6,719 results match your criteria Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases[Journal]


Editorial--an introduction to the new Infectious Diseases.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec;46(12):817

Editor of the Infectious Diseases, formerly Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.983319DOI Listing
December 2014
2 Reads

Delayed HIV diagnosis common in Sweden, 2003-2010.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 7;46(12):862-7. Epub 2014 Oct 7.

From the 1 Department for Monitoring and Evaluation, Public Health Agency of Sweden , Solna , Sweden *

Background: Early diagnosis of HIV is important for the prognosis of individual patients, because antiretroviral treatment can be started at the appropriate time, and for public health, because transmission can be prevented.

Methods: Data were collected from 767 HIV patients who were diagnosed in Sweden during 2003-2010 and were infected in Sweden or born in Sweden and infected abroad. A recent infection testing algorithm (RITA) was applied to BED-EIA test results (OD-n < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.953575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4266095PMC
December 2014
2 Reads

Tuberculosis outbreak in an immigrant reception center in Israel: a clinical and epidemiologic perspective.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 7;46(12):906-10. Epub 2014 Oct 7.

Nazareth Tuberculosis Clinic, Nazareth Hospital, Nazareth, Faculty of Medicine in Galilee Bar-Ilan University.

Tuberculosis (TB) outbreaks in congregate settings pose a public health concern and a clinical challenge. We report a TB outbreak involving 6 cases of active TB among 28 recent Ethiopian immigrants (EIs) in an immigrant reception center in Israel. The outbreak erupted several weeks after a meticulous pre-immigration TB screening of this group. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365548.2014.95
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.951684DOI Listing
December 2014
5 Reads

Septic internal jugular vein thrombosis caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum and mediated by a broken needle.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 7;46(12):911-5. Epub 2014 Oct 7.

From the Department of Surgery, General Hospital of Chalkis , Chalkis , Greece.

The injection of drugs into the neck is unusual and thrombosis of the internal jugular vein can be a rare clinical presentation with a high risk for severe complications. We report a case of a 31-year-old male intravenous drug user presenting with fever, shortness of breath and right neck oedema. Laboratory studies revealed elevated inflammation parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.952247DOI Listing
December 2014
7 Reads

Enterococcus--virulence and susceptibility to photodynamic therapy of clinical isolates from Lower Silesia, Poland.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 7;46(12):846-53. Epub 2014 Oct 7.

Department of Microbiology, Wrocław Medical University , Wrocław , Poland.

Background: A collection of 400 enterococcal isolates from clinical samples of hospitalized patients were studied for their virulence traits according to the isolation site. Formation of biofilm and production of DNase, hemolysin, lipase, and gelatinase were characterized. Biofilms of selected strains were examined for their susceptibility to antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.952244DOI Listing
December 2014
12 Reads

Blood culture-positive infections in patients with alcoholic hepatitis.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 7;46(12):902-5. Epub 2014 Oct 7.

Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Aarhus University Hospital , Aarhus , Denmark.

Acute alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is a life-threatening disease and its course is often determined by infections. However, the pattern of pathogens has not been studied. We examined the microbiological pathogens that caused blood-borne infection in patients with AH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.951682DOI Listing
December 2014
23 Reads

Sputum bacteriology and antibiotic sensitivity patterns of community-acquired pneumonia in hospitalized adult patients in Nigeria: a 5-year multicentre retrospective study.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 7;46(12):875-87. Epub 2014 Oct 7.

From the Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus , Nigeria.

Background: A clear knowledge of the pathogens responsible for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in a given region and their antibiotic sensitivity patterns is necessary for optimal treatment. We determined the common bacterial pathogens causing CAP in Nigeria and further reviewed their antibiotic senstivity patterns with a view to providing recommendations to improve antibiotic management of CAP.

Methods: Case notes of all adult patients who were 18 years or more admitted to four major tertiary hospitals in South East Nigeria with a diagnosis of CAP between 2008 and 2012 were retrospectively studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.954263DOI Listing
December 2014
11 Reads
1.640 Impact Factor

Positive tip culture with Candida and negative blood culture: to treat or not to treat? A systematic review with meta-analysis.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 7;46(12):854-61. Epub 2014 Oct 7.

From the Division of Infectious Diseases, Universidade Federal do Parana , Curitiba, PR , Brazil.

Background: Invasive candidiasis is a major invasive fungal infection. It has high lethality, and even higher if not treated early. There is no consensus on antifungal treatment in patients with positive catheter tip culture for Candida spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.952246DOI Listing
December 2014
9 Reads

Comparison of the FilmArray assay and in-house real-time PCR for detection of respiratory infection.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 7;46(12):897-901. Epub 2014 Oct 7.

Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.

Recently, molecular methods capable of detecting almost all microbial agents that may cause acute respiratory infection have been introduced. The FilmArray Respiratory Panel assay, which integrates nucleic acid extraction, nested amplification and detection in a reaction pouch preloaded with all reagents required for detection of 17 viruses and 3 bacteria, was compared with an in-house real-time PCR that detects these agents in 8 parallel amplifications. When 128 clinical samples representing 18 of these agents were analysed by both assays the agreement was excellent, with kappa values ranging between 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.951681DOI Listing
December 2014
8 Reads

Antibiotic consumption in relation to socio-demographic factors, co-morbidity, and accessibility of primary health care.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 30;46(12):888-96. Epub 2014 Sep 30.

From the Public Health Agency of Sweden.

Background: Differences in antibiotic consumption between individuals are not only due to differences in primary infection morbidity, other non-medical factors are important. Our objective was to investigate how socio-demographic factors, co-morbidity, and access to primary care affect antibiotic prescribing.

Methods: The study population included all 2 078 481 persons in Sweden who received at least one antibiotic prescription during 2010, and an unmatched control population of 788 580 individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.954264DOI Listing
December 2014
26 Reads

Clinical comparison of ertapenem and cefepime for treatment of infections caused by AmpC beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 29;46(11):803-8. Epub 2014 Sep 29.

Department of Pharmacy Services Hartford Hospital , Hartford, CT , USA.

There are no comparative data evaluating outcomes of ertapenem treatment for infections with AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae. This retrospective matched case-control study was conducted between 2009 and 2012. Sixteen cases treated with ertapenem were matched 1:2 with 32 control cases treated with cefepime based on age, culture source, and hospital service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.954262DOI Listing
November 2014
10 Reads

Comparison of liver fibrosis progression in HIV/HCV co-infected and HCV mono-infected patients by transient elastometry.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 22;46(11):797-802. Epub 2014 Sep 22.

From the Clinica di Malattie Infettive, Università Politecnica delle Marche , Ancona , Italy.

Monitoring of liver fibrosis (LF) is an essential tool for preventing liver-related complications in HIV/HCV co-infected patients. In this study, we compared LF progression by transient elastometry (TE) in 50 HIV/HCV co-infected and 115 HCV mono-infected patients followed in our institution between June 2006 and December 2011. Patients naive to interferon therapy and with at least two measurements of liver stiffness by TE were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.952245DOI Listing
November 2014
10 Reads

First report of isolation of Mycobacterium canariasense from hospital water supplies.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 22;46(11):792-6. Epub 2014 Sep 22.

From the Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.

Mycobacterium canariasense was first isolated as a novel species in 2004 from clinical specimens in Spain. Since then there have only been a few additional reports from Spain, the USA, and Lebanon on the isolation of this rare species from clinical specimens. We herein present the first report on isolation of this organism from hospital water, which provides evidence for determining the natural habitat of this rare species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.951683DOI Listing
November 2014
13 Reads
1 Citation
1.640 Impact Factor

Alternative diagnosis in the putative ventilator-associated pneumonia patient not meeting lavage-based diagnostic criteria.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 19;46(12):868-74. Epub 2014 Sep 19.

From the Department of Intensive Care, Maastricht University Medical Centre+ , Maastricht , The Netherlands.

Background: The clinical picture of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) can be mimicked by other infectious and non-infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the alternative diagnoses and to develop a diagnostic flow chart for patients suspected of having VAP not meeting the diagnostic broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) criteria.

Methods: Adult intensive care patients with a clinical suspicion of VAP and negative BAL results were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.953576DOI Listing
December 2014
9 Reads

Efficacy and safety of switching to raltegravir plus atazanavir dual therapy in pretreated HIV-1-infected patients over 144 weeks: a cohort study.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 17;46(12):838-45. Epub 2014 Sep 17.

From the Le Trait d'Union, Centre de Soins de l'Infection par le VIH, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg , Strasbourg , France.

Background: To decrease drug burden among HIV-1-positive adults, we need a new gold standard for antiretroviral therapy maintenance strategies.

Methods: This retrospective study aimed to assess efficacy in maintenance strategy of atazanavir (ATV) and raltegravir (RAL) dual therapy. The proportion of patients with HIV-1 RNA < 40 copies/ml at specific time points was recorded. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365548.2014.94
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.947318DOI Listing
December 2014
8 Reads

The decline of the impetigo epidemic caused by the epidemic European fusidic acid-resistant impetigo clone: an 11.5-year population-based incidence study from a community in Western Norway.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 17;46(12):832-7. Epub 2014 Sep 17.

From the Municipal Health Services of Austevoll , Bekkjarvik.

Background: From around the year 2000, Northern Europe experienced a rise in impetigo caused by Staphylococcus aureus resistant to fusidic acid. A single clone of S. aureus was found to be the bacterial pathogen involved in the impetigo outbreak in Norway, Sweden, the UK and Ireland, termed 'the epidemic European fusidic acid-resistant impetigo clone' (EEFIC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.947317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4266085PMC
December 2014
9 Reads

Diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection before initiation of anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy using both tuberculin skin test and QuantiFERON-TB Gold In Tube assay.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 8;46(11):763-9. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center , Seoul , South Korea.

Background: Reactivation of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is an important complication in patients treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) blocking agents. However, the best method for LTBI detection before initiation of anti-TNF therapy remains to be determined.

Methods: From January 2010 to August 2013, anti-TNF therapy was initiated in 426 patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs). Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365548.2014.93
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.938691DOI Listing
November 2014
12 Reads

Procalcitonin levels in community-acquired pneumonia - correlation with aetiology and severity.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 8;46(11):787-91. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medicine, Solna, Infectious Diseases Unit, Karolinska University Hospital , Stockholm.

We studied procalcitonin (PCT) levels at hospital admittance and their association with aetiology and severity in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Median PCT concentrations were higher in bacteraemic patients than in those without bacteraemia (6.11 μg/L vs 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.945955DOI Listing
November 2014
2 Reads

Elevated levels of circulating histones indicate disease activity in patients with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD).

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 8;46(12):818-24. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

From the 1 Department of Integrated TCM and Western Medicine, Beijing Youan Hospital affiliated with Capital Medical University , Beijing.

Background: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease in children, characterized by acute viral infection accompanying acute inflammatory responses. Circulating histones are leading mediators of the inflammatory processes. This study aimed to elucidate whether circulating histones play a contributory role during HFMD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.943285DOI Listing
December 2014
48 Reads

Performance of the Simplexa™ Flu A/B & RSV Direct Kit on respiratory samples collected in saline solution.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Dec 8;46(12):825-31. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

From the Department of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska University Hospital , Stockholm , Sweden.

Background: Molecular assays for diagnosis of influenza A, influenza B, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) with short turnaround time are of considerable clinical importance. We have evaluated the diagnostic performance of the Simplexa(™) Flu A/B & RSV Direct Kit, which has a run time of 60 min, using different types of respiratory samples collected from patients with a suspected respiratory tract infection, including materials not previously evaluated on this kit.

Methods: In total, 210 clinical respiratory samples were analyzed using both the Simplexa direct assay and a laboratory-developed assay (LDA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.946444DOI Listing
December 2014
9 Reads

Risk factors, outcome and impact of empirical antimicrobial treatment in extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli bacteraemia.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 8;46(11):753-62. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

From the Faculty of Medicine, Lund University , Malmö , Sweden.

Background: To investigate patient characteristics and empirical antimicrobial treatment of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) bacteraemia, to determine risk factors, outcome and impact of empirical antimicrobial treatment.

Methods: We performed a retrospective case-control study of all patients diagnosed with ESBL-EC from January 2011 to September 2012. The control group consisted of patients with non-ESBL E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.937454DOI Listing
November 2014
24 Reads

Procalcitonin better than C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and white blood cell count in predicting DNAemia in patients with sepsis.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 8;46(11):745-52. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

From the Microbiology Section, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital , Perugia , Italy.

Background: Procalcitonin (PCT) levels can be used to predict bacteremia and DNAemia in patients with sepsis. In this study, the diagnostic accuracy of PCT in predicting blood culture (BC) results and DNAemia, as detected by real-time PCR (RT-PCR), was compared with that of other markers of inflammation commonly evaluated in patients with suspected sepsis, such as C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and white blood cell (WBC) count.

Methods: A total of 571 patients for whom BC, blood RT-PCR, PCT, CRP, ESR, and WBC count were requested for laboratory diagnosis of sepsis were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.936493DOI Listing
November 2014
66 Reads
1.640 Impact Factor

High-risk human papillomavirus in Galicia, Spain: prevalence and evaluation of the sample representativeness.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 5;46(11):737-44. Epub 2014 Sep 5.

From the Department of Microbiology, Complejo Hospitalario de Pontevedra , Spain.

Background: The prevalence of high-risk genotypes of the human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) in Galicia remained unknown before the introduction of the HPV vaccine. The objective of this study was to estimate this prevalence in non-vaccinated women when vaccination against HR-HPV started. Sample representativeness was also evaluated. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365548.2014.93
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.930966DOI Listing
November 2014
15 Reads

Testing for hepatitis B virus and HIV in patients with chronic hepatitis C: screening performance and outcome.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 19;46(10):686-92. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

From the Department of Infectious Diseases, Aarhus University Hospital.

Background: Patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and co-infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at increased risk for progression of liver disease. The aim of this study was to assess HBV and HIV screening performance and outcome in HCV patients followed at a Danish university hospital and affiliated regional outpatient clinics.

Methods: HBV and HIV serology data were extracted from a quality assurance database for the assessment of screening performance in patients diagnosed with chronic HCV infection during the period 1 January 1996 to 31 December 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.929734DOI Listing
October 2014
4 Reads

Acute fulminant hepatitis E virus genotype 3e infection: description of the first case in Europe.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 19;46(10):727-31. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

From the Digestive and Liver Disease Unit, School of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome , Sant'Andrea Hospital.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the most important causative agent of acute hepatitis in developing countries. The disease is usually characterized by a self-limiting, benign course. However, when particular conditions coexist (pregnancy, old age, pre-existing liver disease) it may run an unfavourable course. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.928417DOI Listing
October 2014
9 Reads

Mycobacterium abscessus: a rare cause of vascular graft infection.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 19;46(11):813-6. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

From the Internal Medicine Department and Infectious Diseases, Texas Tech University Health Science Center , Odessa, TX.

Prosthetic vascular graft infection (PVGI) following vascular reconstructive surgery is an uncommon but serious complication and is associated with high morbidity as well as mortality rate. Staphylococcal species are the most common organisms causing PVGI. Mycobacterium abscessus is a very rare cause of PVGI and poses a significant diagnostic and management dilemma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.943284DOI Listing
November 2014
5 Reads

Misdiagnosed amoebiasis leading to liver abscess.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 19;46(10):735-6. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

From the Department of Tropical and Parasitic Diseases.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.931598DOI Listing
October 2014
6 Reads

Cluster of linezolid-resistant Enterococcus faecium ST117 in Norwegian hospitals.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 19;46(10):712-5. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

From the Reference Centre for Detection of Antimicrobial Resistance, Department of Microbiology and Infection Control, University Hospital of North-Norway , Tromsø

A linezolid-resistant, vancomycin-susceptible Enterococcus faecium strain was isolated from 3 patients who had not received linezolid. The first patient was hospitalized in the same hospitals and wards as the 2 following patients. The E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.923107DOI Listing
October 2014
4 Reads

Usefulness of PCR-RFLP coa gene for clonal classification of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in tertiary hospitals.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 19;46(10):719-22. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

From the Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa , Zaragoza.

One hundred and one methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clinical isolates were classified into 10 genotypes based on their polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) coa pattern. PCR-RFLP coa patterns correlated with the clonal complex (CC) with the exception of CC5, which was related to 2 patterns (B and E). The PCR-RFLP coa gene technique provides a useful preliminary method to monitor variations in MRSA populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.929735DOI Listing
October 2014
6 Reads

Clinical presentations and outcomes of influenza infection among hematology/oncology patients from a single cancer center: pandemic and post-pandemic seasons.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 19;46(11):770-8. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

From the Department of Medicine, King Hussein Cancer Center , Amman , Jordan.

Background: Influenza can cause severe infection in hematology/oncology patients. The occurrence of the 2009 pandemic represented an opportunity to study the impact of influenza on such patients in pandemic and post-pandemic seasons.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of hematology/oncology patients who had laboratory-confirmed influenza infection during the 2009 pandemic and the first post-pandemic seasons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.943282DOI Listing
November 2014
16 Reads

High vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration is associated with poor outcome in patients with methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia regardless of treatment.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 19;46(11):783-6. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

From the Unidad de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha , Ciudad Real , Spain.

We retrospectively investigated the impact of high vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC > 2 μg/ml) on the outcome of 53 patients with bacteremia caused by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). Vancomycin MIC was determined by broth microdilution according to CLSI methods. The primary outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality from the date of the first positive blood culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.931596DOI Listing
November 2014
4 Reads

Impact of hepcidin antimicrobial peptide on iron overload in tuberculosis patients.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 19;46(10):693-6. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

Infectious Diseases Research Center and Laboratory Science Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences , Gorgan , Iran.

Background: Iron acquisition is essential for the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Hepcidin is known as an antimicrobial peptide and a component of the innate immune response. Hepcidin inhibits M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.929736DOI Listing
October 2014
5 Reads
5 Citations
1.640 Impact Factor

Weekly chlorhexidine douche: does it reduce healthcare-associated bloodstream infections?

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 19;46(10):697-703. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

Antalya Education and Research Hospital, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology.

Background: Daily chlorhexidine (CHG) bathing has been used as a precaution to reduce the rate of healthcare-associated bloodstream infections (HA-BSI). The application frequency of CHG bathing remains unclear, this procedure has been implemented daily by this time. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of weekly whole-body douche with CHG shower gel on rates of HA-BSI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.931597DOI Listing
October 2014
11 Reads
1.640 Impact Factor

Mycobacterium bovis meningitis in young Nigerian-born male.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 19;46(10):732-4. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

From the Department of Infectious Diseases, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet , Copenhagen.

In Denmark, tuberculous meningitis is rare. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement with Mycobacterium bovis is even rarer and has only been seen three times since 1992. We present a case of M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.937455DOI Listing
October 2014
3 Reads

Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in patients with end-stage renal disease: a comparison with the general population.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 18;46(10):704-11. Epub 2014 Aug 18.

From the Department of Infectious Diseases, Aarhus University Hospital , Aarhus.

Background: Data on occurrence and risk factors for pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are sparse.

Methods: This was a nationwide population-based study assessing occurrence and risk factors for PCP among patients with ESRD and population controls over a 21-year period (1/1 1990 to 31/12 2010). Using Danish registry data, first-time diagnoses of PCP were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.936492DOI Listing
October 2014
9 Reads

Murine typhus in elderly patients: a prospective study of 49 patients.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 14;46(11):779-82. Epub 2014 Aug 14.

From the Department of Internal Medicine, Infectious Diseases Unit, University Hospital of Heraklion , Crete , Greece.

Background: The characteristics of Rickettsia typhi infection in elderly patients have not been extensively described in the literature.

Methods: We conducted a prospective study on murine typhus in patients > 65 years old in two endemic areas of Greece.

Results: Forty-nine elderly patients were analyzed, including 30 (61. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.943283DOI Listing
November 2014
6 Reads

Spleen enlargement is a common finding in acute Puumala hantavirus infection and it does not associate with thrombocytopenia.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 14;46(10):723-6. Epub 2014 Aug 14.

From the Department of Internal Medicine, Tampere University Hospital , Tampere , Finland.

The pathogenesis of thrombocytopenia in Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) infection is probably multifactorial. We aimed to evaluate the possible spleen enlargement during acute PUUV infection, and to determine its association with thrombocytopenia and disease severity. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spleen was performed in 20 patients with acute PUUV infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.930967DOI Listing
October 2014
3 Reads

Echinocandin-induced eosinophilia: a case report.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Nov 14;46(11):809-12. Epub 2014 Aug 14.

From the Department of Pharmacy, Singapore General Hospital , Singapore.

Drug-induced eosinophilia is difficult to diagnose. Severe organ damage can occur if it is left untreated. Presently, caspofungin is the only echinocandin that has been reported to cause eosinophilia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.938692DOI Listing
November 2014
7 Reads

Screening tests for hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus in blood donors: evaluation of two chemiluminescent immunoassay systems.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Sep 30;46(9):660-4. Epub 2014 Jul 30.

From the 1 U.O.C. Immunohaematology, Transfusion Medicine and Transplant Immunology, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Second University of Naples.

Automated chemiluminescent immunoassays (CLIAs) are useful for the detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus 1/2 antigen/antibodies (HIV 1/2 Ag/Ab) in blood donor screening. Eight hundred and forty serum samples were tested for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), HCV antibodies (anti-HCV), and HIV1/2 Ag/Ab in parallel using 2 different CLIAs (Abbott Architect i2000SR and Roche Cobas e411). The concordance between the 2 systems was high (Cohen's kappa 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.926564DOI Listing
September 2014
46 Reads

Risk of HIV transmission from patients on antiretroviral therapy: a position statement from the Public Health Agency of Sweden and the Swedish Reference Group for Antiviral Therapy.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 30;46(10):673-7. Epub 2014 Jul 30.

From the 1 Department of Microbiology, Tumour and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm.

The modern medical treatment of HIV with antiretroviral therapy (ART) has drastically reduced the morbidity and mortality in patients infected with this virus. ART has also been shown to reduce the transmission risk from individual patients as well as the spread of the infection at the population level. This position statement from the Public Health Agency of Sweden and the Swedish Reference Group for Antiviral Therapy is based on a workshop organized in the fall of 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.926565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4196576PMC
October 2014
33 Reads

Colistin nephrotoxicity increases with age.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 30;46(10):678-85. Epub 2014 Jul 30.

From the 1 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa School of Medicine , Istanbul.

Background: Colistin (COL) has become the backbone of the treatment of infections due to extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Gram-negative bacteria. The most common restriction to its use is acute kidney injury (AKI).

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate risk factors for new-onset AKI in patients receiving COL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.926021DOI Listing
October 2014
24 Reads

Comparison of IGRA tests and TST in the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection and predicting tuberculosis in risk groups in Krakow, Poland.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Sep 30;46(9):649-55. Epub 2014 Jul 30.

From the 1 Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital.

Background: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in risk groups in Krakow, using the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) test and the tuberculin skin test (TST); we also sought to assess the rate of progression to active disease over 4-5 y of follow-up.

Methods: QFT-GIT tests were performed on 785 subjects and the TST on 701 subjects from the risk groups of homeless persons, close contacts, periodic contacts, and residents of long-term care facilities (LTCFs), and subjects from a low risk group.

Results: In homeless persons, close contacts, periodic contacts, LTCF residents, and low risk persons, a positive QFT-GIT was found in 36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.927955DOI Listing
September 2014
56 Reads

In memoriam--Professor Ragnar Norrby (1943-2014).

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Aug;46(8):545-6

Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, and the Association of the Journal.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.940699DOI Listing
August 2014
3 Reads

Herpes zoster meningoencephalitis complicated with peripheral vascular disease: an uncommon presentation of a common disease.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Oct 14;46(10):716-8. Epub 2014 Jul 14.

From the Department of Neurology, SMS Medical College Jaipur , Rajasthan , India.

Herpes zoster is reactivation of the varicella zoster virus that has remained dormant in the dorsal root ganglia since an earlier episode of chickenpox. Herpes zoster has variable clinical presentations, but meningo-encephalitis is not frequently encountered. There is growing evidence of both large and small vessel involvement in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients, in contrast with the previous opinion that immunocompetent patients have vasculopathy in the large vessels while immunosuppressed patients have vasculopathy in the small vessels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.926022DOI Listing
October 2014
4 Reads

Risk factors for infection and predictors of mortality among patients with KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Sep 14;46(9):642-8. Epub 2014 Jul 14.

From the Department of Microbiology, Internal Medicine, University of Patras , Greece.

Background: Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) infections in intensive care units (ICUs) are associated with increased mortality. We aimed to determine risk factors for infection and predictors of 30-day mortality in ICU patients with KPC-Kp bloodstream infections (BSI).

Methods: During a 26-month period, patients (n = 273) who stayed more than 6 days in the ICU of the University Hospital of Patras, Greece, were divided into 2 groups, those who developed KPC-Kp BSI and those who did not. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.923106DOI Listing
September 2014
16 Reads

High bacterial loads of Ureaplasma may be associated with non-specific cervicitis.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Sep 14;46(9):637-41. Epub 2014 Jul 14.

From the Department of Laboratory Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynaecology Hospital of Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

Background: Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum are commonly found in the cervix of women with non-chlamydial and non-gonococcal cervicitis or non-specific cervicitis (NSC). However their contribution to the aetiology of NSC is controversial.

Methods: U. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365548.2014.92
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.922696DOI Listing
September 2014
9 Reads

Durability of protective antibody titres is not enhanced by a two-dose schedule of an ASO3-adjuvanted pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine in adult HIV-1-infected patients.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Sep 8;46(9):656-9. Epub 2014 Jul 8.

From the Department of Infectious Disease, Goethe University , Frankfurt , Germany.

The immune response after influenza vaccination is impaired in HIV-infected individuals and can be enhanced by a second dose. The durability of the antibody protection and its clinical benefit is not known. We investigated clinical symptoms and antibody titres against H1N1 influenza A following no dose, 1 dose, or 2 doses of an ASO3-adjuvanted H1N1 vaccine in HIV-infected patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.922695DOI Listing
September 2014
12 Reads

High HCV treatment uptake in the Swedish HIV/HCV co-infected cohort.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Sep 1;46(9):624-32. Epub 2014 Jul 1.

From the Unit of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine , Huddinge , Karolinska Institutet , Sweden.

Background: HCV co-infection is a leading cause of death in HIV-positive patients. Despite a strong indication for the treatment of HCV, treatment uptake is generally lower than in HCV mono-infected patients. The aim of this study was to determine the HCV treatment uptake and to define factors associated with initiation or deferral of HCV treatment in Swedish HIV/HCV co-infected patients. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365548.2014.92
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.921932DOI Listing
September 2014
10 Reads

Hand carriage of Candida occurs at lesser rates in hospital personnel who use antimicrobial hand disinfectant.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Sep 23;46(9):633-6. Epub 2014 Jun 23.

From the 1 Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, University of Duzce School of Medicine , Duzce.

Background: The hands of hospital personnel are considered to be important for colonization and infection of patients with Candida spp. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of different hand disinfectants in reducing the carriage of Candida species on the hands of hospital personnel.

Methods: A controlled study was conducted at Duzce University School of Medicine Hospital. Read More

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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00365548.2014.92
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.922694DOI Listing
September 2014
11 Reads
2 Citations
1.640 Impact Factor

Molecular analysis of the rpsL gene for rapid detection of streptomycin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a meta-analysis.

Scand J Infect Dis 2014 Aug 16;46(8):585-92. Epub 2014 Jun 16.

From the Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology.

Background: Drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is a major threat to tuberculosis (TB) control programs and public health. Most conventional methods of drug susceptibility testing (DST) are precise but time-consuming. Molecular analysis of the rpsL gene has been used widely in diagnosing streptomycin-resistant MTB since it is rapid and specific. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.918649DOI Listing
August 2014
4 Reads