6,423 results match your criteria Saudi Medical Journal[Journal]


Saudi Medical Journal (2018) continues upswing.

Authors:
Fahdah Alokaily

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):3-4

Saudi Medical Journal, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.1.202
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23890DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Subclinical coronary artery disease in recent-onset of rheumatoid arthritis.

Authors:
Ali Jawad

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):202

Department of Rheumatology, Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.2.239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23945DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads
0.554 Impact Factor

Myringoplasty outcome. Five-year experience at a tertiary teaching hospital.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):199-201

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the outcome of a myringoplasty procedure during a 5-year period at a tertiary teaching hospital in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Methods: All patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) who underwent elective myringoplasty between August 2012 and February  2018 were included in the study. Patients were investigated preoperatively and postoperatively by pure tone audiometry (PTA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23896DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Methionyl-tRNA synthetase novel mutation causes pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):195-198

Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

The  methionyl-tRNA  synthetase  (MARS)  mutation is  a  very  rare  cause  of  congenital  pulmonary  alveolar proteinosis.We report a 6-month-old boy born with symmetrical intrauterine growth retardation presented with unexplained persistent tachypnea and hypoxemia associated with severe failure to thrive, anemia, hypoalbuminemia and hepatomegaly. Detailed pulmonary investigations including computed tomography chest scan, bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage revealed pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Read More

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https://smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2019.2.239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23908DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

An analysis of the first and second mandibular molar roots proximity to the inferior alveolar canal and cortical plates using cone beam computed tomography among the Saudi population.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):189-194

Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Division of Endodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To evaluate the relationship of the first and second mandibular molar roots to the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) and cortical plates using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the Saudi population. Methods: Scans of 60 patients were collected retrospectively from the dental hospital database in King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Measurements of the right and left first and second mandibular molars for each dental root and the mandibular bone thickness were determined. Read More

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February 2019
2 Reads

Services satisfaction of type 2 diabetic patients attending Arar's diabetic center, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):183-188

Saudi Board of Family Medicine, Northern Borders General Health Affairs, Arar City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To determine type 2 diabetic patients' satisfaction with the services provided by the Diabetic Center, Arar, Saudi Arabia, and to assess the relationship between patients' satisfaction and their diabetic control. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study, carried out in 322 patients at the Arar Diabetic Center, Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January and April 2018. A systematic random sampling technique was applied to include every second type 2 diabetic patient attending the center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23677DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Awareness of systemic lupus erythematosus among primary health care patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):177-182

Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of the National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To measure the levels of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) awareness among patients in primary health care (PHC) at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and to explore the factors which influence the SLE awareness.

Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study conducted between February and September 2018 in 4 PHC centers at KAMC. The study participants were male and female adult visitors to the centers age from 18-60 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23920DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Family medicine residents in central Saudi Arabia. How much do they know and how confident are they in performing minor surgical procedures?

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):168-176

Department of Family Medicine, Ministry of National Guard-Health Affairs, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To explore the knowledge, practice, barriers and reported self-confidence of family medicine (FM) residents in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in performing minor surgical procedures (MSP).

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by distributing questionnaires to 267 family medicine residents in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between May and July 2016. The questionnaire includes 7 categories with 71 questions about: knowledge, interest, experience and confidence in performing different MSPs, prior training in MSPs, perceived barriers to performing MSPs and ways to improve basic surgical skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23914DOI Listing
February 2019

Investigating the epidemiology of medication errors in adults in community care settings. A retrospective cohort study in central Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):158-167

The Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. E-mail.

Objectives: To investigate the period prevalence and risk factors for clinically important prescription and monitoring errors among adults managed in community care in Saudi Arabia (SA).

Methods: This retrospective cohort study used electronic health record (HER) data. A random sample comprising of 2,000 adults (≥18 years old) visiting Family Medicine clinics in King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center (KFSH & RC), Riyadh, SA, was selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23933DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessment of vancomycin utilization among Lebanese hospitals.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):152-157

Department of Clinical Practice, Lebanese International University, Mouseitbah, Lebanon. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the appropriateness of vancomycin dosing and monitoring at Lebanese hospitals.

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study conducted at 3 Lebanese hospitals between January and March 2018. Patients 18 years of age and older treated with vancomycin for a systemic infection or prophylaxis were eligible for study enrollment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23872DOI Listing
February 2019

Peritoneal dialysis related infections in a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):147-151

College of Medicine, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To detect the incidence of and risk factors for infections among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD).

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the PD unit of King Fahad Medical City. End-stage renal disease patients above the age of 12 years who were undergoing PD management between January 2006 and March 2016 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23898DOI Listing
February 2019

A novel diagnosis scoring model to predict invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in the intensive care unit.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):140-146

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia. E-mail.

Objectives: To improve the quality of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) management for intensive care unit (ICU) patients using a practical diagnostic scoring model.

Methods: This nested case-control study aimed to determine the incidence of IPA in 405 ICU patients, between July 2012 and June 2014, at 6 hospitals in Jakarta, Indonesia. Phenotypic identifications and galactomannan (GM) tests of sera and lung excreta were performed in mycology laboratory, Parasitology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia in Jakarta, Indonesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.22940DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Are there optimal alanine aminotransferase and HBV DNA thresholds for discriminating HBeAg-positive chronic infection from chronic hepatitis? An evaluation of 215 young and male cases.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):131-139

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Sultan Abdulhamid Han Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. E-mail.

Objectives: To define the importance of biochemical and virological thresholds for the prediction of significant liver diseases.

Methods: A total of 215 young and male HBeAg-positive cases followed up in a tertiary training and research hospital in Turkey between 2008 and 2017 enrolled in the retrospective diagnostic accuracy study. Results: Fibrosis scores varied between 0-4, F1 (n=81, 37. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23934DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors. A clinicopathological study.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):126-130

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Fahad Hospital of the University, University of Imam Abdurahman Bin Faisal, Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To evaluate the clinical presentations and immunohistochemical (IHC) properties of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and to compare them to internationally published data.

Methods: Thirty-six patients diagnosed with GISTs between January 1997 and December 2015 were retrospectively studied in 2 tertiary hospitals. Immunohistochemical staining was carried out prospectively when it has not been completed fully at the beginning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23913DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
0.554 Impact Factor

Factors associated with smoking cessation and smoking cessation interventions in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries.

Saudi Med J 2019 Feb;40(2):119-125

Health Services Administration and Policy, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia (PA), United States of America. E-mail.

Objectives: To examined published literature describing the predictors of  smoking cessation (SC)  and cessation interventions in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. Methods: Systematic literature review using PubMed, Google Scholar, and grey literature. The study was conducted between October and December of 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.2.23904DOI Listing
February 2019

Comment on: Impact of a multidisciplinary intensive education program on type 2 diabetes mellitus patients' glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):103

Department of Endocrine and Diabetes, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23832DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Comment to: Are fetuin-A levels beneficial for estimating timing of sepsis occurrence?

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):101-102

Second Department of Critical Care and Department of Biological Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.01.23807DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Is prilocaine safe and potent enough for use in the oral surgery of medically compromised patients.

Authors:
Giath Gazal

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):97-100

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To investigate the potency and speed of action of 2% lidocaine and 3% prilocaine for upper teeth extractions.

Methods: This prospective clinical study was conducted from November 2016 to May 2017. Ninety-six patients, aged between 16 to 70 years old were recruited in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.01.23475DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Awareness of fitness to drive among cardiologists in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):93-96

Department of Cardiology, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center-Qassim, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Qassim, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the perception and awareness of cardiologists in Saudi Arabia about medical fitness to drive in different cardiovascular diseases. Methods: The study is a cross-sectional survey-based study between June 2018 and July 2018. Cardiologists were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire inquiring about awareness of driving fitness and educating patients regarding driving risks in specific cardiovascular conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23595DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Adrenal hypoplasia congenita in identical twins.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):87-92

Unit of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Maternity and Children Hospital, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

We are presenting a monozygotic twin brothers presented at different ages with different presentations. Twin-A presented at age of 18 days with salt losing crisis. Investigations revealed high plasma renin with low-normal aldosterone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23337DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Effect of immediate versus delayed loadings of dental implants on the oral health-related quality of life in Saudi population. Experimental clinical trial.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):79-86

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the effects of immediate and delayed loadings of dental implants on the overall quality of life (QoL) of patients. Methods: The prospective analysis was conducted in the Department of Periodontology Clinics, Faculty of Dentistry Hospital, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study was conducted from November 2013 to August 2016 and was according to the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23370DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Burden of non-communicable diseases in Iraq after the 2003 war.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):72-78

Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq. E-mail.

Objectives: To figure out the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases in Iraq on the health system through measuring the incidence and trend of these diseases. Methods: This descriptive study that was conducted between January 2016 and 2017, involved treatment data of chronic non-communicable diseases (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, stroke, asthma and epilepsy). The data was collected from the registry of the Department of Health and Vital Statistics in the Ministry of Health, Babylon, Iraq, between 2000 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23463DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

The effect of an educational program on quality of life in patients undergoing hemodialysis in western Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):66-71

Family and Community Medicine Department, Rabigh Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess health-related quality of life (QOL) among hemodialysis (HD) patients attending HD units in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and to evaluate the effect of an educational program on health-related QOL.

Method: One hundred HD patients were recruited and followed from 4 different dialysis units in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between January 2018 and May 2018. The patients were divided into an intervention group (n=50) receiving educational program and control group (n=50). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23401DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Systematic psychiatric assessment of patients with sickle cell disease.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):59-65

Prince Sultan Oncology Center, King Salman North West Armed Forces Hospital, Tabuk, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To determine the level of the psychological problems such as depression and anxiety in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in Tabuk region, northwestern Saudi Arabia. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 89 patients with SCD was assessed in the outpatient clinics of King Salman Armed Forces Hospital,   Tabuk, Saudi Arabia between March 2017 and August 2017. Two validated Arabic translated questionnaires, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7), were used to assess the type and degree of psychopathology (anxiety or depression) each patient suffered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.22919DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Auditory temporal resolution in adaptive tasks. Gap detection investigation.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):52-58

College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To study auditory temporal resolution skills using adaptive auditory tasks designed with a computer-based experimental program, and to provide normative valuesfor gap detection thresholds (GDTs) of young listeners in 3 listening conditions. Methods:  The GDTs were established under 3 stimulus conditions: 1) broadband noise (BBN), 2) narrowband noise within-channel (NBN WC) using similar leading and trailing markers centered at 1.0 KHz, and 3) narrowband noise across-channel (NBN AC) with the leading marker centered at 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23814DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The role of anxious temperament in patients with allergic rhinitis.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):45-51

Department of Psychiatry, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Canakkale, Turkey. E-mail.

Objectives: To evaluate the ‎depressive and anxiety levels in allergic rhinitis (AR) and to investigate the relationship between ‎depression and anxiety symptoms and depressive and anxious temperament features. Methods: The study design is cross-sectional. The study was conducted between January 2017 and January  2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23754DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Analysis of femoral fracture post motor vehicle accidents.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):41-44

Department of Surgery, Orthopedic Division, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To identify the prevalence of different types of femoral fractures post-motor vehicle accident (MVA) based on fracture location: proximal, middle and distal.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of all femoral fracture post-MVA x-ray charts carried out at the National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between November 2007 to December 2013.

Results: Among the 471 patients reviewed, most fractures were in male (87%) compared with female (13%) victims, with breaks more in the right femur (56%) than the left femur (44%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.21547DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Operative outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy. A report of the first 101 cases from a single center in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):33-40

Department of Urology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To report robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) outcomes from a single tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive cases of patients undergoing RPN at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Kingdom of  Saudi Arabia, between January 2008 and January 2018. The study reports patient's demographics, tumor characteristics, operative details, and perioperative outcomes, using descriptive statistics of median and range values. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.22782DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Chitinase-3-like protein 1 levels in bipolar disorder.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):26-32

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Canakkale, Turkey. E-mail.

Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between the expression level and biologic role of YKL-40 in bipolar disorder (BD).

Methods: This case-control study was conducted in the Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Canakkale, Turkey in 2015. One hundred and four patients diagnosed as having bipolar disorder (DSM5 criteria), and 96 participants were included as healthy controls in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23396DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Serum nesfatin-1 and galanin concentrations in the adult with metabolic syndrome. Relationships to insulin resistance and obesity.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):19-25

Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To investigate the serum levels of nesfatin-1 and galanin in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS), and also to show their association with the parameters of the disease. Methods: We performed a case-control study with 84 participants (44 patients with MetS diagnosed according to the American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and International Diabetes Federation criteria and 40 control group) were recruited from King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between October 2014 and  June 2015. Anthropometric parameters, biochemical markers as well as nesfatin-1 and galanin were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.22825DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Celiac disease among at-risk individuals in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):9-18

Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To perform a meta-analysis for celiac diseases (CD) among at-risk populations in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), as well as a comparison with our previously reported meta-analysis in the normal population.

Methods: In March 2018, at King Abdulaziz University,  Jeddah, KSA we commenced a retrospective comprehensive database and journal search for CD among at-risk populations in SA. Data from each of the relevant articles were analyzed using the  Statistical Package for Social Science Version 20 (Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23892DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Editorial Message.

Authors:
Fahdah Alokaily

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):5-8

Saudi Medical Journal, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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January 2019
4 Reads

Saudi Medical Journal 2018.

Authors:
Fahdah Alokaily

Saudi Med J 2019 Jan;40(1):3-4

Saudi Medical Journal, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2019.1.23890DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Comment on: Factors affecting quality of life in children and adolescents with thalassemia in Iraqi Kurdistan.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1263-1264

Department of Pediatrics, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23742DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344665PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Trends in the incidence and mortality of cancer in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1259-1262

Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To analyze the overall trends in cancer incidence and mortality in Saudi Arabia between 1990 and 2016.   Methods: Data were retrieved through a Global Burden of Disease (GBD, 2016) database (Viz Hub) that is developed by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington. Results: The incidence of cancer increased around 26-fold for thyroid cancer; approximately 10-fold in breast, colon, bladder and uterine cancers; 8-fold for prostate cancer; 5-fold for renal cancer; 4-fold for pancreatic and ovarian cancer; 3. Read More

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https://www.smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344657PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

New variants in beta globin gene among the Palestinian refugees with sickle cell disease in Lebanon.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1253-1258

Department of Biological Sciences, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon. E-mail.

Objectives: To examine the association between beta-globin sequence variations and phenotypes of sickle-cell disease (SCD) complications among Palestinian refugees in Lebanon correlating them with chromatographic readings and co-inheritance with β-thalassemia traits.   Methods: This cross-sectional study included 47 Palestinian refugees aged 4 to 54 living in different regions in Lebanon during the year 2015. Participant filled a well-designed questionnaire. Read More

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https://www.smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23113DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344646PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Emergent surgical treatment of lethal valve dysfunction during pregnancy in a last-trimester patient.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1249-1252

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey. E-mail.

A mechanical heart valve thrombosis during pregnancy is one of the most lethal conditions to experience due to its detrimental effects on both mother and fetus. Cardiac surgery during pregnancy is reserved for cases where medical treatment fails due to harmful maternal and fetal effects. A 24-year-old female in the 38th week of pregnancy was admitted to the emergency room with aggravated dyspnea, tachypnea, and palpitations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.22925DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344655PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Development of an oral anticoagulant-use attitude scale, and assessment of its validity and reliability.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1242-1248

Department of Fundamentals, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey. E-mail.

Objectives: To develop a reliable scale that can measure the attitudes of individuals using oral anticoagulant drugs (OACs). Methods: This methodological study was conducted with 296 followed-up individuals using OACs for at least 6 months and visiting the cardiology and neurology clinics of a hospital in Turkey during 2017. A 20-item pool was used to construct the scale and all items were found suitable after content validity analysis and preliminary testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23138DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344648PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Does skin thickness affect satisfaction post rhinoplasty? Middle Eastern population as an example.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1238-1241

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To determine the mean nasal skin thickness in the Middle Eastern population and to assess the effect of skin thickness on patients' satisfaction following rhinoplasty surgeries. Methods: Radiological measurements of skin thickness at the 3 vertical thirds of the nasal dorsum were taken. A total of 154 patients (80 females and 74 males) who were scheduled for computed tomography scan for the paranasal sinuses were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344664PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Surgical practice among pediatric surgeons and pediatric urologists in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the management of suspected testicular torsion.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1232-1237

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Al-munawarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To review and compare clinical practice and experience among pediatric surgeons (PS) and pediatric urologists (PU) for the management of testicular torsion (TT) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between August 2016 and November 2017, among all PU and PS involved in the management of suspected TT in KSA. A questionnaire was distributed to participants through the Survs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.22958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344661PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Knowledge and attitude toward hemoglobinopathies premarital screening program among unmarried population in western Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1226-1231

Department of Hematology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the knowledge and attitude toward hemoglobinopathies premarital screening (PMS) program among unmarried population in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1039 unmarried males and females from the general population who fulfilled the eligibility criteria. Data was collected from July-December 2017, using an electronic questionnaire to assess the socio-demographic data, knowledge and attitudes of the participants regarding PMS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23136DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344659PMC
December 2018
2 Reads
0.554 Impact Factor

Knowledge and practice in the management of asymptomatic hyperuricemia among primary health care physicians in Jeddah, Western Region of Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1218-1225

Joint Program of Family Medicine, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess knowledge and practice levels in asymptomatic hyperuricemia (AH) and investigate predictors of urate-lowering therapy (ULT) misprescribing among primary health care (PHC) physicians.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 201 PHC physicians from December 2017 to May 2018. A based clinical guidelines for hyperuricemia management from American Professional Organizations, a semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect demographic and professional data; knowledge and practice levels in management of AH; and barriers to the management of hyperuricemia and gout, with focus of the misprescribing of ULT in AH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23715DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344656PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Recent-onset of rheumatoid arthritis leads to increase in wall thickness of left anterior descending coronary artery. An evidence of subclinical coronary artery disease.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1213-1217

Ministry of Health and Prevention, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. E-mail.

Objectives: To explore the atherosclerotic changes of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LADCA) in patients with early onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Methods: Transthoracic echocardiographic scans were performed on 15 early RA patients and 20 control subjects, free of rheumatological diseases, diabetes mellitus (DM), and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Out of 15 RA patients, 10 were matched for age and gender with control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344651PMC
December 2018
2 Reads
0.554 Impact Factor

Risk of potential drug-drug interactions in the cardiac intensive care units. A comparative analysis between 2 tertiary care hospitals.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1207-1212

Department of Pharmacy, Sarhad University of Science and IT, Peshawar, Pakistan. E-mail.

Objectives: To identify and compare the prevalence of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in the intensive cardiac care units (CCUs) of 2 tertiary care hospitals and analyze their association with various predictors. Methods: This one-year prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in 2 tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar, Khyber Teaching Hospital (KTH) and Hayatabad Medical Complex (HMC), Peshawar, Pakistan, between January 2014 to Janury 2015. The patient medication profiles from the respective CCUs were evaluated for potential DDIs (PDDIs) using Micromedex DrugReax and Drug interaction facts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23430DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344662PMC
December 2018
2 Reads
0.554 Impact Factor

War against respiratory syncytial virus. An 8-year experience at a tertiary hospital.

Authors:
Adel S Al Harbi

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1200-1206

Department of Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To assess the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection incidence rate through the analysis of data collected before and after implementation of a new palivizumab dosing regimen customized for a high-risk Saudi population. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study performed at Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between November 2009 and April 2017 on 1704 high risk Saudi young children and comparing 3 palivizumab regimens: a 4-week interval dosing regimen starting in either November or mid-September and a 3-week interval dosing regimen starting in mid-September. Results: Despite a decrease in the incidence rate of RSV infection with the three-week interval regimen (3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344653PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Screening for Q fever. A tertiary care hospital-based experience in central Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1195-1199

Department of Pathology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To evaluate the presence of Coxiella burnetii  (C. brunetii) infection among patients presenting with fever of unknown origin (FUO).

Methods: A cross-sectional study of 100 patients (54 men and 46 women; mean age: 34. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23695DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344652PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Risk factors and molecular features of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing bacteria at southwest of Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1186-1194

Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To explore the risk factors, the prevalence rate, and gene types of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria as the causative agents of infection at King Abdulaziz Specialist Hospital (KAASH), Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted during the period between February 2017 and January 2018. All samples obtained from the KAASH were analyzed. Read More

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https://www.smj.org.sa/index.php/smj/article/view/smj.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344649PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

Premarital hepatitis screening. Attitude towards screening and the risk factors for transmission.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1179-1185

College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objective: To explore all research articles investigating hepatitis premarital screening programs (PSPs) worldwide, considering all different outcomes of such programs, including efficacy, possible limitations to screening, and participants' knowledge and satisfaction regarding the program. Methods: The present systematic review used the databases of PubMed, Ovid Medline, and Google Scholar to search for articles related to both PSPs and the hepatitis viruses. Research articles were identified between October and December 2017, and articles were selected and extracted based on predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria from the year 1957 up to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.23495DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344650PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Comment on: Growth characteristics in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Saudi Med J 2018 Nov;39(11):1164

Department of Paediatrics, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq. E-mail.

[No Abstract Available]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.11.23467DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6274667PMC
November 2018
1 Read