34,833 results match your criteria Scalp Reconstruction
J Glaucoma 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Glaucoma and anterior segment, Dr. Shroff's charity eye hospital, Delhi.
Ectodermal dysplasia is a disorder that occurs due to abnormalities of ectodermal structures such as skin, teeth, hair, nails, and eccrine glands. Approximately 200 different conditions have been identified as ectodermal dysplasia, the most common being hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). It is characterized by hypotrichosis (sparse scalp or body hair), hypodontia (absent or malformed teeth) and hypohidrosis (reduced ability to sweat). Read More
Front Neurosci 2018 27;12:867. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Center for Human-Machine Collaboration, Information and Systems Sciences Laboratory, HRL Laboratories, LLC, Malibu, CA, United States.
Sleep is critically important to consolidate information learned throughout the day. Slow-wave sleep (SWS) serves to consolidate declarative memories, a process previously modulated with open-loop non-invasive electrical stimulation, though not always effectively. These failures to replicate could be explained by the fact that stimulation has only been performed in open-loop, as opposed to closed-loop where phase and frequency of the endogenous slow-wave oscillations (SWOs) are matched for optimal timing. Read More
Nat Sci Sleep 2018 19;10:385-396. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Sleep and Ventilation Unit, Royal Brompton Campus, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London, UK,
Objectives: Detecting sleep latency during the Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) using electroencephalogram (scalp-EEG) is time-consuming. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a novel in-ear sensor (in-ear EEG) to detect the sleep latency, compared to scalp-EEG, during MSLT in healthy adults, with and without sleep restriction.
Methods: We recruited 25 healthy adults (28. Read More
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018 20;11:591-602. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Dr. August Wolff GmbH & Co. KG Arzneimittel, Bielefeld, Germany,
Background: Pruritus reduces quality of life and may occur at different sites of the body. To alleviate pruritus, lipid replenishing and rehydration of the skin is often unsatisfactory. Thus, products with additional antipruritic effects are needed. Read More
Epileptic Disord 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
Seizures and other electrophysiological disturbances are an under-recognized cause of coma, focal deficits, and prolonged encephalopathy following subdural hematoma evacuation. In these patients, it is possible that seizures remain unrecognized on scalp EEG. It has been shown that a high burden of seizures and other electrophysiological disturbances exist following surgical evacuation and underlie the encephalopathy commonly seen in this patient population, predisposing them to medical complications and confounding estimates of prognosis. Read More
Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2018 Nov 29;283:34-44. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Chemin des Mines 9, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, USA.
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic disorder (IPV-PTSD) on child appraisal of emotion, as measured by high-density electroencephalography (HD-EEG) during an Emotional Face-matching Task (EFMT). We recorded HD-EEG in 47 children of mothers with and without IPV-PTSD during an Emotional Face-matching Task (EFMT). Mothers and children each performed the EFMT. Read More
Clin Neurophysiol 2018 Nov 26;130(1):128-137. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Epilepsy Centre, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address:
Objective: High frequency oscillations (HFO) between 80-500 Hz are markers of epileptic areas in intracranial and maybe also scalp EEG. We investigate simultaneous recordings of scalp and intracranial EEG and hypothesize that scalp HFOs provide important additional clinical information in the presurgical setting.
Methods: Spikes and HFOs were visually identified in all intracranial scalp EEG channels. Read More
J Neurosci Methods 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, 53100, Rize, Turkey. Electronic address:
Background: The input signals of electroencephalography (EEG) based brain computer interfaces (BCI) are extensively acquired from scalp with a multi-channel system. However, multi-channel signals might contain redundant information and increase computational complexity. Furthermore, using only effective channels, rather than all channels, may enhance the performance of the BCI in terms of classification accuracy (CA). Read More
Int J Psychophysiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK. Electronic address:
Ongoing, pre-stimulus oscillatory activity in the 8-13 Hz alpha range has been shown to correlate with both true and false reports of peri-threshold somatosensory stimuli. However, to directly test the role of such oscillatory activity in behaviour, it is necessary to manipulate it. Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) offers a method of directly manipulating oscillatory brain activity using a sinusoidal current passed to the scalp. Read More
Neuron 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA; Computation and Neural Systems Program, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA; Department of Neurology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Center for Neural Science and Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address:
Humans can self-monitor errors without explicit feedback, resulting in behavioral adjustments on subsequent trials such as post-error slowing (PES). The error-related negativity (ERN) is a well-established macroscopic scalp EEG correlate of error self-monitoring, but its neural origins and relationship to PES remain unknown. We recorded in the frontal cortex of patients performing a Stroop task and found neurons that track self-monitored errors and error history in dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) and pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA). Read More
Neuroimage Clin 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Center for Developmental Psychiatry, Department of Neurosciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Leuven Autism Research (LAuRes), KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:
Background: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are characterized by impairments in social communication and interaction. Although difficulties at processing social signals from the face in ASD have been observed and emphasized for many years, there is a lot of inconsistency across both behavioral and neural studies.
Methods: We recorded scalp electroencephalography (EEG) in 23 8-to-12 year old boys with ASD and 23 matched typically developing boys using a fast periodic visual stimulation (FPVS) paradigm, providing objective (i. Read More
Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 3;90:93-98. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
IRCCS "NEUROMED", Pozzilli, IS, Italy; Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report long-term seizure outcome in patients who underwent frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) surgery.
Method: This retrospective study included 44 consecutive subjects who underwent resective surgery for intractable FLE at IRCCS NEUROMED (period 2001-2014), followed up for at least 2 years (mean: 8.7 years). Read More
Neuroimage 2018 Dec 3;188:26-42. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-3), Research Centre Jülich, 52425, Jülich, Germany; Department of Neurology, University Hospital Cologne, 50924, Cologne, Germany.
Neurophysiological accounts of human volition are dominated by debates on the origin of voluntary choices but the neural consequences that follow such choices remain poorly understood. For instance, could one predict whether or not an action was chosen voluntarily based only on how that action is motorically executed? We investigated this possibility by integrating scalp electroencephalograms and index-finger accelerometer recordings acquired while people chose between pressing a left or right button either freely or as instructed by a visual cue. Even though freely selected and instructed actions were executed with equal vigor, the timing of the movement to release the button was comparatively delayed for freely selected actions. Read More
J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
The Department of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Onco-Hematology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Institute - Oncology Center, Gliwice Branch, Gliwice, Poland.
The scalp is a potential location for both benign and malignant tumors. Lymphoproliferative diseases can involve the skin as a primary or secondary manifestation. Dermoscopy is a noninvasive diagnostic tool for rapid diagnosis, screening, and follow-up of the majority of skin tumors. Read More
Case Rep Oncol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):742-750. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Hematology/Oncology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA.
Background: Esophageal cancer (EC) with unexpected metastasis (UM) to unusual sites have been increasingly reported. EC with metastasis in general has a very high mortality and morbidity rate, and those with UM to unusual sites present another specific field that needs to be further studied in order to understand and manage the presentation. An extensive systematic review was recently completed regarding this field which identified characteristics and findings concerning patients with EC with UM sites. Read More
Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Objective: To report a rare case of maculopapular rash on the scalp in a patient with Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF).
Clinical Presentation And Intervention: A 58-year-old woman with breast cancer and chemotherapy-induced alopecia contracted MSF. Her clinical features were typical, except for a maculopapular rash covering the scalp. Read More
Neuroimage 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Epilepsy Unit - Neurology Dept. Hospital del Mar - Parc de Salut Mar, Barcelona, Spain; IMIM - Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain.
Several models have been proposed to explain brain regional and interregional communication, the majority of them using methods that tap the frequency domain, like spectral coherence. Considering brain interareal communication as binary interactions, we describe a novel method devised to predict dynamics and thus highlight abrupt changes marked by unpredictability. Based on a variable-order Markov model algorithm developed in-house for data compression, the prediction error connectivity (PEC) estimates network transitions by calculating error matrices (EMs). Read More
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Dermatology Department, Ramón y Cajal Hospital, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
Background: Daylight photodynamic therapy (dlPDT) is a painless and increasingly cost-effective treatment for actinic keratosis (AK). New protocols avoid incubation minimizing pain and adverse events. However, it is time-consuming and dependent on specific weather conditions. Read More
J Vis Exp 2018 Nov 18(141). Epub 2018 Nov 18.
Neurosciences Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences;
Transcranial photobiomodulation is a potential innovative noninvasive therapeutic approach for improving brain bioenergetics, brain function in a wide range of neurological and psychiatric disorders, and memory enhancement in age-related cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases. We describe a laboratory protocol for transcranial photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) in mice. Aged BALB/c mice (18 months old) are treated with a 660 nm laser transcranially, once daily for 2 weeks. Read More
J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Plastic Surgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.
The paramedian forehead flap is a workhorse flap for reconstructing the nose and periorbital regions. Many variants are described including an islanded flap. However, eyebrow reconstruction is not usually performed with these flaps. Read More
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Objective: The coupling between neuronal populations and its magnitude have been shown to be informative for various clinical applications. One method to estimate functional brain connectivity is with electroencephalography (EEG) from which the cross-spectrum between different sensor locations is derived. We wish to test the efficacy of tensor factorisation in the estimation of brain connectivity. Read More
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):481-483
Consultant Dermatologist, "Pranab", Ismile, Asansol, West Bengal, India.
In the early and mid-nineteenth century Europe, ringworm of the scalp was a vexing problem. It affected children in such numbers that the famous Hôpital Saint-Louis of Paris had a separate Tinea School. Before advent of radiation method of epilation, painful method of peeling was the mainstay of management. Read More
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):448-451
Department of Dermatology, Seth G.S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Schopf-Schulz-Passarge syndrome (SSPS) is a rare type of ectodermal dysplasia that has autosomal recessive inheritance. It is characterized by palmoplantar keratoderma, hypodontia, hypotrichosis, nail dystrophy, and multiple periocular and eyelid apocrine hidrocystomas. A 36-year-old male presented with multiple eyelid and periocular apocrine hidrocystomas, ichthyosis, palmoplantar keratoderma, hypodontia, nail dystrophy, and thin scalp hair. Read More
Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):243-246
Department of Plastic Surgery, Apollo Hospitals, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Total scalp avulsion injury with cervical spine injury is rare. This article is to describe the technical difficulties and precautions to be taken during anatomical replantation. The patients with cervical spine injury should not be considered as an absolute contraindication for anatomical replant if patients are fit for general anaesthesia. Read More
Lancet HIV 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Division of HIV, Infectious Diseases and Global Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is highly protective against HIV infection. We report a case of tenofovir-susceptible, emtricitabine-resistant HIV acquisition despite high adherence to daily PrEP.
Methods: Adherence to PrEP was assessed by measuring concentrations of emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or their metabolites in plasma, dried blood spots, and hair. Read More
Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2018 Dec 3:9922818816421. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
1 University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.
Background: Prior reports on large congenital melanocytic nevi (LCMN) do not provide a clear management approach to physicians to advise parents or patients. Whether the presence of a halo around the nevus can guide management has not been fully explored.
Design: Children born with an LCMN were observed without active intervention. Read More
PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0207452. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Foreign accents have been shown to have considerable impact on how language is processed . However, the impact of a foreign accent on semantic processing is not well understood. Conflicting results have been reported by previous event-related potential (ERP) studies investigating the impact of foreign-accentedness on the N400 effect elicited by semantic violations. Read More
J Neurophysiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
University of Nottingham, United Kingdom.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over human primary somatosensory cortex (S1), unlike over primary motor cortex (M1), does not produce an immediate, objective output. Researchers must therefore rely on one or more indirect methods to position the TMS coil over S1. The 'gold standard' method of TMS coil positioning is to use individual functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging (F/SMRI) alongside a stereotactic navigation system. Read More
JAMA Dermatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
Importance: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most frequent malignant neoplasm found in solid organ transplant recipients and is associated with a more aggressive disease course and higher risk of metastasis and death than in the general population.
Objectives: To report the clinicopathologic features of and identify factors associated with aggressive SCC in solid organ transplant recipients.
Methods: This retrospective multicentric case series included 51 patients who underwent solid organ transplantation and were found to have aggressive SCC, defined by nodal or distant metastasis or death by local progression of primary SCC. Read More
Georgian Med News 2018 Oct(283):7-10
Kharkov Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Ukraine.
The problem of treating patients with loss of the skin and with a complicated course of the wound process remains topical. The problem is that, despite the relative technical simplicity of the dermatension method, the most significant complication is the decubitus of the stretchable flap, which is associated with a relatively high incidence of acute blood circulatory disturbances in the stretch tissues due to vascular compression with an excessive amount of injected fluid. The aim of the work is to improve the method of dermatension in reconstructive and recovery surgery of soft tissue defects of various genesis by planning and implementing dermatension at all its steps with instrumental control of the process using ultrasound and ICT in a complex. Read More
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Neurosurgery, Trauma Center Murnau, Professor-Küntscher Straße 8, 82418, Murnau, Germany.
Background: Decompressive craniectomy is a commonly performed procedure. It reduces intracranial pressure, improves survival, and thus might have a positive impact on several neurosurgical diseases and emergencies. Sometimes primary skin closure is not possible due to cerebral herniation or extensive skin defects. Read More
Brain Cogn 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
Loyola University Chicago, Department of Psychology, 1032 W Sheridan Rd., Chicago, IL 60660, United States.
Analogy is an important ability that allows humans to discover relationships between information domains that often vary in surface and relational characteristics. Cognitive neuroscience studies of analogy have demonstrated the importance of the prefrontal cortex during relational comparisons, but little is known about how semantic and relational similarity interact throughout its time course. We used scalp electroencephalography (EEG) analyzed with event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine the neural time course of analogical reasoning while 16 participants solved four-term verbal analogies. Read More
Psychoneuroendocrinology 2018 Nov 29;102:53-57. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Montessorilaan 3, 6525 HR, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:
Background: Research suggests that it may be more stressful for children to grow up in an urban area than in a rural area. Urbanicity may affect physiological stress system functioning as well as the timing of sexual maturation. The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether moderate urbanicity (current and childhood, ranging from rural areas to small cities) was associated with indices of long-term hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis functioning (cortisol, cortisone, dehydroepiandrosterone and progesterone levels) and whether sex moderated any associations. Read More
J Cogn Neurosci 2018 Dec 4:1-19. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
University Hospital Centre and University of Lausanne.
In real-world environments, information is typically multisensory, and objects are a primary unit of information processing. Object recognition and action necessitate attentional selection of task-relevant from among task-irrelevant objects. However, the brain and cognitive mechanisms governing these processes remain not well understood. Read More
Brain Topogr 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Functional Brain Mapping Lab, Department of Fundamental Neurosciences, University of Geneva, Campus Biotech, Chemin des Mines 9, 1202, Geneva, Switzerland.
In the last decade, the use of high-density electrode arrays for EEG recordings combined with the improvements of source reconstruction algorithms has allowed the investigation of brain networks dynamics at a sub-second scale. One powerful tool for investigating large-scale functional brain networks with EEG is time-varying effective connectivity applied to source signals obtained from electric source imaging. Due to computational and interpretation limitations, the brain is usually parcelled into a limited number of regions of interests (ROIs) before computing EEG connectivity. Read More
JAAD Case Rep 2018 Nov 14;4(10):1059-1061. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
JAAD Case Rep 2018 Nov 14;4(10):1055-1058. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
Department of Dermatology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.
Seizure 2018 Nov 24;64:8-15. Epub 2018 Nov 24.
Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, United States; Neurology care line, VA Houston Medical Center, Houston, TX 77030, United States.
Purpose: To determine if simultaneous bilateral scalp EEG (scEEG) can accurately detect a contralateral seizure onset in patients with unilateral intracranial EEG (IEEG) implantation.
Methods: We evaluated 39 seizures from 9 patients with bitemporal epilepsy who underwent simultaneous scEEG and IEEG (SSIEEG). To simulate conditions of unilateral IEEG implantation with a missed contralateral seizure onset, we analyzed the IEEG recording contralateral to the seizure onset (CL- IEEG), in conjunction with simultaneous scEEG. Read More
J Drugs Dermatol 2018 Nov;17(11):1236-1240
We investigated a subtype of Telogen Effluvium associated with Dysesthesia, (TED) which was defined as the presence of Telogen Effluvium with severe itch, pain, soreness, burning, or formication in the absence of any inflammatory scalp disorder or medication associated with Telogen Effluvium or Dysesthesia. These are patients who present with a “burning” scalp or other dysesthesia associated with increased telogen hair shedding. Telogen Effluvium is not typically associated with any scalp symptoms. Read More
J Skin Cancer 2018 4;2018:2624054. Epub 2018 Oct 4.
Department of Pathology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid, Jordan.
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cancer affecting humans. It almost has no tendency for metastasis; however it can be destructive to surrounding tissue. Patients with darker skin colors have lower risk of developing skin cancers and the clinical characteristics may differ from populations with lighter skin colors. Read More
Explore (NY) 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
Department of Chinese Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung 83301, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Integrated Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, Research Center for Chinese Medicine & Acupuncture, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan. Electronic address:
Background: To summarize the clinical efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in the treatment of dermatologic events resulting from epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors according to our experience of ten patients.
Methods: Four males and six females, 35-73 years old, mainly with acneiform rash associated with EGFR inhibitors on the face, scalp, perineum, four limbs, and upper trunk, were treated at our traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) clinic in 2016 and 2017. CHM was prescribed thrice daily for 3. Read More
Cutis 2018 Oct;102(4):291-294
Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine/Largo Medical Center, Florida, USA.
Nevus sebaceus (NS)(organoid nevus) is a benign follicular neoplasm that commonly occurs on the scalp, face, or neck. With time, it may give rise to benign or malignant tumors such as trichoblastoma, syringocystadenoma papilliferum, and basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Rarely, other types of neoplasms may develop. Read More
JAAPA 2018 Dec;31(12):27-28
Elena Elefteriou-Kokolis practices at the Hippocratic Medical Center in Tarpon Springs, Fla. Randy Danielsen is dean and a professor at the Arizona School of Health Sciences at A.T. Still University in Mesa, Ariz. Rodamanthos Nicholas Kokolis practices at the Hippocratic Medical Center. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
An apocrine adenocarcinoma of the scalp is a rare diagnosis in internal medicine. The article reviews the pathophysiology of the diagnosis and new, nonsurgical treatment options including radiation therapy and topical chemotherapy treatments. Read More
Diagn Cytopathol 2018 Nov;46(11):981-982
Department of Lab Medicine, Fortis Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, , India.
World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.
Department of Functional Neurosurgery, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
Background: Bitemporal epilepsy (BTLE) is a specific anatomo-electro-clinical phenotype in the spectrum of temporal lobe epilepsy. The diagnosis of BTLE and the evaluation of the degree of seizure lateralization in BTLE patients are greatly influenced by the duration of EEG recording and the number of recorded habitual seizures.
Case Description: A 25-year-old female patient had a 5-year history of seizures. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Nov 27;8(1):17417. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Plateau Brain Science Research Center, South China Normal University/Tibet University, Guangzhou, 510631/Lhasa 850012, China.
High altitude (HA) exposure reduces the behavioral response to visual attention and the neural basis is still largely unclear. The present study explored the stimulus-driven and goal-directed factors that are hidden within this attentional behavior impairment via a visual search paradigm in young immigrants in Tibet by recording event-related potential (ERPs). We found that HA explosure significantly slowed the stimulus-driven behaviors instead of the goal-directed behaviors. Read More