1,305 results match your criteria Saturday Review Drug Trials [Journal]


The role of the natural environment in disaster recovery: "We live here because we love the bush".

Health Place 2019 Apr 10;57:61-69. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Phoenix Australia Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health and Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

This mixed-methods study explored the role of connection to the natural environment in recovery from the 'Black Saturday' bushfires that blazed across Victoria, Australia, in February 2009. Qualitative findings demonstrated that many participants had a strong connection to the natural environment, experienced considerable grief as a result of its devastation in the fires and drew solace from seeing it regenerate over the following months and years. Quantitative analyses indicated that a strong attachment to the environment was associated with reduced psychological distress, fewer symptoms of major depression and fire-related PTSD, and higher levels of resilience, post-traumatic growth and life satisfaction. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13538292183102
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2019.03.007DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[The "popular saint" Therese of Konnersreuth and her stigmata : An historical example for the interaction of psyche and religiosity].

Nervenarzt 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Abteilung für Psychosomatische Medizin, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Universität Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauß-Allee 11, 93053, Regensburg, Deutschland.

Background: In present times, we see ourselves confronted by the challenge of engaging increasingly diverse views of the world, god and healing in a constructive dialogue. Consequently, it is important to research into the contrary effects of religiosity on the human psyche.

Methods: Original- and literary medical historian research RESULTS: Gottfried Ewald (1888-1963), a psychiatric expert at the Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen, was appointed 90 years ago with the task of examining Therese Neumann (1898-1962), colloquially known as Resl of Konnersreuth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00115-019-0692-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Temporal associations between circadian sleep and activity patterns in Mexican American children.

Sleep Health 2019 Apr 12;5(2):201-207. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Community Health Sciences Division, School of Public Health, 50 University Hall, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-7360, USA.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the relationship between circadian sleep and activity behaviors (sedentary time [SED], light-intensity physical activity [LPA], and moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity [MVPA]) across 3 consecutive days.

Methods: This study included 308 Mexican American children aged 8-10 years from the San Francisco Bay Area. Minutes of sleep duration, SED, LPA, and MVPA were estimated using hip-worn accelerometers from Wednesday night to Saturday night. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2018.10.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442936PMC

Association between weekend admissions and mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: the "weekend effect" revisited.

J Neurosurg 2019 03 29:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

5Division of Neurosurgery, St. Michael's Hospital.

OBJECTIVE Higher mortality has been reported with weekend or after-hours patient admission across a wide range of surgical and medical specialties, a phenomenon termed the “weekend effect.” The authors evaluated whether weekend admission contributed to death and long-term neurological outcome in patients following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS A post hoc analysis of the Clazosentan to Overcome Neurological Ischemia and Infarction Occurring After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (CONSCIOUS-1) study was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2019.1.JNS183185DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Driving change: A partnership study protocol using shared emergency department data to reduce alcohol-related harm.

Emerg Med Australas 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Crime and Security Research Institute, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Background: Sharing anonymised ED data with community agencies to reduce alcohol-related injury and assaults has been found effective in the UK. This protocol document outlines the design of an Australian multi-site trial using shared, anonymised ED data to reduce alcohol-related harm.

Design And Method: Nine hospitals will participate in a 36 month stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13266DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

A Mentor-Led Text-Messaging Intervention Increases Intake of Fruits and Vegetables and Goal Setting for Healthier Dietary Consumption among Rural Adolescents in Kentucky and North Carolina, 2017.

Nutrients 2019 Mar 11;11(3). Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, University of Kentucky, 206J Funkhouser Building, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.

Introduction-Text-messaging interventions hold promise for successful weight loss interventions. However, there is limited research on text-messaging interventions to improve dietary intake among rural adolescents, who are at greater risk for obesity and related risk factors. The goal of this study was to test an eight-week, mentor-led text-messaging intervention among 14⁻16-year-old rural adolescents: the "Go Big and Bring It Home" Project to improve fruit and vegetable and healthy beverage intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11030593DOI Listing

Hemodialysis interval and its association with emergency care and mortality: A nationwide population-based cohort study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(10):e14816

Department of Medical Research and Education, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) incidence in Taiwan is highest worldwide. This study analyzed the relationship between health resource use and patients on hemodialysis (HD) asking for medical help as well as the outcomes in Taiwan.This was a retrospective cohort study that analyzed the medical data of patients on dialysis, which were collected from the National Health Insurance Database of Taiwan for the period 2000 to 2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014816DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417509PMC

Planning for the future: Modelling daily emergency department presentations in an Australian capital city.

Emerg Med Australas 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Neuroepidemiology Unit, School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To describe and model a decade of ED presentations in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, from July 2000 to June 2010 and to validate the model of ED presentations by testing the model's performance in forecasting the subsequent 2 year period of daily presentations, from July 2010 to June 2012.

Methods: Retrospective analyses of prospectively collected data sourced from the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset were performed and included 13 public hospitals. Time series modelling involved unobserved components modelling and forward selection of variables using incidence rate ratios. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13245DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Acceleration of drinking pace throughout the evening among frequently drinking young adults in the Netherlands.

Addiction 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Montessorilaan 3, 6525 HR, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Background And Aims: Previous studies have found that in some countries 'drinking pace' (number of drinks consumed per hour) increases during the course of an evening. We aimed to provide evidence of this acceleration from a culture in which binge drinking is prevalent and to test whether this is consistent across gender, day of week and in high-risk drinkers.

Design: Event-level data collected on Thursday, Friday and Saturday evenings over 5 consecutive weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14588DOI Listing
February 2019

Characterisation of personal exposure to environmental radiofrequency electromagnetic fields in Albacete (Spain) and assessment of risk perception.

Environ Res 2019 Feb 12;172:109-116. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Medical Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete, Spain. Electronic address:

In the last decades, exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) has substantially increased as new wireless technologies have been introduced. Society has become more concerned about the possible effects of RF-EMF on human health in parallel to the increase in their exposure. The appearance of personal exposimeters opens up wide-ranging research possibilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.02.015DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Improving Longitudinal Survey Participation Among Internal Medicine Residents: Incorporating Behavioral Economic Techniques and Avoiding Friday or Saturday Invitations.

J Gen Intern Med 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

The Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 423 Guardian Drive, 13th Floor Blockley Hall, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11606-019-04836-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-04836-8DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

Daily variation in post traumatic stress symptoms in individuals with and without probable post traumatic stress disorder.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 4;19(1):56. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD, 20814, USA.

Background: Little is known about the extent to which post traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) vary from day to day in individuals with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study examined the variation of PTSS by day of the week, and whether daily or day of week variation differs between individuals with and without probable PTSD.

Methods: Subjects (N = 80) were assessed for probable PTSD at enrollment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2041-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360743PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Investigating and validating methods of monitoring foot-traffic in night-time entertainment precincts in Australia.

Int J Drug Policy 2019 Apr 24;66:23-29. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong Waterfront Campus, Vic, 3220, Australia.

Background: Assaults occur frequently in night-time entertainment precincts (NEPs), with rates typically reported using estimated resident population. However, this form of reporting does not accurately represent the number of people within the NEP at the time of an assault or potential fluctuations in density throughout the course of the night. As such, the aim of this study was to assess multiple methods of obtaining an accurate estimate of hourly foot-traffic within NEPs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.01.009DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Prophylactic efficacy of a human monoclonal antibody against MERS-CoV in the common marmoset.

Antiviral Res 2019 Mar 24;163:70-74. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Laboratory of Virology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, MT, USA. Electronic address:

Effective antiviral treatments for MERS-CoV are urgently needed. LCA60 is a MERS-CoV-neutralizing monoclonal antibody isolated from a convalescent MERS patient. Previously, it was shown that treatment with LCA60 resulted in reduced disease and virus titers in mouse models of MERS-CoV infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2019.01.016DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
3.938 Impact Factor

Distribution of migraine attacks over the days of the week: Preliminary results from a web-based questionnaire.

Acta Neurol Scand 2019 Apr 28;139(4):340-345. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Institute of Information Systems, University of Applied Sciences Hof, Hof, Germany.

Objectives: The purpose of this work is the analysis of migraine attack reports collected online within the project Migraine Radar in respect to the distribution of the migraine attacks over the week on a single-participant level.

Materials & Methods: Recording data using a web app as well as smartphone apps made it possible to collect data of 44 639 migraine attacks of 1085 participants who reported seven or more attacks over a participation period of at least 90 days. This allows the investigation of attack distributions on a single-participant level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ane.13065DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Fovea-sparing rhegmatogenous retinal detachments: impact of clinical factors including time to surgery on visual and anatomic outcomes.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019 May 11;257(5):883-889. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Retina Consultants of Houston, 6560 Fannin Street, Suite 750, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Purpose: Evaluate the impact of time to surgery and other clinical factors on visual and anatomic outcomes following surgical repair of fovea-sparing rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD).

Methods: Visual and anatomic outcomes were analyzed for their association with clinical factors, including lens status, preoperative visual acuity (VA), contralateral RRD, RRD symptom duration, time to surgery, single-operation anatomic success, number of quadrants involved, posterior RRD extent, RRD extent closest to the fovea, number of retinal breaks, quadrants with retinal breaks, and surgery performed Saturday or Sunday versus Monday-Friday.

Results: Medical records of 423 eyes with fovea-sparing RRD repaired with pneumatic retinopexy (PR), scleral buckle (SB), pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), and PPV with SB (PPV/SB) were included. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00417-018-04236-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-018-04236-4DOI Listing
May 2019
13 Reads
1.908 Impact Factor

Major trauma: Does weekend attendance increase 30-day mortality?

Injury 2019 Feb 2;50(2):351-357. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

St George's Hospital, Blackshaw Road, London, SW17 0QT, United Kingdom.

Background: Differing mortality rates according to day of hospital admission is an area of debate, where a supposed increased rate of mortality with weekend admissions has been termed "the weekend effect". We sought to identify the 30-day mortality rates in major trauma patients attending our Major Trauma Centre (MTC) and the underlying reasons for these.

Methods: A retrospective review of data retrieved from the Trauma Audit and Research Network (TARN) database was undertaken for all patients attending between January 2013 and July 2015 with an Injury Severity Score of 9 or higher. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

SARS-Like Coronavirus WIV1-CoV Does Not Replicate in Egyptian Fruit Bats ().

Viruses 2018 12 19;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Laboratory of Virology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, MT 59840, USA.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-like WIV1-coronavirus (CoV) was first isolated from bats and can use the human angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor. In the current study, we investigate the ability of WIV1-CoV to infect bats. No clinical signs were observed throughout the experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v10120727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6316779PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Otolaryngology Residency Interviewing Dates and Practices: What Should an Applicant Expect?

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: Scheduling otolaryngology interviews may be a challenge for residency applicants due to overlapping interview dates. Our objective was to identify otolaryngology interview date patterns and scheduling conflicts over the past six application cycles.

Study Design: Retrospective review of otolaryngology online forums (Otomatch. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27626DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Association of Friday School Report Card Release With Saturday Incidence Rates of Agency-Verified Physical Child Abuse.

JAMA Pediatr 2019 Feb;173(2):176-182

Division of Child Protection and Forensic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, Jacksonville.

Importance: Corporal punishment is a leading risk factor for physical abuse. Strong anecdotal evidence from physicians and other professionals working in child protection suggest that punishment-initiated physical abuse for school-aged children increases after release of report cards. However, no empirical examination of this association has occurred. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439612PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Diel and infradian (7-day) activity rhythms in Mexican spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) kept with and without visitor contact.

Am J Primatol 2018 Dec;80(12):e22933

Department of Animal Physiology, Institute for Zoology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Diel activity rhythms in mammals are regulated by an endogenous (circadian) timing system which is synchronized by environmental 24-hr periodicities called zeitgebers. Additional direct responses to stochastic environmental factors ensure the fine-tuning to the actual situation and may mask the circadian time course. Following an observational study on behavioral effects of visitor activities in a group of spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) kept free-ranging on a small island of Lake Catemaco, Veracruz, Mexico, we analyzed the effect of weekly varying numbers of visiting tourist boats on the monkeys' diel activity rhythm. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajp.22933
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22933DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Off the rails-Evaluating the nightlife impact of Melbourne, Australia's 24-h public transport trial.

Int J Drug Policy 2019 Jan 23;63:39-46. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

School of Psychology, Faculty of Health, Deakin University Geelong, Waterfront Campus, Locked Bag 20001, Geelong, VIC, 3220, Australia.

Background: This paper evaluates the impact of the AU$83 million introduction of 24-h public transport (PT) in Melbourne, Australia on Friday and Saturday nights on a sample of nightlife venues and venue patrons. This sample was selected because a primary reason for the introduction of 24 h PT was to provide a safe means of travel home for nightlife attendees.

Methods: Covert venue observations (pre-post) and a convenience sample of nightlife patron interviews (post-only) were conducted to measure the impact of 24-h PT on venues and venue patrons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.10.006DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

A case report of epiploic appendagitis as a mimic of acute cholecystitis.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 13;53:327-329. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

NHS Western Isles, Western Isles Hospital, Macaulay Road, Stonorway, HS12AF, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Introduction: Epiploic appendagitis is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain. It's presentation often mimics other causes of acute abdominal pain. It is important for clinicians to be aware of an epiploic appendagitis since a delay in diagnosis can lead to unnecessary hospital stay, antibiotic usage and surgical intervention [1-4]). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260399PMC
November 2018
22 Reads

Children's healthy and unhealthy beverage availability, purchase and consumption: A wearable camera study.

Appetite 2019 Feb 20;133:240-251. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

University of Otago, 23a Mein St, Newtown, 6242, Wellington, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Children's sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) consumption presents significant risks for obesity, type 2 diabetes and dental health. But there is a lack of objective data on beverages in children's overall environments. This study aimed to determine the nature and extent of children's beverage availability, purchase and consumption, throughout their day, using wearable cameras for data collection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2018.11.004DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Barriers and outcomes associated with unfulfilled requests for permanent contraception following vaginal delivery.

Contraception 2019 Feb 19;99(2):98-103. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave, Box 668, Rochester, NY 14642. Electronic address:

Objectives: To identify barriers to postpartum permanent contraception procedures after vaginal delivery and to explore contraceptive and reproductive outcomes of women who experience unfulfilled requests.

Study Design: We performed a retrospective cohort study of women requesting postpartum permanent contraception after vaginal delivery from 7/1/11 to 6/30/14 at Strong Memorial Hospital in Rochester, NY. We ascertained patient characteristics and outcomes through electronic medical records and birth certificate data search. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2018.11.005DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Young adults do not catch up missed drinks when starting later at night-An ecological momentary assessment study.

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2019 Apr 1;27(2):160-165. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Radboud University.

Drinking heavily in a short period is associated with significant health risks. However, little is known about when heavy drinking occurs during an evening. Recently, research found that individuals increase their drinking pace across the evening, speeding up their drinking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pha0000236DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Dental Caries in European Adults and Senior Citizens 1996-2016: ORCA Saturday Afternoon Symposium in Greifswald, Germany - Part II.

Caries Res 2019 18;53(3):242-252. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Center for Dental and Oral Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

This review assesses the development of oral health habits and status in European adults (35-44 years old) and senior citizens (65-74 years old) over the period of 1996-2016. There seem to be good opportunities for improving oral health habits by brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste among adults, as only 33-85% reported doing so. Caries experience was extensive among adults (≥92%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492676DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Factors associated with unplanned readmissions within 1 day of acute care discharge: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Sep 14;18(1):713. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Eastern Health, Box Hill, Australia.

Background: Unplanned hospital readmissions are a quality and safety indicator. In Australian, 8% to 11.1% of unplanned readmissions occur ≤1 day of acute care discharge. Read More

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https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3527-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137861PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

Lightning accidents in the Austrian alps - a 10-year retrospective nationwide analysis.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2018 Sep 10;26(1):74. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Hospital of the Brothers of St. John of God Salzburg, Teaching Hospital of the Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Lightning strikes are rare but potentially lethal. The risk for suffering a lightning strike in a mountain environment is unknown. The aim of this nationwide study was to analyse all lightning accidents in the Austrian Alps from 2005 to 2015, to assess the circumstances of the accident, the injury pattern as well as the outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13049-018-0543-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131802PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Informal caregiving and personality: Results of a population-based longitudinal study in Germany.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(9):e0203586. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: The aim of this study was to identify whether informal caregiving time is associated with personality factors longitudinally.

Methods: Longitudinal data were gathered from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), a large nationally representative, longitudinal study of German households beginning in 1984. Focusing on the association between informal caregiving and personality factors, data were used from the years 2005, 2009 and 2013. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0203586PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126863PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Characteristics of large patient-reported outcomes: Where can one million seizures get us?

Epilepsia Open 2018 Sep 4;3(3):364-373. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Neurology Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center Bronx New York U.S.A.

Objective: To analyze data from Seizure Tracker, a large electronic seizure diary, including comparison of seizure characteristics among different etiologies, temporal patterns in seizure fluctuations, and specific triggers.

Methods: Zero-inflated negative binomial mixed-effects models were used to evaluate temporal patterns of seizure events (during the day or week), as well as group differences in monthly seizure frequency between children and adults and between etiologies. The association of long seizures with seizure triggers was evaluated using a mixed-effects logistic model with subject as the random effect. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/epi4.12237
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/epi4.12237DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6119749PMC
September 2018
10 Reads

Urban-rural disparities in office-based dermatological services in Taiwan - a nationwide survey.

Rural Remote Health 2018 08 31;18(3):4730. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Dermatology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; and School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC

Introduction: Shortages and maldistribution of dermatology services have negative impacts on the quality of care for patients with skin problems. Only a limited amount of literature is available regarding the current state of dermatologic services in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to examine the urban-rural distribution of dermatologists and office-based dermatology services in Taiwan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22605/RRH4730DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read
0.870 Impact Factor

Saturday night vasculitis.

Med Clin (Barc) 2019 Apr 23;152(7):e37-e38. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias, España.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medcli.2018.06.013DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads
1.252 Impact Factor

Weekly enrollment and usage patterns in an Internet smoking cessation intervention.

Internet Interv 2017 Sep 28;9:100-105. Epub 2017 Jul 28.

Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies at Truth Initiative, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: Previous analyses of Google search queries identified circaseptan (weekly) rhythms in smoking cessation information seeking, with Google searches for "quit" and "smoking" peaking early in the week. Similar patterns were observed for smoking cessation treatment seeking, such as calls to quitlines. These findings suggest that smoking cessation behaviors may have a weekly rhythm that could be leveraged to improve smoking cessation efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2017.07.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6096301PMC
September 2017
1 Read

Context Matters: Examining Perceived Health and Fitness Outcomes of Physical Activity Participation Among South Korean Adults and Youth.

Int J Behav Med 2018 Oct;25(5):548-557

Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport, and Recreation, 1-141 University Hall, University of Alberta, 116 St & 85 Ave, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2R3, Canada.

Purpose: To examine associations between physical activity contexts and health and fitness perceptions among Korean adults and youth.

Method: Data were from the Korean Survey on Citizens' Sports Participation in 2015. Korean youth (N = 832; M = 14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12529-018-9743-yDOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Understanding preferences for HIV care and treatment in Zambia: Evidence from a discrete choice experiment among patients who have been lost to follow-up.

PLoS Med 2018 08 13;15(8):e1002636. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Background: In public health HIV treatment programs in Africa, long-term retention remains a challenge. A number of improvement strategies exist (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002636DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6089406PMC
August 2018
6 Reads

Pathogenicity of Ebola and Marburg Viruses Is Associated With Differential Activation of the Myeloid Compartment in Humanized Triple Knockout-Bone Marrow, Liver, and Thymus Mice.

J Infect Dis 2018 Nov;218(suppl_5):S409-S417

Laboratory of Virology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Hamilton, Montana.

Ebola virus (EBOV) and Marburg virus (MARV) outbreaks are highly lethal, and infection results in a hemorrhagic fever with complex etiology. These zoonotic viruses dysregulate the immune system to cause disease, in part by replicating within myeloid cells that would normally innately control viral infection and shape the adaptive immune response. We used triple knockout (TKO)-bone marrow, liver, thymus (BLT) humanized mice to recapitulate the early in vivo human immune response to filovirus infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249575PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

What Reminds Young People That They Drank More Than Intended on Weekend Nights: An Event-Level Study.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2018 Jul;79(4):644-648

Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: Young people often drink more alcohol than intended over the course of a night. This study investigates individual and night-specific factors predicting young people's acknowledgment of having drunk more than intended.

Method: Using the Youth@Night smartphone application, 176 people aged 16-25 documented 757 Friday and Saturday nights. Read More

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July 2018
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A rapid response system reduces the incidence of in-hospital postoperative cardiopulmonary arrest: a retrospective study.

Can J Anaesth 2018 Dec 3;65(12):1303-1313. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Interdepartment of Critical Care Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Rapid response systems (RRSs) have been introduced into hospitals to help reduce the incidence of sudden cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA). This study evaluated whether an RRS reduces the incidence of in-hospital postoperative CPA.

Methods: This retrospective before-and-after analysis evaluated data collected from electronic medical records during a pre-intervention (January 2008 to September 2012) and post-intervention (implementation of an RRS) interval (October 2012 to December 2016) at a single tertiary care institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12630-018-1200-5DOI Listing
December 2018
50 Reads
2.530 Impact Factor

Parks After Dark Evaluation Brief.

Policy Brief UCLA Cent Health Policy Res 2017 08;2017(7):1-16

Parks after Dark is a Los Angeles County (County) program that began in 2010 as the primary prevention strategy of the County's Gang Violence Reduction Initiative. It has since evolved into a key County strategy to promote health, safety, equity, and community well-being. Led by the Department of Parks and Recreation (DPR), PAD is a collaboration of multiple County departments as well as community agencies. Read More

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August 2017
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Human Polyclonal Antibodies Produced by Transchromosomal Cattle Provide Partial Protection Against Lethal Zaire Ebolavirus Challenge in Rhesus Macaques.

J Infect Dis 2018 Nov;218(suppl_5):S658-S661

Laboratory of Virology, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana.

Antibody therapy has been used to treat a variety of diseases and the success of ZMapp and other monoclonal antibody-based therapies during the 2014-2016 West African Ebola outbreak has shown this countermeasure can be a successful therapy for Ebola hemorrhagic fever. This study utilized transchromosomal bovines (TcB) vaccinated with a DNA plasmid encoding Ebola virus glycoprotein sequence to produce human polyclonal antibodies directed against Ebola virus glycoprotein. When administered 1 day postinfection, these TcB polyclonal antibodies provided partial protection and resulted in a 50% survival rate following a lethal challenge of Ebola virus Makona in rhesus macaques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy430DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249563PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Atrial Fibrillation and the Weekend Effect Regarding Cardioversion, Length of Stay, Readmission, and Mortality.

Crit Pathw Cardiol 2018 09;17(3):111-113

From the Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY.

Background: The weekend effect is a phenomenon in which worse outcomes have been found to occur over the weekend. This has been investigated in the context of stroke, ST-elevation myocardial infarction, and pulmonary embolism among others. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia, and admissions for AF have been increasing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HPC.0000000000000128DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Sleep latency versus shuteye latency: Prevalence, predictors and relation to insomnia symptoms in a representative sample of adults.

J Sleep Res 2018 Dec 23;27(6):e12737. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Department of Communication Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Shuteye latency (SEL) refers to the time spent performing activities in bed before attempting sleep. This study investigates (a) the prevalence, duration and predictors of SEL, (b) its association with insomnia symptoms (sleep onset latency [SOL], sleep quality and fatigue), and (c) the activities engaged in during SEL. A representative sample of 584 adults (18-96 years old) participated in an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12737DOI Listing
December 2018
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The neural development of pragmatic inference-making in natural discourse.

Dev Sci 2018 11 20;21(6):e12678. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Institut des Sciences Cognitives Marc Jeannerod - UMR 5304, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and Université de Lyon, Lyon, France.

Older interlocutors are more likely than younger ones to make pragmatic inferences, that is, inferences that go beyond the linguistically encoded meaning of a sentence. Here we ask whether pragmatic development is associated with increased activity in brain structures associated with inference-making or in those associated with Theory of Mind. We employed a reading task that presents vignettes in one of two versions, one of which is expected to prompt more pragmatic processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/desc.12678DOI Listing
November 2018
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Not your average Saturday night palsy-High resolution nerve ultrasound resolves rare cause of wrist drop.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 Sep 9;172:160-161. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Hans Berger Department of Neurology, Jena University Hospital, Jena, Germany. Electronic address:

We present a case of a patient with acute wrist drop caused by radial nerve torsion. NCS showed axonal lesion of the radial nerve. High-resolution ultrasound was able to visualize a constriction of the radial nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2018.07.006DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

A Health Professions Pipeline for Underrepresented Students: Middle and High School Initiatives.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2019 Feb 16;6(1):207-213. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Department of Health Career Opportunity Programs, UConn Health, Schools of Medicine and Dental Medicine, Farmington, CT, 06030-3920, USA.

The Department of Health Career Opportunity Programs at UConn Health has developed the Aetna Health Professions Partnership Initiative (Aetna HPPI), a formal education consortium offering a comprehensive program of educational enrichment and support activities for underrepresented and first-generation students. The purpose is to identify and develop a diverse applicant pool of students who will eventually enter a health professions career with a focus on medicine and dental medicine. Activities are conducted for students in middle school through college. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40615-018-0515-9DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

An observational national study of anaesthetic workload and seniority across the working week and weekend in the UK in 2016: the 6th National Audit Project (NAP6) Activity Survey.

Br J Anaesth 2018 Jul 21;121(1):134-145. Epub 2018 May 21.

Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK; Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK (British Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology); Manchester Academic Heath Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Background: UK national anaesthetic activity was studied in 2013 but weekend working was not examined. Understanding changes since 2013 in workload and manpower distribution, including weekends, would be of value in workforce planning.

Methods: We performed an observational survey of NHS hospitals' anaesthetic practice in October 2016 as part of the 6th National Audit Project of the Royal College of Anaesthetists (NAP6). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2018.04.010DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read