Clin Geriatr Med 2021 05 23;37(2):327-345. Epub 2021 Mar 23.
Department of Neurology, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1101 East Marshall Street, PO Box 980599, Richmond, VA 23298, USA. Electronic address:
This article discusses the chronic immune-mediated polyneuropathies, a broad category of acquired polyneuropathies that encompasses chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), the most common immune-mediated neuropathy, the CIDP variants, and the vasculitic neuropathies. Polyneuropathies associated with rheumatological diseases and systemic inflammatory diseases, such as sarcoidosis, will also be briefly covered. These patients' history, examination, serum studies, and electrodiagnostic studies, as well as histopathological findings in the case of vasculitis, confirm the diagnosis and differentiate them from the more common length-dependent polyneuropathies. Read More