35,276 results match your criteria Scalp Anatomy


The concept of nail matrix onychodermis (onychomatricodermis) in the nail unit: Histology and elastin immunohistochemistry.

J Cutan Pathol 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Dermpath Diagnostics New York, Port Chester, NY, USA.

Backgrounds: We previously demonstrated the presence of onychodermis below nail matrix and nail bed. Because nail matrix is a producer of nail plate, we hypothesized that onychodermis below nail matrix could be the nail counterpart of follicular dermal papilla. In this study, we sought to further characterize histologic, histochemical and immunohistochemical features of nail matrix onychodermis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cup.13460DOI Listing

Werner's Syndrome: Understanding the Phenotype of Premature Aging-First Case Described in Colombia.

Case Rep Genet 2019 12;2019:8538325. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Human Genetics Institute, School of Medicine, Pontifical Xavierian University, Bogotá, Colombia.

Werner's syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease, which is mainly characterized by scleroderma-like skin changes, juvenile cataracts, short stature, and signs of premature aging. We report a case of a 48-year-old male patient, who presents with cardinal signs of WS including high-pitched voice, sclerotic skin lesions mainly on feet, premature greying of scalp hair, bilateral cataracts, and "bird-like" facial appearance. In addition, the patient presents other clinical characteristics observed in patients with WS such as short stature, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypogonadism, parental consanguinity, and a history of a sibling with similar clinical characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8538325DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390251PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Interaction Effects of Life Events and Hair Cortisol on Perceived Stress, Anxiety, and Depressive Symptoms Among Chinese Adolescents: Testing the Differential Susceptibility and Diathesis-Stress Models.

Front Psychol 2019 5;10:297. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

College of Foreign Studies, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, China.

The differential susceptibility model and the diathesis-stress model on the interaction effect between the individuals' traits and environmental factors will be conducive to understand in depth whether the psychophysiological traits are the risk factors of child development. However, there is no study focusing on the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. We examined whether the HPA activity serves as a physiological marker of the differential susceptibility model or the diathesis-stress model by exploring the interactive effect of life events and hair cortisol on perceived stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among Chinese adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00297DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411789PMC

On the Use of Hair Analysis for Assessing Arsenic Intoxication.

Authors:
Sidney A Katz

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Mar 18;16(6). Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Chemistry Faculty, Rutgers University, Camden, NJ 08102, USA.

Correlations between the concentrations of arsenic in scalp hair and in drinking water as well as in blood and/or urine have been reported. These correlations clearly show exposure⁻absorption⁻excretion relationships. In addition, arsenic metabolites such as monomethylarsonic acid and dimethylarsinic acid have been identified and quantified in these tissues and fluids, leaving little doubt that elevated levels of arsenic in the hair can reflect systemic arsenic intoxication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060977DOI Listing

Possible giant cell arteritis symptoms are common in newly diagnosed patients with Polymyalgia Rheumatica: results from an incident primary care PMR cohort.

BMC Rheumatol 2017 13;1. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

1Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Primary Care Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG UK.

Background: To examine the frequency of possible giant cell arteritis (GCA) symptoms (including headache, temporal/scalp tenderness, jaw claudication and visual symptoms) in newly diagnosed polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) patients in UK primary care.

Methods: The PMR Cohort Study is a primary care inception cohort of 652 adults with newly diagnosed polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). At baseline, participants were asked to report (yes/no) on the presence of seven potential GCA symptoms: sudden headache, tender scalp, disturbed/double vision, jaw claudication, fever, appetite loss and unintentional weight loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41927-017-0007-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390563PMC
December 2017

Electroconvulsive therapy for treatment-resistant schizophrenia.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Mar 19;3:CD011847. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

General Adult Psychiatry, Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, Bassetlaw Hospital, Worksop, South Yorkshire, UK, S81 0BD.

Background: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) involves the induction of a seizure by the administration of an electrical stimulus via electrodes usually placed bilaterally on the scalp and was introduced as a treatment for schizophrenia in 1938. However, ECT is a controversial treatment with concerns about long-term side effects such a memory loss. Therefore, it is important to determine its clinical efficacy and safety for people with schizophrenia who are not responding to their treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011847.pub2DOI Listing

Donor Harvesting: Follicular Unit Excision.

J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2018 Oct-Dec;11(4):195-201

Rejuvenate Hair Transplant Centre, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.

FUE or follicular unit excision is one of the methods for hair follicle harvesting in hair transplantation. FUE involves harvesting hairs from the donor area, under local anesthesia which is most commonly the scalp but occasionally beard, chest and other parts of the body, using a circular punch less than a mm, mounted on a manual handle or a motorized hand device or more recently a robotic device. First hair transplant was done by Dr Shoji Okuda in 1937. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_123_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371717PMC

Electromyographic reactivity measured with scalp-EEG contributes to prognostication after cardiac arrest.

Resuscitation 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Neurology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Aim: To assess whether stimulus-induced modifications of electromyographic activity observed on scalp EEG have a prognostic value in comatose patients after cardiac arrest.

Methods: 184 adult patients from a multi-centric prospective register who underwent an early EEG after cardiac arrest were included. Auditory and somatosensory stimulation was performed during EEG-recording. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.03.014DOI Listing

On-scalp MEG system utilizing an actively shielded array of optically-pumped magnetometers.

Neuroimage 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, Aalto University School of Science, FI-00076, Aalto, Finland; Aalto NeuroImaging, Aalto University, FI-00076, Aalto, Finland.

The spatial resolution of magnetoencephalography (MEG) can be increased from that of conventional SQUID-based systems by employing on-scalp sensor arrays of e.g. optically-pumped magnetometers (OPMs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.03.022DOI Listing

Reliable Head Bandage.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Dermatology - Hospital Santa Casa de Curitiba, Praça Rui Barbosa, 694. Curitiba - Paraná State - Brazil, 80010-030.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2019.03.018DOI Listing

Rapid and automatic discrimination between facial expressions in the human brain.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Developmental Ethology and Cognitive Psychology Group, Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Inra, AgroSup Dijon, F-21000, Dijon, France. Electronic address:

Automatic responses to brief expression changes from a neutral face have been recently isolated in the human brain using fast periodic visual stimulation (FPVS) coupled with scalp electroencephalography (EEG). Based on these observations, here we isolate specific neural signatures for the rapid categorization of each of 5 basic expressions, i.e. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The Association between Mineral and Trace Element Concentrations in Hair and the 10-Year Risk of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in Healthy Community-Dwelling Elderly Individuals.

Nutrients 2019 Mar 15;11(3). Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Family Medicine, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Daegu 41404, Korea.

This cross-sectional analysis included 137 Korean subjects aged 60⁻79 years. All subjects underwent anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests. Scalp hair samples were obtained from each individual, the concentrations of 36 minerals and trace elements were analyzed, and 16 ratios of elements were calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11030637DOI Listing

Distribution of atopic dermatitis lesions in United States adults.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: The distribution of atopic dermatitis (AD) lesions and its impact on quality of life (QOL) is not well-established in the US adult population.

Objective: To elucidate the distribution of AD lesions and its impact on QOL in US adults with AD.

Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based study of 602 adults was performed. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jdv.15574
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15574DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Optical Characterisation of Zinc Pyrithione.

Photochem Photobiol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia and Basil Hetzel Institute for Translational Health Research, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000, Australia.

Zinc pyrithione is ubiquitous in commercial products particularly anti-dandruff shampoos. For the efficacy of zinc pyrithione therapeutic cleansers to be assessed accurately, the distribution of particles on the scalp needs to be visualized. Currently, no technique is available which provides the chemical specificity and sensitivity required. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/php.13100DOI Listing

Subcutaneous ossifying fibromyxoid tumor of the scalp: a potential importance of CT, MRI, and PET/CT on the diagnosis.

Int J Dermatol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.14431DOI Listing

Intra-extracranial primary clear cell sarcoma: the first report and review of the literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China. Electronic address:

Background: Clear cell sarcoma (CCS) is a rare malignant soft tissue tumor with poor prognosis due to metastasis and insensitive response to chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Methods And Results: We first searched PubMed and Embase using the terms "clear cell sarcoma", "malignant melanoma of soft tissue", "head", and "neck". In the 15 articles selected for literature review, only 27% (4/15) of patients were diagnosed with primary CCS of the head. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.216DOI Listing

Current accuracy of surface matching compared to adhesive markers in patient-to-image registration.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Departmesnt of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Internal Postage G03.124, PO-box 85500, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Object: In the past, the accuracy of surface matching has been shown to be disappointing. We aimed to determine whether this had improved over the years by assessing application accuracy of current navigation systems, using either surface matching or point-pair matching.

Methods: Eleven patients, scheduled for intracranial surgery, were included in this study after a power analysis had shown this small number to be sufficient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-019-03867-8DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Results of the first national human biomonitoring in Slovenia: Trace elements in men and lactating women, predictors of exposure and reference values.

Int J Hyg Environ Health 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

'Jožef Stefan' Institute, Department of Environmental Sciences, Ljubljana, Slovenia; 'Jožef Stefan' International Postgraduate School, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

The first national human biomonitoring in Slovenia surveyed cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), arsenic (As), manganese (Mn), selenium (Se), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) in a childbearing population (18-49 years) selected from lactating primiparous women and men (N = 1084). The overall aim was to estimate trace elements' levels and geographical variations in order to identify sources of possible exposures and set the national reference values. The study population was selected evenly from 12 study areas across Slovenia, including rural, urban and known or potentially contaminated environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2019.02.008DOI Listing

Corrigendum to "Simultaneous scalp EEG improves seizure lateralization during unilateral intracranial EEG evaluation in temporal lobe epilepsy" [Seizure 64 January (2019) 8-15].

Seizure 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, United States; Neurology Care Line, VA Houston Medical Center, Houston, TX, 77030, United States.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Hyperspectral near-infrared spectroscopy assessment of the brain during hypoperfusion.

J Biomed Opt 2019 Mar;24(3):1-6

St. Michael's Hospital, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Two-thirds of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, who survive to hospital admission, die in the hospital from neurological injuries related to cerebral hypoperfusion. Therefore, noninvasive real-time monitoring of the cerebral oxygen metabolism in cardiac arrest patients is extremely important. Hyperspectral near-infrared spectroscopy (hNIRS) is a noninvasive technique that measures concentrations of the key chromophores in the brain, such as oxygenated hemoglobin, deoxygenated hemoglobin, and cytochrome C oxidase (CCO), an intracellular marker of oxygen consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.24.3.035007DOI Listing

Frequency-Following Responses to Complex Tones at Different Frequencies Reflect Different Source Configurations.

Front Neurosci 2019 26;13:130. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

The neural generators of the frequency-following response (FFR), a neural response widely used to study the human auditory system, remain unclear. There is evidence that the balance between cortical and subcortical contributions to the FFR varies with stimulus frequency. In this study, we tried to clarify whether this variation extended to subcortical nuclei at higher stimulus frequencies where cortical sources were inactive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402474PMC
February 2019

Multi-Resolution Graph Based Volumetric Cortical Basis Functions from Local Anatomic Features.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Objective: Modern clinical MRI collects millimeter scale anatomic information, but scalp electroencephalography (EEG) source localization (ESL) is ill-posed, and cannot resolve individual sources at that resolution. Dimensionality reduction in the space of cortical sources is needed to improve computational and storage complexity. Surface based cortical source models allow scalable complexity, but volumetric methods still employ simplistic grid coarsening that eliminates fine scale anatomic structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2019.2904473DOI Listing

Chronic non-scarring scalp folliculitis. Retrospective 34 case-series study.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada, Madrid, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2019.02.065DOI Listing

Large single cutaneous metastasis of colon adenocarcinoma mimicking a squamous cell carcinoma of the skin: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 7;56:96-100. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Multidisciplinary Department of Medical and Dental Specialties, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Plastic Surgery Unit, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Metastases represent one of the most outstanding characteristics of malignant neoplasms and are relatively rare in the skin, in spite of the great extension of the cutaneous organs. Development of cutaneous metastases from colon cancer is a rare event, usually occurring in widely disseminated disease and commonly leading to a poor prognosis. As to location, cutaneous metastases often favor areas close to the primary malignancy, such as lung cancer and skin metastases on the trunk. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612193010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.02.043DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Fibro Dysplasia Ossificans Progressiva.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2019 Jan-Mar;31(1):123-126

Department of Surgery, Military Hospital Rawalpindi, National University of Medical Sciences Pakistan.

We present a case of 7 years old boy with a very rare debilitating autosomal dominant disorder characterized by heterotopic ossification. Fibro dysplasia ossificans progressiva affects 1 in 2 million individuals with only 2 previous cases reported from this region. The disease manifests as multiple foci of bone formation in muscles, fasciae, tendons and ligaments often triggered by trauma. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Intraoperative Flash Visual Evoked Potential Recording and Relationship to Visual Outcome.

Can J Neurol Sci 2019 Mar 14:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery,The Ottawa Hospital,Ottawa, ON,Canada.

Objective: To determine the relationship between intraoperative flash visual evoked potential (FVEP) monitoring and visual function.

Methods: Intraoperative FVEPs were recorded from electrodes placed in the scalp overlying the visual cortex (Oz) after flashing red light stimulation delivered by Cadwell LED stimulating goggles in 89 patients. Restrictive filtering (typically 10-100 Hz), optimal reject window settings, mastoid reference site, total intravenous anesthetic (TIVA), and stable retinal stimulation (ensured by concomitant electroretinogram [ERG] recording) were used to enhance FVEP reproducibility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/cjn.2019.4DOI Listing

Clinical features of sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy in relation to the seizure-onset zone: A review of 135 surgically treated cases.

Epilepsia 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Neurosciences, Center for Epilepsy Surgery "C. Munari,", Hospital Niguarda, Milan, Italy.

Objectives: Sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy (SHE), formerly nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, is characterized by abrupt and typically sleep-related seizures with motor patterns of variable complexity and duration. They seizures arise more frequently in the frontal lobe than in the extrafrontal regions but identifying the seizure onset-zone (SOZ) may be challenging. In this study, we aimed to describe the clinical features of both frontal and extrafrontal SHE, focusing on ictal semiologic patterns in order to increase diagnostic accuracy. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/epi.14690
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.14690DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Laser-assisted drug delivery for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia: ablative laser fractional photothermolysis to enhance cutaneous topical delivery of platelet-rich plasma - with or without concurrent bimatoprost and/or minoxidil.

Authors:
Philip R Cohen

Dermatol Online J 2019 Feb 15;25(2). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

San Diego Family Dermatology, National City, California.

Platelet-rich plasma, which contains numerous growth factors that promote hair growth, is a nonsurgical treatment available for patients with androgenetic alopecia. However, neither the quantity nor the location and depth of platelet-rich plasma placement in the scalp is uniform; in addition, multiple painful injections are required. Vertical uniform channels from the skin surface into the dermis, created by ablative laser fractional photothermolysis, can be used to enhance the cutaneous delivery of medications. Read More

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February 2019
6 Reads

Treatment of Large Scars in Children Using Artificial Dermis and Scalp Skin Grafting.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery and Vascular Biology Lab, Jinling Hospital.

Background And Objectives: Large scars formed after burns injury can seriously hamper appearance and function in children. Surgical resection of scars and secondary skin or flap grafting often brings severe damages to donor sites, which may lead to physiological and psychological development disorders in children. Here, we introduce the use of artificial dermis and skin grafts from scalps to treat large scars in children to minimize the donor site morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005381DOI Listing
March 2019
0.676 Impact Factor

A case of woolly hair nevus, multiple linear pigmentation, and epidermal nevi with somatic HRAS p.G12S mutation.

Pediatr Dermatol 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Biochemistry, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Woolly hair nevus is a rare syndrome that presents as woolly hair in restricted areas of the scalp and may be associated with pigmented macules or epidermal nevus on the body. Here, we report a case of woolly hair nevus, linear pigmentation, and multiple epidermal nevi with a somatic HRAS c.34G>A(p. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13783DOI Listing

Free Tissue Reconstruction of the Scalp.

Semin Plast Surg 2019 Feb 8;33(1):67-71. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas.

Reconstruction of scalp defects can be accomplished by many methods, but larger defects, especially those in which the periosteum is absent or calvarial defects are present, require free tissue transfer. Various methods of scalp reconstruction, as guided by the defect components and size, are presented herein, with a focus on free tissue transfer. Different free flaps for scalp reconstructed are described with a comparison of their advantages and disadvantages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1678470DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408242PMC
February 2019

A case of aggressive recurrent intracranial subdural hematoma associated with angiosarcoma originating from the skull.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan.

Background: Angiosarcoma often arises as a cutaneous disease in the scalp and the face; however, subdural hematoma (SDH) associated with angiosarcoma is extremely rare.

Case Description: A 72-year-old woman, who had visited our hospital with gait disorder and progressive consciousness disturbance approximately 3 months after a minor head injury. Initially, on reviewing the results of imaging studies, she was diagnosed with traumatic chronic SDH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.168DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Solitary hard plaque on scalp with pustules: An unusual case of secondary osteoma cutis.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.253505DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Painful Scalp Nodules on an Active-Duty Sailor.

J Spec Oper Med 2019 ;19(1):128-129

Lesions of the scalp can present a challenging differential diagnosis to the primary care provider, especially in remote military settings where specialist care is not immediately available. Scalp lesions can be painful and disfiguring, and cause duty limitations if they interfere with the donning of personal protective equipment such as helmets, hardhats, or firefighting gear. We present a case of dissecting scalp cellulitis on an active- duty Navy Sailor who was leaving on an extended underway period on his ship the next day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/DOI Listing
January 2019

Self-Interest Induces Counter- Empathy at the Late Stage of Empathic Responses to Others' Economic Payoffs.

Front Psychol 2019 25;10:372. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, School of Psychology, Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

Previous studies have found that individuals exhibit empathic responses when others are treated unfairly. However, there remains a lack of clarity over the extent to which self-interest regulates these empathic responses, and in identifying which component of empathy is more likely to be affected. To investigate these issues, an experiment was designed based on a money distribution task with two conditions [observation condition (OC) vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00372DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398428PMC
February 2019

Serum concentrations of selected proinflammatory cytokines in children with alopecia areata.

Postepy Dermatol Alergol 2019 Feb 22;36(1):63-69. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Dermatology, Pediatric and Oncological Dermatology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

Introduction: Alopecia areata (AA) is considered an autoimmune disorder characterized by patchy loss of hair from the scalp and other body parts. Many patients develop the disease in childhood.

Aim: To answer the question whether abnormal production of some proinflammatory cytokines (IL-2, IL-6, IL-15, IL-17A and IFNγ) in children with AA may facilitate the development or progression of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/ada.2019.82826DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409873PMC
February 2019

Advantages in diagnosis of giant cell arteritis by ultrasound.

Postepy Dermatol Alergol 2019 Feb 22;36(1):25-28. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Clinical Physiology Unit, Medical Simulation Centre, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland.

Giant cell arteritis is the most common systemic vasculitis. It selectively affects large- and medium-sized arteries. Arterial wall inflammation leads to luminal occlusion and tissue ischemia, which cause the clinical manifestations of this vasculitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/ada.2019.82823DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409876PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Hair cortisol, lifetime traumatic experiences and psychopathology in unaccompanied refugee minors.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019 Mar 6;104:191-194. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Clinical Psychology, University of Siegen, Germany.

Attenuated cortisol secretion has been linked to traumatic experiences and the developmental psychopathology. Unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) form a highly vulnerable group in this context, usually exposed to multiple and severe traumatic experiences and characterized by a high, comorbid symptom-load. Here, we provide a first investigation in URM seeking to elucidate associations between long-term cortisol output, assessed through hair cortisol concentrations (HCC), lifetime traumatic events and psychological symptoms. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064530183122
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Pulsed radiofrequency energy device (PEAK plasmablade™) and CustomBone Cranioplasty: an appealing surgical rendez-vous.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 11:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

a Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Medicine, Postgraduate Residency Program in Neurological Surgery, Neurosurgical Clinic , AOUP "Paolo Giaccone" , Palermo , Italy.

Background: CustomBone prosthesis is a widely recognized effective and successful technique for the reconstruction of cranial bone defects. Prior the cranioplasty implant, meticulous dissection within thick scar tissue is required. During this delicate surgical manoeuvre is vital to avoid damage to the skin flap itself and to the underlying cerebrovascular structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1584267DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

[Advanced skull defect repair].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2019 (2):101-105

Federal Scientific Clinical Center of Specialized Medical Care and Medical Technologies of FMBA of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

It is presented case report of successful repair of advanced combined defect of parietal-temporal-occipital scalp over one-half of skull vault with an excellent cosmetic result. To do this, the authors used a staged expander dermal tension, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/hirurgia2019021101DOI Listing
January 2019

Localised pressure stimulation using turf-like structures can improve skin perfusion in the foot.

Microcirculation 2019 Mar 10:e12543. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

School of Life Sciences and Education, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

Objective: Improving perfusion under the skin can potentially reduce ulceration and amputation risk in people with diabetic foot. Localised pressure stimulation has been proven capable of improving skin perfusion in the scalp but its effectiveness for the foot has not been tested. In this study, localised pressure stimulation was realised using flexible turf-like structures with dense vertical fibres and their ability to increase perfusion was assessed. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/micc.12543
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/micc.12543DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Sinking Skin Flap Syndrome or Syndrome of the Trephined: A Report of Two Cases.

Ann Rehabil Med 2019 Feb 28;43(1):111-114. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is commonly performed in patients with intracranial hypertension or brain edema due to traumatic brain injury. Infrequently, neurologic deteriorations accompanied by sunken scalp may occur after DC. We report two patients with traumatic subdural hemorrhage who had neurologic deteriorations accompanied by sunken scalp after DC. Read More

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http://www.e-arm.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.5535/arm.2019.4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5535/arm.2019.43.1.111DOI Listing
February 2019
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'the human botfly' presenting as a scalp lesion.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 8;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Monklands Hospital, Airdrie, North Lanarkshire, UK.

Owing to increasing international travel, physicians will encounter more infectious diseases acquired overseas, which may be bacterial, fungal or parasitic in nature. Knowledge of the geographic distribution of specific diseases permits the formulation of a differential diagnosis in the context of clinical presentation. Parasitic infestations of the maxillofacial tissues can be caused by a host of different ectoparasites, for example, myiasis, a frequently misdiagnosed disease of tourists returning from exotic locations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228310DOI Listing
March 2019
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In vitro efficacy of antifungal agents alone and in shampoo formulation against dandruff-associated Malassezia spp. and Staphylococcus spp.

Int J Cosmet Sci 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Zurich and Faculty of Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objective: Dandruff is a complex skin condition characterized by unpleasant itching and flaking of the scalp. It is primarily attributed to the over colonization of Malassezia yeasts such as M. globosa and M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ics.12525DOI Listing
March 2019
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Genome-wide association study in frontal fibrosing alopecia identifies four susceptibility loci including HLA-B*07:02.

Nat Commun 2019 Mar 8;10(1):1150. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

St. John's Institute of Dermatology, King's College London, London, Guy's Hospital, London, SE1 9RT, UK.

Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a recently described inflammatory and scarring type of hair loss affecting almost exclusively women. Despite a dramatic recent increase in incidence the aetiopathogenesis of FFA remains unknown. We undertake genome-wide association studies in females from a UK cohort, comprising 844 cases and 3,760 controls, a Spanish cohort of 172 cases and 385 controls, and perform statistical meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09117-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408457PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Beta synchrony in the cortico-basal ganglia network during regulation of force control on and off dopamine.

Neurobiol Dis 2019 Mar 6;127:253-263. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Medical Research Council Brain Network Dynamics Unit, University of Oxford, OX1 3TH Oxford, UK; Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, OX3 9DU Oxford, UK.

Beta power suppression in the basal ganglia is stronger during movements that require high force levels and high movement effort but it has been difficult to dissociate the two. We recorded scalp EEG and basal ganglia local field potentials in Parkinson's disease patients (11 STN, 7 GPi) ON and OFF dopaminergic medication while they performed a visually-guided force matching task using a pen on a force-sensitive graphics tablet. Force adjustments were accompanied by beta power suppression irrespective of whether the force was increased or reduced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
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Large lateralized EDAN-like brain potentials in a gaze-shift detection task.

Psychophysiology 2019 Mar 8:e13361. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Attentional cueing tasks using gaze direction as spatial cues have sometimes yielded an early directing attention negativity (EDAN) component in the ERP, presumably reflecting the initial orienting toward the cued location. However, other studies have failed to identify an EDAN component for gaze cues, yielding an inconsistent picture. In the present study, we re-examined the EDAN to gaze cueing, using a continuous task where the specific direction of the gaze changes was task irrelevant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13361DOI Listing

Localised scleroderma en coup de sabre affecting the skin, dentition and bone tissue within craniofacial neural crest fields. Clinical and radiographic study of six patients.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 20 Nørre Allé, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Purpose: When localised scleroderma occurs in the face, neck and scalp area, it is called scleroderma en coup de sabre (SCS) for its resemblance to the stroke of a sabre. Most observed characteristics: abnormal skin and dental development, facial atrophy and neurological complications. The aim was to evaluate the extent of SCS in the underlying subcutis, including teeth/bone tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40368-019-00427-7DOI Listing