41,991 results match your criteria Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease


Oxidative Stress in Cardiac Tissue of Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: The Effects of Overweight and Obesity.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2018 17;2018:6598326. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Center for Cardiology/Cardiology 1, Laboratory of Molecular Cardiology of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Background: Obesity is one of the major cardiovascular risk factors and is associated with oxidative stress and myocardial dysfunction. We hypothesized that obesity affects cardiac function and morbidity by causing alterations in enzymatic redox patterns.

Methods: Sixty-one patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were included in the study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6598326DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311809PMC
December 2018

Differential Associations for Salivary Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, and Phosphate Levels with Carotid Intima Media Thickness, Heart Rate, and Arterial Stiffness.

Dis Markers 2018 16;2018:3152146. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

INSERM U1116, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France.

Salivary biomarkers may offer a noninvasive and easy sampling alternative in cardiovascular risk evaluation. The aim of the present study was to establish associations of salivary potassium, sodium, calcium, and phosphate levels with the cardiovascular phenotype determined by carotid ultrasound and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and to identify possible covariates for these associations. = 241 samples of nonstimulated whole buccal saliva were obtained from subjects with ( = 143; 59%) or without ( = 98; 41%) hypertension. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3152146DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311732PMC
December 2018

Coronary endarterectomy: an old tool for patients currently operated on with coronary artery bypass grafting. Long-term results, risk factor analysis.

Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol 2018 Dec 31;15(4):219-226. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Tor Vergata University Policlinic, Rome, Italy.

Aim: Coronary endarterectomy (CE) may provide a useful adjunctive technique to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with diffuse coronary artery disease. Nevertheless, the incidence of complications still remains high, long-term results remain unclear, and no risk factors for late mortality have been completely described yet.

Material And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 90 consecutive patients (67 ±8. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/kitp.2018.80917DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329878PMC
December 2018

Disease Damage Influences Cardiovascular Risk Reclassification Based on Carotid Ultrasound in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

J Rheumatol 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

From the Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Doctor Negrín, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria; Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Tenerife; Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Insular, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria; Central Laboratory Division, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Tenerife; Department of Epidemiology and Computational Biology, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria; CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Instituto de Investigacíon Sanitaria (IDIVAL); Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, IDIVAL; Epidemiology, Genetics and Atherosclerosis Research Group on Systemic Inflammatory Diseases, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, IDIVAL; School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain; Cardiovascular Pathophysiology and Genomics Research Unit, School of Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. This work was supported by a grant to IFA from the Spanish Ministry of Health, Subdirección General de Evaluación y Fomento de la Investigación, Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016 and by Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional - FEDER - (Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias, FIS PI14/00394, PI17/00083). Prof. González-Gay's research was supported by European Union FEDER funds and by the Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (grants PI06/0024, PS09/00748, PI12/00060 and PI15/00525) of the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII, Health Ministry, Spain). It was also partially supported by RETICS Programs RD12/0009 (RIER), RD12/0009/0013, and RD16/0012 from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII, Health Ministry, Spain). J.C. Quevedo-Abeledo, MD, Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Doctor Negrín; I. Rúa-Figueroa, MD, PhD, Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Doctor Negrín; H. Sánchez-Pérez, MD, Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitario de Canarias; B. Tejera-Segura, MD, Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Insular; A. de Vera-González, MD, Central Laboratory Division, Hospital Universitario de Canarias; A. González-Delgado, MD, Central Laboratory Division, Hospital Universitario de Canarias; J. Llorca, MD, PhD, Department of Epidemiology and Computational Biology, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, and CIBERESP, IDIVAL; M.A. González-Gay, MD, PhD, Division of Rheumatology, Epidemiology, Genetics and Atherosclerosis Research Group on Systemic Inflammatory Diseases, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, IDIVAL, and School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, and Cardiovascular Pathophysiology and Genomics Research Unit, School of Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand; I. Ferraz-Amaro, MD, PhD, Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitario de Canarias. Drs. M.A. González-Gay and I. Ferraz-Amaro shared senior authorship. Address correspondence to Dr. I. Ferraz-Amaro, Division of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, 38320 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain. E-mail: Accepted for publication September 21, 2018.

Objective: Composite scores of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors underestimate the CV risk in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Carotid artery ultrasound (US) was found useful in identifying high CV-risk patients with inflammatory arthritis. We assessed the effect of carotid US assessments on the CV risk stratification of patients with SLE. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.180881DOI Listing
January 2019

Not Just Arterial Damage: Increased Incidence of Venous Thromboembolic Events in Cardiovascular Patients With Elevated Plasma Levels of Apolipoprotein CIII.

J Am Heart Assoc 2019 Jan;8(2):e010973

1 Unit of Internal Medicine Department of Medicine University of Verona Italy.

Background Apolipoprotein CIII (apo CIII ) is a crucial player in triglyceride-rich lipoprotein metabolism, but may also act pleiotropically, provoking inflammatory responses and stimulating coagulation. Elevated apo CIII plasma levels have been associated with increased activity of coagulation factors. Since these features of prothrombotic diathesis are linked with venous thromboembolism ( VTE ), we hypothesized that apo CIII plays a role in VTE . Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.010973DOI Listing
January 2019

Association of Cardiorespiratory Fitness With Long-term Mortality Among Adults Undergoing Exercise Treadmill Testing.

JAMA Netw Open 2018 Oct 5;1(6):e183605. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.

Importance: Adverse cardiovascular findings associated with habitual vigorous exercise have raised new questions regarding the benefits of exercise and fitness.

Objective: To assess the association of all-cause mortality and cardiorespiratory fitness in patients undergoing exercise treadmill testing.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This retrospective cohort study enrolled patients at a tertiary care academic medical center from January 1, 1991, to December 31, 2014, with a median follow-up of 8. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.3605DOI Listing
October 2018

Epicardial Fat Volume Improves the Prediction of Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease Above Traditional Risk Factors and Coronary Calcium Score.

Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 Jan;12(1):e008002

Department of Cardiology (J.Z., Y.Z., Y.L., H.C.), Tianjin Chest Hospital, China.

Background: Recent studies have demonstrated the tremendous potential of epicardial fat volume (EFV) to predict obstructive coronary artery disease. We aimed to develop a new model to estimate pretest probability of obstructive coronary artery disease using traditional risk factors with coronary calcium score and EFV and compare it with proposed models in Chinese patients who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography.

Methods: The new models were derived from 5743 consecutive patients using multivariate logistic regression and validated in an internal cohort using invasive coronary angiography as the outcome and an external cohort with clinical outcome data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.118.008002DOI Listing
January 2019

Lifestyle factors and macro- and micro-vascular complications among people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2019 Jan - Feb;13(1):484-491. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Aims: The aim of this study is to identify lifestyle factors that place people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia at a greater risk of macro- and microvascular complications.

Methods: A survey was conducted among adults with type 2 diabetes who attended diabetes centres in three major cities in Saudi Arabia. Participants were interviewed and their medical files were reviewed for lab test results and documented comorbidities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2018.11.007DOI Listing
November 2018

Sortilin levels are associated with peripheral arterial disease in type 2 diabetic subjects.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2019 Jan 11;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

U.O.C. Clinica Medica e Malattie Vascolari, Department of Medicine, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Largo F. Vito 1, 00168, Rome, Italy.

Background: Sortilin is a 95-kDa protein which has recently been linked to circulating cholesterol concentration and lifetime risk of developing significant atherosclerotic disease. Sortilin is found inside different cell types and circulating in blood. Higher circulating sortilin concentration has been found in patients with coronary atherosclerosis compared to control subjects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://cardiab.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12933-01
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12933-019-0805-5DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Genetic Risk, Adherence to a Healthy Lifestyle, and Ischemic Heart Disease.

Curr Cardiol Rep 2019 Jan 10;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Gill Heart and Vascular Institute, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of this review is to investigate and discuss two aspects of coronary artery disease (CAD)-genetic risk and therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC)-both of which have key importance for patients and their care but which actually receive inadequate attention.

Recent Findings: Genetic risk has generally been relegated to a broad association with the presence of one or more inherited cardiovascular (CV) risk factors such as hypercholesterolemia, family history of atherosclerosis, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. However, the future of genetic risk is an understanding of specific genes, a genetic risk score, specific genetic loci known as selective nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), specific alleles, and microribonucleic acids (miRNAs). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11886-019-1086-zDOI Listing
January 2019

Low-carbohydrate diets and prevalence, incidence and progression of coronary artery calcium in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).

Br J Nutr 2019 Jan 11:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

1Division of Epidemiology and Community Health,University of Minnesota School of Public Health,Minneapolis,MN 55454,USA.

The evidence linking low-carbohydrate diets (LCD) to CVD is controversial, and results from epidemiological studies are inconsistent. We aimed to assess the relationship between LCD patterns and coronary artery Ca (CAC) scores from computed tomography in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis cohort. Our sample included 5614 men and women free of clinical CVD at baseline (2000-2002), who had a FFQ, a baseline measure and ≥1 measure of CAC during follow-up. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518003513DOI Listing
January 2019

Prediction of Acute Glomerular Filtration Rate Reductions Following Renin-angiotensin System Blockade in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Possible Application of Ultrasonography in Clinical Practice.

Intern Med 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Otemae Hospital, Japan.

Background Renal arteriolosclerosis is a risk factor for acute reductions in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) when renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors are administered. Renal arteriolosclerosis can be detected by an increase in the resistive index (RI) on Doppler ultrasonography. The purpose of the present study is to determine whether or not the RI can predict acute GFR reductions following RAS blockade in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.1444-18DOI Listing
January 2019

HDL-C is a marker of coronary artery disease severity and inflammation in patients on statin therapy.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Inova Center for Thrombosis Research and Drug Development, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church FVA, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Low high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and inflammation are risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, limited data are available determining the role of HDL-C sub-particles HDL-C and HDL-C for assessing CAD severity in patients on statin therapy.

Methods: Blood samples were obtained prior to cardiac catheterization in 304 consecutive patients with suspected CAD on statin therapy in this sub-analysis of Multi-Analyte, thrombogenic, and Genetic Markers of Atherosclerosis (MAGMA, NCT01276678) study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carrev.2018.12.019DOI Listing
December 2018

Evaluating the Potential Association Between Lipoprotein(a) and Atherosclerosis (from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis Among South Asians Living in America Cohort).

Am J Cardiol 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

We sought to report the distribution of Lp(a) levels in the Mediators of Atherosclerosis among South Asians Living in America cohort of participants who were free from clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) at baseline and to evaluate the cross-sectional association with atherosclerosis measured by coronary artery calcification (CAC) and carotid intima media thickness. Among 886 participants (mean [SD] age: 55.4 [9. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.12.013DOI Listing
December 2018

The Association of Lipoprotein(a), Apolipoprotein(a) Phenotypes and Autoantibodies to Lipoprotein(a) With Lower Extremity Artery Disease.

Kardiologiia 2018 Dec 25;58(12):45-51. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

National Medical Research Center of Cardiology of MoH of Russian Federation.

Aim: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and low molecular weight (LMW) apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] phenotype are risk factors of сoronary heart disease and stroke. Data about the role of Lp(a) and phenotypes apo(a) in the development of lower extremity artery disease (LEAD) is scarce. The aim of our study was to assess the association of Lp(a), apo(a) phenotypes and autoantibodies to apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100) lipoproteins with LEAD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.18087/cardio.2018.12.10176DOI Listing
December 2018

ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction in Patients With Malignancies.

Kardiologiia 2018 Dec 25;58(12):5-12. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Samara State Medical University.

Acute myocardial infarction (MI), the most severe complication of coronary artery disease, develops in 2-4% of patients with various malignancies.

Purpose: to explore the specific properties of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) course in patients with cancer and its effect on short-term outcome.

Materials And Methods: We included in this study 45 patients with STEMI and history of cancer hospitalized in the period from 01. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.18087/cardio.2018.12.10204DOI Listing
December 2018

Evaluating longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms, smoking, and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease in the CARDIA study.

Psychosom Med 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

Objective: To evaluate associations between 15-year trajectories of co-occurring depressive symptoms and smoking with biomarkers of cardiovascular disease at Year 15.

Methods: In the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, we modeled trajectories of depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression scale: CES-D) and smoking (cigarettes per day: CPD) among 3,614 adults followed from Year 0 (ages 18-30) through Year 15 (ages 33-45). Biomarkers of inflammation (hsCRP), oxidative stress (SOD, F2-isoprostanes), and endothelial dysfunction (sICAM1, sP-selectin) were assessed at Year 15. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0000000000000667DOI Listing
January 2019

Association between beta-adrenoceptor antagonist-induced sympathicolysis and severity of coronary artery disease as assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA).

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Enhanced sympathetic nervous system activity is associated with increased mortality in many cardiac conditions including heart failure and coronary artery disease (CAD). To ensure adequate image quality of coronary CT angiography (CCTA), pre-scan β-adrenergic blockers (BB) are routinely administered. It is currently unknown whether sensitivity to sympathicolytic compounds is associated with severity of CAD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10554-018-01523-3DOI Listing
January 2019

Risk of spinal cord ischemia after thoracic endovascular aortic repair.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(11):6088-6096

Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coronary Heart Disease Prevention, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou 510080, China.

Background: Spinal cord ischemia (SCI) is a recognized grave complication after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence and investigate risk of SCI after TEVAR based on current prophylactic strategies designed against established risk factors.

Methods: The study retrospectively reviewed a prospectively maintained database to investigate patients who underwent TEVAR successfully between January 2009 and December 2012 in a single cardiovascular center. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://jtd.amegroups.com/article/view/25161/19087
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.10.99DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297439PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Patient and procedural features predicting early and mid-term outcome after radical surgery for non-small cell lung cancer.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(11):6020-6029

Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Intensive Care, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Postoperative cardiovascular and pulmonary complications (PCVCs and PPCs) are frequent and result in prolonged hospital stay. The aim of this study was to update the risk factors associated with major complications and survival after lung cancer surgery.

Methods: This is a post-hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial that was designed to assess the benefits of preoperative physical training. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://jtd.amegroups.com/article/view/24945/19080
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.10.36DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297410PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

A multi-institutional analysis of transcarotid artery revascularization compared to carotid endarterectomy.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Jan 6. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Harrington Heart and Vascular Institute, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.

Objective: Transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) is a novel approach to carotid intervention that uses a direct carotid cut-down approach coupled with cerebral blood flow reversal to minimize embolic potential. The initial positive data with TCAR indicates that it may be an attractive alternative to trans-femoral carotid artery stenting and possibly carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for high-risk patients. The purpose of this study was to present 30-day and 1-year outcomes after treatment by TCAR and to compare these outcomes against a matched control group undergoing CEA at the same institutions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.09.060DOI Listing
January 2019

Prognostic significance of prior ischemic stroke in patients with coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

The State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Institute Fuwai Hospital and the National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Objectives: To investigate the long-term outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with previous ischemic stroke.

Background: Ischemic stroke and coronary artery disease (CAD) are leading causes of death that often coexist with each other. With the increased use of PCI in high-risk patients with CAD, the association between prior ischemic stroke and cardiovascular/cerebrovascular events in patients with CAD undergoing PCI has been a topic of interest. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28057DOI Listing
January 2019

Short-term effects of ambient air pollution and cardiovascular events in Shiraz, Iran, 2009 to 2015.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Air pollution and dust storms are associated with increased cardiovascular hospital admissions. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between short-term exposure to ambient air pollutants and CVD (cardiovascular disease) events in a long-term observational period. The study included the events of cardiovascular diseases (namely coronary artery disease, ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, and pneumo thrombo embolism) within the population of Shiraz, from March 21, 2009 to March 20, 2015. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3952-4DOI Listing
January 2019

Factors Influencing Stent Restenosis After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease: A Clinical Trial Based on 1-Year Follow-Up.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Jan 8;25:240-247. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Radiology, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND This study observed the incidence of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and discusses the risk factors of ISR based on clinical data, coronary angiography, and stent features, to provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of ISR. MATERIAL AND METHODS We selected 1132 cases who received stent implantation at the Shaanxi People's Hospital from June 2014 to June 2016 and were followed up by coronary angiography within 1 year. Based on coronary angiography, the cases were divided into ISR and non-ISR groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.908692DOI Listing
January 2019

Association between awareness of nutrition labeling and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration in cancer survivors and the general population: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-2016.

BMC Cancer 2019 Jan 7;19(1):16. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Nutrition labeling has been found to affect the amount and type of food intake, with certain groups in the population, such as cancer survivors, being more aware of this information. A higher awareness of nutrition labeling is inversely related to the risk of dyslipidemia. This study therefore assessed the association between awareness of nutrition labeling and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration among cancer survivors in South Korea and in the general population of subjects without a history of cancer. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-018-5196-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322264PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Current status of acute myocardial infarction in Korea.

Korean J Intern Med 2019 Jan 28;34(1):1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Departemt of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.

Coronary artery disease, especially acute myocardial infarction (AMI), is a leading cause of death in the Asia-Pacific region. The Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) is the first nationwide, prospective, multicenter registry of Korean patients with AMI. Since the KAMIR first began in November 2005, more than 70,000 patients have been enrolled, and 230 papers have been published (as of October 2018). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://kjim.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.3904/kjim.2018.381
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3904/kjim.2018.381DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325441PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Analysis of the ROADSTER pivotal and extended-access cohorts shows excellent 1-year durability of transcarotid stenting with dynamic flow reversal.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Boston, Mass.

Objective: We report the 1-year outcomes of the Safety and Efficacy Study for Reverse Flow Used During Carotid Artery Stenting Procedure (ROADSTER) multicenter trial. This trial introduced a novel transcarotid neuroprotection system (NPS), the ENROUTE transcarotid NPS (Silk Road Medical Inc, Sunnyvale, Calif). Postoperative results demonstrated that the use of the ENROUTE transcarotid NPS is safe and effective. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.08.179DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Endovascular treatment of TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II D femoropopliteal lesions in patients with critical limb ischemia.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Santa Marcelina Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: The outcomes of endovascular treatment of femoropopliteal atherosclerotic lesions have been improving recently. Although open repair is indicated for class D femoropopliteal lesions based on the TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC II) document, in some cases, it is reasonable to use the endovascular approach for these lesions. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the technical aspects and outcomes of treating TASC II D femoropopliteal disease with endovascular approaches. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.08.176DOI Listing
January 2019

A Cancer Paradox: Machine-Learning Backed Propensity-Score Analysis of Coronary Angiography Findings in Cardio-Oncology.

J Invasive Cardiol 2019 Jan;31(1):21-26

Department of Cardiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1400 Pressler Street, Unit 1451, Houston, TX 77030 USA.

Objectives: Cancer has been proposed as a cardiovascular risk factor. We aimed to assess the cardiovascular risk profile and coronary angiography (CA) findings of cancer patients and compare them to those of patients without cancer.

Methods: A retrospective case-control analysis was conducted on randomly enrolled cancer and non-cancer patients from a high-volume cardio-oncology center and a tertiary cardiology center, respectively, who underwent CA from April 2008 to June 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019

Appropriate use of elective coronary angiography in patients with suspected stable coronary artery disease.

Ir J Med Sci 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

School of Public Health, University College Cork, 4th Floor, Western Gateway Building, Western Road, Cork, Ireland.

Introduction: The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) with other professional societies developed appropriate use criteria (AUC) for diagnostic coronary angiography. This study aims to examine the appropriate use of elective coronary angiography for patients with suspected stable coronary artery disease in an Irish tertiary referral center.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of all elective outpatient diagnostic coronary angiograms performed in Cork University Hospital in 2014 was carried out. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11845-018-1953-4DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Influence of chronic kidney disease on coronary plaque components in coronary artery disease patients with both diabetes mellitus and hypertension.

Heart Vessels 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Cardiology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, 7-45-1 Nanakuma Jonan-ku, Fukuoka, 814-0180, Japan.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is well known to be associated with an increased incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD). Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN), both of which are traditional risk factors for CAD, are the two most common causes of CKD. However, the influence of CKD on coronary atherosclerosis in CAD patients who have both DM and HTN remains uncertain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00380-018-01334-5DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Red blood cell transfusion in liver resection.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Several modalities exist for the management of hepatic neoplasms. Resection, the most effective approach, carries significant risk of hemorrhage. Blood loss may be corrected with red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) in the short term, but may ultimately contribute to negative outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-018-1746-2DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Medication Adherence and its Related Factors in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Angioplasty.

J Caring Sci 2018 Dec 1;7(4):213-218. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) has no effect on coronary artery atherosclerosis, thus the modification of physiological risk factors seems essential to prevent coronary artery disease (CAD). Then PCI patients have to receive multiple drug therapies in an attempt to prevent the recurrence of cardiac events. In spite of the evidence based on medication adherence to prevent post-PCI CAD development, medication adherence is the main concern for health care system. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/jcs.2018.032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311628PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Risk factors of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia by technetium-perfusion imaging in patients with coronary artery lesions caused by Kawasaki disease.

J Cardiol 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Sudden death can occur in some patients with non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) after myocardial infarction (MI) in those with coronary artery lesions (CAL) caused by Kawasaki disease (KD). The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for NSVT in the late period after KD by technetium-99m-tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the relation between the appearance of NSVT and the findings in MPI single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) in 75 patients (55 males and 20 females) who had had CAL caused by KD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2018.12.007DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Prediction models for different plaque morphology in non-significantly stenosed regions of saphenous vein grafts assessed with optical coherence tomography.

Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej 2018 11;14(4):363-372. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cardiology, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a method of choice in treatment of diffuse coronary artery disease (CAD), although it has some limitations such as late saphenous vein graft (SVG) patency loss, which occurs in one fifth of all conduits at 5 years. Since atherosclerosis in SVG has diffuse characteristics, it appears that significantly and non-significantly stenosed lesions may have an equal impact on worse prognosis.

Aim: To assess non-significant lesions of SVG by the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and investigate the clinical and laboratory findings with the potential impact on plaque composition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/aic.2018.79866DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309833PMC
December 2018

Influence of Traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Carotid and Femoral Atherosclerotic Plaque Volume as Measured by Three-Dimensional Ultrasound.

J Clin Med 2018 Dec 31;8(1). Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Internal Medicine III (Cardiology, Angiology), Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Atherosclerosis is a systemic multifocal disease with a preference for the branching points of the arteries. In this study, we quantitatively measured carotid and femoral plaque volume in subjects with cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and/or established atherosclerotic disease using a 3D ultrasound technique.

Methods: In this prospective, single-centre study, we included 404 patients (median age 64; 56. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8010032DOI Listing
December 2018

Associations between plasma nesfatin-1 levels and the presence and severity of coronary artery disease.

Heart Vessels 2019 Jan 1. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Cardiology, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, 2-5-1 Higashigaoka, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8902, Japan.

Nesfatin-1 is a recently identified anorexigenic peptide mainly secreted from the brain and adipose tissue. Although nesfatin-1 may have pro-inflammatory and apoptotic properties, the association between plasma nesfatin-1 levels and coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been clarified yet. We investigated plasma nesfatin-1 levels in 302 patients undergoing elective coronary angiography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00380-018-01328-3DOI Listing
January 2019

Medical therapy for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in patients with myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery.

Int J Cardiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Care, and Pain Medicine, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, United States of America.

Background: Myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery (MINS) is a common post-operative cardiovascular complication and is associated with short and long-term mortality. The objective of this study was to describe the contemporary management of patients with and without MINS after total joint and spine orthopedic surgery at a large urban health system in the United States.

Methods: Adults admitted for total joint and major spine surgery from January 2013 through December 2015 with ≥1 cardiac troponin (cTn) measurement during their hospitalization were identified. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.12.032DOI Listing
December 2018

Sleep Duration and Mortality in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease.

Am J Cardiol 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Emory Clinical Cardiovascular Research Institute, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:

Extremes in sleep duration are associated with higher cardiovascular risk in the general population, but their impact in patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unknown and potentially of clinical significance. We hypothesized that both short and long sleep duration are associated with higher mortality in CAD. We inquired about sleep durations in 2,846 patients enrolled in the Emory Cardiovascular Biobank (mean age 64 years, 38% female, 23% Black, and 82% with obstructive CAD, defined by positive coronary angiography), who were then followed for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00029149183221
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.11.057DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Predictive value of a fragmented QRS complex in diagnosing patients with myocardial ischemia.

Clin Cardiol 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: A fragmented QRS complex (fQRS) is caused by conduction abnormalities of the ventricle secondary to myocardial ischemia and/or scar in patients with myocardial infarction. However, the implications of the fQRS in the development of coronary artery disease with myocardial ischemia in those without a scar remain unknown.

Methods: We studied electrocardiograms (ECGs) obtained from 150 patients (60. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clc.23148DOI Listing
December 2018

Composite acute phase glycoproteins with coronary artery calcification depends on metabolic syndrome presence - The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil).

J Cardiol 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Center for Clinical and Epidemiological Research, University Hospital, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Department of Medicine, School of Medicine University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Inflammation has been weakly associated with coronary artery calcium (CAC) in the overall population. However, it is currently unknown whether this varies according to the cardio-metabolic profile. We evaluated the association between GlycA, a unique composite biomarker of pro-inflammatory acute phase glycoproteins, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), uric acid, and their composite values (composite inflammation) in the overall population and strata according to cardiovascular risk. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2018.09.006DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Role of personality in cardiovascular diseases: An issue that needs to be focused too!

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 8;70 Suppl 3:S471-S477. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India. Electronic address:

This review provides a broad overview of the relationship of personality with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). There has been a sustained interest over the last half a century on the issue of relationship between personality traits and CVDs. Type A behavior was the initial focus of inquiry as it was observed that individuals who were competitive, hostile, and excessively driven were overrepresented among patients seeking treatment for CVDs and also were prone to develop coronary artery disease/syndrome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310178PMC
December 2018

The predictors of no reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction: A meta-analysis.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 31;70 Suppl 3:S406-S418. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Brawijaya University/Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Malang, 65117, Indonesia.

Objective: To investigate the no reflow risk factors after percutaneous coronary intervention in ST elevation myocardial infarction patients.

Method: Sample size, mean±standard deviation (SD) or frequencies (percent) of normal and no reflow groups were extracted from each study.

Results: Of 27 retrospective and prospective studies, we found that increasing risks of no reflow were associated with advanced age, male, family history of coronary artery disease, smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, delayed reperfusion, killip class ≥2, elevated blood glucose, increased creatinine, elevated creatine kinase (CK), higher heart rate, decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), collateral flow ≤1, longer lesion length, multivessel disease, reference luminal diameter, initial thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow, and high thrombus burden. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.01.032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309153PMC
December 2018

Smoking cessation: Adherence based on patients' illness perception after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 19;70 Suppl 3:S4-S7. Epub 2018 Jan 19.

Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran; Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) is a common treatment for coronary artery disease. The patient's commitment to modify risk factors is necessary to achieve the desired after surgery outcomes. The current study aimed at determining illness perception of patients after CABG, its relation to smoking cessation, and detecting other predictors of smoking cessation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.01.025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309235PMC
December 2018

Changing patterns in the prevalence and management of cardiovascular risk factors in India and their comparison with the rest of the world along with clinical outcomes at 5-year: An analysis of stable coronary artery disease patients from The Prospective Observational Longitudinal Registry of patients with stable coronary artery disease (CLARIFY) registry.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 24;70 Suppl 3:S36-S42. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Chairman and Dean Academics and Research, Batra Heart Center & Batra Hospital and Medical Research Center, Delhi, India.

Objective: Present paper describes trends in prevalence and control of cardiovascular risk factors and clinical outcomes at 5-years for CLARIFY Indian cohort compared with rest of the world (ROW).

Method: CLARIFY is an international, prospective-observational, longitudinal cohort study in stable coronary artery disease outpatients. The 5-year data of both cohorts were compared, and evaluated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.04.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309139PMC
December 2018

Manipal lifestyle modification score to predict major adverse cardiac events in postcoronary angioplasty patients.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 31;70 Suppl 3:S353-S358. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Cardiology, Kasturba Medical College and Hospital, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal-576104, India.

Background: Lifestyle modification (LSM) such as prudent diet, physical activity, avoidance of smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight may considerably decrease the risk for coronary artery disease.

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to develop a new LSM scoring system and investigate the correlation between adherence to LSM and incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) at 12-month follow-up.

Method: A total of 1000 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) were included in this prospective single-center study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.10.411DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309872PMC
December 2018

Evaluation of SERENE-CAG score for assessing suitability for coronary angiography preoperatively in patients undergoing valve replacement surgery.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 31;70 Suppl 3:S189-S193. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Cardiology, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Civil Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad- 380016, Gujarat, India.

Aims: The aim of this study was to identify better selection criteria for subjecting patients of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) to preoperative coronary angiography (CAG) based on indigenous scoring system (SERENE-CAG [Selecting Patients Of Rheumatic Heart Disease Undergoing Valve Surgery For Presurgical Coronary Angiography]).

Methods: This prospective study included all consecutive 798 patients of RHD patients undergoing preoperative CAG from January 2016 to December 2017 over a duration of 2 years. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed with the presence of significant CAD [coronary artery disease] as the dependent variable with traditional risk factors of CAD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00194832183054
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.10.033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310738PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Assessment of asymptomatic ischemic heart disease using stress myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 19;70 Suppl 3:S157-S160. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Cardiology, Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and may be asymptomatic.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of asymptomatic myocardial ischemia in patients with T2DM using stress myocardial perfusion imaging.

Methods: We evaluated 97 consecutive patients with T2DM without clinical evidence of CAD presenting to Cardiology and Endocrinology clinics using Tc-99m MIBI gated single-photon emission-computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging for the presence of asymptomatic CAD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.08.023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310734PMC
December 2018

Is C-peptide a predictor of severity of coronary artery disease in metabolic syndrome? An observational study.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 19;70 Suppl 3:S105-S109. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Department of General Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, 576104, India. Electronic address:

Background: Various cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors have been implicated to correlate with the severity of the disease. Present study was conducted to correlate one such risk factor i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.07.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309290PMC
December 2018

Investigation of LPA sequence variants rs6415084, rs3798220 with conventional coronary artery disease in Iranian CAD patients.

Hum Antibodies 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

Background: Conventional coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the general population. In recent years, multiple CAD promising risk factors have been reported and used for risk stratification. Lipoprotein(a) [LPA] concentration in plasma was shown associated with CAD risk and LPA genetic variants in different ethnic groups remains less clear. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.medra.org/servlet/aliasResolver?alias=iospress&a
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/HAB-180353DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads