34,988 results match your criteria Scalp Anatomy


Molecular characterization and antifungal susceptibility profile of dermatophytes isolated from scalp dermatophyte carriage in primary school children in Arak city, Center of Iran.

J Mycol Med 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Infectious Diseases Research Center (IDRC), Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. Electronic address:

Objective: Asymptomatic carriage is a condition of positive dermatophyte scalp culture without signs and symptoms of tinea capitis. Carriers are the source of dermatophytes that are able to transfer fungal agents to other people. The aim of this study was evaluating asymptomatic dermatophyte scalp carriage among students of primary schools in Arak city. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mycmed.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019

Scalp basal cell carcinoma: a different entity?

Dermatol Ther 2019 Jan 18:e12828. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto, Alameda Prof. Hernani Monteiro, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal.

Basal cell carcinoma is the most frequent malignant neoplasm in white-skinned individuals. It develops in different body areas, including in the scalp, which is a unique anatomical region due to the high number of pilosebaceous follicles; the scalp is protected from UV exposure, a main risk factor for basal cell carcinoma development. Moreover, scalp basal cell carcinoma has been described as more aggressive and difficult to treat than other forms of basal cell carcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dth.12828DOI Listing
January 2019

Does non-activated platelet-rich plasma (PRP) enhance fat graft outcome? An assessment with 3D CT-scan in mice.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, University Hospitals of Geneva and Faculty of Medicine, 4 Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil, 1211 Geneva 14, University of Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: The adjunction of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is emerging as a promising approach to enhance the long-term survival of fat grafting, but there are still insufficient data on its efficacy. The aim of this in vivo study was to assess the effect of the addition of non-activated PRP on fat graft outcome.

Methods: Human adipose tissue mixed with 20% of non-activated PRP was injected under the scalp skin of nude Balb/cAnNRj mice and compared to grafted fat mixed with 20% of saline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2018.12.039DOI Listing
January 2019

Effect of Size and Location of Nevi on Postoperative Pain and Emergence Agitation in Children Undergoing Nevi Excision.

J Clin Med 2019 Jan 17;8(1). Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon 164, Korea.

Congenital melanocytic nevi need surgical excisions. However, the effect of the size and location of the nevi on pain and emergence agitation have yet to be studied. The objective of this study was to evaluate (1) the ideal parameter of the nevus size and (2) the effects of the size and location of the nevus on pain and emergence agitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010106DOI Listing
January 2019

Lipoblastoma of the scalp in a child.

Cutis 2018 Dec;102(6):E10-E12

Section of Dermatology, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA.

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December 2018

Lipoedematous scalp.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Dermatology, Hospital de Cabuenes, Gijón, Asturias, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ced.13882DOI Listing
January 2019

Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia with clinical pictures of keratoacanthoma: A rare case report.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Jan 4;7(1):189-192. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Sanglah General Public Hospital Denpasar Indonesia.

Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia (ALHE) is a benign tumor of the skin which may mimic other benign or malignant lesion of the skin. Practitioners should consider this diagnosis as a differential when encounter such lesion as papule or nodule on the face and scalp area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.1949DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332754PMC
January 2019

Delayed Presentations to Emergency Departments of Children With Head Injury: A PREDICT Study.

Ann Emerg Med 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Study Objective: Existing clinical decision rules guide management for head-injured children presenting 24 hours or sooner after injury, even though some may present greater than 24 hours afterward. We seek to determine the prevalence of traumatic brain injuries for patients presenting to emergency departments greater than 24 hours after injury and identify symptoms and signs to guide management.

Methods: This was a planned secondary analysis of the Australasian Paediatric Head Injury Rule Study, concentrating on first presentations greater than 24 hours after injury, with Glasgow Coma Scale scores 14 and 15. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01960644183148
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.11.035DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Non-invasive monitoring of subclinical and clinical actinic keratosis of face and scalp under topical treatment with ingenolmebutate gel 150 mcg/gby means of reflectance confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography: new perspectives and comparison of diagnostic techniques.

J Biophotonics 2019 Jan 17:e201800391. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, University Hospital Munich, Munich, Germany.

Actinic keratosis (AKs) corresponds to the earliest stage of in-situ squamous cell carcinoma and arises on chronically sun-exposed skin. Around the clinically evident AKs, the apparently healthy epidermis may contain different grades of atypia that can be detected by non-invasive imaging techniques such as reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Subclinical actinic keratosis (sAKs) have captured increasing interest as a potential target of field therapies. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jbio.201800391
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbio.201800391DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The utility of Jerk-locked back averaging technique in diagnosis of generalized myoclonic epilepsy with normal scalp EEG: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(3):e14185

Department of Neurology, Department of Neurology and Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, 71, Xinmin Street, Changchun, P. R. China.

Rationale: The diagnosis of myoclonic epilepsy and the classification of generalized or partial type may be challenging, especially when the scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) is normal. In such situation, how to apply another electrophysiological technique to begin the diagnosis and classification? The utility of Jerk-locked back averaging technique has been described in our case.

Patient Concerns: A Chinese patient (male, 21 years old) presented with frequent unilateral or bilateral shoulder-jerking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014185DOI Listing
January 2019

Photobiomodulation Preconditioning Prevents Cognitive Impairment in a Neonatal Rat Model of Hypoxia-ischemia.

J Biophotonics 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Laboratory of Laser Sports Medicine, College of Physical Education and Sports Science, South China Normal University, University Town, Guangzhou, GD, China.

Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) injury caused by oxygen deprivation is the most common cause of mortality and severe neurologic deficits in neonates. The present work evaluated the preventative effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) preconditioning, and its underlying mechanism of action on brain damage in a HI model in neonatal rats. According to the optimal time response of ATP levels in brain samples removed from normal rats, a PBM preconditioning regimen (808 nm CW laser, 1 cm spot, 100 mW/cm , 12 J/cm ) was delivered to the scalp 6 hours before HI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbio.201800359DOI Listing
January 2019

Novel Hemicraniectomy Technique for Malignant Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction: Technical Note.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor Scott & White Health, Scott and White Medical Center, Temple, Texas.

Background And Importance: Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DH) is the mainstay of treatment for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMI). Although this operation significantly reduces mortality and improves functional outcomes, the conventional technique involves a reverse question mark incision starting anterior to the tragus that can injure the scalp's major blood supply, the superficial temporal artery (STA), which increases the risk of postoperative complications.

Clinical Presentation: We developed a modified DH technique to reduce surgical morbidity associated with injury to the STA, accommodate a large bone window for effective decompression, and improve operative speed. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ons/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ons
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy399DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Efficacy and safety of 308-nm excimer lamp in the treatment of scalp psoriasis: a retrospective study.

Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Division of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Scalp psoriasis is a major therapeutic challenge due to the hindrance caused by hair. Treatment with the 308-nm excimer lamp is purported to provide many benefits over conventional phototherapy. This retrospective study evaluates the efficacy, safety, and effective dosage of 308-nm excimer light in the treatment of scalp psoriasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/phpp.12448DOI Listing
January 2019

Extensive Forehead Swelling Including the Periorbital Area in a Child: A Rare Manifestation of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

Cureus 2018 Nov 3;10(11):e3539. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences/Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, MYS.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) manifestations in a child are varied. We report a unique and rare presentation of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a child who presented with frontal swelling involving bilateral upper lids. A previously healthy one-year-old girl presented with progressively increasing frontal swelling of seven months duration. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/13293-extensive-forehead-swe
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3539DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318090PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Psoriasis in special localizations.

Reumatologia 2018 23;56(6):392-398. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Department of Dermatology, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of the Interior, Warsaw, Poland.

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis affecting 1-3% of the general population. Patients with psoriasis represent a heterogeneous population with individual disease expression - different degrees and severity of skin involvement. Psoriatic lesions in particular localizations such as the face, scalp, intertriginous or palmoplantar areas significantly reduce quality of life. Read More

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https://www.termedia.pl/doi/10.5114/reum.2018.80718
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/reum.2018.80718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330687PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Quantification of Hair Follicles in the Scalp in Mexican Mestizo Population.

Skin Appendage Disord 2018 Nov 22;5(1):27-31. Epub 2018 May 22.

Dermatopathology Department, "Dr. Manuel Gea González" General Hospital, Mexico City, Mexico.

Introduction: There are no reports of the density of hair follicles in the scalp of Mexican mestizo population, necessitating the determination of normal references values for this population compared with other ethnic groups.

Objective: To determine the average hair follicle count on the scalp in Mexican mestizo population.

Materials And Methods: A total of 50 scalp samples (25 men and 25 women) from Mexican mestizo individuals aged between 19 and 60 years, with no clinical evidence of hair disease, obtained by biopsy punch at General Hospital "Dr. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488782DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323384PMC
November 2018

Trichoscopy of Dark Scalp.

Skin Appendage Disord 2018 Nov 18;5(1):1-8. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Dermatology, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA.

Trichoscopy (dermoscopy of the hair and scalp) is a technique that improves diagnostic accuracy and follow-up with hair and scalp disorders. Although several studies of trichoscopy have been made in Caucasian and Asian populations, little has been published regarding trichoscopy findings in skin of color, despite the great prevalence of hair diseases in populations with this kind of skin. The aim of this review was to describe the trichoscopic features of normal scalp and of hair disorders in patients with dark skin phototypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488885DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323385PMC
November 2018

Hailey-Hailey-Like Pattern of Acantholysis on the Scalp Should Raise the Possibility of Incipient Pemphigus Vulgaris.

Am J Dermatopathol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Ackerman Academy of Dermatopathology, New York, NY.

Hailey-Hailey disease (familial benign chronic pemphigus) is a genodermatosis with a typical clinical presentation of macerated plaques involving intertriginous areas of the body and affects multiple family members. Epidermal acanthosis, incipient, and completed acantholysis of many of the spinous keratinocytes of the epidermis and foci of dyskeratosis are well-recognized histologic findings. We have observed solitary lesions on the "scalp" of patients having a Hailey-Hailey-like pattern, and not the suprabasilar clefting of pemphigus represents the first manifestation of pemphigus vulgaris, which was confirmed with direct immunofluorescence in all our patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DAD.0000000000001298DOI Listing
January 2019

Dickkopf-1 Expression in Androgenetic Alopecia and Alopecia Areata in Male Patients.

Am J Dermatopathol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Dermatology and Venereology and.

Background: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) results from shortening of the anagen phase of the hair cycle and, subsequently, miniaturization of hair follicles. Alopecia areata (AA) is a disease of autoimmunity where T cells attack anagen hair follicles and shows multifactorial etiology. Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) is a gene that is responsible for transformation of anagen to catagen, which suggests that it is involved in development of both diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DAD.0000000000001266DOI Listing
January 2019

Spatial-Temporal Discriminative Restricted Boltzmann Machine for Event-related Potential Detection and Analysis.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Detecting event-related potential (ERP) is a challenging problem because of its low signal-to-noise ratio and complex spatial-temporal features. Conventional detection methods usually rely on the ensemble averaging technique, which may eliminate subtle but important information in ERP signals and lead to poor detection performance. Inspired by the good performance of discriminative restricted Boltzmann machine (DRBM) in feature extraction and classification, we propose a spatial-temporal DRBM (ST-DRBM) to extract spatial and temporal features for ERP detection. Read More

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https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8611394/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNSRE.2019.2892960DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Non-scarring Alopecias in Iranian Patients: A Histopathological Study With Hair Counts.

Iran J Pathol 2018 12;13(3):317-324. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Molecular Dermatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background And Objective: Non-scarring alopecia is a challenge in the diagnosis and treatment, rarely studied in Asian countries.The current study aimed at evaluating histopathological features including hair count of different subtypes of non-scarring alopecia in Iranian patients.

Methods: The current study was conducted on 114 cases diagnosed with non-scarring alopecia in Molecular Dermatology Research Center and Pathology Department of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322526PMC
September 2018

The iTClamp in the treatment of prehospital craniomaxillofacial injury: a case series study.

J Inj Violence Res 2018 Jan 12;11(1). Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Department of Surgery, Foothills Medical Center, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada. Email:

Background: Craniomaxillofacial (CMF) injuries are very common in both civilian and military settings. Nearly half of all civilian trauma incidents include a scalp laceration and historical rates of CMF battle injuries increased from 16%-21% to 42.2%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5249/jivr.v11i1.917DOI Listing
January 2018

Safety and effects on motor cortex excitability of five anodal transcranial direct current stimulation sessions in 24hours.

Neurophysiol Clin 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, University "G. d'Annunzio", via L. Polacchi 11, 66100 Chieti, Italy. Electronic address:

Background And Objective: Application parameters of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for therapeutic purposes are relatively restricted. The aim of this study was to assess safety and effects on motor cortex excitability of an intensive anodal-tDCS protocol.

Methods: In 26 healthy subjects, five 15-minute anodal-tDCS sessions were delivered, at increasing time intervals, over 24hours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neucli.2018.12.003DOI Listing
January 2019

Preparing to Stop Action Increases Beta Band Power in Contralateral Sensorimotor Cortex.

J Cogn Neurosci 2019 Jan 11:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

University of California, San Diego.

How do we prepare to stop ourselves in the future? Here, we used scalp EEG to test the hypothesis that people prepare to stop by putting parts of their motor system (specifically, here, sensorimotor cortex) into a suppressed state ahead of time. On each trial, participants were cued to prepare to stop one hand and then initiated a bimanual movement. On a minority of trials, participants were instructed to stop the cued hand while continuing quickly with the other. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_01373DOI Listing
January 2019

Trichoscopic signs in systemic lupus erythematosus: a comparative study with 109 patients and 305 healthy controls.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Division of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Hair and scalp involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can manifest as scarring alopecia, non-scarring alopecia or scalp/hair shaft changes without apparent hair loss. While trichoscopic signs in chronic cutaneous lupus are well estabished, data on SLE patients with normal-looking or non-scarring scalp are limited.

Objectives: To investigate trichoscopic features of SLE patients without chronic cutaneous scalp lesions and compare the findings with normal controls, as well as determine which feature associates with systemic disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15421DOI Listing
January 2019
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Methyl aminolevulinate daylight-photodynamic therapy applied at home for non-hyperkeratotic actinic keratosis of the face or scalp: an open, interventional study conducted in Germany.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Dept. of Dermatology and Allergology, Klinikum Vest GmbH, Recklinghausen, Germany.

Background: The efficacy and safety of methyl aminolevulinate daylight photodynamic therapy (MAL DL-PDT) for actinic keratosis (AK) treatment has previously been demonstrated in several studies.

Objective: To evaluate patient reported outcomes, effectiveness and tolerability of patient self-applied MAL DL-PDT.

Patients And Methods: An open study was conducted in Germany in patients with thin or non-hyperkeratotic and non-pigmented AK. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15422DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Face Transplantation for Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (Wegener Granulomatosis): Technical Considerations, Immunological Aspects, and 3-Year Posttransplant Outcome.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Orthopedics, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL.

Background: We report new data for a rare face transplant performed 3 years ago. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener) is a severe autoimmune necrotizing vasculitis and parenchymal inflammatory disease that can affect any organ including those of the craniofacial region. Skin involvement manifests as malignant pyoderma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001735DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Socio-Emotional and Cognitive Development in Intrauterine Growth Restricted (IUGR) and Typical Development Infants: Early Interactive Patterns and Underlying Neural Correlates. Rationale and Methods of the Study.

Front Behav Neurosci 2018 18;12:315. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Developmental Psychology and Socialization, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is defined as a fetal growth retardation, resulting in an estimated fetal weight less than the 10th centile for gestational age. IUGR developing brain is affected by the atypical fetal growth, presenting altered structure and connectivity and increased risk for neurodevelopmental impairments. Behaviorally, IUGR infants show reduced responsiveness and engagement with human faces during mother-child exchanges. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00315
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6315186PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Effects of 5-HTTLPR genotype and cognitive rumination on long-term cortisol reactivity measured in human hair.

Stress 2019 Jan 10:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

a Department of Neuropsychology & Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience , University Maastricht , Maastricht , The Netherlands.

Ample experimental and associative studies have shown that carrying two short (S) alleles of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) contributes to an increased vulnerability for stress and related affective disorders. Recent findings indicate that this relationship might become even more profound when also possessing a negative ruminative (stress-related) thinking style. However, previous studies on the relationship among 5-HTTLPR, stress, and stress-responsiveness almost exclusively measured salivary cortisol concentrations during exposure to a single acute (laboratory) stressor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10253890.2018.1553945DOI Listing
January 2019

Scalp metastasis from occult primary breast carcinoma: A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Womens Dermatol 2018 Dec 8;4(4):230-235. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Skin Research Center, Department of Dermatology, Razi hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Background: Isolated distant cutaneous metastasis of breast carcinoma is uncommon. Furthermore, isolated metastasis of the scalp seems to be very rare in breast cancer.

Case Presentation: A 44-year-old woman was referred to our dermatology department with concerns of a firm, painless, immobile, hardened, skin-colored mass fixed to the underlying tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijwd.2018.08.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322159PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Female pattern hair loss: A clinical, pathophysiologic, and therapeutic review.

Int J Womens Dermatol 2018 Dec 19;4(4):203-211. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Section of Dermatology, Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Italy.

Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is the most common form of alopecia in women. Affected women may experience psychological distress and impaired social functioning. Early diagnosis and initiation of treatment are desirable because treatments are more effective to avoid the progression of hair loss than stimulating regrowth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijwd.2018.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322157PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Successful management of recurrent adenoid cystic carcinoma in the deep infratemporal fossa by maxillo-orbito-zygomatic approach.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2019 Jan 6. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery. Electronic address:

Objective: In the case of deep invasion of an infratemporal fossa (ITF) tumor, surgeons find it difficult to gain sufficient visualization and working space by conventional surgical approaches. To overcome these limitations, we have developed a novel surgical technique, maxillo-orbito-zygomatic (MOZ) approach, by combining partial lateral maxillectomy with the conventional orbito-zygomatic approach.

Methods: A 63-year-old male presented with the fifth recurrent adenoid-cystic carcinoma in the right deep ITF. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03858146183026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2018.12.010DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Automated Source Estimation of Scalp EEG Epileptic Activity Using eLORETA Kurtosis Analysis.

Neuropsychobiology 2019 Jan 9:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

Objectives: eLORETA (exact low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography) is a technique created by Pascual-Marqui et al. [Int J Psychophysiol. 1994 Oct; 18(1): 49-65] for the 3-dimensional representation of current source density in the brain by electroencephalography (EEG) data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495522DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Pre-conditioning with Remote Photobiomodulation Modulates the Brain Transcriptome and Protects Against MPTP Insult in Mice.

Neuroscience 2019 Jan 6. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Bosch Institute, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia; Discipline of Physiology, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Electronic address:

Transcranial photobiomodulation (PBM), which involves the application of low-intensity red to near-infrared light (600-1100 nm) to the head, provides neuroprotection in animal models of various neurodegenerative diseases. However, the absorption of light energy by the human scalp and skull may limit the utility of transcranial PBM in clinical contexts. We have previously shown that targeting light at peripheral tissues (i. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064522193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.12.050DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Human scalp evoked potentials related to the fusion between a sound source and its simulated reflection.

PLoS One 2019 9;14(1):e0209173. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China.

The auditory system needs to fuse the direct wave (lead) from a sound source and its time-delayed reflections (lag) to achieve a single sound image perception. This lead-lag fusion plays crucial roles in auditory processing in reverberant environments. Here, we investigated neural correlates of the lead-lag fusion by tracking human cortical potentials evoked by a break in the correlation (BIC) between the lead and lag when the time delay between the two was 0, 2, or 4 ms. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209173PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326413PMC
January 2019

A multicenter survey of temporal changes in chemotherapy-induced hair loss in breast cancer patients.

PLoS One 2019 9;14(1):e0208118. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Integrated Science and Engineering for Sustainable Society, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: Many breast cancer patients suffer from chemotherapy-induced hair loss. Accurate information about temporal changes in chemotherapy-induced hair loss is important for supporting patients scheduled to receive chemotherapy, because it helps them to prepare. However, accurate information, on issues such as the frequency of hair loss after chemotherapy, when regrowth starts, the condition of regrown hair, and the frequency of incomplete hair regrowth, is lacking. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208118PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326423PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

A Multi-View Deep Learning Framework for EEG Seizure Detection.

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform 2019 Jan;23(1):83-94

The recent advances in pervasive sensing technologies have enabled us to monitor and analyze the multi-channel electroencephalogram (EEG) signals of epilepsy patients to prevent serious outcomes caused by epileptic seizures. To avoid manual visual inspection from long-term EEG readings, automatic EEG seizure detection has garnered increasing attention among researchers. In this paper, we present a unified multi-view deep learning framework to capture brain abnormalities associated with seizures based on multi-channel scalp EEG signals. Read More

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https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8470079/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JBHI.2018.2871678DOI Listing
January 2019
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Non-trigeminal nociceptive innervation of the posterior dura: implications to occipital headache.

J Neurosci 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston MA 02115.

Current understanding of the origin of occipital headache falls short of distinguishing between cause and effect. Most preclinical studies involving trigeminovascular neurons sample neurons that are responsive to stimulation of dural areas in the anterior 2/3 of the cranium and the periorbital skin. Hypothesizing that occipital headache may involve activation of meningeal nociceptors that innervate the posterior 1/3 of the dura, we sought to map the origin and course of meningeal nociceptors that innervate the posterior dura overlying the cerebellum. Read More

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http://www.jneurosci.org/lookup/doi/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2153-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2153-18.2018DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Effects of Visual Predictive Information and Sequential Context on Neural Processing of Musical Syntax.

Front Psychol 2018 13;9:2528. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Music, Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States.

The early right anterior negativity (ERAN) in event-related potentials (ERPs) is typically elicited by syntactically unexpected events in Western tonal music. We examined how visual predictive information influences syntactic processing, how musical or non-musical cues have different effects, and how they interact with sequential effects between trials, which could modulate with the strength of the sense of established tonality. The EEG was recorded from musicians who listened to chord sequences paired with one of four types of visual stimuli; two provided predictive information about the syntactic validity of the last chord through either musical notation of the whole sequence, or the word "regular" or "irregular," while the other two, empty musical staves or a blank screen, provided no information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02528DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300505PMC
December 2018

Epileptic Seizure Detection Based on EEG Signals and CNN.

Front Neuroinform 2018 10;12:95. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

College of Information and Computer Science, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, China.

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects approximately fifty million people according to the World Health Organization. While electroencephalography (EEG) plays important roles in monitoring the brain activity of patients with epilepsy and diagnosing epilepsy, an expert is needed to analyze all EEG recordings to detect epileptic activity. This method is obviously time-consuming and tedious, and a timely and accurate diagnosis of epilepsy is essential to initiate antiepileptic drug therapy and subsequently reduce the risk of future seizures and seizure-related complications. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fninf.2018.00095
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fninf.2018.00095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295451PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Multimodal Modeling of Neural Network Activity: Computing LFP, ECoG, EEG, and MEG Signals With LFPy 2.0.

Front Neuroinform 2018 18;12:92. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Recordings of extracellular electrical, and later also magnetic, brain signals have been the dominant technique for measuring brain activity for decades. The interpretation of such signals is however nontrivial, as the measured signals result from both local and distant neuronal activity. In volume-conductor theory the extracellular potentials can be calculated from a distance-weighted sum of contributions from transmembrane currents of neurons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fninf.2018.00092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305460PMC
December 2018

Analytic Tools for Post-traumatic Epileptogenesis Biomarker Search in Multimodal Dataset of an Animal Model and Human Patients.

Front Neuroinform 2018 20;12:86. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, USC Stevens Neuroimaging and Informatics Institute, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Epilepsy is among the most common serious disabling disorders of the brain, and the global burden of epilepsy exerts a tremendous cost to society. Most people with epilepsy have acquired forms of the disorder, and the development of antiepileptogenic interventions could potentially prevent or cure epilepsy in many of them. However, the discovery of potential antiepileptogenic treatments and clinical validation would require a means to identify populations of patients at very high risk for epilepsy after a potential epileptogenic insult, to know when to treat and to document prevention or cure. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fninf.2018.00086
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fninf.2018.00086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307529PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Semantic Features Reveal Different Networks During Word Processing: An EEG Source Localization Study.

Front Hum Neurosci 2018 13;12:503. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Laboratory for Neuro- and Psychophysiology, Department of Neurosciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

The neural principles behind semantic category representation are still under debate. Dominant theories mostly focus on distinguishing concrete from abstract concepts but, in such theories, divisions into categories of concrete concepts are more developed than for their abstract counterparts. An encompassing theory on semantic category representation could be within reach when charting the semantic attributes that are capable of describing both concept types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00503DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300518PMC
December 2018

μ-Rhythm Extracted With Personalized EEG Filters Correlates With Corticospinal Excitability in Real-Time Phase-Triggered EEG-TMS.

Front Neurosci 2018 13;12:954. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Neurology & Stroke, and Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Ongoing brain activity has been implicated in the modulation of cortical excitability. The combination of electroencephalography (EEG) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in a real-time triggered setup is a novel method for testing hypotheses about the relationship between spontaneous neuronal oscillations, cortical excitability, and synaptic plasticity. For this method, a reliable real-time extraction of the neuronal signal of interest from scalp EEG with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is of crucial importance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2018.00954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300584PMC
December 2018

Erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp: a neutrophilic folliculitis within the spectrum of neutrophilic dermatoses. A clinicopathologic study of thirty cases.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Clinical-Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Science, Institute of Dermatology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Background: It is general opinion that histopathology is nonspecific and of little value in diagnosing erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp (EPDS).

Objectives: Clinicopathologic correlation of erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp.

Methods: The clinical and pathological records of patients with a clinicopathologic diagnosis of EPDS, between 2011-2016, at the Dermatopathology Unit of the Turin University were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2018.10.029DOI Listing
October 2018
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Kerion mimicking an erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp.

G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2019 Feb;154(1):96-98

Unit of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Umberto I Hospital, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0392-0488.17.05673-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Coding-in-Noise Deficits are Not Seen in Responses to Amplitude Modulation in Subjects with cochlear Synaptopathy Induced by a Single Noise Exposure.

Neuroscience 2019 Jan 4;400:62-71. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Otolaryngology Research Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China; School of Communication Sciences and Disorder, Dalhousie University, Halifiax, Canada. Electronic address:

Since the first report of noise-induced synaptic damage in animals without permanent threshold shifts (PTSs), the concept of noise-induced hidden hearing loss (NIHHL) has been proposed to cover the functional deficits in hearing associated with noise-induced synaptopathy. Moreover, the potential functional deficit associated with the noise-induced synaptopathy has been largely attributed to the loss of auditory nerve fibers (ANFs) with a low spontaneous spike rate (SSR). As this group of ANFs is critical for coding at suprathreshold levels and in noisy background, coding-in-noise deficit (CIND) has been considered to be main consequence of the synaptopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.12.048DOI Listing
January 2019

Preferred Experience of Modifications to Emergency Surgical Treatment for Total Scalp Avulsion With Halo-Vest Head Ring and Quick Hair Removing.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

Background: Total scalp avulsion is a fairly rear but severe soft tissue injury. Even with microsurgical replantation, the survival rate is still low. In this study, the authors incorporated 2 main modifications (Halo-Vest head ring and quick hair removing) and assessed the surgical outcomes versus those of traditional replantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005120DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads
0.676 Impact Factor

Secondary Reconstruction of Calvarial Defects by Using Free Flap: Report of Consecutive Cases and Analysis of Strategy.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 29. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Plastic and Burn Surgery Department, FX Michelet Center.

Introduction: Multiplication of incisions and/or radiotherapy on the scalp, lead to skin necrosis and chronic osteitis. In this situation, reconstructive surgery can be useful to cover complex lack of tissue.

Materials And Methods: The 5 patients were treated with the neurosurgery department of our hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005099DOI Listing
December 2018
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Characteristic findings by phototrichogram in southern Chinese women with Female pattern hair loss.

Skin Res Technol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Dermatology, the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, China.

Objectives: To investigate the characteristics of hairs in Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) patients and healthy females in Southern China.

Materials And Methods: Three fundamental hair parameters in different scalp areas of 90 Southern Chinese FPHL patients and 83 healthy controls were analyzed by phototrichogram.

Results: Female pattern hair loss patients showed reduced hair density, hair diameter, and terminal/vellus hair ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/srt.12672DOI Listing
January 2019