601 results match your criteria Roseola Infantum


Spontaneous remission of West syndrome associated with acute infection and fever in five patients.

Epilepsy Res 2021 Aug 8;174:106663. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Neurology, Hospital Materno Infantil Salta, Argentina. Electronic address:

Objective: We analyzed the records of 198 patients with West syndrome (WS) seen at a single pediatric neurology center in Argentina between June 2004 and June 2017. Five patients with infection-related spontaneous remission of the electroclinical manifestations were identified.

Methods: The following parameters were investigated: personal and family history, clinical characteristics of the seizures - mainly spasms - and EEG findings, type of treatment, and outcome. Read More

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Reduced impact of viral load of HHV-6 in liquor on severity of AESD due to exanthema subitum: A case report and literature review.

Brain Dev 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Neurology, Nagano Children's Hospital, Azumino, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: The most common causative pathogen of acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) was reported as HHV-6. Although excitotoxic injury with delayed neuronal death is considered to be a possible pathogenesis of AESD, the detailed pathophysiology remains unclear.

Case Presentation: We present a twelve-month-old girl with AESD due to HHV-6 primary infection. Read More

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Incidence of Kawasaki disease before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a retrospective cohort study in Japan.

BMJ Paediatr Open 2021 2;5(1):e001034. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

Background: Epidemiological studies in Kawasaki disease (KD) have suggested infectious aetiology. During the COVID-19 pandemic, measures for mitigating SARS-CoV-2 transmission also suppress the circulation of other contagious microorganisms. The primary objective is to compare the number and incidence of KD before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan, and the secondary objective is to investigate temporal association between the KD epidemiology and activities of SARS-CoV-2 and other viral and bacterial infections. Read More

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Roseola Infantum During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Departments of Pediatric Infection Pediatrics Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Koç University, İstanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Roseola infantum is always considered to be among the differential diagnosis of young patients with fever and leukopenia whom to be strictly isolated with the preliminary diagnosis of COVID-19 until otherwise proven during the pandemic.

Results: Human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) blood test was performed in 4 of 7 patients with a clinical diagnosis of roseola infantum and all found to be HHV-6 PCR positive. The most striking laboratory finding in all patients was leukopenia. Read More

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The role of herpesvirus 6A and 6B in multiple sclerosis and epilepsy.

Scand J Immunol 2020 Dec 23;92(6):e12984. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A) and 6B (HHV-6B) are two closely related viruses that can infect cells of the central nervous system (CNS). The similarities between these viruses have made it difficult to separate them on serological level. The broad term HHV-6 remains when referring to studies where the two species were not distinguished, and as such, the seroprevalence is over 90% in the adult population. Read More

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December 2020

Human herpesvirus 6A U27 plays an essential role for the virus propagation.

Microbiol Immunol 2020 Oct;64(10):703-711

Division of Clinical Virology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

Human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A) is a member of the genus Roseolovirus and the subfamily Betaherpesvirinae. It is similar to and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). HHV-6A encodes a 41 kDa nuclear phosphoprotein, U27, which acts as a processivity factor in the replication of the viral DNA. Read More

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October 2020

Tetrameric glycoprotein complex gH/gL/gQ1/gQ2 is a promising vaccine candidate for human herpesvirus 6B.

PLoS Pathog 2020 07 23;16(7):e1008609. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Division of Clinical Virology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

Primary infection of human herpesvirus 6B (HHV-6B) occurs in infants after the decline of maternal immunity and causes exanthema subitum accompanied by a high fever, and it occasionally develops into encephalitis resulting in neurological sequelae. There is no effective prophylaxis for HHV-6B, and its development is urgently needed. The glycoprotein complex gH/gL/gQ1/gQ2 (called 'tetramer of HHV-6B') on the virion surface is a viral ligand for its cellular receptor human CD134, and their interaction is thus essential for virus entry into the cells. Read More

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Inherited chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus-6 in a patient with XIAP deficiency.

Transpl Infect Dis 2020 Oct 8;22(5):e13331. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Deprtment of Child Health and Development, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Tokyo, Japan.

Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) is a common pathogen affecting the human population. Primary HHV-6 infection generally occurs during infancy and causes exanthema subitum. Moreover, HHV-6 may exhibit inherited chromosomally integrated HHV-6 (iciHHV-6) in certain individuals. Read More

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October 2020

The rash with mucosal ulceration.

Clin Dermatol 2020 Jan - Feb;38(1):35-41. Epub 2019 Oct 25.

Sector of Dermatology and Post-Graduation Course in Dermatology, University Hospital and School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:

A rash is a disseminated eruption of cutaneous lesions with great variation in appearance, cause, and severity. When the physician is facing a rash, the history and physical examination of the patient are extremely important for the identification of the disease and its causal agent. There are various causes for a rash, which may be infectious, allergic, or rheumatologic, besides many others. Read More

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HHV-6: an unusual cause of cerebellar ataxia.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Mar 17;13(3). Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Infectious Disease, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, Ohio, USA.

Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection is the cause of roseola infantum in children. The reactivation of HHV-6 is associated with multiple clinical syndromes including encephalitis and myelitis, especially in haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. However, the virus can cause encephalitis in other immunosuppressed as well as immunocompetent individuals. Read More

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Current understanding of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) chromosomal integration.

Antiviral Res 2020 04 7;176:104720. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

Institut für Virologie, Freie Universität Berlin, Robert von Ostertag-Straße 7-13, 14163, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

Human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A) and 6B (HHV-6B) are members of the genus Roseolovirus in the Betaherpesvirinae subfamily. HHV-6B infects humans in the first years of life, has a seroprevalence of more than 90% and causes Roseola Infantum, but less is known about HHV-6A. While most other herpesviruses maintain their latent genome as a circular episome, HHV-6A and HHV-6B (HHV-6A/B) have been shown to integrate their genome into the telomeres of infected cells. Read More

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Coinfection With Human Herpesvirus (HHV)-6B in Immunocompetent, Healthy Individuals With Chromosomally Integrated HHV-6A.

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2021 Mar;10(2):175-178

Department of Pediatrics, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Japan.

Immunocompetent sisters with chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A) transiently excreted HHV-6B genome in their saliva. They did not have past histories of exanthema subitum but had antibodies against HHV-6A and HHV-6B. This suggests that endogenous HHV-6A may modify the clinical features of HHV-6B coinfection. Read More

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An evaluation of HHV-6 as an etiologic agent in Hodgkin lymphoma and brain cancer using IARC criteria for oncogenicity.

Infect Agent Cancer 2019 5;14:31. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

3College of Public Health, University of Nebraska, 984355 Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 USA.

Background: Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) is a ubiquitous double-stranded DNA virus that can cause roseola infantum, encephalitis, and seizure disorders. Several studies have shown an association between HHV-6 and cancer but confirmation of an etiologic role is lacking. We reviewed the criteria for viral causation of cancer used by The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) for six oncogenic viruses and applied criteria to published reports of HHV-6 and its association with Hodgkin lymphoma and brain tumors. Read More

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November 2019

Comparison of initial and final diagnoses in children with acute febrile illness: A retrospective, descriptive study: Initial and final diagnoses in children with acute fever.

J Infect Chemother 2020 Mar 1;26(3):251-256. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Department of Pediatrics, National Hospital Organization Beppu Medical Center, 1473 Oaza-Uchikamado, Beppu, Oita, 874-0011, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: This study aimed to elucidate the etiologies and diagnostic errors of early-phase pediatric fever without an obvious cause.

Methods: This single-center, retrospective, descriptive study included 1334 febrile children hospitalized at Beppu Medical Center in Japan between 2014 and 2018. Eligibility criteria were age ≤12 years, axillary temperature ≥38. Read More

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HHV-6 Infection in an Immunocompetent Patient with Multi-organ Failure.

Cureus 2019 Aug 24;11(8):e5475. Epub 2019 Aug 24.

Critical Care, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, USA.

Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a double-stranded DNA virus part of the Herpesviridae family that colonizes nearly 100% of the human population. The virus is known to be the etiologic agent of roseola infantum, a self-limited disease in childhood and reactivation of the virus later in life is linked to potentially severe manifestations, including encephalitis, in immunosuppressed patients. It is rare in immunocompetent patients, but there have been several reports of encephalitis due to HHV-6 reactivation. Read More

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A case of drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome induced by salazosulfapyridine combined with SIADH caused by interstitial pneumonia.

Drug Discov Ther 2019 ;13(4):232-238

Department of Neurosurgery, Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital.

We present a case of a patient with drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) caused by salazosulfapyridine combined with syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) caused by interstitial pneumonia (IP). A 67-year-old man with a past history of rheumatism (RA) presented with right hemiparalysis and aphasia as the chief complaints. A diagnosis of left embolic cerebral infarction following trial therapy for RA based on computed tomography findings was made, and external decompression was performed. Read More

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February 2020

HHV-6B reduces autophagy and induces ER stress in primary monocytes impairing their survival and differentiation into dendritic cells.

Virus Res 2019 11 12;273:197757. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Department of Experimental Medicine, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy; Laboratory affiliated to Istituto Pasteur Italia-Fondazione Cenci Bolognetti, Italy. Electronic address:

HHV-6A and HHV-6B are ubiquitous human betaherpesviruses sharing more than 80% homology. HHV-6B is the most common cause of encephalitis in transplant patients and its primary infection may cause the exanthema subitum and febrile seizures in infants. HHV-6A and HHV-6B are able to infect several immune cell types such as T cells, monocytes and dendritic cells (DCs). Read More

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November 2019

Entry of betaherpesviruses.

Adv Virus Res 2019 21;104:283-312. Epub 2019 Jun 21.

Division of Clinical Virology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan. Electronic address:

In this chapter, we present an overview on betaherpesvirus entry, with a focus on human cytomegalovirus, human herpesvirus 6A and human herpesvirus 6B. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a complex human pathogen with a genome of 235kb encoding more than 200 genes. It infects a broad range of cell types by switching its viral ligand on the virion, using the trimer gH/gL/gO for infection of fibroblasts and the pentamer gH/gL/UL128/UL130/UL131 for infection of other cells such as epithelial and endothelial cells, leading to membrane fusion mediated by the fusion protein gB. Read More

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December 2019

Clinical Characteristics of Primary HHV-6B Infection in Children Visiting the Emergency Room.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2019 10;38(10):e248-e253

Department of Pediatrics, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Japan.

Objective: This cohort study, based on the design of a prior study in the United States, was conducted to elucidate the clinical features of primary human herpesvirus-6B (HHV-6B) infection.

Methods: Between June 2014 and May 2016, febrile children younger than 5 years who visited the emergency room (ER) and underwent blood examination were enrolled in this study.

Results: Fifty-nine (12%) of the 491 patients were diagnosed with primary HHV-6B infection. Read More

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October 2019

Gastroenteritis, Hepatitis, Encephalopathy, and Human Herpesvirus 6 Detection in an Immunocompetent Child: Benefits and Risks of Syndromic Multiplex Molecular Panel Testing.

J Pediatr 2019 09 14;212:228-231. Epub 2019 Jun 14.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO; Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO.

An immunocompetent toddler came to medication attention with gastroenteritis, complicated by encephalopathy and hepatitis. Multiplexed testing using a polymerase chain reaction meningitis panel was positive for human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6). Clinical correlation, quantitative HHV-6 polymerase chain reaction, and metagenomic next-generation sequencing supported a likely diagnosis of primary HHV-6B infection. Read More

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September 2019

Impact of HHV-6A and HHV-6B lytic infection on autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum stress.

J Gen Virol 2019 01 14;100(1):89-98. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1​Department of Experimental Medicine, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy.

Herpesviruses are known to manipulate autophagy to optimize their replication, counteract immune response and probably to promote tumourigenesis. This study explored, for the first time, the impact of human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 lytic infection on autophagy and demonstrated that HHV-6A and B (viruses sharing more than 80 % homology) differently affected this cellular process. Indeed, while HHV-6A (GS) infection of HSB2 cells promoted autophagy, HHV-6B (Z29) or the virus isolated from the serum of roseola infantum-affected patient-inhibited autophagy in Molt-3 cells or in PBMCs, respectively. Read More

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January 2019

Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis Associated with HHV6-A/ciHHV6-A and HHV6-B Coinfection in an Immunocompetent Woman.

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2019 ;19(2):221-225

Microbiology and Virology Unit, Policlinico University Hospital of Bari, Italy.

Background And Objective: Leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV) is a small vessel vasculitis that can be limited to the skin but may also affect other organs. Often, its cause is unknown. LCV has previously been reported to occur with the reactivation of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6). Read More

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Oral propranolol for infantile hemangiomas beyond the proliferative phase.

J Dermatol 2018 Oct 27;45(10):1199-1202. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Showa General Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Infantile hemangiomas grow rapidly during infancy followed by gradual involution. After involution, residual lesions sometimes remain. Despite the prognosis for eventual involution, infantile hemangiomas often cause great psychosocial morbidity that affects patients and their parents. Read More

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October 2018

Children infected by human herpesvirus 6B with febrile seizures are more likely to develop febrile status epilepticus: A case-control study in a referral hospital in Zambia.

J Med Virol 2018 11 13;90(11):1757-1764. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

HerpeZ, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia.

Background: Human herpesvirus 6B (HHV-6B) is the causative agent of Roseola infantum, and has also been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of febrile seizures in young children, a percentage of whom go on to develop febrile status epilepticus (FSE), but the existing data is conflicting and inconclusive. HHV-6A is a distinct species, rarely detected in most parts of the world, but prior studies suggest a higher prevalence in febrile African children. We describe a case-control study comparing the frequency of HHV-6A and/or HHV-6B infections in children with febrile seizures (including FSE) and a control group of febrile children without seizures. Read More

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November 2018

Chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus 6 in the Japanese population.

J Med Virol 2018 10 10;90(10):1636-1642. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan.

The objectives of the work are to elucidate the incidence and virological findings of chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus 6 (ciHHV-6) in Japanese population and to analyze an association between ciHHV-6 and the clinical manifestation of exanthema subitum (ES). Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to determine HHV-6 DNA loads in 2347 cord blood samples from healthy neonates (cohort A), febrile children less than 5 years old (cohort B), and hematopoietic cell transplant recipients (cohort C). CiHHV-6 was confirmed by detection of high copy numbers of viral DNA in somatic cells. Read More

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October 2018

Human herpesvirus-6 pneumonitis in a patient with follicular lymphoma following immunochemotherapy with rituximab.

Infect Drug Resist 2018 14;11:701-705. Epub 2018 May 14.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Primary infection with human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) commonly occurs at an early age in children, most often at 3 years of age, and is associated with childhood diseases, such as exanthema subitum, hepatitis, febrile convulsions, or encephalitis. However, the virus occasionally reactivates from its latent state in immunosuppressed adults, especially post-transplant, resulting in serious disseminated, sometimes life-threatening end-organ complications. Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old man with relapsed follicular lymphoma who developed HHV-6 pneumonitis. Read More

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Unique cell tropism of HHV-6B in an infantile autopsy case of primary HHV-6B encephalitis.

Neuropathology 2018 Mar 26. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Oita University Faculty of Medicine, Yufu, Japan.

Human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) is known to cause primary encephalitis in the frontal lobes/cerebral hemisphere or reactivated encephalitis in the hippocampus, but the pathogenesis remains unclear. HHV-6B has also been detected in hippocampal samples in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. A 1 year and 3 months old female, who had been clinically diagnosed with exanthema subitum and febrile convulsion, was found dead on the third day after onset. Read More

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[Encephalopathy due to human herpesvirus 6 infection as exanthema subitum complication].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2018 Apr;116(2):e312-e314

Unidad de Infectología Pediátrica, Hospital Materno-Infantil Miguel Servet, Zaragoza. España.

The main clinical manifestation of human herpesvirus 6 is exanthema subitum (also known as roseola infantum) and febrile syndrome. Central nervous system manifestations are not unusual in herpesvirus 6 infection, and even though the pathophysiology is not clear, they need to be early diagnosed and treated in order to avoid potentially serious damage. We present the case of an immunocompetent 2-year-old girl with encephalitis as a complication of herpesvirus 6 infection. Read More

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