985 results match your criteria Sacroiliac Joint Injury


Radiographic evaluation of reactive osteitis in traumatic injury of sacroiliac joints.

Clin Imaging 2021 Apr 29;76:175-179. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Departments of Radiology and Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, 2160 S 1st Ave, Maywood, IL 60153, United States of America. Electronic address:

Objectives: After traumatic Sacroiliac (SI) joint injury, follow up radiographic imaging can demonstrate subchondral bone resorption resembling inflammatory sacroiliitis. No studies have described the incidence of marginal SI post-traumatic osteitis, the probable temporal relationship to the initial traumatic injury, or the possible effect of unilateral hardware fixation on the contralateral SI joint.

Methods: A Level 1 trauma center imaging database was queried to identify patients with pelvic bony trauma between 2005 and 2017 with CT baseline preserved SI cortication and unilateral/bilateral traumatic SI diastasis. Read More

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Systematic review of sacroiliac joint motion and the effect of screw fixation.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2021 Apr 27;85:105368. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, United States of America; Orthopaedic & Rehabilitation Engineering Center, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, United States of America.

Background: Pelvic injuries that disrupt the sacroiliac joints often require surgical intervention to restore stability. Quantitative characterization of sacroiliac motion in response to physiologic loading provides important metrics of adequate fixation in the evaluation of newly emerged fixation techniques. The objective of this study was to systematically review and evaluate biomechanical evidence on the motion of the sacroiliac joint in its normal, destabilized, and stabilized states. Read More

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Treating sacroiliac joint dislocation through percutaneous sacroiliac screw fixation with the aid of 2 fluoroscopes: a novel technique.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2021 May;11(5):2076-2084

Department of Orthopedics, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Background: Percutaneous sacroiliac screw fixation is the standard treatment for sacroiliac joint (SIJ) dislocation. In most hospitals, the procedure is guided by a C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy system, which must be repeatedly repositioned during surgery. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of using 2 fluoroscopes simultaneously. Read More

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Combined peripartal pubic symphysis and sacroiliac joint separation.

Ceska Gynekol 2021 ;86(1):30-35

Objective: We present a case and provide an overview of the literature on rare pelvic girdle injury following spontaneous delivery with combined transsymphyseal and transiliosacral instability, its dia-gnosis and surgical treatment.

Case Report: Injury of the pelvic girdle during childbirth is one of the rare obstetric complications. Due to its low prevalence, the standard treatment algorithm is not defined. Read More

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A Rare Case of Ipsilateral "Floating Ileum" with Floating Hip and Floating Knee.

J Orthop Case Rep 2020 Nov;10(8):33-36

Department of Trauma Surgery, AIIMS Rishikesh, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Introduction: Concomitant ipsilateral floating hip with floating knee is a very rare injury pattern. Its co-occurrence with ipsilateral complete separation of ileum from pelvic girdle, which can be termed as "floating ileum," is even rarer. These are extremely high energy injuries associated with significant systemic insult adding to the dilemma and complexity in management. Read More

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November 2020

Conservative management of sacroiliac luxation in 17 dogs: Radiographic changes and long-term owner follow-up.

Can Vet J 2021 03;62(3):261-265

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, 601 Vernon L Tharp Street, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA.

The long-term outcome of dogs with sacroiliac (SI) luxation treated conservatively was evaluated in this study. The cranial displacement of the ilial wing relative to sacral length was measured. Long-term follow-up was conducted owner telephone interview. Read More

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O-arm navigation for sacroiliac screw placement in the treatment for posterior pelvic ring injury.

Int Orthop 2021 Feb 17. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Guigang City People's Hospital, No. 1 Zhongshan Road, Gangbei District, Guigang, 537100, Guangxi Province, China.

Purpose: This study aims to investigate the application value of O-arm navigation system in sacroiliac screw placement for the treatment of unstable pelvic ring injury.

Methods: A total of 40 patients (mean age = 30.75 ± 14. Read More

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February 2021

En bloc excision of sacroiliac chondrosarcoma aided by 3D laser printed modeling and stereotactic navigation.

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Mar 15;85:64-66. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of California San Francisco, United States.

The surgical management of sacro-iliac chondrosarcomas is challenging given their intimate relationship to the nerves and vessels of the pelvis. Osteotomies for en bloc excision can be challenging because of lack of visualization and high risk of injury to pelvic structures. The use of three-dimensional (3D) printed models helps conceptualize the tumor relative to the patient's anatomy. Read More

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Computer-Assisted Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2020 Nov;117(47):793-800

Department of Traumatology, Hannover Medical School; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Annastift.

Background: There are many ways in which computer-assisted orthopedic and trauma surgery (CAOS) procedures can help surgeons to plan and execute an intervention.

Methods: This study is based on data derived from a selective search of the literature in the PubMed database, supported by a Google Scholar search.

Results: For most applications the evidence is weak. Read More

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November 2020

A comparison on the detection accuracy of ante mortem computed tomography vs. autopsy for the diagnosis of pelvic ring injury in legal medicine.

J Forensic Sci 2021 May 29;66(3):919-925. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Institute of Legal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

A detailed knowledge on the exact morphology of pelvic injuries provided crucial information in understanding the mechanisms of injury and has influence on the natural course and subsequent mortality. However, forensic medical literature investigating pelvic fractures in detail is scarce to date. This case series aims to compare the accuracy in detecting pelvic injuries using autopsy and ante mortem computed tomography (CT). Read More

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Transverse and transverse-variant acetabular fractures with ipsilateral sacroiliac joint injuries: A technical note for reduction and stabilization.

Injury 2021 Apr 2;52(4):1083-1088. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

McGovern Medical School at UTHealth Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Houston, TX, USA.

Transverse and T-type acetabular fractures are high energy fractures that may be associated with a disruption of the pelvic ring. While several studies report upon clinical findings and outcomes associated with combination injuries of the pelvic ring and acetabulum, there are limited reports discussing surgical treatment strategies for reduction and stabilization. Herein we focus on describing reduction and stabilization techniques of transverse or transverse-variant acetabular fractures with an associated ipsilateral partial disruption of the sacroiliac joint. Read More

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Multidisciplinary management of patients with pubic osteomyelitis, a rare but serious complication after surgery and radiation therapy for advanced gynaecological cancer.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jan 11;14(1). Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Pubic osteomyelitis is a rare and often late-onset complication of radiation therapy and surgery for vulvar and vaginal carcinoma. It typically presents with vulvar pain, fever, vaginal discharge and/or gait disorders. Pubic osteomyelitis is often accompanied by fistulas or wound dehiscence in the pelvic area. Read More

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January 2021

A biomechanics study on ligamentous injury in anterior-posterior compression type II pelvic injury.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jan 11;16(1):41. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Orthopedics Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, NO. 109, Xue Yuan West Road, Wenzhou, 325027, Zhejiang Province, China.

Background: Anterior-posterior compression (APC) type II pelvis fracture is caused by the destruction of pelvic ligaments. This study aims to explore ligaments injury in APC type II pelvic injury.

Method: Fourteen human cadaveric pelvis samples with sacrospinous ligament (SPL), sacrotuberous ligament (SBL), anterior sacroiliac ligament (ASL), and partial bone retaining unilaterally were acquired for this study. Read More

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January 2021

Treatment outcomes of peri-articular steroid injection for patients with work-related sacroiliac joint pain and lumbar para-spinal muscle strain.

Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2021 Jan 3;34(1):111-120. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA, USA (Department of Occupational Medicine).

Objectives: Evaluating treatment outcomes of local corticosteroid injections for work-related lower back pain (LBP) as the current evidence for the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine guidelines is considered insufficient to recommend this practice.

Material And Methods: The authors conducted a retrospective study involving the patients who were treated with peri-articular and lower lumbar corticosteroid injections for work-related LBP at their occupational medicine clinic.

Results: Sixty-four patients met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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January 2021

The morphology of ligamentous sacroiliac lesions - challenge to the antero-posterior compression mechanism.

Injury 2021 Apr 17;52(4):941-945. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Department of Traumatology, John Hunter Hospital and University of Newcastle, Lookout Rd, New Lambton Heights NSW, 2305, Australia. Electronic address:

Aim: This paper evaluates computer tomographic morphology of partial ligamentous lesions of the sacroiliac joint. We hypothesised that in antero-posterior compression (APC) injuries the anterior superior portion of the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) should open up the most as suggested by the vector forces outlined in the Young and Burgess classification.

Methods: All patients who underwent operative fixation of a ligamentous APC pelvic injury between July 2009 and December 2015 in a single Level-1 trauma centre were included. Read More

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Minimally Invasive Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: A Lateral Approach Using Triangular Titanium Implants and Navigation.

JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2020 Oct-Dec;10(4). Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Minimally invasive sacroiliac (SI) joint fusion is indicated for low back pain from the SI joint that is due to degenerative sacroiliitis and/or sacroiliac joint disruption. This technique is safe and effective in relieving pain uncontrolled by nonoperative management. There is some controversy, but there continues to be increasing evidence of effectiveness. Read More

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October 2020

Combined Anterior Pelvic (CAP) approach for fracture acetabulum fixation - Functional outcome evaluation and predictors of outcome.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2020 Nov-Dec;11(6):1136-1142. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Orthopaedics Max Multi-speciality Hospital Mohali, 160062, India.

Objective: Ilio-inguinal approach has been considered standard anterior approach for acetabulum fracture fixation. Different modifications of this approach have been described. This study analysed the patients treated using a Combined Anterior Pelvic (CAP) approach - minimal AIP (anterior intra-pelvic) with modified ilio-femoral along with 'anterior superior iliac spine' osteotomy. Read More

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October 2020

Factors affecting quality of life after pelvic fracture.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2020 Nov-Dec;11(6):1016-1024. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

Dept. of Biostatistics, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India.

Introduction: Functional outcome and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after pelvis fracture is suboptimal; majority of the patients do not return to their preinjury activities. Many researchers reported that late morbidity in pelvis fracture is associated with severity of the fracture, associated trauma, pelvic fracture-related complications and methods of treatment.

Material And Methods: One hundred and twelve patients with pelvis fracture who were treated either conservatively (n = 88) or surgically (n = 24) with a minimum of two years follow up were evaluated clinically and radiologically. Read More

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September 2020

Radiostereometric Analysis Allows Assessment of the Stability and Inducible Displacement of Pelvic Ring Disruptions during Healing: A Case Series.

J Clin Med 2020 Oct 24;9(11). Epub 2020 Oct 24.

Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia.

There is currently no accurate data on fracture displacement during the rehabilitation of pelvic ring injuries. This study investigated the use of radiostereometric analysis (RSA) in assessing the stability of C1 pelvic ring injuries stabilised with a posterior plate and an anterior external fixator. Six patients, instructed to weight-bear as tolerated after surgery, were reviewed at 2, 4, 6, 12, 26, 52 and 104 weeks. Read More

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October 2020

Atypical Unilateral Sacroiliitis Secondary to Mechanical Stress Injury.

J Radiol Case Rep 2020 Sep 30;14(9):10-17. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Department of Rheumatology, Hotel-Dieu de France Hospital and Faculty of Medicine-Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.

We report for the first time a case of atypical unilateral sacroiliitis secondary to mechanical stress injury. Unilateral sacroiliitis can be caused by a variety of etiologies. The first diagnosis to rule out is infection since it requires urgent treatment to avoid its serious consequences. Read More

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September 2020

Subarachnoid Contrast Hyperdensity Following Pelvic Trauma Mimicking Diffuse Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.

Cureus 2020 Sep 15;12(9):e10460. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Surgery, Grand Strand Medical Center, Myrtle Beach, USA.

We present a case of a 54-year-old male who was involved in a motorcycle accident. His head computed tomography (CT) scan on arrival at our Level 1 institution was positive for hyperdensity suspicious for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Spine CT showed anterior compression fractures of T7-T9 vertebral bodies along with the presence of contrast within the subarachnoid space in the thoracic and lumbar spine, raising suspicion for a dural tear. Read More

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September 2020

Clinico-Radiological Evaluation of Modified Stoppa Approach in Treatment of Acetabulum Fractures.

Cureus 2020 Sep 2;12(9):e10193. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Orthopaedics and Trauma, Central Institute of Orthopaedics, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College (VMMC) & Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi, IND.

Background The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of Modified Stoppa approach for surgical treatment of acetabulum fractures by analyzing clinical and radiological outcomes. Also, we assess intraoperative and postoperative complications of fracture treated by using Modified Stoppa approach. Objectives To evaluate clinical outcomes of Modified Stoppa approach by using Merle d'Aubigne hip score. Read More

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September 2020

[Trends in the surgical treatment of fractures of the pelvic ring : A nationwide analysis of operations and procedures code (OPS) data between 2005 and 2017].

Unfallchirurg 2021 May;124(5):373-381

Klinik für Unfall, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Münster, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, Gebäude W1, Waldeyerstraße 1, 48149, Münster, Deutschland.

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiological trends and incidences in inpatient pelvic surgery in the period from 2005 to 2007.

Method: Approximately 194 million anonymized diagnosis-related groups (DRG) inpatient records were collected by the German Federal Statistical Office between 2005 and 2017. These data were screened for pelvic procedures, gender and age of the patients. Read More

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An international survey of pelvic trauma surgeons on the management of pelvic ring injuries.

Injury 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, South Delhi, India.

Introduction: There exists substantial variability in the management of pelvic ring injuries among pelvic trauma surgeons. The objective of this study was to perform a comprehensive survey on the management of pelvic ring injuries among an international group of pelvic trauma surgeons to determine areas of agreement and disagreement.

Methods: A 45-item questionnaire was developed using an online survey platform and distributed to 30 international pelvic trauma surgeons. Read More

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Evaluating Inflammatory Versus Mechanical Back Pain in Individuals with Psoriatic Arthritis: A Review of the Literature.

Rheumatol Ther 2020 Dec 15;7(4):667-684. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Arthritis Center of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA.

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic immune-mediated disease characterized by psoriatic skin and nail changes, peripheral joint inflammation, enthesitis, dactylitis, and/or axial involvement, either alone or in combination with each other. The presence of axial involvement has been shown to be a marker of PsA severity; however, there is no widely accepted definition of axial involvement in PsA (axPsA) or consensus on how or when to screen and treat patients with suspected axPsA. Chronic back pain is a prominent feature of axPsA and is thought to have a relevant role in early identification of disease. Read More

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December 2020

Computed Tomographic Evaluation of the Sacroiliac Joints of Young Working Labrador Retrievers of Various Work Status Groups: Detected Lesions Vary Among the Different Groups and Finite Element Analyses of the Static Pelvis Yields Repeatable Measures of Sacroiliac Ligament Joint Strain.

Front Vet Sci 2020 14;7:528. Epub 2020 Aug 14.

School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, United States.

Musculoskeletal injuries can lead to a working dog being withdrawn from service prior to retirement. During training exercises, young working dogs are often required to perform repetitive tasks, including adoption of an upright posture (or "hupp" task). Non-invasive, quantitative methods would be helpful for supporting research on effects of these repetitive tasks on sacroiliac joints (SIJ). Read More

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Extended anterolateral transiliac approach to the sacral plexus.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2020 Sep 30;106(5):841-844. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

CHU de Rouen, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 76000 Rouen, France. Electronic address:

The approach to the sciatic plexus and lateral part of the sacrum is difficult. A subperitoneal anterolateral approach can be extended by sectioning the iliac bone above the acetabulum and lowering it toward the external part of the iliac wing and buttock. This transiliac anterolateral approach exposes the lumbosacral trunk, first sacral foramina and sciatic plexus to the origin of the sciatic trunk. Read More

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September 2020

Computer navigation-assisted minimally invasive percutaneous screw placement for pelvic fractures.

World J Clin Cases 2020 Jun;8(12):2464-2472

Department of Orthopedics, the Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130014, Jilin Province, China.

Pelvic fractures are often caused by high-energy injuries and accompanied by hemodynamic instability. Traditional open surgery has a large amount of bleeding, which is not suitable for patients with acute pelvic fracture. Navigation-guided, percutaneous puncture-screw implantation has gradually become a preferred procedure due to its advantages, which include less trauma, faster recovery times, and less bleeding. Read More

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Risk of Injury to the Neurovascular Structures in the Pararectus Approach Used in Acetabular Fractures: A Cadaver Study.

J Orthop Trauma 2021 01;35(1):e13-e17

Department of Anatomy, Akdeniz University, Medical Faculty, Antalya, TR.

Objectives: Complex acetabular fractures involving the quadrilateral plate may necessitate infrapectineal buttress plating, which can be performed through the pararectus approach. The aim of this cadaveric study was to identify the anatomical guide points to protect neurovascular structures at the risk of injury during the pararectus approach.

Methods: Six fresh frozen cadavers (12 hemipelves) were dissected in this study. Read More

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January 2021