2,337 results match your criteria Scandinavian Journal of Public Health [Journal]


Role of employment-related inequalities in young adults' life satisfaction: A comparative study in five European welfare state regimes.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 25:1403494818823934. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

3 Department of Sociology 2, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Spain.

Aims: There is evidence that young people are less satisfied with their lives when they are unemployed or working in precarious conditions. This study aims to shed light on how the life satisfaction of unemployed and precariously employed young people varies across welfare states with different labour market policies and levels of social protection.

Methods: The analyses are based on representative cross-sectional survey data from five European countries (Denmark, the UK, Germany, Spain and the Czech Republic), corresponding to five different welfare state regimes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818823934DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Capital interplays and social inequalities in health.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 23:1403494818824436. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

2 University of Bern, Switzerland.

We explore the ramifications of applying Pierre Bourdieu's theory of capitals to epidemiological research on socioeconomic health inequalities. Capitals are resources used by individuals and groups to maintain and enhance their positions in the social order. The notion of capital interplay refers to the interconnectedness of multiple forms of capital in the production of good health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818824436DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Cyberbullying and traditional bullying among Nordic adolescents and their impact on life satisfaction.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 23:1403494818817411. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

8 University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cybervictimization in the six Nordic countries and to assess its overlap with traditional bullying. A further aim was to examine potential associations between life satisfaction, on the one hand, and traditional bullying and cyberbullying on the other.

Methods: Analyses were based on data from the 2013⁄2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818817411DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Illegal substance use among 1,309 music festival attendees: An investigation using oral fluid sample drug tests, breathalysers and questionnaires.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818821481. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

2 Department of Forensic Sciences, Oslo University Hospital, Norway.

Aims: Illegal substance use at music festivals is less documented than it is in nightlife and electronic dance music settings. This study investigated such use through questionnaires, breathalysers and oral fluid drug testing. We also examined the associations between testing positive for illegal substances and demographics, self-reported substance use and measured blood alcohol concentration levels. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494818821481
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818821481DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Mental illnesses are not an 'ideal type' of disability for disability income support: Perceptions of policymakers in Australia and Canada.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818816903. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

1 Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, Australia.

Aim: This article aims to explore how policymakers conceptualise a person suitable for disability income support (DIS) and how this compares across two settings - Australia and Canada.

Methods: A constructivist grounded theory approach was used; 45 policymakers in Australia and Canada were interviewed between March 2012 and September 2013. All policymakers are or were influential in the design or assessment of DIS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818816903DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Socioeconomic differences in swimming ability among children in Malmö, southern Sweden: Initial results from a community-level intervention.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818821478. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

5 Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.

Aims: To investigate to what extent socioeconomic differences in swimming abilities persist among children in the city of Malmö, Sweden, after a community-level swimming intervention programme in public primary schools.

Methods: A compulsory swimming education programme was launched in 2014 in second grade (at age 8) in all public primary schools in Malmö, Sweden. Data for the present study on sociodemographic conditions and self-reported swimming ability in fourth grade (age 10) were used for the last birth cohort unexposed ( n = 1695) and the first birth cohort exposed ( n = 1773) to the intervention. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494818821478
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818821478DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in northern Sweden: A decomposition analysis.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818812647. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Epidemiology and Global Health, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Aims: Increasing income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity have been reported in the relatively socially equal setting of northern Sweden. The present report seeks to contribute to the literature by exploring the contribution of different factors to the income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in northern Sweden.

Methods: This study was based on the 2014 Health on Equal Terms survey, distributed in the four northernmost counties of Sweden. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494818812647
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818812647DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A follow-up of the introduction of a maximum entitlement period for receiving sickness benefits in Sweden: A nationwide register-based study.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818818258. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

1 Division of Insurance Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

In 2008, Sweden introduced a policy change to limit the number of days for sickness benefits (SB). This study aimed to elucidate the characteristics of those who reached the maximum entitlement period for receiving sickness benefits (MEPSB) and their future main source of income.

Methods: All 5,309,759 individuals, aged 20-63 and residents of Sweden in 2009 were followed from July 2008 to July 2010 regarding SB-days and date of MEPSB and then categorised into three groups: I) no SB-days, II) ongoing SB-days, and III) MEPSB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818818258DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Autopsy rates in Iceland.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818820748. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.

A clinical as well as forensic autopsy is a uniform medical investigation of the deceased, which mainly serves to verify the plausibility of information on the cause, mode and mechanism of death provided by the police and/or medical personnel. Despite its importance in the context of a conclusive assessment of a person's medical history and in detecting any criminal correlation or malpractice, a significant decline in autopsies is evident in Iceland. This article gives an overview on autopsy rates in Iceland and compares the situation with European countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818820748DOI Listing
January 2019
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Educational level and living arrangements are associated with dietary intake of red meat and fruit/vegetables: A Danish cross-sectional study.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11:1403494818821482. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

1 Department of Cardiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark.

Aims: To evaluate the association between education and living arrangements and the intake of fish, red meat and fruit and vegetables.

Methods: The study design was cross-sectional and conducted in Denmark in 2013. Participants filled in questionnaires about their educational level and living arrangements (living alone or with others) and dietary intake including fish, red meat, fruit and vegetables. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494818821482
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818821482DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Achieving the SDGs through interdisciplinary research in global health.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:1403494818812637. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

3 Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University, Sweden.

The Swedish Global Health Research Conference held in Stockholm, 18-19 April 2018, convened researchers from across Sweden's universities to foster collaboration and new research. In response to the theme of the conference, How can Sweden contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals? From research to action, many of the plenary and keynote speakers highlighted the importance of interdisciplinary research and teaching. This commentary draws upon a workshop discussing interdisciplinarity, which took place at the conference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818812637DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Can a poor psychosocial work environment and insufficient organizational resources explain the higher risk of ill-health and sickness absence in human service occupations? Evidence from a Swedish national cohort.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:1403494818812638. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in burnout, self-rated health (SRH) and sickness absence between human service occupations (HSOs) and other occupations, and whether they can be attributed to differences in psychosocial work environment and organizational resources.

Methods: Data were derived from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health, an approximately representative sample of the Swedish working population ( n = 4408). Employment in HSOs, psychosocial work environment and organizational resources in 2012 predicted relative risks of sickness absence, burnout and suboptimal SRH in 2014 using modified Poisson regressions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818812638DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

School-level changes in factors related to oral health inequalities after national recommendation on sweet selling.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:1403494818812641. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 Department of Community Dentistry, University of Turku, Finland.

Aims: In 2007, Finnish authorities gave a national recommendation that schools should not sell sweet products. This study aimed to determine the effects of the national recommendation on school-level intermediary determinants (factors related to oral health inequalities) and if the changes were different according to school-level socio-economic position (SEP).

Methods: This ecological and longitudinal study combined school-level data from two independent studies from Finnish upper comprehensive schools ( N = 970): the School Health Promotion study (SHPS) and the School Sweet Selling survey (SSSS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818812641DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Induced abortions by woman's country of origin in Finland 2001-2014.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:1403494818812640. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

5 Department of Social Statistics and Demography, University of Southampton, UK.

Aims: Understanding the differences in reproductive-health behaviours between native and migrant populations helps provide good reproductive-health services. We investigate the differences in induced abortion rates, pregnancy histories and use of contraceptives between native and migrant populations in Finland.

Methods: The Finnish Register on Induced Abortions was linked with Population Register data from years 2001-2014 to identify first- and second-generation immigrants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818812640DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Maternal health-still a long way to go.

Authors:
Mats Målqvist

Scand J Public Health 2018 12;46(8):783-784

International Maternal and Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818814049DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Fathers' experiences during the first postnatal week at home after early discharge of mother and baby from the maternity unit: A meta-synthesis.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 14:1403494818809856. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.

Aim: The aim of this study was to explore and describe fathers' experiences during the first postnatal week after early discharge of mother and baby from the maternity unit.

Methods: A meta-synthesis.

Inclusion Criteria: peer-reviewed qualitative single studies of fathers' experiences during the first week after early discharge (defined as less than 72 hours postpartum) from hospital after the birth of a healthy singleton baby born between weeks 37 and 40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818809856DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

ASPHER's European List of Core Competences for the Public Health Professional.

Authors:

Scand J Public Health 2018 11;46(23_suppl):1-52

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818797072DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Adolescents need more sleep: Rethinking the preventive options of school environments.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 9:1403494818785788. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

Sleep problems in adolescence have both somatic and psychological consequences for health. Most adolescents spend a considerable amount of time in school, but there is little published research on how the school environment affects adolescent health and well-being. This commentary explores whether using a nap room in the middle of the school day can reduce perceived stress and fatigue in high school students and improve their sleep quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818785788DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Cohort study design for estimating the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccines in real time based on register data: The Finnish example.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 2:1403494818808635. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

1 Department of Public Health Solutions, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland.

This paper presents the principles of implementing register-based cohort studies as currently applied for real-time estimation of influenza vaccine effectiveness in Finland. All required information is retrieved from computerised national registers and deterministically linked via the unique personal identity code assigned to each Finnish resident. The study cohorts comprise large subpopulations eligible for a free seasonal influenza vaccination as part of the National Vaccination Programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818808635DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Social determinants of child trafficking addressed by government and non-government strategies in South and Southeast Asia: an integrative review.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Nov 1:1403494818807816. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Public Health, University of Tennessee; Knoxville, TN, USA.

Aims: Child trafficking in South and Southeast Asia is widespread and deeply troubling. While several agencies have initiated anti-child-trafficking interventions, it is unknown whether they address the 21 social determinants of child trafficking identified by Perry and McEwing (2013). The aim of this integrative review was to explore the anti-child-trafficking strategies employed by governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that target the social determinants of child trafficking in South and Southeast Asia, and identify which levels of the socio-ecological model (SEM) they address. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818807816DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Invisible rights: Barriers and facilitators to access and use of interpreter services in health care settings by Polish migrants in Norway.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 22:1403494818807551. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

1 Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.

Aims: Polish migration to Norway is a relatively new phenomenon. Many Polish migrants do not speak Norwegian or have insufficient knowledge of the language, which makes it difficult or impossible to communicate with health personnel. The main aim of the study was to identify barriers and facilitators to Polish migrants' access and use of interpreter services in health care settings in Norway. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494818807551
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818807551DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Educational inequalities in fracture-related mortality using multiple cause of death data in the Skåne region, Sweden.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 22:1403494818807831. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

1 Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Orthopaedics, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Sweden.

Aim: To assess the absolute and relative educational inequalities in mortality from hip and non-hip fractures in Skåne region, Sweden.

Methods: We conducted a population-based open cohort study. People aged 30-99 years, resident in the region during 1998-2013 ( n = 999, 148) were followed until death, their 100 birthday, relocation outside Skåne, or the end of 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818807831DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Gender empowerment, inequalities and the prevalence of adult female obesity: An empirical analysis using new data, 1990-2013.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 21:1403494818807568. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

2 Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Norway.

Aims: Do gender inequality and gender discrimination explain female obesity? Discrimination denies access to choose and constrains agency.

Scope: Using the Global Burden of Disease data on overweight and obesity share of the adult female population for almost 160 countries over a 24-year period, we find that female empowerment has no effect on the population share that is overweight, but it reduces the obese share of women. The substantive impact is, however, slight and the results are not robust to testing a sample of only developing countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818807568DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Smoking during pregnancy in Finland - Trends in the MATEX cohort.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 17:1403494818804417. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

2 National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Department of Public Health Solutions, Kuopio, Finland.

Aims: In Finland, smoking rates in the general population are decreasing due to increased awareness of the adverse effects and tightened tobacco legislation. However, previous studies have shown that smoking in pregnant Finnish women remained as high as in the general Finnish female population at around 15% in 2010. Our aim was to describe temporal and spatial trends in smoking behaviour, and determinants of changes in smoking behaviour between first and second pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818804417DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Depressive symptoms and mental health-related quality of life in adolescence and young adulthood after early parental death.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 17:1403494818806371. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

1 From Survivorship, Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Aims: Little is known about long-term mental health in young adults who participate in ongoing grief counseling programs after early parental death in childhood, adolescence or young adulthood. The purpose of this study was to examine mental health in young adults according to early parental death and participation in grief counseling.

Methods: In a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study, we included three samples of young adults age 18-41 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818806371DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Associations of partnering transition and socioeconomic status with a four-year change in daily steps among Finnish adults.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 17:1403494818807558. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

2 LIKES Research Centre for Physical Activity and Health, Jyväskylä, Finland.

Aim: The aim of this prospective four-year follow-up study was to examine how socioeconomic status (SES) and change in marital status are associated with the change in pedometer-measured physical activity (PA) in adulthood among participants in the 'Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study'.

Methods: Questionnaires were completed and pedometers worn at baseline in 2007 and again at follow-up in 2011 by 1051 Finnish adults (62.3% female, aged 30-45 years in 2007). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818807558DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Precarious work and the risk of receiving a disability pension.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 10:1403494818804106. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland.

Aims: Precarious employment is an emerging determinant of occupational health, but its association with work-related disability remains little understood. We operationalised precarious work as a multidimensional construct and examined how the accumulation of precarious job features predicts the incidence of receiving a disability pension (DP).

Methods: The study comprised 13,228 employees aged 20-54 who had been interviewed for the Finnish Quality of Work Life Surveys in 1984, 1990, 1997, or 2003. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818804106DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Socioeconomic inequalities in health during the Great Recession: A scoping review of the research literature.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 10:1403494818801637. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

4 Department of Occupational Therapy, Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.

Aims: The so-called 'Great Recession' in Europe triggered widespread concerns about population health, as reflected by an upsurge in empirical research on the health impacts of the economic crisis. A growing body of empirical studies has also been devoted to socioeconomic inequalities in health during the Great Recession. The aim of the current study is to summarise this health inequality literature by means of a scoping review. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494818801637
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818801637DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Workplace inclusion of employees with back pain and mental health problems: A focus group study about employees' experiences.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 10:1403494818799611. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

4 Research Unit for General Practice, NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, Bergen, Norway.

Aim: To explore how employees experience workplace inclusion of their colleagues or themselves when having back pain or mental health problems.

Methods: Three focus group interviews with a sample of 16 kindergarten employees were conducted. Systematic Text Condensation was used for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818799611DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

The role of social embeddedness for remaining in non-desired workplaces and mental health consequences: Results from Scania Public Health Cohort.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 10:1403494818804090. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

2 Social Medicine and Global Health, Lund University, Sweden.

Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of social embeddedness on and off the job in relation to remaining in non-desired workplaces (NDWs) and the development of mental health.

Method: The study used questionnaire data from the Scania Public Health cohort ( N=2410) that were collected in 2000 (T1), 2005 (T2) and 2010 (T3). Logistic regression models were calculated to probe how NDWs and social embeddedness factors measured at baseline (T1) related to NDWs five years later (T2), and to investigate how NDWs and social embeddedness factors at T2 related to poor mental health at T3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818804090DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Changes in Smoking During Retirement Transition: A Longitudinal Cohort Study.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Oct 10:1403494818804408. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

1 Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Aims: We examined the effect of retirement transition on changes in smoking, identified trajectories of smoking around the retirement transition, and investigated factors predicting the membership in the trajectories.

Methods: This longitudinal cohort study included 1,432 current or former smokers who entered into statutory retirement in 2000-2011 and who filled out two to four questionnaires sent at four-year intervals. Effect of retirement on smoking was analysed as a non-randomized pseudo-trial in which we compared the likelihood of quitting and relapsing smoking between two subsequent survey waves among those who retired and did not retire. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Weight change among normal weight, overweight and obese employees and subsequent diagnosis-specific sickness absence: A register-linked follow-up study.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Sep 29:1403494818802990. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

1 Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Aims: Obesity and weight change are associated with sickness absence; however, less is known about the diagnoses for sickness absence. We examined the association between stable and changing weight by body mass index groups with sickness absence due to any, musculoskeletal and mental diagnoses among midlife female and male employees.

Methods: The Finnish Helsinki Health Study phase 1 survey took place in 2000-2002 (response rate 67%) and phase 2 in 2007 (response rate 83%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818802990DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Physical function tests predict incident falls: A prospective study of 2969 men in the Swedish Osteoporotic Fractures in Men study.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Sep 29:1403494818801628. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

1 Clinical and Molecular Osteoporosis Research Unit, Department of Orthopedics and Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Sweden.

Aims: Falls are common in the elderly population, and fall-related injuries are a major health issue. We investigated the ability of simple physical tests to predict incident falls.

Methods: The Swedish Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study includes 3014 population-based men aged 69-81 years at the start of the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818801628DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Completeness and correctness of acute myocardial infarction diagnoses in a medical quality register and an administrative health register.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Sep 29:1403494818803256. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

2 Department of Medical Quality Registers, St Olavs hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Norway.

Aims: Health registers are used for administrative purposes, disease surveillance, quality assessment, and research. The value of the registers is entirely dependent on the quality of their data. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the completeness and correctness of the acute myocardial infarction (AMI) diagnosis in the Norwegian Myocardial Infarction Register and in the Norwegian Patient Register. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818803256DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Heat wave-related mortality in Sweden: A case-crossover study investigating effect modification by neighbourhood deprivation.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Sep 26:1403494818801615. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

1 Center for Primary Health Care Research, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Lund University, Lund.

Aims: The present study aimed to investigate if set thresholds in the Swedish heat-wave warning system are valid for all parts of Sweden and if the heat-wave warning system captures a potential increase in all-cause mortality and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. An additional aim was to investigate whether neighbourhood deprivation modifies the relationship between heat waves and mortality.

Methods: From 1990 until 2014, in 14 municipalities in Sweden, we collected data on daily maximum temperatures and mortality for the five warmest months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818801615DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Patterns of complementary and alternative medicine use among Arab immigrants in Denmark: A qualitative study.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Sep 26:1403494818799597. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

3 Center for Healthy Aging, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Aims: The aim of this study was to explore patterns of complementary and alternative medicine use among Arab immigrants in Denmark, in order to increase insight into the hidden practices of this ethnic group.

Methods: In this study, 21 Arab immigrants in Denmark were interviewed in Arabic. A purposive strategic sample was recruited from mosques, a healthcare center and by snowballing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818799597DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Quality of life and service use amongst parents of young children: Results from the Children and Parents in Focus trial.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Sep 26:1403494818801640. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QoL) and service use of parents who have preschool-aged children, and whether the mental-health problems of parents and their children predict these outcomes.

Methods: Cross-sectional data were gathered in 2015-2016 in Uppsala County in Sweden where 3164 parents of children aged three- to five-years-old were asked to self-report their own and their children's mental-health status and service use in the past 12 months. Data from the General Health Questionnaire were used to derive health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures for adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818801640DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Psychosocial job demand and control: multi-site musculoskeletal pain in Swedish police.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Sep 26:1403494818801507. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

3 ADULT research group, Department of Natural Science and Biomedicine, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Sweden.

Aims: Police have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders. While physical factors contributing to this have been explored, little is known regarding the contribution of the psychosocial work environment. This study explores the association between elements of the JDC model, social support and multi-site musculoskeletal pain among Swedish police. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818801507DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Evaluation of the smoking intervention X:IT after the second year: A randomized controlled trial.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Sep 17:1403494818799837. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Aims: Review studies on the long-term effects of school-based smoking interventions show mixed results. X:IT was a three-year cluster randomized controlled trial to prevent uptake of smoking among Danish students from age 13 years until age 15 years which previously proved effective in preventing smoking after the first year of intervention. The aim of this paper was to conduct the pre-planned analyses of the effects of the X:IT intervention on smoking after the second year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818799837DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads

Lolland-Falster Health Study: Study protocol for a household-based prospective cohort study.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Sep 17:1403494818799613. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

2 Production, Research and Innovation, Region Zealand, Sorø, Denmark.

Introduction: Lolland-Falster consists of two islands in the southern part of Denmark where income is lower and life expectancy is shorter than in the general Danish population. It is a mixed rural-provincial area with approximately 100,000 inhabitants. The Lolland-Falster Health Study was initiated to gain knowledge on the determinants of health in this disadvantaged area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818799613DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Estimates of prediabetes and undiagnosed type 2 diabetes in Denmark: The end of an epidemic or a diagnostic artefact?

Scand J Public Health 2018 Sep 17:1403494818799606. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

1 Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Gentofte, Denmark.

Background: Up-to-date information on undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and prediabetes based on current diagnostic criteria is lacking. The study aimed to model the total numbers of people with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in Denmark based on existing population-based surveys.

Methods: Two population-based Danish studies with information on HbA, date of examination, gender, age and known type 2 diabetes were identified: the Danish General Suburban Population Study, n = 21,205, and the Danish Health Examination Survey, n = 18,065. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818799606DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Morbid obesity in the UK: A modelling projection study to 2035.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Aug 30:1403494818794814. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

2 Public Health Modelling, UK Health Forum, London, UK.

Background: Morbid obesity (body mass index ⩾40 kg/m) carries a higher risk of non-communicable disease and is associated with more complex health issues and challenges than obesity body mass index ≥30kg/m2 and <40kg/m2, resulting in much higher financial implications for health systems. Although obesity trends have previously been projected to 2035, these projections do not separate morbid obesity from obesity. This study therefore complements these projections and looks at the prevalence and development of morbid obesity in the UK. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818794814DOI Listing
August 2018
16 Reads

Trends in educational and income inequalities in cardiovascular morbidity in middle age in Northern Sweden 1993-2010.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Aug 16:1403494818790406. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Epidemiology and Global Health, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Aims: Research is scarce regarding studies on income and educational inequality trends in cardiovascular disease in Sweden. The aim of this study was to assess trends in educational and income inequalities in first hospitalizations due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) from 1993 to 2010 among middle-aged women and men in Northern Sweden.

Methods: The study comprised repeated cross-sectional register data from year 1993-2010 of all individuals aged 38-62 years enrolled in the Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818790406DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

The social and psychological health outcomes of team sport participation in adults: An integrative review of research.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Aug 16:1403494818791405. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

3 Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen N, Denmark.

Aim: The aim of this article was to review the international scientific research literature about the social and psychological health outcomes associated with participation in team sport and to synthesise the key issues about team sport as a health-promoting activity.

Methods: The methodological framework guiding the review process is the integrative research review. A search of 10 key electronic databases was conducted to identify both quantitative and qualitative studies addressing the social and/or psychological health outcomes from participation in a team sport. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818791405DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

A scoping review of research to assess the frequency, types, and reasons for end-of-life care setting transitions.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Aug 13:1403494818785042. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

3 Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, McMaster University, Canada.

Aims: Most people approaching the end of life develop care needs, which typically change over time. Moves between care settings may be required as health deteriorates. However, in some cases, care setting transitions may have little to do with end-of-life care needs and instead reflect the needs, demands, availability, or funding provisions of the country or funding body and organizations providing care. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494818785042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818785042DOI Listing
August 2018
15 Reads

Area-level relative deprivation and alcohol use in Denmark: Is there a relationship?

Scand J Public Health 2018 Aug 11:1403494818787101. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

2 Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

Aims: Greater area-level relative deprivation has been related to poorer health behaviours, but studies specifically on alcohol use and abuse have been equivocal. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate how area-level relative deprivation in Denmark relates to alcohol use and misuse in the country.

Methods: As individual-level data, we used the national alcohol and drug survey of 2011 ( n= 5133). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818787101DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

Educational inequalities in midlife risk factors for non-communicable diseases in two Norwegian counties 1974-2002.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Aug 6:1403494818789325. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

1 Division of Mental and Physical Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Background: The absolute educational differences in the mortality of Norwegian women and men increased during 1960-2000 and thereafter levelled off in men, but continued to widen in women. Which of the risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) might explain these trends?

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate trends in gender-specific, absolute educational differences in established risk factors during 1974-2002.

Methods: We used cross-sectional data from 40-45-year-old women and men who participated in one of three health surveys in two counties, from the years 1974-1978, 1985-1988 and 2001-2002. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818789325DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

The Norwegian Healthy Life Centre Study: A pragmatic RCT of physical activity in primary care.

Scand J Public Health 2019 Feb 3;47(1):18-27. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

1 Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Norway.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of behaviour change interventions at Norwegian Healthy Life Centres (HLCs) on participants' moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) six months after baseline. We also explore predictors of change in MVPA, and if level of education and MVPA at baseline modify the effect.

Methods: A randomised controlled trial with inclusion criteria age ⩾ 18 years and ability to participate in group-based physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818785260DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Achievement and participation in schools for young adolescents with self-reported neuropsychiatric disabilities: A cross-sectional study from the southern part of Sweden.

Scand J Public Health 2018 Aug 2:1403494818788415. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

2 School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.

Background: Schools are expected to be an environment where children can reach their fullest potential and develop their talents, personality, as well as their mental and physical abilities. Children with disabilities often have restricted participation and lower achievement in school. The aim is to investigate if there are any differences in participation and achievement in school between adolescents, with and without self-reported neuropsychiatric disabilities, and to explore the relations between achievement and participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494818788415DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads