672 results match your criteria Roseola Infantum


A case of syphilis presenting with prolonged etiology-unrevealed fever, accompanying activated partial thromboplastin time prolongation.

Authors:
Kazuhiro Yasuo

J Gen Fam Med 2018 Nov 28;19(6):211-214. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of General Internal Medicine National Health organization Asahikawa Medical Center Asahikawa-City Hokkaido Japan.

A 58-year-old woman presenting with 3-week-prolonged fever was referred to our department. Her present history and physical examination results were unremarkable. Her activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) was prolonged. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Impact of HHV-6A and HHV-6B lytic infection on autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum stress.

J Gen Virol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1​Department of Experimental Medicine, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy.

Herpesviruses are known to manipulate autophagy to optimize their replication, counteract immune response and probably to promote tumourigenesis. This study explored, for the first time, the impact of human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 lytic infection on autophagy and demonstrated that HHV-6A and B (viruses sharing more than 80 % homology) differently affected this cellular process. Indeed, while HHV-6A (GS) infection of HSB2 cells promoted autophagy, HHV-6B (Z29) or the virus isolated from the serum of roseola infantum-affected patient-inhibited autophagy in Molt-3 cells or in PBMCs, respectively. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Nonomuraea mangrovi sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from mangrove soil.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2018 Oct 4;68(10):3144-3148. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Institute of Tropical Biosciences and Biotechnology, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Resources of Tropical Crops of Ministry of Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Haikou 571101, Hainan, PR China.

A novel aerobic actinomycete, designated HA15826, was isolated from a mangrove soil sample collected in Sanya, China. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the isolate produced straight to slightly flexural spore chains with rough cylindrical spores. Chemotaxonomic tests showed that the cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and the major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, 10-methyl-C17 : 0, C17 : 1ω8c and C16 : 0. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Oral propranolol for infantile hemangiomas beyond the proliferative phase.

J Dermatol 2018 Oct 27;45(10):1199-1202. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Showa General Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Infantile hemangiomas grow rapidly during infancy followed by gradual involution. After involution, residual lesions sometimes remain. Despite the prognosis for eventual involution, infantile hemangiomas often cause great psychosocial morbidity that affects patients and their parents. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Children infected by human herpesvirus 6B with febrile seizures are more likely to develop febrile status epilepticus: A case-control study in a referral hospital in Zambia.

J Med Virol 2018 Nov 13;90(11):1757-1764. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

HerpeZ, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia.

Background: Human herpesvirus 6B (HHV-6B) is the causative agent of Roseola infantum, and has also been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of febrile seizures in young children, a percentage of whom go on to develop febrile status epilepticus (FSE), but the existing data is conflicting and inconclusive. HHV-6A is a distinct species, rarely detected in most parts of the world, but prior studies suggest a higher prevalence in febrile African children. We describe a case-control study comparing the frequency of HHV-6A and/or HHV-6B infections in children with febrile seizures (including FSE) and a control group of febrile children without seizures. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads
2.350 Impact Factor

[Clinical manifestations of syphilis in maxillofacial area. Part II].

Stomatologiia (Mosk) 2018;97(3):62-64

Ural State Medical University, Russia, 620028, Ekaterinburg, str. Repina, 3.

The article presents a review of the literature with a description of typical manifestations in the maxillofacial area in secondary, tertiary period of syphilis and the description of photo-images of the authors' clinical observations. In the secondary period of syphilis rashes can be found both on the skin and mucous membranes. In secondary reccurent syphilis the oral cavity is affected in 56% of the cases. Read More

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January 2018

Chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus 6 in the Japanese population.

J Med Virol 2018 Oct 10;90(10):1636-1642. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan.

The objectives of the work are to elucidate the incidence and virological findings of chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus 6 (ciHHV-6) in Japanese population and to analyze an association between ciHHV-6 and the clinical manifestation of exanthema subitum (ES). Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to determine HHV-6 DNA loads in 2347 cord blood samples from healthy neonates (cohort A), febrile children less than 5 years old (cohort B), and hematopoietic cell transplant recipients (cohort C). CiHHV-6 was confirmed by detection of high copy numbers of viral DNA in somatic cells. Read More

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October 2018
10 Reads

Human herpesvirus-6 pneumonitis in a patient with follicular lymphoma following immunochemotherapy with rituximab.

Infect Drug Resist 2018 14;11:701-705. Epub 2018 May 14.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Primary infection with human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) commonly occurs at an early age in children, most often at 3 years of age, and is associated with childhood diseases, such as exanthema subitum, hepatitis, febrile convulsions, or encephalitis. However, the virus occasionally reactivates from its latent state in immunosuppressed adults, especially post-transplant, resulting in serious disseminated, sometimes life-threatening end-organ complications. Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old man with relapsed follicular lymphoma who developed HHV-6 pneumonitis. Read More

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May 2018
5 Reads

Unique cell tropism of HHV-6B in an infantile autopsy case of primary HHV-6B encephalitis.

Neuropathology 2018 Mar 26. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Oita University Faculty of Medicine, Yufu, Japan.

Human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) is known to cause primary encephalitis in the frontal lobes/cerebral hemisphere or reactivated encephalitis in the hippocampus, but the pathogenesis remains unclear. HHV-6B has also been detected in hippocampal samples in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. A 1 year and 3 months old female, who had been clinically diagnosed with exanthema subitum and febrile convulsion, was found dead on the third day after onset. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

[Encephalopathy due to human herpesvirus 6 infection as exanthema subitum complication].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2018 Apr;116(2):e312-e314

Unidad de Infectología Pediátrica, Hospital Materno-Infantil Miguel Servet, Zaragoza. España.

The main clinical manifestation of human herpesvirus 6 is exanthema subitum (also known as roseola infantum) and febrile syndrome. Central nervous system manifestations are not unusual in herpesvirus 6 infection, and even though the pathophysiology is not clear, they need to be early diagnosed and treated in order to avoid potentially serious damage. We present the case of an immunocompetent 2-year-old girl with encephalitis as a complication of herpesvirus 6 infection. Read More

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April 2018
5 Reads

The Not-So-Soft Spot: Pathophysiology of the Bulging Fontanelle in Association With Roseola.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Feb 28. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Roseola infantum is a clinical syndrome characterized by high fever followed by the emergence of a rash. Case reports have documented an association between bulging fontanelles and roseola. We propose a novel mechanism for the development of intracranial hypertension caused by human herpesvirus 6-induced cytokine elevation leading to increased cerebrospinal fluid production. Read More

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February 2018
2 Reads

Acute Liver Failure in an Adolescent Male Induced by Human Herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6): A Case Report With Literature Review.

Lab Med 2018 Mar;49(2):165-174

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ.

A previously healthy 11-year-old Caucasian boy presented with a 2-week history of nonspecific symptoms of nausea and nonbilious, nonbloody emesis. He developed significant jaundice and hepatic encephalopathy within 1 week of beginning symptoms and was discovered to have fulminant liver failure. Extensive work-ups for underlying etiologies included serologic evaluation for underlying chronic liver diseases, toxicology screening, inborn errors of metabolism, and infectious diseases. Read More

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March 2018
6 Reads

Brainstem infarction associated with HHV-6 infection in an infant.

Brain Dev 2018 Mar 25;40(3):242-246. Epub 2017 Sep 25.

Department of Pediatrics, Gunma Chuo Hospital, Japan.

Introduction: The relevant literature includes several case reports on cerebral infarction in children with HHV-6 infection; however, there is no report of brain stem infarction.

Case: An 11-month-old girl was hospitalized because of fever. She was unable to stand up and meet her mother's gaze. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

Nonomuraea stahlianthi sp. nov., an endophytic actinomycete isolated from the stem of Stahlianthus campanulatus.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2017 Aug;67(8):2879-2884

1​Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand 4​Actinobacterial Research Unit, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand.

A novel endophytic actinomycete, designated strain SC1-1T, was isolated from sterilized stem tissue from Stahlianthus campanulatus collected in Udon Thani province, Thailand. The isolate formed short chains of spores on aerial mycelium and presented meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell wall peptidoglycan. Glucose, madurose, mannose, rhamnose and ribose were observed as sugars in the cells. Read More

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August 2017
9 Reads

Encephalitis associated with human herpesvirus-7 infection in an immunocompetent adult.

Virol J 2017 05 25;14(1):97. Epub 2017 May 25.

Department of Microbiology, Hospital General Universitario de Elche, Camino Almazara 11, 03203, Elche, Spain.

Background: Primary Human herpesvirus-7 (HHV-7) infection usually occurs during childhood and causes several clinical manifestations: mainly exanthem subitum (roseola infantum), followed by a lifelong latent state with possible reactivation in case of immunodeficiency. Nevertheless, some considerably different approaches exist regarding the natural history of HHV-7 and the possible consequences of HHV-7 infection in immunocompetent adults. In particular, little is known about its pathogenic role in central nervous system (CNS) disease in nonimmunosuppressed adults. Read More

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May 2017
8 Reads

Fever and rash in an 11-month-old girl.

Malays Fam Physician 2016 30;11(1):15-17. Epub 2016 Apr 30.

MD, M. Med (Fam Med) Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

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Viral exanthems: An update on laboratory testing of the adult patient.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2017 Mar 26;76(3):538-550. Epub 2016 Oct 26.

Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, Ohio. Electronic address:

Although classic viral exanthems of childhood are well described, they are rarely differentiated in adults. Laboratory techniques for viral identification have advanced without substantial literature to suggest how a dermatologist ought to conduct a cost-effective and diagnostic viral panel. Certain clinical features such as petechiae, vesicles, and dusky macular or morbilliform exanthems point strongly toward a viral exanthem. Read More

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March 2017
7 Reads

Increased interleukin-1β and basic fibroblast growth factor levels in the cerebrospinal fluid during human herpesvirus-6B (HHV-6B) encephalitis.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2017 05 22;486(3):706-711. Epub 2017 Mar 22.

Department of Virology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishi-Shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-8461, Japan.

Human herpesvirus 6B (HHV-6B) causes exanthema subitum in infants and is known to be mildly pathogenic. However, HHV-6B infection can induce febrile seizures in a high percentage of patients, and in rare cases, result in encephalitis. We detected higher levels of interleukin (IL)-1β and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CFS) of patients with HHV-6B encephalitis when compared to those in patients with non-HHV-6B-induced febrile seizures. Read More

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May 2017
12 Reads

[Serological and molecular methods in diagnostics of primary acute hepatitis caused with human herpesvirus type 6 - a case report].

Med Dosw Mikrobiol 2017 ;69(1):43-48

Introduction: HHV-6 has been identified as the etiologic agent of exanthema subitum in infants and acute febrile illness in young children, although primary HHV-6 infection in immunocompetent adolescents and adults is very rare. We report the case of acute hepatitis in an 18-year-old man without any immunological dysfunctions.

Material And Methods: Full virological examination of sera samples was performed. Read More

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November 2018

Human Herpesvirus 6 Infection Presenting as an Acute Febrile Illness Associated with Thrombocytopenia and Leukopenia.

Case Rep Pediatr 2016 17;2016:2483183. Epub 2016 Nov 17.

Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Zaloška 4, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

We present an infant with acute fever, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia, coming from an endemic region for tick-borne encephalitis, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, and hantavirus infection. The primary human herpesvirus 6 infection was diagnosed by seroconversion of specific IgM and IgG and by identification of viral DNA in the acute patient's serum. The patient did not show skin rash suggestive of exanthema subitum during the course of illness. Read More

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November 2016
6 Reads

Cytokine and cellular responses to human herpesvirus-6B in patients with B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Microbiol Immunol 2016 Nov;60(11):770-777

Laboratory of Transmissible Diseases and Biological Active Substances, LR99ES27, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Monastir, Street Avicenne 5000, Monastir, Tunisia.

Primary infection with human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), is followed by its lifelong persistence in the host. Most T-cell responses to HHV-6 have been characterized using peripheral blood from healthy adults; however, the role of HHV-6 infection in immune modulation has not been elucidated for some diseases. Therefore, in this study the immune response to HHV-6 infection in patients with B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) was analyzed. Read More

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November 2016
8 Reads

Update on infections with human herpesviruses 6A, 6B, and 7.

Med Mal Infect 2017 Mar 20;47(2):83-91. Epub 2016 Oct 20.

Service de virologie, CERVI, hôpitaux universitaires La Pitié Salpêtrière-Charles-Foix, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 83, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75651 Paris cedex 13, France; Inserm, CIMI-Paris UMR 1135, Équipe 1 PVI, Sorbonne universités, UPMC université Paris 6, 75013 Paris, France; Faculté de pharmacie, université Paris-Descartes, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Human herpesviruses 6A, 6B, and 7 (HHV-6A, HHV-6B, HHV-7) are genetically related to cytomegalovirus. They belong to the Roseolovirus genus and to the Betaherpesvirinae subfamily. They infect T cells, monocytes-macrophages, epithelial cells, and central nervous system cells. Read More

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March 2017
9 Reads

Human Herpesvirus 6 Infection Following Haploidentical Transplantation: Immune Recovery and Outcome.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2016 12 30;22(12):2250-2255. Epub 2016 Sep 30.

Unit of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy; Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is increasingly recognized as a potentially life-threatening pathogen in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). We retrospectively evaluated 54 adult patients who developed positivity to HHV-6 after alloSCT. The median time from alloSCT to HHV-6 reactivation was 34 days. Read More

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December 2016
14 Reads

Monitoring of human herpesviruses-6 and -7 DNA in saliva samples during the acute and convalescent phases of exanthem subitum.

J Med Virol 2017 04 27;89(4):696-702. Epub 2016 Sep 27.

Departments of Virology and Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan.

The amounts of the DNAs of human herpesviruses-6 (HHV-6) and -7 (HHV-7) in saliva samples were monitored during the acute and convalescent phases of exanthem subitum (ES) to elucidate the kinetics of virus shedding after ES. A total of 247 saliva samples were collected from 17 children (5 males and 12 females: 8-31 months old at onset). The monitoring period ranged from 152 to 721 days after onset, and in 15 children it was longer than 1 year. Read More

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April 2017
11 Reads

Evidence Supporting the Uptake and Genomic Incorporation of Environmental DNA in the "Ancient Asexual" Bdelloid Rotifer Philodina roseola.

Life (Basel) 2016 Sep 6;6(3). Epub 2016 Sep 6.

AG Systematics and Evolutionary Biology, IBU-Faculty V, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Strasse 9-11, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany.

Increasing evidence suggests that bdelloid rotifers regularly undergo horizontal gene transfer, apparently as a surrogate mechanism of genetic exchange in the absence of true sexual reproduction, in part because of their ability to withstand desiccation. We provide empirical support for this latter hypothesis using the bdelloid Philodina roseola, which we demonstrate to readily internalize environmental DNA in contrast to a representative monogonont rotifer (Brachionus rubens), which, like other monogononts, is facultative sexual and cannot withstand desiccation. In addition, environmental DNA that was more similar to the host DNA was retained more often and for a longer period of time. Read More

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September 2016
1 Read

Human Herpesviruses 6A, 6B, and 7.

Microbiol Spectr 2016 06;4(3)

Human roseoloviruses include three different species, human herpesviruses 6A, 6B, and 7 (HHV-6A, HHV-6B, HHV-7), genetically related to human cytomegalovirus. They exhibit a wide cell tropism in vivo and, like other herpesviruses, induce a lifelong latent infection in humans. In about 1% of the general population, HHV-6 DNA is covalently integrated into the subtelomeric region of cell chromosomes (ciHHV-6). Read More

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June 2016
6 Reads

Did a then unknown virus, HHV-6/7, give rise to the whooping cough vaccine controversy of the 1970s?

Epidemiol Infect 2016 10 23;144(14):2927-2930. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

Oxford,UK.

During the 1970s there was a gross loss of public confidence in infant diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccination in the UK. As well as febrile reactions and convulsions, permanent neurological damage was ascribed to the pertussis component of the vaccine, and those concerns resonated worldwide. The subsequent recognition of human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) and 7 (HHV-7) as common sources of fever in infancy suggests that they were the main underlying cause of what was reported as DTP constitutional side-effects. Read More

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October 2016
1 Read

Life cycle traits of Philodina roseola Ehrenberg, 1830 (Rotifera, Bdelloidea), a model organism for bioassays.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2016 ;88 Suppl 1:579-88

Post-Graduate Program of Ecology and Natural Resources, Federal University of São Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235, 13565-905 São Carlos, SP, Brazil, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos SP , Brazil.

This paper describes experimental results on the life cycle of the rotifer Philodina roseola cultured in the laboratory. Detailed information on life-cycle parameters of a certain species provides a deep understanding and contributes to a better knowledge of the role of the species in the community, besides providing data that are basic to other ecological investigations such as secondary production estimates and knowledge for applications such as its utilization as test-organism in ecotoxicological studies. The average duration of embryonic development of P. Read More

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February 2018

Atypical exanthems related to human herpesvirus-6 reactivations in transplant recipients.

Transpl Infect Dis 2016 08 20;18(4):639-40. Epub 2016 Jun 20.

Department of Dermatology, IRCCS A.O.U. San Martino-IST, Genoa, Italy.

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August 2016
3 Reads

Management of Psychotropic Drug-Induced DRESS Syndrome: A Systematic Review.

Mayo Clin Proc 2016 06 25;91(6):787-801. Epub 2016 Apr 25.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a severe cutaneous eruption that has been linked to several common drugs and drug categories, including antiepileptics, allopurinol, sulfonamides, and various antibiotics; however, because of a number of recent case reports linking psychotropic medications to this condition, DRESS is increasingly recognized among psychiatrists. We systematically reviewed all psychotropic drugs linked to DRESS syndrome, and this article summarizes the clinical management relevant to psychiatric professionals. A comprehensive search was performed using Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, Scopus, and Litt's Drug Eruption and Reaction Database for articles published in English during the past 20 years (1996-2015) using the search terms (1) psychotropic drugs OR serotonin uptake inhibitors AND DRESS or (2) psychotropic drugs AND drug reaction (or rash) eosinophilia systemic syndrome, and all article abstracts were screened for inclusion and exclusion criteria by 3 reviewers. Read More

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June 2016
9 Reads

Mutualistic association of rotifer Philodina roseola with the branchiuran fish ectoparasite Argulus bengalensis at its embryonic stage.

Biol Lett 2016 Mar;12(3):20151043

Fish Biology Research Unit, Department of Zoology, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan 731235, India

Several rotifers including Philodina spp. are well known to make commensal and parasitic associations with different animals. The present investigation was carried out to decipher the relationship of Philodina roseola with a piscine ectoparasite Argulus bengalensis in its embryonic stage. Read More

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March 2016
2 Reads

Exanthem subitum (human herpesvirus-6 reactivation) after autologous stem cell transplantation.

Transpl Infect Dis 2016 Apr;18(2):255-6

Section of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

We present the case of a 62-year-old man treated with high-dose chemotherapy and consecutive autologous stem cell transplantation for mantle cell lymphoma, who developed high fever and a rash of the trunk and both axillae 10 days after stem cell transplantation. Read More

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April 2016
26 Reads

Focal Coxsackie virus B5 encephalitis with synchronous seizure cluster and eruption: Infantile case.

Pediatr Int 2016 May 29;58(5):415-417. Epub 2015 Dec 29.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Enterovirus focal encephalitis is a rare clinical entity that is characterized by focal neurological signs including seizure, hemiparesis, hemichorea, and headache, which are mainly followed by rapid spontaneous improvement. We herein describe the case of a 9-month-old boy who developed Coxsackie virus B5 (CVB5) focal encephalitis with seizure clusters in the eruption stage of roseola infantum-like illness, which were followed by rapid improvement and benign outcome. Lumbar puncture indicated pleocytosis, and CVB5 infection in the cerebrospinal fluid was subsequently identified on genome sequencing and virus isolation. Read More

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May 2016
13 Reads

Viral Skin Diseases.

Prim Care 2015 Dec;42(4):517-67

Center for Dermatology, Laser, and Cosmetic Surgery, Psoriasis Infusion and Treatment Center, 9892 Bustleton Avenue, Suite 204, Philadelphia, PA 19115, USA.

In the vast world of skin diseases, viral skin disorders account for a significant percentage. Most viral skin diseases present with an exanthem (skin rash) and, oftentimes, an accompanying enanthem (lesions involving the mucosal membrane). In this article, the various viral skin diseases are explored, including viral childhood exanthems (measles, rubella, erythema infectiosum, and roseola), herpes viruses (herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus, Kaposi sarcoma herpes virus, viral zoonotic infections [orf, monkeypox, ebola, smallpox]), and several other viral skin diseases, such as human papilloma virus, hand, foot, and mouth disease, molluscum contagiosum, and Gianotti-Crosti syndrome. Read More

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December 2015
3 Reads

Common Skin Rashes in Children.

Am Fam Physician 2015 Aug;92(3):211-6

University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO, USA.

Because childhood rashes may be difficult to differentiate by appearance alone, it is important to consider the entire clinical presentation to help make the appropriate diagnosis. Considerations include the appearance and location of the rash; the clinical course; and associated symptoms, such as pruritus or fever. A fever is likely to occur with roseola, erythema infectiosum (fifth disease), and scarlet fever. Read More

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August 2015
9 Reads

Distinguishing the status of human herpesvirus 6 and 7 infection.

Int J Dermatol 2015 Sep 23;54(9):e365-6. Epub 2015 Jul 23.

Department of Dermatology, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), San Martino University Hospital, Italian Research Hospital Foundation, Genoa, Italy.

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September 2015
4 Reads

Predicting the characteristics of the aetiological agent for Kawasaki disease from other paediatric infectious diseases in Japan.

Epidemiol Infect 2016 Feb 23;144(3):478-92. Epub 2015 Jul 23.

Institute of Industrial Science,the University of Tokyo,Komaba,Meguro,Tokyo,Japan.

Although Kawasaki disease (KD), which was first reported in the 1960s, is assumed to be infectious, its aetiological agent(s) remains unknown. We compared the geographical distribution of the force of infection and the super-annual periodicity of KD and seven other paediatric infectious diseases in Japan. The geographical distribution of the force of infection, which was estimated as the inverse of the mean patient age, was similar in KD and other paediatric viral infections. Read More

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February 2016
11 Reads

Laboratory and clinical aspects of human herpesvirus 6 infections.

Clin Microbiol Rev 2015 Apr;28(2):313-35

Sorbonne Universités, UPMC, CIMI-Paris UMRS CR7, PVI Team, Paris, France INSERM, CIMI-Paris U1135, PVI Team, Paris, France AP-HP, Hôpitaux Universitaires Pitié Salpêtrière-Charles Foix, Service de Virologie, Paris, France Université René Descartes, Faculté de Pharmacie, Laboratoire de Microbiologie UPRES EA 4065, Paris, France.

Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a widespread betaherpesvirus which is genetically related to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and now encompasses two different species: HHV-6A and HHV-6B. HHV-6 exhibits a wide cell tropism in vivo and, like other herpesviruses, induces a lifelong latent infection in humans. As a noticeable difference with respect to other human herpesviruses, genomic HHV-6 DNA is covalently integrated into the subtelomeric region of cell chromosomes (ciHHV-6) in about 1% of the general population. Read More

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April 2015
17 Reads

Multiple primary syphilis on the lip, nipple-areola and penis: An immunohistochemical examination of Treponema pallidum localization using an anti-T. pallidum antibody.

J Dermatol 2015 May 24;42(5):515-7. Epub 2015 Feb 24.

Department of Dermatology, Toho University Ohashi Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

Primary syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum usually develops after sexual contact as an initial solitary sclerosis or hard chancre in the genital region. We describe a case of primary syphilis at three sites in genital and extragenital regions of a man who had sex with men. A 29-year-old man visited our hospital for skin lesions on his lower lip, nipple-areola and penis. Read More

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May 2015
2 Reads

Prevalence of HHV-6 in cerebrospinal fluid of children younger than 2 years of age with febrile convulsion.

Iran J Microbiol 2014 Apr;6(2):87-90

Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background And Objective: Febrile convulsion is a common disorder in children. Viral infections such as human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) which results in roseola infantum may contribute to developing seizure. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of HHV-6 by detecting DNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children with febrile convulsion and without any rash of roseola infantum. Read More

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April 2014
6 Reads

The toxicity of carbofuran to the freshwater rotifer, Philodina roseola.

Ecotoxicology 2015 Apr 15;24(3):604-15. Epub 2015 Jan 15.

Post-Graduate Program of Ecology and Natural Resources, Federal University of São Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luis, km 235, São Carlos, SP, CEP 13565-905, Brazil,

In this study, the effects of exposing the rotifer Philodina roseola to the pesticide carbofuran were investigated. Its range of sensitivity to potassium dichromate, the acute toxicity of active ingredient carbofuran and of carbofuran dosed as its commercial form, Furadan(®) 350 SC were determined. Chronic toxicity of carbofuran dosed as Furadan(®) 350 SC on P. Read More

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April 2015
1 Read

Human herpesvirus-6 infection-associated acute encephalopathy without skin rash.

Brain Dev 2015 Sep 9;37(8):829-32. Epub 2015 Jan 9.

Department of Pediatrics, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa 078-8510, Japan.

Background: Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) is the etiological agent of exanthema subitum-associated encephalopathy, which usually occurs in children younger than 3 years. Brain imaging shows various abnormalities.

Patient: A previously healthy 4-year-old girl developed acute encephalopathy with clinical features consisting of fever, repetitive seizures, and a disturbance of consciousness. Read More

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September 2015
9 Reads

Detection of human herpesvirus 6 in cerebrospinal fluid of children with possible encephalitis.

Jundishapur J Microbiol 2014 Sep 1;7(9):e11821. Epub 2013 Sep 1.

Pediatrics Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Background: Encephalitis is swelling and inflammation of brain, usually due to viral infection. Viral encephalitis symptoms could be fever, headache, altered level of consciousness, and seizures.

Objectives: The aim of this study was detection of human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) DNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with symptoms of possible acute encephalitis and without typical signs or symptoms of roseola infantum, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Read More

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September 2014
10 Reads

Roseoloviruses: unmet needs and research priorities: perspective.

Curr Opin Virol 2014 Dec 14;9:167-9. Epub 2014 Nov 14.

Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, United States.

The human roseoloviruses, human herpesviruses 6A (HHV-6A), HHV-6B, and HHV-7, are highly prevalent viruses that typically cause fever/rash illnesses such as roseola during early life primary infections. They also cause significant neurologic disease and complications following stem cell and solid organ transplantation, and have suggestive but less certain etiologic associations with other neurologic diseases and immunologic disorders. The US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases recently sponsored a workshop (Roseoloviruses: Clinical Impact, Interventions, and Research Needs) to discuss disease associations, novel biology, and the many unmet research needs related to Roseoloviruses. Read More

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December 2014
2 Reads

Clinical impact of primary infection with roseoloviruses.

Curr Opin Virol 2014 Dec 14;9:91-6. Epub 2014 Oct 14.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 601 Elmwood Ave, Box 690, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. Electronic address:

The roseoloviruses, human herpesvirus-6A -6B and -7 (HHV-6A, HHV-6B and HHV-7) cause acute infection, establish latency, and in the case of HHV-6A and HHV-6B, whole virus can integrate into the host chromosome. Primary infection with HHV-6B occurs in nearly all children and was first linked to the clinical syndrome roseola infantum. However, roseolovirus infection results in a spectrum of clinical disease, ranging from asymptomatic infection to acute febrile illnesses with severe neurologic complications and accounts for a significant portion of healthcare utilization by young children. Read More

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December 2014
8 Reads

Chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus 6 in heart failure: prevalence and treatment.

Eur J Heart Fail 2015 Jan 11;17(1):9-19. Epub 2014 Nov 11.

Department of Cardiology & Pneumology, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Aims: Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) A and B are two betaherpesviruses that are associated with many conditions including roseola, drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome, limbic encephalitis, and myocarditis. HHV-6 is integrated in the germline [chromosomically integrated HHV-6 (ciHHV-6)] in ∼0.8% of the human population. Read More

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January 2015
15 Reads

Fatal human herpesvirus 6-associated encephalitis in two boys with underlying POLG mitochondrial disorders.

Pediatr Neurol 2014 Sep 13;51(3):448-52. Epub 2014 Apr 13.

Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address:

Background: Human herpesvirus 6 is a significant cause of the febrile illness roseola infantum in young children. Infection with human herpesvirus 6 typically causes a self-limited febrile illness but occasionally is associated with central nervous system manifestations, including febrile seizures and encephalitis. Host factors associated with severe manifestations of human herpesvirus 6-associated neurological disease remain poorly characterized. Read More

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September 2014
20 Reads

Serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 in human herpesvirus-6-infected infants with or without febrile seizures.

J Infect Chemother 2014 Nov 21;20(11):716-21. Epub 2014 Aug 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Minamikogushi, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8505, Japan.

Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) is a cause of exanthema subitum and, sometimes, of febrile seizures. However, the pathogenesis of febrile seizures associated with HHV-6 infection remains unclear. We investigated serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) levels in infants with HHV-6 infection. Read More

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November 2014
20 Reads
1.380 Impact Factor