41,013 results match your criteria Salmonellosis
Braz J Infect Dis 2018 Sep 18. Epub 2018 Sep 18.
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular Aplicada à Saúde, Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA), Canoas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Simbios Biotecnologia, Cachoeirinha, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Introduction: Nontyphoidal Salmonella serotypes are the main cause of human food-borne infection, including several hospitalization cases in the developing countries.
Aim: To detect the main serotypes and to characterize the antibiotic resistance of human non-enteric and enteric nontyphoidal Salmonella from clinical isolates in Brazil.
Methods: Salmonella serotypes were identified by microbiological and molecular methods. Read More
Poult Sci 2018 Sep 19. Epub 2018 Sep 19.
Department of Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea.
Cephalosporins are the key drugs for the treatment of salmonellosis. Resistance to cephalosporins in Salmonella spp. has become a serious public health concern worldwide. Read More
J Biomol Struct Dyn 2018 Sep 21:1-30. Epub 2018 Sep 21.
a Lomonosov Moscow State University, Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology , Moscow 119234 , Russia.
Human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs, neutrophils) play a major role in the immune response to bacterial and fungal infections and eliminate pathogens through phagocytosis. During phagocytosis of microorganisms, the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) pathway is activated resulting in generation of leukotrienes, which mediate host defense. In this study, a library of oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ODNs) with varying numbers of human telomeric repeats (d(TTAGGG)) and their analogues with phosphorothioate internucleotide linkages and single-nucleotide substitutions was designed. Read More
Epidemiol Infect 2018 Sep 21:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 21.
Oklahoma State Department of Health,Oklahoma City, OK 73117,USA.
Typhoid fever is an illness caused by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi. In developing regions, it affects an estimated 20 million people annually, causing 200 000 deaths. Although uncommon, cases occur in the USA each year, predominantly due to international travel. Read More
J Food Prot 2018 Sep 20:1713-1722. Epub 2018 Sep 20.
2 Stead Family Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA (ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6543-5927 [J.A.W.]).
The objective of this review is to provide an integrated historical account of the complex, often convoluted events impacting milk hygiene and its resultant effect on infant mortality from 1875 to 1925. Heat pasteurization of cow's milk is necessary for rendering this important nutrient source safe for humans-particularly infants. Developed by Louis Pasteur in 1864, pasteurization evolved from the commercially important parboiling of wine and beer when the Industrial Revolution was effecting rapid societal change in Western societies. Read More
Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;1095:125-129
Cancer Research Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.
Prostate cancer remains a life-threatening disease of men. While early detection has been helpful to reduce the mortality rate, we currently do not have a desired therapy. In recent years, new strategies have been proposed to treat prostate cancers with poor prognosis by utilizing genetically modified bacteria, including Salmonella typhimurium that preferentially replicate within solid tumors (1000:1 and up to 10,000:1 compared to non-cancerous tissue) destroying cancer cells without causing septic shock that is typically associated with wild-type S. Read More
Genes Genomics 2018 Sep 18. Epub 2018 Sep 18.
Department of Clinical Laboratory and Nutritional Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Weed Hall 320, Lowell, MA, 01854-5125, USA.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a rapidly emerging bacteria causing infection, which has developed resistance to most of the beta-lactam antibiotics because of newly acquired low-affinity penicillin-binding protein (PBP2a), which can continue to build the cell wall when beta-lactams block other PBPs. Exogenous spermine exerts a dose-dependent inhibition effect on the growth of Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica serovar, and S. aureus. Read More
J Food Sci Technol 2018 Oct 9;55(10):3971-3978. Epub 2018 Jul 9.
2Departament of Chemistry, QOPNA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.
Listeriosis and Salmonellosis are two of the most common foodborne diseases. Consequently, an early and accurate detection of and spp. in food products is a critical concern of public health policies. Read More
Nat Microbiol 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.
Department of Microbial Pathogenesis, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
Microbial infections are most often countered by inflammatory responses that are initiated through the recognition of conserved microbial products by innate immune receptors and result in pathogen expulsion. However, inflammation can also lead to pathology. Tissues such as the intestinal epithelium, which are exposed to microbial products, are therefore subject to stringent negative regulatory mechanisms to prevent signalling through innate immune receptors. Read More
J Agric Saf Health 2018 Jul;24(3):155-166
USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
The number of outbreaks of Salmonella infections linked to live poultry contact increased from 1990 to 2016. In 2016, the number of human illnesses linked to live poultry was the highest reported, with more than 900 cases, including 209 hospitalizations and three deaths. Live poultry harboring Salmonella typically appear healthy but can intermittently shed bacteria in their droppings, contaminating their feathers, beaks, and the areas where they live and roam. Read More
Int J Food Microbiol 2018 Sep 7;289:115-126. Epub 2018 Sep 7.
MOST-USDA Joint Research Center for Food Safety, School of Agriculture and Biology, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China. Electronic address:
Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) is a food-borne bacterial pathogen that can cause human salmonellosis predominately by contamination of eggs and egg products. However, its survival mechanisms in egg white are not fully understood, especially from a proteomic point of view. Read More
Zoonoses Public Health 2018 Sep 14. Epub 2018 Sep 14.
Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.
Salmonella Dublin is an important cause of salmonellosis among dairy cattle and poses a considerable threat to public health. This serotype is increasingly being identified among bovine Salmonella isolates from clinical samples in the north-eastern United States, and these isolates are generally multidrug resistant. Our objective was to estimate the herd-level prevalence of Salmonella Dublin among dairy cattle herds throughout New York. Read More
Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2018 12;7:110. Epub 2018 Sep 12.
1Department of Microbiology, St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, P.O.Box 1271, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Background: Diarrheal illness remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years of age worldwide, especially in developing countries. Diarrheagenic (DEC) is the major cause of gastroenteritis in children in the developing world and is associated with high resistance levels to antibiotics. The aims of this study were to isolate and determine susceptibility patterns of DEC among children under 5 years of age with acute diarrhea and to assess maternal knowledge, attitude and practice towards childhood diarrhea. Read More
Int J Microbiol 2018 19;2018:7204013. Epub 2018 Aug 19.
Department of Bacteriology, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.
The control of infectious diseases is badly endangered by the rise in the number of microorganisms that are resistant to antimicrobial agents. This is because infections caused by resistant microorganisms often fail to respond to conventional treatment, resulting in prolonged illness and greater risk of death. Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria are also present in various water sources. Read More
J Clin Microbiol 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.
WHO Collaborating Centre for Antimicrobial Resistance in Food borne Pathogens and European Union Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark.
spp. are food- and water borne pathogens. While rather accurate estimates for these pathogens are available in industrialized countries, a lack of diagnostic capacity in developing countries limits accurate assessments of prevalence in many regions. Read More
PLoS One 2018 11;13(9):e0203698. Epub 2018 Sep 11.
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, United States of America.
Neutrophils are innate immune response cells designed to kill invading microorganisms. One of the mechanisms neutrophils use to kill bacteria is generation of damaging reactive oxygen species (ROS) via the respiratory burst. However, during enteric salmonellosis, neutrophil-derived ROS actually facilitates Salmonella expansion and survival in the gut. Read More
Obstet Gynecol 2018 Sep 7. Epub 2018 Sep 7.
Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the Program of Addiction Research, Clinical Care, Knowledge, and Advocacy (PARCKA), Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, and Informatics, Decision-Enhancement, and Analytic Sciences Center (IDEAS 2.0), Salt Lake City VA Health Care System, Salt Lake City, Utah; and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Background: Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is an herbal preparation with opioid-like effects made from a tree native to Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. Increasingly, kratom is used for self-treatment of opioid use disorder and recently has been associated with a multistate outbreak of salmonellosis. Few data are available on the clinical outcomes of kratom use in pregnancy. Read More
J Avian Med Surg 2018 Sep;32(3):194-204
Mycobacterium genavense is regarded as the primary cause of mycobacteriosis in passerine and psittacine birds kept in captivity. Mycobacterium genavense is a potential zoonotic pathogen; therefore, early antemortem detection in birds is needed. In humans, infections with M genavense are found predominantly in immunocompromised people. Read More
J Antimicrob Chemother 2018 Sep 10. Epub 2018 Sep 10.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA, USA.
Background: Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole is a synthetic antibiotic combination recommended for the treatment of complicated non-typhoidal Salmonella infections in humans. Resistance to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole is mediated by the acquisition of mobile genes, requiring both a dfr gene (trimethoprim resistance) and a sul gene (sulfamethoxazole resistance) for a clinical resistance phenotype (MIC ≥4/76 mg/L). In 2017, the CDC investigated a multistate outbreak caused by a Salmonella enterica serotype Heidelberg strain with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole resistance, in which sul genes but no known dfr genes were detected. Read More
N Z Vet J 2018 Sep 9:1-33. Epub 2018 Sep 9.
a Wildbase, School of Veterinary Science, Massey University , Private Bag 11-222, Palmerston North 4442 , New Zealand.
Our knowledge of diseases in New Zealand wildlife has expanded rapidly in the last two decades. Much of this is due to a greater awareness of disease as a cause of mortality in some of our highly threatened species or as a limiting factor to the successful captive rearing of intensely managed species such as hihi (Notiomystis cincta), kiwi (Apteryx spp.) and kakapo (Strigops habroptilus). Read More
Vet Parasitol 2018 Aug 10;260:30-37. Epub 2018 Jul 10.
School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, 6150, Australia.
Cryptosporidium and Giardia are common parasites of ruminant livestock worldwide. These parasites are associated with diarrhoea outbreaks in young goats (pre-weaning), but the impacts on health and productivity for older goats (post-weaning) are not well understood. Here we show Cryptosporidium faecal shedding is associated with reduced growth and diarrhoea in goats aged approximately 9-15 months. Read More
J Med Virol 2018 Sep 7. Epub 2018 Sep 7.
Infectious Disease Biology, Institute of Life Sciences, Nalco Square, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection is spatio-temporally related to Dengue virus (DENV) infection and mostly undiagnosed due to similar primary symptoms. In 2013, a high rate (36%) of co-infection of DENV and CHIKV was reported in Odisha. Hence, the hospital based study was continued to synthesis current epidemiological understanding of their single distribution or co-infection. Read More
Foodborne Pathog Dis 2018 Sep 7. Epub 2018 Sep 7.
3 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia .
Chicken liver has been implicated in several reported U.S. illness outbreaks, probably caused by inadequate cooking and pathogen contamination. Read More
Front Vet Sci 2018 21;5:199. Epub 2018 Aug 21.
Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, United States.
Necrotic enteritis (NE) is a recognized multifactorial disease that cost annually to the poultry industry around $2 billion. However, diverse aspects related to its presentation are not completely understood, requiring further studies using known induction experimental models. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to measure the changes occurring in performance, intestinal integrity and ileal microbiome using a previously established NE-challenge model. Read More
Front Vet Sci 2018 21;5:198. Epub 2018 Aug 21.
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, United States.
Avian pathogenic (APEC) causes extraintestinal infections in poultry. Vaccines targeting APEC in chickens have been partially successful, but many lack heterologous protection. Recombinant attenuated vaccine (RASV) strains can induce broad immunity against and be modified to deliver antigens. Read More
Front Microbiol 2018 22;9:1780. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
infection is a major public health concern worldwide, particularly when associated with other medical conditions. The serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis are frequently associated with an invasive illness that primarily affects immunocompromised adults and children with HIV, malaria, or malnutrition. These serovars can also cause infections in a variety of animal hosts, and they are the most common isolates in poultry materials. Read More
MBio 2018 Sep 4;9(5). Epub 2018 Sep 4.
The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Nontyphoidal (NTS), particularly serovar Typhimurium, is among the leading etiologic agents of bacterial enterocolitis globally and a well-characterized cause of invasive disease (iNTS) in sub-Saharan Africa. In contrast, Typhimurium is poorly defined in Southeast Asia, a known hot spot for zoonotic disease with a recently described burden of iNTS disease. Here, we aimed to add insight into the epidemiology and potential impact of zoonotic transfer and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Typhimurium associated with iNTS and enterocolitis in Vietnam. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Sep 4;8(9):e019699. Epub 2018 Sep 4.
Division of Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Pathogen Detection, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China.
Objectives: This study aimed to identify the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, aetiology and seasonality of sporadic infectious diarrhoea in adults in Shanghai.
Setting: This study was based on a city-wide, active continuous hospital-based diarrhoea surveillance network established by Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention. There were 22 sentinel hospitals in all 16 districts (9 primary-level hospitals, 6 secondary-level hospitals and 7 tertiary-level hospitals) which were selected using probability proportionate to size sampling method. Read More
Biologicals 2018 Sep 1. Epub 2018 Sep 1.
Biological Standardization Division, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243122, India.
Salmonella Abortusequi causes important clinical diseases in horses possibly leading to abortion. In the present investigation, the protective efficacy of both plain and aluminum hydroxide gel adjuvanted phage lysate was evaluated in guinea pig model. Broad host range bacteriophage P-SAE-2, was characterized and used for generation of lysates. Read More
Front Microbiol 2018 17;9:1880. Epub 2018 Aug 17.
National Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Lazio e della Toscana "M. Aleandri," General Diagnostics Department, Rome, Italy.
Colistin-resistance mediated by mobilisable and plasmid-borne genes has emerged worldwide, threatening the efficacy of colistin, a last resort antibiotic increasingly used for treating human invasive infections by multidrug-resistant or extensively drug-resistant . In this study, we report the first evidence of -1-mediated colistin resistance in four multidrug resistant (MDR) out of 324 infantis from the Italian antimicrobial resistance (AMR) monitoring (2001-2017) in broilers and broiler meat. Two were also Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamases (ESBL)-producing isolates. Read More
Appl Environ Microbiol 2018 Aug 31. Epub 2018 Aug 31.
Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, Changchun, People's Republic of China
Bacteriophage can be used as an alternative or complementary therapy to antibiotics for treating multidrug-resistant bacterial infections. However, the rapid emergence of resistant host variants during phage treatment has limited its therapeutic applications. In this study, a potential phage resistant mechanism of was revealed. Read More
Food Microbiol 2018 Dec 26;76:219-225. Epub 2018 May 26.
Department of Food Science and Technology, Korea National University of Transportation, 61 Daehak-ro, Jeungpyeong-gun, Chungbuk, 27909, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
This study evaluated the potential of blue light-emitting diodes (LED) of wavelength 405 and 460 nm in combination with sodium chlorophyllin to inactivate Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. on cantaloupe rind. A cocktail culture of L. Read More
Methods Cell Biol 2018 29;147:59-75. Epub 2018 Jul 29.
Laboratoire Phyisico Chimie Curie, Institut Curie, PSL Research University, Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, Paris, France; Institut Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Paris, France. Electronic address:
Bacterial contamination and subsequent infections are a major threat to human health. An early detection in the food chain, clinics or the environment, is key to limit this threat. We present a new concept to develop low-cost hand-held devices for the ultra-sensitive and specific detection of bacteria in a one-step process of 2-8h, directly from complex raw samples. Read More
J Transl Med 2018 Aug 30;16(1):239. Epub 2018 Aug 30.
Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.
Non-typhoidal Salmonella usually induces self-limiting gastroenteritis. However, in many parts of Africa, especially in individuals who are malnourished, infected with malaria, or have sickle cell disease, the organism causes serious and potentially fatal systemic infections. Since the portal of entry of non-typhoidal Salmonella into the systemic circulation is by way of the intestine, we argue that an increased gut permeability plays a vital role in the initiation of invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella in these patients. Read More
BMC Microbiol 2018 Aug 30;18(1):96. Epub 2018 Aug 30.
Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Background: Non typhoidal salmonellosis is one of the neglected zoonoses in most African countries. The use of sub-therapeutic doses of antibiotics as animal growth promoter enhances the emergence and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria with food animal reservoirs and may also results in antibiotics residue in animal products. One promising alternative to antibiotics in animal feed is Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) as probiotics. Read More
Microbiologyopen 2018 Aug 29:e00711. Epub 2018 Aug 29.
Food Science Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.
Salmonella is a pathogen of public health concern. Each year, Salmonella infections cost to the food industry approximately $2.3 billion and 33% of the reported cases are associated with beef, poultry, or pork. Read More
Curr Infect Dis Rep 2018 Aug 28;20(11):44. Epub 2018 Aug 28.
IRD, AP-HM, SSA, VITROME, Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire Méditerranée Infection, Aix Marseille University, 19-21 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385, Marseille Cedex 05, France.
Purpose Of Review: Mass gatherings (MGs) are characterized by a high concentration of people at a specific time and location. Infectious diseases are of particular concern at MGs. The aim of this review was to summarize findings in the field of infectious diseases with a variety of pathogens associated with international MGs in the last 5 years. Read More
PeerJ 2018 23;6:e5482. Epub 2018 Aug 23.
Universidad de Guadalajara, Departamento de Salud Pública, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico.
is one of the major foodborne pathogens worldwide. The antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of this foodborne pathogen has raised a great concern in recent years. Studies on the frequency and characterization of serotypes can help to improve our knowledge on the epidemiology of this pathogen. Read More
BMC Public Health 2018 Aug 28;18(1):1067. Epub 2018 Aug 28.
European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Truro, England.
Background: Many infectious diseases of public health importance display annual seasonal patterns in their incidence. We aimed to systematically document the seasonality of several human infectious disease pathogens in England and Wales, highlighting those organisms that appear weather-sensitive and therefore may be influenced by climate change in the future.
Methods: Data on infections in England and Wales from 1989 to 2014 were extracted from the Public Health England (PHE) SGSS surveillance database. Read More
Pilot Feasibility Stud 2018 22;4:142. Epub 2018 Aug 22.
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, 1295 N Martin Ave, Tucson, AZ 85719 USA.
Background: Campylobacter is a leading cause of gastroenteritis across the globe caused by the ingestion of contaminated food, water, or contact with animals carrying Campylobacter bacteria. The resulting disease, campylobacteriosis, is usually self-limiting, but cases may develop post-infectious sequelae (PIS) such as gastrointestinal disorders, neurological disorders, and joint disorders. The objective of this study was to estimate a crude incidence rate for PIS among Campylobacter cases in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA and to determine the feasibility of conducting a larger scale study to understand chronic outcomes from campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis. Read More
Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2018 14;22(2):105-107. Epub 2018 Jun 14.
Department of Paediatric Haematology, Dr. Behçet Uz Children's Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.
Non-typhoidal (NTS) is an important pathogen that causes gastroenteritis, bacteraemia, and focal infections. Herein, we present our experience with bloodstream infections caused by in paediatric leukaemia patients, which has been reported for the first time in both Europe and the US. According to our research, NTS might be a cause of serious infections in paediatric haematology-oncology patients. Read More
Materials (Basel) 2018 Aug 27;11(9). Epub 2018 Aug 27.
Institute of Chemistry, Technical University of Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 124, Berlin 10623, Germany.
Bacteria-related pathogenic diseases are one of the major health problems throughout the world. is a genus of rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria of which more than 2600 serotypes have been identified. Infection with can cause salmonellosis, a serious bacterial toxi-infection syndrome associated with gastroenteritis, and paralyphoid and typhoid fevers. Read More
Genomics 2018 Aug 24. Epub 2018 Aug 24.
Laboratory Sciences Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, 4934174515 Gorgan, Iran. Electronic address:
Proteus mirabilis is one of the most common causes of complicated urinary tract infections (UTI), especially in catheter-associated UTIs. The increased resistance to antibiotics, among P. mirabilis isolates has led us to search for alternative antibacterial agents. Read More
Front Microbiol 2018 10;9:1841. Epub 2018 Aug 10.
Food Animal Health Research Program, Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, The Ohio State University, OARDC, Wooster, OH, United States.
is one of the leading causes of human foodborne gastroenteritis in the United States. In addition, contributes to morbidity and mortality in livestock. The control of is an increasing problematic issue in livestock production due to lack of effective control methods and the constant adaptation of to new management practices, which is often related to horizontal acquisition of virulence or antibiotic resistance genes. Read More
Vet World 2018 Jul 24;11(7):986-989. Epub 2018 Jul 24.
Laboratory of Science and Technique of Living, Institute of Agronomic and Veterinarian Sciences, University of Mohamed Cherif Messaâdia, Souk Ahras, Algeria.
Aim: An investigation was carried out to assess the occurrence of diseases, its method of diagnosis, and commonly used drugs in poultry farms in North-Eastern regions of Algeria.
Materials And Methods: A total of 265 veterinary doctors were surveyed to obtain information on the dominant diseases, its frequency of occurrence, method of diagnosis, and commonly used drugs in poultry farms.
Results: A study revealed that about 68% of bacterial diseases are due to colibacillosis, mycoplasmosis, and salmonellosis, 22% of viral diseases are due to Newcastle, Gumboro, and infectious bronchitis, and 10% others including coccidiosis and ascites syndrome. Read More
Int J Antimicrob Agents 2018 Aug 23. Epub 2018 Aug 23.
Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:
In 2017, this nationwide surveillance was conducted to investigate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of patients with bacteraemia due to mcr-1-harboring Enterobacteriaceae and the presence of mcr-1-harboring Escherichia coli in pigs. Non-duplicate and consecutive bacterial isolates were collected from patients treated at 16 hospitals in Taiwan. All E. Read More
Int J Infect Dis 2018 Aug 23;75:74-79. Epub 2018 Aug 23.
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.
Background: Food-borne diseases are a major health problem in developing countries including Ethiopia. This study determined the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Shigella and Salmonella among food handlers working in student and staff food service establishments at Debre Markos University.
Methods: A laboratory-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 220 food handlers from January 2015 to June 2016. Read More
Risk Anal 2018 Aug 24. Epub 2018 Aug 24.
Statistical Process Improvement Consulting and Training Pty Ltd, Gumeracha, South Australia, 5233, Australia.
Pork burgers could be expected to have an elevated risk of salmonellosis compared to other pork products due to their comminuted nature. A stochastic risk assessment was performed to estimate the risk of salmonellosis from Australian pork burgers and considered risk-affecting factors in the pork supply chain from retail to consumption at home. Conditions modeled included prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in pork mince, time and temperature effects during retail, consumer transport, and domestic storage and the effect of cooking, with the probability of illness from consumption estimated based on these effects. Read More
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(34):e11787
Center for Translational Medicine, Tianyou Hospital, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.
Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers (TPF), systemic emerging infectious diseases, is a serious health problem for society. If the incidence trend of TPF can be predicted, prevention and control measures can be taken in advance to reduce the harm to the people's health.Grey Model First Order One Variable [GM (1, 1)] was applied to predict the incidence trend of TPF with the incidence data of TPF in Wuhan City of China from 2004 to 2015. Read More