6,452 results match your criteria Saudi Medical Journal[Journal]


Comment on: An analysis of the first and second mandibular molar roots proximity to the inferior alveolar canal and cortical plates using cone beam computed tomography among Saudi population.

Authors:
Hani Mawardi

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):409

Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24060DOI Listing

Comment on: Effect of immediate delayed loadings of dental implants on the oral health-related quality of life in Saudi population. Experimental clinical trial.

Authors:
Hani Mawardi

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):410

Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, King Abdulaziz University,Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24040DOI Listing

Unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics to healthy/asymptomatic school-age carriers of potentially pathogenic bacteria.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):405-408

School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatian Health Insurance Fund, Zagreb, Croatia. E-mail.

Objectives: To re-draw attention to the unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics.

Methods: We monitored nasopharyngeal colonization by 3 potentially pathogenic bacteria, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae type b in 81 children between the ages of 6 and 7 years who attended the same primary school. The children's health status was also monitored, without using antimicrobial treatment for healthy/asymptomatic carriers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24004DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Causes of hospitalization in sickle cell diseased children in western region of Saudi Arabia. A single center study.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):401-404

Pediatric Department, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To highlight the causes of hospitalization among sickle cell diseased (SCD) children in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A retrospective study conducted at the Maternity and Children's Hospital, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. A data of 739 SCD children admitted to the hematology/oncology unit between October 2010 and September 2015 were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24049DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia and ovarian dermoid cysts in pregnancy.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):397-400

Reproductive and In Vitro Fertilization Unit, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Ovarian teratoma is a rare cause of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) by warm antibodies, resistant to corticosteroid therapy. This also implies that ovarian teratoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of AIHA, whether or not associated with pregnancy. We present a case of a primigravida who presented with ovarian dermoid cysts and AIHA at 24 weeks of gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24107DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence of herbal medicines in patients with chronic allergic disorders in Western Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):391-396

Department of Natural Products and Alternative Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence and pattern of the use of herbal medicines by allergic patients in Western Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: Cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from consecutively recruited patients with chronic allergic disorders from July 2018 to  October 2018. Participants from 2 allergy clinics in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia were interviewed face-to-face using a structured questionnaire. Read More

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https://www.smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24006DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Vision screening services in special needs schools in Western Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):385-390

Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail:.

Objectives: To evaluate the current status of vision screening services in special educational needs (SEN) schools in the western region of Saudi Arabia.  Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that involved distribution of a questionnaire to all 30 SENs schools in the western region of Saudi Arabia between April and May 2018. Results: Twenty-three schools responded to the questionnaire (77% response rate). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24076DOI Listing

Public perception of bariatric surgery.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):378-383

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objective: To investigate the public perception of morbid obesity and bariatric surgery in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2016 and November 2017 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, including Saudis aged ≥18 years. Medical students, physicians, and individuals who underwent bariatric surgery were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24050DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Association of acute stress with multiple sclerosis onset and relapse in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):372-378

Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, King Fahad Hospital of the University, Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To determine if there is a relationship between acute stress and either the onset or relapse of multiple sclerosis (MS) and to discover how different types of acute stressors may be involved. Methods:  This study was carried out in Saudi Arabia between September 2017 and June 2018 and involved King Fahad University Hospital in Eastern province, Arfa Multiple Sclerosis Society in the Central and Western province of Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed using an Arabic self-constructed questionnaire consisted of 4 sections: 1) demographic data and time of diagnosis; 2) emotional/psychological stressors; 3) environmental/physical stressors; and 4) 4 specific stressors measuring their effect on the severity and recurrence of attacks. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.4.240
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24010DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Risk factors for prolonged mechanical ventilation after surgical repair of congenital heart disease. Experience from a single cardiac center.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):367-371

College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: We studied these predictors at a single cardiac center. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out after obtaining approval from the institutional review board. All patients (age, 0-14 years) who underwent  congenital heart disease (CHD)  surgery from January 2014 to June 2016 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.23682DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Platelet/lymphocyte ratio is an independent predictor for osteoporosis.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):360-366

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Konya Research Hospital, Baskent University, Konya, Turkey. E-mail.

Objectives: To investigate the intercourse between the platelet/lymphocyte (P/L) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (N/L), and vitamin D (Vit-D) levels in low bone mineral density (BMD) of women. Methods: Two hundred fifty-two postmenopausal female outpatients who were admitted to the obstetrics and gynecology and physical therapy clinics between July 2016 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were grouped in relation to their T-score (normal [n=92], osteopenia [n=112], and PMO [n=48]). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24009DOI Listing

Adipokine levels and their association with insulin resistance and fetal outcomes among the newborns of Indian gestational diabetic mothers.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):353-359

Department of Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India. E-mail.

Objectives: To investigate the cord blood levels of adipokine and to assess their association with the fetal insulin resistance and fetal outcomes in newborns of gestational diabetic women (GDM). Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in 40 GDM women and 40 healthy pregnant women (HPW) in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) hospital in Puducherry, India, during the period from May 2016 to December 2017. Cord blood samples were collected at delivery from GDM and HPW groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24058DOI Listing

Does weight loss affect the parameters that are metabolically related to cardiovascular diseases?

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):347-352

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Istanbul Arel University, Istanbul, Turkey. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the differences in the parameters that are metabolically related to cardiovascular diseases after weight loss in obese people with coronary artery diseases (CADs).

Methods: This study was conducted on 184 patients who were diagnosed with CADs in Istanbul University Cardiology Institute Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. The levels of leptin, fibrinogen, homocysteine, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), fasting blood glucose and insulin, glycated hemoglobin, and uric acid of the obese patients who were put on calorie restricted diet were evaluated retrospectively and compared before and after weight loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.24007DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Role of venlafaxine in relapse to methamphetamine seeking. Potential treatment option for drug dependence.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):339-346

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Taif University, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To investigate the effects of venlafaxine (VEN) on the relapse of methamphetamine (METH)-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) in rats.

Methods: This study was conducted at the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, and the Addiction and Neuroscience Research Unit, College of Pharmacy, Taif University, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between May  2017 and October 2018. A total of 32 male Wistar rats were used in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.23718DOI Listing

Transcriptomics-based validation of the relatedness of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins to chronic lymphocytic leukemia as potential biomarkers of the disease aggressiveness.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):328-338

Department of Medical Laboratories Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To use independent transcriptomics data sets of cancer patients with prognostic information from public repositories to validate the relevance of our previously described chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)-related proteins at the level of transcription (mRNA) to the prognosis of CLL.  Methods: This is a validation study that was conducted at Majmaah University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January-2017 and July-2018. Two independent data sets of CLL transcriptomics from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) with time-to-first treatment (TTFT) data (GSE39671; 130 patients) and information about overall survival (OS) (GSE22762; 107 patients) were used for the validation analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.23380DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Proteomics insights into the pathology and prognosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Apr;40(4):317-327

Department of Medical Laboratories Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an incurable malignant disease of B-lymphocytes characterized by drastically heterogeneous clinical courses. Proteomics is an advanced approach that allows a global profiling of protein expression, providing a valuable chance for the discovery of disease-related proteins. In the last 2 decades, several proteomics studies were conducted on CLL to identify aberrant protein expression underpinning the malignant transformation and progression of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.4.23598DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Analysis of mandibular premolar root position in relation to adjacent cortical plates and mental foramen using cone beam computed tomography in the Saudi population.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):298-301

Division of Radiology, Department of Oral Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To evaluate the horizontal and vertical location of the mental foramen (MF), as well as the relationship of lower premolars to buccal and lingual cortical plates using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study conducted using CBCT scans that were obtained between early 2014 and late 2016 from King Saud University Dental hospital database in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 94 patients (53 males and 41 females) were included. Three examiners independently performed one-sided measurements for each patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23597DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Cutaneous draining sinus tract of odontogenic origin. A case of chronic misdiagnosis.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):292-297

Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

This is a case of a patient with a buccal cutaneous sinus tract, originally misdiagnosed, with delayed healing and potential malpractice. An odontogenic cutaneous sinus tract is a pathologic canal that initiates in the oral cavity but opens externally at the cutaneous surface of the face or neck. It is frequently misdiagnosed, leading to inappropriate treatment. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.3.239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23963DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Unusual mechanical complications of central venous catheterization.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):287-291

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Cumhuriyet University, School of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey. E-mail.

Objectives: To present an unusual major mechanical complication of central venous catheterization (CVC).  Methods: Between January 2016 and January 2017, data of the patients who underwent CVC in Cumhuriyet University in Sivas, Turkey, were retrospectively reviewed. The patients who experienced an unusual mechanical catheter-related complication are included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23520DOI Listing

Temporal trends in the incidence and demographics of cancers, communicable diseases, and non-communicable diseases in Saudi Arabia over the last decade.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):277-286

Department of Public Health, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To describe the trends in the incidence rates of 5 most common cancers, communicable diseases, and non-communicable diseases in Saudi Arabia over the last decade.  Methods: The incidence rates of cancers (2001-2014), communicable diseases (2003-2016), and non-communicable diseases (1990-2017) were retrieved, classified, and analyzed retrospectively during November 2017, based on data available with the Ministry of Health and were analyzed at the Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University in Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Results: Age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) (per 100,000 population) of breast cancer among women increased dramatically from 11. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.3.235
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23585DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Diabetic patients in Saudi Arabia: The evaluation of glycemic control measures based on emergency department utilization and the percentages of adherence to the recommended follow-ups for microvascular complications.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):271-276

Department of Medicine, Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University,Ministry of Education, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To determine the association between emergency department (ED) visits, glycemic control and the quality of preventive diabetes care among diabetic patients in a Saudi community. Methods: This study was an observational, cross-sectional study that collected data through interview-based surveys between February and April 2017. Data were collected from 530 diabetic patients in the diabetes clinics at King Saud Medical City, the tertiary center of Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23968DOI Listing

Surgical site infections after trauma laparotomy. An observational study from a major trauma center in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):266-270

Department of Trauma Surgery, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To determine the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) after trauma laparotomy and evaluate variables on presentation to the emergency department (ED) associated with the development of SSI. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was undertaken of patients presenting directly from the scene who underwent trauma laparotomy between January 2016 and December 2017. The primary outcome variable was SSI, as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guideline. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.3.240
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.24005DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads
0.554 Impact Factor

Adherence to international guidelines for the treatment of meningitis infections in Lebanon.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):260-265

School of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess meningitis treatment in Lebanon's compatibility with the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines and the effect of non-compliance on mortality. Methods: This is a retrospective study, conducted in 5 Lebanese hospitals, and enrolling all patients diagnosed with meningitis who presented to the involved hospitals from January 2008 to December 2016.  Results: A total of 252 participants were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23965DOI Listing

Trends in antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):252-259

Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To describe and interpret local antibiograms from a single tertiary care center to monitor the trends of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) patterns and establish baseline data for further surveillance. Methods: We performed a retrospective descriptive review of antibiograms data between January 2010 and December 2015 from King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Results: A total of 51,491 isolates were identified, and most were gram-negative (76. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23947DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
0.554 Impact Factor

Knowledge, attitude and practice on medication error reporting among health practitioners in a tertiary care setting in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):246-251

College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail:.

Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitudes and practices towards the reporting of medication errors among health practitioners at King Abdulaziz Medical city in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted in a convenient sample of 62 physicians and 303 nurses, between June and September 2017 at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Results: The sample consisted of 365 subjects, with a response rate of 73%. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.3.239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23960DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads
0.554 Impact Factor

Survey of flexible bronchoscopy practice in adults in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):238-245

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess current adherence to international guidelines for practitioners of bronchoscopy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Saudi Arabia between December 2016 and March 2017. Pulmonologists, thoracic surgeons, and intensivists were invited to answer an emailed self-administered questionnaire survey seeking information on how they performed flexible bronchoscopy in adults. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.3.239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23964DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Computed tomography pulmonary angiography using high-pitch dual-source scanner technology.

Saudi Med J 2019 03;40(3):230-237

Radiology Department, King Fahad Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To compare use of ultra-fast high-pitch dual-source free-breathing computed tomography pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) with conventional standard-pitch single-source breath-hold CTPA. Methods: This retrospective comparative study was conducted in Radiology Department at King Fahad Military Medical Complex Dhahran, Saudi Arabia from July 2016 to December 2017. Patients (N=130) were divided into 2 groups, each having 65 consecutive patients; Group-1 (single-source CT) and Group-2 (dual-source CT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23940DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Novel association between heterozygous genotype of single nucleotide polymorphism C218T in drug transporter ABCC1 gene and increased risk of colon cancer.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):224-229

Biochemistry Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To determine the role of G128C and C218T variants in ABCC1 gene with the risk of developing colon cancer in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 51 colon cancer patients and 65 controls from King Abdulaziz University Hospital and King Abdullah Medical City in the period from January 2015 to April 2017, and was approved by the Unit of Biomedical Ethics (no: 261-15). Experiments were performed in the experimental biochemistry unit at King Fahd Medical Research Center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23650DOI Listing

Root canal treatment in elderly patients: A review and clinical considerations.

Saudi Med J 2019 Mar;40(3):217-223

Department of Dentistry, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Life expectancy has increased as a result of advancements in health care services; thus, maintaining healthy dentition is an important factor in overall health. Furthermore, the growing desire of elderly patients to maintain their teeth has led to an increased need for the performance of complex dental treatment in elderly patients. Root canal therapy is an essential phase of such treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.3.23769DOI Listing

Saudi Medical Journal (2018) continues upswing.

Authors:
Fahdah Alokaily

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):3-4

Saudi Medical Journal, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.1.202
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23890DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Subclinical coronary artery disease in recent-onset of rheumatoid arthritis.

Authors:
Ali Jawad

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):202

Department of Rheumatology, Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.2.239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23945DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402462PMC
February 2019
8 Reads
0.554 Impact Factor

Myringoplasty outcome. Five-year experience at a tertiary teaching hospital.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):199-201

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the outcome of a myringoplasty procedure during a 5-year period at a tertiary teaching hospital in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Methods: All patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) who underwent elective myringoplasty between August 2012 and February  2018 were included in the study. Patients were investigated preoperatively and postoperatively by pure tone audiometry (PTA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23896DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402456PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Methionyl-tRNA synthetase novel mutation causes pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):195-198

Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

The  methionyl-tRNA  synthetase  (MARS)  mutation is  a  very  rare  cause  of  congenital  pulmonary  alveolar proteinosis.We report a 6-month-old boy born with symmetrical intrauterine growth retardation presented with unexplained persistent tachypnea and hypoxemia associated with severe failure to thrive, anemia, hypoalbuminemia and hepatomegaly. Detailed pulmonary investigations including computed tomography chest scan, bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage revealed pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.2.239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23908DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402458PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

An analysis of the first and second mandibular molar roots proximity to the inferior alveolar canal and cortical plates using cone beam computed tomography among the Saudi population.

Saudi Med J 2019 02;40(2):189-194

Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Division of Endodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To evaluate the relationship of the first and second mandibular molar roots to the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) and cortical plates using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the Saudi population. Methods: Scans of 60 patients were collected retrospectively from the dental hospital database in King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Measurements of the right and left first and second mandibular molars for each dental root and the mandibular bone thickness were determined. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402464PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Services satisfaction of type 2 diabetic patients attending Arar's diabetic center, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):183-188

Saudi Board of Family Medicine, Northern Borders General Health Affairs, Arar City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To determine type 2 diabetic patients' satisfaction with the services provided by the Diabetic Center, Arar, Saudi Arabia, and to assess the relationship between patients' satisfaction and their diabetic control. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study, carried out in 322 patients at the Arar Diabetic Center, Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January and April 2018. A systematic random sampling technique was applied to include every second type 2 diabetic patient attending the center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23677DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402465PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Awareness of systemic lupus erythematosus among primary health care patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):177-182

Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of the National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To measure the levels of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) awareness among patients in primary health care (PHC) at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and to explore the factors which influence the SLE awareness.

Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study conducted between February and September 2018 in 4 PHC centers at KAMC. The study participants were male and female adult visitors to the centers age from 18-60 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23920DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402467PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Family medicine residents in central Saudi Arabia. How much do they know and how confident are they in performing minor surgical procedures?

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):168-176

Department of Family Medicine, Ministry of National Guard-Health Affairs, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To explore the knowledge, practice, barriers and reported self-confidence of family medicine (FM) residents in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in performing minor surgical procedures (MSP).

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by distributing questionnaires to 267 family medicine residents in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between May and July 2016. The questionnaire includes 7 categories with 71 questions about: knowledge, interest, experience and confidence in performing different MSPs, prior training in MSPs, perceived barriers to performing MSPs and ways to improve basic surgical skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23914DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402455PMC
February 2019

Investigating the epidemiology of medication errors in adults in community care settings. A retrospective cohort study in central Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):158-167

The Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. E-mail.

Objectives: To investigate the period prevalence and risk factors for clinically important prescription and monitoring errors among adults managed in community care in Saudi Arabia (SA).

Methods: This retrospective cohort study used electronic health record (HER) data. A random sample comprising of 2,000 adults (≥18 years old) visiting Family Medicine clinics in King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center (KFSH & RC), Riyadh, SA, was selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23933DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402461PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Assessment of vancomycin utilization among Lebanese hospitals.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):152-157

Department of Clinical Practice, Lebanese International University, Mouseitbah, Lebanon. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the appropriateness of vancomycin dosing and monitoring at Lebanese hospitals.

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study conducted at 3 Lebanese hospitals between January and March 2018. Patients 18 years of age and older treated with vancomycin for a systemic infection or prophylaxis were eligible for study enrollment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23872DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402470PMC
February 2019

Peritoneal dialysis related infections in a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):147-151

College of Medicine, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To detect the incidence of and risk factors for infections among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD).

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the PD unit of King Fahad Medical City. End-stage renal disease patients above the age of 12 years who were undergoing PD management between January 2006 and March 2016 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23898DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402460PMC
February 2019

A novel diagnosis scoring model to predict invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in the intensive care unit.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):140-146

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia. E-mail.

Objectives: To improve the quality of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) management for intensive care unit (ICU) patients using a practical diagnostic scoring model.

Methods: This nested case-control study aimed to determine the incidence of IPA in 405 ICU patients, between July 2012 and June 2014, at 6 hospitals in Jakarta, Indonesia. Phenotypic identifications and galactomannan (GM) tests of sera and lung excreta were performed in mycology laboratory, Parasitology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia in Jakarta, Indonesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.22940DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402463PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Are there optimal alanine aminotransferase and HBV DNA thresholds for discriminating HBeAg-positive chronic infection from chronic hepatitis? An evaluation of 215 young and male cases.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):131-139

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Sultan Abdulhamid Han Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. E-mail.

Objectives: To define the importance of biochemical and virological thresholds for the prediction of significant liver diseases.

Methods: A total of 215 young and male HBeAg-positive cases followed up in a tertiary training and research hospital in Turkey between 2008 and 2017 enrolled in the retrospective diagnostic accuracy study. Results: Fibrosis scores varied between 0-4, F1 (n=81, 37. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23934DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402459PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors. A clinicopathological study.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):126-130

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Fahad Hospital of the University, University of Imam Abdurahman Bin Faisal, Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To evaluate the clinical presentations and immunohistochemical (IHC) properties of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and to compare them to internationally published data.

Methods: Thirty-six patients diagnosed with GISTs between January 1997 and December 2015 were retrospectively studied in 2 tertiary hospitals. Immunohistochemical staining was carried out prospectively when it has not been completed fully at the beginning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23913DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402471PMC
February 2019
3 Reads
0.554 Impact Factor

Factors associated with smoking cessation and smoking cessation interventions in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):119-125

Health Services Administration and Policy, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia (PA), United States of America. E-mail.

Objectives: To examined published literature describing the predictors of  smoking cessation (SC)  and cessation interventions in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. Methods: Systematic literature review using PubMed, Google Scholar, and grey literature. The study was conducted between October and December of 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402472PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Comment on: Impact of a multidisciplinary intensive education program on type 2 diabetes mellitus patients' glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):103

Department of Endocrine and Diabetes, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23832DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

Comment to: Are fetuin-A levels beneficial for estimating timing of sepsis occurrence?

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):101-102

Second Department of Critical Care and Department of Biological Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.01.23807DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Is prilocaine safe and potent enough for use in the oral surgery of medically compromised patients.

Authors:
Giath Gazal

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):97-100

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To investigate the potency and speed of action of 2% lidocaine and 3% prilocaine for upper teeth extractions.

Methods: This prospective clinical study was conducted from November 2016 to May 2017. Ninety-six patients, aged between 16 to 70 years old were recruited in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.01.23475DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Awareness of fitness to drive among cardiologists in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):93-96

Department of Cardiology, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center-Qassim, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Qassim, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the perception and awareness of cardiologists in Saudi Arabia about medical fitness to drive in different cardiovascular diseases. Methods: The study is a cross-sectional survey-based study between June 2018 and July 2018. Cardiologists were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire inquiring about awareness of driving fitness and educating patients regarding driving risks in specific cardiovascular conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23595DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Adrenal hypoplasia congenita in identical twins.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):87-92

Unit of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Maternity and Children Hospital, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

We are presenting a monozygotic twin brothers presented at different ages with different presentations. Twin-A presented at age of 18 days with salt losing crisis. Investigations revealed high plasma renin with low-normal aldosterone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23337DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Effect of immediate versus delayed loadings of dental implants on the oral health-related quality of life in Saudi population. Experimental clinical trial.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):79-86

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the effects of immediate and delayed loadings of dental implants on the overall quality of life (QoL) of patients. Methods: The prospective analysis was conducted in the Department of Periodontology Clinics, Faculty of Dentistry Hospital, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study was conducted from November 2013 to August 2016 and was according to the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23370DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads