9,645 results match your criteria Scandinavian Journal of Trauma Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine [Journal]


Pros and cons of gastric bypass surgery in individuals with obesity and type 2 diabetes: nationwide, matched, observational cohort study.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 15;9(1):e023882. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objectives: Long-term effects of gastric bypass (GBP) surgery have been presented in observational and randomised studies, but there are only limited data for persons with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) regarding postoperative complications.

Design: This is a nationwide observational study based on two quality registers in Sweden (National Diabetes Register, NDR and Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Register, SOReg) and other national databases.

Setting: After merging the data, we matched individuals with T2DM who had undergone GBP with those not surgically treated for obesity on propensity score, based on sex, age, body mass index (BMI) and calendar time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023882DOI Listing
January 2019

Heat Stress in Indoor Environments of Scandinavian Urban Areas: A Literature Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 15;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Department of Design Sciences, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden.

Climate change increases the risks of heat stress, especially in urban areas where urban heat islands can develop. This literature review aims to describe how severe heat can occur and be identified in urban indoor environments, and what actions can be taken on the local scale. There is a connection between the outdoor and the indoor climate in buildings without air conditioning, but the pathways leading to the development of severe heat levels indoors are complex. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040560DOI Listing
February 2019

Cost-effectiveness of pulp capping and root canal treatment of young permanent teeth.

Acta Odontol Scand 2019 Feb 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

a Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Odontology , Malmö University , Malmö , Sweden.

Objective: To contribute with information on cost-effectiveness of pulp capping and root canal treatment of posterior permanent vital teeth in children and adolescents with pulp exposures due to caries.

Material And Methods: Cost-effectiveness by means of a Markov simulation model was studied in a Scandinavian setting. In a simulated 12-year-old patient, treatment of pulpal exposure of a permanent tooth, either by the initial treatment pulp capping or root canal treatment, was followed for 9 years until the patient was 21. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2018.1538536DOI Listing
February 2019

Long-term mental health and social support in victims of disaster: comparison with a general population sample.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e2

Senior Researcher,Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies,Norway.

Background: Trauma and traumatic bereavement have well-known consequences for mental health, but little is known about long-term adjustment, particularly with respect to health-protective factors.AimsTo assess the levels of anxiety/depression and perceived social support among the survivors and the bereaved 26 years after the Scandinavian Star ferry disaster compared with expected levels from the general population.

Method: Anxiety/depression and social support were assessed in face-to-face interviews with the survivors and the bereaved (N = 165, response rate 58%). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.74DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343115PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Contemporary practice of CRT implantation in Scandinavia compared to Europe.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 Feb 14:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

f Department of Cardiology , The Heart Centre , Rigshospitalet , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Objectives: To compare the contemporary practice of CRT implantation in Scandinavia and Europe.

Design: We used data from The European CRT Survey II to highlight similarities and differences in the practice of CRT implantation between Europe (EUR) and Scandinavia (SCAND) and between the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Implant data from the national pacemaker registries were used to calculate coverage. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1583364DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Chronic Pancreatitis Is Characterized by Distinct Complication Clusters That Associate With Etiological Risk Factors.

Am J Gastroenterol 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Centre for Pancreatic Diseases, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objectives: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is characterized by several disease-related complications and multiple etiological risk factors. Past studies of associations between complications and risk factors have mostly been limited to single complications or highly focused on single etiologies. Using an objective data-driven approach (cluster analysis), we characterized complication clusters and their associations with etiological risk factors in a large cohort of patients with CP. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000147DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
10.755 Impact Factor

The influence of staple height on postoperative complication rates after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery using linear staplers.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: The use of circular staplers with a low staple height is associated with a lower risk for complication when used to construct the gastroenterostomy in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. The influence of staple height on outcome when using linear staplers has not been studied.

Objectives: To investigate the influence of staple height when constructing the gastric pouch and gastroenterostomy using a linear stapler in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2019.01.017DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Exploring the economy-wide effects of agriculture on air quality and health: Evidence from Europe.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Jan 31;663:889-900. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

The Cyprus Institute, Energy Environment and Water Research Center, 2121 Nicosia, Cyprus; Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Atmospheric Chemistry Department, 55128 Mainz, Germany.

Agricultural emissions strongly contribute to fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) and associated effects on human health. Environmentally-extended input-output models and a regional atmospheric chemistry model (WRF-Chem) were combined to conduct an economy-wide assessment of air pollution and pre-mature mortality in the European Union (EU), associated with a 20% increase in the final demand for the output of the agricultural sector. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.410DOI Listing
January 2019

Incidence of severe critical events in paediatric anaesthesia in Scandinavia: Secondary analysis of Anaesthesia PRactice In Children Observational Trial (APRICOT).

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Queen Silvia Children Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: The Anaesthesia PRactice In Children Observational Trial (APRICOT) in 261 European hospitals revealed a 5.2% incidence of severe critical events in the perioperative period and wide variability in practice.

Methods: A sub-analysis of the Scandinavian data was undertaken to investigate differences from the rest of Europe in the incidence and nature of perioperative severe critical events and to attempt to identify areas for quality improvement. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aas.13333DOI Listing
February 2019

The Relationship of Anxiety and Stress With Working Memory Performance in a Large Non-depressed Sample.

Front Psychol 2019 23;10. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Psychology, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland.

Clinical anxiety and acute stress caused by major life events have well-documented detrimental effects on cognitive processes, such as working memory (WM). However, less is known about the relationships of state anxiety or everyday stress with WM performance in non-clinical populations. We investigated the associations between these two factors and three WM composites (verbal WM, visuospatial WM, and n-back updating performance) in a large online sample of non-depressed US American adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351483PMC
January 2019

[How does the Degree of Acculturation Influence the Intention to Breastfeed, Breastfeeding Frequency, and Breastfeeding Duration in Migrant Women? A Review of the Publications from 2014-2018].

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Gynäkologie, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Carité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin.

The breastfeeding behavior of women is influenced by social, demographic and cultural factors, yet little is known about the influence of migration and acculturation. A systematic search using the electronic databases LIVIVO and MEDLINE (PubMed) was conducted followed by a manual search in the bibliographies of all selected articles. Quantitative studies from industrialized countries, published from 01. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0821-6070DOI Listing
February 2019

A prospective study of women and girls undergoing fertility preservation due to oncologic and non-oncologic indications in Sweden - Trends in patients' choices and benefit of the chosen methods after long-term follow-up.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Division of Pediatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Introduction: In Scandinavian countries, programs for fertility preservation are offered free of charge at tertiary-care university hospitals to all patients facing treatments with risk of subsequent sterility. In this prospective study we aimed to investigate trends in female patients' choices after counseling and fertility preservation outcomes during follow-up in relation to benign vs malignant indications.

Material And Methods: Data on 1254 females including 1076 adults and 178 girls who received fertility preservation counseling for either oncologic (N=852) or benign indications (N=402) at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, between 1 Oct 1998 and 1 Dec 2018 were analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13559DOI Listing
February 2019

An update on prevalence and risk of snus and nicotine replacement therapy during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Acta Paediatr 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Aim: In parallel with falling smoking rates, use of the oral moist tobacco product snus increases among women in reproductive age. We report an update on prevalence and effects of maternal use of snus and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Methods: A literature search of human studies in Medline, PubMed and EMBASE was conducted from September 2016 to May 2018, with stepwise screening of abstracts and subsequent relevant full text papers for inclusion in Scandinavian and English languages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14737DOI Listing
February 2019

Translating large-scale climate variability into crop production forecast in Europe.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 4;9(1):1277. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Studies show that climate variability drives interannual changes in meteorological variables in Europe, which directly or indirectly impacts crop production. However, there is no climate-based decision model that uses indices of atmospheric oscillation to predict agricultural production risks in Europe on multiple time-scales during the growing season. We used Fast-and-Frugal trees to predict sugar beet production, applying five large-scale indices of atmospheric oscillation: El Niño Southern Oscillation, North Atlantic Oscillation, Scandinavian Pattern, East Atlantic Pattern, and East Atlantic/West Russian pattern. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38091-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361969PMC
February 2019

Revisited relationships between probable sleep bruxism and clinical muscle symptoms.

J Dent 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Aarhus University, Vennelyst Boulevard 9, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark; Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences (SCON), Aarhus, Denmark; Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Alfreds Nobels Alle 8, SE-141 04, Huddinge, Sweden.

Objectives: Sleep bruxism (SB), characterized by repetitive jaw-muscle activity during sleep, is often suggested as a cause of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), orofacial pain, and headache. This study aimed to challenge the relationship between jaw-muscle electromyographic (EMG) activity during sleep and jaw muscle symptoms including pain by modulation of the levels of EMG activity. Contingent electrical stimulation (CES) using a portable single-channel EMG device was applied at different stimulus intensities to inhibit jaw muscle activity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The fight to keep resistance at bay, epidemiology of carbapenemase producing organisms (CPOs), vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Norway, 2006 - 2017.

PLoS One 2019 4;14(2):e0211741. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Antibiotic Resistance and Infection Prevention, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Introduction: Scandinavian countries have traditionally had a low prevalence of resistant organisms, but have in recent years experienced a change in their epidemiology. We aim to describe the epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing organisms (CPOs), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in Norway, measure the importance of infections contracted abroad, and assess the morbidity and mortality associated with these resistant bacteria in Norway. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211741PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361454PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Evidence Based Hospital Design. A literature review of the recent publications about the EBD impact of built environment on hospital occupants' and organizational outcomes.

Ann Ig 2019 Mar-Apr;31(2):165-180

Department of Architecture, Built Environment, Construction Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan Ital.

Introduction: Healthcare facilities are complex infrastructures where different features from technological, social, clinical and architectural field interact. In modern healthcare systems there is a growing attention to the need of quality in terms of process and outcome, while the structural (physical) aspects are not often considered. Since the Nineties the theory of the Evidence Based Design (EBD) states that there is significant relationship between built environment and health related outcome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7416/ai.2019.2269DOI Listing
February 2019

Drug information centres and their provision of decision support: The Scandinavian experience.

J Clin Pharm Ther 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

What Is Known And Objective: Appraisal of drug information centres (DICs) is mainly by word of mouth communication and surveys of overall user satisfaction. Efforts to study the impact of this type of informatics and decision support systematically are generally lacking within the healthcare system.

Comment: Scandinavian DICs question-answering databases are relevant sources for identifying recurring problems in pharmacotherapy, including drug safety questions, and for re-use of previous answers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpt.12804DOI Listing
February 2019

Eating self-efficacy as predictor of long-term weight loss and obesity-specific quality of life after sleeve gastrectomy: A prospective cohort study.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Førde, Norway; Center of Health Research, Førde Hospital Trust, Førde, Norway.

Background: A person's confidence to control eating, eating self-efficacy (ESE), has been identified as a target for long-term weight management in nonsurgical weight loss interventions, but has to a limited extent been studied after bariatric surgery.

Objective: We investigated the association between ESE, weight loss, and obesity-specific quality of life (QOL) after sleeve gastrectomy (SG).

Setting: A single-center longitudinal study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15507289183132
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2018.12.011DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Identification and Evaluation of Clinical Substrates of Organic Anion Transporting Polypeptides 1B1 and 1B3.

Clin Transl Sci 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

School of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195.

Organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATP) 1B1 and 1B3 facilitate the uptake of drugs and endogenous compounds into the liver. In recent years, the impact of these transporters on drug-drug interactions (DDIs) has become a focus of research, and the evaluation of their role in drug disposition is recommended by regulatory agencies worldwide. While sensitive substrates of OATP1B1/1B3 have been identified in the literature and probe drugs have been proposed by regulatory agencies, there is no general consensus on the ideal in vivo substrate for clinical drug-drug interaction studies as analysis may be confounded by contribution from other metabolic and/or transport pathways. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cts.12623DOI Listing
February 2019

Functional outcomes from a randomized trial of early closure of temporary ileostomy after rectal excision for cancer.

Br J Surg 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research Group, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Östra, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) has a significant impact on postoperative quality of life. Although early closure of an ileostomy is safe in selected patients, functional outcomes have not been investigated. The aim was to compare bowel function and the prevalence of LARS in patients who underwent early or late closure of an ileostomy after rectal resection for cancer. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/bjs.11092
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs.11092DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Impact of sleep bruxism on training-induced cortical plasticity.

J Prosthodont Res 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Aarhus University, Department of Dentistry, Aarhus, Denmark; Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences (SCON), Aarhus, Denmark; Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.

Purpose: To investigate if sleep bruxism (SB) influences training-induced cortical plasticity and performance in terms of accuracy and precision of a tooth-clenching task (TCT).

Methods: Thirty-eight participants were allocated into SB group (N=19) and control group (N=19) according to presence of SB based on a 2-week screening. The participants were instructed to perform a standardized TCT for 58min at three different force levels (10%, 20% and 40% of maximum voluntary contraction; MVC) in three series (first and third without visual-feedback and second with visual-feedback). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpor.2018.12.008DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Determinants of quality of life in patients with hemorrhagic stroke: A path analysis.

Authors:
Wei Zhu Yan Jiang

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(5):e13928

West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, China.

Identifying the determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) improved assessment and decision-making in clinical practice. A few studies have focused on the determinants of HRQOL and their interrelationships in patients with hemorrhagic stroke. The aim of this study was to identify the factors contributing to HRQOL and exam their interrelationships. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013928DOI Listing
February 2019

Self-directed speech and dialogue in dementia care: the potential of co-participants' contributions.

Logoped Phoniatr Vocol 2019 Jan 29:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

b Scandinavian Languages , University of Turku , Turku , Finland.

Purpose: Dementia is associated with an ongoing decline in language function, involving both language production and comprehension. Maintaining a conversation with persons with dementia may be challenging. In this study, we investigate how the contributions of professional caregivers affect the linguistic contributions of the speaker with dementia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14015439.2019.1554853DOI Listing
January 2019

Projecting Tree Species Composition Changes of European Forests for 2061-2090 Under RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 Scenarios.

Front Plant Sci 2018 11;9:1986. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Professorship of Ecoclimatology, Technische Universität München, Freising, Germany.

Climate change poses certain threats to the World's forests. That is, tree performance declines if species-specific, climatic thresholds are surpassed. Prominent climatic changes negatively affecting tree performance are mainly associated with so-called hotter droughts. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01986DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337730PMC
January 2019

Survival and prognosis with osteosarcoma: outcomes in more than 2000 patients in the EURAMOS-1 (European and American Osteosarcoma Study) cohort.

Eur J Cancer 2019 Jan 24;109:36-50. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

COG Five Prime Therapeutics, Inc South San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: High-grade osteosarcoma is a primary malignant bone tumour mainly affecting children and young adults. The European and American Osteosarcoma Study (EURAMOS)-1 is a collaboration of four study groups aiming to improve outcomes of this rare disease by facilitating randomised controlled trials.

Methods: Patients eligible for EURAMOS-1 were aged ≤40 years with M0 or M1 skeletal high-grade osteosarcoma in which case complete surgical resection at all sites was deemed to be possible. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2018.11.027DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Contraceptive use at first intercourse is associated with subsequent sexual behaviors.

Contraception 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Unit of Virus, Lifestyle and Genes, Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Gynecology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Objective: Women's contraceptive use at first sexual intercourse (FSI) may be associated with subsequent sexual behaviors. We examined associations between contraceptive methods used at FSI and subsequent number of lifetime partners, induced abortions and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Study Design: During 2011-2012, we collected questionnaire data from a random sample of women aged 18-45 years from Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2018.12.006DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Primary Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death With Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy in Patients With Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Cardiology, The Heart Center, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark & Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy remains a corner stone of sudden cardiac death (SCD) prevention in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). We aimed to assess predictors of appropriate ICD therapies in the Scandinavian cohort of ARVC patients who received ICD for primary prevention of SCD. Study group comprised of 79 definite ARVC patients by 2010 Task Force criteria (60% male, age at ICD implant 39 ± 14 years) who were enrolled in the Nordic ARVC Registry and received an ICD for primary SCD prevention. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.12.049DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Comparing Techniques for Mesenteric Defects Closure in Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery-a Register-Based Cohort Study.

Obes Surg 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, SE-70185, Örebro, Sweden.

Background: Routine closure of mesenteric defects is generally considered standard part of laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery today. Controversy still exists regarding the optimal method for mesenteric defects closure. The objective was to compare different methods for mesenteric defects handling in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11695-018-03670-x
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-018-03670-xDOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

[Effect of early acupuncture intervention on post-stroke depression: a randomized controlled trial].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2018 Nov;38(11):1141-4

Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai 201203,China; Institute of Acupuncture Anesthesia, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai 201203.

Objective: To observe the effects of conventional drug therapy combined with acupuncture and conventional drug therapy on the morbidity of post-stroke depression and recovery of neurological function in patients with acute stroke, and provide new ideas for prevention and treatment of post-stroke depression.

Methods: Sixty patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one.Conventional drug therapy was given in the control group;on the basis of conventional drug therapy,acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN1), Neiguan (PC 6), Hegu (LI 4), Taixi (KI 3), etc. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.13703/j.0255-2930.2018.11.001DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Psychosocial factors associated with coping behaviour after inpatient treatment for substance use disorder: a systematic review study protocol.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 21;9(1):e022673. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Social Work, Child Welfare and Social Policy, OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.

Introduction: Much is known about factors associated with coping with abstinence from substance use. The planned systematic review aims to summarise available studies exploring the change in psychosocial factors associated with coping after long-term (≥3 months) inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). Examples of of interest are social support, housing, activity (eg, employment and education) mental health and quality of life. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02267
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022673DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347889PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

The probability of poverty for mothers after childbirth and divorce in Europe: The role of social stratification and tax-benefit policies.

Soc Sci Res 2019 Feb 16;78:57-70. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Faculty of Philosophy, Vilnius University, Universiteto str. 9/1, Vilnius, Lithuania. Electronic address:

This paper looks at the effects of tax-benefit systems and social stratification determinants on the probability of poverty among mothers after childbirth and divorce/separation. The analysis was carried out for twelve EU countries, which represent a variety of welfare regimes providing different degrees of defamilialisation. We applied the stress-testing methodology using microsimulation techniques as proposed by Atkinson (2009) and carried out a regression analysis of the simulated results. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.10.007DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Ewing sarcoma of the mobile spine; predictive factors for survival, neurological function and local control. A Scandinavian sarcoma group study with a mean follow-up of 12 years.

J Bone Oncol 2019 Feb 26;14:100216. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, 17176 Solna, Sweden.

Many patients with Ewing sarcoma (ES) of the mobile spine present with neurologic symptoms leading to emergency decompressive surgery. Only rarely is optimal treatment involving neo-adjuvant chemotherapy followed by en bloc excision possible. The purpose of this study was to study treatment, neurologic and oncologic outcome in patients with ES of the mobile spine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbo.2018.100216DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329704PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Effects of exercise therapy on painful temporomandibular disorders.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Division of Advanced Prosthetic Dentistry, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry, Sendai, Japan.

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are common chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions among orofacial pain. Painful TMD condition such as myalgia and arthralgia can be managed by exercise therapy. However, as it is hard to access actual effect of each modality that is included in an exercise therapy programme due to multiple choice of the management modality, their efficacy remains controversial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12770DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Temporomandibular joint damage in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: Diagnostic validity of diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

School of Orthodontics, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Oral Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Background: Diagnostic criteria reported in the expanded taxonomy for temporomandibular disorders include a standardised clinical examination and diagnosis (DC/TMD 3.B) of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) damage in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA); however, their validity is unknown.

Objectives: To assess the validity of DC/TMD 3. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12769DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

No place like home? A test of the natal habitat-biased dispersal hypothesis in Scandinavian wolves.

R Soc Open Sci 2018 Dec 12;5(12):181379. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Faculty of Applied Ecology and Agricultural Sciences, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Evenstad, 2480 Koppang, Norway.

Natal dispersal is an important mechanism for the viability of populations. The influence of local conditions or experience gained in the natal habitat could improve fitness if dispersing individuals settle in an area with similar habitat characteristics. This process, defined as 'natal habitat-biased dispersal' (NHBD), has been used to explain distribution patterns in large carnivores, but actual studies evaluating it are rare. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.181379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304128PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Clinical practice guideline on atraumatic (pencil-point) vs conventional needles for lumbar puncture: Endorsement by the Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine.

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Intensive Care, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine Clinical Practice Committee endorses the BMJ Rapid Recommendation clinical practice guideline on atraumatic (pencil-point) vs conventional needles for lumbar puncture. This includes the strong recommendation for the use of atraumatic needles for lumbar puncture in all patients regardless of age or indication. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aas.13312
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aas.13312DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Trigeminal nociceptive function and oral somatosensory functional and structural assessment in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

Sci Rep 2019 Jan 17;9(1):169. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences (SCON), Aarhus, Denmark.

This case-control study primarily compared the trigeminal nociceptive function, the intraoral somatosensory profile and possible structural nerve changes between diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN, n = 12) patients and healthy participants (n = 12). The nociceptive blink reflex (nBR) was recorded applying an electrical stimulation over the entry zone of the right supraorbital (V1R), infraorbital (V2R) and mental (V3R) and left infraorbital (V2L) nerves. The outcomes were: individual electrical sensory (I) and pain thresholds (I); root mean square (RMS), area-under-the-curve (AUC) and onset latencies of R2 component of the nBR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37041-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336810PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Managing sickness absence of patients with musculoskeletal pain - a cross-sectional survey of Scandinavian chiropractors.

Chiropr Man Therap 2019 11;27. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

2Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark.

Background: Musculoskeletal pain is a major cause of work disability. Many patients with musculoskeletal pain seek care from health care providers other than their general practitioners, including a range of musculoskeletal practitioners. Therefore, these musculoskeletal practitioners may play a key role by engaging in sickness absence management and work disability prevention. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://chiromt.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12998-01
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12998-018-0230-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329073PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Clinical pathways of recovery after surgery for advanced ovarian/tubal/peritoneal cancer: an NSGO-MaNGO international survey in collaboration with AGO-a focus on surgical aspects.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2019 Jan;29(1):181-187

Department of Gynaecological Cancer, Division of Cancer Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Objectives: This survey assessed the implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) for patients undergoing surgery for advanced ovarian cancer in three European cooperative study groups in Scandinavia, Italy, and Austria. The aim was to evaluate the landscape for future trials on ERAS pathways in ovarian cancer, because high-level evidence for such interventions is lacking.

Methods: In July 2017, a web-based questionnaire (SurveyMonkey Inc, Palo Alto, CA, USA) was sent to centers conducting surgery for advanced ovarian cancer within the Nordic Society of Gynecologic Oncology (NSGO), Mario Negri Gynecologic Oncology Group (MaNGO) and other Italian institutions, and the Association for Gynecologic Oncology Austria (AGO Austria) (n = 100). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://ijgc.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/ijgc-2018-000021
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ijgc-2018-000021DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Statin use and breast cancer survival - a Swedish nationwide study.

BMC Cancer 2019 Jan 11;19(1):54. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Division of Oncology and Pathology, Department of Clinical Sciences, Barngatan 4, SE-221 85, Lund, Sweden.

Background: A sizeable body of evidence suggests that statins can cease breast cancer progression and prevent breast cancer recurrence. The latest studies have, however, not been supportive of such clinically beneficial effects. These discrepancies may be explained by insufficient power. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-018-5263-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330431PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Phenotypes of patients with extensive tooth wear-A novel approach using cluster analysis.

J Dent 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Dept. of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Scandinavian Centre for Orofacial Neuroscience (SCON), Denmark; Section of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objectives: Explore a new approach to identify phenotypes of tooth wear (TW) patients using an unsupervised cluster analysis model, based on demographic, self-report, clinical, salivary and electromyographic (EMG) findings.

Methods: Data was collected for 34 variables from 125 patients, aged 17-65 years, with a TW index > grade 2. Demographic information and presumed risk factors for chemical and mechanical TW were collected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Incidence of multiple paternity and inbreeding in high-density brown bear populations on the Shiretoko Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan.

J Hered 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Environmental Veterinary Science, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

Understanding the breeding ecology of a species is essential for the appropriate conservation and management of wildlife. In brown bears, females occasionally copulate with multiple males in one breeding season, which may lead to multiple paternity in a single litter. In contrast, inbreeding, a potential factor in the reduction of genetic diversity, may occur, particularly in threatened populations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esz002DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

What do geriatric patients experience during an episode of delirium in acute care hospitals? : A qualitative study.

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Universitätsklinik für Geriatrie der PMU, Uniklinikum Salzburg Christian-Doppler-Klinik, Ignaz-Harrer-Str. 79, 5020, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Predispositions and triggers for delirium, such as noxious agents are known and behavior can be monitored; however, there is little to no information available regarding the experience of patients during delirium episodes. Not much is known about a person's world of experiences, which therefore mostly remains as a sort of black box.

Objective: This study was motivated by the following question: "What do (Austrian) geriatric patients experience during an episode of delirium in an acute care hospital?" The main objective of this article is to present little snippets from the experiences and to allow geriatric patients to speak for themselves. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00391-018-01492-1DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Author Correction: Association analyses of more than 140,000 men identify 63 new prostate cancer susceptibility loci.

Authors:
Fredrick R Schumacher Ali Amin Al Olama Sonja I Berndt Sara Benlloch Mahbubl Ahmed Edward J Saunders Tokhir Dadaev Daniel Leongamornlert Ezequiel Anokian Clara Cieza-Borrella Chee Goh Mark N Brook Xin Sheng Laura Fachal Joe Dennis Jonathan Tyrer Kenneth Muir Artitaya Lophatananon Victoria L Stevens Susan M Gapstur Brian D Carter Catherine M Tangen Phyllis J Goodman Ian M Thompson Jyotsna Batra Suzanne Chambers Leire Moya Judith Clements Lisa Horvath Wayne Tilley Gail P Risbridger Henrik Gronberg Markus Aly Tobias Nordström Paul Pharoah Nora Pashayan Johanna Schleutker Teuvo L J Tammela Csilla Sipeky Anssi Auvinen Demetrius Albanes Stephanie Weinstein Alicja Wolk Niclas Håkansson Catharine M L West Alison M Dunning Neil Burnet Lorelei A Mucci Edward Giovannucci Gerald L Andriole Olivier Cussenot Géraldine Cancel-Tassin Stella Koutros Laura E Beane Freeman Karina Dalsgaard Sorensen Torben Falck Orntoft Michael Borre Lovise Maehle Eli Marie Grindedal David E Neal Jenny L Donovan Freddie C Hamdy Richard M Martin Ruth C Travis Tim J Key Robert J Hamilton Neil E Fleshner Antonio Finelli Sue Ann Ingles Mariana C Stern Barry S Rosenstein Sarah L Kerns Harry Ostrer Yong-Jie Lu Hong-Wei Zhang Ninghan Feng Xueying Mao Xin Guo Guomin Wang Zan Sun Graham G Giles Melissa C Southey Robert J MacInnis Liesel M FitzGerald Adam S Kibel Bettina F Drake Ana Vega Antonio Gómez-Caamaño Robert Szulkin Martin Eklund Manolis Kogevinas Javier Llorca Gemma Castaño-Vinyals Kathryn L Penney Meir Stampfer Jong Y Park Thomas A Sellers Hui-Yi Lin Janet L Stanford Cezary Cybulski Dominika Wokolorczyk Jan Lubinski Elaine A Ostrander Milan S Geybels Børge G Nordestgaard Sune F Nielsen Maren Weischer Rasmus Bisbjerg Martin Andreas Røder Peter Iversen Hermann Brenner Katarina Cuk Bernd Holleczek Christiane Maier Manuel Luedeke Thomas Schnoeller Jeri Kim Christopher J Logothetis Esther M John Manuel R Teixeira Paula Paulo Marta Cardoso Susan L Neuhausen Linda Steele Yuan Chun Ding Kim De Ruyck Gert De Meerleer Piet Ost Azad Razack Jasmine Lim Soo-Hwang Teo Daniel W Lin Lisa F Newcomb Davor Lessel Marija Gamulin Tomislav Kulis Radka Kaneva Nawaid Usmani Sandeep Singhal Chavdar Slavov Vanio Mitev Matthew Parliament Frank Claessens Steven Joniau Thomas Van den Broeck Samantha Larkin Paul A Townsend Claire Aukim-Hastie Manuela Gago-Dominguez Jose Esteban Castelao Maria Elena Martinez Monique J Roobol Guido Jenster Ron H N van Schaik Florence Menegaux Thérèse Truong Yves Akoli Koudou Jianfeng Xu Kay-Tee Khaw Lisa Cannon-Albright Hardev Pandha Agnieszka Michael Stephen N Thibodeau Shannon K McDonnell Daniel J Schaid Sara Lindstrom Constance Turman Jing Ma David J Hunter Elio Riboli Afshan Siddiq Federico Canzian Laurence N Kolonel Loic Le Marchand Robert N Hoover Mitchell J Machiela Zuxi Cui Peter Kraft Christopher I Amos David V Conti Douglas F Easton Fredrik Wiklund Stephen J Chanock Brian E Henderson Zsofia Kote-Jarai Christopher A Haiman Rosalind A Eeles

Nat Genet 2019 Feb;51(2):363

Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK.

In the version of this article initially published, the name of author Manuela Gago-Dominguez was misspelled as Manuela Gago Dominguez. The error has been corrected in the HTML and PDF version of the article. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41588-018-0330-6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41588-018-0330-6DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads
29.352 Impact Factor

Effects of morphological family on word recognition in normal aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease.

Cortex 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address:

Reading a word activates morphologically related words in the mental lexicon. People with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) often have difficulty retrieving words, though the source of this problem is not well understood. To better understand the word recognition process in aging and in neurodegenerative disorders such as MCI and AD, we investigated the nature of the activation of morphologically related family members in 22 Finnish speakers with AD, 24 with MCI, and 17 cognitively healthy elderly. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.10.028DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Colonization factors among enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli isolates from children with moderate-to-severe diarrhea and from matched controls in the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS).

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 01 4;13(1):e0007037. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America.

Background: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) encoding heat-stable enterotoxin (ST) alone or with heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) cause moderate-to-severe diarrhea (MSD) in developing country children. The Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) identified ETEC encoding ST among the top four enteropathogens. Since the GEMS objective was to provide evidence to guide development and implementation of enteric vaccines and other interventions to diminish diarrheal disease morbidity and mortality, we examined colonization factor (CF) prevalence among ETEC isolates from children age <5 years with MSD and from matched controls in four African and three Asian sites. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343939PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Welfare regimes modify the association of disadvantaged adult-life socioeconomic circumstances with self-rated health in old age.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Swiss NCCR "LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: Life Course Perspectives", University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Welfare regimes in Europe modify individuals' socioeconomic trajectories over their life-course, and, ultimately, the link between socioeconomic circumstances (SECs) and health. This paper aimed to assess whether the associations between life-course SECs (early-life, young adult-life, middle-age and old-age) and risk of poor self-rated health (SRH) trajectories in old age are modified by welfare regimes (Scandinavian [SC], Bismarckian [BM], Southern European [SE], Eastern European [EE]).

Methods: We used data from the longitudinal SHARE survey. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyy283DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Pregnancy As a Risk Factor for Small Bowel Obstruction After Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery.

Ann Surg 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.

Objective: To evaluate whether pregnancy is associated with increased risk for small bowel obstruction after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery.

Background: Small bowel obstruction is a common and feared long-term complication to laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery that may be more common during pregnancy. It is unclear if the risk truly increases during pregnancy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000003163DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Survivorship and long-term outcome of a consecutive series of 200 Scandinavian Total Ankle Replacement (STAR) implants.

Bone Joint J 2019 Jan;101-B(1):47-54

Wrightington Hospital, Wigan, UK.

Aims: We report the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of a consecutive series of 200 total ankle arthroplasties (TAAs, 184 patients) at a single centre using the Scandinavian Total Ankle Replacement (STAR) implants.

Patients And Methods: Between November 1993 and February 2000, 200 consecutive STAR prostheses were implanted in 184 patients by a single surgeon. Demographic and clinical data were collected prospectively and the last available status was recorded for further survival analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B1.BJJ-2018-0801.R1DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads