9,716 results match your criteria Scandinavian Journal of Trauma Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine [Journal]


Are 'low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' barriers to minority women's use of contraception? A qualitative exploration and critique of a common argument in reproductive health research.

Midwifery 2019 Mar 25;75:59-65. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Women's and Children's Health (IMCH), Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.

Objective: 'Low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' appear to have gained status as nearly universal explanatory models for why women in minority groups are less likely to use contraception than other women in the Scandinavian countries. Through interviews with pious Muslim women with immigrant background, living in Denmark and Sweden, we wanted to gain empirical insights that could inform a discussion about what 'low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' might mean with regard to women's reproductive decisions.

Design: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in Denmark and Sweden between 2013 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2019.03.017DOI Listing

Glucosidase activity in dental biofilms in adolescent patients with fixed orthodontic appliances - a putative marker for white spot lesions - a clinical exploratory trial.

Arch Oral Biol 2019 Apr 8;102:122-127. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.

Objectives: Approximately 25% of the adolescents in the Scandinavian population are treated with a fixed orthodontic appliance (FOA). Adverse effects such as enamel decalcification (white spot lesions - WSL), seem to affect over 30% of patients. WSL have only a limited ability to improve, thus seriously jeopardising the treatment outcome. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039969183091
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2019.04.003DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Evidence for sea spray effect on oxygen stable isotopes in bone phosphate - Approximation and correction using Gaussian Mixture Model clustering.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 10;673:668-684. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, Faculty of Biology, Department of Biology I, Anthropology and Human Genomics, Großhaderner Straße 2, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.

Palaeobiodiversity research based on stable isotope analysis in coastal environments can be severely hampered by the so-called "sea spray" effect. This effect shifts the isotopic signal of terrestrial individuals towards too marine values. It is commonly agreed upon that sea spray influences sulphur stable isotopes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697193159
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.072DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Manuring practices in the first millennium AD in southern Sweden inferred from isotopic analysis of crop remains.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215578. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

The Archaeologists, National Historical Museums, Lund, Sweden.

This study uses crop stable nitrogen isotope analysis of charred grain to explore manuring practices in arable production at the affluent regional center Uppåkra and a set of smaller surrounding sites, dating to the first millennium AD in southern Sweden. The isotopic analysis focuses on hulled barley, the principle crop in the Scandinavian Iron Age, and the minor crops: bread wheat, emmer wheat, rye and oat, are included to compare manuring practices in cultivation of other crop species during this period. A field experiment was first conducted to establish relationships between manuring and δ15N values in modern grain from known growing conditions. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215578PLOS
April 2019
2 Reads

Scandinavian research on complementary and alternative medicine: A bibliometric study.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819834099. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

2 Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland.

Aim: The aim of this study is to analyse the development of Scandinavian research on complementary and alternative medicine in terms of publication pattern and general content. Furthermore we will map research networks.

Methods And Data: This study is based on bibliometric methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819834099DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

15 years of the Scandinavian knee ligament registries: lessons, limitations and likely prospects.

Br J Sports Med 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Orthopaedics, Institue of Clinical Sciences, Goteborgs Universitet, Gothenburg, Sweden

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100024DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Norms matter: U.S. normative data under-estimate cognitive deficits in Norwegians with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 8:1-17. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

a Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway.

Objective: To illustrate and quantify how using different normative systems influences the accuracy of identifying cognitive impairment in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Participants And Methods: A convenience sample of 315 patients between 18 and 38 years of age referred for neuropsychological assessment at a psychiatric inpatient hospital in Bergen, Norway, was included. All completed the Norwegian version of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsy-chological Status (RBANS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1590641DOI Listing

[Primary care in Denmark].

Semergen 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Lægehuset Rudkøbing, Rudkøbing, Dinamarca.

Scandinavian countries have one of the best health services, as well as quality of life, in all Europe. It is often unknown why this is the case, with the language barrier being one of the most frequent and difficult to overcome. A summary of the Danish health system is presented in order to know its main virtues and use its tools to eventually make improvements in our national health system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semerg.2018.12.003DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Cutaneous metastases in renal cell carcinoma: a systematic review and a case report.

Scand J Urol 2019 Apr 2:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

a Department of Urology , Odense University Hospital , Odense , Denmark.

Objective: Cutaneous metastases of renal cell carcinoma (C.M.R. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21681805.2019.1585473DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Characterization and predictive mechanisms of experimentally induced tension-type headache.

Cephalalgia 2019 Mar 28:333102419840779. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

1 Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Department of Dentistry, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objective: Studies have shown it is possible to elicit a tension-type headache episode in 15 to 30% of healthy individuals following a tooth-clenching or stress-inducing task. Despite this, no studies have attempted to understand why some healthy individuals develop a headache episode while others do not.

Methods: The present randomized, single-blind, controlled study recruited 60 healthy participants who participated in a 30-minute tooth-clenching task and 10 participants who participated in a control task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102419840779DOI Listing

Gastric Bypass Versus Sleeve Gastrectomy: Patient Selection and Short-term Outcome of 47,101 Primary Operations from the Swedish, Norwegian, and Dutch National Quality Registries.

Ann Surg 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Catharina Hospital, Department of Surgery, Eindhoven, Netherlands.

MINI: Although bariatric surgery is performed in high volumes worldwide, no consensus exists regarding the choice of procedure. This study showed that both procedures were safe, with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass having higher weight loss and follow-up rates at the cost of a slightly higher 30-day readmission rate.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the use and short-term outcome of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in Sweden, Norway, and the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000003279DOI Listing

Ethics in nursing research and research publications.

Scand J Caring Sci 2018 06;32(2):449-450

Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/scs.12593DOI Listing

Phenotypic and genotypic differences between Indian and Scandinavian women with gestational diabetes mellitus.

J Intern Med 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Clinical Research Centre, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.

Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a transient form of diabetes characterized by impaired insulin secretion and action during pregnancy. Population-based differences in prevalence exist which could be explained by phenotypic and genetic differences. The aim of this study was to examine these differences in pregnant women from Punjab, India and Scandinavia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joim.12903DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Holding Sweden hostage: firearm-related violence.

Forensic Sci Res 2019 Mar 19;4(1):88-93. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Criminology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.

Swedish as well as foreign publications have reported a sharp increase in firearm-related violence in Sweden. None of these publications, however, combined official statistics from the Swedish police, the National Council for Crime Prevention (NCCP), and the National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW), to study firearm-related violence in the last 2 years: 2016-2017. The results of this study show that firearm-related violence in Sweden has greatly increased compared to other Scandinavian countries, especially in recent years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20961790.2019.1570665DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427636PMC

Cost analysis in a randomized trial of early closure of a temporary ileostomy after rectal resection for cancer (EASY trial).

Surg Endosc 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Surgery, Centre for Perioperative Optimization, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev, Denmark.

Background: Hospital costs associated with the treatment of rectal cancer are considerable and the formation of a temporary stoma accounts for additional costs. Results from the EASY trial showed that early closure of a temporary ileostomy was associated with significantly fewer postoperative complications but no difference in health-related quality of life up to 12 months after rectal resection. The aim of the present study was to perform a cost analysis within the framework of the EASY trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-019-06732-yDOI Listing

Everolimus Initiation With Early Calcineurin Inhibitor Withdrawal in De Novo Heart Transplant Recipients: Long-term Follow-up From the Randomized SCHEDULE Study.

Transplantation 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.

Background: A calcineurin inhibitor free immunosuppressive regimen has been demonstrated to improve renal function early after heart transplantation, but long-term outcome of such a strategy has not been well described.

Methods: In the randomized SCHEDULE trial, de novo heart transplant recipients received (1) everolimus with reduced-exposure calcineurin inhibitor (CNI, cyclosporine) followed by CNI withdrawal at weeks 7-11 post-transplant or (2) standard-exposure cyclosporine, both with mycophenolate mofetil and corticosteroids; 95/115 randomized patients were followed up at 5-7 years post-transplant.

Results: Mean measured GFR was 74. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TP.0000000000002702DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Role of occlusion in periodontal disease.

Periodontol 2000 2019 02;79(1):129-150

Division of Periodontics, School of Dentistry at Bauru, University of São Paulo, Bauru, Brazil.

This article deals with establishing a new link between trauma from occlusion and periodontal pockets based on the know-how and background gradually developed. To provide a better understanding to the reader, a historical perspective is firstly presented. The main features on the controversy of the role played by trauma from occlusion on the physiologic behavior of the periodontal structures are shown, together with how deviations from the normal characteristics of this relationship itself affect the integrity of the periodontal tissues when or associated with dental biofilm in the presence or not of periodontal pockets have arisen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/prd.12251DOI Listing
February 2019

Toxoplasma gondii Seroprevalence in Horses from Ukraine: an Investigation Using Two Serological Methods.

Acta Parasitol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 62, 51014, Tartu, Estonia.

Background: Horses are recognized as important hosts for the zoonotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii, mainly because meat of infected horses can be a source of human T. gondii infections. However, the baseline knowledge on equine T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-019-00040-0DOI Listing

Associations between intraoperative factors and surgeons' self-assessed operative satisfaction.

Surg Endosc 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SSORG - Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research Group, Östra Campus, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Little is known concerning what may influence surgeon satisfaction with a surgical procedure and its associations with intraoperative factors. The objective was to explore the relationships between surgeons' self-assessed satisfaction with performed radical prostatectomies and intraoperative factors such as technical difficulties and intraoperative complications as reported by the surgeon subsequent to the operation.

Methods: We utilized prospectively collected data from the controlled LAPPRO trial where 4003 patients with prostate cancer underwent open (ORP) or robot-assisted laparoscopic (RALP) radical prostatectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-019-06731-zDOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Who benefits from multimodal rehabilitation - an exploration of pain, psychological distress, and life impacts in over 35,000 chronic pain patients identified in the Swedish Quality Registry for Pain Rehabilitation.

J Pain Res 2019 7;12:891-908. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.

Background: Chronic pain patients frequently suffer from psychological symptoms. There is no consensus concerning the prevalence of severe anxiety and depressive symptoms and the strength of the associations between pain intensity and psychological distress. Although an important aspect of the clinical picture is understanding how the pain condition impacts life, little is known about the relative importance of pain and psychological symptoms for individual's life impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S190003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411315PMC

Joint Mobilization of the Hands of Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis: Results From an Assessor-Blinded, Randomized Crossover Trial.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Musculoskeletal & Sports Injury Epidemiology Center, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical feasibility and effectiveness of manual mobilization of the hands of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Methods: A total of 320 individual hand joints were evaluated after recruiting an experimental research group of 12 participants with RA and, for clinical comparability, 8 participants with hand osteoarthritis (OA). One hand per participant was randomized to receive weekly low-grade (I-II) Kaltenborn manual mobilization, using passive sustained stretch of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints II to V by licensed manual therapists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.04.007DOI Listing

The Scandinavian Transplantation Society-XXIX Congress, May 2-4, 2018, Oslo, Norway.

Authors:
Pål-Dag Line

Transplant Proc 2019 03 29;51(2):463. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.01.082DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate and the Risk of Cancer.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2019 Apr 14;14(4):530-539. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Departments of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and.

Background And Objectives: Community-based reports regarding eGFR and the risk of cancer are conflicting. We here explore plausible links between kidney function and cancer incidence in a large Scandinavian population-based cohort.

Design, Setting, Participants, & Measurements: In the Stockholm Creatinine Measurements project, we quantified the associations of baseline eGFR with the incidence of cancer among 719,033 Swedes ages ≥40 years old with no prior history of cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2215/CJN.10820918DOI Listing

Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants Versus Warfarin in Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Intracerebral Hemorrhage.

Stroke 2019 Apr;50(4):939-946

From the Department of Cardiology (P.B.N., M.S., J.N.K., T.B.L.), Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark.

Background and Purpose- Recurrent bleeding associated with oral anticoagulants (OACs) causes a dilemma in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) sustaining an intracerebral hemorrhage. Treatment recommendations guiding clinical practice on optimal OAC agent selection in this population are lacking. This study aimed to investigate the comparative effectiveness and safety of non-vitamin K antagonist OAC (NOAC) versus warfarin in patients with AF sustaining an intracerebral hemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.023797DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430592PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

[Infant mortality in the European Union: A time trend analysis of the 1994-2015 period].

An Pediatr (Barc) 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Pamplona, España.

Background: Infant mortality is an indicator of child health, and an explanatory variable to reflect the socioeconomic development of a country. We aimed to examine the changes and trends of infant mortality in the European Union (EU) and its 28 member states in the 1994-2015 period.

Methods: We extracted data of deaths in children aged less than one year between 1994 and 2015 from the Eurostat database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anpedi.2018.10.022DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Accounting for random observation time in risk prediction with longitudinal markers: An imputation approach.

Stat Methods Med Res 2019 Mar 10:962280219833089. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA.

Longitudinally measured biomarkers are useful to predict the risk of clinical endpoints, since subject-specific marker trajectory contains additional information on pathology and critical windows. The work is motivated by the Scandinavian Fetal Growth Study, aiming at predicting pregnancy outcomes with repeated ultrasound measurements during pregnancy. While the observation time of markers often varies across individuals, it is not well understood how the variations affect risk prediction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0962280219833089DOI Listing

Lawsonia intracellularis associated equine proliferative enteropathy in Danish weanling foals.

Acta Vet Scand 2019 Mar 8;61(1):12. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Large Animal Teaching Hospital, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Agrovej 8, 2630, Taastrup, Denmark.

Background: Lawsonia intracellularis, an obligate intracellular bacterium, causes equine proliferative enteropathy, mainly in horses around weaning. This disease is rarely reported in the Scandinavian countries.

Results: Five cases of equine proliferative enteropathy were diagnosed between 2008-2016 at the University of Copenhagen Large Animal Teaching Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-019-0447-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407178PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Accumulation of Short-, Medium-, and Long-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins in Marine and Terrestrial Animals from Scandinavia.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Apr 20;53(7):3526-3537. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry , Stockholm University , Svante Arrhenius väg 8 , SE-10691 Stockholm , Sweden.

Short-, medium-, and long-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs, MCCPs, and LCCPs) have a wide range of physical-chemical properties, indicating their varying bioaccumulation tendencies in marine and terrestrial ecosystems. However, there are few empirical data to reveal such bioaccumulation tendencies. In this study, we analyzed SCCPs, MCCPs, and LCCPs in samples from 18 species at both low and high trophic levels of marine and terrestrial ecosystems from the Scandinavian region collected during the past decade. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.8b06518
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b06518DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Assessment of experimental orofacial pain, pleasantness and unpleasantness via standardized psychophysical testing.

Eur J Pain 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: Somatosensory assessment within the orofacial region may be performed using highly standardized quantitative sensory testing (QST). However, the function of the C-tactile (CT) afferent, a nerve fibre linked to the perception of pleasant touch, is usually not evaluated. Furthermore, the perception of unpleasantness is also rarely assessed, a dimension not only limited to a painful experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1391DOI Listing

Prediction of survival after surgical management of femoral metastatic bone disease - A comparison of prognostic models.

J Bone Oncol 2019 Apr 13;15:100225. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

The Bone and Joint Institute, Royal Newcastle Centre and John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, Australia.

Background: Operative fixation for femoral metastatic bone disease is based on the principles of reducing pain and restoring function. Recent literature has proposed a number of prognostic models for appendicular metastatic bone disease. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of proposed soring systems in the setting of femoral metastatic bone disease in order to provide surgeons with information to determine the most appropriate scoring system in this setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbo.2019.100225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6389683PMC

PCSK9 Inhibitors: Clinical Relevance, Molecular Mechanisms, and Safety in Clinical Practice.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2019 Apr 28;112(4):453-460. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Cardiologia e Ciências Cardiovasculares - Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA) - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of mortality. High circulating levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in the blood are associated with cardiovascular mortality, whether through an etiological role or through its association with the progression of CAD per se. Randomized clinical trials have shown that, when LDL levels are reduced, cardiovascular risk is also reduced, which reinforces this association. Read More

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http://www.gnresearch.org/doi/10.5935/abc.20190029
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/abc.20190029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459431PMC
April 2019
5 Reads

American geography of opportunity reveals European origins.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Mar 5;116(13):6045-6050. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Nuffield College, University of Oxford, OX1 1NF Oxford, United Kingdom;

A large literature documents how intergenerational mobility-the degree to which (dis)advantage is passed on from parents to children-varies across and within countries. Less is known about the origin or persistence of such differences. We show that US areas populated by descendants to European immigrants have similar levels of income equality and mobility as the countries their forebears came from: highest in areas dominated by descendants to Scandinavian and German immigrants, lower in places with French or Italian heritage, and lower still in areas with British roots. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1810893116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442551PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Variation in language mixing in multilingual aphasia.

Clin Linguist Phon 2019 Mar 5:1-15. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

c MultiLing Center for Multilingualism in Society across the Lifespan, Department of Linguistics and Scandinavian studies , University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.

Mixing languages within a sentence or a conversation is a common practice among many speakers of multiple languages. Language mixing found in multilingual speakers with aphasia has been suggested to reflect deficits associated with the brain lesion. In this paper, we examine language mixing behaviour in multilingual people with aphasia to test the hypothesis that the use of language mixing reflects a communicative strategy. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02699206.2019.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699206.2019.1584646DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Vibratory stimulus to the masseter muscle impairs the oral fine motor control during biting tasks.

J Prosthodont Res 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Division of Oral Diagnostics and Rehabilitation, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; SCON| Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences, Sweden.

Purpose: To investigated the effect of vibratory stimulus on masseter muscles during oral fine motor biting tasks.

Methods: Sixteen healthy individuals (age: 24.5 ± 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpor.2018.10.011DOI Listing

The impact of socioeconomic factors on the early postoperative complication rate after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery: A register-based cohort study.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.

Background: Socioeconomic factors may influence the outcome of certain surgical procedures, but it is not known whether such factors influence the risk for postoperative complication after bariatric surgery.

Objectives: Determining whether different socioeconomic factors influence the risk for postoperative complication after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery.

Setting: Nationwide in Sweden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2019.01.025DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Opioid prescribing habits differ between Denmark, Sweden and Norway - and they change over time.

Authors:
Lene Jarlbaek

Scand J Pain 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

REHPA, Knowledge Centre for Rehabilitation and Palliative Care, University of Southern Denmark, Vestergade 17, Nyborg 5800, Denmark.

Background and aims The medical use of opioids in different countries is often subject to public concern and debate, frequently based on rough figures from prescription databases made for registration of consumption. However, public access to some of these databases allow for further exploration of the prescription data, which can be processed to increase knowledge and insight into national opioid prescribing-behavior. Denmark, Sweden and Norway are considered closely related with regard to health care and culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/sjpain-2018-0342DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Prevalence and determinants of sunbed use in thirty European countries: data from the Euromelanoma skin cancer prevention campaign.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Mar;33 Suppl 2:13-27

Department of Dermatology, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Although considered as a first-group carcinogen, indoor tanning is a common practice in Europe. Euromelanoma is a pan-European skin cancer prevention campaign.

Objectives: To compare several European countries in terms of the prevalence and determinants of sunbed use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15311DOI Listing

Prediction models to measure transplant readiness of patients with renal failure: A systematic review.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2019 Jan-Feb;30(1):1-14

Department of Medical Informatics, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Predicting the future of illness, a patient is facing helps the physicians to choose the best strategy to manage the disease. Models for predicting the readiness of candidates for kidney transplant can be very promising. This study sought to systematically review the predictive models and algorithms that assess the readiness of renal transplant candidates in different countries. Read More

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February 2019

Assessment of priority tobacco additives per the requirements of the EU Tobacco Products Directive (2014/40/EU): Part 1: Background, approach, and summary of findings.

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Jun 21;104:84-97. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Philip Morris International, Philip Morris International Management SA, Avenue de Rhodanie 50, 1001, Lausanne, Switzerland.

This paper is part of a series of 3 publications and describes the non-clinical and clinical assessment performed to fulfill the regulatory requirement per Art. 6 (2) of the EU Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU; under which Member States shall require manufacturers and importers of cigarettes and roll-your-own tobacco containing an additive that is included in the priority list established by Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/787 to carry out comprehensive studies. The Directive requires manufacturers and importers of cigarettes and Roll Your Own tobacco to examine for each additive whether it; contributes to and increases the toxicity or addictiveness of tobacco products to a significant or measurable degree; if it leads to a characterizing flavor of the product; if it facilitates inhalation or nicotine uptake, and if it results in the formation of CMR (carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic) constituents and if these substances increase the CMR properties of the respective tobacco product to a significant or measurable degree. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2019.02.011DOI Listing
June 2019
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Parental digital health information seeking behavior in Switzerland: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 21;19(1):225. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Departement Gesundheit, ZHAW Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften, Institut für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Technikumstrasse 71 Postfach, CH-8401, Winterthur, Switzerland.

Background: Digital media are increasingly abundant and used to seek health information, however, to date very little is known on parents' seeking behavior in the context of child's health and development outside English-speaking and Scandinavian countries. By investigating the prevalence of, and reasons for use, we studied parents' perception of the Internet as a resource for improving their health-related knowledge.

Methods: The survey was conducted in a random sample of 2573 Swiss-German parents with at least one child aged less-than 2 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6524-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385444PMC
February 2019
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The evolutionary history of grey wolf Y chromosomes.

Mol Ecol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Evolutionary Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Analyses of Y chromosome haplotypes uniquely provide a paternal picture of evolutionary histories and offer a very useful contrast to studies based on maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Here we used a bioinformatic approach based on comparison of male and female sequence coverage to identify 4.7 Mb from the grey wolf (Canis lupis) Y chromosome, probably representing most of the male-specific, nonampliconic sequence from the euchromatic part of the chromosome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mec.15054DOI Listing
February 2019
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Pros and cons of gastric bypass surgery in individuals with obesity and type 2 diabetes: nationwide, matched, observational cohort study.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 15;9(1):e023882. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objectives: Long-term effects of gastric bypass (GBP) surgery have been presented in observational and randomised studies, but there are only limited data for persons with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) regarding postoperative complications.

Design: This is a nationwide observational study based on two quality registers in Sweden (National Diabetes Register, NDR and Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Register, SOReg) and other national databases.

Setting: After merging the data, we matched individuals with T2DM who had undergone GBP with those not surgically treated for obesity on propensity score, based on sex, age, body mass index (BMI) and calendar time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023882DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340417PMC
January 2019
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Heat Stress in Indoor Environments of Scandinavian Urban Areas: A Literature Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 02 15;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Department of Design Sciences, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden.

Climate change increases the risks of heat stress, especially in urban areas where urban heat islands can develop. This literature review aims to describe how severe heat can occur and be identified in urban indoor environments, and what actions can be taken on the local scale. There is a connection between the outdoor and the indoor climate in buildings without air conditioning, but the pathways leading to the development of severe heat levels indoors are complex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040560DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406735PMC
February 2019

Cost-effectiveness of pulp capping and root canal treatment of young permanent teeth.

Acta Odontol Scand 2019 May 15;77(4):275-281. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

a Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Odontology , Malmö University , Malmö , Sweden.

Objective: To contribute with information on cost-effectiveness of pulp capping and root canal treatment of posterior permanent vital teeth in children and adolescents with pulp exposures due to caries.

Material And Methods: Cost-effectiveness by means of a Markov simulation model was studied in a Scandinavian setting. In a simulated 12-year-old patient, treatment of pulpal exposure of a permanent tooth, either by the initial treatment pulp capping or root canal treatment, was followed for 9 years until the patient was 21. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016357.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2018.1538536DOI Listing
May 2019
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Long-term mental health and social support in victims of disaster: comparison with a general population sample.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e2

Senior Researcher,Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies,Norway.

Background: Trauma and traumatic bereavement have well-known consequences for mental health, but little is known about long-term adjustment, particularly with respect to health-protective factors.AimsTo assess the levels of anxiety/depression and perceived social support among the survivors and the bereaved 26 years after the Scandinavian Star ferry disaster compared with expected levels from the general population.

Method: Anxiety/depression and social support were assessed in face-to-face interviews with the survivors and the bereaved (N = 165, response rate 58%). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.74DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343115PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Contemporary practice of CRT implantation in scandinavia compared to Europe.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 02 5;53(1):9-13. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

f Department of Cardiology, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Objectives: To compare the contemporary practice of CRT implantation in Scandinavia and Europe.

Design: We used data from The European CRT Survey II to highlight similarities and differences in the practice of CRT implantation between Europe (EUR) and Scandinavia (SCAND) and between the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Implant data from the national pacemaker registries were used to calculate coverage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1583364DOI Listing
February 2019
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Chronic Pancreatitis Is Characterized by Distinct Complication Clusters That Associate With Etiological Risk Factors.

Am J Gastroenterol 2019 Apr;114(4):656-664

Centre for Pancreatic Diseases, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objectives: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is characterized by several disease-related complications and multiple etiological risk factors. Past studies of associations between complications and risk factors have mostly been limited to single complications or highly focused on single etiologies. Using an objective data-driven approach (cluster analysis), we characterized complication clusters and their associations with etiological risk factors in a large cohort of patients with CP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000147DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads
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The influence of staple height on postoperative complication rates after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery using linear staplers.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: The use of circular staplers with a low staple height is associated with a lower risk for complication when used to construct the gastroenterostomy in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. The influence of staple height on outcome when using linear staplers has not been studied.

Objectives: To investigate the influence of staple height when constructing the gastric pouch and gastroenterostomy using a linear stapler in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2019.01.017DOI Listing
January 2019
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Exploring the economy-wide effects of agriculture on air quality and health: Evidence from Europe.

Sci Total Environ 2019 May 31;663:889-900. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

The Cyprus Institute, Energy Environment and Water Research Center, 2121 Nicosia, Cyprus; Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Atmospheric Chemistry Department, 55128 Mainz, Germany.

Agricultural emissions strongly contribute to fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) and associated effects on human health. Environmentally-extended input-output models and a regional atmospheric chemistry model (WRF-Chem) were combined to conduct an economy-wide assessment of air pollution and pre-mature mortality in the European Union (EU), associated with a 20% increase in the final demand for the output of the agricultural sector. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.410DOI Listing
May 2019
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Incidence of severe critical events in paediatric anaesthesia in Scandinavia: Secondary analysis of Anaesthesia PRactice In Children Observational Trial (APRICOT).

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2019 May 6;63(5):601-609. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Queen Silvia Children Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: The Anaesthesia PRactice In Children Observational Trial (APRICOT) in 261 European hospitals revealed a 5.2% incidence of severe critical events in the perioperative period and wide variability in practice.

Methods: A sub-analysis of the Scandinavian data was undertaken to investigate differences from the rest of Europe in the incidence and nature of perioperative severe critical events and to attempt to identify areas for quality improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aas.13333DOI Listing
May 2019
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