Apr 18;46(2):97-101. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

University Hospital Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the relative calcium-reducing effects of indapamide at 6 and 18 months using a dose of 1.5 mg/day.

Material And Methods: Twenty-two patients with idiopathic hypercalciuria and calcium oxalate dihydrate urinary stone disease (minimum one stone episode) were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2011.644862DOI Listing
April 2012
20 Reads

Validation of the Lund-Malmö, Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations to estimate glomerular filtration rate in a large Swedish clinical population.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Jun 18;46(3):212-22. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

Competence Centre for Clinical Research, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Objective: The aim of this study was to validate externally the Swedish Lund-Malmö revised creatinine-based glomerular filtration rate (GFR) equations (LM Revised) in a Swedish cohort in comparison with the North American Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) equations.

Material And Methods: The study included 1397 examinations [median age 61 years, median body mass index (BMI) 26 kg/m(2)] in 996 patients referred for iohexol clearance (median 44 ml/min/1.73 m(2)). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2011.644859DOI Listing
June 2012
5 Reads

A 12-year-old boy with an infected ectopic ureter presenting with acute appendicitis-like symptoms and acute scrotum.

Scand J Urol Nephrol 2012 Jun 10;46(3):208-11. Epub 2012 Jan 10.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC.

An ectopic ureter draining into the seminal vesicle or vas deferens in males is a very rare anomaly and is usually associated with renal dysplasia or agenesis. An ectopic ureter associated with a dysplastic kidney is not usually a suspected cause during clinical evaluation of children with abdominal pain. This report presents a rare case of an ectopic ureter associated with a dysplastic kidney with an acute infection in a previously healthy 12-year-old boy, demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365599.2011.644864DOI Listing
June 2012
13 Reads