1,293,619 results match your criteria SCI Psychosocial Process[Journal]


Characterization of distinct mechanism of agonist-induced canine platelet activation.

J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.

Platelet activation plays a major role in hemostasis and thrombosis. Various agonists including ADP and thrombin interact with GPCRs which transduce signals from the cell surface to intracellular effectors through various G proteins. Recent studies have elucidated the role of these receptors and their corresponding G proteins in the regulation of events involved in platelet activation. Read More

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December 2018

Genotyping of strains detected in cattle from a nationwide survey in Korea.

Authors:
Yo-Han Kim Doo Kim

J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 200-701, Korea.

A total of 123 strains detected in cattle from a nationwide survey in Korea were classified into the genomic groups I (0.8%), II (13.8%), III (11. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of strains isolated during anthrax outbreaks in Italy from 1984 to 2017.

J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Puglia e della Basilicata, Anthrax Reference Institute of Italy, Foggia 71121, Italy.

Anthrax, caused by , is a non-contagious infectious disease that affects a wide range of animal species (primarily ruminants), as well as humans. Due to the often fatal outcome in human cases, the quick administration of definitely effective antimicrobials is crucial either as prophylaxis or for the therapy of clinical cases. In this study, a total of 110 strains, temporally, geographically and genetically different, isolated during anthrax outbreaks in Italy from 1984 to 2017, were screened for their susceptibility towards 16 clinically relevant antimicrobial agents using the broth microdilution method. Read More

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December 2018

Genome-wide association study of degenerative mitral valve disease in Maltese dogs.

J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05030, Korea.

Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a powerful tool for identifying the genetic causes of various diseases. This study conducted to identify genomic variation in Maltese dog genomes associated with degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) development and evaluate the association of each biological condition with DMVD in Maltese dogs. DNA was extracted from blood samples obtained from 48 Maltese dogs (32 with DMVD and 16 controls). Read More

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December 2018
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Effects of irradiation and leukoreduction on down regulation of CXCL-8 and storage lesion in stored canine whole blood.

J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Institute of Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Korea.

White blood cells (WBCs) and storage period are the main factors of transfusion reactions. In the present study, cytokine/chemokine concentrations after leukoreduction (LR) and irradiation (IR) in stored canine whole blood were measured. Red blood cell (RBC) storage lesion caused by IR and LR were also compared. Read More

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December 2018
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Immune system stimulation increases dietary threonine requirements for protein deposition in growing pigs.

J Anim Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas.

Previous studies have reported an increase in the utilization of threonine (Thr) during immune system stimulation (ISS). However, increased utilization of an amino acid (AA) during ISS may not reflect an increased dietary requirement, as endogenous sources may supply AA to meet the need for enhanced utilization. The current study evaluated the impact of ISS on components of dietary Thr requirements, i. Read More

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December 2018

Factors that can influence the survival rates of coral snakes (Micrurus corallinus) for antivenom production.

J Anim Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratório de Herpetologia do Instituto Butantan, Av. Vital Brazil, São Paulo - Brasil.

Envenoming and deaths resulting from snakebites are a particularly important public health problem in rural tropical areas of Africa, Asia, Latin America and New Guinea. In 2015 The Lancet highlighted snake-bite envenoming as a neglected tropical disease and urged the world to increase antivenom production. In Brazil around 20,000 snakebites occur per year affecting mostly agricultural workers and children, of which 1% are caused by coral snakes (Micrurus sp). Read More

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December 2018

Effect of losartan and fish oil on plasma IL-6 and mobility in older persons. The ENRGISE Pilot randomized clinical trial.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Biostatistics and Data Science, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Background: Low-grade chronic inflammation, characterized by elevations in plasma Interleukin-6 (IL-6), is an independent risk factor of impaired mobility in older persons. Angiotensin receptor blockers and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3) may reduce IL-6 and may potentially improve physical function. To assess the main effects of the angiotensin receptor blocker losartan and ω-3 as fish oil on IL-6 and 400 m walking speed, we conducted the ENRGISE Pilot multicenter randomized clinical trial. Read More

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December 2018
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Silencing the ACAT1 Gene in Human SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells Inhibits the Expression of Cyclo-Oxygenase 2 (COX2) and Reduces β-Amyloid-Induced Toxicity Due to Activation of Protein Kinase C (PKC) and ERK.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 12;24:9007-9018. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Acyl-coenzymeA: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) 1, a key enzyme converting excess free cholesterol to cholesterol esters, has been demonstrated to be associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). However, the mechanism underlying the protective role of ACAT1 blockage in AD progression remains elusive. MATERIAL AND METHODS Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were treated for 24 h with increasing concentrations of aggregated Aβ₂₅₋₃₅ (5, 15, 25, and 45 μmol) with or without the ACAT1 siRNA pretreatment. Read More

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December 2018

Predictive Value of Head-Neck CTA Combined with ABCD2 Scale Score for Patients with Cerebral Infarction of Vertebrobasilar Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA).

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 12;24:9001-9006. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiology, Baoding First Central Hospital, Beijing, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The present study was designed to evaluate the predictive value of head-neck computed tomography angiography (CTA) combined with ABCD2 score scale for patients with cerebral infarction of vertebrobasilar transient ischemic attack (TIA). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 92 patients with TIA who were admitted to our hospital from January 2014 to June 2015 were enrolled in this study. ABCD2 score and CTA combined with ABCD2 score were assessed. Read More

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December 2018

ACSM PRE-PARTICIPATION HEALTH SCREENING GUIDELINES: A UK UNIVERSITY COHORT PERSPECTIVE.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Purpose: Pre-participation health screening is recommended to detect individuals susceptible to serious adverse cardiovascular complications during exercise. Although expert opinion and best available scientific evidence have informed recent modifications, there remains limited experimental data to support or refute current practice. We therefore aimed to quantify the impact of change to the ACSM pre-participation health screening guidelines on risk classification and referral for medical clearance in a large cohort of undergraduate university students. Read More

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December 2018

Engaging in the prevention of pressure injuries in spinal cord injury: A qualitative study of community-dwelling individuals' different styles of prevention in Switzerland.

J Spinal Cord Med 2018 Dec 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Department of Health Sciences and Health Policy , University of Lucerne and Swiss Paraplegic Research , Lucerne/Nottwil , Switzerland.

Context: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a complex chronic condition with multiple self-management requirements and a high prevalence of complications. Pressure injuries (PIs) are among the most common ones and represent a frequent reason for re-hospitalization. This study aimed to identify styles of prevention that individuals with SCI adopt to deal with the risk of developing PIs. Read More

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December 2018

A comparison of urodynamic findings between patients with complete and incomplete traumatic spinal cord injuries.

J Spinal Cord Med 2018 Dec 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

c The Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , Hitit University Medical School , Çorum , Turkey.

Objective: To compare urodynamic findings between patients with complete and incomplete traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCI) and to determine whether it is important to test with urodynamic study in patients with incomplete SCI.

Design: Retrospective study Setting: Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey Participants: A total of 66 patients with 36 complete and 30 incomplete traumatic SCI were included in the study, from July 2012 to September 2014.

Interventions: Urodynamic study Outcome Measures: Maximum cystometric capacity (MCC) , vesicle pressure at MCC, detrusor function (detrusor overactivity or not), bladder complience, bladder storage and emptying disorders, post-void residual volume (PVR) and bladder emptying method were recorded. Read More

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December 2018
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Quantifying the Urban Food-Energy-Water (FEW) Nexus: The Case of the Detroit Metropolitan Area.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The efficient provision of food, energy, and water (FEW) resources to cities is challenging around the world. Because of the complex interdependence of urban FEW systems, changing components of one system may lead to ripple effects on other systems. However, the inputs, intersectoral flows, stocks, and outputs of these FEW resources from the perspective of an integrated urban FEW system have not been synthetically characterized. Read More

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December 2018
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Elevated Manganese Concentrations in United States Groundwater, Role of Land Surface-Soil-Aquifer Connections.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

U.S. Geological Survey , 4165 Spruance Road , San Diego , California 92101 , United States.

Chemical data from 43 334 wells were used to examine the role of land surface-soil-aquifer connections in producing elevated manganese concentrations (>300 μg/L) in United States (U.S.) groundwater. Read More

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December 2018

Mechanistic study of selective absorption of NO in flue gas using EG-TBAB deep eutectic solvents.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The selective absorption of NO in flue gas has been investigated using a series of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as novel denitrifying agents. The EG-TBAB DESs used in this work are composed of a hydrogen donor ethylene glycol (EG) and a parent salt tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB). Effects of DES composition (EG:TBAB molar ratio), operation temperature, residence time, and O2 concentration in the flue gas on denitrification performances of EG-TBAB DESs have been investigated. Read More

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December 2018

A novel anaerobic electrochemical membrane bioreactor with CNTs hollow fiber membrane cathode to mitigate membrane fouling and enhance energy recovery.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

A novel anaerobic treatment system that combines the impact of applied voltage with membrane filtration over carbon nanotubes hollow fiber membranes (CNTs-HFMs) was developed at low-temperature (15-20 °C) to mitigate membrane fouling, treat wastewater and recover energy (CH4). Herein, electro-assisted CNTs-HFMs served a dual function as the cathode and membrane filtration. In contrast with other two anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs; polyvinylidene fluoride hollow fiber membranes and CNTs-HFMs without electro-assistance), the CNTs-HFMs with electro-assistance (-1. Read More

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December 2018
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New Insights into Black Carbon Nanoparticle-induced Dispersibility of Goethite Colloids and Configuration-dependent Sorption for Phenanthrene.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Black carbon nanoparticles (nano-BC) are one of the most active components in pyrogenic carbonaceous matter and involve in many biogeochemical processes. This study investigated heteroaggregation of nano-BC with goethite (a model of natural mineral colloids) and the configuration effect of heteroaggregates on phenanthrene (PHE) sorption. Nano-BC could significantly enhance the dispersion of goethite via heteroaggregation when its concentration was higher than the critical concentration (Cc). Read More

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December 2018

Contents list.

Authors:

Environ Sci Process Impacts 2018 Dec;20(12):1635-1639

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December 2018

Back cover.

Authors:

Environ Sci Process Impacts 2018 Dec;20(12):1775-1776

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December 2018

Front cover.

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Environ Sci Process Impacts 2018 Dec;20(12):1633-1634

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December 2018

Stability of doubly and triply H-bonded complexes governed by acidity-basicity relationships.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Instituto de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, 04510 Ciudad de México, Mexico.

We used our recently proposed acidity-basicity interplay (ABI) model (Chem. Sci., 2018, 9, 4402) and the Jorgensen secondary interactions hypothesis (JSIH) to rationalise the experimentally observed trends in the formation constants of doubly and triply H-bonded systems with -NHO[double bond, length as m-dash]C- and -NHN- interactions. Read More

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December 2018

Up-to-date vaccine delivery systems: robust immunity elicited by multifarious nanomaterials upon administration through diverse routes.

Biomater Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, P. R. China. and City University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen 518075, P. R. China.

In this review, we summarize the recent design strategies (2015-present) of nanomaterial-based vaccine delivery systems via multiple routes to induce robust protective immunity. The selected topics are focused on the novel design strategies of nanomaterial carriers for vaccine delivery. Inspired by recent advances, we also briefly introduce the emerging administration routes that may give rise to synergistic immune effects with advanced delivery systems. Read More

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December 2018

Development and evaluation of a combined bioenergetics and organic chemical mass-balance bioaccumulation model for fish.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

This study describes the development and evaluation of a new bioenergetically-balanced bioaccumulation (3B) model for organic chemicals in fish. The 3B model is developed from a large database of routine metabolic (oxygen consumption) rates comprising a range of species, body mass and temperature. The chemical uptake and elimination rates of the 3B model are compared against those from three existing bioaccumulation models. Read More

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December 2018

Improving Ion Rejection of Conductive Nanofiltration Membrane through Electrically Enhanced Surface Charge Density.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Nanofiltration (NF) is considered a promising candidate for brackish and sea water desalination. NF exhibits high multivalent ion rejection, but the rejection rate for monovalent ions is relatively low. Besides, great challenges remain for conventional NF membranes to achieve high ion rejection without sacrificing water flux. Read More

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December 2018

Low Fe(II) concentrations catalyze the dissolution of various Fe(III) (hydr)oxide minerals in the presence of diverse ligands and over a broad pH range.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Dissolution of Fe(III) (hydr)oxide minerals by siderophores (i.e. Fe-specific, biogenic ligands) is an important step in Fe acquisition in environments where Fe availability is low. Read More

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December 2018

A rare case of fourth ventricle schwannoma.

J Neurosurg Sci 2018 Dec;62(6):773-775

Department of Radiology, Maggiore della Carità Hospital, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy.

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December 2018

Development and characterization of a novel bulk-fill elastomeric temporary restorative composite.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180183. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Faculdade de Odontologia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia (PPGO), Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

Objectives: This study investigated the physical and mechanical properties, antibacterial effect and biocompatibility of novel elastomeric temporary resin-based filling materials (TFMs) containing zinc methacrylate (ZM).

Material And Methods: Experimental TFMs were prepared by mixing the zinc methacrylate with monomer, co-monomer, photoinitiator and fillers. A ZM concentration of 0 (control), 0. Read More

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December 2018
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Effect of diode laser irradiation on the bond strength of polymerized non-simplified adhesive systems after 12 months of water storage.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180126. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Departamento de Dentística, Endodontia e Materiais Odontológicos, Bauru, São Paulo, Brasil.

Objectives: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the bonding strength of non-simplified dentin bonding systems (DBS) to dentin irradiated with a diode laser (970 nm) immediately and after 12 months of water storage following either primer or bond application.

Material And Methods: The experimental design included three different factors: DBS type [AdperTM Scotchbond Multipurpose (MP) and Clearfil™ SE Bond (CSE)], irradiation [without irradiation - control (C), irradiation after primer application (AP), and irradiation after bond application (AB)], and time [initial (I) and after 12 months of water storage (12 m)]. Sixty sound human third molars (n = 10) were obtained, and their flat occlusal dentin areas were prepared and standardized. Read More

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December 2018

Proteomic analysis of the acquired enamel pellicle formed on human and bovine tooth: a study using the Bauru in situ pellicle model (BISPM).

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180113. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Departmento de Ciências Biológicas, Bauru, SP, Brasil.

Objectives: The acquired enamel pellicle (AEP) is an organic film, bacteria-free, formed in vivo as a result of the selective adsorption of salivary proteins and glycoproteins to the solid surfaces exposed to the oral environment. Objective: This study aimed to compare the proteomic profile of AEP formed in situ on human and bovine enamel using a new intraoral device (Bauru in situ pellicle model - BISPM).

Material And Methods: Material and Methods: One hundred and eight samples of human and bovine enamel were prepared (4×4 mm). Read More

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December 2018

Surface and vertical dimensional changes of mineral trioxide aggregate and biodentine in different environmental conditions.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180093. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Kastamonu University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Kastamonu, Turkey.

Objectives: Surface changes in biological environments are critical for the evaluation of physical and biological activity of biomaterials. Objective: This study investigated surface alterations of calcium silicate-based cements after exposure to different environments.

Material And Methods: Material and Methods: Forty-eight cylindrical cavities were prepared on root surfaces. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of fluoride application during radiotherapy on enamel demineralization.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180044. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Faculdade de Odontologia, Departamento de Dentística e Materiais Odontológicos, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

Objective: Radiation-related caries are one the most undesired reactions manifested during or after head and neck radiotherapy. Fluoride application is an important strategy to reduce demineralization and enhance remineralizaton. To evaluate the effect of the topical application of fluoride during irradiation on dental enamel demineralization. Read More

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December 2018

Inhibitory effect of reduced graphene oxide-silver nanocomposite on progression of artificial enamel caries.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180042. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Sun Yat-sen University, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Guangzhou, China.

Objectives: The use of antimicrobial agents is an efficient method to prevent dental caries. Also, nanometric antibacterial agents with wide antibacterial spectrum and strong antibacterial effects can be applied for prevention of dental caries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of reduced graphene oxide-silver nanoparticles (rGO/Ag) composite on the progression of artificial enamel caries in a Streptococcus mutans biofilm model. Read More

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December 2018
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Effect of topical ozonetherapy on gingival wound healing in pigs: histological and immuno-histochemical analysis.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180015. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Gazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral Pathology, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: In this study, the effects of ozonetherapy on secondary wound healing were evaluated histologically and immuno-histochemically.

Material And Methods: Material and Methods: 8 healthy pigs were used in this study. Six wounds with 10 mm in diameter were created through the punch technique on the palatinal gingiva of each pig. Read More

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December 2018

Polydatin Alleviates Radiation-Induced Testes Injury by Scavenging ROS and Inhibiting Apoptosis Pathways.

Authors:
Yan Ma Xiaojing Jia

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 12;24:8993-9000. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) induces severe damage in multiple human tissues. The testes are extremely sensitive to IR, and testes irradiation can result in infertility and abnormality. A novel and safe radioprotector for testes injury from IR is needed. Read More

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December 2018

Personality disorder: a disease in disguise.

Authors:
Lisa Ekselius

Ups J Med Sci 2018 Dec 12:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry , Uppsala University , Sweden.

Personality disorders (PDs) can be described as the manifestation of extreme personality traits that interfere with everyday life and contribute to significant suffering, functional limitations, or both. They are common and are frequently encountered in virtually all forms of health care. PDs are associated with an inferior quality of life (QoL), poor health, and premature mortality. Read More

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December 2018

Status one year after fertility assessment and counselling in women of reproductive age-a qualitative study.

Ups J Med Sci 2018 Dec 12:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

d Department of Public Health , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Introduction: Over the past 50 years women and men have postponed family formation in high-income societies. Fertility assessment and counselling has been suggested as a method to reduce delayed childbearing and its consequences. This study explored women's perceptions of how attending a fertility assessment intervention influenced their decisions and choices regarding family formation and childbearing. Read More

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December 2018

Variability of amino acid digestibility of lupin and pea grains in caecectomised laying hens.

Br Poult Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Institut für Nutztierwissenschaften , Universität Hohenheim , 70599 Stuttgart , Germany.

1 The objective of this study was to investigate the variations in amino acid (AA) digestibility of lupin and pea grains in caecectomised laying hens. The relationship between AA digestibility and chemical constituents of the grains was determined. 2. Read More

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December 2018
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Comparable Nutrient Uptake across Diel Cycles by Three Distinct Phototrophic Communities.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Urbana , Illinois 61801 , United States.

The capacity of microalgae to advance the limit of technology of nutrient recovery and accumulate storage carbon make them promising candidates for wastewater treatment. However, the extent to which these capabilities are influenced by microbial community composition remains poorly understood. To address this knowledge gap, 3 mixed phototrophic communities sourced from distinct latitudes within the continental United States (28° N, Tampa, FL; 36° N, Durham, NC; and 40° N, Urbana, IL) were operated in sequencing batch reactors (8 day solids residence time, SRT) subjected to identical diel light cycles with media addition at the start of the nighttime period. Read More

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December 2018

Optical coherence tomography imaging of melanoma skin cancer.

Lasers Med Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

No consensus guidelines exist on the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma. The objectives of this review are to provide a descriptive review of the literature on characteristics of cutaneous melanomas seen on high-definition OCT (HD-OCT), speckle variance OCT (SV-OCT), and conventional OCT and to compare their diagnostic ability with that of histopathology. A review of PubMed and Google Scholar identified all available literature on OCT in melanoma skin cancer that included all in vivo and ex vivo studies on human or human tissues and excluded all studies on non-human subjects or animal studies. Read More

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December 2018
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The effects of repeated applications of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in the treatment of residual periodontal pockets: a systematic review.

Lasers Med Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Periodontology, Master of Science Program, Veiga de Almeida University, Rua Ibituruna 108, casa 3, sala 201, Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro, 20271-020, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to assess the effects of repeated applications of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on the non-surgical periodontal treatment of residual pockets. This work was performed and reported according to the Cochrane and PRISMA recommendations, respectively, and registered at the PROSPERO registry (number CRD42017058403). An extensive search of the biomedical literature was conducted on four databases from January 1960 to August 2018, followed by hand searching. Read More

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December 2018

Developmental toxicity and apoptosis in zebrafish embryos induced by low-dose γ-ray irradiation.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Key Discipline Laboratory for National Defense for Biotechnology in Uranium Mining and Hydrometallurgy, University of South China, Hengyang, 421001, China.

In this paper, the developmental toxicity and apoptosis in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos induced by 0.01, 0.05, and 0. Read More

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December 2018

Aerosol and pollutant characteristics in Delhi during a winter research campaign.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Indian Metrological Department, Lodhi Road, New Delhi, 110 003, India.

Urban areas in developing countries are major sources of carbonaceous aerosols and air pollutants, pointing out the need for a detailed assessment of their levels and origin close to the source. A multi-instrument research campaign was performed in Delhi during December 2015-February 2016 aimed at exploring the pollution levels and the contribution of various sources to particulate matter (PM) concentrations, black carbon (BC) aerosols, and trace gases. The weak winds (< 5-6 m s) along with the shallow boundary layer favoured the formation of thick and persistent fog conditions, which along with the high BC (24. Read More

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December 2018

Parameter-efficient bioclogging model: calibration and comparison with laboratory data.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

College of Harbour, Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, 210098, People's Republic of China.

A parameter-efficient bioclogging model coupled with hydrodynamics was developed with a stepwise numerical calculation. Column lab tests were carried out to calibrate and verify the bioclogging model developed in this paper. The results showed that the experimental data fit well with the simulation data, which indicated that the developed model was reasonable. Read More

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December 2018

Preparation of chitosan/Co-Fe-layered double hydroxides and its performance for removing 2,4-dichlorophenol.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

College of Environment and Safety Engineering, Qingdao University of Science & Technology, Qingdao, 266042, Shandong, China.

Chitosan/Co-Fe-layered double hydroxides (CS/LDHs) were prepared by coprecipitation method, which is a kind of composite material with excellent properties. The structure of CS/LDHs was characterized by SEM, FTIR, and XRD, which proved that chitosan (CS) was successfully induced into hydrotalcite and CS/LDHs still possess the structural characteristics of hydrotalcite. The adsorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) was studied with CS/LDHs and LDHs as adsorbent separately. Read More

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December 2018
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2.828 Impact Factor

Hydrothermal carbonization of arecanut husk biomass: fuel properties and sorption of metals.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Bioenergy, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, 641003, India.

In this study, hydrothermal carbonization of arecanut husk and its potential application as an alternate solid fuel and heavy metal sorption (adsorbent) was attempted. Arecanut husk (AH) treated with citric acid for 9 h resulted in the hydrochar yield of 58.7% with increased fixed carbon from 17 to 39. Read More

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December 2018

Use of mature compost as filter media and the effect of packing depth on hydrogen sulfide removal from composting exhaust gases by biofiltration.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Farmland Soil Pollution Prevention and Remediation, College of Resources and Environmental Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.

A study was conducted to investigate the utilization of mature compost as a biofilter medium for the removal of hydrogen sulfide (HS) from the exhaust gases of the composting process. Source-selected kitchen waste from municipal solid waste was composted in a reactor, and the exhaust gas was passed through a biofilter packed with a 1:4 (wet weight) mixture of mature compost and sand. Two treatments were applied under sterilized and unsterilized conditions to quantify the contribution of microbial activity. Read More

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December 2018

Preparation of ion exchange resin using soluble starch and acrylamide by graft polymerization and hydrolysis.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, No. 8 Xindu District, Chengdu, 610500, People's Republic of China.

Based on soluble starch and acrylamide by performing graft polymerization in aqueous solution and hydrolysis step, a low-cost ion exchange resin has been synthesized to remove the heavy metal ions of Cr and Ni. The hydrolysis progresses by adding NaOH to convert -CONH to -COONa, and the adsorption experiments confirmed that the functional group to adsorb heavy metals is -COO, rather than -CONH. During the determination of heavy metal adsorption, the Na concentration diffused by SR-16 into the solution was also analysed to investigate the ion exchange process. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of different types of extracellular polysaccharides isolated from cyanobacterial blooms on the colony formation of unicellular Microcystis aeruginosa.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Graduate School of Engineering, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba, 263-8522, Japan.

In this study, two types of extracellular polysaccharides (EPS), namely, mixed EPS (MX-EPS) and tightly bound EPS (TB-EPS), were extracted from cyanobacterial blooms using different methods. To evaluate their compositional differences, elemental composition, FTIR, and TG/DTA profile were measured for both EPS samples. Following that, unicellular Microcystis aeruginosa was cultured in a medium containing EPS, Ca ion, and Mg ion, and the effect of each type of EPS on the colony formation of M. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of multiple environmental factors on elimination of fenvalerate and its cis-trans isomers in aquaculture water.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Wuxi Fisheries College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi, People's Republic of China.

Fenvalerate (FV) is widely used in aquaculture because of their broad spectrums and high efficiency. However, little is known regarding the elimination of FV influenced by environment factors in aquaculture water, especially its cis-trans isomers (cis-FV and trans-FV). In the present study, factors influencing the aquaculture environment (open type, temperature, pH and light) were selected, and the elimination dynamics of FV and its cis-trans isomers in aquaculture water using orthogonal experiments were investigated. Read More

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December 2018
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