898 results match your criteria Revista de Medicina de la Universidad de Navarra[Journal]


[The interests of the medical class].

Authors:
A Pardo

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Jul-Sep;53(3):17-9

Departamento de Humanidades Biomédicas, Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
3 Reads

[Treatment to conserve fertility in a patient diagnosed with deep pelvic endometriosis].

Authors:
M García Manero

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Jul-Sep;53(3):15-6

Departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Navarra.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
2 Reads

[Treatment for endometriosis].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Jul-Sep;53(3):12-4

Departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Navarra.

Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus, which induced a chronic inflammatory reaction. Endometriosis is associated with severe dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, ovulation pain, cyclical, or perimenstrual symptoms, with or without abnormal bleeding, infertility, and chronic fatigue. Therapies can be useful to relieve and sometimes solve the symptoms, encourage fertility, eliminate endometrial lesions, and restore the anatomy of the pelvis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
4 Reads

[Basic research into endometriosis. Are we going in the right direction?].

Authors:
M García Manero

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Jul-Sep;53(3):10-1

Departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Navarra.

Endometriosis is a common gynaecological syndrome of unknown aetiology. The most widely accepted hypothesis for the development of endometriosis is retrograde menstruation. However, some other factor renders certain women susceptible to the implantation and growth of ectopic endometrium. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
3 Reads

[Diagnosis of endometriosis].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Jul-Sep;53(3):6-9

Departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Navarra.

There are no sufficiently sensitive and specific signs and symptoms or diagnostic tests for the clinical diagnosis of endometriosis, and no diagnostic strategy is supported by evidence of effectiveness. Pelvic and rectal examinations should be performed, although the yield of the physical examination is low. Laboratory tests and radiological examinations are usually not warranted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
5 Reads

Ultrasound study of the myoendometrial border.

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Jul-Sep;53(3):3-5

Reproductive Medicine, Nuova Villa Claudia Clinic, Via Flaminia Nuova 280, Rome, Italy.

Abnormal thickening of the Endometrial Subendometrial Myometrium Unit (ESEMy Unit, including basal endometrium and inner myometrium) has been detected on imaging and referred to as "diffuse adenomyosis" in infertile patients with proven endometriosis. However, no robust relationship exists between enlargement of the ESEMy Unit and adenomyosis proven on hysterectomy specimen examination; moreover, if any correlation exists, it lacks histological validation in women wishing to preserve fertility. While adenomyosis effects on fertility, if any, remain elusive, thickening of the ESEMy Unit have been consistently linked to fertility impairment in both experimental and clinical models. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
2 Reads

[Medicine and religion].

Authors:
R Pellitero

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Apr-Jun;53(2):20-2

Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Facultad de Teologia, Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
3 Reads

[Proposal for a new microsurgical model for the study of induced endometriosis in Wistar rats. Preliminary results].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Apr-Jun;53(2):14-9

Universidad de Zaragoza.

The current knowledge status on the patogenesis of endometriosis as well as devastating consequences of disease evolution in women's reproductive health, have promoted researchers advances in a great manner during last years. The immunologic and neangiogenesis systems implication have opened new ways of knowledge over classic theories from the beginning of the xx century. The experimental resesearch, using animal induction models. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
2 Reads

[Angiogenesis and endometriosis].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Apr-Jun;53(2):8-13

Departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Clínica Universidad de Navarra.

Endometriosis is a common gynaecological disease of unknown aetiology. Angiogenesis appears to be one of the processes involved in its pathogenesis. Angiogenic factors are increased in the peritoneal fluid of patients with endometriosis (McLaren 1996 et al; Taylor et al, 2002), in peritoneal implants (Ferriani et al, 1993) and in ovarian endometriomas. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
3 Reads

[Endometriosis].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Apr-Jun;53(2):4-7

Departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Clínica Universidad de Navarra.

Endometriosis is a common gynaecological disease of unknown aetiology which affects an estimated 10% to 15% of all premenopausal women. It is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue, consisting of both glandular epithelium and stroma, outside the uterine cavity. Three different clinical entities of endometriosis can be distinguished: peritoneal endometriosis, ovarian endometriosis and deep invasive endometriosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
3 Reads

[Endometriosis].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2009 Apr-Jun;53(2)

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2010
3 Reads

[New developments in the surgical treatment of breast cancer].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2008 Jan-Mar;52(1):51-5

Cirugía General y Digestiva, Area de Patología Mamaria, Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, Avda. Pío XII.

Adecuate surgical treatment is mandatory in order to achieve cure in patients with breast cancer. Breast surgeons have to choice the best surgical technique over the breast and over the axillary nodes. Two new surgical aproaches have been implemented in the last decade: oncoplastic conservative surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2008
2 Reads

[Hormonal therapy in breast cancer].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2008 Jan-Mar;52(1):40-8

Area de tumores ginecológicos y de mama, Departamento de Oncología, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Navarra, Pamploma.

Hormonal therapy has been the first systemic treatment against breast cancer. Up to now Tamoxifen and ovarian supression/ablation were the best optionts we had to treat early breast cancer as advancer disease. The advent of aromatase inhibitors, new SERMS and antistrogen Fulvestrant have supoused a great advance in the treatment of this disease and at the same time have complicated the election of the optimal drug for each patient. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2008
3 Reads

[Evaluation of the contralateral breast with magnetic resonance in patients with newly diagnosed unilateral breast cancer].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2008 Jan-Mar;52(1):37-9

Departamento de Radiología, Clínica Universitaria--Universidad de Navarra, C/Pío XII, 36 31008 Pamplona.

Breast Magnetic Resonance (BMR) imaging is a useful tool in the evaluation of breast cancer before surgical treatment. BMR imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of the extension of the malignant lesions, and the study of multifocality and multicentricity. BMR may have a role in the detection of synchronous contralateral breast cancer that is occult to conventional imaging methods (mammography and ultrasonography). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2008
5 Reads

[Radiotherapy in breast cancer: standards and new directions, accelerated partial breast irradiation].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2008 Jan-Mar;52(1):25-36

Departamento de Oncología Radioterápica, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Radiotherapy as a part of the breast cancer treatment has evolved in the last decades. Post-mastectomy radiotherapy produces a substantial reduction in the risk of local recurrence as well as a moderate, but definitive reduction in long-term breast cancer mortality in women at high risk of locoregional failure. Whole-breast irradiation, as part of breast-conservation therapy, has well-established results with good cosmesis, and low toxicity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2008
2 Reads

[Breast cancer during pregnancy].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2008 Jan-Mar;52(1):18-24

Departamento de Radiología, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

As women in western countries delay childbearing, it has been hypothesized that the incidence of breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy will increase. Breast carcinoma during pregnancy(BCP) put the health of the mother in conflict with that of the fetus. The aim is to give optimal treatment to the mother to maximise the chances of survival, whilst minimising the risk of harm of the fetus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2008
3 Reads

[New horizons in breast surgery. Radioguided surgery and selective sentinel node biopsy].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2008 Jan-Mar;52(1):13-7

Departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Clínica Universitaria. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

Although needle-wire localization is the most commonly used localization technique for nonpalpable breast lesion biopsy, the technique of radioguided occult lesion localization (ROLL), is becoming increasingly used for open-surgery diagnosis in such cases. Sentinel lymph node biopsy(SLNB) is based on the hypothesis that lymphatic drainage from a tumor reaches the sentinel node(SLN) first and that it can be identified accurately and removed. If SLN exactly reflects the lymph-node status, a negative SLN for metastasis might allow complete axillary lymph node dissection (ALDN) to be avoided. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2008
2 Reads

[Positron emission tomography in breast cancer].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2008 Jan-Mar;52(1):4-12

Servicio de Medicina Nuclear, Clínica Universitaria, Avenida Pío XII, 36 31008 Pamplona.

PET18FDG is an imaging diagnostic technique that shows changes in glycolitic metabolism that appear at a very early phases in the tumoral process. The main limitation of PET in breast cancer is the detection of small tumor lesions and axillary micrometastases. However it offers important information in the staging of high risk patients, in clinical relapse or in therapeutic evaluation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2008
2 Reads

[Breast cancer].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2008 Jan-Mar;52(1)

Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2008
3 Reads

[The new lepers].

Authors:
A Pardo

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Oct-Dec;51(4):42-4

Departamento de Humanidades Biomédicas, Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2008
3 Reads

[Treatment of antiphospholipid syndrome].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Oct-Dec;51(4):38-41

Servicio de Hematología, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a disorder of recurrent thrombosis and/or pregnancy loss associated with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies and persistently positive lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin or anti beta2-glycoprotein1. Oral anticoagulants are the best available and most effective treatment for the secondary prevention of recurrent venous or arterial thrombosis. Patients with APS are treated with long-term therapy to prolong the INR to 2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2008
4 Reads

[Fourth branchial cyst within the thyrohyoid membrane: a difficult differential diagnosis with mixed laryngocele].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Oct-Dec;51(4):34-7

Servicio de Radiología, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

We present a case of a 62-year-old female patient with a right latero-cervical mass and an enlarged arytenoepiglottic fold, that caused voice disturbances. Computed tomography of the neck depicted an unilocular and homogeneous well-defined cyst located in the right parapharyngeal space that extended through the thyrohyoid membrane. It was initially diagnosed of mixed laryngocele. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2008
4 Reads

[Radiotherapy for lung cancer. Integration with chemotherapy].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Oct-Dec;51(4):13-33

Servicio de Radioterapia, Departamento de Oncología, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

The combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in lung cancer (locally advanced non-small and small cell) may offer the benefits of radiotherapy in terms of local control and those of chemotherapy in terms of reducing metastatic dissemination of the disease. Several randomized studies have showed that radical radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy improves the survival of these patients at the expense of an increase in toxicity. The technological development and the improvements in software have allowed the introduction of new linear accelerators and a three-dimensional planning system with the intention of delivering higher irradiation doses in the tumor target, and minimizing the dose in adjacent normal tissues (lung, heart, esophagus and spinal cord). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2008
4 Reads

[Osteoporosis: diagnosis or sign of suspicion?].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Oct-Dec;51(4):9-11

Departamento de Endocrinología y Nutrición,. Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra.

Purpose: We present the case of a fifty-year-old male who presented at the Neurology Service. During the previous months he had noticed progressive cognitive deterioration, and particularly a loss of memory and executive abilities, as well as proximal weakness of the four limbs and lumbar tenderness. He had lost ten centimetres of height. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2008
3 Reads

[Medical students' knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Oct-Dec;51(4):3-8

Facultad de Medicina (40 curso), Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

Objectives: To evaluate cardiovascular risk factor awareness among medical students at the University of Navarra.

Material And Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study including 334 students of the 1st, 4th and 6th year. They answered an anonymous structured questionnaire, and the results were analyzed using SPSS 11. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2008
3 Reads

[Solitary focal tracheal lesions. A case report].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jul-Sep;51(3):26-8

Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, España.

We present a case of adenoid cystic tracheal carcinoma detected by computerized tomography (64-MDCT) with cyto-histological correlation in a patient with hemoptysis. In this article we review the differential diagnosis of solitary focal tracheal lesions as they appear in computerized tomography (CT). In this case, image methods suggested the diagnosis but underestimated the tracheal wall invasion, which was established by histologycal examination of the resected tumor. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2008
4 Reads

[Animal experimentation].

Authors:
Antonio Pardo

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jul-Sep;51(3):23-5

Departamento de Humanidades Biomédicas, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2008
5 Reads

[Pseudomeigs syndrome in a patient with Krukenberg's tumor].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jul-Sep;51(3):19-22

Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

We report the case of a fiftyone-year-old woman with a past medical history of Linfoma no Hodking and a gastric adenocarcinoma with signet ring cells. She came to our institution with a twenty month history of dysnea secondary to pleural effussion, bilateral lower extremity edema and probably had ascitis. On CT and US two bilateral pelvic masses were found and biopsied. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2008
4 Reads

[Efficiency and mitochondrial metabolism: an etiological axis for obesity?].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jul-Sep;51(3):13-8

Departamento de Ciencias de la Alimentación, Fisiología y Toxicología, Universidad de Navarra.

Obesity, an increasing prevalent disease, appears as a consequence of an energetic umbalance that might be related to the efficiency of the cellular energetic machinery involving the mitochondria. In this organelle takes place the oxidative phosphorylation, that ends with the transformation of the nutrients to energy and the ATP production. During this process, free radicals of high oxidative power maybe blocked by endogenous antioxidants like the glutathion, in collaboration with the contribution of antioxidants supplied by the diet. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2008
4 Reads

[Neuroradiologic findings of glutaric aciduria type I].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jul-Sep;51(3):9-12

Servicio de Radiología, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

Glutaric aciduria type I is a rare disorder of organic acid metabolism caused by deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase, a mitochondrial enzyme. Improper degeneration of amino acids: tryptophan, lysine, and hydroxylysine, results in increased levels of glutaric acid, which typically becomes clinically manifest as an acute dystonic crisis in young children. Accumulation of glutaric acid causes neurotoxicity in the basal ganglia and fronto-temporal cortex which can lead to progressive dystonia, hypotonia, permanently impaired speech and seizures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2008
2 Reads

[Dual-source CT coronary angiography].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jul-Sep;51(3):4-8

Servicio de Radiología, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has been demonstrated to be a very useful technique to non-invasively study coronary arteries. Despite the high spatial and temporal resolution of 64-slice MDCT scanners, this technique has several limitations. Dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) allows to study coronary arteries with excellent diagnostic quality in all subjects independent of the heart rate, thus avoiding the use of beta-blockers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2008
5 Reads

[The clinic-pathological study of the lesion. Meeting point in medicine].

Authors:
M A Idoate

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jul-Sep;51(3)

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2008
3 Reads

[Giving bad news in medicine: an exploratory study].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Apr-Jun;51(2):28-31

Psicóloga, Departamento de Bioética y Humanidades Médicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Providencia.

Unlabelled: Giving bad news is inherent to the practice of medicine. Development of guidelines for this task has great value, although the orientations are only general and should be adapted to each case, allowing for the cultural idiosyncrasy of the people involved.

Objectives: the present study aims to explore common practices of giving bad news in different hospital services in Santiago-Chile. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2007
3 Reads

[A 38-year-old male smoker with cutaneous exanthem and dyspnea].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Apr-Jun;51(2):26-7

Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa de Zaragoza.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2007
3 Reads

[Unusual and fatal type of burn injury: hot air sauna burn].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Apr-Jun;51(2):21-5

Dpto. de Cirugía Plástica, Estética y Reparadora, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

Sauna bathing is a popular recreational activity in Finland and is generally considered safe even for pregnant women and patients suffering from heart problems; but mixing alcohol with sauna bathing can be hazardous. In the normal Finnish recreational sauna the temperature is usually between 80 and 90 degrees C. A wide variety of burn injuries, in all age groups, are related to sauna bathing; scalds and contact burns account for over 85% while hot air, steam and flame burns for only 15%. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2007
3 Reads

[Stem cells and cancer: elucidating the origin of the cancer stem cell].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Apr-Jun;51(2):14-7

Departamento de Oncología y Radioterapia, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

Stem cell therapy is currently at the frontier of biomedical research. A considerable volume of evidence indicates that cancer stem cells are responsible for the development of different types of tumors. Malignant transformation of stem cells may be due to the loss of normal asymmetric division processes, cell fusion, microenviromental factors, generic and epigenetic mechanisms or carcinogenics already implicated in cancer development. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2007
2 Reads

[Small-cell lung cancer].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Apr-Jun;51(2):7-13

Departamento de Oncología, Cínica Universítaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

Small cell lung cancer is one of the most aggressive solid tumors because of its rapid growth and early tendency to spread to distant organs. Nonetheless, it is also one of the most sensitive tumors to chemotherapy and radiotherapy, which can give patients with limited disease a chance to become long-term survivors. These characteristics have made this tumor a clinical model to explore various treatment strategies, including concomitant chemotherapy and radiotherapy, alternant chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy with hematologic support, or use of whole-brain prophylactic radiotherapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2007
4 Reads

[Intestinal pneumatosis and portomesenteric gas: a case review].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Apr-Jun;51(2):3-6

Servicio de Radiologia, Clínica Universitaria, Univesidad de Navarra, Pamplona.

Intestinal pneumatosis (presence of gas in the intestinal wall and in the portomeseteric veins) is an infrequent clinical situation that has been associated with extended bowel necrosis and fatal outcome. However, there are other reasons that can justify these findings without such an outcome. Recent advances in diagnostic imaging techniques, especially multislice computerized tomography (MSCT), have allowed precise and quick diagnosis of these entities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2007
3 Reads

[The dignity of the frozen human embryo].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jan-Mar;51(1):30-2

Departamento de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de La Rioja, Logroño.

Purpose: The issue of the dignity of the human embryo is one of the key questions in bioethics debate today. The human being's dignity lies in the original and unique individuality that every embryo has. If there is no respect and defense of the human body from the very first moment of its appearance, it is impossible to assert the dignity of any human being. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2007
3 Reads

[From the head to the feet].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jan-Mar;51(1):28-9

Hospital de Basurto, Bilbao.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2007
2 Reads

[Antiplatelets and anticoagulants in acute coronary syndromes: levels of evidence].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jan-Mar;51(1):23-7

Servicio de Hematología, Clínica Universitaria. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, España

Management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has moved rapidly in parallel with our understanding of the pathophysiological basis of the disease. In the eighties, the demonstration of the pivotal role of coronary thrombosis in the etiology of a ACS led to administration of aspirin and unfractionated heparin. In recent years, new medical and invasive therapies have been developed: anti-platelets (thienopyridines and glycoprotein Ilb/IlIa inhibitors), antithrombins (low molecularweight heparins) and most recently, factor Xa inhibitors (pentasaccharides). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2007
4 Reads

[Management of subclinical hyperthyroidism].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jan-Mar;51(1):18-22

Departamento de Endocrinologia y Nutrición, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, España.

Management of subclinical hyperthyroidism (low TSH and normal thyroid hormones) is controversial. Knowledge of its causes, clinical context and associated morbidity is required. It is recommended to follow six steps in exploration and treatment: 1) confirmation, 2) estimation of severity, 3) cause assessment, 4) study of complications, 5) balance whether treatment is needed and 6) if necessary, choice of the most appropriate form. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2007
4 Reads

[Diagnosis and management of deep venous thrombosis].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jan-Mar;51(1):13-7

Servicio de Hematología, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, España.

Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common condition that can lead to complications such as postphlebitic syndrome, pulmonary embolism and death. Currently, an algorithm strategy combining pretest probability, D-dimer testing and compression ultrasonography imaging allows for safe and convenient estimation of suspected lower-limb thrombosis. The mainstay of treatment is anticoagulation therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2007
4 Reads

[Anemia in chronic lymphatic leukemia: is erythropoietin the solution?].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2007 Jan-Mar;51(1):3-10

Servicio de Hematología y Hemoterapia, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, España.

Anemia is a common complication in the clinical course of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Low hemoglobin levels both correlate with an adverse prognosis and adversely affect the quality of life of chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients. Different physiopathological phenomena may lead to anemia: marrow infiltration, hypersplenism, immune hemolysis or toxicity of chemotherapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2007
3 Reads

[Innovations in food processing: nonthermal methods].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2006 Oct-Dec;50(4):71-4

Departamento de Nutrición, Bromatología y Tecnología de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense.

Consumers' desires for foods that are minimally preserved and processed are encouraging the development of new methods for the inactivation of micro-organisms in foods. Non-thermal processes (such as high hydrostatic pressure, ultrasound, irradiation, high intensity pulsed electric fields, oscillating magnetic fields and light pulses) can be used for the inactivation of food-spoilage micro-organisms without affecting the quality of the food. While the efficacy of many of these methods was demonstrated many years ago, technological advances are only now beginning to make possible their commercial exploitation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2007
6 Reads

[New challenges in basic and applied nutrition].

Authors:
A Palou

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2006 Oct-Dec;50(4):62-70

Laboratorio de Biología Molecular, Nutrición y Biotecnología (Nutrigenómica), Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca.

The quality standards for nutrition and food have undergone major changes during recent years in parallel with the increase in scientific knowledge in the area of food and health. Trends in consumer demands are changing accordingly. While during the last century our concerns were firstly focused on ensuring the availability of basic foods and later on ensuring its safety, nowadays our society is concentrating on improving wellbeing and, particularly, on tackling and preventing the major chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, diverse types of cancer, osteoporosis and autoimmune diseases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2007
3 Reads

[Prevention of childhood osteoporosis].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2006 Oct-Dec;50(4):56-61

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Sevilla, Jefe de la Sección de Gastroenterología, Hospital Virgen Macarena, Sevilla.

Bone mineralization depends on genetic, nutritional, endocrine, metabolic and mechanical factors. Dairy products form the major source of dietary calcium and vitamin D, both of which are essential for optimal bone mineralization. Osteoporosis is defined as a reduction in bone mass; it is exacerbated by malnutrition, low weight, poor intake of vitamin D and calcium and lack of physical exercise. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2007
3 Reads

[Dietary interview: a useful tool for data collection].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2006 Oct-Dec;50(4):46-55

Programa d'Alimentació i Nutrició, Departament de Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya.

Dietary interview is a very useful tool in the process of evaluating the nutritional state of a person and, of course, in the process of dietary counseling, particularly in the case of patients suffering from chronic conditions. The complexity of gathering information at individual or population level requires different models of questionnaires and tools to enhance the identification of the data collected. The current paper is based on the consensus document about dietary interview, made by a working group created during the 1st Meeting of the Spanish Dietitians' and Nutritionists' Association held in Barcelona 2002. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2007
4 Reads

[Community nutrition].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2006 Oct-Dec;50(4):39-45

Unidad de Nutrición Comunitaria, Servicio Municipal de Salud Pública, Bilbao.

A growing body of scientific and epidemiological evidence indicates that diet and health are related: diet may be a risk factor or have potential protective effects. As a consequence, the focus of nutrition research has experienced a shift towards qualitative aspects of diet which could influence chronic disease, longevity, quality of life and physical and cognitive performance, leading to the development of Community Nutrition. The main undertakings in a Community Nutrition Unit are related to the identification, assessment and monitoring of nutrition problems at the community level and to planning, design, implementation and evaluation of nutrition intervention programs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2007
3 Reads

[Obesity and functional foods: are the new ingredients and products effective?].

Rev Med Univ Navarra 2006 Oct-Dec;50(4):31-8

Sociedad Española de Dietética y Ciencias de la Alimentación.

According to WHO data, obesity and overweight have reached the level of a world-wide epidemic: more than one billion adults are overweight, and at least three hundred million of them are obese. Obesity is associated with the main chronic diseases of our time. Obesity can reduce the life expectancy by 10 years and in Spain it is calculated that the health care costs account for 7% of the total. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2007
2 Reads