36,350 results match your criteria Sacral Plexus


Removal of the entire internal iliac vessel system is a feasible surgical procedure for locally advanced ovarian carcinoma adhered firmly to the pelvic sidewall.

Int J Clin Oncol 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Gynecology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1, Inohana, Chuo-ku, 2608677, Chiba city, Chiba, Japan.

Background: Ovarian carcinomas sometimes grow in the pelvic cavity, adhering firmly to the pelvic sidewall. These cases are often considered as inoperable or result in the incomplete resection because the tumors are not mobile. We performed en bloc resection of the tumors along with the entire internal iliac vessel system to achieve complete resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-019-01429-7DOI Listing

[Application of one-stage posterior surgery via unilateral musculussacrospinalis iliac flap approach in treatment of lumbosacral tuberculosis].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;33(3):296-301

Department of Orthopedics, Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital, Guiyang Guizhou, 550002, P.R.China.

Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of one-stage posterior surgery via unilateral musculussacrospinalis iliac flap approach in treatment of lumbosacral tuberculosis.

Methods: Between August 2011 and October 2014, 13 patients with lumbosacral tuberculosis were treated by one-stage posterior reserved posterior ligament complex, lesion debridement, bone graft fusion, and internal fixation via unilateral musculussacrospinalis iliac flap approach. There were 8 males and 5 females, aged from 22 to 57 years, with an average age of 35 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201809090DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Diffusion tensor imaging of diabetic amyotrophy.

Skeletal Radiol 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX, 75390-9178, USA.

Objective: To qualitatively and quantitatively characterize the nerves of patients with diabetic amyotrophy (DA) using magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI).

Materials And Methods: Forty controls and 13 DA cases were analyzed. 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-019-03182-4DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

T2 mapping of lumbosacral nerves in patients suffering from unilateral radicular pain due to degenerative disc disease.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 22:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

4Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich; and.

OBJECTIVELumbosacral radicular syndrome (LRS) is a very common condition, often requiring diagnostic imaging with the aim of elucidating a structural cause when symptoms are longer lasting. However, findings on conventional anatomical MRI do not necessarily correlate with clinical symptoms, and it is primarily performed for the qualitative evaluation of surrounding compressive structures, such as herniated discs, instead of to evaluate the nerves directly. The present study investigated the performance of quantitative imaging by using magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) in patients with LRS. Read More

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https://thejns.org/view/journals/j-neurosurg-spine/aop/artic
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.SPINE181172DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Urethral regions with differential tissular composition may underlie urinary continence and voiding function in female rats.

Neurourol Urodyn 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Centro Tlaxcala de Biología de la Conducta, Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, México.

Aims: To analyze, in female rats, the anatomical and histological features of the urethra and its relationship with the vagina and clitoris, and its innervation.

Methods: Seventeen adult female Wistar rats were used. Gross anatomy and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) histochemistry were performed to describe the urethral features, adjacent structures, and innervation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nau.23934DOI Listing
February 2019

Brain and Spinal Cord Lesions in Leprosy: A Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Study.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

Neurotropism and infiltration by of peripheral nerves causing neuropathy are well established, but reports of central nervous system (CNS) damage are exceptional. We report CNS magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities of the brain and spinal cord as well as lesions in nerve roots and plexus in leprosy patients. Eight patients aged between 17 and 41 years underwent detailed clinical, histopathological, and MRI evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0945DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads
2.699 Impact Factor

Lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy: Incidence and the association with diabetes mellitus.

Neurology 2019 Mar 13;92(11):e1188-e1194. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

From the Department of Neurology (P.S.N.), National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore; Department of Neurology (P.S.N., P.J.D., R.S.L., M.V.P., P.J.B.D.), and Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics (P.T.), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Objective: To determine the previously unknown incidence of lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy (LRPN) and its association with diabetes mellitus (DM).

Methods: LRPN defined by clinical and electrophysiologic criteria was identified among Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents during a 16-year period (2000-2015) using the unique facilities of the Rochester Epidemiology Project. DM was ascertained using American Diabetes Association criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000007020DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Case report: absence of the right piriformis muscle in a woman.

Surg Radiol Anat 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Chirurgia Plastica Ricostruttiva ed Estetica, Policlinico 'Paolo Giaccone' di Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

We report a very rare case of a unilaterally absent piriformis muscle in a 60 year old woman. Accompanying variations comprised a common gluteal artery (instead of two distinct superior and inferior gluteal arteries), and an absent gemellus inferior muscle. The contralateral left side showed a normally developed piriformis muscle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-018-02176-6DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Analgesic strategies for day-case knee surgery.

Anaesthesia 2019 04 12;74(4):529-533. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

King's College London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anae.14583DOI Listing

Frequent central nervous system, pachymeningeal and plexus MRI changes in POEMS syndrome.

J Neurol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK.

Objective: Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a rare multisystem disease associated with a plasma-cell dyscrasia. Although pachymeningeal involvement has occasionally been described, MRI of the central nervous system (CNS) has not yet been extensively investigated.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated CNS MRI in Europe's largest single-center cohort of POEMS syndrome. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00415-019-09233-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-019-09233-zDOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

[Surgical treatment of proximal femoral fractures in high-risk geriatric patients under peripheral regional anesthesia : A clinical case series].

Authors:
R Seidel E Barbakow

Anaesthesist 2019 Feb 5;68(2):108-114. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Klinik für Anästhesiologie, HELIOS-Kliniken Schwerin, Wismarsche Straße 393-7, 19049, Schwerin, Deutschland.

The authors describe in a clinical case series (n = 7) of older (age 78-95 years) high-risk patients the successful surgical treatment of proximal femoral fractures in a peripheral regional anesthesia technique. After positioning on the non-fractured side, a double injection technique (dual guidance concept: sonography plus nerve stimulation) was chosen. The injections were performed parasacrally (blockade of the sacral plexus under the piriformis muscle) and lumbar-paravertebrally (psoas compartment block and transmuscular quadratus lumborum block). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00101-019-0537-7DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[Management of neurogenic tumors of the sacrum and sacral area].

Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2018 ;82(6):53-58

Burdenko Neurosurgical Institute, Moscow, Russia.

Tumors of the sacrum rarely occur in routine practice. Due to the absence of pathognomonic symptoms, the diagnosis often becomes apparent at a late disease stage. In this case, the treatment approach depends on the degree of tumor malignancy, growth pattern and location, and relationship between the tumor and the nervous structures, major vessels, and pelvic bones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/neiro20188206153DOI Listing
January 2018

Effects of hyaluronidase on ropivacaine or bupivacaine regional anaesthesia of the canine pelvic limb.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2019 Mar 28;46(2):214-225. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; Anaesthesia and Critical Care Services, Valley Farm Animal Hospital, Pretoria, South Africa. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the effect of hyaluronidase on time to onset and offset of anaesthesia in ropivacaine or bupivacaine femoral-ischiatic nerve blocks.

Study Design: Blinded randomized crossover trial.

Animals: Eight dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2018.09.041DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Neurotoxicity of intraneural injection of bupivacaine liposome injectable suspension versus bupivacaine hydrochloride in a porcine model.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2019 Mar 11;46(2):236-245. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Clinical Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Objective: To test whether neurotoxic effects of a bupivacaine liposome injectable suspension differ from those of a standard formulation of bupivacaine hydrochloride (HCl) after intraneural injection into the sciatic nerves in pigs.

Study Design: Prospective, randomized study.

Animals: Fifteen pigs, hybrids of Landrace and Large White. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2018.09.044DOI Listing

Predeterminative role of Onuf's nucleus ischemia on mesenteric artery vasospasm in spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage: A preliminary experimental study.

Asian J Surg 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Ataturk University, Medical Faculty, Department of Pathology, Erzurum, Turkey.

Background: Although posttraumatic mesenteric artery ischemia is attributed to various etiologies, sacral parasympathetic network/mesenteric artery relations have not been studied so far. The primary objective of this study is to elucidate whether there is a relationship between Onuf's nucleus ischemia and mesenteric artery vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).

Methods: This study was conducted on 22 rabbits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2018.12.004DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

Authors:
Swati Jha

BJOG 2019 Mar 17;126(4):443. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Sheffield, Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15568DOI Listing

Biomarkers mapping of neuropathic pain in a nerve chronic constriction injury mice model.

Biochimie 2019 Mar 11;158:172-179. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, Italy.

Neuropathic pain is caused by a lesion or disease of the somatosensory nervous system and has a considerable impact on the quality of life. Neuropathic pain has a dynamic and complex aetiology and gives heterogeneous symptoms across patients; therefore, it represents an important clinical challenge. Current pharmacological treatment includes tricyclic antidepressant serotonin-noradrenaline uptake inhibitors such as duloxetine, pregabalin, and gabapentin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biochi.2019.01.005DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Magnesium Sulfate as Adjuvant in Prehospital Femoral Nerve Block for a Patient with Diaphysial Femoral Fracture: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Pain Res Manag 2018 3;2018:2926404. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Emergency Medical Service, Sahloul Academic Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia.

Introduction: Prehospital management of traumatic pain is commonly based on morphine while locoregional analgesia techniques, especially the femoral nerve block (FNB), can be safely and efficiently used. Adjuvants uses can reduce local anesthetic doses and decrease their related risk. The aim of the study was to assess the analgesic effect of magnesium sulfate when used as an adjuvant in prehospital FNB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2926404DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304916PMC

Effect of Axonal Length on Direct Neuromuscular Neurotization: An Experimental Study.

Turk Neurosurg 2019 ;29(1):110-114

Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: To compare the effect of long and short axonal lengths on neuromuscular neurotization (NMN).

Material And Methods: In this study, 18 male Wistar rats were divided into two groups. In each group, the peroneal nerve and soleus muscle were dissected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.22981-18.2DOI Listing
February 2019

Negative pressure pulmonary edema postextubation following medial nerve repair with sural graft surgery in a young patient: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(52):e13743

The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Department of Anesthesiology.

Rationale: Negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) is a serious well-described pulmonary complication. It occurs after an intense inspiratory effort against an obstructed or closed upper airway and generates a large negative airway pressure, leading to severe pulmonary edema (transvascular fluid filtration and interstitial/alveolar edema) and hypoxemia. We present a case of NPPE following general anesthesia in a patient who underwent median nerve neurorrhaphy with graft from lower left limb (sural nerve) due to sharp injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013743DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314689PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Regional anaesthesia, diabetic neuropathy, and dexmedetomidine: a neurotoxic combination?

Authors:
P Lirk C M Brummett

Br J Anaesth 2019 01 24;122(1):16-18. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2018.09.017DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Dexmedetomidine enhances ropivacaine-induced sciatic nerve injury in diabetic rats.

Br J Anaesth 2019 Jan 4;122(1):141-149. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Anaesthetics, Pain Medicine and Intensive Care, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Chelsea & Westminster Hospital, London, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Previous studies suggest that dexmedetomidine has a protective effect against local anaesthetic-induced nerve injury in regional nerve blocks. Whether this potentially protective effect exists in the context of diabetes mellitus is unknown.

Methods: A diabetic state was established in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00070912183069
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2018.08.022DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

[Effect of exosomes from adipose-derived stem cells on peripheral nerve regeneration].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(12):1592-1596

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Naval Military Medical University (Second Military Medical University), Shanghai, 200003,

Objective: To investigate the effects of exosomes from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on peripheral nerve regeneration, and to find a new treatment for peripheral nerve injury.

Methods : Thirty-six adult Sprague Dawley (SD) rats (male or female, weighing 220-240 g) were randomly divided into 3 groups ( =12). Group A was the control group; group B was sciatic nerve injury group; group C was sciatic nerve injury combined with exosomes from ADSCs treatment group. Read More

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http://www.rrsurg.com/article/10.7507/1002-1892.201707051
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201707051DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Lumbosacral plexus palsy and pelvic myositis after gluteal muscle injection.

Neurol Clin Pract 2018 Oct;8(5):e21-e22

Departments of Neurology (LW, H-HJ, JAP) and Radiology (RG, MH), University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/CPJ.0000000000000519DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276350PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Predictive Value of Preoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings for Survival and Local Recurrence in Patients Undergoing En Bloc Resection of Sacral Chordomas.

Neurosurgery 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurological Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Background: Few studies have assessed the prognostic importance of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan findings in patients undergoing en bloc resection of sacral chordomas.

Objective: To (1) report in-depth imaging characteristics of sacral chordomas, (2) describe the patterns of local and distant recurrence, and (3) determine imaging predictors of overall survival (OS) and local recurrence (LR).

Methods: This retrospective case series was obtained from a prospectively maintained spine database from 1995 to 2016. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/neurosurgery/advance-article/doi/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyy578DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Epidemiology and etiology of secondary piriformis syndrome: A single-institution retrospective study.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Jan 24;59:209-212. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Piriformis syndrome (PS) is a rare etiology of extra-spinal sciatica in which pathologies associated with or around the piriformis muscle (PM) irritate the adjacent sciatic nerve (SN), however, there is scarcity in the literature regarding its exact etiologies, thus, we performed a retrospective study to elucidate the epidemiology of PS and assess various causes of the syndrome. Our study included patients assessed at our institution who presented with sciatica of non-spinal origin between May 2014 and December 2015. Radiology reports of all patients who received pelvic MRI were examined for positive findings involving PM and SN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.10.069DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Use of continuous sciatic nerve block for a week as part of a multidisciplinary approach for limb salvage in two dogs.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2019 01 20;46(1):141-143. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2018.09.002DOI Listing
January 2019

Anatomic Considerations in the Lateral Transpsoas Interbody Fusion: The Impact of Age, Sex, BMI, and Scoliosis.

Clin Spine Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL.

Study Design: This is a retrospective case series.

Objective: Define the anatomic variations and the risk factors for such within the operative corridor of the transpsoas lateral interbody fusion.

Summary Of Background Data: The lateral interbody fusion approach has recently been associated with devastating complications such as injury to the lumbosacral plexus, surrounding vasculature, and bowel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BSD.0000000000000760DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Shoulder dystocia: incidence, mechanisms, and management strategies.

Int J Womens Health 2018 9;10:723-732. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada,

Shoulder dystocia can lead to death or brain damage for the baby. Traction on the head can damage the brachial plexus. The diagnosis should be made when the mother cannot push the shoulders out with her own efforts with the next contraction after delivery of the head. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S175088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233701PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Magnetic resonance imaging for common peroneal nerve injury in trauma patients: Are routine knee sequences adequate for prediction of outcome?

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2019 Feb 3;63(1):54-60. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Radiology, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: Common peroneal nerve (CPN) injury occurs in 10-40% of patients following knee dislocation. Is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using routine knee protocols able to adequately evaluate CPN injury and predict long-term outcome?

Methods: Trauma patients presenting for knee MRI at a single public hospital, between July 2007 and May 2017, were retrospectively identified using radiology and orthopaedic databases. Medical records were retrieved for clinical scores. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1754-9485.12840
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.12840DOI Listing
February 2019
20 Reads

Sciatic nerve block in dogs: description and evaluation of a modified ultrasound-guided parasacral approach.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2019 Jan 22;46(1):106-115. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Objective: To develop a modified ultrasound-guided parasacral approach to the sciatic nerve and compare the effects of a volume of 0.2 mL kg of 0.5% levobupivacaine with an equivalent volume of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2018.10.003DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A comparison of adductor canal block and femoral nerve block after total-knee arthroplasty regarding analgesic effect, effectiveness of early rehabilitation, and lateral knee pain relief in the early stage.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13391

Department of Anesthesiology, West China School of Medicine/West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic effect on the lateral and overall knee and early rehabilitation between adductor canal block (ACB) and femoral nerve block (FNB) after total-knee arthroplasty.

Method: Two hundred patients randomly participated in the study and were divided into the ACB group and FNB group in a randomized manner. All patients received standardized anesthesia and analgesia upon hospitalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013391DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6283224PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

A wolf in sheep's clothing: a benign perineurioma-like lesion that is not what it seems.

Singapore Med J 2018 Nov;59(11):608-610

Department of Anatomical Pathology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2018137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250761PMC
November 2018

Tendinosis-like changes in denervated rat Achilles tendon.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Nov 30;19(1):426. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Section for Anatomy, Umeå University, Johan Bures väg 12, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Tendon disorders are common and lead to significant disability and pain. Our knowledge of the 'tennis elbow', the 'jumpers knee', and Achilles tendinosis has increased over the years, but changes in denervated tendons is yet to be described in detail. The aim of the present study was to investigate the morphological and biochemical changes in tendon tissue following two weeks of denervation using a unilateral sciatic nerve transection model in rat Achilles tendons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2353-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267070PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Discussion: Contralateral Botulinum Toxin Improved Functional Recovery after Tibial Nerve Repair in Rats.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 12;142(6):1520-1522

Ann Arbor, Mich. From the Section of Plastic Surgery and the Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005075DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

[Lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy with a small intramedullary lesion in posterior spinal cord: a case report].

Authors:
Motomi Arai

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Dec 29;58(12):745-749. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Neurology, Seirei Mikatahara General Hospital.

We present the unique case of a patient with lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy (LRPN) and a small intramedullary lesion, probably an infarction, in the spinal cord. A previously healthy 58-year-old female developed acute severe pain involving the entire right lower limb, followed by weakness of the right lower limb a few hours later. The patient could not walk and was referred to our clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001213DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Analysis of BMSCs-intervened viscoelasticity of sciatic nerve in rats with chronic alcoholic intoxication 1.

Acta Cir Bras 2018 Oct;33(10):935-944

PhD, Department of Orthopaedics, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, China. Technical procedures, analysis of data.

Purpose: To investigate the impact of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) intervention on the viscoelasticity of sciatic nerve in rats with chronic alcohol intoxication (CAI).

Methods: The CAI rat models were prepared, divided into model groups, and treated with either BMSCs or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Then the rats underwent electrophysiological test and the serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and metallothionein (MT) were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-865020180100000008DOI Listing
October 2018

Unrestricted Somatic Stem Cells Loaded in Nanofibrous Conduit as Potential Candidate for Sciatic Nerve Regeneration.

J Mol Neurosci 2019 Jan 27;67(1):48-61. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Motor and sensory recovery following critical size peripheral nerve defects is often incomplete. Although nerve grafting has been proposed as the gold standard, it is associated with several disadvantages. Here we report a novel approach to peripheral nerve repair using Human Unrestricted Somatic Stem Cells (USSC) delivered through an electrospun neural guidance conduit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12031-018-1209-9DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Raman Spectroscopic Analysis to Detect Reduced Bone Quality after Sciatic Neurectomy in Mice.

Molecules 2018 Nov 25;23(12). Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Bone and Joint Surgery, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Toon 791-0295, Ehime, Japan.

Bone mineral density (BMD) is a commonly used diagnostic indicator for bone fracture risk in osteoporosis. Along with low BMD, bone fragility accounts for reduced bone quality in addition to low BMD, but there is no diagnostic method to directly assess the bone quality. In this study, we investigated changes in bone quality using the Raman spectroscopic technique. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/23/12/3081
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules23123081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321365PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Effect of Reneurorrhaphy of Distal Coaptation on Nerve Regeneration After Nerve Grafting: Animal Experimental Study.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 15;122:e1365-e1373. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Hand Surgery, China Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Previous studies have shown that reneurorrhaphy of a distal coaptation at an appropriate time after nerve grafting can upregulate neurotrophins in rat spinal cord neurons. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect this procedure has on peripheral nerve regeneration.

Methods: Fifteen Wistar rats were randomly assigned to sham-surgery, control, or experimental (transection and rerepair of the distal coaptation of the grafting nerve) groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.049DOI Listing
February 2019

Administration of CoCl Improves Functional Recovery in a Rat Model of Sciatic Nerve Transection Injury.

Int J Med Sci 2018 7;15(13):1423-1432. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Orthopedics, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University.

Peripheral nerve injury is known to activate the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) pathway as one of pro-regenerative transcriptional programs, which could stimulate multiple injury-induced gene expression and contribute to axon regeneration and functional recovery. However, the role of HIF-1α in peripheral nerve regeneration remains to be fully elucidated. In this study, rats were divided into three groups and treated with sham surgery, surgery with cobalt chloride (CoCl) and surgery with saline, respectively. Read More

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http://www.medsci.org/v15p1423.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/ijms.27867DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6216053PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Polypyrrole-coated poly(l-lactic acid-co-ε-caprolactone)/silk fibroin nanofibrous nerve guidance conduit induced nerve regeneration in rat.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2019 Jan 8;94:190-199. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

State Key Lab for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China; Shandong International Biotechnology Park Development Co., Ltd., Yantai 264003, China. Electronic address:

According to our previous study, polypyrrole (Ppy) possessed good conductivity and non-cytotoxicity. In this study, the surface of electrospun poly(l-lactic acid-co-ε-caprolactone)/silk fibroin (PLCL/SF) was coated with Ppy to fabricate Ppy-coated nerve guidance conduit (NGC). Firstly, the presence of Ppy on the prepared NGC was characterized and confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic spectra (XPS) and Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09284931173333
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2018.09.021DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

[Electromyography analysis in 13 patients with acute trimethyltin chloride poisoning].

Authors:
L Xiao K Zou

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2018 Sep;36(9):685-687

Nerve electrophysiology lab, First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical University, Ganzhou 341000, China.

To investigate the electromyography (EMG) characteristics and clinical significance in patients with acute trimethyltin chloride (TMT) poisoning. Retrospectively analyze the EMG results of major limb nerves and muscles of 13 patients with acute TMT poisoning. Among the 13 patients, 10 cases had abnormal and the abnormal rate was 76. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2018.09.010DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Comparison of OnabotulinumtoxinA versus sacral neuromodulation for refractory urinary urge incontinence: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Int J Surg 2018 Dec 9;60:141-148. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Orthopedics Department, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Lanzhou, 730000, China. Electronic address:

Background & Aim: Both intradetrusor OnabotulinumtoxinA (BTX) and Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) as third-line therapies for urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) are increasingly being utilized. However, there are differences in preference between patients and medical personnel in clinical practice. This meta-analysis was designed to compare BTX versus SNM in treatment of UUI. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17439191183168
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2018.10.041DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Paths of femoral nerve catheters placed using ultrasound-guided in plane vs out of plane techniques: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(43):e12958

Department of Anesthesiology, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center, University of Goettingen, Goettingen.

Background: Continuous blockade of the femoral nerve is widely used for postoperative analgesia after hip surgery. It can be achieved by ultrasound-guided placement of a femoral nerve catheter via either the in plane (IP) or out of plane (OOP) technique. On the basis of postoperative radiographs, we evaluated the paths of femoral nerve catheters with respect to both techniques and its effect on postoperative analgesia. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201810260-0005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221616PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

The majority of piriformis muscles are innervated by the superior gluteal nerve.

Clin Anat 2019 Mar 21;32(2):282-286. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Seattle Science Foundation, Seattle, Washington.

The piriformis muscle is clinically implicated in pain disorders, posterior approaches for total hip arthroplasty, and iatrogenic injury to the muscle and the surrounding nerves. The piriformis muscle has been said to receive innervation from L5 to S3 ventral rami with most sources using S1 and S2 ventral rami as the most common innervation this muscle. However, descriptions of the nerve in the literature are vague. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ca.23311
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23311DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads