88 results match your criteria Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment & Health[Journal]


Managing sickness absence of patients with musculoskeletal pain - a cross-sectional survey of Scandinavian chiropractors.

Chiropr Man Therap 2019 11;27. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

2Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark.

Background: Musculoskeletal pain is a major cause of work disability. Many patients with musculoskeletal pain seek care from health care providers other than their general practitioners, including a range of musculoskeletal practitioners. Therefore, these musculoskeletal practitioners may play a key role by engaging in sickness absence management and work disability prevention. Read More

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https://chiromt.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12998-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12998-018-0230-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329073PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Leprosy at the edge of Europe-Biomolecular, isotopic and osteoarchaeological findings from medieval Ireland.

PLoS One 2018 26;13(12):e0209495. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Microbial Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom.

Relatively little is known of leprosy in Medieval Ireland; as an island located at the far west of Europe it has the potential to provide interesting insights in relation to the historical epidemiology of the disease. To this end the study focuses on five cases of probable leprosy identified in human skeletal remains excavated from inhumation burials. Three of the individuals derived from the cemetery of St Michael Le Pole, Golden Lane, Dublin, while single examples were also identified from Ardreigh, Co. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209495PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306209PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Disequilibrium, Adaptation, and the Norse Settlement of Greenland.

Hum Ecol Interdiscip J 2018 10;46(5):665-684. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

6School of Geography and Sustainable Development, Irvine Building, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9AL UK.

There is increasing evidence to suggest that arctic cultures and ecosystems have followed non-linear responses to climate change. Norse Scandinavian farmers introduced agriculture to sub-arctic Greenland in the late tenth century, creating synanthropic landscapes and utilising seasonally abundant marine and terrestrial resources. Using a niche-construction framework and data from recent survey work, studies of diet, and regional-scale climate proxies we examine the potential mismatch between this imported agricultural niche and the constraints of the environment from the tenth to the fifteenth centuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10745-018-0020-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182579PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Job satisfaction among registered nurses in two Scandinavian acute care hospitals.

J Nurs Manag 2018 Oct 22;26(7):888-897. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Aim: To explore job satisfaction among registered nurses working in acute care hospitals, and to examine which background factors influence registered nurses' total job satisfaction.

Background: Job satisfaction among registered nurses is important when considering the well-being and retention of registered nurses. Research has shown that registered nurses in different countries experience various levels of job satisfaction. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jonm.12620
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12620DOI Listing
October 2018
23 Reads

Identifying the Employment Needs of People With Chronic Health Conditions in Europe.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Nov;60(11):e618-e624

Department of Psychiatry, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain (Dr Ávila, Dr Ayuso-Mateos, and Dr Cabello); Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Madrid, Spain (Dr Ávila, Dr Ayuso-Mateos, Dr Cabello); Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IIS-Princesa), Madrid, Spain (Dr Ávila, Dr Ayuso-Mateos, Dr Cabello); Research Unit, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Spain (Ms Muñoz-Murillo); Department of Neurology, Public Health and Disability Unit, Neurological Institute "C. Besta" IRCCS, Foundation, Milan, Italy (Dr Scaratti); Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology - IBE, Chair for Public Health and Health Services Research, Research Unit for Biopsychosocial Health, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany (Dr Coenen); Department of Special Education, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece (Dr Vlachou); Neurorehabilitation, KABEG Gailtal-Klinik, Hermagor, Austria (Dr Fheodoroff); Department of Medical Sociology, Chair of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland (Ms Pilat); Development Unit for Employment Rehabilitation, University Rehabilitation Institute Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia (Dr Tabaj); Department of Rehabilitation Medicine. Faculty of Medicine Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic (Dr Svestkova); European Association of Service providers for Persons with Disabilities, Brussels, Belgium (Ms Kadyrbaeva).

Objectives: The main goal of this study was to compare the employment needs experienced by people with different chronic health conditions and in different welfare systems.

Methods: A total of 688 participants with six chronic health conditions were collected in nine countries representing four welfare systems in Europe (Continental, Mediterranean, Postcommunist, and Scandinavian).

Results: Raising awareness of what is to live with a chronic health condition in the workplace was the area perceived as more favorable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001425DOI Listing
November 2018
27 Reads

Prevalence, associated factors and reasons for sickness presenteeism: a cross-sectional nationally representative study of salaried workers in Spain, 2016.

BMJ Open 2018 Jul 28;8(7):e021212. Epub 2018 Jul 28.

Epidemiology Service, Public Health Agency of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of sickness presenteeism (SP), its associated factors and the reasons given for SP episodes, among the overall salaried population and excluding the 'healthy' workers.

Design: Population-based cross-sectional study.

Setting: Salaried population in Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021212DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6067344PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Benzene exposure at workplace and risk of colorectal cancer in four Nordic countries.

Cancer Epidemiol 2018 08 2;55:156-161. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Faculty of Social/Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Finnish Cancer Registry, Institute for Statistical and Epidemiological Cancer Research, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this case-control study was to assess the effect of occupational benzene exposure on the risk of colorectal cancer, including its subtypes.

Methods: The study included 181,709 colon cancer and 109,227 rectal cancer cases diagnosed between 1961 and 2005 in Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. Cases were identified from the Nordic Occupational Cancer Study (NOCCA) cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2018.06.011DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

A systematic review of working conditions and occupational health among immigrants in Europe and Canada.

BMC Public Health 2018 Jun 20;18(1):770. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: A systematic attempt to summarize the literature that examines working conditions and occupational health among immigrant in Europe and Canada.

Methods: We established inclusion criteria, searched systematically for articles included in the Medline, Embase and Social Sciences Citation Index databases in the period 2000-2016 and checked the reference lists of all included papers.

Results: Eighty-two studies were included in this review; 90% were cross-sectional and 80% were based on self-report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5703-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011510PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Prehospital personnel's attitudes to pain management.

Scand J Pain 2015 Jul 1;8(1):17-22. Epub 2015 Jul 1.

Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Section of Emergency Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives Pain is one of the most common reasons for patients to seek acute medical care. The management of pain is often inadequate both in the prehospital setting and in the emergency department. Our aim was to evaluate the attitudes towards pain management among prehospital personnel in two Scandinavian metropolitan areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2015.02.003DOI Listing
July 2015
6 Reads

The unintended consequences of maternity leaves: How agency interventions mitigate the negative effects of longer legislated maternity leaves.

J Appl Psychol 2018 Oct 7;103(10):1155-1164. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Independent Practice.

To support women in the workplace, longer legislated maternity leaves have been encouraged in Scandinavian countries and recently in Canada. Yet, past research shows that longer legislated maternity leaves (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/apl0000327DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Brown bear (Ursus arctos) attacks resulting in human casualties in Scandinavia 1977-2016; management implications and recommendations.

PLoS One 2018 23;13(5):e0196876. Epub 2018 May 23.

Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norway.

Human persecution and habitat loss have endangered large carnivore populations worldwide, but some are recovering, exacerbating old conflicts. Carnivores can injure and kill people; the most dramatic form of wildlife-human conflict. In Scandinavia, the brown bear (Ursus arctos) population increased from ~500 bears in 1977 to ~3300 in 2008, with an increase in injuries, fatalities, and public fear of bear attacks. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0196876PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5965840PMC
August 2018
19 Reads

Feasibility of salivary DNA collection in a population-based case-control study: a pilot study of pediatric Crohn's disease.

Clin Epidemiol 2018 28;10:215-222. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: Epidemiologic studies combining exposure and outcome data with the collection of biosamples are needed to study gene-environment interactions that might contribute to the etiology of complex diseases such as pediatric Crohn's disease (CD). Nationwide registries, including those in Denmark and other Scandinavian countries, provide efficient and reliable sources of data for epidemiological studies evaluating the environmental determinants of disease. We performed a pilot study to test the feasibility of collecting salivary DNA to augment registry data in established cases of pediatric CD and randomly selected, population-based controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S143322DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5836686PMC
February 2018
7 Reads

The potential of blended learning in education and training for advanced civilian and military trauma care.

Injury 2018 Jan 6;49(1):93-96. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

Department of Learning Informatics Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 18 A, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Introduction: In the field of advanced care of the complex trauma patient, there is an emerging need for focused education and training. However, several hospitals do not support further education and training in this field, and the challenge of releasing time for physicians and nurses is well-known. Educational strategies using blended learning, which combines traditional classroom methods with modern computer-assisted methods and media, have not yet been widely used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2017.11.003DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Standard comparison of local mental health care systems in eight European countries.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2019 Apr 18;28(2):210-223. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Section of Psychiatry, Department of Neurological,Biomedical and Movement Sciences,University of Verona,Italy.

Aims: There is a need of more quantitative standardised data to compare local Mental Health Systems (MHSs) across international jurisdictions. Problems related to terminological variability and commensurability in the evaluation of services hamper like-with-like comparisons and hinder the development of work in this area. This study was aimed to provide standard assessment and comparison of MHS in selected local areas in Europe, contributing to a better understanding of MHS and related allocation of resources at local level and to lessen the scarcity in standard service comparison in Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2045796017000415DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Simulation Training in Obstetrics: Survey of participants in a low-fidelity training].

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2017 Jun 30;221(3):137-144. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

MSc Advanced Practice Midwifery, FH Gesundheit, Innsbruck, Austria.

Childbirth is a physiological process. However a normal delivery may suddenly turn into a life-threatening emergency. In this case, maternal and infant health depends largely on appropriate and timely interventions, and effective teamwork of all professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-110055DOI Listing
June 2017
3 Reads

Education, training, and practice among nordic neuropsychologists. Results from a professional practices survey.

Clin Neuropsychol 2017 Jan-Dec;31(sup1):20-41. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

g BioCruces Health Research Institute, Cruces University Hospital , Barakaldo , Spain.

Objective: To investigate sociodemographic characteristics, clinical and academic training, work setting and salary, clinical activities, and salary and job satisfaction among practicing neuropsychologists in four Nordic countries.

Methods: 890 neuropsychologists from Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden participated in an internet-based survey between December 2013 and June 2015.

Results: Three-fourths (76%) of the participants were women, with a mean age of 47 years (range 24-79). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2017.1291857DOI Listing

The contribution from psychological, social, and organizational work factors to risk of disability retirement: a systematic review with meta-analyses.

BMC Public Health 2017 02 8;17(1):176. Epub 2017 Feb 8.

National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Previous studies indicate that psychological, social, and organizational factors at work contribute to health, motivation, absence from work, and functional ability. The objective of the study was to assess the current state of knowledge of the contribution of psychological, social, and organizational factors to disability retirement by a systematic review and meta-analyses.

Methods: Data sources: A systematic literature search for studies of retirement due to disability in Medline, Embase, and PsychINFO was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4059-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5299735PMC
February 2017
8 Reads

Respiratory Illness and Allergy Related to Work and Home Environment among Commercial Pilots.

PLoS One 2016 14;11(10):e0164954. Epub 2016 Oct 14.

Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.

The aim was to study associations between work and home environment and prevalence and incidence of respiratory health and a history of atopy in a 3-y cohort of commercial pilots. A questionnaire was mailed in 1997 to all pilots in a Scandinavian airline company (N = 622); 577 (93%) participated. The same questionnaire was sent to the participants 3 years later, 436 participated (76%). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0164954PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5065138PMC
May 2017
13 Reads

Mortality differences between self-employed and paid employees: a 5-year follow-up study of the working population in Sweden.

Occup Environ Med 2016 Sep 21;73(9):627-36. Epub 2016 Jul 21.

Scandinavian Development Services, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Analyse mortality differences between self-employed and paid employees with a focus on industrial sector, educational level and gender using Swedish register data.

Methods: A cohort of the total working population (4 776 135 individuals; 7.2% self-employed; 18-100 years of age at baseline 2003) in Sweden with a 5-year follow-up (2004-2008) for all-cause and cause-specific mortality (57 743 deaths). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2015-103472DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5013135PMC
September 2016
1 Read

Workplace bullying and sickness absence: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the research literature.

Scand J Work Environ Health 2016 09 15;42(5):359-70. Epub 2016 Jun 15.

National Institute of Occupational Health, PB 8149 Dep, 0033 Oslo, Norway.

Objective: The association between workplace bullying and sickness absence remains unclear. This paper presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of research on the association.

Method: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of published primary studies on workplace bullying and sickness absence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3579DOI Listing
September 2016
2 Reads

A history of the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health.

Authors:
Derek R Smith

Scand J Work Environ Health 2016 05 10;42(3):177-80. Epub 2016 Mar 10.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3558DOI Listing
May 2016
2 Reads

Residents in difficulty: a mixed methods study on the prevalence, characteristics, and sociocultural challenges from the perspective of residency program directors.

BMC Med Educ 2016 Feb 22;16:69. Epub 2016 Feb 22.

Centre for Health Sciences Education, Aarhus University, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard 82, 8200, Aarhus N, Denmark.

Background: The majority of studies on prevalence and characteristics of residents in difficulty have been conducted in English-speaking countries and the existing literature may not reflect the prevalence and characteristics of residents in difficulty in other parts of the world such as the Scandinavian countries, where healthcare systems are slightly different. The aim of this study was to examine prevalence and characteristics of residents in difficulty in one out of three postgraduate medical training regions in Denmark, and to produce both a quantifiable overview and in-depth understanding of the topic.

Methods: We performed a mixed methods study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-016-0596-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4763408PMC
February 2016
11 Reads

A 'Balanced' Life: Work-Life Balance and Sickness Absence in Four Nordic Countries.

Int J Occup Environ Med 2015 10;6(4):205-22

City University London, School of Health Sciences, Centre for Public Health Research, London, UK Division of Global Health & Inequalities, The Angels Trust-Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Little attention has been given to the relationship between work-life balance and sickness absence.

Objective: To investigate the association between poor work-life balance and sickness absence in 4 Nordic welfare states.

Methods: Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed on pooled cross-sectional data of workers aged 15-65 years from Denmark, Finland, Sweden, and Norway (n=4186) obtained from the 2010 European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijoem.2015.667DOI Listing
October 2015
2 Reads

Can selection explain the protective effects of farming on asthma?

Ann Agric Environ Med 2015 ;22(3):467-9

Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand.

Introduction And Objective: Reduced asthma and allergy risks in farmers have been ascribed to microbial exposures. However, selection may also play a role and this was assessed in two Scandinavian farming populations.

Materials And Methods: Asthma prevalence in 739 Danish farming students was compared to that of 1,105 siblings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/12321966.1167715DOI Listing
July 2016
5 Reads

Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health: 40 years of innovative research with societal impact in the field of occupational health.

Scand J Work Environ Health 2015 Sep 5;41(5):421-4. Epub 2015 Aug 5.

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3516DOI Listing
September 2015
1 Read

Medical symptoms among pilots associated with work and home environments: a 3-year cohort study.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2015 May;86(5):458-65

Objective: To study associations between the cockpit environment, psychosocial work environment, home environment, and medical symptoms in a cohort of commercial pilots followed over 3 yr.

Methods: A standardized questionnaire was mailed in February-March 1997 to all Stockholm-based pilots on duty in a Scandinavian flight company (N = 622); 577 (93%) participated. During this time smoking was allowed on long haul flights, but not on shorter flights. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.4216.2015DOI Listing
May 2015
4 Reads

Negative psychosocial and heavy physical workloads associated with musculoskeletal pain interfering with normal life in older adults: cross-sectional analysis.

Scand J Public Health 2015 Jul 5;43(5):453-9. Epub 2015 May 5.

Blekinge Institute of Technology, Gräsvik, Karlskrona, Sweden.

Aims: Pain is one of the most frequent reasons for seeking health care, and is thus a public health problem. Although there is a progressive increase in pain and impaired physical function with age, few studies are performed on older adults. The aim of this study was to investigate if there are associations between musculoskeletal pain interfering with normal life in older adults and physical and psychosocial workloads through life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494815580876DOI Listing
July 2015
2 Reads

Inflammatory bowel disease.

Scand J Gastroenterol 2015 Jun 8;50(6):748-62. Epub 2015 Apr 8.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, Campus Ahus, University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.

Scandinavian researchers have contributed to the present understanding of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Important epidemiological data and family risk factors have been reported from all the Nordic countries, original twin studies mainly from Denmark and Sweden, and relationships to cancer and surgery mostly from Sweden. In collaboration with the industry, development of medical compounds was for a long time in the front line of international research, and the Scandinavian countries participated in the clinical breakthrough of biologic treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365521.2015.1033000DOI Listing
June 2015
4 Reads

The international contribution to occupational health research.

Scand J Work Environ Health 2015 May 2;41(3):294-8. Epub 2015 Mar 2.

Workplace Health & Wellbeing, Norfolk & Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Level 1, 20 Rouen Road, Norwich NR1 1QQ, UK.

Objective: The importance of international occupational health research is established in achieving the World Health Organization's vision of "occupational health for all". The aim of this short communication is to describe the geographical distribution of research published in leading occupational health journals.

Methods: Seven leading occupational health journals were identified, based on citation rates and impact factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3488DOI Listing
May 2015
3 Reads

Re: Madsen et al. "Unnecessary work tasks and mental health: a prospective analysis of Danish human service workers".

Scand J Work Environ Health 2015 Mar 11;41(2):216-7. Epub 2014 Dec 11.

Occupational and Environmental Diseases Center, University Hospital of Brest, 5 Avenue Foch, 29609 Brest, France.

Madsen et al (1) recently published a secondary analysis on data provided by the Project on Burnout, Motivation and Job Satisfaction (PUMA). The aim of their study, published in the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health was to examine the associations between unnecessary work tasks and a decreased level of mental health. Though the topic was quite novel, reading this work proved disturbing and raised issues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3473DOI Listing
March 2015
21 Reads

Is workplace health promotion research in the Nordic countries really on the right track?

Scand J Public Health 2014 Nov;42(15 Suppl):74-81

Department of Health Promotion, Buskerud & Vestfold University College, Norway.

Aims: The aims of this scoping review of research on workplace health promotion interventions in the Nordic countries were to investigate: how the studies defined health; whether the studies intended to change the workplace itself (the settings approach); and whether the research focus regarding their definitions of health and use of settings approaches has changed in the past five-year period versus previous times.

Methods: Using scientific literature databases, we searched for intervention studies labelled as "health promotion" in an occupational setting in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) published from 1986 to 2014. We identified 63 publications and qualitatively analysed their content regarding health outcomes and their use of settings approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494814545106DOI Listing
November 2014
3 Reads
5 Citations
3.125 Impact Factor

Home as a health promotion setting for older adults.

Scand J Public Health 2014 Nov;42(15 Suppl):36-40

The Nordic School of Public health, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: The number and the proportion of older persons is growing in the Nordic Countries. The growth in the older population has a clear impact on the care system for older persons. One trend is to prioritise home care instead of care in institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494814556648DOI Listing
November 2014
4 Reads

Women's participation in the medical profession: insights from experiences in Japan, Scandinavia, Russia, and Eastern Europe.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2014 Nov 16;23(11):927-34. Epub 2014 Oct 16.

1 Medical School, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Although much literature has focused on the status of female physicians in the United States, limited English-language studies have examined the role of women in the medical profession elsewhere in the world. This article synthesizes evidence regarding the status of female physicians in three purposively selected regions outside the United States: Japan, Scandinavia, and Russia and Eastern Europe. These three regions markedly differ in the proportion of female physicians in the workforce, overall status of the medical profession, cultural views of gender roles, and workforce policies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2014.4736DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4235590PMC
November 2014
1 Read

A comparative analysis of occupational health and safety risk prevention practices in Sweden and Spain.

J Safety Res 2013 Dec 27;47:57-65. Epub 2013 Aug 27.

School of Industrial Engineering, Universidad de Málaga, C/Dr. Ortiz Ramos s/n, 29071 Málaga, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction: Scandinavian countries such as Sweden implemented the occupational health and safety (OHS) measures in the European Directive 89/391/EEC earlier than other European counties, including Spain. In fact, statistics on workplace accident rates reveal that between 2004 and 2009, there were considerably fewer accidents in Sweden than in Spain.

Method: The objective of the research described in this paper was to reduce workplace accidents and to improve OHS management in Spain by exploring the OHS practices in Sweden. Read More

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http://ac.els-cdn.com/S002243751300145X/1-s2.0-S002243751300
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http://www.dors.it/alleg/newfocus/201410/Morillas_2013.pdf
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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S002243751300145
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2013.08.005DOI Listing
December 2013
5 Reads

Employment participation and work experience of male cancer survivors: a NOCWO study.

Work 2013 ;46(4):385-93

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Center of Expertise for Health and Work Ability, Helsinki, Finland.

Objective: To investigate whether employment status and work experiences, assessed in terms of job resources (organizational culture and superiors' and co-workers' support), commitment to organization, work motives, and experiences of discrimination, differ between survivors of prostate or testicular cancer or lymphoma and cancer-free reference subjects.

Methods: Questionnaires were sent to 1349 male cancer survivors and 2666 referents in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Norway. Valid responses were 59% and 45%, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-131674DOI Listing
April 2015
3 Reads

A nordic charter for universal design.

Authors:
Evastina Björk

Scand J Public Health 2014 Feb 19;42(1):1-6. Epub 2013 Aug 19.

NHV - Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden, and Gjøvik University College, Norway.

Aims: The aim of this paper is to present the result of a pioneer project; A Nordic Charter for Universal Design, which was initiated by the Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs in 2011. The purpose of the Charter was to present rationales that stated prerequisites for successful investment in Universal Design, and to establish a platform for further research and good practice. It was also meant to contribute to spreading of information and knowledge about the importance of guidance by the concept of Universal Design of initiatives with effects on the public arena. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494813500860DOI Listing
February 2014
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Landscape development during a glacial cycle: modeling ecosystems from the past into the future.

Ambio 2013 May;42(4):402-13

Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co, Box 250, 101 24, Stockholm, Sweden.

Understanding how long-term abiotic and biotic processes are linked at a landscape level is of major interest for analyzing future impact on humans and the environment from present-day societal planning. This article uses results derived from multidisciplinary work at a coastal site in Sweden, with the aim of describing future landscape development. First, based on current and historical data, we identified climate change, shoreline displacement, and accumulation/erosion processes as the main drivers of landscape development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-013-0407-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3636364PMC
May 2013
1 Read

On the aetiology of Hodgkin lymphoma.

Authors:
Henrik Hjalgrim

Dan Med J 2012 Jul;59(7):B4485

Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, Copenhagen S, Denmark.

The thesis is based on seven publications in English and a review of the literature. The studies were carried out to contribute to the understanding of Hodgkin lymphoma epidemiology through descriptions of its occurrence and its association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection presenting as infectious mononucleosis. The investigations were supported by the Danish Cancer Society, the Swedish Cancer Society, the Danish Cancer Research Foundation, the Nordic Cancer Union, the Lundbeck Foundation, Plan Danmark, Danish National Research Foundation, Lily Benthine Lund's Foundation, Aase og Ejnar Danielsen's Foundation, Grosserer L. Read More

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July 2012
69 Reads

Who benefits from clinical supervision and how? The association between clinical supervision and the work-related well-being of female hospital nurses.

J Clin Nurs 2012 Sep 22;21(17-18):2567-78. Epub 2012 May 22.

Kuopio Psychiatric Centre, Department of Psychiatry, Kuopio University Hospital, and University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Aim And Objectives: The aims of this study were (1) to identify which nurses benefitted most from clinical supervision and (2) to explore whether they were healthier and more satisfied with their work than their peers who did not attend clinical supervision.

Background: To maintain quality nursing, there is currently a social call to improve the well-being of nurses at work. Restoring nurses' well-being is one of the main purposes of clinical supervision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.04041.xDOI Listing
September 2012
1 Read

Participatory design in lean production: which contribution from employees? For what end?

Work 2012 ;41 Suppl 1:2706-12

Laboratory of Ergonomics, Centre de Recherche sur le Travail et le Développement, Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, Paris, France.

The proponents of lean production have pointed to the positive effects of the work organization on employees in terms of autonomy, enhanced skills and empowerment mainly by their participation into the continuous improvement of work process. But studies that have examined this issue suggest that the increase in autonomy is not sufficient to compensate for increases work intensity. Participatory design has grown extensively in manufacturing since the 1980's under the impulsion of the Scandinavian socio-technical system approach and it's central in the model of lean production performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2012-0514-2706DOI Listing
December 2014
1 Read

Structural violence in long-term, residential care for older people: comparing Canada and Scandinavia.

Soc Sci Med 2012 Feb 7;74(3):390-398. Epub 2011 Dec 7.

Social and Political Thought, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Canadian frontline careworkers are six times more likely to experience daily physical violence than their Scandinavian counterparts. This paper draws on a comparative survey of residential careworkers serving older people across three Canadian provinces (Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario) and four countries that follow a Scandinavian model of social care (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden) conducted between 2005 and 2006. Ninety percent of Canadian frontline careworkers experienced physical violence from residents or their relatives and 43 percent reported physical violence on a daily basis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.10.037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4069106PMC
February 2012
5 Reads

Work ability of survivors of breast, prostate, and testicular cancer in Nordic countries: a NOCWO study.

J Cancer Surviv 2012 Mar 2;6(1):72-81. Epub 2011 Nov 2.

Centre of Expertise for Health and Work Ability, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, Helsinki, Finland.

Introduction: Cancer can cause adverse effects on survivors' work ability. We compared the self-assessed work ability of breast, testicular, and prostate cancer survivors to that of people without cancer. We also investigated the association of disease-related and socio-demographic factors and job-related resources (organizational climate, social support, and avoidance behavior) with work ability and looked at whether these associations were different for the survivors and reference subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11764-011-0200-zDOI Listing
March 2012
1 Read

No differences in job perceptions amongst Dutch nurse anaesthetists with and without nursing background.

Anestezjol Intens Ter 2011 Jul-Sep;43(3):157-62

Department of Anesthesiology, Catharina Hospital - Brabant Medical School, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

Background: In the Netherlands, the employment as a "nurse anaesthetist" is comparable to that of a registered nurse anaesthetist in the Scandinavian countries and Poland. However, the Dutch healthcare system employs nurse anaesthetists both with and without nursing backgrounds. This study has investigated whether a nursing background influences the attitudes and perceptions of nurse anaesthetists in the Netherlands. Read More

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January 2012
9 Reads

Research on workplace health promotion in the Nordic countries: a literature review, 1986-2008.

Glob Health Promot 2011 Sep;18(3):15-22

Department of Health and Culture, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.

Workplace health promotion may include approaches focusing on behavioral change among employees and approaches with a holistic system-oriented thinking aiming at changing the physical, social and organizational factors of a setting. This literature review aimed to identify studies on workplace health promotion in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden), to describe when, where and how the studies were performed and to further analyze the use of settings approaches and empowerment processes. Using scientific literature databases, we found 1809 hits when searching for Nordic studies published from 1986 to 2008 with the search term health promotion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1757975911412401DOI Listing
September 2011
3 Reads
8 Citations

Lifting the 'violence veil': examining working conditions in long-term care facilities using iterative mixed methods.

Can J Aging 2011 Jun;30(2):271-84

Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

We conducted a mixed-methods study-- the focus of this article--to understand how workers in long-term care facilities experienced working conditions. We surveyed unionized care workers in Ontario (n = 917); we also surveyed workers in three Canadian provinces (n = 948) and four Scandinavian countries (n = 1,625). In post-survey focus groups, we presented respondents with survey questions and descriptive statistical findings, and asked them: "Does this reflect your experience?" Workers reported time pressures and the frequency of experiences of physical violence and unwanted sexual attention, as we explain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S071498081100016XDOI Listing
June 2011
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A scenario analysis of the future residential requirements for people with mental health problems in Eindhoven.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2011 Jan 6;11. Epub 2011 Jan 6.

Tilburg University, Department Tranzo, 5000 LE Tilburg, the Netherlands.

Background: Despite large-scale investments in mental health care in the community since the 1990 s, a trend towards reinstitutionalization has been visible since 2002. Since many mental health care providers regard this as an undesirable trend, the question arises: In the coming 5 years, what types of residence should be organized for people with mental health problems? The purpose of this article is to provide mental health care providers, public housing corporations, and local government with guidelines for planning organizational strategy concerning types of residence for people with mental health problems.

Methods: A scenario analysis was performed in four steps: 1) an exploration of the external environment; 2) the identification of key uncertainties; 3) the development of scenarios; 4) the translation of scenarios into guidelines for planning organizational strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6947-11-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3023671PMC
January 2011
4 Reads

Harassment among university hospital physicians in four European cities. Results from a cross-sectional study in Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Italy (the HOUPE study).

Work 2010 ;37(1):99-110

Department of Research and Development (AFFU), St Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.

Objectives: The objective of this cross-national study was to identify work-related factors related to the prevalence of harassment, and identify potential similarities and differences in harassment levels and appointed perpetrators within the same professional group across four European cities.

Participants: 2078 physicians working in university hospitals in Trondheim, Stockholm, Reykjavik, and Padova participated in the study.

Methods: Questionnaire comprised items on direct and indirect experience of workplace harassment, appointed perpetrators, psychosocial work environment and basic socio-demographics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2010-1061DOI Listing
January 2011
1 Read

Occupation and cancer - follow-up of 15 million people in five Nordic countries.

Acta Oncol 2009 ;48(5):646-790

Finnish Cancer Registry, Institute for Statistical and Epidemiological Cancer Research, Pieni Roobertinkatu 9, FI-00130, Helsinki, Finland.

We present up to 45 years of cancer incidence data by occupational category for the Nordic populations. The study covers the 15 million people aged 30-64 years in the 1960, 1970, 1980/1981 and/or 1990 censuses in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, and the 2.8 million incident cancer cases diagnosed in these people in a follow-up until about 2005. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02841860902913546DOI Listing
January 2010
61 Reads

Ill-lighting syndrome: prevalence in shift-work personnel in the anaesthesiology and intensive care department of three Italian hospitals.

J Occup Med Toxicol 2009 Mar 27;4. Epub 2009 Mar 27.

Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Department, S, Anna University Hospital, C,so Giovecca 203, 44100, Ferrara, Italy.

Background: Light is one of the most important factors in our interaction with the environment; it is indispensable to visual function and neuroendocrine regulation, and is essential to our emotional perception and evaluation of the environment. Previous studies have focussed on the effects of prolonged anomalous exposure to artificial light and, in the field of work-related illness. Studies have been carried out on shift-work personnel, who are obliged to experience alterations in the physiological alternation of day and night, with anomalous exposure to light stimuli in hours normally reserved for sleep. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1745-6673-4-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2666745PMC
March 2009
4 Reads