2,358 results match your criteria Scandinavian Journal of Public Health [Journal]


Changes in the gender segregation of occupations in Sweden between 2003 and 2011.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 12:1403494819831910. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Division of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze possible changes in the gender composition of occupations in Sweden, using register data covering the whole working population.

Methods: Cross tabulations on gender by occupation were computed and comparisons made of numbers and proportions of women and men aged 20-64 years to illustrate occupational gender-segregation categories in 2003 and 2011, respectively. All of those in working ages, employed in 2003 and 2011 (4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819831910DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Social determinants of adolescent smoking over three generations.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819839854. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1 Tampere University, Finland.

Aim: We studied how multigenerational socioeconomic circumstances influence adolescents' smoking. Previous studies have shown that low academic achievement as well as parents' low socioeconomic circumstances are associated with adolescents' smoking, but there are few studies on grandparents' influence on their grandchildren's smoking. For the chain of three generations, we hypothesised that high socioeconomic circumstances of both parents and grandparents decrease the probability of smoking and adolescents' own education and circumstances contribute to this association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819839854DOI Listing

Antipsychotic medication use among working-age first-generation migrants resident in Finland: An administrative data linkage study.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819841960. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

2 Administrative Data Research Centre - Northern Ireland, Centre for Public Health, Queen's University Belfast, UK.

Aims: Higher incidence of psychotic disorders in high-income countries for migrants compared with the settled majority has been well established. However, it is less clear to what extent different migrants groups have accessed and utilised mental health care. This study aimed to identify the hazard of antipsychotic medication use in the largest migrant groups in Finland, compared with a Finnish-born comparison group, using high quality datasets maintained by Statistics Finland and Social Insurance Institution Finland, and linking socio-demographic and -economic characteristics to antipsychotic prescription purchases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819841960DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Adjusting for non-response in the Finnish Drinking Habits Survey.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819840895. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1 National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Public Health Solutions, Finland.

Aim: We aim to compare four different weighting methods to adjust for non-response in a survey on drinking habits and to examine whether the problem of under-coverage of survey estimates of alcohol use could be remedied by these methods in comparison to sales statistics.

Method: The data from a general population survey of Finns aged 15-79 years in 2016 ( n=2285, response rate 60%) were used. Outcome measures were the annual volume of drinking and prevalence of hazardous drinking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819840895DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Seasonal variation in seeking help for domestic violence based on Google search data and Finnish police calls in 2017.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819834098. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

2 University of Helsinki, Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, Finland.

Aims: Domestic violence is a major health concern and a largely hidden crime. It is estimated that authorities receive information in only a minority of cases. This study investigated seasonal patterns in seeking help for domestic violence by employing Google data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819834098DOI Listing

The public debate on organ donation and presumed consent in Denmark: Are the right issues being addressed?

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819833797. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Centre for Medical Science and Technology Studies, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

The legal framework for organ donation in Denmark is informed consent. But due to the unsatisfactory number of organ donors, Denmark is considering changing legislation to presumed consent. This article discusses the public debate on organ donation and presumed consent in Denmark, and asks whether the right issues are being addressed in the quest towards more available organs and better donor rates? Basing our considerations on the various arguments in the debate and on scientific findings, we question the potential benefits of presumed consent and challenge some of the assumptions and rationalizations that characterize the discussions in Denmark regarding public support, public trust and the role of the family in donation decisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819833797DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Frequent attenders at risk of disability pension: a longitudinal study combining routine and register data.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819838663. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1 Tampere University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Tampere, Finland.

Aims: Frequent attendance in healthcare services is associated with ill-health and chronic illnesses. More information is needed about the phenomenon's connection with disability pensions (DPs).

Methods: The study group comprised 59,676 patients divided into occasional- (1yFAs) and persistent frequent attenders (pFAs) and non-frequent attenders (non-FAs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819838663DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Gender equality and sick leave among first-time parents in Sweden.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819837791. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1 Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Insurance Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Aims: To examine gender equality in the family and sick leave among first-time parents.

Methods: Heterosexuals who became first-time parents between 2002 and 2009 ( N = 223,332) were identified in national registers. Gender equality in the family was evaluated by parental insurance and income from gainful employment representing the domestic and work spheres respectively and was defined as each parent contributing 40-60% of the family total. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819837791DOI Listing

Incidence of injuries in Norway: linking primary and secondary care data.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819838906. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Aims: Most studies of injury incidence underestimate the total burden of injury, as they do not include injuries treated in primary care. The aim of this study was to measure the total incidence of medically treated injuries in Norway. We further investigated the epidemiology of injuries treated in primary and secondary care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819838906DOI Listing

Physical-work ability and chronic musculoskeletal complaints are related to leisure-time physical activity: Cross-sectional study among manual workers aged 50-70 years.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819839533. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1 Sport Sciences, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark.

Aims: To investigate the associations between both high- and low-intensity leisure-time physical activity on physical-work ability and chronic musculoskeletal complaints among manual workers aged 50-70 years.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 1763 manual workers (mean age 57.1, SD ± 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819839533DOI Listing

Scandinavian research on complementary and alternative medicine: A bibliometric study.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819834099. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

2 Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland.

Aim: The aim of this study is to analyse the development of Scandinavian research on complementary and alternative medicine in terms of publication pattern and general content. Furthermore we will map research networks.

Methods And Data: This study is based on bibliometric methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819834099DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Association of snus experimentation in late adolescence with daily cigarette smoking in early adulthood: A longitudinal study among Finnish men.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494819828868. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1 Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Aims: Swedish smokeless tobacco (snus) is a lower-risk tobacco product than cigarette smoking for individuals. However, the public health impact of snus use is less well studied. Critically, it is uncertain whether use of snus leads to the onset of smoking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819828868DOI Listing

Return to work after first incidence of long-term sickness absence: A 10-year prospective follow-up study identifying labour-market trajectories using sequence analysis.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Apr 11:1403494818821003. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Centre for the Study of Professions, OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.

Aims: The study aim was to identify prototypical labour-market trajectories following a first incidence of long-term sickness absence (LTSA), and to assess whether baseline socio-demographic characteristics are associated with the return-to-work (RTW) process and labour-market attachment (LMA).

Methods: This prospective study used Norwegian administrative registers with quarterly information on labour-market participation to follow all individuals born 1952-1978 who underwent a first LTSA during the first quarter of 2004 ( n =9607) over a 10-year period (2004-2013). Sequence analysis was used to identify prototypical labour-market trajectories and LMA; trajectory membership was examined with multinomial logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818821003DOI Listing

Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Feb 28:1403494819828870. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

5 Petra Wagman, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Sweden.

Introduction: Occupational balance is the experience of having the right amount and right variation between work, domestic work, leisure, rest, and sleep. There is limited knowledge about which factors predict parents' combined occupational balance, and if the combined occupational balance is associated with work and life satisfaction.

Aim: The first aim was to explore whether domestic work and childcare at baseline predicted combined occupational balance at follow-up among working cohabiting parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819828870DOI Listing
February 2019

Flaunting our assets. Making the most of the Nordic registry goldmine: Cerebral palsy as an example.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Feb 28:1403494819829338. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

1 Lund University, Skane University Hospital, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Orthopedics, Lund, Sweden.

Aims: To describe the early experiences of a Nordic multidisciplinary cerebral palsy (CP) registry research program combining data from national medical quality registries, follow-up programs and cohort data, in addition to data from other national registries; to explore the scientific and practical uses of such research, and provide recommendations for facilitating similar work in the future.

Methods: The work was divided into three themes: medical outcomes, social and public health outcomes, and health economics; and three cross-cutting teams: a reference team, a challenge team, and a communication and dissemination team. Initially each country will perform domestic research, and in the second stage data will be merged across all Nordic countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819829338DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Feeding Practices in Finnish preschools.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Feb 28:1403494819832114. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

1 Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland.

Aims: Certain feeding practices, such as role modeling healthy eating and encouragement are recommended to be used in preschools. Little is known about whether preschool characteristics are associated with the use of these feeding practices. Our aim was to examine whether the socioeconomic status (SES) of the preschool neighborhood is associated with the feeding practices in preschools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819832114DOI Listing
February 2019

The "cancer-cold" hypothesis and possible extensions for the Nordic populations.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Feb 28:1403494819831905. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Medical School, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Cancer incidence is inexplicably high in cold countries. This has been revealed by recent genetic and epidemiological studies. These studies used data from the GLOBOCAN-2012 database, for 186 populations and for a variety of cancer types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819831905DOI Listing
February 2019

Influence of physical and psychosocial working conditions for the risk of disability pension among healthy female eldercare workers: Prospective cohort.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Feb 28:1403494819831821. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Aim: To investigate the influence of physical and psychosocial working conditions on the risk of disability pension among eldercare workers.

Methods: After responding to a questionnaire in 2005, 4699 healthy female eldercare workers - free from chronic musculoskeletal pain, depressive symptoms and long-term sickness absence - were followed for 11 years in the Danish Register for Evaluation of Marginalization. Time-to-event analyses estimated the hazard ratio (HR) for disability pension from physical exertion during work, emotional demands, influence at work, role conflicts, and quality of leadership. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819831821DOI Listing
February 2019

Ischemic heart failure as a complication of incident acute myocardial infarction: Timing and time trends: A national analysis including 78,814 Danish patients during 2000-2009.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Feb 28:1403494819829333. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

2 Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark.

Aim: Heart failure is a serious complication of acute myocardial infarction leading to poor prognosis. We aimed at exploring time trends of heart failure and their impact on mortality among patients with an incident acute myocardial infarction.

Methods: From the National Patient Danish Registry we collected data on all patients hospitalized with an incident of acute myocardial infarction during 2000-2009 and identified cases with in-hospital heart failure (presented on admission or developing heart failure during acute myocardial infarction hospitalization) or post-discharge heart failure (a hospitalization or outpatient visit following acute myocardial infarction discharge), and assessed in-hospital, 30-day and 1-year mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819829333DOI Listing
February 2019

Role of employment-related inequalities in young adults' life satisfaction: A comparative study in five European welfare state regimes.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 25:1403494818823934. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

3 Department of Sociology 2, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Spain.

Aims: There is evidence that young people are less satisfied with their lives when they are unemployed or working in precarious conditions. This study aims to shed light on how the life satisfaction of unemployed and precariously employed young people varies across welfare states with different labour market policies and levels of social protection.

Methods: The analyses are based on representative cross-sectional survey data from five European countries (Denmark, the UK, Germany, Spain and the Czech Republic), corresponding to five different welfare state regimes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818823934DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Capital interplays and social inequalities in health.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 23:1403494818824436. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

2 University of Bern, Switzerland.

We explore the ramifications of applying Pierre Bourdieu's theory of capitals to epidemiological research on socioeconomic health inequalities. Capitals are resources used by individuals and groups to maintain and enhance their positions in the social order. The notion of capital interplay refers to the interconnectedness of multiple forms of capital in the production of good health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818824436DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Cyberbullying and traditional bullying among Nordic adolescents and their impact on life satisfaction.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 23:1403494818817411. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

8 University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cybervictimization in the six Nordic countries and to assess its overlap with traditional bullying. A further aim was to examine potential associations between life satisfaction, on the one hand, and traditional bullying and cyberbullying on the other.

Methods: Analyses were based on data from the 2013⁄2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818817411DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Illegal substance use among 1,309 music festival attendees: An investigation using oral fluid sample drug tests, breathalysers and questionnaires.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818821481. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

2 Department of Forensic Sciences, Oslo University Hospital, Norway.

Aims: Illegal substance use at music festivals is less documented than it is in nightlife and electronic dance music settings. This study investigated such use through questionnaires, breathalysers and oral fluid drug testing. We also examined the associations between testing positive for illegal substances and demographics, self-reported substance use and measured blood alcohol concentration levels. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494818821481
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818821481DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

Mental illnesses are not an 'ideal type' of disability for disability income support: Perceptions of policymakers in Australia and Canada.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818816903. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

1 Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, Australia.

Aim: This article aims to explore how policymakers conceptualise a person suitable for disability income support (DIS) and how this compares across two settings - Australia and Canada.

Methods: A constructivist grounded theory approach was used; 45 policymakers in Australia and Canada were interviewed between March 2012 and September 2013. All policymakers are or were influential in the design or assessment of DIS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818816903DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Socioeconomic differences in swimming ability among children in Malmö, southern Sweden: Initial results from a community-level intervention.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818821478. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

5 Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.

Aims: To investigate to what extent socioeconomic differences in swimming abilities persist among children in the city of Malmö, Sweden, after a community-level swimming intervention programme in public primary schools.

Methods: A compulsory swimming education programme was launched in 2014 in second grade (at age 8) in all public primary schools in Malmö, Sweden. Data for the present study on sociodemographic conditions and self-reported swimming ability in fourth grade (age 10) were used for the last birth cohort unexposed ( n = 1695) and the first birth cohort exposed ( n = 1773) to the intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818821478DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in northern Sweden: A decomposition analysis.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818812647. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Epidemiology and Global Health, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Aims: Increasing income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity have been reported in the relatively socially equal setting of northern Sweden. The present report seeks to contribute to the literature by exploring the contribution of different factors to the income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in northern Sweden.

Methods: This study was based on the 2014 Health on Equal Terms survey, distributed in the four northernmost counties of Sweden. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494818812647
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818812647DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A follow-up of the introduction of a maximum entitlement period for receiving sickness benefits in Sweden: A nationwide register-based study.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818818258. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

1 Division of Insurance Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

In 2008, Sweden introduced a policy change to limit the number of days for sickness benefits (SB). This study aimed to elucidate the characteristics of those who reached the maximum entitlement period for receiving sickness benefits (MEPSB) and their future main source of income.

Methods: All 5,309,759 individuals, aged 20-63 and residents of Sweden in 2009 were followed from July 2008 to July 2010 regarding SB-days and date of MEPSB and then categorised into three groups: I) no SB-days, II) ongoing SB-days, and III) MEPSB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818818258DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Autopsy rates in Iceland.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818820748. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.

A clinical as well as forensic autopsy is a uniform medical investigation of the deceased, which mainly serves to verify the plausibility of information on the cause, mode and mechanism of death provided by the police and/or medical personnel. Despite its importance in the context of a conclusive assessment of a person's medical history and in detecting any criminal correlation or malpractice, a significant decline in autopsies is evident in Iceland. This article gives an overview on autopsy rates in Iceland and compares the situation with European countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818820748DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Educational level and living arrangements are associated with dietary intake of red meat and fruit/vegetables: A Danish cross-sectional study.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818821482. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

1 Department of Cardiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark.

Aims: To evaluate the association between education and living arrangements and the intake of fish, red meat and fruit and vegetables.

Methods: The study design was cross-sectional and conducted in Denmark in 2013. Participants filled in questionnaires about their educational level and living arrangements (living alone or with others) and dietary intake including fish, red meat, fruit and vegetables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818821482DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Achieving the SDGs through interdisciplinary research in global health.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:1403494818812637. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

3 Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University, Sweden.

The Swedish Global Health Research Conference held in Stockholm, 18-19 April 2018, convened researchers from across Sweden's universities to foster collaboration and new research. In response to the theme of the conference, How can Sweden contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals? From research to action, many of the plenary and keynote speakers highlighted the importance of interdisciplinary research and teaching. This commentary draws upon a workshop discussing interdisciplinarity, which took place at the conference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818812637DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Can a poor psychosocial work environment and insufficient organizational resources explain the higher risk of ill-health and sickness absence in human service occupations? Evidence from a Swedish national cohort.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:1403494818812638. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in burnout, self-rated health (SRH) and sickness absence between human service occupations (HSOs) and other occupations, and whether they can be attributed to differences in psychosocial work environment and organizational resources.

Methods: Data were derived from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health, an approximately representative sample of the Swedish working population ( n = 4408). Employment in HSOs, psychosocial work environment and organizational resources in 2012 predicted relative risks of sickness absence, burnout and suboptimal SRH in 2014 using modified Poisson regressions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818812638DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

School-level changes in factors related to oral health inequalities after national recommendation on sweet selling.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:1403494818812641. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 Department of Community Dentistry, University of Turku, Finland.

Aims: In 2007, Finnish authorities gave a national recommendation that schools should not sell sweet products. This study aimed to determine the effects of the national recommendation on school-level intermediary determinants (factors related to oral health inequalities) and if the changes were different according to school-level socio-economic position (SEP).

Methods: This ecological and longitudinal study combined school-level data from two independent studies from Finnish upper comprehensive schools ( N = 970): the School Health Promotion study (SHPS) and the School Sweet Selling survey (SSSS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818812641DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Induced abortions by woman's country of origin in Finland 2001-2014.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:1403494818812640. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

5 Department of Social Statistics and Demography, University of Southampton, UK.

Aims: Understanding the differences in reproductive-health behaviours between native and migrant populations helps provide good reproductive-health services. We investigate the differences in induced abortion rates, pregnancy histories and use of contraceptives between native and migrant populations in Finland.

Methods: The Finnish Register on Induced Abortions was linked with Population Register data from years 2001-2014 to identify first- and second-generation immigrants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818812640DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads

Maternal health-still a long way to go.

Authors:
Mats Målqvist

Scand J Public Health 2018 12;46(8):783-784

International Maternal and Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818814049DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Fathers' experiences during the first postnatal week at home after early discharge of mother and baby from the maternity unit: A meta-synthesis.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 14:1403494818809856. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.

Aim: The aim of this study was to explore and describe fathers' experiences during the first postnatal week after early discharge of mother and baby from the maternity unit.

Methods: A meta-synthesis.

Inclusion Criteria: peer-reviewed qualitative single studies of fathers' experiences during the first week after early discharge (defined as less than 72 hours postpartum) from hospital after the birth of a healthy singleton baby born between weeks 37 and 40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818809856DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

ASPHER's European List of Core Competences for the Public Health Professional.

Authors:

Scand J Public Health 2018 11;46(23_suppl):1-52

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818797072DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Adolescents need more sleep: Rethinking the preventive options of school environments.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 9:1403494818785788. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

Sleep problems in adolescence have both somatic and psychological consequences for health. Most adolescents spend a considerable amount of time in school, but there is little published research on how the school environment affects adolescent health and well-being. This commentary explores whether using a nap room in the middle of the school day can reduce perceived stress and fatigue in high school students and improve their sleep quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818785788DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Cohort study design for estimating the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccines in real time based on register data: The Finnish example.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 2:1403494818808635. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

1 Department of Public Health Solutions, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland.

This paper presents the principles of implementing register-based cohort studies as currently applied for real-time estimation of influenza vaccine effectiveness in Finland. All required information is retrieved from computerised national registers and deterministically linked via the unique personal identity code assigned to each Finnish resident. The study cohorts comprise large subpopulations eligible for a free seasonal influenza vaccination as part of the National Vaccination Programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818808635DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Social determinants of child trafficking addressed by government and non-government strategies in South and Southeast Asia: an integrative review.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 1:1403494818807816. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Public Health, University of Tennessee; Knoxville, TN, USA.

Aims: Child trafficking in South and Southeast Asia is widespread and deeply troubling. While several agencies have initiated anti-child-trafficking interventions, it is unknown whether they address the 21 social determinants of child trafficking identified by Perry and McEwing (2013). The aim of this integrative review was to explore the anti-child-trafficking strategies employed by governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that target the social determinants of child trafficking in South and Southeast Asia, and identify which levels of the socio-ecological model (SEM) they address. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818807816DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Invisible rights: Barriers and facilitators to access and use of interpreter services in health care settings by Polish migrants in Norway.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 22:1403494818807551. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

1 Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.

Aims: Polish migration to Norway is a relatively new phenomenon. Many Polish migrants do not speak Norwegian or have insufficient knowledge of the language, which makes it difficult or impossible to communicate with health personnel. The main aim of the study was to identify barriers and facilitators to Polish migrants' access and use of interpreter services in health care settings in Norway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818807551DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Educational inequalities in fracture-related mortality using multiple cause of death data in the Skåne region, Sweden.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 22:1403494818807831. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

1 Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Orthopaedics, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Sweden.

Aim: To assess the absolute and relative educational inequalities in mortality from hip and non-hip fractures in Skåne region, Sweden.

Methods: We conducted a population-based open cohort study. People aged 30-99 years, resident in the region during 1998-2013 ( n = 999, 148) were followed until death, their 100 birthday, relocation outside Skåne, or the end of 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818807831DOI Listing
October 2018
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Gender empowerment, inequalities and the prevalence of adult female obesity: An empirical analysis using new data, 1990-2013.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 21:1403494818807568. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

2 Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Norway.

Aims: Do gender inequality and gender discrimination explain female obesity? Discrimination denies access to choose and constrains agency.

Scope: Using the Global Burden of Disease data on overweight and obesity share of the adult female population for almost 160 countries over a 24-year period, we find that female empowerment has no effect on the population share that is overweight, but it reduces the obese share of women. The substantive impact is, however, slight and the results are not robust to testing a sample of only developing countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818807568DOI Listing
October 2018
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Smoking during pregnancy in Finland - Trends in the MATEX cohort.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 17:1403494818804417. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

2 National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Department of Public Health Solutions, Kuopio, Finland.

Aims: In Finland, smoking rates in the general population are decreasing due to increased awareness of the adverse effects and tightened tobacco legislation. However, previous studies have shown that smoking in pregnant Finnish women remained as high as in the general Finnish female population at around 15% in 2010. Our aim was to describe temporal and spatial trends in smoking behaviour, and determinants of changes in smoking behaviour between first and second pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818804417DOI Listing
October 2018
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Depressive symptoms and mental health-related quality of life in adolescence and young adulthood after early parental death.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 17:1403494818806371. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

1 From Survivorship, Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Aims: Little is known about long-term mental health in young adults who participate in ongoing grief counseling programs after early parental death in childhood, adolescence or young adulthood. The purpose of this study was to examine mental health in young adults according to early parental death and participation in grief counseling.

Methods: In a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study, we included three samples of young adults age 18-41 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818806371DOI Listing
October 2018
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Associations of partnering transition and socioeconomic status with a four-year change in daily steps among Finnish adults.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 17:1403494818807558. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

2 LIKES Research Centre for Physical Activity and Health, Jyväskylä, Finland.

Aim: The aim of this prospective four-year follow-up study was to examine how socioeconomic status (SES) and change in marital status are associated with the change in pedometer-measured physical activity (PA) in adulthood among participants in the 'Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study'.

Methods: Questionnaires were completed and pedometers worn at baseline in 2007 and again at follow-up in 2011 by 1051 Finnish adults (62.3% female, aged 30-45 years in 2007). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818807558DOI Listing
October 2018
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Precarious work and the risk of receiving a disability pension.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 10:1403494818804106. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland.

Aims: Precarious employment is an emerging determinant of occupational health, but its association with work-related disability remains little understood. We operationalised precarious work as a multidimensional construct and examined how the accumulation of precarious job features predicts the incidence of receiving a disability pension (DP).

Methods: The study comprised 13,228 employees aged 20-54 who had been interviewed for the Finnish Quality of Work Life Surveys in 1984, 1990, 1997, or 2003. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818804106DOI Listing
October 2018
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Socioeconomic inequalities in health during the Great Recession: A scoping review of the research literature.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 10:1403494818801637. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

4 Department of Occupational Therapy, Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.

Aims: The so-called 'Great Recession' in Europe triggered widespread concerns about population health, as reflected by an upsurge in empirical research on the health impacts of the economic crisis. A growing body of empirical studies has also been devoted to socioeconomic inequalities in health during the Great Recession. The aim of the current study is to summarise this health inequality literature by means of a scoping review. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494818801637
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818801637DOI Listing
October 2018
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Workplace inclusion of employees with back pain and mental health problems: A focus group study about employees' experiences.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 10:1403494818799611. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

4 Research Unit for General Practice, NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, Bergen, Norway.

Aim: To explore how employees experience workplace inclusion of their colleagues or themselves when having back pain or mental health problems.

Methods: Three focus group interviews with a sample of 16 kindergarten employees were conducted. Systematic Text Condensation was used for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818799611DOI Listing
October 2018
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