860 results match your criteria Rhinoscleroma

A Case of Complicated Pneumonia Caused by Klebsiella ozaenae.

Cureus 2022 Mar 9;14(3):e23001. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

Communiy Care, Unnan City Hospital, Unnan, JPN.

, a subtype of ,causes chronic upper respiratory tract infections, such as rhinitis and rhinoscleroma, and can also cause lethal infections. We report the case of a patient who developed pneumonia caused by . An 87-year-old man presented to our hospital with fever and chills. Read More

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First report of rare persistence granulomatous extra respiratory Rhinoscleroma of oral pathology.

Microb Pathog 2022 Mar 17;164:105451. Epub 2022 Feb 17.

Department of Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis and Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Minia University, Egypt; Oral Medicine and Diagnosis, Department of Basic and Clinical Oral Science, College of Dentistry, Umm-Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia.

Rhinoscleroma (RS) is a rare chronic specific progressive granulomatous disease of the upper airway and affect the nasal cavity, larynx, nasopharynx and may spread to the lower respiratory tract. Extra-respiratory involvement has rarely been described. A case report of extra-respiratory RS with oral manifestation in Egyptian female patient has been presented as a tumour extruded from mucosal lining of upper lip. Read More

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Unusual Laryngotracheal Manifestation of Rhinoscleroma in a Pediatric Migrant Patient.

OTO Open 2021 Oct-Dec;5(4):2473974X211058677. Epub 2021 Nov 23.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

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November 2021

Penile Rhinoscleroma Masquerading as Penile Malignancy: A Case of Mistaken Identity.

Indian J Dermatol 2021 Jul-Aug;66(4):409-411

Department of Dermatology, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

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November 2021

The predictive value of nasolacrimal sac biopsy in endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 May 16;65:102317. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: During dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR), the lacrimal sac wall biopsy is not routinely performed in our hospital, but it is recommended if there is a suspicion of underlying disease other than preoperatively or intraoperatively chronic inflammation.

Objective: Most of patients with epiphora have different causes of nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO). This study aims to examine how important routine lacrimal sac biopsy is during endoscopic DCR surgery. Read More

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[Widespread of Scleroma. A rare clinical case].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2021 ;86(2):93-98

Peoples' Friendship University of Russian, Moscow, Russia.

Scleroma is a chronic infectious disease characterized by developing inflammation nye granulomas, mainly of the upper respiratory tract, with subsequent scarring. The reasons for the development of scleroma remain unclear, but it is generally accepted that the gram-negative coccal bacterium Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis (pas-Volkovich's loch - Frisch) is the causative agent of this disease. Endemic in the spread of scleroma is considered There are tropical and temperate zones such as Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, South America and Central America. Read More

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Algorithmic Approach to Fibroinflammatory Sinonasal Tract Lesions.

Head Neck Pathol 2021 Mar 15;15(1):120-129. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Pathology, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, 5601 De Soto Avenue, Woodland Hills, CA, 91365, USA.

Fibroinflammatory lesions of the sinonasal tract are one of the most common head and neck lesions submitted to surgical pathology. When the fibroinflammatory pattern represents the lesion (i.e. Read More

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Topical ciprofloxacin as treatment for rhinoscleroma in a series of 23 patients.

Clin Otolaryngol 2021 Jul 10;46(4):893-896. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of medicine, Tanta University, Egypt.

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Rebellious headache revealing an extensive rhinoscleroma: A case report and review of the literature.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Mar 10;63:102166. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

University Hospital Center Mohamed VI Oujda, Morocco.

and importance: this case report aimed at an unusual case of extensive rhinoscleroma with a literature review, We report this case to bring attention to the patients with immunodeficiency problem regardless of presenting symptoms. Case presentation: a 70 -year-old patient with diabetes and hypertension, consulted for chronic median and posterior headaches have not improved with symptomatic treatment. She reported cacosmia without rhinorrhea and right otalgia. Read More

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Peripheral Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Two Patients With Symptomatic Tracheal Masses: Perioperative Challenges.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2021 May 25;35(5):1524-1533. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA.

Tracheal tumors or masses causing critical airway obstruction require resection for symptom relief. However, the location and extent of these tumors or masses often preclude conventional general anesthesia and tracheal intubation. Peripheral cardiopulmonary bypass often is required before anesthetizing these patients. Read More

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Correlation Between Nasal and Laryngeal Lesions of Rhinoscleroma in Patients of Upper Egypt.

J Voice 2020 Aug 19. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Otolaryngology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

Introduction: Rhinoscleroma (RS) is a chronic granulomatous disease of URT caused by Klebsiella Rinoescleromatis. RS is considered endemic in Egypt. The nasal mucosa represents the primary region of occurrence. Read More

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Patient with nasal congestion, purulent discharge, facial pain and hyposmia.

Cytopathology 2020 11 22;31(6):624-626. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

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November 2020

Extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma with involvement of the bilateral submandibular lymph node mimicking a rhinoscleroma: a diagnostic challenge.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Feb 21;122(1):107-111. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Stomatology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, 250021 Jinan, Shandong Province, China.

Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKL) is a rare and aggressive tumor that can mimic inflammatory conditions and other tumors, and present a diagnostic challenge. We report a 57-year-old Chinese man previously misdiagnosed with rhinoscleroma. The patient had undergone multiple biopsies when the histopathological diagnosis of ENKL was made. Read More

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February 2021

Bilateral nasal nodules with supraciliary madarosis.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2020 Aug 18;45(6):775-779. Epub 2020 May 18.

Indushree Skin Clinic, Lucknow, India.

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[Tracheal rhinoscleroma].

Med Mal Infect 2020 10 8;50(7):623-624. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Service ORL et CCF, hôpital Habib-Thameur, Tunis, Tunisie. Electronic address:

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October 2020

Local immunity status of oropharynx in patients with scleroma

Wiad Lek 2019 Oct;72(10):1904-1908

Pirogov Regional Clinical Hospital, Vinnytsia, Ukraine

Introduction: Scleroma is a rare chronic granulomatous disease of the upper respiratory tract caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. rhinoscleromatis. To date its pathogenesis is as yet little understood. Read More

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October 2019

Nasal Polyps, Multifocal Laryngeal Masses, and Subglottic Stenosis in a Middle-aged Man.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 03;146(3):302-303

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, and MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC.

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Respiratory scleroma: A clinicopathologic study of 51 cases from Guatemala.

Oral Dis 2020 Apr 20;26(3):670-676. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

Centro Clínico de Cabeza y Cuello, Guatemala City, Guatemala.

Objectives: To evaluate clinical and pathologically cases of respiratory scleroma diagnosed in a 30-year period in Guatemala.

Material And Methods: Fifty-one cases of respiratory scleroma diagnosed from 1988 to 2018 in a single pathology service in Guatemala were confirmed using Warthin-Starry staining. Immunohistochemical reactions against CD68, LCA, CD20, CD3, and CD138 were performed to illustrate the inflammatory infiltrate. Read More

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Changes in the pattern of rhinoscleroma in Egypt: updated experience.

J Laryngol Otol 2019 Oct 19;133(10):879-883. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Department of Otolaryngology, Misr University for Science and Technology, Giza, Egypt.

Objective: This study aimed to record recent changes in the incidence and clinical and histopathological patterns of rhinoscleroma in the middle of Nile Delta in Egypt.

Method: Twenty-eight patients with rhinoscleroma were included in this study. Patients who were attending the Department of Otolaryngology at Tanta University Hospitals from January 2014 to January 2019 were included. Read More

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October 2019

A Myriad of Scleroma Presentations: The Usual and Unusual.

Head Neck Pathol 2020 Sep 16;14(3):588-592. Epub 2019 Sep 16.

Department of Otolaryngology, Alexandria University, 4 Kafr Abdou Street #605, Alexandria, 21529, Egypt.

To prospectively study a series of scleroma patients with a focus on socioeconomic status, clinical presentation, pathology, microbiology, and treatment. A total of 52 patients diagnosed with scleroma were included in the study. Demographic data of the patients were collected and clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic findings were analyzed. Read More

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September 2020

[Rhinoscleroma: a rare chronic infection of the nasal cavities].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 26;31:247. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Service ORL et Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale, CHU Habib Bourguiba, 3029 Sfax, Tunisie.

We report the case of a 80-year old hypertensive female patient, presenting with bilateral nasal obstruction not improved by symptomatic treatment. The examination of the nasal cavity showed pseudotumoral hypervascularized granulomatous bleeding lesion on both sides of the anterior portion of the nasal septum (A). The remainder of the septal mucosa showed granulomatous appearance. Read More

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September 2019

Report of a case of giant rhinoscleroma: CT and MRI.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 10;4(4):20180027. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Radiology, Kasr Elainy, Faculty of medicine, Cairo university, Giza, Egypt.

Rhinoscleroma is a chronic granulomatous bacterial infection caused by the gram-negative bacillus . It predominately involves the nasal cavities but it can also involve the rest of the upper respiratory tract. Hypertrophic stage of rhinoscleroma may cause large tumor masses which could mimic neoplasm. Read More

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December 2018

[Rhinoscleroma of the cavum with expression in cervical lymph nodes: about a case].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 12;30:116. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Service d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale, CHU Ibn Sina, Rabat, Maroc.

Rhinoscleroma is a specific granulomatous and chronic disorder with insidious evolution. It is causes by pathogen Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis. It mainly occurs in the nasal cavities and positive diagnosis is sometimes problematic. Read More

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November 2018

Long-term follow-up of repair of external nasal deformities in rhinoscleroma patients.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 26;46(12):2138-2143. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Otolaryngology Department, Tanta University, Egypt.

Introduction: Rhinoscleroma (RS) is a chronic, progressive, granulomatous infectious disease endemic in Egypt and the Middle East, affecting the nose in 95-100% of cases, and resulting in functional and esthetic sequelae. The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility of performing reconstructive procedures to improve external deformities in RS patients, with long-term follow up.

Patients & Methods: This prospective, controlled cohort study included 25 patients who were seeking rhinoplasty to improve their esthetic appearance, with evident clinical and histopathological history of RS. Read More

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December 2018

Rhinoscleroma: Report of an Erratic Palatal Swelling.

Contemp Clin Dent 2018 Sep;9(Suppl 2):S365-S368

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.

Clinicians come across cases of palatal swellings that present with ambiguous features. They may vary in their etiology from numerous infectious and noninfectious causes to a wide array of neoplasms. Accurate diagnosis of such lesions is vital for their prompt and precise management. Read More

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September 2018


Arch Pathol Lab Med 2018 12 31;142(12):1533-1536. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

From the Department of Pathology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois (Dr Umphress); and the Department of Pathology, Kaiser Permanente Santa Clara, California (Dr Raparia).

Context.—: Rhinoscleroma is a rare, chronic, infectious granulomatous process involving the upper respiratory tract caused by gram-negative bacilli, Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis. The site most commonly affected is the nasopharynx; however, lesions in various other locations have been described. Read More

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December 2018

Rhinoscleroma: An Unusual Presentation.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 May-Jun;9(3):191-193

Consultant Dermatologist and Dermatopathologist, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Rhinoscleroma is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis. It commonly affects the nasal cavity and nasopharynx, but it can also involve the larynx, trachea, bronchi, middle ear, and orbit. We are reporting a rare presentation of rhinoscleroma in a middle-aged female patient involving the lips and gums. Read More

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Social geography of Rhinoscleroma and qualitatively and quantitatively abnormal cell-mediated immunity.

Infect Genet Evol 2018 08 22;62:17-19. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

Rhinoscleroma is a progressive chronic granulomatous disease of the upper respiratory tract that may extend to the tracheobronchial tract. It is common belief that the pathology is determined by Klebsiella Rhinoscleromatis. In the authors' opinion, the infection with Klebsiella Rhinoscleromatis may not represent the only etiopathogenic factor of the disease. Read More

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Rhinoscleroma pathogenesis: The type K3 capsule of Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis is a virulence factor not involved in Mikulicz cells formation.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 01 30;12(1):e0006201. Epub 2018 Jan 30.

Molecular Microbial Pathogenesis Unit, Department of Cell Biology and Infection, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

Rhinoscleroma is a human specific chronic granulomatous infection of the nose and upper airways caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. rhinoscleromatis. Although considered a rare disease, it is endemic in low-income countries where hygienic conditions are poor. Read More

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January 2018