168,223 results match your criteria Rural and remote health[Journal]


Factors that can influence the survival rates of coral snakes (Micrurus corallinus) for antivenom production.

J Anim Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Laboratório de Herpetologia do Instituto Butantan, Av. Vital Brazil, São Paulo - Brasil.

Envenoming and deaths resulting from snakebites are a particularly important public health problem in rural tropical areas of Africa, Asia, Latin America and New Guinea. In 2015 The Lancet highlighted snake-bite envenoming as a neglected tropical disease and urged the world to increase antivenom production. In Brazil around 20,000 snakebites occur per year affecting mostly agricultural workers and children, of which 1% are caused by coral snakes (Micrurus sp). Read More

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December 2018

Communicating information on nature-related topics: Preferred information channels and trust in sources.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0209013. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Fort Collins Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America.

How information is communicated influences the public's environmental perceptions and behaviors. Information channels and sources both play an important role in the dissemination of information. Trust in a source is often used as a proxy for whether a particular piece of information is credible. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Retail-based healthy food point-of-decision prompts (PDPs) increase healthy food choices in a rural, low-income, minority community.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207792. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Rosebud Food Sovereignty Initiative, Mission, South Dakota, United States of America.

This study examines the potential for point-of-decision prompts (PDPs) to promote healthier food choices among shoppers in a rural, low-income, minority community. We hypothesized that a narrowly defined PDP (focused on fresh produce) would be easier for shoppers to remember than a broadly defined PDP (focused on any healthy items), resulting in a higher proportion of healthy items purchased. PDPs were placed at the entrance to a supermarket in Mission, South Dakota, United States of America, on the Rosebud Sioux Reservation for alternating time periods, July 9-10, 2017. Read More

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December 2018

High Seroprevalence Against Typhus Group and Spotted Fever Group Rickettsiae in Rural Indigenous Populations of Peninsular Malaysia.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

2 Department of Parasitology and Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia .

Rickettsioses of the typhus group (TG) and spotted fever group (SFG) are emerging bacterial infections worldwide, especially in the tropics. Only a few studies on these pathogens and their respective clinical diseases have been conducted in Malaysia. Here, we performed a seroprevalence study among 544 healthy, afebrile indigenous people (Orang Asli) from peninsular Malaysia for TG and SFG rickettsioses in nine rural and peri-urban settlements. Read More

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December 2018

Depression, anxiety, stress, and stressors among rural adolescents studying in Pune and a rural block of Nanded district of Maharashtra, India.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):311-314

Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Adolescent population is the major demographic and economic force of a nation. Adolescent mental health not only affects overall health at present but also in future life. In this cross-sectional study, 461 rural adolescent students studying in Pune city and the rural area from a block in Nanded district, Maharashtra, were administered a prevalidated, pretested Marathi depression anxiety and stress scale-21 tool including correlated factors to assess the magnitude of depression, anxiety, and stress and its stressors. Read More

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December 2018

Sources of finance for hospitalized treatment in India: Evidence for policy.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):308-310

Vice President and APAC Head of Data Management at ICON, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

A study of sources of finance which the household resorts to, in order to meet the hospitalization expense can be of use to policy makers who may want to work in the direction of providing financial security against hospitalization expenses to the masses. In this view, an attempt has been made to study the sources of finance for hospitalized treatment at an individual level based on criteria such as level of living, socio-economic background, level of care in India, as well as at state level through unit level data of the survey on "Social Consumption related to Health", conducted by National Sample Survey (NSS) during January, 2014 to June, 2014. It has been found that the household's income or saving is not sufficient to meet the expenditure for hospitalized treatment and people have to borrow or arrange finance by other means for hospitalized treatment across the country. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of directly observed oral iron supplementation during pregnancy on iron status in a rural population in Haryana: A randomized controlled trial.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):287-293

Professor and Former Head, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: In India, more than half of the pregnant women suffer from anemia. Low compliance to iron supplementation is one of the important reasons.

Objectives: The objective of the study is to estimate the reduction in the prevalence of anemia, improvement in iron status, and to compare the compliance to oral iron supplementation during pregnancy between directly observed iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation group and control group. Read More

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December 2018

Assessment of health management information system for monitoring of maternal health in Jaleswar Block of Balasore District, Odisha, India.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):259-264

Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India.

Background: In 2005, the Government of India implemented the National Rural Health Mission for reduction of maternal mortality. One of the major impediments in improving maternal health since then has been a poor management of the Health Management Information System (HMIS) at grass-roots level which could integrate data collection, processing, reporting, and use of information for necessary improvement of health services.

Objective: The paper identifies the challenges in generating information for HMIS and its utilization for improvement of maternal health program in the tribal-dominated Jaleswar block in Odisha, India. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence and risk factors of brucellosis in Kermanshah province, Iran during 2010-2014.

Infect Disord Drug Targets 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Infectious diseases research center, AJA University of medical sciences, Tehran. Iran.

Introduction: Incidence of brucellosis was growing up in Iran during the past years. Kermanshah province-west of Iran is one of the endemic regions of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of brucellosis in Kermanshah province during a recent five-year period. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of multiple environmental factors on elimination of fenvalerate and its cis-trans isomers in aquaculture water.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Wuxi Fisheries College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi, People's Republic of China.

Fenvalerate (FV) is widely used in aquaculture because of their broad spectrums and high efficiency. However, little is known regarding the elimination of FV influenced by environment factors in aquaculture water, especially its cis-trans isomers (cis-FV and trans-FV). In the present study, factors influencing the aquaculture environment (open type, temperature, pH and light) were selected, and the elimination dynamics of FV and its cis-trans isomers in aquaculture water using orthogonal experiments were investigated. Read More

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December 2018
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Squalene synthase cloning and functional identification in wintersweet plant (Chimonanthus zhejiangensis).

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 11;59(1):30. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, 310008, People's Republic of China.

Background: Three species of wintersweets: Chimonanthus salicifolius S. Y. Hu, Chimonanthus zhejiangensis M. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Evaluating Potential for Using Municipal Sewage Sludge in the Rehabilitation of Ground Degraded by the Sodium Processing Industry.

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Environmental Protection, AGH University of Science and Technology, Mickiewicza 30 av, 30-059, Krakow, Poland.

The paper attempts at evaluating potential for the use of sewage sludge produced in a rural area for the rehabilitation of ground degraded by the sodium processing industry. The results demonstrated that the studied sewage sludge conforms to the current regulatory standards, enabling its use in land rehabilitation, both for agricultural and non-agricultural purposes. Ground in areas degraded by the KZS "Solvay" industrial plant has poor parameters in terms of pH, and moderate parameters in terms of humic substance content. Read More

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December 2018

Barriers to practicing General Practice in rural areas - Results of a qualitative pre-post-survey about medical students during their final clinical year.

GMS J Med Educ 2018 15;35(4):Doc50. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Institut für Allgemeinmedizin, Erlangen, Germany.

At the end of the Practical Year (PY), medical students decide on a specialization. Individual motivational factors and barriers play a central role in the choice of the subsequent subject area and the place of establishment (city/country). The aim of this study was to document the barriers of PY students within the General Practice (GP) tertiary elective over time. Read More

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November 2018
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Magnitude of Anemia and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Public Hospitals of Ilu Abba Bora Zone, South West Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Anemia 2018 12;2018:9201383. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Anemia is a global public health problem affecting all population particularly pregnant women. Hence, this study assessed the magnitude of anemia and associated factors among pregnant.

Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 416 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in three public hospitals of Ilu Aba Bora zone. Read More

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November 2018

Suboptimal health status and psychological symptoms among Chinese college students: a perspective of predictive, preventive and personalised health.

EPMA J 2018 Dec 28;9(4):367-377. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

1School of Public Health, Taishan Medical University, 619 Changcheng Road, Taian, 271016 People's Republic of China.

Background: Suboptimal health status (SHS) is an intermediate health status between health and illness, a syndrome characterised by the perception of health complaints, general weakness and low energy. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of SHS and the correlation between SHS and psychological symptoms among Chinese college students and to identify the SHS-related risk factors from the perspective of predictive, preventive and personalised medicine (PPPM).

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 4119 college students who were enrolled from Medical University and Vocational and Technical College in the eastern and western areas of China. Read More

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December 2018

Declining prevalence of hepatitis C virus among university students in one of the main governorates in Egypt.

Infect Drug Resist 2018 22;11:2435-2441. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Internal Medicine Department, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

Background And Aims: Egypt is considered to have the highest rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence worldwide. However, HCV prevalence is currently declining due to the improvement of health education programs, improved environmental sanitation, and the introduction of novel treatment regimens. The aim of this work was to determine the HCV seroprevalence among Menoufia University students. Read More

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November 2018

The logistics of voucher management: the underreported component in family planning voucher discussions.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2018 22;11:683-690. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Department, Technical Services, Marie Stopes Society, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

Background: The purpose of health care vouchers or coupons is to receive a health service in exchange which is fully or partially subsidized, such as any treatment offered for communicable disease; for immunization; antenatal care-/postnatal care-related maternal health services; a family planning (FP) service; or to get a health commodity like a medicine. Vouchers are targeted for a group of people who can benefit the most such as on the basis of poverty ranking, marginalized or living in rural areas. According to the World Health Organization, voucher schemes in the area of sexual and reproductive health are considered of high value if they are implemented to address the issues of contraceptive commodity or service unavailability or to address the barriers to access such services through contracting out health services, for example, through social franchising (SF). Read More

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November 2018

Seroepidemiological evaluation of immunity among the general population in southwest of Iran.

J Parasit Dis 2018 Dec 23;42(4):636-642. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Student Research Committee, Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.

Toxoplasmosis is a cosmopolitan zoonotic infection, caused by a unicellular protozoan parasite known as () that belongs to the phylum Apicomplexa. The present investigation was aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of infection in the general population of Abadan city. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 496 subjects were participated. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of parental migration on oral health outcomes of left-behind school-aged children in Luchuan, southern China.

BMC Oral Health 2018 Dec 11;18(1):207. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College &Hospital of Stomatology, Guangxi Key Laboratory of the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of Oral and Maxillofacial Research, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Treatment and Research for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Disease, Guangxi Medical University, 10 Shuangyong Road, 530021, Nanning, Guangxi Province, China.

Background: With rapid urbanization in China, an increasing number of rural adults have migrated to cities to seek job opportunities, leaving their school-aged children behind. These left-behind children (LBC) without one or both parents usually receive less attention from their caregivers. Whether the parental migration affects the children's oral health is not well understood. Read More

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December 2018

Additive Contributions of Social Information Processing and Economic Stress to Maltreatment Risk in Disadvantaged Rural Fathers.

Child Maltreat 2018 Dec 11:1077559518815616. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1 Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA.

Child maltreatment is a critical concern in rural communities. Fathers perpetrate a substantial proportion of maltreatment cases and are overrepresented as perpetrators of severe physical abuse and fatalities. Despite this heightened risk, little research has examined risk of abuse and neglect among fathers in rural areas. Read More

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December 2018

Untangling the role of diverse social dimensions in the diffusion of microfinance.

Appl Netw Sci 2016 22;1(1):14. Epub 2016 Nov 22.

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Av. Paisos Catalans, 26, Tarragona, 43007 Spain.

Ties between individuals on a social network can represent different dimensions of interactions, and the spreading of information and innovations on these networks could potentially be driven by some dimensions more than by others. In this paper we investigate this issue by studying the diffusion of microfinance within rural India villages and accounting for the whole multilayer structure of the underlying social networks. We define a new measure of node centrality, diffusion versatility, and show that this is a better predictor of microfinance participation rate than previously introduced measures defined on aggregated single-layer social networks. Read More

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November 2016

A roadmap towards a functional paradigm for learning & memory in plants.

J Plant Physiol 2018 Nov 8;232:209-215. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Institute of Applied Biosciences, Center for Research & Technology (CERTH), Thessaloniki, Greece.

In plants, the acquisition, processing and storage of empirical information can result in the modification of their behavior according to the nature of the stimulus, and yet this area of research remained relatively understudied until recently. As the body of evidence supporting the inclusion of plants among the higher organisms demonstrating the adaptations to accomplish these tasks keeps increasing, the resistance by traditional botanists and agricultural scientists, who were at first cautious in allowing the application of animal models onto plant physiology and development, subsides. However, the debate retains much of its heat, a good part of it originating from the controversial use of nervous system terms to describe plant processes. Read More

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November 2018
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Organ-specific differences in endogenous phytohormone and antioxidative responses in potato upon PSTVd infection.

J Plant Physiol 2018 Nov 4;232:107-114. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address:

Although structurally simple, viroids can trigger numerous changes in host plants and cause loss of yield in agronomically important crops. This study investigated changes in the endogenous status of phytohormones and antioxidant enzyme activity in Solanum tuberosum cv. Désirée in response to Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) infection. Read More

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November 2018

Enantioselective LC-MS/MS for anthropogenic markers of septic tank discharge.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 3;219:191-201. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, AB10 7GJ, UK. Electronic address:

Households in rural locations utilize septic tanks for wastewater treatment and can cause surface water contamination. A new methodology was developed to help investigate the role septic tanks play in the dissemination of prescription and over-the-counter drugs, personal care products and stimulants in the aqueous environment. Simultaneous analysis of 16 chiral and achiral anthropogenic markers was achieved using a Chirobiotic V2 enantioselective column in polar ionic mode. Read More

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December 2018
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Preferences for rural specialist health care in the treatment of Parkinson.

Aust J Prim Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

People living with Parkinson's disease (PWPD) in rural areas have limited access to local condition-specific care. This paper examines the healthcare preferences of PWPD living in rural areas and how a community-driven initiative to employ a movement disorder nurse (MDN) functioned to address barriers to health services access. A qualitative design facilitated an understanding of how interactions with the health system shaped PWPD and their carer's experiences of living in a regional community. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Coming ready or not! An integrative review examining new graduate nurses' transition in acute care.

Int J Nurs Pract 2018 Dec 9:e12714. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Rural Health, University of Newcastle, Taree, Australia.

Aims: To synthesize the scientific evidence about new graduate nurses' transition to practice in the acute care setting and consider implications for nurses and nursing practice.

Background: Despite the vast amount of literature on new graduate nurses' transition to practice, the transition of new graduate nurses is a global issue and remains at the forefront of discussions within the nursing community.

Design: An integrative review. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Physical activity energy expenditure and cardiometabolic health in three rural Kenyan populations.

Am J Hum Biol 2018 Dec 10:e23199. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Objectives: Physical activity is beneficial for metabolic health but the extent to which this may differ by ethnicity is still unclear. Here, the objective was to characterize the association between physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and cardiometabolic risk among the Luo, Kamba, and Maasai ethnic groups of rural Kenya.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study of 1084 rural Kenyans, free-living PAEE was objectively measured using individually-calibrated heart rate and movement sensing. Read More

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December 2018

Delivery of Preventive Oral Health Services by Rurality: A Cross-Sectional Analysis.

J Rural Health 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Purpose: Integrating oral health care into primary care has been promoted as a strategy to increase delivery of preventive oral health services (POHS) to young children, particularly in rural areas where few dentists practice. Using a multistate sample of Medicaid claims, we examined a child's odds of receiving POHS in a medical office by county rurality.

Methods: We used 2012-2014 Medicaid Analytic extract claims data for 6,275,456 children younger than 6 years in 39 states that allowed Medicaid payment for POHS in medical offices. Read More

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December 2018

Optimizing ex situ genetic resource collections for European livestock conservation.

J Anim Breed Genet 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Global Academy of Agriculture and Food Security, The University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, Edinburgh, UK.

Ex situ collections offer the potential to reduce extinction risks, affording option to society in maintaining future breeding opportunities for productivity and heritage traits. However, how much should we be seeking to collect and conserve in gene banks, and where? We developed a mathematical model to optimize logistical decisions of breed conservation choices and to evaluate alternative scenarios for efficiently re-allocating genetic materials currently stored in different European gene banks, allowing for cross-country collections, cost and cryogenic capacity differentials. We show how alternative allocations for the breeds that are currently stored in 11 European gene banks could reduce overall conservation costs by around 20% by selecting cryogenic banks that have relatively lower combination of fixed and collection costs, and are geographically closer to collection regions. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

OsTSD2-mediated cell wall modification affects ion homeostasis and salt tolerance.

Plant Cell Environ 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Hainan Key Laboratory for Sustainable Utilisation of Tropical Bioresource, Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Forestry, Hainan University, Haikou, 570288, China.

Salt stress is a major environmental threat to meeting the food demands of an increasing global population. The identification and exploitation of salt adaption mechanisms in plants is therefore vital for crop breeding. We here define the rice mutant (sstm1) whose salt-sensitivity was unambiguously assigned to a single T-DNA insertion through segregational analysis following backcrossing to the wild type line. Read More

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December 2018
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Analysis of agriculture-related life-threatening injuries presenting to emergency departments of rural generalist hospitals in Southern Queensland.

Emerg Med Australas 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Sunshine Coast Hospital and Health Service, Sunshine Coast Region, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: Agricultural industries are among the most dangerous in Australia posing significant public health risks. This study analyses the nature and management of agriculture-related injuries presenting to EDs in selected hospitals in Southern Queensland.

Methods: Data on agricultural injury presentations over a 6 month period was collected at four rural hospitals by a dedicated onsite hospital data coordinator. Read More

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December 2018

Insulin-like peptides of the legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata, and their mediation effects on hemolymph trehalose level, larval development, and adult reproduction.

Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 2018 Dec 10:e21524. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University, Andong, Korea.

Insulin-like peptides (ILPs) of insects mediate various physiological processes including hemolymph sugar level, immature growth, female reproduction, and lifespan. In target cells of ILPs, insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling (IIS) is highly conserved in animals. IIS in the legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), is known to be involved in maintaining hemolymph trehalose levels and promoting larval growth. Read More

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December 2018

INPUT: An academic-practice partnership to an underserved rural community.

Public Health Nurs 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Blue Ridge Health, Sylva, North Carolina.

The INPUT project is a model partnership that changed the way health care was offered to the underserved in rural Western North Carolina. Grant funding provided a full-time Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) to a free clinic and created clinical placements for FNP students. Students had opportunities to learn about unique aspects of care for vulnerable, underserved populations to encourage them to consider working in rural communities. Read More

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December 2018

CANCER INCIDENCE IN NORTHERN UGANDA (2013- 2016).

Int J Cancer 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

African Cancer Registry Network, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Gulu Cancer Registry was established in 2014 to assess the incidence and survival of cancer in 4 districts of the Acholi Sub-region of northern Uganda. Here we report the results of the first 4 years of registration (2013-2016) in this largely rural population of 771,514. In total there were 1,627 cases of cancers registered; 644 among men (corresponding to an ASR of 106. Read More

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December 2018

District-level implementation of British Columbia's school food and beverage sales policy: a realist evaluation exploring intervention mechanisms in urban and rural contexts.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Centre for Sustainable Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Intervention: British Columbia's (BC) provincial school food and beverage sales policy.

Research Question: What are the processes associated with district-level implementation of BC's school food and beverage sales policy?

Methods: We adopted a realist approach and a qualitative, multiple case study design that included three urban and two rural BC school districts. Data collection involved semi-structured interviews and questionnaires with health, education, and industry stakeholders, observations, document analysis and website scans. Read More

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December 2018
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Urban-rural differentials in age-related biological risk among middle-aged and older Chinese.

Int J Public Health 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Davis School of Gerontology, University of Southern California, 3715 McClintock Ave, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Objectives: To assess urban-rural differentials in age-related biological risk among middle-aged and older Chinese and links to individual and community characteristics.

Methods: Data come from the national baseline survey of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. Biological risk is assessed using a set of measured biomarkers that reflect cardiovascular, metabolic, and inflammatory processes. Read More

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December 2018
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1.966 Impact Factor

Groundwater under threat from diffuse contaminants: improving on-site sanitation, agriculture and water supply practices.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Rural Water Supply Network, Skat Foundation, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

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December 2018

Investigation of Hanwoo-specific structural variations using whole-genome sequencing data.

Genes Genomics 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Nanobiomedical Science and BK21 PLUS NBM Global Research Center for Regenerative Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, 31116, Republic of Korea.

Background: The total length of the cattle genome is approximately ~ 3 billion base pairs. About half of the bovine genome (46.5%) is composed of transposable elements (TEs). Read More

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December 2018

Awareness and use of medication management services in relation to medication adherence prior to hospitalisation among older adults in Regional Australia.

Int J Clin Pharm 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Maryborough Hospital Pharmacy, Wide Bay Hospital and Health Service, 185 Walker Street, Maryborough, QLD, 4650, Australia.

Background Ageing is associated with changes in physiology, functional ability, declined in cognition and multiple co-morbidities. Alterations in pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic aspects also occur. Medications can improve the quality of life in people with multiple co-morbidities; polypharmacy and ageing could increase risks of medication misadventures and adverse events leading to hospital admissions. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of dronedarone (a class III antiarrhythmic drug) on the anticonvulsant potency of four classical antiepileptic drugs in the tonic-clonic seizure model in mice.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Pathophysiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

Increasing evidence indicates that some antiarrhythmic drugs play a pivotal role in seizures, not only in vivo studies on animals, but also in clinical trials. Some of these antiarrhythmic drugs potentiate or alleviate the anticonvulsant action of the classical antiepileptic drugs. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of dronedarone (DRO-a multichannel blocker belonging to the class III of antiarrhythmic drugs) on the anticonvulsant effects of four standard antiepileptic drugs (carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin and valproate) in the tonic-clonic seizure model in mice. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of cultural background and healthcare environment on postoperative opioid requirement.

Can J Anaesth 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Purpose: The objective of this prospective observational study was to investigate the interactions between cultural background, healthcare environment, and postoperative pain experience.

Methods: We enrolled 128 Chinese patients living in rural mainland China and 134 patients in Hong Kong with a higher level of Western cultural influences (defined by educational attainment, place of residence, and ability to understand English). All patients had major abdominal surgery and received patient-controlled analgesia with intravenous morphine for postoperative pain relief. Read More

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December 2018

HIV exposed uninfected infants: surviving and thriving or overlooked by success?

Clin Infect Dis 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Family Clinical Research Unit (FAMCRU), Department of Paediatrics & Child Health, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa.

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December 2018

Diabetic foot - epidemiological and histopathological aspects.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):895-902

Department of Physiopathology, Faculty of Medicine, "Titu Maiorescu" University, Bucharest, Romania; Department of Family Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;

Our study included a total of 259 patients with diabetes, who were admitted to the Department of Plastic Surgery and Reconstructive Microsurgery of the Emergency County Hospital of Piteşti, Romania, in 2016, with the diagnosis of "diabetic foot". Of the 259 patients, 55 (21.23%) were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, and the remaining 204 (78. Read More

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January 2018

Obesity, undernutrition and the double burden of malnutrition in the urban and rural southern Free State, South Africa.

Heliyon 2018 Dec 1;4(12):e00983. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300, South Africa.

This study compared the diet and anthropometric status of adults (25-64 years) in rural and urban South Africa. Anthropometric status of adults and preschool children (<7 years old) from the same households were also determined. A descriptive cross-sectional design was applied. Read More

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December 2018

The Impact of Social Pensions on Intergenerational Relationships: Comparative Evidence from China.

J Econ Ageing 2018 Nov 10;12:225-235. Epub 2017 Apr 10.

Central University of Finance and Economics.

China launched a new rural pension scheme (hereafter NRPS) for rural residents in 2009, now covering almost all counties with over 400 million people enrolled. This implementation of the largest social pension program in the world offers a unique setting for studying the economics of intergenerational relationships during development, given the rapidity of China's population aging, traditions of filial piety and co-residence, decreasing number of children, and dearth of formal social security, at a relatively low income level. We draw on rich household surveys from two provinces at distinct development stages - impoverished Guizhou and relatively well-off Shandong - to better understand heterogeneity in the impact of pension benefits. Read More

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November 2018

Validity of the South African Triage Scale in a rural district hospital.

Afr J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 26;8(4):145-149. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Zithulele Hospital, Mqanduli 5080, Eastern Cape, South Africa.

Introduction: The implementation of a triage system is a vital step in improving the functioning and patient flow of the emergency centre in a rural district hospital. The South African Triage Scale (SATS) is a well validated and reliable tool used widely in South Africa and other low- and middle-income countries. This study aims to assess the validity of the SATS in a rural district hospital context. Read More

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December 2018

Shifting parental roles, caregiving practices and the face of child development in low resource informal settlements of Nairobi: experiences of community health workers and school teachers.

Ann Gen Psychiatry 2018 26;17:50. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

5School of Pharmacy, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, 00200 Kenya.

Approximately, 42% of the Kenyan population live below the poverty line. Rapid growth and urbanization of Kenya's population have resulted in a changing poverty and food security environment in high-density urban areas. Lack of basic food needs in Kenya affects approximately 34. Read More

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November 2018

Comments on "Screening for Mental Health Disorders among Pregnant Women Availing Antenatal Care at a Government Maternity Hospital in Bengaluru City".

Indian J Psychol Med 2018 Nov-Dec;40(6):598-599

Department of Psychopharmacology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

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December 2018

Study of Domestic Violence among Currently Married Females of Haryana, India.

Indian J Psychol Med 2018 Nov-Dec;40(6):534-539

Department of Community Medicine, Pt. B.D. Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Background: No nation is untouched by domestic violence, and it is well-known that domestic violence has serious impact on women's health and well-being. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence and characteristics of domestic violence and injuries owing to domestic violence among currently married women.

Materials And Methods: This was a community-based, cross-sectional study conducted in the rural and urban areas of Haryana. Read More

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December 2018