41,258 results match your criteria Salmonellosis


Vaccines for preventing invasive salmonella infections in people with sickle cell disease.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 5;12:CD006975. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Paediatrics, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, PMB 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria, 540261.

Background: Salmonella infections are a common bacterial cause of invasive disease in people with sickle cell disease especially children, and are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Although available in some centres, people with sickle cell anaemia are not routinely immunized with salmonella vaccines. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane Review. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Developing a risk management framework to improve public health outcomes by enumerating Salmonella in ground turkey.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Environmental Health Sciences,School of Public Health,University of Minnesota,Saint Paul,USA.

Salmonella spp. continue to be a leading cause of foodborne morbidity worldwide. To assess the risk of foodborne disease, current national regulatory schemes focus on prevalence estimates of Salmonella and other pathogens. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The composition of a bioprocessed shiitake (Lentinus edodes) mushroom mycelia and rice bran formulation and its antimicrobial effects against Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium strain SL1344 in macrophage cells and in mice.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2018 Dec 5;18(1):322. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Western Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Albany, CA, 94710, USA.

Background: Human infection by pathogenic Salmonella bacteria can be acquired by consuming of undercooked meat products and eggs. Antimicrobial resistance against antibiotics used in medicine is also a major concern. To help overcome these harmful effects on microbial food safety and human health, we are developing novel antimicrobial food-compatible formulations, one of which is described in the present study. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Diversity of Salmonella serotypes from humans, food, domestic animals and wildlife in New South Wales, Australia.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 5;18(1):623. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Science, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Salmonella is an important human pathogen in Australia and annual case rates continue to increase. In addition to foodborne exposures, cases have been associated with animal and contaminated environment contact. However, routine surveillance in Australia has tended to focus on humans and food, with no reported attempts to collate and compare Salmonella data from a wider range of potential sources of exposure. Read More

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December 2018

Emergence of Multi-Resistant Enteric Infection In A Paediatric Unit Of Karachi, Pakistan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1848-1850

Postgraduate trainee, Department of Paediatrics, Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi Medical and Denatl College.

From June 2018, onwards, there has been an upsurge of multi-resistant enteric infections in children admitted from various catchment areas of Abbasi Shaheed Hospital (ASH). This is a serious concern as very few antibiotics are available to treat the children. Children from June 2018 to September 2018 of age groups 5. Read More

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December 2018

Toward Cell Type-Specific In Vivo Dual RNA-Seq.

Methods Enzymol 2018 25;612:505-522. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Institute of Molecular Infection Biology (IMIB), University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany; Helmholtz Institute for RNA-Based Infection Research (HIRI), Würzburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Dual RNA-seq has emerged as a genome-wide expression profiling technique, simultaneously measuring RNA transcript levels in a given host and its pathogen during an infection. Recently, the method was transferred from cell culture to in vivo models of bacterial infections; however, specific host cell-type resolution has not yet been achieved. Here we present a detailed protocol that describes the application of Dual RNA-seq to murine colonocytes isolated from mice infected with the enteric pathogen Salmonella Typhimurium. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Improved Biosafety and Biosecurity Measures and/or Strategies to Tackle Laboratory-Acquired Infections and Related Risks.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Nov 29;15(12). Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Campus Monterrey, Ave. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, CP 64849 Monterrey, N.L., Mexico.

Herein, we reviewed laboratory-acquired infections (LAIs) along with their health-related biological risks to provide an evidence base to tackle biosafety/biosecurity and biocontainment issues. Over the past years, a broad spectrum of pathogenic agents, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites, or genetically modified organisms, have been described and gained a substantial concern due to their profound biological as well as ecological risks. Furthermore, the emergence and/or re-emergence of life-threatening diseases are of supreme concern and come under the biosafety and biosecurity agenda to circumvent LAIs. Read More

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November 2018

Comparative genomics of transport proteins in seven Bacteroides species.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(12):e0208151. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Molecular Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States of America.

The communities of beneficial bacteria that live in our intestines, the gut microbiome, are important for the development and function of the immune system. Bacteroides species make up a significant fraction of the human gut microbiome, and can be probiotic and pathogenic, depending upon various genetic and environmental factors. These can cause disease conditions such as intra-abdominal sepsis, appendicitis, bacteremia, endocarditis, pericarditis, skin infections, brain abscesses and meningitis. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Short-term and long-term effects of pathogen reduction interventions on salmonellosis from whole chickens.

Authors:
Thomas P Oscar

Food Sci Nutr 2018 Nov 18;6(8):2515-2522. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

U. S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Residue Chemistry and Predictive Microbiology Research Unit Center for Food Science and Technology University of Maryland Eastern Shore Princess Anne Maryland.

The current study was undertaken to evaluate short-term and long-term effects of pathogen reduction interventions on food safety. This was accomplished using a model that predicts risk of salmonellosis from whole chickens produced by different scenarios. Interventions investigated were a 50% pathogen reduction before retail (PR), a 50% pathogen reduction at serving by consumer education (CE), and a 75% pathogen reduction by PR + CE. Read More

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November 2018

The Genomic Architecture of Fowl Typhoid Resistance in Commercial Layers.

Front Genet 2018 19;9:519. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

The Pirbright Institute, Surrey, United Kingdom.

serovar Gallinarum causes devastating outbreaks of fowl typhoid across the globe, especially in developing countries. With the use of antimicrobial agents being reduced due to legislation and the absence of licensed vaccines in some parts of the world, an attractive complementary control strategy is to breed chickens for increased resistance to . The potential for genetic control of salmonellosis has been demonstrated by experimental challenge of inbred populations. Read More

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November 2018

Bacterial and Parasitic Assessment from Fingernails in Debre Markos, Northwest Ethiopia.

Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol 2018 18;2018:6532014. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Food handlers with untrimmed finger nails could contribute or serve as a vehicle for the transmission of food poisoning pathogens.

Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers and antibiotic susceptibility profile of the isolated bacteria in Debre Markos University, Ethiopia.

Materials And Methods: This laboratory-based cross-sectional study involved 220 food handlers working in food service establishments in Debre Markos University between 1st January 2015 to 31th June 2016. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Extraintestinal infections caused by nontyphoidal from a tertiary care center in India.

J Lab Physicians 2018 Oct-Dec;10(4):401-405

Department of Microbiology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Background: Infection with has become an increasing problem worldwide. Recently, nontyphoid (NTS) has become a global concern causing threat to the health of human. It causes gastrointestinal infection which may be self-limiting, but invasive infections may be fatal, requiring appropriate therapy. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of mean monocyte volume in septicemia caused by species.

J Lab Physicians 2018 Oct-Dec;10(4):397-400

Department of Microbiology, Institute of Lab Medicine, Max Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Objective: The objective was to study the significance of volume, conductivity, and scatter (VCS) parameters of monocytes in infection.

Materials And Methods: We selected peripheral blood samples of 52 patients whose blood culture was positive for species () and analyzed VCS parameters by subjecting them to differential count in hematology analyzer LH750 (Beckman Coulter). Out of these, we studied VCS parameters of monocytes in infection and compared with two control groups (control 1: other infections and control 2: normal subjects). Read More

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December 2018

Paradigm Shift in Drug Re-purposing From Phenalenone to Phenaleno-Furanone to Combat Multi-Drug Resistant Serovar Typhi.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2018 14;8:402. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Biological Sciences, Sunway University, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia.

Over recent years, typhoid fever has gained increasing attention with several cases reporting treatment failure due to multidrug resistant (MDR) strains of serovar Typhi. While new drug development strategies are being devised to combat the threat posed by these MDR pathogens, drug repurposing or repositioning has become a good alternative. The latter is considered mainly due to its capacity for saving sufficient time and effort for pre-clinical and optimization studies. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

causing myocarditis in a previously healthy 22-year-old male.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2018 Dec 26;2018(12):omy106. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Höglandssjukhuset, Eksjö, Sweden.

Myocarditis is mostly caused by viral infections and rarely caused by bacterial pathogens, especially in immunocompetent individuals. Bacterial myocarditis due to is rare, especially in countries with improved sanitation that minimize contamination of serotypes. We here present a case of a previous healthy 22-year-old male that came to the emergency room with chest pain. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Schistosome Eggs Impair Protective Th1/Th17 Immune Responses Against Infection.

Front Immunol 2018 14;9:2614. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology and German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Hannover, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Countries with a high incidence of helminth infections are characterized by high morbidity and mortality to infections with intracellular pathogens such as . Some patients with - co-infections develop a so-called "chronic septicemic salmonellosis," with prolonged fever and enlargement of the liver and spleen. These effects are most likely due to the overall immunoregulatory activities of schistosomes such as induction of Tregs, Bregs, alternatively activated macrophages, and degradation of antibodies. Read More

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November 2018

Persistent Infection and Long-Term Carriage of Typhoidal and Nontyphoidal Salmonellae.

Authors:
Ohad Gal-Mor

Clin Microbiol Rev 2019 Jan 28;32(1). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Infectious Diseases Research Laboratory, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel

SUMMARYThe ability of pathogenic bacteria to affect higher organisms and cause disease is one of the most dramatic properties of microorganisms. Some pathogens can establish transient colonization only, but others are capable of infecting their host for many years or even for a lifetime. Long-term infection is called persistence, and this phenotype is fundamental for the biology of important human pathogens, including , , and Both typhoidal and nontyphoidal serovars of the species can cause persistent infection in humans; however, as these two groups cause clinically distinct diseases, the characteristics of their persistent infections in humans differ significantly. Read More

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January 2019
5 Reads

Improving Our Understanding of Serovar Paratyphi B through the Engineering and Testing of a Live Attenuated Vaccine Strain.

mSphere 2018 Nov 28;3(6). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Enteric fever is caused by three serovars: Typhi, Paratyphi A, and Paratyphi B Although vaccines against two of these serovars are licensed (Typhi) or in clinical development (Paratyphi A), as yet there are no candidates for Paratyphi B. To gain genomic insight into these serovars, we sequenced 38 enteric fever-associated strains from Chile and compared these with reference genomes. Each of the serovars was separated genomically based on the core genome. Read More

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November 2018

Bacteriophages: an overview of the control strategies against multiple bacterial infections in different fields.

J Basic Microbiol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University, Garden Campus, Mardan, Pakistan.

Bacteriophages (phages/viruses) need host bacteria to replicate and propagate. Primarily, a bacteriophage contains a head/capsid to encapsidate the genetic material. Some phages contain tails. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Population changes and growth modeling of during alfalfa seed germination and early sprout development.

Food Sci Biotechnol 2018 Dec 14;27(6):1865-1869. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

2Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, 52828 Republic of Korea.

This study examined the effects of alfalfa seed germination on growth of . We investigated the population changes of during early sprout development. We found that the population density of , which was inoculated on alfalfa seeds was increased during sprout development under all experimental temperatures, whereas a significant reduction was observed when was inoculated on fully germinated sprouts. Read More

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December 2018

Forecasting the incidence of salmonellosis in seniors in Canada: A trend analysis and the potential impact of the demographic shift.

PLoS One 2018 27;13(11):e0208124. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Centre for Food-borne, Environmental and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Public Health Agency of Canada, Guelph, Canada.

Salmonella infections remain an important public health issue in Canada and worldwide. Although the majority of Salmonella cases are self-limiting, some will lead to severe symptoms and occasionally severe invasive infections, especially in vulnerable populations such as seniors. This study was performed to assess temporal trends of Salmonella cases in seniors over 15 years (2014-2028) and assess possible impact of demographic shift on national incidence; taking into account of trends in other age groups. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Wild Boar: A Reservoir of Foodborne Zoonoses.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki , Helsinki, Finland .

Wild boar populations around the world have increased dramatically over past decades. Climate change, generating milder winters with less snow, may affect their spread into northern regions. Wild boars can serve as reservoirs for a number of bacteria, viruses, and parasites, which are transmissible to humans and domestic animals through direct interaction with wild boars, through contaminated food or indirectly through contaminated environment. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Antibody Responses to Salmonella in Pigs from Weaning Up to Marketing and Presence of Salmonella at Slaughter.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

1 Department of Pathobiology and University of Guelph , Guelph, Canada .

Salmonella is estimated to be one of the leading causes of enteric illness worldwide. Human salmonellosis is most frequently related to contaminated food products, particularly those of animal origin, such as pork. Pigs are often asymptomatic carriers of Salmonella, highlighting the importance of identifying high-prevalence farms and effective detection methods. Read More

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November 2018

The possible role of bacteria, viruses, and parasites in initiation and exacerbation of irritable bowel syndrome.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prolonged and disabling functional gastrointestinal disorder with the incidence rate of 18% in the world. IBS could seriously affect lifetime of patients and cause high economic burden on the community. The pathophysiology of the IBS is hardly understood, whereas several possible mechanisms, such as visceral hypersensitivity, irregular gut motility, abnormal brain-gut relations, and the role of infectious agents, are implicated in initiation and development of this syndrome. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

A Cross-Cutting Approach to Surveillance and Laboratory Capacity as a Platform to Improve Health Security in Uganda.

Health Secur 2018 ;16(S1):S76-S86

Kiersten Kugeler, PhD, MPH, is an Epidemiologist, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO.

Global health security depends on effective surveillance for infectious diseases. In Uganda, resources are inadequate to support collection and reporting of data necessary for an effective and responsive surveillance system. We used a cross-cutting approach to improve surveillance and laboratory capacity in Uganda by leveraging an existing pediatric inpatient malaria sentinel surveillance system to collect data on expanded causes of illness, facilitate development of real-time surveillance, and provide data on antimicrobial resistance. Read More

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January 2018
7 Reads

Risk Assessment for Salmonellosis in Chicken in South Korea: The Effect of Concentration in Chicken at Retail.

Korean J Food Sci Anim Resour 2018 Oct 31;38(5):1043-1054. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Center for One Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea.

Salmonellosis caused by chicken consumption has been a critical issue in food safety worldwide, including in Korea. The probability of illness from consumption of chicken was simulated in study, based on the recipe of Dakgalbi, a commonly eaten chicken dish in Korea. Additionally, the processing stage at slaughterhouses to decrease concentration in broilers was modeled to explore its effect on the likelihood of illness. Read More

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October 2018

Comparative transcriptome analysis reveals PERP upregulated during Salmonella Enteritidis challenge in laying ducks.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture & Agri-Product Safety of Ministry of Education, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China.

Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) can be transmitted to eggs through cecum or the ovary from infected layers and causes food poisoning in humans. The mechanism of cecal transmission has been extensively studied. However, the mechanism and route of transovarian transmission of SE remain unclear. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads
3.840 Impact Factor

Etiologic and clinical characterization of community acquired gastroenteritis in adult patients in a Chilean emergency room by the FilmArray GI panel.

PLoS One 2018 26;13(11):e0207850. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Gastroenterology, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Infectious diarrhea can be caused by a large number of microorganisms including bacteria virus and parasites. The clinical syndromic approach has been traditionally used to guide therapy. The aim of this study was to characterize the etiology of acute diarrhea by the FilmArray GI panel and to correlate it with its clinical presentation in an adult population presenting to the emergency room in a developing country. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

In vitro activity of ceftazidime-avibactam, ceftolozane-tazobactam, and other comparable agents against clinically important Gram-negative bacilli: results from the 2017 Surveillance of Multicenter Antimicrobial Resistance in Taiwan (SMART).

Infect Drug Resist 2018 26;11:1983-1992. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objectives: We investigated the in vitro antimicrobial susceptibilities of clinically important Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) from 16 major teaching hospitals in Taiwan in 2017.

Materials And Methods: (n=686) and bloodstream isolates (n=673), non-typhoid (NTS; n=221) from various sources, species (n=21) from fecal samples, and (n=129) from the genitourinary tract were collected. Antibiotic minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined using the broth microdilution method. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

CTX-M-65 Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Salmonella enterica Serotype Infantis, United States.

Emerg Infect Dis 2018 Dec;24(12):2284-2291

Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) confer resistance to clinically important third-generation cephalosporins, which are often used to treat invasive salmonellosis. In the United States, ESBLs are rarely found in Salmonella. However, in 2014, the US Food and Drug Administration found bla ESBL-producing Salmonella enterica serotype Infantis in retail chicken meat. Read More

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December 2018

Restaurant Inspection Letter Grades and Salmonella Infections, New York, New York, USA.

Emerg Infect Dis 2018 Dec;24(12):2164-2168

Rates of Salmonella infection in the United States have not changed over the past 20 years. Restaurants are frequent settings for Salmonella outbreaks and sporadic infections. Few studies have examined the effect of posting letter grades for restaurant inspections on the incidence of foodborne illness. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Non-Typhi, non-Paratyphi Salmonella-related hospitalisations in Spain: trends, clinical aspects, risk factors for worse prognosis and hospital costs.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Subdirectorate of Epidemiology, Health Department of the Community of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

This study reviews non-typhoid Salmonella (NTS)-related hospitalisations at National level in Spain between 2010 and 2015. NTS hospitalisations were obtained from the National Registry of Hospitalisations. A descriptive analysis of the hospitalisations was performed, including hospitalisation rates (HR) and case-fatality rates (CFR%) calculation. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Paediatric deaths in a tertiary government hospital setting, Malawi.

Paediatr Int Child Health 2018 Nov 19:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

g Centre for Medical Education , Queen's University , Belfast , UK.

Background: Malawisuccessfully achieved Millennium Development Goal (MDG) four by decreasing the under-5 mortality rate by two-thirds in 2012. Despite this progress child mortality is still high and in 2013, the leading causes of death in under-5s were malaria, acute respiratory infections and HIV/AIDS.

Aims: To determine the causes of inpatient child death including microbiological aetiologies in Malawi. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Frequent human-poultry interactions and low prevalence of Salmonella in backyard chicken flocks in Massachusetts.

Zoonoses Public Health 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Infectious Disease and Global Health, Tufts University, North Grafton, Massachusetts.

The backyard chicken (BYC) movement in the USA has increased human contact with poultry and subsequently, human contact with the pathogen Salmonella. However, to date, there have been few studies assessing prevalence of Salmonella in backyard flocks, despite the known public health risk this zoonotic bacterium poses. The objective of this study was to characterize human-BYC interactions and assess the prevalence of Salmonella among BYC flocks. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Do humans spread zoonotic enteric bacteria in Antarctica?

Sci Total Environ 2018 Oct 23;654:190-196. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio) and Departament de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.

Reports of enteric bacteria in Antarctic wildlife have suggested its spread from people to seabirds and seals, but evidence is scarce and fragmentary. We investigated the occurrence of zoonotic enteric bacteria in seabirds across the Antarctic and subantarctic region; for comparison purposes, in addition to seabirds, poultry in a subantarctic island was also sampled. Three findings suggest reverse zoonosis from humans to seabirds: the detection of a zoonotic Salmonella serovar (ser. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Linoleic Acids Overproducing Limits Growth, Survival, and Virulence of Typhimurium and Enterohaemorrhagic .

Front Microbiol 2018 1;9:2663. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Animal and Avian Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, United States.

Probiotics, particularly lactic acid bacteria, are biologic agents which limit the growth, virulence, and survival/colonization of various enteric bacterial pathogens and serve as potential alternatives to antibiotics. Mechanisms that contribute to this antimicrobial effect include producing bioactive metabolites/acids, increasing nutrient and receptor-mediated competition, and modulating gut microbiome ecology. However, these functions of common probiotic strains are limited due to the finite quantity of metabolites they produce and their total number in the gut ecosystem. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The role of domestic reservoirs in domestically acquired Salmonella infections in Norway: epidemiology of salmonellosis, 2000-2015, and results of a national prospective case-control study, 2010-2012.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 15:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Zoonotic, Food- and Waterborne infections,Norwegian Institute of Public Health,Oslo,Norway.

In Norway, incidence of sporadic domestically acquired salmonellosis is low, and most frequently due to Salmonalla Typhimurium. We investigated the risk factors for sporadic Salmonella infections in Norway to improve control and prevention measures. Surveillance data for all Salmonella infections from 2000 to 2015 were analysed for seasonality and proportion associated with domestic reservoirs, hedgehogs and wild birds. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Evaluating PCR-Based Detection of Typhi and Paratyphi A in the Environment as an Enteric Fever Surveillance Tool.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Child Health Research Foundation, Department of Microbiology, Dhaka Shishu Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

With prequalification of a typhoid conjugate vaccine by the World Health Organization, countries are deciding whether and at what geographic scale to provide the vaccine. Optimal local data to clarify typhoid risk are expensive and often unavailable. To determine whether quantitative real-time PCR can be used as a tool to detect typhoidal DNA in the environment and approximate the burden of enteric fever, we tested water samples from urban Dhaka, where enteric fever burden is high, and rural Mirzapur, where enteric fever burden is low and sporadic. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

serovar Typhimurium isolated from the urine of a dog undergoing treatment for immune-mediated polyarthritis.

JMM Case Rep 2018 Sep 8;5(9):e005153. Epub 2018 May 8.

Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Introduction: In people, is a common agent of gastroenteritis, but it can also cause extraintestinal disease such as urinary tract infections. In addition, is often linked to the post-infection development of reactive arthritis. In canines, cases that document extraintestinal infections or diseases similar to reactive arthritis have not been thoroughly described. Read More

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September 2018
5 Reads

Spread of an Experimental Derby Infection in Antibiotic-Treated or Vaccinated Piglets.

Animals (Basel) 2018 Nov 12;8(11). Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Institute for Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173 Hanover, Germany.

infections are a common reason for antibiotic treatment in pig production. Experimental studies in animals naturally infected with comparing the course of an experimental infection in piglets previously treated with tylosin or vaccinated against are scarce. A total of 72 seven-week-old -free pigs were taken from a herd with a history in piglet rearing. Read More

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November 2018

In vitro evaluation of adherence and anti-infective property of probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum DM 69 against Salmonella enterica.

Microb Pathog 2018 Nov 10;126:212-217. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Microbiology, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Gastrointestinal infections are a global health problem, and the potential use of probiotic Lactobacillus species to control such infections represents a promising approach. To exert the health benefits on the host, studying the colonization and adherence properties of probiotic bacteria in vitro is crucial. In this context, investigation was carried out to evaluate adhesion, aggregation and anti-infective effect of an indigenous probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum DM 69 against an enteric pathogen Salmonella enterica subsp. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

[Advances on antimicrobial resistance research of Serovar Indiana].

Authors:
Y J Hu Y Y He J Xu

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Nov;52(11):1195-1199

Key Laboratory of Food Safety Risk Assessment of Health, China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100021, China.

Serovar Indiana is a common serotype of isolated from food especially from poultry meat. Recently it demonated a raising tendency of infection cases and isolate numbers with high antimicrobial resistant rate against many common antimicrobials, including quinolones and cephalosporin which were regarded as the first line drug for the treatment of infections, and this kind of serotype was always carrying complex resistance mechanisms and also a variety of mobile elements, all of these features made the very clinical infections caused by hard to treat and brought great difficulties and risks. Here, we review the prevalence of Indiana on national and international view, and we also anticipate the research progress on antimicrobial drug classes, multi drug resistance, co-resistance and resistance mechanism. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Synergistic Effect of the Extracts of Vernonia amygdalina and Solenostemon monostachyus on Gram-negative Bacteria.

Pak J Biol Sci 2018 Jan;21(8):369-375

Background And Objectives: Herbal medicines are getting more importance in the treatment of infections ailments because most of the synthetic drugs have side effects. A large proportion of the developing countries populations depend on herbal remedy for their physical and psychological health needs depend. Hence, the anti-bacterial activity of the mixture of the extracts of Solenostemon monostachyus and Vernonia amygdalina, common medicinal plants use in Africa, Asia and Europe on some Gram-negative bacteria was investigated. Read More

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January 2018

In trauma, expect the unexpected: a rare case of post-traumatic pancreatitis associated with salmonellosis and enterocolitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 8;2018. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Health Children's Medical Center Dallas, Dallas, Texas, USA.

A 16-year-old Hispanic man was transferred to our level I paediatric trauma centre with pancreatitis. Ten days prior, he had sustained a gunshot wound to the abdomen requiring an exploratory laparotomy for repair of a traumatic left diaphragmatic injury. Additional injuries included gastric, renal, liver and pancreatic lacerations as well as a T12 burst fracture that resulted in paraplegia. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Antimicrobial resistance of bovine ssp. isolates from the Alberta Agriculture and Forestry Disease Investigation Program (2006-2014).

Can Vet J 2018 Nov;59(11):1195-1201

Animal Health Section, Animal Health and Assurance Branch (Otto, Peters), Agri-Food Laboratories Section, Food Safety Branch (Cassis, Goertz), Alberta Agriculture and Forestry, Edmonton, Alberta; School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Otto); Department of Ecosystem and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Ponich, Checkley).

The objectives of this study were to describe the antimicrobial susceptibility and serotypes of clinical spp. isolates from Alberta cattle, to inform antimicrobial stewardship decisions for Alberta bovine veterinarians and to provide data for national surveillance. Isolates were collected from cattle and serotyped by Alberta Agriculture and Forestry from 2006 to 2014. Read More

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November 2018

Isolation and characterization of a broad-spectrum phage of multiple drug resistant Salmonella and its therapeutic utility in mice.

Microb Pathog 2018 Nov 5;126:193-198. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

MOE Joint International Research Laboratory of Animal Health and Food Safety, Key Lab of Animal Bacteriology, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China. Electronic address:

Salmonella are causes of livestock, poultry, and other animal diseases but they also have the potential to infect people. Currently, antibiotics are the first choice for treatment of Salmonella infections. Thus, the utility of phage has become the research focus for scientists for several reasons. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Molecular characterisation of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella enterica isolates recovered from meat in South Africa.

Acta Trop 2018 Nov 5;190:129-136. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Livestock and Pasture Science, University of Fort Hare, Alice, 5700, South Africa.

Salmonella enterica is a leading cause of human gastroenteritis in both developed and developing countries, causing significant economic losses on humans and animals worldwide. There are several routes for contracting salmonellosis, but the consumption of contaminated foods is by far the most frequent cause of human infections. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and resistance determinants of S. Read More

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November 2018
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2.270 Impact Factor

Interrelationships between Multiple Climatic Factors and Incidence of Foodborne Diseases.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Nov 7;15(11). Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Food and Nutrition, Kunsan National University, Gunsan 54150, Jeonbuk, Korea.

Climatic factors can affect the incidence of foodborne diseases (FBDs). Moreover, microbial network inference is useful for predicting the interrelationships between the incidence of FBDs and climatic factors. However, the interrelationships between FBD pathogens and most climatic factors are unknown. Read More

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November 2018
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