2,849 results match your criteria Scalp Reconstruction


The performance of a low-cost bio-amplifier on 3D human arm movement reconstruction.

Biomed Tech (Berl) 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Medicine, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Objectives In this study, the performance of OpenBCI, a low-cost bio-amplifier, is assessed when used for 3D motion reconstruction. Methods Eleven scalp electrode locations from three subjects were used, with sampling rate of 125 Hz, subsequently band-pass filtered from 0.5 to 40 Hz. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bmt-2019-0085DOI Listing

Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Scalp with Skull Invasion: A Rare and Aggressive Presentation.

Cureus 2020 Apr 23;12(4):e7801. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Northwell Health/Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, USA.

Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is an undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma and is considered the most common primary soft tissue sarcoma in adults. MFH is known to arise in the trunk, extremities and retroperitoneum although it can arise anywhere in the body.MFH of the skin is uncommon and even less frequent is the involvement of the scalp, especially with skull invasion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7801DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243839PMC

Initial Facial Feminization Surgery Experience in a Multicenter Integrated Health Care System.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 May 26:194599820924635. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center, Oakland, California, USA.

Objective: There are few large studies on facial feminization surgery (FFS). We provide the largest comprehensive report to date of an FFS cohort regarding the safety of multilevel surgery, patient-specific considerations with FFS procedures, and complications of surgery.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599820924635DOI Listing

Crane Principle Revisited.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Apr 22;8(4):e2741. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: Scalp and forehead defects represent one of the most complex defects for reconstruction. The nature of these sites being hair bearing, together with the complicated nature of the injuries, for example, electrical burns and motor vehicle accidents, and of course the aesthetic concern being in the face, all add to the complexity of reconstruction.

Methods: This is a case series representing the experience of the authors in using the "crane principle" in the reconstruction of various defects in the forehead and the scalp presented to emergency department, Cairo University Hospital, for the period between January 2018 and January 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002741DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7209862PMC

The successful use of a bespoke OssDsign cranial plate to reconstruct an occipital defect following excision of a recurrent epithelioid sarcoma.

JPRAS Open 2020 Jun 25;24:71-76. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

The Craniofacial Unit, Department of Plastic Surgery, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, 369 Fulham Road, London SW10 9NH, United Kingdom.

A cranioplasty has a number of known associated complications including infection for non-biological implants and bone flap resorption where autologous grafts are used. In recent years, bioactive ceramic cranial implants have been developed as a new reconstructive option. The OssDsign cranial plate (OssDsign AB, Uppsala, Sweden) was first introduced in 2010 and consists of an interconnected mosaic of hydroxyapatite tiles mounted onto a 3D-printed titanium mesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpra.2020.01.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225370PMC

Treatment of scalp defects with a combination of trephination and platelet-rich plasma.

J Tissue Viability 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Gölköy, Bolu, 14280, Turkey. Electronic address:

In cases of complete scalp loss where the calvarium is exposed and reconstruction cannot be achieved using replantation, or local or far flaps, using trephination to create holes to the depth of the spongeous layer followed by grafting once granulation has covered all defects is an important reconstruction alternative. However, growth of the granulation after trephination and waiting for the entire defect to be covered is a slow process. Since the introduction of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), several researchers have investigated the efficacy of different bone healing and grafting procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtv.2020.04.004DOI Listing

An algorithm for one-stage malignant oncologic scalp reconstruction.

Ann Transl Med 2020 Apr;8(7):432

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sichuan Cancer Hospital & Institute, Sichuan Cancer Center, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610041, China.

Background: Scalp reconstruction has always been a challenging problem after oncological resection. Advanced surgical techniques can reconstruct any defects, but there are a large number of patients who cannot benefit from surgery for immature strategies. The authors here describe an algorithm for selecting the best reconstructive categories and minimizing complications according to the surgical defect of scalp tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2020.03.221DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7210181PMC

Treatment of Large and Complicated Scalp Defects with Free Flap Transfer.

Biomed Res Int 2020 10;2020:2748219. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Department of Spine and Orthopedic Trauma, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, China.

Background: Large scalp defects, especially those complicated by calvarial defects, titanium mesh exposure, or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, pose a challenge for the neurosurgeon and plastic surgeon. Here, we describe our experience of reconstructing the complex scalp defect with free flap transfer.

Methods: From October 2012 to September 2017, 8 patients underwent free flap transfer for the reconstruction of the scalp or complicated scalp and calvarial defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2748219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7199551PMC
January 2020

GIANT BASAL CELL CARCINOMA ON THE FOREHEAD AND WHY WE SHOULD PREVENT THEM - CASE REPORT.

Acta Chir Plast 2020 ;61(1-4):24-27

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most prevalent malignancy, with rising incidence worldwide. Despite its naturally slow growth and initially low metastatic potential, it can cause significant morbidity and mortality when unrecognized, inadequately treated or poorly followed up. Authors present the case of a 61-year-old male with a 7-year history of multiple incomplete excisions of a “simple” BCC on the forehead. Read More

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January 2020

Pre-expanded bipedicled visor flap: an ideal option for the reconstruction of upper and lower lip defects postburn in Asian males.

Burns Trauma 2020 23;8:tkaa005. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Reconstruction of upper and lower lip subunits is a complicated and elusive challenge. For patients affected by defects involving upper and lower lip subunits, a technique able to reconstruct both aesthetic units with matched colour, sufficient contours and similar texture would be ideal. In this study, we present our experience with upper and lower lip reconstruction using the pre-expanded bipedicled visor flap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/burnst/tkaa005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7175765PMC

The Valsalva maneuver: an indispensable physiological tool to differentiate intra versus extracranial near-infrared signal.

Biomed Opt Express 2020 Apr 2;11(4):1712-1724. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

National Institute for Health Research Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre (NIHR SRMRC), University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.

Developing near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) parameter recovery techniques to more specifically resolve brain physiology from that of the overlying tissue is an important part of improving the clinical utility of the technology. The Valsalva maneuver (VM) involves forced expiration against a closed glottis causing widespread venous congestion within the context of a fall in cardiac output. Due to the specific anatomical confines and metabolic demands of the brain we believe a properly executed VM has the ability to separate haemodynamic activity of brain tissue from that of the overlying scalp as observed by NIRS, and confirmed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/BOE.11.001712DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7173884PMC
April 2020
3.648 Impact Factor

Cranial Reconstruction Using Antibiotic-Impregnated Calcium Phosphate Bone Cement With a Titanium Mesh Sheet.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 16. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Toho, University Omori Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: The authors treated skin ulcer accompanied by cranial osteomyelitis using a combination of antibiotic-impregnated calcium phosphate bone cement (Biopex; Pentax, Tokyo, Japan) and a titanium mesh sheet (3D Mesh Plate; Bear Medic, Tokyo, Japan).

Method: A 71-year-old male was treated with superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass surgery for diffuse cerebral infarction and obstruction of the left internal carotid artery by a previous doctor. Skin necrosis and epidural abscess developed in the sutured region after surgery, and ulcer accompanied by temporal bone exposure remained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006427DOI Listing

Impact of Immediate Surgical Reconstruction Following Wide Local Excision of Malignant Head and Neck Melanoma.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Feb 24;8(2):e2661. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of California, Irvine, Orange, Calif.

Background: The role of surgical reconstruction following melanoma extirpation is well recognized. Although technical considerations depend on patient anatomy and surgeon preference, the optimal timing of reconstruction remains unclear. This study aims to evaluate clinical and oncologic outcomes in melanoma extirpation followed by immediate reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002661DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7159960PMC
February 2020

Clinical Results of Ear Elevations in Patients with Microtia Using Skin Grafts from Three Donor Sites: A Retrospective Study.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2020 Apr 16. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, No. 639, Zhi Zao Ju Rd., Shanghai, 200011, China.

Background: Skin grafts, frequently used for ear elevation in ear reconstructions, may suffer from color mismatches, scar hypertrophy, secondary contraction, and auricular sulcus depth differences. To determine the most suitable donor area, we compared the contralateral postauricular area, groin, and scalp as potential donor sites.

Methods: Since 2008, we have used three donor sites for obtaining skin grafts used in ear reconstructions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-020-01711-4DOI Listing
April 2020
1.189 Impact Factor

Rotation Flaps in Series: Simple Innovation for Complex Scalp Defects.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 7. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

A 42-year-old man presented with 2 full thickness defects in left parieto-temporal and right temporo-occipital regions with normal intervening scalp tissue. These 2 adjacent but discontinuous defects were covered in one stage with an innovative rotation flap design that provided 1 flap each for these 2 defects. This innovative flap design permitted one stage reconstruction with primary closure of the donor sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006289DOI Listing

Management of a complex scalp defect with cryopreserved placental membrane containing viable cells resulted in rapid wound closure.

Clin Case Rep 2020 Apr 6;8(4):757-760. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Osiris Therapeutics, Inc Columbia Maryland.

Reconstructive methods are most commonly used to treat scalp defects. However, patients with complex defects are often not good candidates for surgical procedures due to the severity of the wound, advanced patient age, and multiple comorbidities. In these instances, alternative nonsurgical advanced therapies should be considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7141740PMC

The Effects of Random Stimulation Rate on Measurements of Auditory Brainstem Response.

Front Hum Neurosci 2020 20;14:78. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

CAS Key Laboratory of Human-Machine Intelligence-Synergy Systems, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shenzhen, China.

Electroencephalography (EEG) signal is an electrophysiological recording from electrodes placed on the scalp to reflect the electrical activities of the brain. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) is one type of EEG signals in response to an auditory stimulus, and it has been widely used to evaluate the potential disorders of the auditory function within the brain. Currently, the ABR measurements in the clinic usually adopt a fixed stimulation rate (FSR) technique in which the late evoked response could contaminate the ABR signals and deteriorate the waveform differentiation after averaging, thus compromising the overall auditory function assessment task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2020.00078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098959PMC

Surgical Management of Deep Brain Stimulator Infection without Electrode Removal: Report of Two Cases.

J Neurol Surg Rep 2020 Jan 31;81(1):e15-e19. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume-shi, Fukuoka, Japan.

 Stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus by implanted electrodes (deep brain stimulation [DBS]) is performed to suppress symptoms of Parkinson's disease. However, postoperative wound dehiscence and infection can require removal of the implanted electrode leads. This report describes treatment of intractable unilateral wound infection in two patients without removing the DBS device. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-3399569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7108948PMC
January 2020

[Effects of anterolateral thigh free flap with fascia lata in repairing dura mater defect after resection of head squamous cell carcinoma].

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2020 Mar;36(3):219-223

Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Burn Center of PLA, Xijing Hospital, Air Force Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.

To evaluate the clinical effects of anterolateral thigh free flap with fascia lata in the repair of dura mater defect after resection of head squamous cell carcinoma. From June 2016 to June 2018, Xijing Hospital of Air Force Medical University applied the free transplantation of anterolateral thigh flap with fascia lata to repair the dura mater defect of 12 patients with head squamous cell carcinoma, including 9 males and 3 females, aged from 35 to 74 years. The size of scalp soft tissue defects in patients after carcinoma resection ranged from 12 cm×10 cm to 24 cm×21 cm, and the size of dura mater defect of patients ranged from 7 cm×6 cm to 16 cm×14 cm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn501120-20190505-00222DOI Listing

Scalp Reconstruction after Malignant Tumor Resection: An Analysis and Algorithm.

J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2020 Apr 1;81(2):149-157. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany.

 An oncologic tumor resection of the scalp can result in complex wounds that result in challenging scalp reconstructions. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of microvascular-based scalp reconstructions (MSR) in oncologic patients and to propose an algorithmic treatment approach.  Within a 5-year period, 38 patients having undergone 41 MSR (15 anterolateral thigh (ALT), 15 gracilis muscle (GM), and 11 latissimus dorsi muscle (LDM) flaps) after extensive scalp tumor resections fulfilled inclusion criteria for this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1683371DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082164PMC

Fracture-Associated Bruising and Soft Tissue Swelling in Young Children With Skull Fractures: How Sensitive Are They to Fracture Presence?

Pediatr Emerg Care 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Children's Protection Program, University of Washington, Seattle Children's Hospital.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine how reliable scalp bruising and soft tissue swelling/cephalohematomas (STS) are for underlying young child skull fractures.

Methods: This was a retrospective clinical and imaging review from 2011 to 2012 of children younger than 4 years with skull fractures from 2 tertiary care hospitals. Imaging was reread by 3 pediatric radiologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002058DOI Listing

Occipital artery island V-Y flap for the reconstruction of temporal scalp defect.

Int J Dermatol 2020 Mar 23. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.14865DOI Listing

Necrotizing fasciitis of the entire head and neck: Literature review and case report.

Biomed J 2020 Feb 27;43(1):94-98. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is uncommon but potentially lethal when it is associated with systemic disorders. We report a case of odontogenic NF in a patient with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. The patient was referred on day 10 since the onset of odontogenic NF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bj.2019.08.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7090320PMC
February 2020

An insight-related neural reward signal.

Neuroimage 2020 Jul 16;214:116757. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Moments of insight, a phenomenon of creative cognition in which an idea suddenly emerges into awareness as an "Aha!" are often reported to be affectively positive experiences. We tested the hypothesis that problem-solving by insight is accompanied by neural reward processing. We recorded high-density EEGs while participants solved a series of anagrams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116757DOI Listing

Free Flap Reconstruction of Complex Oncologic Scalp Defects in the Setting of Mesh Cranioplasty: Risk Factors and Outcomes.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Introduction: Soft-tissue reconstruction of the scalp has traditionally been challenging in oncologic patients. Invasive tumors can compromise the calvarium, necessitating alloplastic cranioplasty. Titanium mesh is the most common alloplastic material, but concerns of compromise of soft-tissue coverage have introduced hesitancy in utilization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006421DOI Listing

Extensor tendon repairing with a rolled deep temporal fascial graft and a free temporoparietal fascial flap as a gliding bed: A case report.

JPRAS Open 2020 Mar 25;23:75-79. Epub 2019 Dec 25.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dokkyo Medical University, 880 Kitakobayashi, Mibu, Shimotsuga, Tochigi 321-0293, Japan.

Reconstruction of combined skin and tendon loss in an injury of the dorsum of the hand is a challenging problem because it is required to achieve adequate excursion of the tendon. We herein report our case of extensor tendon repair for a dorsal hand injury using a rolled deep temporal fascial (DTF) graft and a free temporoparietal fascial flap. The patient regained satisfactory hand function with minimal donor site morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpra.2019.11.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7061604PMC

Treatment of CSF leakage and infections of dural substitute in decompressive craniectomy using fascia lata implants and related anatomopathological findings.

Br J Neurosurg 2020 Mar 6:1-4. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, San Giovanni-Addolorata Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is widely used to treat raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in cranial trauma and stroke. It is accompanied by numerous complications. The aim of our study is to assess the surgical treatment of infections related to the use of a dural substitute with concurrent CSF leakage performed at our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2020.1735301DOI Listing
March 2020
0.947 Impact Factor

[Exploration on the method of aesthetic repair of the donor sites of flaps].

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2020 Feb;36(2):97-105

Department of Burns, Beijing Jishuitan Hosptial, Beijing 100035, China.

To explore the excellent methods for aesthetic repair of the donor sites of flaps. From January 2013 to March 2018, 120 patients (94 males and 26 females, aged from 3 to 60 years) were admitted to the Department of Burns of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. Wounds areas after debridement or removing scar were ranged from 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1009-2587.2020.02.004DOI Listing
February 2020

The Effect of Expertise on Kinesthetic Motor Imagery of Complex Actions.

Brain Topogr 2020 03 28;33(2):238-254. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Department of Psychology, Neuro-MI, Milan Center for Neuroscience, University of Milano - Bicocca, Milan, Italy.

The ability to mentally simulate an action by recalling the body sensations relative to the real execution is referred to as kinesthetic motor imagery (MI). Frontal and parietal motor-related brain regions are generally engaged during MI. The present study aimed to investigate the time course and neural correlates of complex action imagery and possible effects of expertise on the underlying action representation processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10548-020-00760-xDOI Listing

Pediatric Tissue Expansion: Predictors of Premature Expander Removal in a Single Surgeon's Experience with 472 Expanders.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Mar;145(3):755-762

Baltimore, Md.; Shrewsbury, N.J.; and Chicago, Ill. From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine; the Institute for Advanced Reconstruction; and the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Northwestern Memorial Hospital.

Background: Tissue expansion is used for soft-tissue reconstruction in pediatric patients. The expansion process can be complicated by infection and extrusion, leading to premature expander removal. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with premature expander removal caused by infection or extrusion in pediatric patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000006550DOI Listing

The "Snail Flap": A Rotation Flap in Scalp Reconstruction.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Jan 24;8(1):e2599. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002599DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7015595PMC
January 2020

[Giant trichilemmal carcinoma of the retroauricular: a case report].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2020 Jan;34(1):83-85

The trichilemmal carcinoma is a rare tumor that usually occurs on sun-exposed skin, especially on the face, scalp, neck and back of hands, mainly in elderly subjects but commonly between the 4th and 9th decades of life. We report a case of giant trichilemmal carcinoma. A 65-year-old man presented with a 5-year history of a slowly developing mass arising from his right retroauricular region, with local destruction of the auricle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2020.01.020DOI Listing
January 2020

Autologous Micrografts from Scalp Tissue: Trichoscopic and Long-Term Clinical Evaluation in Male and Female Androgenetic Alopecia.

Biomed Res Int 2020 27;2020:7397162. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Institute of Dermatology, F. Policlinico Gemelli IRCSS, Università Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy.

Tissue engineering in hair regrowth aims to develop innovative and not-invasive procedures to advance the hair regrowth. A placebo-controlled, randomized, evaluator-blinded, half-head group study to compare hair regrowth with micrografts containing human hair follicle mesenchymal stem cells (HF-MSCs) vs. placebo was reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7397162DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7007958PMC
January 2020

Overlapping connectivity patterns during semantic processing of abstract and concrete words revealed with multivariate Granger Causality analysis.

Sci Rep 2020 Feb 18;10(1):2803. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Laboratory for Neuro- and Psychophysiology, Department of Neurosciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract, unlike concrete, nouns refer to notions beyond our perception. Even though there is no consensus among linguists as to what exactly constitutes a concrete or abstract word, neuroscientists found clear evidence of a "concreteness" effect. This can, for instance, be seen in patients with language impairments due to brain injury or developmental disorder who are capable of perceiving one category better than another. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-59473-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7028761PMC
February 2020

Extensive scalp ulcer secondary to delusional infestation treated with antipsychotics and scalp reconstruction.

Br J Dermatol 2020 Jun 12;182(6):e185. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Dermatology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjd.18885DOI Listing

[Tissue expansion in child's burn reconstruction. Management principles and eleven years retrospective study of 42 patients].

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2020 Apr 8;65(2):131-140. Epub 2020 Feb 8.

Centre des brûlés de Lyon Pierre-Colson, hôpital Edouard-Herriot, 5, place d'Arsonval, 69003 Lyon, France; Service de chirurgie plastique esthétique et reconstructrice, hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, 103, grande rue de la Croix-Rousse, 69004 Lyon, France.

Purpose: With constraints and a risk of complication, tissue expansion in child's burn sequelae need a controlled surgical procedure, and a therapeutic plan appropriate to the specific pediatric healing, growth, and development.

Material And Methods: Our principles of management and technical points are described. A retrospective study of tissue expansion in child's burn sequelae between 2005 and 2016 is submitted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anplas.2020.01.001DOI Listing

Hostile Scalp Wound Reconstruction Using Acellular Dermal Matrix for Soft Tissue Augmentation.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 May/Jun;31(3):e309-e312

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

The use of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) is well established in scalp burn reconstruction. However, its application in at-risk patients and hostile scalp wounds remains controversial and only described in the pediatric setting. This study aims to describe the pre-operative factors leading to the decision to use ADM in adult patients undergoing complex scalp reconstruction, and to describe the postoperative outcomes including wound breakdown and need for reoperation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006170DOI Listing
February 2020

Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging-aided Diagnosis of Primary Essential Cutis Verticis Gyrata: A Case Report with 5-year Follow-up and Review of the Literature.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2019 ;15(9):906-910

Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Cutis Verticis Gyrata (CVG) is a rare skin disease caused by overgrowth of the scalp, presenting as cerebriform folds and wrinkles. CVG can be classified into two forms: primary (essential and non-essential) and secondary. The primary non-essential form is often associated with neurological and ophthalmological abnormalities, while the primary essential form occurs without associated comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405614666181005113448DOI Listing
January 2019

Laser hair removal following forehead flap for nasal reconstruction.

Lasers Med Sci 2020 Feb 1. Epub 2020 Feb 1.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Aesthetic Medical Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taipei, Taiwan.

The forehead flap is a dependable option for nasal reconstruction owing to its reliability and anatomic likeness to nasal skin. For patients with low hairlines, the vertical design of the paramedian forehead flap can intrude into the scalp, thus incorporating hair into the nasal reconstruction. The inadequate length of the forehead flap or shift to an oblique design may result in eyebrow elevation and asymmetry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10103-020-02965-9DOI Listing
February 2020

Reconstruction following Excision of Malignant Scalp Tumors with Split Thickness Skin Graft with and without Acellular Dermal Matrix: A Comparative Study.

J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2019 Oct-Dec;12(4):203-211

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are the most common malignancies, which occur on the scalp. There are various therapeutic methods for managing these malignancies in which the standard treatment method of both is surgical excision with a good margin. Sometimes, the patients need full-thickness excision due to the deep invasion, so exposing the underlying calvarium may be a challenge for surgeons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_96_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6967162PMC
February 2020

Application of Superficial Temporal Artery Flap in Wound Repairing After the Resection of Craniofacial Malignant Tumors.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 Mar/Apr;31(2):534-537

Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery and Vascular Biology Lab, Jinling Hospital.

Background And Objective: Craniofacial malignant tumors require not only extended resection but also appropriate reconstruction to restore appearance, which remains a major challenge. Here the authors introduced the application of superficial temporal artery (STA) flap in wound repairing after the resection of craniofacial malignant tumors.

Methods: From January 2015 to December 2018, 16 patients with craniofacial malignant tumors were enrolled into the study, including squamous cell carcinoma (n = 6), basal cell carcinoma (n = 3), melanoma (n = 4), neuroendocrine carcinoma (n = 2), and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberance (n = 1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006222DOI Listing
January 2020
0.676 Impact Factor

Dual vascular free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap for hemifacial reconstruction in a vessel-depleted neck.

Arch Plast Surg 2020 Jan 15;47(1):88-91. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common skin malignancy. This report describes the case of an unusual extensive SCC involving the whole hemiface, which required reconstruction with a combination of a dual vascular free transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap and a skin graft. A 79-year-old woman visited our hospital with multiple large ulcerated erythematous patches on her right hemiface, including the parieto-temporal scalp, bulbar and palpebral conjunctiva, cheek, and lip. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5999/aps.2019.00927DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6976761PMC
January 2020

Restoration of Bilateral Cranial Defects by Hybridization of Microvascular Free Flaps and Artificial Bones.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2019 Sep 30;7(9):e2428. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan.

Although treatment methods for cranial reconstruction have significantly improved over the past decades, patients having potentially negative influences, such as a history of infection, epidural dead space, or inadequate scalp, remain at high risk of postoperative failure from implant infection and exposure necessitating removal. A 41-year-old male patient sustained severe craniofacial injuries in a traffic accident. Cranioplasty with titanium mesh implants failed due to implant infection, leading to implant removal and debridement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002428DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6908372PMC
September 2019

Reconstruction of Congenital Cranial Defect Using Autologous Bone Graft in Aplasia Cutis Congenita.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 May/Jun;31(3):e245-e247

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Medical School of Chonbuk National University.

Many methods have been devised to repair cranial defects. Here, we report the use of a simple technique for the repair of a congenital cranial defect associated with aplasia cutis congenita (ACC).A newborn baby at 39 weeks of gestation was consulted with a scalp and cranial defect at the vertex measuring 3 × 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006175DOI Listing
January 2020

Cultured Epidermal Autograft for Total Scalp Reconstruction in a Neonate Following Necrotizing Fasciitis.

Ann Plast Surg 2020 Jan 8. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

Division of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, TX.

Necrotizing fasciitis in the pediatric population is a particularly difficult diagnostic and management challenge. Options for soft tissue reconstruction of wounds following surgical debridement have been historically limited, yet recent advancements in bioengineered tissue and matrices have introduced alternative methods of treatment for these patients. We present a case of neonatal necrotizing fasciitis of the scalp requiring full-thickness surgical debridement, which was successfully reconstructed using Epicel cultured epidermal autograft (CEA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000002235DOI Listing
January 2020

The superficial temporal artery: A meta-analysis of its prevalence and morphology.

Clin Anat 2020 Jan 2. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Kraków University, Kraków, Poland.

Introduction: The superficial temporal artery (STA) is a terminal branch of the external carotid artery. It supplies the regions of scalp and face. The morphometrical data concerning STAs are not consistent; therefore, in this systemic review and meta-analysis, we aimed in this to provide an up-to-date data on its anatomic features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23550DOI Listing
January 2020

Early discharge after free-tissue transfer does not increase adverse events.

Am J Otolaryngol 2020 Mar - Apr;41(2):102374. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Cleveland Clinic, Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Introduction: Demonstrate that carefully selected free flap patients may be discharged early after surgery without increasing the rates of postoperative complications or readmissions.

Methods: Based on a published article in Laryngoscope 2016 of 51 free-tissue transfers, a retrospective chart review was performed on an expanded cohort who underwent free-tissue transfer for head and neck reconstruction between February 2010 and May 2018 and discharged by postoperative day 3.

Results: 101 patients who underwent 104 free flaps with average age of 56 (3-84) years old were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.102374DOI Listing
December 2019

Progressive Scalp Thinning Over Mesh Cranioplasty and the Role of Lipotransfer.

Laryngoscope 2019 Dec 28. Epub 2019 Dec 28.

Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.A.

Objectives: To evaluate the role of lipotransfer in progressive scalp thinning following titanium mesh cranioplasty.

Methods: Retrospective review of single surgeon, single tertiary referral experience of all patients who underwent mesh cranioplasty. Patient demographics, prior radiotherapy, frequency and timing of scalp thinning, and treatment course data were obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.28463DOI Listing
December 2019