82 results match your criteria Sarcomatoid and Rhabdoid Renal Cell Carcinoma


Papillary renal neoplasm with reverse polarity with a favorable prognosis should be separated from papillary renal cell carcinoma.

Hum Pathol 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Pathology, Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Papillary renal neoplasm with reverse polarity (PRNRP) is a newly documented renal entity with an easily recognizable morphology, distinct immunohistochemical profiles, and frequent KRAS mutations. The latest practice guidelines regard PRNRP as a subtype of papillary renal cell carcinoma due to the documented chromosomal alterations of 7, 17, and Y. This study included 20 patients with PRNRP and 30 patients with PRCC. Read More

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Pathological and genetic markers improve recurrence prognostication with the University of California Los Angeles Integrated Staging System for patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

Eur J Cancer 2022 06 20;168:68-76. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Institute of Urologic Oncology at the Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, USA.

Purpose: To elucidate which patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma have the highest risk for disease relapse after curative nephrectomy is challenging but is acutely relevant in the era of approved adjuvant therapies. Pathological and genetic markers were used to improve the University of California Los Angeles Integrated Staging System (UISS) for the risk stratification and prognostication of recurrence free survival (RFS).

Patients And Methods: Necrosis, sarcomatoid features, Rhabdoid features, chromosomal loss 9p, combined chromosomal loss 3p14q and microvascular invasion (MVI) were tested in univariable and multivariable analyses for their ability to improve the discriminatory ability of the UISS. Read More

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PBRM1 Immunohistochemical Expression Profile Correlates with Histomorphological Features and Endothelial Expression of Tumor Vasculature for Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Feb 20;14(4). Epub 2022 Feb 20.

Department of Pathology, Kansai Medical University, 2-3-1 Shin-machi, Hirakata 573-1191, Japan.

Loss of the polybromo-1 (PBRM1) protein has been expected as a possible biomarker for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). There is little knowledge about how PBRM1 immunohistochemical expression correlates with the histomorphological features of ccRCC and the endothelial expression of tumor vasculature. The present study evaluates the association of architectural patterns with the PBRM1 expression of cancer cells using a cohort of 425 patients with nonmetastatic ccRCC. Read More

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February 2022

Histologic Growth Patterns in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Stratify Patients into Survival Risk Groups.

Clin Genitourin Cancer 2022 06 13;20(3):e233-e243. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Pathology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT; ARUP Institute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology, Salt Lake City, UT; Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, UT.

Introduction: Genomic and morphologic heterogeneity in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) presents a barrier to prognostication and treatment decisions. Data from pathology are used with clinical markers to predict disease progression after nephrectomy. However, determining the risk of cancer recurrence, and survival with metastatic cancer remains challenging. Read More

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Gross reporting of adult kidney tumor specimens: A comprehensive evidence-based review.

Indian J Cancer 2021 Oct-Dec;58(4):493-500

Department of Pathology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Renal tumors comprise a wide spectrum of benign and malignant tumors. The important prognostic factors in renal cell carcinoma include pathological stage, tumor grade, morphological type, sarcomatoid/rhabdoid differentiation, and tumor necrosis. Therefore, the pathologist needs to be fully aware of how to gross nephrectomy specimens to be able to accurately provide the above prognostic information while reporting adult kidney tumors. Read More

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February 2022

Development and validation of a vascularity-based architectural classification for clear cell renal cell carcinoma: correlation with conventional pathological prognostic factors, gene expression patterns, and clinical outcomes.

Mod Pathol 2022 Jun 30;35(6):816-824. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Department of Pathology, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1191, Japan.

The prognostic significance of an architectural grading system for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has recently been demonstrated. The present study aimed to establish a vascularity-based architectural classification using the cohort of 436 patients with localized ccRCC who underwent extirpative surgery and correlated the findings with conventional pathologic factors, gene expression, and prognosis. First, we assessed architectural patterns in the highest-grade area on hematoxylin and eosin-stained slides, then separately evaluated our surrogate score for vascularity. Read More

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Undifferentiated and dedifferentiated urological carcinomas: lessons learned from the recent developments.

Semin Diagn Pathol 2021 Nov 20;38(6):152-162. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen, Charles University, Pilsen, Czech Republic.

Loss of the morphological and immunophenotypic characteristics of a neoplasm is a well-known phenomenon in surgical pathology and occurs across different tumor types in almost all organs. This process may be either partial, characterized by transition from well differentiated to undifferentiated tumor component (=dedifferentiated carcinomas) or complete (=undifferentiated carcinomas). Diagnosis of undifferentiated carcinoma is significantly influenced by the extent of sampling. Read More

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November 2021

Predictors of postoperative recurrence in patients with non-metastatic pT3a renal cell carcinoma.

Int J Urol 2021 10 3;28(10):1060-1066. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of, Urology and Andrology, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka, Japan.

Objective: To analyze the effect of patterns of extrarenal tumor extension with other pathological factors on postoperative recurrence in patients with non-metastatic pT3a renal cell carcinoma.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 587 non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients who underwent radical surgery between 2006 and 2017 at Kansai Medical University Hospital, Hirakata, Osaka, Japan. We extracted a subset of 114 patients with pT3a of predominant histological types: 93 with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (81. Read More

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October 2021

Improving Renal Tumor Biopsy Prognostication With BAP1 Analyses.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2022 01;146(2):154-165

Hematology-Oncology Division in Internal Medicine (Brugarolas).

Context.—: Active surveillance of small renal masses highlights the need for accurate prognostication of biopsies.

Objective. Read More

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January 2022

Can renalase be a novel candidate biomarker for distinguishing renal tumors?

Biotech Histochem 2021 Oct 14;96(7):520-525. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Medical Biochemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, Firat Hormones Research Group, School of Medicine, Firat University Elazig, Elazig, Turkey.

Renalase (RNLS) is synthesized mainly in renal tissues. The function of RNLS in cancerous renal tissues has not been investigated. We investigated the synthesis of RNLS in chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, papillary renal cell carcinoma and clear cell renal cell carcinoma with Fuhrman grades (FG): FG1, nucleoli are absent or inconspicuous and basophilic; FG2, nucleoli are conspicuous and eosinophilic and visible but not prominent; FG3, nucleoli are conspicuous and eosinophilic; FG4, extreme nuclear pleomorphism, multinucleate giant cells, and/or rhabdoid and/or sarcomatoid differentiation. Read More

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October 2021

Ferroportin and FBXL5 as Prognostic Markers in Advanced Stage Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Cancer Res Treat 2021 Oct 17;53(4):1174-1183. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Advanced stage clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) involves a poor prognosis. Several studies have reported that dysfunctions in iron metabolism‒related proteins may cause tumor progression and metastasis of this carcinoma. In this study, we investigated the impact of the expression of iron metabolism‒related proteins on patient prognoses in advanced stage ccRCCs. Read More

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October 2021

Characterizing sarcomatoid and rhabdoid RCC.

Authors:
Louise Stone

Nat Rev Urol 2021 04;18(4):189

Nature Reviews Urology, .

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Integrase Interactor 1 (INI-1) Deficient Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Cureus 2021 Feb 2;13(2):e13082. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Hematology and Oncology, St Agnes Medical Center, Fresno, USA.

Members of the SWItch/sucrose nonfermentable (SWI-SNF) family, including SWI/SNF related, matrix-associated, actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily A, member 4 (SMARCA4), SWI/SNF related, matrix-associated, actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily B member 1 (SMARCB1)/integrase interactor 1 (INI-1) are known tumor suppressor genes. Interactions between SMARCB1/INI-1 and key protein components in various cellular pathways are related to tumor progression and proliferation.SMARCB1/INI-1 protein was undetectable in rhabdoid tumor cells, whereas non-tumorous cells express the SMARCB1/INI-1 genes. Read More

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February 2021

New developments in existing WHO entities and evolving molecular concepts: The Genitourinary Pathology Society (GUPS) update on renal neoplasia.

Mod Pathol 2021 07 4;34(7):1392-1424. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Pathology MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

The Genitourinary Pathology Society (GUPS) reviewed recent advances in renal neoplasia, particularly post-2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification, to provide an update on existing entities, including diagnostic criteria, molecular correlates, and updated nomenclature. Key prognostic features for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remain WHO/ISUP grade, AJCC/pTNM stage, coagulative necrosis, and rhabdoid and sarcomatoid differentiation. Accrual of subclonal genetic alterations in clear cell RCC including SETD2, PBRM1, BAP1, loss of chromosome 14q and 9p are associated with variable prognosis, patterns of metastasis, and vulnerability to therapies. Read More

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Integrative molecular characterization of sarcomatoid and rhabdoid renal cell carcinoma.

Nat Commun 2021 02 5;12(1):808. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA.

Sarcomatoid and rhabdoid (S/R) renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are highly aggressive tumors with limited molecular and clinical characterization. Emerging evidence suggests immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) are particularly effective for these tumors, although the biological basis for this property is largely unknown. Here, we evaluate multiple clinical trial and real-world cohorts of S/R RCC to characterize their molecular features, clinical outcomes, and immunologic characteristics. Read More

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February 2021

Fumarate hydratase-deficient renal cell carcinoma: A clinicopathological study of seven cases including hereditary and sporadic forms.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2020 Dec 24;49:151599. Epub 2020 Aug 24.

Department of Surgical Pathology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) has been incorporated into the recent international histological classification of renal tumors. However, to date, there are limited studies describing the clinicopathological features of fumarate hydratase (FH)-deficient RCC, including the hereditary (HLRCC) and sporadic forms. Herein, we present a clinicopathological study of seven cases with FH-deficient RCC. Read More

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December 2020

The SSPN Score, a Novel Scoring System Incorporating PBRM1 Expression, Predicts Postoperative Recurrence for Patients with Non-metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Apr 17;28(4):2359-2366. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Department of Urology and Andrology, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka, Japan.

Background: The loss of PBRM1 expression (as identified by immunohistochemistry) is associated with a high risk of postoperative recurrence for patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). The authors developed a scoring system to predict recurrence based on clinicopathologic factors incorporating PBRM1 expression.

Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed 479 ccRCC patients who underwent radical surgery between 2006 and 2017. Read More

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Comprehensive evaluation of Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT parameters for discriminating pathological characteristics in primary clear-cell renal cell carcinoma.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2021 02 4;48(2):561-569. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Urology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Institute of Urology Nanjing University, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, No. 321 Zhongshan Road, Nanjing, 210008, Jiangsu Province, China.

Purpose: To evaluate parameters derived from Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT images for discriminating pathological characteristics in primary clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).

Methods: The study retrospectively examined data for 36 ccRCC patients with preoperative Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT scan and surgical specimens. Radiological parameters including maximal tumor diameter, mean CT value, and maximal standard uptake value (SUV) were derived from PET/CT images. Read More

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February 2021

ALK rearranged renal cell carcinoma (ALK-RCC): a multi-institutional study of twelve cases with identification of novel partner genes CLIP1, KIF5B and KIAA1217.

Mod Pathol 2020 12 28;33(12):2564-2579. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen, Charles University, Pilsen, Czech Republic.

ALK rearranged renal cell carcinoma (ALK-RCC) has recently been included in 2016 WHO classification as a provisional entity. In this study, we describe 12 ALK-RCCs from 8 institutions, with detailed clinical, pathological, immunohistochemical (IHC), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and next generation sequencing (NGS) analyses. Patients' age ranged from 25 to 68 years (mean, 46. Read More

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December 2020

The SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex status in renal cell carcinomas with sarcomatoid or rhabdoid features.

Virchows Arch 2020 Nov 23;477(5):651-660. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Maidashi 3-1-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

The presence of sarcomatoid or rhabdoid features (which are associated with advanced disease and poor prognosis) is rarely observed in the subtypes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex, which is composed of evolutionarily conserved core subunits including SMARCB1/INI1 (SMARCB1), SMARCA4/BRG1 (SMARCA4), SMARCC1/BAF155 (SMARCC1), and SMARCC2/BAF170 (SMARCC2), can be regarded as the prototype of an epigenetic regulator of gene expression that is involved in tumor suppression. We analyzed the histological, immunohistochemical, and clinicopathological status in 72 cases of RCC with sarcomatoid or rhabdoid features, focusing on the expression status of the subunits of SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex proteins. Read More

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November 2020

Programmed death ligand 1/indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 expression and tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte status in renal cell carcinoma with sarcomatoid changes and rhabdoid features.

Hum Pathol 2020 07 30;101:31-39. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan. Electronic address:

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with sarcomatoid changes and rhabdoid features has shown poor outcomes. Several immune checkpoint inhibitors including programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) inhibitors have been approved for the treatment of RCC. Combination therapy using PD-1/PD-L1 and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) inhibitors has also been used to treat various malignancies. Read More

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Renal Cell Carcinoma: Comparison between Variant Histology and Clear Cell Carcinoma across All Stages and Treatment Modalities.

J Urol 2020 10 6;204(4):671-676. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Cancer Prognostics and Health Outcomes Unit, Division of Urology, University of Montréal Health Center, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Purpose: We evaluated stage at presentation and cancer specific mortality according to variant histology relative to clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

Materials And Methods: Within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry (2001-2016) we identified variant histology and clear cell renal cell carcinoma cases. Cumulative incidence plots, multivariate Cox regression models matched for stage, grade and other patient characteristics addressed cancer specific mortality. Read More

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October 2020

Impact of sarcomatoid differentiation and rhabdoid differentiation on prognosis for renal cell carcinoma with vena caval tumour thrombus treated surgically.

BMC Urol 2020 Feb 18;20(1):14. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital, 49 North Garden Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100191, People's Republic of China.

Background: Sarcomatoid differentiation in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with vena caval tumour thrombus has been shown to be associated with aggressive behaviours and poor prognosis; however, evidence of the impact of rhabdoid differentiation on prognosis is lacking. This study evaluated the impact of sarcomatoid differentiation and rhabdoid differentiation on oncological outcomes for RCC with vena caval tumour thrombus treated surgically.

Methods: We retrospectively analysed patients treated surgically for RCC with vena caval tumour thrombus at our institute from Jan 2015 to Nov 2018. Read More

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February 2020

Clinicopathologic analysis of upper urinary tract carcinoma with variant histology.

Virchows Arch 2020 Jul 16;477(1):111-120. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Surgery and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Cordoba University, Cordoba, Spain.

We report on the clinicopathologic features of 115 cases of high-grade urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract with variant histology present in 39 (34%). Variant histology was typically seen in high pathological stage (pT2-pT4) (82%, 32 cases) patients with lower survival rate (70%, 27 cases, median survival 31 months) and consisted in urothelial with one (23%), two (3%), and three or more variants (3%); 4% of cases presented with pure variant histology. Squamous divergent differentiation was the most common variant (7%) followed by sarcomatoid (6%) and glandular (4%), followed by 3% each of micropapillary, diffuse-plasmacytoid, inverted growth, clear cell glycogenic, or lipid-rich. Read More

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Adverse Histopathologic Characteristics in Small Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinomas Have Negative Impact on Prognosis: A Study of 631 Cases With Clinical Follow-up.

Am J Surg Pathol 2019 10;43(10):1413-1420

Departments of Pathology.

Tumor size has been used for decision making in the management of patients with renal masses. Active surveillance in selected patients is now increasingly common in tumors ≤4 cm in size. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is the most common type of renal malignancy. Read More

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October 2019

Dataset for the reporting of renal biopsy for tumour: recommendations from the International Collaboration on Cancer Reporting (ICCR).

J Clin Pathol 2019 Sep 12;72(9):573-578. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Department of Pathology, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The International Collaboration on Cancer Reporting (ICCR) has developed a suite of detailed datasets for international implementation. These datasets are based on the reporting protocols developed by the Royal College of Pathologists (UK), The Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia and the College of American Pathologists, with modifications undertaken by international expert groups appointed according to ICCR protocols. The dataset for the reporting of renal biopsy for tumour is designed to provide a structured reporting template containing minimum data recording key elements suitable for international use. Read More

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September 2019

The Complete Spectrum of Infiltrative Renal Masses: Clinical Characteristics and Prognostic Implications.

Urology 2019 Aug 8;130:86-92. Epub 2019 May 8.

Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address:

Objective: To analyze the full spectrum of patients presenting with radiologically-identified infiltrative renal masses (IRMs), including those managed surgically or otherwise, with focus on clinical presentation/prognosis.

Methods: All 280 patients presenting with radiologically-identified renal mass with infiltrative features (2008-2017) were retrospectively reviewed. Poorly-defined interface between tumor and parenchyma and irregular shape (nonelliptical) in one or more distinct/unequivocal areas were required for classification as IRM. Read More

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Anaplastic sarcoma of the kidney: Case report and literature review.

Ci Ji Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Apr-Jun;31(2):129-132

Department of Pathology, Ditmanson Medical Foundation, Chiayi Christian Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan.

We present a case of a 22-year-old female with gross hematuria for 1 month. A 9.5-cm tumor was found at her left kidney. Read More

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JAK2/PD-L1/PD-L2 (9p24.1) amplifications in renal cell carcinomas with sarcomatoid transformation: implications for clinical management.

Mod Pathol 2019 09 17;32(9):1344-1358. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Amplifications of JAK2, PD-L1, and PD-L2 at 9p24.1 lead to constitutive expression of PD-L1. This, coupled with JAK2-activation dependent upregulation of PD-L1 and adaptive/induced expression leads to higher tumor PD-L1 expression and immune evasion. Read More

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September 2019