1,426 results match your criteria Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal[Journal]


Risk scores and surgery for infective endocarditis: in search of a good predictive score.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 Apr 22:1-26. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

b Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery , University Hospital of Udine , Italy.

Objectives: To evaluate scoring systems that have been created to predict the risk of death post-surgery in infective endocarditis (IE).

Design: Eight scores - (1) The Society of Thoracic Surgery (STS) risk score for IE, (2) De Feo score, (3) PALSUSE score (prosthetic valve, age ≥70, large intracardiac destruction, Staphylococcus spp, urgent surgery, sex [female], EuroSCORE ≥10), (4) ANCLA score (anemia, New York Heart Association class IV, critical state, large intracardiac destruction, surgery of thoracic aorta), (5) Risk-Endocarditis Score (RISK-E), (6) score for heart valve or prosthesis IE (EndoSCORE), and (7,8) Association pour l'Étude et la Prévention de l'Endocadite Infectieuse (AEPEI) score I and II - were evaluated in 324 (mean age, 61.8 ± 14. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1610188DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Prognostic Impact of Recurrences in Patients with Electrical Storm.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 Apr 8:1-21. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

a First Department of Medicine , University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg , Mannheim , Germany ; DZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research) partner site Mannheim , Germany.

Objectives: The study sought to assess the prognostic impact of recurrences of electrical storm (ES-R) on mortality, rehospitalization and major adverse cardiac events (MACE).

Background: Data on the prognostic impact of ES-R is rare.

Methods: All consecutive ES patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) were included retrospectively from 2002 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1605095DOI Listing

Twenty-year results of surgical pulmonary thromboembolectomy in acute pulmonary embolism.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 Mar 28:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

a Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heart and Marfan Center , University of Heidelberg , Heidelberg , Germany.

Background: Acute massive pulmonary embolism is often a life-threatening condition and should be treated immediately. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing emergency pulmonary embolectomy for acute massive pulmonary embolism.

Methods: We evaluated 49 patients undergoing emergency pulmonary embolectomy in our institution between 1995 and 2015, retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1600013DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Long-term outcome of catheter ablation in post-infarction recurrent ventricular tachycardia.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 Mar 27:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

a Department of Cardiology , Isala Hospital , Zwolle , the Netherlands.

Objectives: Severe LV dysfunction and advanced age are associated with VT recurrence after catheter ablation in patients with post-infarction drug-refractory VT. We present retrospective analysis of long-term outcome after single and repeat VT ablation procedures in patients with ischemic heart disease.

Design: Patients with recurrent VT post infarction who underwent catheter ablation between 2006 and 2017 in Isala Heart Centre were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1601253DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

High on-Clopidogrel Platelet Reactivity and Chronic Kidney Disease: A meta-analysis of Literature Studies.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 Mar 26:1-22. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

a Department of Nephrology , Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University , Beijing , China.

Background: The efficacy of clopidogrel is often attenuated in the setting of renal impairment. High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) is an independent correlate of adverse event. Here we performed a quantitative evaluation of the prevalence and impact of HPR in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1598571DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
1.104 Impact Factor

Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: a network meta-analysis.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 Mar 21:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

a 3rd Department of Internal Medicine, Hypertension-24h ABPM ESH Center of Excellence, Papageorgiou Hospital , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece.

Objectives: We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) including the comparison of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) with warfarin for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

Design: Network meta-analysis. Two authors independently extracted data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1594353DOI Listing

Lower incidence of late tamponade after cardiac surgery by extended chest tube drainage.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 Mar 5:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

a Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery , Tampere University Heart Hospital , Tampere , Finland.

Objectives: To ascertain whether extended chest tube drainage decreases the occurrence of late tamponade after cardiac surgery.

Design: All patients undergoing cardiac surgery at the Tampere University Heart Hospital, Tampere, Finland, between the 23 of October 2015 and the 17 of August 2016 were included. The first 260 consecutive patients were treated according to a short drainage protocol, in which the mediastinal chest tubes were removed during the first postoperative day unless producing >50ml/h, and the following 224 consecutive patients by an extended drainage protocol, in which the mediastinal chest tubes were kept at least until the second postoperative day, and thereafter if producing >50ml/4h. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1590630DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Association between heart rate variability and haemodynamic response to exercise in chronic heart failure.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 Mar 5:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

a Faculty of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular Research Centre, Institutes of Cellular and Genetic Medicine , Newcastle University, and Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals , Newcastle upon Tyne , UK.

Objectives: Heart rate variability (HRV) and haemodynamic response to exercise (i.e. peak cardiac power output) are strong predictors of mortality in heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1590629DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Prognostic efficacy of C-reactive protein/albumin ratio in ST elevation myocardial infarction.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 Mar 5:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

e Department of Cardiology , Ataturk University Medical School , Erzurum , Turkey.

Objective: Although the prognostic efficacy of C-reactive protein (mg/L) and albumin levels (g/L) has been previously associated with poor prognosis in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), to the best of our knowledge, the prognostic efficacy of C-reactive protein/Albumin ratio (CAR) (mg/g) has not been investigated yet. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the potential efficacy of the CAR in predicting prognosis in STEMI patients.

Method: We conducted a detailed investigation of 2437 patients with first STEMI treated with a primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1590628DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Continuous-flow LVADs in the Nordic countries: complications and mortality and its predictors.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 02 5;53(1):14-20. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

j Department of Medicine , Karolinska Institutet and Heart and Vascular Theme, Karolinska University Hospital , Stockholm , Sweden.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess complications and mortality and its predictors, with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) in the Nordic Countries.

Design: This was a retrospective, international, multicenter cohort study.

Results: Between 1993 and 2013, 442 surgically implanted long-term mechanical assist devices were used among 8 centers in the Nordic countries. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1583365DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

ST2 in heart failure with preserved and reduced ejection fraction.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 02 8;53(1):21-27. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

a Department of Medicine , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.

Objectives: Soluble suppression of tumorigenecity 2 (sST2) is prognostic in acute and chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) but less studied in HF with preserved EF (HFpEF). We evaluated sST2 concentrations, correlations with biomarkers and echocardiographic measures of diastolic and systolic function, and associations with outcomes in HFpEF and HFrEF.

Design And Results: A total of 193 subjects from three different cohorts were included. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1583363DOI Listing
February 2019
54 Reads

Contemporary practice of CRT implantation in scandinavia compared to Europe.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 02 5;53(1):9-13. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

f Department of Cardiology, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Objectives: To compare the contemporary practice of CRT implantation in Scandinavia and Europe.

Design: We used data from The European CRT Survey II to highlight similarities and differences in the practice of CRT implantation between Europe (EUR) and Scandinavia (SCAND) and between the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Implant data from the national pacemaker registries were used to calculate coverage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1583364DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Description of chest pain patients in a Norwegian emergency department.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 02 26;53(1):28-34. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

b Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging , Norwegian University of Science and Technology , Trondheim , Norway.

Objectives: Chest pain is one of the most frequent chief complaints in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED). No study has evaluated this patient population in Norway. The aim of the present study was to describe the diagnoses and logistics of chest pain patients admitted to the ED at a Norwegian university hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1583362DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Effect of nitric oxide reduction on arterial thrombosis.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 02 1;53(1):1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

b Department of Medical, Surgical, Neurological, Metabolic and Aging Sciences , University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" , Naples , Italy.

Objectives: Nitric oxide (NO) represents the most powerful endogenous molecule with vasodilator action mainly produced by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) enzyme. Polymorphisms and epigenetic-sensitive mechanisms can modulate the expression of eNOS gene, leading to the endothelial dysfunction. This review updates on the mechanistic role of NO in the regulation of platelet activation, as well as the impact of eNOS genetic and epigenetic modifications on arterial thrombosis onset. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1581943DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Hyperuricemia predicts adverse clinical outcomes after cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Oct 3;52(5):250-255. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

a Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University , Budapest , Hungary.

Objectives: Changes in the levels of serum creatinine and N-terminal of prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are useful risk markers after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The diagnostic value of changes in serum uric acid levels has been established in chronic heart failure, but no data are available on the prognostic value of hyperuricemia in a CRT population.

Design: We measured markers of renal function [creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and uric acid] and NT-proBNP levels of 129 heart failure patients undergoing CRT in a prospective, observational study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1499954DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Overexpression of miR-210 promotes the potential of cardiac stem cells against hypoxia.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 11;52(6):367-371. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

a Department of Cardiac Surgery , The First Hospital of China Medical University , Shenyang , China.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of miR-210 on cardiac stem cells (CSCs) against hypoxia-induced injury.

Methods: CSCs were isolated from rat ventricular wall and cultured until passage 4. After exposure to hypoxia for 6 h, the expression of miR-210 was determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1567932DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A national needs assessment study to determine procedures for simulation-based training in cardiology in Denmark.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 02 18;53(1):35-41. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

a Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation (CAMES) , The Capital Region of Denmark, Copenhagen , Denmark.

Objectives: New training methods such as simulation have been introduced in cardiology as in other specialties; however, the development of effective simulation-based training programs is challenging. They are often unstructured and based on convenience or coincidence. The objective of this study was to perform a nationwide general needs assessment to identify and prioritize technical procedures that should be included in a simulation-based curriculum for cardiology residency in Denmark. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1569716DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Treatment of sleep apnea in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: design and rationale of a randomized controlled trial.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 5;52(6):372-377. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Department of Cardiology , Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet , Oslo , Norway.

Rationale: Atrial fibrillation is associated with increased mortality as well as morbidity. There is strong evidence for an association between atrial fibrillation and sleep apnea. It is not known whether treatment of sleep apnea with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) will reduce the burden of atrial fibrillation. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1567933DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Iron deficiency in pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 6;52(6):378-382. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Center for Pulmonary Vascular Diseases, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases , Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College , Beijing , China.

Objectives: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) in congenital heart disease associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (CHD-PAH) and to explore the influence of ID on CHD-PAH patients. What was associated with ID in these patients was also looked into.

Design: One hundred and fifty-three patients who were newly diagnosed with CHD-PAH were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1567934DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
1.104 Impact Factor

Regional differences in the incidence of diabetic cardiovascular events reflect the quality of care.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Oct 7;52(5):232-237. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

a THL - National Institute of Health and Welfare , Helsinki , Finland.

Objectives: Diabetic patients have two-fold excess risk of cardiovascular complications (CVCs). To compare the treatment quality of diabetic patients we compared the incidence of CVCs between the five university hospital districts (UHDs) in Finland.

Design: The study population comprised all persons with diabetes in Finland since 1964. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1497198DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Aortic stiffness in families with inherited non-syndromic thoracic aortic disease.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 3;52(6):301-307. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

b Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine , Umeå University , Umeå , Sweden.

Background: In families with an inherited form of non-syndromic thoracic aortic disease (TAAD), aortic diameter alone is not a reliable marker for disease occurrence or progression. To identify other parameters of aortic function, we studied aortic stiffness in families with TAAD. We also compared diameter measurements obtained by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1546895DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

The relationship between nesfatin-1 and carotid artery stenosis.

Authors:
Aliye Kuyumcu

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 17;52(6):328-334. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics , Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital , Ankara , Turkey.

Objectives: Nesfatin-1 is a novel anorectic neuropeptide with potent metabolic regulatory effects. Nesfatin-1 regulates blood pressure, heart rate, cardiomyocyte metabolism, and permeability. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between carotid artery stenosis (CAS) and nesfatin-1. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1547840DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Ventricular electrical delay as a predictor of arrhythmias in patients with cardiac resynchronization implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 22;52(6):356-361. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

a Henry Low Heart Center , Hartford Hospital , Hartford , CT , USA.

Background: Left ventricular (LV) remodeling and clinical response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is inversely related to electrical dyssynchrony, measured as LV lead electrical delay (QLV). Presence of atrial or ventricular arrhythmia is correlated with worsening heart failure and LV remodeling.

Objective: We sought to assess the association of QLV with arrhythmic events in CRT recipients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1562202DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Troponin T release comparing manually or magnetically guided radiofrequency ablation for AVNRT- a MAGMA AVNRT substudy.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 25;52(6):362-366. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

a Department of Cardiology , Haukeland University Hospital , Bergen , Norway.

Objectives: Catheter ablation is regarded as first-line therapy for symptomatic atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT). Ablation induces intended myocardial damage and the extent of myocardial damage may differ between ablation methods. The objective of this MAGMA AVNRT(NCT00875914) substudy was to compare high-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) levels as a surrogate marker for myocardial damage after manually guided (MAN) AVNRT ablation versus AVNRT ablation using remote magnetic navigation (RMN). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1562203DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

How to avoid severe coronary vasoconstriction in potassium induced cardioplegia.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 9;52(6):344-347. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery , Skåne University Hospital and Lund University , Lund , Sweden.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate how high K concentrations can be safely used in cardioplegic solutions without causing severe coronary artery vasocontraction.

Design: Twenty-four 50 kg pigs were used. The distal part of the left anterior descending coronary artery was cut into ring segments and transferred into organ baths with Krebs solution bubbled with 95% O and 5% CO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1552794DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Role of pannexin and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) following myocardial ischemia/reperfusion.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 7;52(6):340-343. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

a Department of Clinical Experimental Research, Glostrup Research Institute , Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet-Glostrup , Glostrup , Denmark.

Objectives: The purinergic system has not been investigated in detail following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the heart. In the present study, we focus on both release and response to extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Pannexin (Panx) channels have been shown to be involved in ATP release from myocytes and can activate P2X1 and P2Y2 receptors on the coronary artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1552793DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

The association between circulating endostatin levels and incident myocardial infarction.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 14;52(6):315-319. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

c Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.

Objective: Increased levels of circulating endostatin have been observed in patients with prevalent ischemic heart disease. However, the association between circulating endostatin, and incident myocardial infarction (MI) is less studied. Our main aim was to study the association between circulating endostatin and incident MI in the community adjusted for established cardiovascular risk factors in men and women. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1547839DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Novel imaging modalities in detection of cardiovascular involvement in ankylosing spondylitis.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 7;52(6):320-327. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

e Cardiology Department , Tekirdag State Hospital , Tekirdag , Turkey.

Objectives: The diagnosis of cardiovascular involvement in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is usually delayed since conventional echocardiography relies mainly on the morphological alterations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of echocardiographic methods such as tissue Doppler and strain imaging of left ventricle (LV) and proximal aorta; and concentrations of biomarkers of cardiac fibrosis such as galectin-3 (Gal-3) and soluble suppression-of-tumorogenicity-2 (sST2) in determining early cardiovascular impairment in AS.

Design: In this prospective study of 75 AS and 30 healthy subjects (mean age 41. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1551564DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Cost effectiveness of implementing ESC guidelines for treatment of iron deficiency in heart failure in the Nordic countries.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 2;52(6):348-355. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

d Heart and Vascular Theme , Karolinska University Hospital , Stockholm , Sweden.

Objectives: Guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) recommend that ferritin and transferrin saturation should be tested in chronic heart failure (HF) and state that iron treatment with ferric carboxymaltose should be considered in HF patients with iron deficiency to alleviate symptoms and improve exercise tolerance and quality of life. This study evaluates the cost effectiveness of the implementation of this recommendation in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden).

Design: We performed a cost-utility analysis comparing ferric carboxymaltose treatment with placebo over a one-year time period in each country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1546894DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

LncRNA TINCR is downregulated in diabetic cardiomyopathy and relates to cardiomyocyte apoptosis.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 25;52(6):335-339. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

b Department of Anatomy , Changsha Medical University , Changsha City , P.R. China.

Objective: LncRNA TINCR has been reported to be involved in cardiac hypertrophy, while its involvement in diabetic cardiomyopathy is unknown.

Materials And Methods: In this study, myocardial biopsy and serum collected from patients with diabetic cardiomyopathy, diabetic patients without cardiopathy and healthy controls, and the expression of TINCR in those tissues was detected by quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). ROC curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of TINCR expression for diabetic cardiomyopathy. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1546896DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

Modified internal mammary artery perforator flap in treatment of sternal wound complications.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Oct 4;52(5):275-280. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

a Department of Plastic Surgery , Kuopio University Hospital , Kuopio , Finland.

Objectives: There are multiple treatment strategies and flap options to cover defects after deep sternal wound infections and other similar sternal defects. The choice of flap is made according to surgeons' preferences and the size and location of the defect. Our aim is to introduce a new option to cover these kinds of defects with an internal mammary artery perforator flap combined with a pectoralis major muscle flap mostly raised with a muscle-sparing technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1546897DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Heart failure in immigrant groups: a cohort study of adults aged 45 years and over in Sweden.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 26;52(6):292-300. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

b Center for Primary Health Care Research , Lund University , Malmö , Sweden.

Objective: An increased risk of being diagnosed with coronary heart disease or atrial fibrillation has been shown among different immigrant groups. However, less is known on the risk of being diagnosed with congestive heart failure (CHF).

Design: We studied CHF in immigrants including all adults ≥45 years in Sweden (n = 3,274,119) from 1998 to 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1546892DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399054PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

High-Detailed evaluation of the right atrial anatomy by three-dimensional rotational angiography during ablation procedures for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia and atrial flutter.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Oct 9;52(5):268-274. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Department of Cardiovascular Sciences , University of Leuven , Leuven , Belgium.

Aim: 3D Rotational angiography (3DRA) allows for detailed reconstruction of atrial anatomy and is often used to facilitate pulmonary vein isolation. This study aimed to reappraise the anatomy of the right atrium (RA) using 3DRA, specifically looking at Koch's triangle and the cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) in atrio-ventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) and atrial flutter (AFl) ablation.

Methods And Results: 3DRA was performed in 97 patients: AVNRT = 51 and AFl = 46. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1546893DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

The objective CORE score allows early rule out in acute chest pain patients.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Dec 24;52(6):308-314. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Section of Emergency Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences at Lund , Lund University , Lund , Sweden.

Objectives: Chest pain is a common complaint in the emergency department (ED), and it is a challenge to identify low-risk chest pain patients eligible for early discharge. We aimed to develop a simple objective decision rule to exclude 30-day major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in ED chest pain patients.

Design: We analyzed prospectively included patients presenting with chest pain. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1546891DOI Listing
December 2018
21 Reads

The incidence of atrial fibrillation and the added value of thumb ECG for detecting new cases.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Oct 10;52(5):256-261. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

a Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy , University of Gothenburg, and Sahlgrenska University Hospital , Göteborg , Sweden.

Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) as well as the value of thumb electrocardiography (ECG) for identification of paroxysmal AF in a Swedish cohort of middle-aged men from the general population.

Design: A population based random cohort of 798 men underwent screening at the age of 50 and re-examined at the age of 60 and 71 years. At the last examination, a thumb ECG recording was conducted for 2 weeks twice a day in 479 men from the original cohort. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1509120DOI Listing
October 2018
19 Reads

Ischemic QRS prolongation as a predictor of ventricular fibrillation in a canine model.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Oct 5;52(5):262-267. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine , Skåne University Hospital and Lund University , Lund , Sweden.

Objectives: An acute coronary occlusion and its possible subsequent complications is one of the most common causes of death. One such complication is ventricular fibrillation (VF) due to myocardial ischemia. The severity of ischemia is related to the amount of coronary arterial collateral flow. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1494304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6397935PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Use of renal replacement therapy after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Denmark 2005-2013.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Oct 5;52(5):238-243. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Department of Cardiology, The Heart Centre , Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet , København , Denmark.

Objectives: Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is used to treat acute kidney injury as part of multi organ failure. Use and prognostic implications after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is not well known. This study aims to assess incidence and use of RRT and whether RRT post-arrest was associated with 30-day mortality in Denmark in the years 2005-2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1503707DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Atorvastatin reduces alcohol-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress in AC16 cardiomyocytes.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2019 02;53(1):42-47

a Department of Cardiology , Angang General Hospital , Anshan City , China.

Objectives: To investigate the effects of atorvastatin on the ultrastructure and lipid metabolism of AC16 cardiomyocytes in response to alcohol-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS).

Design: The expression of the ERS-related factor GRP78 in the established ERS model was determined by western blotting. Alcohol-exposed cardiomyocytes were treated with various concentrations of atorvastatin, and GRP78 expression was measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1516891DOI Listing
February 2019
16 Reads

Association between the promoter methylation of the TBX20 gene and tetralogy of fallot.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Oct 7;52(5):287-291. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

a Department of Pediatrics , Qilu Hospital of Shandong University , Jinan , China.

Objectives: To investigate the association between promoter methylation of the TBX20 gene and tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Methods. The methylation level of TBX20 promoter regions in 23 patients with TOF and five controls were analyzed through bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction. Meanwhile, the expression of TBX20 mRNA was measured using real time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1499955DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Ascending aortas from heart donors and CABG patients are not equivalent as control in aortopathy studies.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Oct 25;52(5):281-286. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

a Department of Translational Medical Sciences , Università degli Studi della Campania "L. Vanvitelli" , Naples , Italy.

Objectives: A careful selection of reference samples in studies on the pathogenesis of thoracic ascending aorta (TAA) dilation is crucial for reliability, consistency and reproducibility of experimental results. Several studies include control TAA samples from heart donors. Others include samples harvested during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedures or a mix of samples from heart donors and CABG patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1494303DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Circulating endostatin and the incidence of heart failure.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 Oct 12;52(5):244-249. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

c Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society , Karolinska Institutet , Huddinge , Sweden.

Objective: Circulating levels of endostatin are elevated in many underlying conditions leading to heart failure such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease and ischemic heart disease. Yet, the association between endostatin and the incidence of heart failure has not been reported previously in the community.

Design: We investigated the longitudinal association between serum endostatin levels and incident heart failure in two community-based cohorts of elderly: Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS, n = 966; mean age 70 years, 51% women, 81 events, mean follow-up 10 years) and Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM, n = 747 men; mean age 78 years, 98 heart failure events, mean follow-up 8 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1483080DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Dabigatran affects thrombin-dependent platelet aggregation after a week-long therapy.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 08 29;52(4):227-231. Epub 2018 May 29.

a Department of Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, National Centre of Haemostasis and Thrombosis, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin , Comenius University in Bratislava , Kollarova 2, 036 59 Martin , Slovakia.

Objective: Dabigatran is a direct thrombin inhibitor. As the main adverse event is bleeding, it is relevant whether dabigatran has additional effects on platelet function. If so, it could affect the bleeding risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1480798DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Effects of antiarrhythmics and hypokalemia on the rate adaptation of cardiac repolarization.

Authors:
Oleg E Osadchii

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 08 25;52(4):218-226. Epub 2018 May 25.

a Department of Biomedical Sciences , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Objectives: In normal conditions, sudden heart rate acceleration provokes a rapid reduction in ventricular action potential duration (APD). The protracted APD rate adaptation favors early afterdepolarizations and precipitates arrhythmia. Nevertheless, it is uncertain as to whether the rate-dependent changes of ventricular repolarization can be adversely modified by arrhythmogenic drugs (quinidine and procainamide) and hypokalemia, in comparison to the agents with safe therapeutic profile, such as lidocaine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1478123DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Impaired left ventricular filling is associated with decreased pulse oximetry values.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 08 19;52(4):211-217. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

a General Practice Research Unit, Department of Community Medicine , University of Tromsø , Tromsø , Norway.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between echocardiographic measures of diastolic left ventricular dysfunction and decreased arterial oxyhaemoglobin saturation measured with pulse oximetry (SpO).

Design: This is a cross-sectional population-based survey of Norwegian adults. Values obtained using echocardiography, pulse oximetry, and spirometry were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1464662DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

In-hospital outcomes after rotational atherectomy in patients with low ejection fraction.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 08 18;52(4):177-182. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

a New Tokyo Hospital , Interventional Cardiology Unit , Matsudo , Chiba , Japan.

Objectives: This study evaluated angiographic success and in-hospital outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with rotational atherectomy (RA) in patients with low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF).

Design: Between January 2010 and March 2014, 272 consecutive patients with heavily calcified lesions underwent elective PCI with RA. Of these, 33 patients had LVEF ≤35% (low LVEF group), whereas 237 patients had LVEF >35% (preserved LVEF group). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1455988DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Longitudinal evaluation of ventricular ejection fraction and NT-proBNP across heart failure subgroups.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 08 14;52(4):205-210. Epub 2018 Apr 14.

a Department of Cardiology, Clinical sciences , Lund University and Skåne University Hospital , Lund , Sweden.

Objectives: Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are important surrogate markers of cardiac function and wall stress. Randomized trials of heart failure (HF) have shown improvements in survival in patients with reduced EF (<40%, HFrEF) but not with preserved EF (≥50%, HFpEF) or mid-range EF (40-49%, HFmrEF). Limited information is available on the trajectory of EF in contemporary heart failure management programs (HFMPs). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14017431.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1461920DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

The a´ velocity in the tissue Doppler predicts S/D ratio <1 in patients with a normal ejection fraction.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 08 13;52(4):183-188. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

d Department of Clinical Physiology , Central Hospital , Karlstad , Sweden.

Objectives: To compare the ability of the a´ velocity and the e´ velocity in predicting a dominant diastolic pulmonary vein flow (S/D ratio <1) in patients with normal ejection fraction.

Design: We retrospectively evaluated the diastolic function according to the ASE/EACVI guidelines, the S/D ratio and the septal, lateral and average a´ velocity in 293 unselected in-hospital patients, aged 39-86 years, in sinus rhythm and with no or mild valve disease, having a normal systolic function (EF >50%).

Results: There was a good linear correlation between the S/D ratio and the a´ velocity, but a tendency towards a negative correlation between the S/D ratio and the e´ velocity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1455989DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Alterations in plasma L-arginine and methylarginines in heart failure and after heart transplantation.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 08 12;52(4):196-204. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

a Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Cardiology , Lund University , Lund , Sweden.

Objective: Endothelial function, including the nitric oxide (NO)-pathway, has previously been extensively investigated in heart failure (HF). In contrast, studies are lacking on the NO pathway after heart transplantation (HT). We therefore investigated substances in the NO pathway prior to and after HT in relation to hemodynamic parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1459823DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Correlation of ST changes in leads V4-V6 to area of ischemia by CMR in inferior STEMI.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 08 29;52(4):189-195. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

a Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology , Baylor College of Medicine , Houston , TX , USA.

Objective: We aim to determine the correlation between ST-segment changes in leads V4-V6 and the extent of myocardial injury by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with inferior ST elevation (STE) myocardial infarction (iSTEMI).

Design: Admission electrocardiogram and CMR data from the MITOCARE trial were used. Differences in mean myocardium at risk, infarct size, ejection fraction and myocardial segment involvement by CMR were compared in patients with first iSTEMI with STE, ST depression (STD) or no ST changes (NST) in V4-V6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1458145DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Correction to: Janiec et al. Graft failure and recurrence of symptoms after coronary artery bypass grafting.

Authors:

Scand Cardiovasc J 2018 06 23;52(3):170. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1456773DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads