18,850 results match your criteria Rib Fractures


Effect of inclusion rate of Fermenten on performance, carcass traits, and apparent total tract digestibility of growing Angus crossbred steers.

J Anim Sci 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

North Florida Research and Education Center, Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Marianna.

In Phase 1 (d 0 to 56) of a two-phase experiment, 81 steers (initial body weight = 189 ± 22 kg) were arranged in a generalized randomized block design, allocated to 9 pens (9 steers/pen) and assigned to 1 of 3 dietary treatments. Treatments consisted of different inclusion rates of Fermenten (FER) in a backgrounding diet fed ad libitum, and were as follow: 0 (CON), 2, or 4% FER in the diet dry matter (DM). Steer was considered the experimental unit, and individual DM intake was measured using the GrowSafe system. Read More

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December 2018

ECMO Flow as a Sign of Intraabdominal Hemorrhage After Prolonged CPR.

ASAIO J 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

From the Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Although life-saving, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been associated with traumatic injuries in adult patients surviving cardiac arrest. In addition to rib and sternal fractures, intraabdominal injuries have also been shown to occur, particularly after prolonged external cardiac massage. Early detection of these injuries remains difficult and is often masked by concomitant hemodynamic instability and the higher likelihood of other injuries such as retroperitoneal hemorrhage. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Microscopic markers of an infradian biorhythm in human juvenile ribs.

Bone 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Skeletal Biology Research Centre, School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NR, England, United Kingdom.

Recent studies have indicated that there may be an infradian systemic biorhythm that coordinates aspects of human hard tissue growth and influences adult body size. Here we investigate if evidence of this biorhythm retained in human teeth as the periodicity of Retzius lines (RP) corresponds with the microstructural growth of a non-weight bearing bone, the rib, in a sample of 50 human juvenile skeletons. Using static histomorphometric methods, the RP of one permanent tooth from each skeleton was calculated and combined with measures of bone remodeling in a rib from the same individual. Read More

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November 2018

The Posterior Adiposity Index: A Quantitative Selection Tool for Adrenalectomy Approach.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 26;233:26-31. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Objective criteria are lacking to determine whether a laparoscopic transabdominal (LA) or retroperitoneoscopic (RP) approach to adrenalectomy is optimal. We hypothesized that imaging characteristics could predict patients for whom RP adrenalectomy is the optimal approach.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective cohort study of all patients undergoing minimally invasive adrenalectomy between 2014 and 2016 (n = 113) at one institution. Read More

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January 2019

Use of Bone-Cartilaginous Unit in Revision Rhinoplasty.

Aesthet Surg J 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: In revision rhinoplasty, insufficient septal cartilage is a common finding. In these cases, harvesting of costal cartilage or conchal cartilage is needed which is time consuming and has morbidity. Use of the septal bone/cartilage composite graft or bony-cartilaginous unit as a graft in rhinoplasty is a new technique. Read More

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December 2018

A pathology not be overlooked in blunt chest trauma: Analysis of 181 patients with bilateral pneumothorax.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018 Nov;24(6):521-527

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir-Turkey.

Background: Bilateral pneumothorax (BPTx) can become tension PTx and a cause of mortality, especially in severe multi-trauma patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence, morbidity, mortality, and associated factors of BPTx in multi-trauma patients in order to highlight the importance of the management of these cases, as well as complications, morbidity, and mortality.

Methods: The data of 181 patients with BPTx, from a total of 3782 trauma patients, were reviewed retrospectively. Read More

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November 2018

Reduced Eating Pace (RePace) Behavioral Intervention for Children Prone to or with Obesity: Does the Turtle Win the Race?

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Objective: Rapid eating is a risk factor for childhood obesity but has not been a focus of intervention with young children. The short-term effects of a novel family-based treatment, "Reduced Eating Pace" (RePace), were tested on child eating speed and secondary outcomes.

Methods: Twenty-eight rapid eating children were randomized to RePace (n  = 14) or Delayed Usual Care Control (DUC) (n  = 14). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Dépistage et surveillance d’une scoliose idiopathique. Le dépistage est systématique en période prépubertaire.

Authors:
Anne-Laure Simon

Rev Prat 2015 Nov;65(9):1155-1158

Service de chirurgie orthopédique pédiatrique, CHU Robert-Debré, AP-HP, université Paris-Diderot, Paris, France.

Detection and surveillance of idiopathic scoliosis. Spinal deformities are frequent in children. Detection on physical examination must be systematically performed especially in pre-puberty period because of the potential risk of progression. Read More

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November 2015

Single lumen endotracheal intubation with carbon dioxide insufflation for lung isolation in thoracic surgery.

Surg Endosc 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, 3800 Reservoir Rd, NW, Washington, DC, 20007, USA.

Introduction: Double lumen tube (DLT) intubation is used for lung isolation but is not without disadvantages including increased intubation time, anesthesia expertise, risk of airway trauma, and costs over single lumen tube (SLT) intubation. SLT intubation with CO insufflation can be used as an alternative for lung isolation. We reviewed our experience with this technique during thoracoscopic surgery. Read More

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December 2018

11p15.4 Microdeletion Associates with Hemihypertrophy.

Case Rep Genet 2018 30;2018:2746347. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Pediatrics, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

We report a preterm female infant with intrauterine growth retardation, dysmorphic facies, missing rib, small hands and feet, and hemihypertrophy. The results of whole genome SNP microarray analysis showed approximately 77 Kb interstitial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 11 (11p15.4). Read More

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October 2018

Slipping Rib Syndrome: Solving the Mystery of the Shooting Pain.

Am J Med Sci 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Family Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Slipping rib syndrome is an often unrecognized and underdiagnosed condition caused by the increased mobility of the anterior ends of the costal cartilages of the false ribs. Patients usually present with severe intermittent abdominal pain that is exacerbated by various physical movements. Diagnosis of slipping rib syndrome is mainly clinical and can be confirmed by a physical examination technique termed the "Hooking Maneuver. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

A genetic evaluation of growth, ultrasound, and carcass traits at alternative slaughter endpoints in crossbred heavy lambs.

J Anim Sci 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Centre for Genetic Improvement of Livestock, Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Genetic parameters were estimated for growth, ultrasound and carcass traits in a Canadian crossbred heavy lamb population. Traits analyzed included birth, weaning, post-weaning and ultrasound scanning weights; pre- and post-weaning average daily gain; ultrasonically-measured eye muscle and fat depths; hot carcass weight; fat depth at the GR site (110 mm from the midline on the 12 th rib); carcass conformation scores; saleable meat yield; price grid value; and total carcass value. The impact of three alternative slaughter endpoints (slaughter age, carcass weight, and carcass fatness) on genetic parameter estimates was also evaluated. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Induction of a thoracolumbar supernumerary rib in rat developmental toxicity studies: a short discussion on the critical window.

Congenit Anom (Kyoto) 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Faculty of Medicine, Saitama Medical University.

Thoracolumbar supernumerary ribs (TSRs) are classified as less severe skeletal anomalies in rat developmental toxicity studies, although their incidence is relatively high in rodent studies. To investigate the characteristics of the critical window for chemically-induced TSR, in this study, rats were administered 5-fluorocytocine (5-FC) or sodium salicylate (SAL) at one of three time periods on gestational day (GD) 9, early morning (0700), midday (1200 to 1300), or late afternoon (1600 or 1900). The incidence of TSR and other anomalies were assessed in GD20 fetuses. Read More

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November 2018

Improved functional outcome in NTOS patients following resection of the subclavius muscle with radiological signs of nerve impingement: indication of participation of the subclavius in brachial plexus compression.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEBoth clinical and radiological reports have suggested that the subclavius, a muscle in the costoclavicular space of the thoracic outlet, participates in neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) in some instances, especially during movements narrowing the costoclavicular space. Magnetic resonance imaging can identify subclavius muscles with signs of nerve impingement, yet the impact of the subclavius in such situations remains unclear. Therefore, the authors investigated whether dividing or sparing the subclavius characterized by nerve impingement on MRI would affect surgical outcomes. Read More

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November 2018

Case of Fractured Rib, with an External Wound.

Authors:
Shaw

Lond Med Phys J 1826 Sep;1(3):227-228

the Middlesex Hospital.

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September 1826

Case of Penetrating Wound of the Chest, with a Fractured Rib.

Authors:
Bell

Lond Med Phys J 1826 Sep;1(3):226-227

the Middlesex Hospital.

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September 1826

Serious chronic disease of the cervical spine and trauma in a young female from the middle ages (Czech Republic).

Int J Paleopathol 2018 Nov 26;24:185-196. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

The skeletal remains of the young female (20-24 years) from Grave JP/106, discovered in the Southern Suburb of the Břeclav - Pohansko Stronghold (Early Middle Ages, 9th century-beginning of the 10 century, present day Czech Republic) display several noteworthy pathologies. The first is deformation of the mandible, which was most probably caused by a fracture of the ramus in combination with a subcondylar fracture. The spine of this young woman also exhibits a probable traumatic injury of the cervical spine in combination with a slowly growing structure situated inside the spinal canal, which caused deformation centered upon C7. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Chest wall toxicity after stereotactic body radiation therapy: a pooled-analysis of 57 studies.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, the United States. Electronic address:

Purpose: The significance of clinical and dosimetric risk factors in relation to chest wall (CW) injury after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for lung tumors were analyzed through a meta-analysis of 57 published studies.

Methods And Materials: Studies related to CW injury after lung SBRT were obtained through searching PubMed, Embase and Cochrane electronic databases. An estimate of the incidence of CW pain (CWP) or rib fracture (RF) was derived using a Bayesian hierarchical model. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Pulsed Ultrasounds Reduce Pain and Disability, Increasing Rib Fracture Healing, in a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Pain Med 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Section of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Rib fractures are an important health issue worldwide, with significant, pain, morbidity, and disability for which only symptomatic treatment exists.

Objectives: Based on our previous experimental model, the objective of the current study was to assess for the first time whether pulsed ultrasound (PUS) application could have beneficial effects on humans.

Methods: Prospective, double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial of 51 patients. Read More

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November 2018

Predictable Location of Breast Sensory Nerves for Breast Re-innervation.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Background: The sensory innervation to the breast originates from the medial and lateral cutaneous branches of the third to fifth intercostal nerves, which are at risk for injury or loss during a mastectomy. Providing re-innervation after mastectomy was introduced almost 20 years ago, but it is not widely performed, perhaps due to the difficulty of locating a recipient nerve. We have performed cadaveric dissections to allow for precise anatomical localization of the lateral intercostal branch providing breast sensation. Read More

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November 2018

Retroperitoneal Extrapleural Approach for Corpectomy of the First Lumbar Vertebra : Technique and Outcome.

J Korean Neurosurg Soc 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Objective: Corpectomy of the first lumbar vertebra (L1) for the management of different L1 pathologies can be performed using either an anterior or posterior approach. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a retroperitoneal extrapleural approach through the twelfth rib for performing L1 corpectomy.

Methods: Thirty consecutive patients underwent L1 corpectomy between 2010 and 2016. Read More

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November 2018

RNA Sequencing-Based Bulked Segregant Analysis Facilitates Efficient D-genome Marker Development for a Specific Chromosomal Region of Synthetic Hexaploid Wheat.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Nov 26;19(12). Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Rokkodai 1-1, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.

Common wheat originated from interspecific hybridization between cultivated tetraploid wheat and its wild diploid relative followed by amphidiploidization. This evolutionary process can be reproduced artificially, resulting in synthetic hexaploid wheat lines. Here we performed RNA sequencing (RNA-seq)-based bulked segregant analysis (BSA) using a bi-parental mapping population of two synthetic hexaploid wheat lines that shared identical A and B genomes but included with D-genomes of distinct origins. Read More

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November 2018

Immature stages of the Rubiaceae-feeding metalmark butterflies (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae), and a new function for the tentacle nectary organs.

Zootaxa 2018 Nov 20;4524(1):1-32. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Aquapro, Km 13 via a Acacias, Villavicencio, Colombia..

Metalmark butterfly (Riodinidae) diversity is heavily concentrated in the Neotropical lowland forests but despite their prevalence basic information on immature stages is still scarce. Here we describe the life cycle of seven taxa in the Rubiaceae-feeding section of the Mesosemiina, including three Mesosemia Hübner, [1819], three Leucochimona Stichel, 1909, and the first information for Semomesia Westwood, 1851. Immature stage morphology of Mesosemia cippus Hewitson, 1859 is described in detail through scanning electron microscopy. Read More

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November 2018

A new species of Crocodile Newt Tylototriton (Caudata: Salamandridae) from Shan State, Myanmar (Burma).

Zootaxa 2018 Oct 18;4500(4):553-573. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Herpetology Laboratory, Department of Biology, La Sierra University, 4500 Riverwalk Parkway, Riverside, California 92515, USA.

A phylogenetic taxonomic analysis of a monophyletic subgroup of the salamandrid genus Tylototriton revealed that a newly discovered population from Ngar Su Village, 1 km south of Ywangan, Shan State, Myanmar is a new species and most closely related to T. shanorum from approximately 80 km to the west in the vicinity of Taunggyi, Shan State. Tylototriton ngarsuensis sp. Read More

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October 2018

Oral administration of probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota relieves pain after single rib fracture: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018 ;27(6):1252-1257

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Hebei Province, China.

Background And Objectives: Probiotic treatment has proven to increase the density of bone mass, prevent against bone loss, and improve bone formation. We aimed to assess the effect of oral administration of the probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) on pain relief in patients with single rib fracture.

Methods And Study Design: A total of 283 eligible patients who had a single rib fracture were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive skimmed milk containing either a commercial probiotic LcS or placebo every day through oral administration for 1 month after the fracture. Read More

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January 2018

The expedited discharge of patients with multiple traumatic rib fractures is cost-effective.

Injury 2018 Oct 13. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Cooper University Hospital, 1 Cooper Plaza, Camden, NJ 08103, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Rib fractures are a cause of significant morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. It is well documented that optimizing pain control, mobilization, and respiratory care decreases complications. However, the impact of these interventions on hospital costs and length of stay is not well defined. Read More

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October 2018

CT-lung volume estimates in trauma patients undergoing stabilizing surgery for flail chest.

Injury 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Radiology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg and Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Bruna stråket 11B, 413 45, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address:

Aim: To estimate and compare lung volumes from pre- and post-operative computed tomography (CT) images and correlate findings with post-operative lung function tests in trauma patients with flail chest undergoing stabilizing surgery.

Patients And Methods: Pre- and post-operative CT images of the thorax were used to estimate lung volumes in 37 patients who had undergone rib plate fixation at least 6 months before inclusion for flail chest due to blunt thoracic trauma. Computed tomography lung volumes were estimated from airway distal to each lung hilum by outlining air-filled lung tissue either manually in images of 5 mm slice thickness or automatically in images of 0. Read More

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October 2018

Using electromagnetic navigation for intraoperative rib fracture localization during rib plating: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 22;53:386-389. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX, United States; Department of Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: The precise localization of fractured ribs represents one of the primary challenges of surgical rib fixation. Computed tomography (CT) provides the facture's general location, but it is difficult to use the imaging alone to properly place a surgical incision. We used electromagnetic navigation to identify the exact location of the fracture on the patient's skin. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Mesh trimming and suture reconstruction for wound dehiscence after huge abdominal intercostal hernia repair: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 22;53:381-385. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery II, Hokkaido University Faculty School of Medicine, North 15 West 7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 0608638, Hokkaido, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Abdominal intercostal hernia repair for huge incisional hernia after thoracoabdominal surgery involves a complex anatomical structure. Hence, it is difficult to apply the laparoscopic approach to large hernias in the lateral upper abdomen. Further the optimal approach to mesh exposure without infection after incisional hernia repair is still controversial. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Cellular ciliary phenotyping indicates pathogenicity of novel variants in and confirms a Mainzer-Saldino syndrome diagnosis.

Cilia 2018 23;7. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

1Department of Human Genetics (855), Radboud University Medical Centre, PO-Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Mainzer-Saldino syndrome (MZSDS) is a skeletal ciliopathy and part of the short-rib thoracic dysplasia (SRTD) group of ciliary disorders. The main characteristics of MZSDS are short limbs, mild narrow thorax, blindness, and renal failure. Thus far, variants in two genes are associated with MZSDS: and . Read More

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February 2018

[Aggressive skin metastasis in lung cancer].

Tuberk Toraks 2018 Sep;66(3):249-252

Division of Intensive Care, Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey.

A fifty seven year old male patient was admitted to our clinic because of complaints of cough and sputum. Computed tomography revealed by a 36x25 mm mass on the lateral of the 7th left rib, a 50x52 mm mass on the right main bronchus, growing 40x34 mm lymph nodes on the carina and paratracheal, 60x42 mm mass on the right adrenal and extensive bone metastasis. Squamous cell carcinoma was diagnosed by performed bronchoscopic biopsy. Read More

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September 2018

Clinicopathological characteristics of costal hemangiomas: a case report and literature review.

J Int Med Res 2018 Nov 26:300060518809589. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

1 Department of Pathology, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea.

Bone hemangioma accounts for approximately 1% of all bone neoplasms and commonly occurs in the vertebral body and skull. However, costal hemangiomas are extremely rare. We herein present a case involving a 52-year-old woman with a hemangioma in the third rib and review 29 cases of rib hemangiomas available in the literature. Read More

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November 2018

Expansion Thoracoplasty for Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome Associated with Jarcho-Levin Syndrome.

JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2015 May 24;5(2):e12. Epub 2015 Jun 24.

Division of Orthopaedics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Wood Building, 2nd Floor, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104.

Introduction: Although surgical treatment of spondylothoracic dysplasia (STD) is controversial, we have found that an expansion thoracoplasty using a Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib (VEPTR; DePuy Synthes) results in favorable outcomes, including 100% survivability (at an average follow-up of 6.2 years), increased thoracic spinal length, and decreased requirements for ventilation support.

Step 1 Preoperative Preparation: Make anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of the spine. Read More

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May 2015
4 Reads

Esophageal Diameters in Children Correlated to Body Weight.

Eur J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Olga Hospital, Klinikum Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.

Introduction:  The development of stenoses after correction of an esophageal atresia or acid and lye burn of the esophagus are well-known problems in pediatric surgery. Currently, stenoses are treated in the majority of cases by repeated balloon dilatations. The diameter of the balloons used is not standardized; standard curves do not exist. Read More

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November 2018

Functional results of cervical rib resection for thoracic outlet syndrome: impact on professional activity.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Vascular surgery department- University Hospital Grenoble - France.

Objective: The aim of this study is to report long-term functional results following cervical rib (CR) resection for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS).

Methods: This monocentric study included all cases of resection of CR for TOS performed between January 2004 and December 2016. Data were retrospectively collected from the hospital electronic database including pre-operative symptoms and the evaluation of occupational well-being, intraoperative data, and early clinical evaluation and occupational well-being during the post-operative period. Read More

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November 2018

Endovascular Reconstruction of Subclavian Artery Aneurysms in Patients with Arterial Thoracic Outlet Syndrome.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Gonda Vascular Surgery Division, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine. Electronic address:

Introduction: Subclavian artery aneurysms associated with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) have traditionally been managed by open surgical reconstruction. Endovascular subclavian artery reconstruction is novel in the setting of arterial TOS (aTOS). Our objective is to report our results with endovascular subclavian artery reconstruction in arterial TOS patients over a ten-year period with attention to surgical approach and late results. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

APSS-ASJ Best Clinical Research Award: Is There a Difference between Patients' and Parents' Perception of Physical Appearance in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Asian Spine J 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Orthopaedic Centre of Excellence for Research and Learning, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Study Design: Prospective study.

Purpose: To compare patients' and parents' perceptions of physical attributes (PAs) of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and to report any correlations between their perceptions and Scoliosis Research Society-22r (SRS-22r) scores.

Overview Of Literature: Few studies have looked into the differences between patients' and parents' perceptions of their appearance. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Comparison of the use of lung ultrasound and chest radiography in the diagnosis of rib fractures: a systematic review.

Emerg Med J 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Welsh Centre in Emergency Medicine Research, Morriston Hospital, Swansea, UK.

Introduction: It is well-recognised that the detection of rib fractures is unreliable using chest radiograph. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate whether the use of lung ultrasound is superior in accuracy to chest radiography, in the diagnosis of rib fractures following blunt chest wall trauma.

Methods: The search filter was used for international online electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane and ScienceDirect, with no imposed time or language limitations. Read More

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November 2018

Accuracy of 3D surface scanners for clinical torso and spinal deformity assessment.

Med Eng Phys 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Paediatric Spine Research Group, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation at Centre for Children's Health Research, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address:

Externally visible deformities are cosmetic features of great concern for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients. Current assessment techniques for AIS do not fully encompass the external deformity. A non-invasive method capable of capturing superficial anatomy, such as 3D scanning, would enable better qualitative and quantitative evaluation of cosmesis. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Complex sternal and rib reconstruction with allogeneic material.

Arch Plast Surg 2018 Nov 15;45(6):593-597. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Tulsa Plastic Surgery, Tulsa, OK, USA.

Sternal malunion, or loss, developed after a median sternotomy cannot only be difficult to manage and treat, but also may diminish one's quality-of-life drastically. The technique presented here represents a multispecialty approach in one stage for the reconstruction of an unstable thoracic cage. The procedure utilized a donated sternum and ribs. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Optimization of roadway layout in ultra-close coal seams: A case study.

PLoS One 2018 21;13(11):e0207447. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Key Laboratory of Deep Coal Resource Mining, Ministry of Education of China, School of Mines, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou, China.

Most coal mines in China are currently mining close coal seams. Roadways in close coal seams, especially ultra-close coal seams, confronted difficulties in maintaining, including large deformation of the roadway, roof caving, rib spalling and floor heaving. This is mainly caused by the complicated stress and geological conditions, shattered roof, improper layout and support. Read More

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November 2018

Re: Rib fractures fixation: Always worthwhile?

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2018 Dec;85(6):1134-1135

Trauma, EGS, and Surgical Critical Care, The Ernest E. Moore Shock Trauma Center, Denver Health Medical Center Associate, Professor of Surgery University of Colorado, School of Medicine 777 Bannock Street, MC0206 Denver, CO 80204.

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December 2018
3 Reads

Genetic association between different criteria to define sexual precocious heifers with growth, carcass, reproductive and feed efficiency indicator traits in Nellore cattle using genomic information.

J Anim Breed Genet 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Departamento de Zootecnia, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, UNESP Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Jaboticabal, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for different precocious calving criteria and their relationship with reproductive, growth, carcass and feed efficiency in Nellore cattle using the single-step genomic BLUP. The reproductive traits used were probability of precocious calving (PPC) at 24 (PPC24), 26 (PPC26), 28 (PPC28) and 30 (PPC30) months of age, stayability (STAY) and scrotal circumference at 455 days of age (SC455). Growth traits such as weights at 240 (W240) and 455 (W455) days of age and adult weight (AW) were used. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Longterm Postoperative Hardware Complications after Open Rib Fixation.

Am Surg 2018 Aug;84(8):e317-e319

Department of Surgery, The Medical Center Navicent Health, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia, USA.

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A finite element study on intra-operative corrective forces and evaluation of screw density in scoliosis surgeries.

Proc Inst Mech Eng H 2018 Dec 19;232(12):1245-1254. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

1 School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.

Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine and rib cage, which may need surgical treatments. Most of the corrective maneuvers in scoliosis surgeries are based on surgeon's experience; hence, there is great interest of understanding how the correction ratio can be influenced by the magnitude of forces and moments. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop and validate a detailed finite element model of the thoracolumbar which can be used to simulate the scoliosis surgeries based on patient-specific clinical images. Read More

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December 2018

IFT80 Improves Invasion Ability in Gastric Cancer Cell Line via ift80/p75NGFR/MMP9 Signaling.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Nov 16;19(11). Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Molecular Medicine and Cancer Research Center, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.

The assembly and maintenance of cilia depend on intraflagellar transport (IFT) proteins, which play an important role in development and homeostasis. IFT80 is a newly defined IFT protein and partial mutation of IFT80 in humans causes diseases such as Jeune asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy (JATD) and short rib polydactyly (SRP) type III, both characterized by abnormal skeletal development. However, the role and mechanism of IFT80 in the invasion of gastric cancer is unknown. Read More

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November 2018

High Correlation Between Achieved and Expected Distraction Using Magnetically Controlled Growth Rods (MCGR) With Rib to Pelvis Fixation in Pediatric Spine Deformity.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Trauma, Orthopaedic and Plastic Surgery, University Medical Center Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany.

Purpose: Magnetically controlled implant systems have been established to treat severe progressive spinal deformity in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate (1) the ratio between achieved and expected distraction length, (2) the complication rate and its risk factors as well as (3) the correlation of the distraction length and the length of the spine.

Methods: A total of 40 patients with an average follow-up of 34 (14 to 57) months were prospectively included in the study. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads