J AAPOS 2007 Jun 25;11(3):288-90. Epub 2007 Jan 25.
Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Hypoparathyroidism-retardation-dysmorphism (HRD; Sanjad-Sakati Syndrome; Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man [OMIM] #241410) is a rare recessive syndrome predominantly seen on the Arabian Peninsula and characterized by congenital hypoparathyroidism, intrauterine growth retardation, mental retardation, seizures, and a typical facial dysmorphism (prominent forehead, deep-set eyes, and abnormal external ears).(1,2) To date, the same homozygous deletion in TBCE (155-166del) has been reported in all Saudi Arabian patients with HRD(1) as well as in all Saudi Arabian patients with Kenny-Caffey syndrome (OMIM #244460),(1) a syndrome with a phenotype that resembles that of HRD but is characterized by the presence of normal intelligence, late closure of the anterior fontanelle, macrocephaly, and postnatal (rather than prenatal) growth retardation.(1,3) Nanophthalmos and corneal opacity have been documented in Kenny-Caffey syndrome patients,(4) but ocular disease has not been well-described in HRD. Read More