8,916 results match your criteria Rotator Cuff Injuries

Primary traumatic shoulder dislocation associated with rotator cuff tear in the elderly.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 16;95:107200. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

Introduction And Importance: The shoulder is one of the most unstable joints of the body. Shoulder dislocation accounts for up to 60% of all major joint dislocations. This study reports two cases of primary traumatic shoulder dislocation and shows that in the elderly, primary traumatic shoulder dislocation is associated with a rotator cuff tear (RCT). Read More

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The internal rotation and shift-test for the detection of superior lesions of the rotator cuff: reliability and clinical performance.

JSES Int 2022 May 18;6(3):495-499. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.

Background: Using reliable and valid clinical tests are essential for proper diagnosis and clinical outcomes among injuries involving the rotator cuff. The addition of a new clinical examination test could improve the clinical diagnosis and informative value of the sensitivity and specificity of pathology. This study of diagnostic accuracy evaluated the use of a new rotator cuff test, called the internal rotation and shift-test (IRO/shift-test), to determine its reliability and clinical performance (sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV)/negative predictive value (NPV)). Read More

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Transient postoperative inferior subluxation of the shoulder after surgical stabilization of recurrent anterior dislocation in a patient with myasthenia gravis: a case report.

Clin Shoulder Elb 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

The authors present a case of transient postoperative inferior subluxation of the shoulder after arthroscopic surgical stabilization for recurrent anterior dislocation. The patient was a 61-year-old woman with myasthenia gravis (MG). The first anterior shoulder dislocation occurred because of a fall to the ground. Read More

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Reliable interobserver and intraobserver agreement of the International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine (ISAKOS) classification system of rotator cuff tears.

J ISAKOS 2022 Apr 27;7(2):56-61. Epub 2021 Dec 27.

Instituto Argentino de Diagnóstico y Tratamiento, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objective: The ISAKOS Shoulder Committee developed a new comprehensive classification system aimed to describe all rotator cuff tears. The five characteristics of the tears included are pattern (P), extension (E), fatty atrophy (A), retraction (R), and location (L), conforming to the acronym "PEARL." The objective of this study is to assess if the ISAKOS Rotator Cuff Tear Classification System is reliable by measuring the intraobserver and interobserver multirater reliability. Read More

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Biomechanical properties of a suture anchor system from human allogenic mineralized cortical bone matrix for rotator cuff repair.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 May 5;23(1):422. Epub 2022 May 5.

Michael Ogon Laboratory for Orthopaedic Research, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Suture anchors (SAs) made of human allogenic mineralized cortical bone matrix are among the newest developments in orthopaedic and trauma surgery. Biomechanical properties of an allogenic mineralized suture anchor (AMSA) are not investigated until now. The primary objective was the biomechanical investigation of AMSA and comparing it to a metallic suture anchor (MSA) and a bioabsorbable suture anchor (BSA) placed at the greater tuberosity of the humeral head of cadaver humeri. Read More

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Rotator cuff repair with single row technique provides satisfying clinical results despite consistent MRI retear rate.

J Orthop Traumatol 2022 May 4;23(1):23. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Background: The number of shoulder arthroscopies is steadily increasing to treat glenohumeral joint disorders, among which the rotator cuff tear is the most common. The prevalence of this condition ranges from 13% to 37% in the general population without considering the number of asymptomatic patients. The gold standard procedure for rotator cuff repair is still undefined. Read More

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No Difference in Clinical Outcomes for Arthroscopic Suprapectoral Versus Open Subpectoral Biceps Tenodesis at Midterm Follow-up: A Randomized Prospective Analysis.

Am J Sports Med 2022 May;50(6):1486-1494

Department of Sports Medicine, Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: We have previously reported the 1-year outcomes of arthroscopic suprapectoral biceps tenodesis (ASPBT) versus open subpectoral biceps tenodesis (OSPBT) for the management of long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) pathology. While patients had similar 1-year biceps muscle strength and pain, longer-term functional outcomes are unknown.

Purpose: To directly compare clinical outcomes of ASPBT versus OSPBT with interference screw fixation, distal to the bony bicipital groove, at a minimum of 2 years' follow-up. Read More

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The Effect of Sex Hormone Deficiency on the Incidence of Rotator Cuff Repair: Analysis of a Large Insurance Database.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2022 05 12;104(9):774-779. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Background: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the association between sex hormone deficiency and rotator cuff repair (RCR) with use of data from a large United States insurance database.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of insured subjects from the Truven Health MarketScan database was conducted, collecting data for RCR cases as well as controls matched for age, sex, and years in the database. Multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for matching variables were utilized to compare RCR status with estrogen deficiency status and testosterone deficiency status. Read More

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Editorial Commentary: Determination of Meaningful, Clinically Significant Outcome Thresholds for Superior Capsular Reconstruction of the Shoulder: Predicting Those Patients Who Improve and Those Who Don't!

Brian R Waterman

Arthroscopy 2022 May;38(5):1454-1456

Since the introduction of superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) for the treatment of irreparable rotator cuff tears nearly 10 years ago, we have witnessed widespread adoption by the arthroscopic shoulder community alongside an exponential increase in use within North America. To date, more than 42,000 acellular dermal allografts have been implanted in the United States alone, and our indications and surgical technique have been progressively refined in response to the evolving body of clinical outcomes research. However, with P values set aside, the real question still remains: how do our patients actually do after SCR? With the advent of clinically significant outcomes such as the patient acceptability symptomatic state and substantial clinical benefit, investigators have sought to establish more practical, patient-centered benchmarks for success after an intervention. Read More

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Editorial Commentary: Shoulder Superior Capsule Reconstruction Leads to Good Outcomes Despite Ambiguous Graft Healing Suggesting a Spacer Effect.

Arthroscopy 2022 May;38(5):1420-1421

Massive, retracted rotator cuff tears with poor tissue quality continue to pose a problem for the shoulder surgeon. Augmentation of such repairs with grafts, patches, spacers, or biologics is being closely investigated to help improve clinical outcomes and healing rates. Specifically, superior capsule reconstruction augmentation of such rotator cuff tears may lead to good outcomes. Read More

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Editorial Commentary: Shoulder Superior Capsular Reconstruction Graft Tensioning Between 30° and 40° of Glenohumeral Abduction Is Recommended: The Balance Beam of Superior Capsular Reconstruction.

Arthroscopy 2022 May;38(5):1408-1410

Vail, Colorado.

Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears in young, active patients pose a challenging treatment dilemma. Since the relatively recent development of the superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) procedure, the technique has been increasingly used to stave off reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in this demographic. As a result of continued output of supportive literature, both biomechanically and clinically, SCR has been adopted by surgeons despite some technical aspects of the procedure not being fully elucidated. Read More

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The Imaging Diagnosis of Patients with Shoulder Pain Caused by Sports Injury.

Xiaoqi Dong Lu Wang

Appl Bionics Biomech 2022 21;2022:5272446. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Sports Department, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001 Heilongjiang, China.

The shoulder joint is the most complex and movable joint of the human body. A variety of diseases can affect the shoulder joint and cause shoulder pain. Sports injuries are an important and common cause of shoulder pain. Read More

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The AAOS 2019 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Rotator Cuff Injuries Are Unbiased and Incorporate a Diverse Body of Literature.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 1;4(2):e559-e565. Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell at Plainview Hospital, Plainview, New York, U.S.A.

Purpose: To analyze the scientific research that formed the basis of the 2019 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) clinical practice guidelines for the management of rotator cuff injuries.

Methods: All studies cited in the 2019 AAOS clinical practice guidelines for the management of rotator cuff injuries were extracted and categorized. Extracted data included type of study, number of patients, level of evidence, journal of publication, impact factor, year of publication, country of origin, contributing authors, affiliated institutions, and significant findings. Read More

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Rotator Cuff Repair in the Pediatric Population Displays Favorable Outcomes: A Systematic Review.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 6;4(2):e775-e788. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

Purpose: To systematically review the literature to determine the injury mechanisms, presentation, and timing of diagnosis for pediatric patients with intratendinous rotator cuff tears and to determine the efficacy of surgical intervention for affected patients.

Methods: PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Scopus were searched. Studies were included if they involved only pediatric patients, soft-tissue rotator cuff injuries managed surgically, and reported outcomes. Read More

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of the Asymptomatic Shoulder May Impact Performance, Not Future Injury List Placement in Major League Baseball Pitchers.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 16;4(2):e487-e493. Epub 2022 Feb 16.

Division of Sports Medicine, Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, U.S.A.

Purpose: To evaluate preseason shoulder magnetic resonance images (MRIs) obtained from pitchers entering either major or minor league baseball (MLB) and correlate findings with subsequent injury, operative repair, and placement on the injured list (IL).

Methods: Preseason-MRI of the throwing shoulders of professional-level baseball pitchers, taken during routine evaluations at a single organization (2004-2017) were retrospectively reviewed. Publicly available databases were queried to exclude pitchers with known injuries prior to pre-signing imaging. Read More

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Three-dimensional morphometric analysis of the lateral clavicle and acromion: Implications for surgical treatment using subacromial support.

SAGE Open Med 2022 21;10:20503121221091395. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical Center, Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Objectives: Dislocations and periarticular fractures of the acromioclavicular joint are common injuries of the shoulder girdle. When surgical intervention is indicated, subacromial support is one option to restore the alignment between scapula and the distal/lateral clavicle. Devices used for subacromial support rely on a form of subacromial 'hook'. Read More

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Identifying key factors associated with subscapularis tendon tears and developing a risk prediction model to assist diagnosis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Apr 27;23(1):393. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Orthopaedics Department, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, NO.1 DaHua Road, Dong Dan, Beijing, 100730, PR China.

Background: There are still some challenges in diagnosing subscapularis (SSC) tendon tears as accurately as posterosuperior rotator cuff tears on MRI. The omission of SSC tendon tear can lead to muscle atrophy, fatty infiltration, and increased tearing accompanied by aggravated shoulder pain and loss of function. An effective non-invasive evaluation tool will be beneficial to early identification and intervention. Read More

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Mechanical stimulation promotes enthesis injury repair by mobilizing cells via ciliary TGF-β signaling.

Elife 2022 Apr 27;11. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Sports Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Proper mechanical stimulation can improve rotator cuff enthesis injury repair. However, the underlying mechanism of mechanical stimulation promoting injury repair is still unknown. In this study, we found that cell was essential for murine rotator cuff enthesis development identified by single-cell RNA sequence and involved in the injury repair. Read More

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Trends in Acromioplasty Utilization During Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: An Epidemiological Study of 139,586 Patients.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2022 Apr 1;6(4). Epub 2022 Apr 1.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX.

Introduction: Acromioplasty remains very common during rotator cuff repair (RCR) despite limited evidence of clinical efficacy. This study observed the incidence of acromioplasty from 2010 to 2018 in Texas using a publicly available database.

Methods: A total of 139,586 records were analyzed from the Texas Healthcare Information Collection database ranging from 2010 to 2018. Read More

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A Positive Correlation between Steroid Injections and Cuff Tendon Tears: A Cohort Study Using a Clinical Database.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 04 8;19(8). Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tri-Service General Hospital, School of Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 114202, Taiwan.

This cohort study aimed to investigate the association between steroid injections for shoulder diseases and the increased incidence of cuff tendon tears. The Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital clinical database was used in this study. Patients were enrolled using the corresponding diagnostic codes for shoulder diseases. Read More

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Criteria for Return-to-Play (RTP) after Rotator Cuff Surgery: A Systematic Review of Literature.

J Clin Med 2022 Apr 17;11(8). Epub 2022 Apr 17.

Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome "Foro Italico", 00135 Rome, Italy.

This systematic review of the literature aimed to highlight which criteria are described in the literature to define when a patient, after rotator cuff repair (RCR), is ready for return-to-play (RTP), which includes return to unrestricted activities, return to work, leisure, and sport activities. An online systematic search on the US National Library of Medicine (PubMed/MEDLINE), SCOPUS, Web of Science (WOS), and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, was performed with no data limit until December 2021. A total of 24 studies that reported at least one criterion after RCR were included. Read More

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The Double-Circle System in the Greater Tuberosity: Using Radius to Predict Rotator Cuff Tear.

Orthop Surg 2022 May 21;14(5):927-936. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Orthopaedics, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Objective: In this study we concerned on the morphological characteristics of the greater tuberosity of humerus and proposed the double-circle radius ratio as a new predictor for the diagnosis of rotator cuff tears.

Methods: This was a retrospective study and patients who visited our hospital and were diagnosed with or without rotator cuff tears via magnetic resonance imaging from January 2018 to July 2021 were enrolled and classified into two groups respectively. In a standard anteroposterior view, the radius of the best-fit circle of humeral head and the radius of the concentric circle passing through the most lateral edge of the greater tuberosity were measured in each shoulder. Read More

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Arthroscopic Intra-Articular Repair of the Torn Subscapularis Tendon with Single Anterior Portal, Single Suture Anchor, and X-Shaped Fixation Technique.

Orthop Surg 2022 May 21;14(5):997-1003. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Orthopaedics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Subscapular tendon plays an important role in shoulder joint function. With the advance of magnetic resonance imaging technology and the popularization of arthroscopic shoulder surgery, subscapularis tears have been increasingly detected. However, reduction and fixation of subscapular tendon tears appears to be technically challenging. Read More

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Postoperative management of spontaneous pneumothorax in arthroscopic shoulder superior capsular reconstruction: A case report and review of literature.

Chin J Traumatol 2022 May 30;25(3):181-183. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

Center for Joint Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China. Electronic address:

Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction is an innovative technique for the irreparable rotator cuff tears, but spontaneous pneumothorax after surgery is very rare. The present case was a 66-year-old female with irreparable rotator cuff tears of the right shoulder, treated with the arthroscopic shoulder superior capsular reconstruction. The general anesthesia and operation went smoothly, but the patient experienced stuffiness in the chest and shortness of breath after recovery from anesthesia. Read More

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells From a Hypoxic Culture Can Improve Rotator Cuff Tear Repair.

Cell Transplant 2022 Jan-Dec;31:9636897221089633

Institute of New Drug Development, China Medical University, Taichung.

A rotator cuff tear is an age-related common cause of pain and disability. Studies including our previously published ones have demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells cultured under hypoxic conditions [hypoxic multipotent stromal cells (MSCs)] facilitate the retention of transplanted cells and promote wound healing. However, there are very few, if any, reports targeting the punctured supraspinatus tendons to create more or equally serous wounds as age-related tears of rotator cuff. Read More

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A high acromion-greater tuberosity impingement index increases the risk of retear after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2022 Jan-Apr;30(1):10225536221092219

The Department of Sports Medicine, 26452The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Background: No evaluation has been done on the relationship of the acromion-greater tuberosity impingement index (ATI) with retear after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR). Our purpose was to evaluate whether a higher ATI is associated with retear after ARCR.

Methods: 132 patients received ARCR and underwent MRI scan at a one year follow-up to assess tendon healing, and the findings were graded no retear (NR), partial-thickness retear (PR) or full-thickness retear (FR). Read More

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The effect of sagittal orientation of the acromion relative to the scapular spine on the location of rotator cuff tears.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2022 Mar;56(2):116-119

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Bezmialem Foundation University, School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the angle between the scapular spine and acromion in the sagittal plane on the location of chronic rotator cuff tears (RCTs).

Methods: The magnetic resonance images of patients who had undergone an arthroscopic shoulder surgery were evaluated. The patients were divided into two groups: patients who had undergone RCT repair and those who had experienced different shoulder surgery as a control group. Read More

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Serial magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of the early reaction of all-suture anchors in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2022 Mar;56(2):111-115

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the early reaction of all-suture anchors (ASAs) in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

Methods: This retrospective case series comprised 23 patients (8 women, 15 men; mean age = 59.9 years, age range = 36-73 years) with medium-size rotator cuff tear who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Read More

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