2,866 results match your criteria Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira 1992[Journal]


Violence and sexually transmitted infections in pregnancy.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):475-484. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Post-Graduation in Medical Sciences, University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Objective: To synthesize the knowledge produced in studies about the association between violence and STI during pregnancy.

Methods: In this systematic review, we conducted basic activities of identification, compilation, and registration of the trials. The instruments of data collection were studies that investigated, explicitly, relationships between violence, gestation, and STI, from July 2012 to July 2017, using PubMed, Cochrane Library, SciELO, and LILACS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.475DOI Listing

Uremic neuropathy: an overview of the current literature.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):469-474. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Integrated Clinical Discussions, ABC Medical School, Santo André, SP, Brasil.

Introduction: Peripheral neuropathy is a disorder that affects the cell body, axon or myelin of motor or peripheral sensory neurons and occurs in 60-100% of patients who are submitted to dialysis due to chronic kidney disease. Uremic neuropathy (UN) is attributed to the accumulation of organic waste, evident in patients with reduced glomerular filtration rate.

Objectives: This review aims to make clinical characteristics of uremic neuropathy evident enabling early diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.469DOI Listing
March 2019
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Systemic dissemination of glioblastoma: literature review.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):460-468. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Radiology and Oncology, Division of Radiation Oncology, Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo (Icesp), Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil.

Introduction: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most frequent primary malignant tumor from the central nervous system in adults. However, the presence of systemic metastasis is an extremely rare event. The objective of this study was to review the literature, evaluating the possible biological mechanisms related to the occurrence of systemic metastasis in patients diagnosed with GBM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.460DOI Listing

Rational use of diagnostic tests for clinical decision making.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):452-459. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Health Technology Assessment Unit, Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz - São Paulo - SP - Brasil.

Objective: To assist clinicians to make adequate interpretation of scientific evidence from studies that evaluate diagnostic tests in order to allow their rational use in clinical practice.

Methods: This is a narrative review focused on the main concepts, study designs, the adequate interpretation of the diagnostic accuracy data, and making inferences about the impact of diagnostic testing in clinical practice.

Results: Most of the literature that evaluates the performance of diagnostic tests uses cross-sectional design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.452DOI Listing

Investigation of the effect of the virtual reality application on experimental pain severity in healthy.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):446-451. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Nursing, Sakarya University Faculty of Health Sciences, Sakarya, Turkey.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of virtual reality application on experimental ischemic pain created with a blood pressure instrument in healthy volunteers.

Methods: The research sample consisted of 172 volunteer adult students who conformed to the inclusion criteria. These individuals were assigned into an experimental (n=86) and a control group (n=86) by a simple randomization method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.446DOI Listing

Most common histopathological patterns of the Minas Gerais Association of the Centers of Nephrology.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):441-445. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

MD, Nephrologist, MSc in Science from Unifesp, São Paulo/ São João de Deus Hospital - Brasil.

Introduction: We analyzed the distribution and frequency of glomerular diseases in patients biopsied between 1992 and 2016 in centers that make up the AMICEN (Minas Gerais Association of Nephrology Centers).

Methods: We analyzed the biopsy reports of patients from 9 AMICEN nephrology centers. We took note of their age, gender, ultrasound use, post-biopsy resting time, whether the kidney was native or a graft, number of glomeruli and indication for the biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.441DOI Listing
March 2019
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The positive impact of physical activity on the reduction of anxiety scores: a pilot study.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):434-440. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Professor of the Medical Program of the Metropolitan Institute of Higher Education/IMES - Univaço, Ipatinga, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

Objectives: To compare anxiety scores between physical activity practitioners and sedentary, men and women and to relate them to physical activity frequency and age.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a sample of 256 regular aerobic physical activity practitioners was compared to a sample of 256 sedentary individuals (control group). Anxiety scores were quantified by Anxiety Inventory Spielberger State-Trait (STAI). Read More

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March 2019
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Metastasis from glioblastoma multiforme: a meta-analysis.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):424-433. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Chairman of the Program of Postgraduation in Neurooncology of the Teaching and Research Institute at Hospital Sirio-Libanês, São Paulo, SP.

Objective: Extracranial metastases of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are rare due to the short survival experienced by the patients. Therefore, the natural history of GBM metastases remains elusive. The identification of clinical factors promoting GBM metastases may help elucidate the mechanisms of tumor cell invasion in the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.424DOI Listing
March 2019
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Reality of premature ovarian failure in Argentina.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):419-423. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Argentinian Society of Gynecological and Reproductive Endocrinology, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Premature Ovarian Insufficiency is defined as a decline in ovarian function that is accompanied by two biochemical determinations of Follicle Stimulating Hormone in hypergonadotropic values, in addition to low levels of circulating estrogens in women under 40 years old. Although some of its possible etiologies are recognized and diagnosed, most of the time, its cause remains unknown. It is a pathology with medical, psychological, and reproductive implications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.419DOI Listing
March 2019
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Gravity of the non-authorized use of substances not intended for clinical use in invasive aesthetic procedures: the portuguese case.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):410-418. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Doctorate in Social Sciences (specialized in Public Administration), Technical University of Lisbon (UTL), Lisbon, Portugal.

Introduction: There is a worldwide increase in the number of invasive aesthetic procedures, and there is a general apprehension in medical societies towards the assurance of patient safety, that is dependent on the quality and certification of providers, of the materials and substances used, and where they take place.It is the main objective of this study to determine the perception of the gravity of non-authorized substances for clinical use in invasive aesthetic procedures among Portuguese plastic surgeons and its variation by the clinical sector of practice.

Methods: We proceeded to an inquiry by using a questionnaire, measured in a Linkert scale, and the collected data were statistically treated with a non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.410DOI Listing

Id-1 expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and its clinical significance.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):404-409. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Pathology First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University, Zhangjiakou 075000, China.

Background: This study aims to investigate the expression of Id-1 in human colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and explore its correlation with the clinical pathological parameters of colorectal cancer.

Methods: The Id-1 mRNA and protein expression levels of 50 specimens of normal colorectal tissues and 50 specimens of colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues were detected using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot. Furthermore, Id-1 protein was detected using immunohistochemistry. Read More

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March 2019
2 Reads

Non-pharmacological motor-cognitive treatment to improve the mental health of elderly adults.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):394-403. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Postgraduate Faculty Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile.

Objective: To propose a program of physical-cognitive dual task and to measure its impact in Chilean institutionalized elderly adults.

Method: Experimental design study with pre and post-intervention evaluations, measuring the cognitive and depressive levels by means of the Pfeiffer test and the Yesavage scale, respectively. The program was applied for 12 weeks to adults between 68 and 90 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.394DOI Listing
March 2019
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Positive outcomes of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor on histopathologic and biochemical changes induced by ureteral obstruction.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):388-393. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Biochemistry, Ordu University Faculty of Medicine, Ordu, Turkey.

Objectives: We examined the effects of tadalafil, one of the phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors, in a rat model of with partial and complete unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO).

Methods: The rats were divided into 5 groups: sham (n=6), partial unilateral ureteral obstruction (PUUO, n=6), PUUO with tadalafil treatment (PUUO+T; Cialis, 10 mg/72 h, intragastric; Lilly, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA), complete unilateral ureteral obstruction (CUUO, n=6), and CUUO with tadalafil treatment (CUUO+T).

Results: Fifteen days after the UUO, the ureter presented changes in the layers of urothelium and significant infiltration of inflammatory cells in the PUUO and CUUO groups. Read More

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Effects of eccentric exercise in pressure pain threshold in subjects with functional ankle equinus condition.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):384-387. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

School of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Stretching exercises are widely used by the population before sporting activities. One of the most common technique is eccentric exercise. Here, we made a clinical examination of 98 subjects with equinus condition before activity and after 30 min of running (49 participants with previous eccentric exercise and 49 with no previously eccentric exercise). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.384DOI Listing
March 2019
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Sleep disorders in polycystic ovary syndrome: influence of obesity and hyperandrogenism.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):375-383. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Psychobiology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the sleep of subjects with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), with and without hyperandrogenism, in comparison with a healthy control group and examine the effects of hyperandrogenism and obesity on sleep parameters.

Methods: A total of 44 volunteers were recruited to participate in the study. Clinical, biochemical and polysomnographic parameters were used to diagnose PCOS and hyperandrogenism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.375DOI Listing
March 2019
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Subtar arthroscopic debridment for the treatment of sinus tarsi syndrome: case series.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):370-374. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Federal University of São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Objective: The objective of this study is to report the results of arthroscopic debridement of the subtalar joint in eight patients with Sinus Tarsi Syndrome (STS) refractory to conservative treatment.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of eight patients with STS who underwent subtalar arthroscopy for debridement of the sinus tarsi between January 2015 and January 2017 after six months of conservative treatment. All patients answered an epidemiological questionnaire and underwent functional evaluation with the Visual Analogue Pain Scale (VAS) and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) in the preoperative and in the last evaluation (average of 12 months - 6-24 months). Read More

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Increased levels of plasma IL-1b and BDNF can predict resistant depression patients.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):361-369. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Background: There is no strong evidence on the link between inflammatory profile and pattern of drug treatment response in depressive patients that could result in Coronary Artery Disease occurrence.

Objective: This study aimed to compare the subclinical atherosclerosis markers, inflammatory profile, and BDNF production in Resistant Depression (RD) or Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD) patients under conventional treatment.

Methods: The population evaluated was comprised of 34 RD, 43 BAD, and 41 controls. Read More

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March 2019
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An anterior neurovascular interval approach to coronal shear fractures of the distal humerus: a prospective clinical study with short- to mid-term follow-up.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):355-360. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Emergency Center of Trauma, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050051, China.

Object: To explore the treatment effect of the anterior medial neurovascular interval approach to coronal shear fractures of the distal humerus.

Methods: This prospective study included two female patients who were 30-64 years old, with a mean age of 47 years. Fractures were caused by falling from a bicycle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.355DOI Listing
March 2019
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Attitudes and experiences during training and professional expectations in generation-y surgical residents.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):348-354. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, United States.

Background: Residency programs, especially in surgery, have been undergoing constant changes. The profile of residents in surgical fields is changing too since residents are now part of the Generation Y (Millenials). This change in profile mandates a re-evaluation to adapt surgical residency programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.348DOI Listing

Comparison of different types of endovascular mechanical embolectomy in acute ischemic stroke.

Authors:
Yuan Pu

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):342-347. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Suqian People' hospital of Nanjing Durm Tower hospital Group, Suqian, Jiangsu, China.

Background: To compare the treatment efficacy of different types of endovascular mechanical embolectomy in acute ischemic stroke (AIS).

Material And Methods: A total of 89 patients with AIS were selected in our hospital from January 2014 to January 2016 and divided into tPA group (n=27), tPA+Trevo group (n=30) and tPA+Solitaire FR group (n=32) for different treatments. Treatment effectiveness was evaluated using NIHSS and mRS system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.342DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Downregulation of lncrna uca1 as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for ovarian endometriosis.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):336-341. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Gynecology, Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University (Wuhan Third Hospital), Wuhan City, Hubei Province, 430074, China.

Objective: Ovarian endometriosis seriously affects the quality of life of females, and long non-coding RNA lncRNA urothelial carcinoma-associated 1 (UCA1) plays pivotal roles in the pathogenesis of various ovarian diseases. However, the involvement of lncRNA UCA1 in ovarian endometriosis remains unknown to date. Therefore, the present study aims to study the role of UCA1 in ovarian endometriosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.336DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Easy resolution of severe obstructive kidney injury.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):333-335. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Internal Medicine Service, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.

Chronic constipation is a common diagnosis with a high prevalence in the elderly. Constipation affects the quality of life of sick individuals, bringing several clinical complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.333DOI Listing
March 2019
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Mucosal vitiligo in angles of the mouth: clinical and fluorescence aspects.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):330-332. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Research Center on Biological Chemistry (NQBio), Federal University of São João del-Rei (UFSJ), Divinópolis, MG, Brasil.

Vitiligo is the most common depigmenting, chronic acquired disease of the skin and mucosa. However, vitiligo of an unclassified type and mucosal subtype affecting only one area of the mucosa is considered quite uncommon. The diagnosis of vitiligo, regardless of its type, is clinical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.330DOI Listing
March 2019
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Eosinophilic fasciitis: an atypical presentation of a rare disease.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):326-329. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Internal Medicine Service, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.

Eosinophilic fasciitis, or Shulman's disease, is a rare disease of unknown etiology. It is characterized by peripheral eosinophilia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and high erythrocyte sedimentation rate. The diagnosis is confirmed by a deep biopsy of the skin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.326DOI Listing
March 2019
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Critical analysis of the classic indications for myocardial revascularization.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):319-325. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Atherosclerosis, Heart Institute of the Hospital das Clínicas of the Faculty of Medicine of USP (InCor-HCFMUSP), São Paulo, Brasil.

Treatment of stable coronary artery disease (CAD) relies on improved prognosis and relief of symptoms. National and international guidelines on CAD support the indication of revascularization in patients with limiting symptoms and refractory to optimal medical treatment, as well as in clinical situations where there is a prognostic benefit of interventional treatment. Most of the studies that support the guidelines for indication of revascularization date back to the 1980s and1990s of the last century. Read More

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March 2019
2 Reads

Dual platelet antiaggregation therapy after myocardial revascularization surgery.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):316-318. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Atherosclerosis of the Heart Institute of the Hospital das Clínicas of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.

Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a consolidated treatment in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) for both symptom control and improvement of prognosis. The patency of venous grafts is still the most vulnerable point of the surgical treatment since it presents a high prevalence of occlusion both in the immediate postoperative period and in the long-term follow-up. Aspirin plays a well-established role in this setting, and for a long time, clopidogrel use has been restricted to patients allergic to aspirin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.316DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Depression in the workplace: screening and treatment.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar;65(3):295-315

Brazilian Medical Association.

The Guidelines Project, an initiative of the Brazilian Medical Association, aims to combine information from the medical field in order to standardize producers to assist the reasoning and decision-making of doctors. The information provided through this project must be assessed and criticized by the physician responsible for the conduct that will be adopted, depending on the conditions and the clinical status of each patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.295DOI Listing

Phytotherapeutic medicines: reality or myth?

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar;65(3):292-294

Department of Endocrine Gynecology and Menopause, Discipline of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo; São Paulo, Brasil.

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March 2019
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Erratum.

Authors:

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):291

[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1806-9282.64. Read More

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February 2019

Ad Hoc Reviewers Who Worked At Ramb In 2018.

Authors:

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):288-290

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February 2019

Comment: "Mapping the scientific research on the negative aspects of the medical school learning environment".

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):287

Head of the Medical Clinic Department, coordinator of the Support Center for Educational Practices - NAPE, medical Faculty Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brasil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.287DOI Listing
February 2019

Uremic neuropathy: an overview of the current literature.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):281-286

Department of Integrated Clinical Discussions, ABC Medical School, Av. Príncipe de Gales, 821, CEP 09060-650, Santo André, SP, Brasil.

Introduction: Peripheral neuropathy is a disorder that affects the cell body, axon or myelin of motor or peripheral sensory neurons and occurs in 60-100% of patients who are submitted to dialysis due to chronic kidney disease. Uremic neuropathy is attributed to the accumulation of organic waste, evident in patients with reduced glomerular filtration rate.

Objectives: This review aims to make clinical characteristics of uremic neuropathy evident enabling early diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.281DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Advances in medical technology and new digital educational platforms.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):276-280

Cardiologist at the Heart Institute - HCFMUSP, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.276DOI Listing
February 2019

Lactose intolerance: what is a correct management?

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):270-275

Life Sciences Department, State University of Bahia, Rua Silveira Martins, 2555, Cabula. 41150-000, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil.

Individuals with Lactose Intolerance (LI) tend to exclude milk from their diet since this behavior seems to relieve the symptoms caused by the disease. However, milk is a food of high nutritional value, and complete exclusion of dairy products may favor the development of bone diseases such as osteopenia and osteoporosis. The objective of this review was to evaluate the scientific evidence on the adequate management of patients with LI. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

Opioids in the immune system: from experimental studies to clinical practice.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):262-269

Anesthesia Department, Pain Service, Hospital Universitario Fundación Santafé de Bogotá, Bogotá, Colombia.

Introduction: Opioids interact with both innate and adaptive immune systems and have direct effects on opioid receptors located on immune cells. Research on this topic has provided evidence of the opioid influence on the immune response associated with surgical stress. The immunological effects of opioids are currently being investigated, particularly whether they influence the outcome of surgery or the underlying disease regarding important aspects like infection or cancer progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.262DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Use of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and urinary tract infections in type 2 diabetes patients: a systematic review.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):246-252

Coordinator of the Medical Clinic Internship of the Graduate program in Medicine, Catholic University of Brasília, Brasília (DF), Brasil.

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are drugs that act by maintaining glycosuria. Recent studies have shown promising effects of these in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). However, there may be an increased risk of developing urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients treated with these. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.246DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

The importance of the early diagnosis of aorta coarctation.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):240-245

Professor, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco, Paulo Afonso, Bahia, Brasil.

Introduction: Coarctation of the aorta is a congenital heart disease characterized by a narrowing that occurs in the aortic artery. This constriction can occur anywhere along its entire length; however, it is more common between the origin of the left subclavian artery and the ductus arteriosus. Its incidence corresponds to 3 cases per 10,000 births. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.240DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Mapping scientific research on the negative aspects of the medical school learning environment.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):232-239

School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

Objective: We sought to understand the landscape of published articles regarding medical schools' learning environments (LE) worldwide, with an explicit focus on potentially harmful aspects of the LE as an effort to identify areas specifically in need of remediation or intervention that could prevent future unprofessional behaviors, burnout, violence and mistreatment among students and physicians.

Methods: A bibliometric analysis was conducted in six electronic databases (PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, ERIC-ProQuest, and PsycINFO) up to December 31, 2016, including 12 themes: learning environment - general, hidden curriculum (harmful), unethical behaviors, bullying/hazing, violence, sexual discrimination, homophobia, racism, social discrimination, minorities discrimination, professional misconduct, and other negative aspects.

Results: Of the 9,338 articles found, 710 met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.232DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Nutritional and hematological factors associated with the progression of Alzheimer's disease: a cohort study.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):222-231

Laboratory of Neuropsychopharmacology, Department of Pharmacy, Central-Western State University, Guarapuava, PR, Brasil.

Objective: We studied the users of the Specialized Drug Distribution Program of the public health network.

Methods: A prospective cohort examined the elderly at two intervals of three years and included 30 patients in phase I and 16 in phase II. The methodology was composed of home visits, anthropometric, nutritional and hematological evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.222DOI Listing
February 2019

Treatment of aortic dissecting aneurysm involving visceral arteries with multi-layer bare stents.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):216-221

Department of Vascular Surgery, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052 PR China.

Objective: Aortic dissecting aneurysms involving visceral arteries are difficult for clinical treatment. This study aimed to explore the clinical efficacy and safety of multi-layer bare stents technique in the treatment of aortic dissecting aneurysms involving visceral arteries.

Method: The clinical data of 16 patients of aortic dissecting aneurysm involving visceral artery treated with multi-layer bare stents technique from March 2013 to March 2017 in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.216DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Unison of movements in football players with different nervous systems.

Authors:
Georgy Polevoy

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):211-215

Candidate of pedagogical sciences, associate professor, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Culture and Sports, the Vyatka State University, Kirov, Russia.

In this study, we investigated the effect of typological features of nervous system properties on the ability to unite the movements of young football players. A total of 36 young football players aged 11-12 years participated in this experiment. Of them, 18 were engaged in an experimental differentiated method, which is based on using the same exercise and methods for developing the ability to unite movements but with different load components; for players with a strong nervous system (9 children), the load was intensive, but for players with a weak nervous system (9 children) - the load was volumetric. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.211DOI Listing
February 2019

Ameliorative effect of certolizumab on experimentally induced acute necrotic pancreatitis in rats.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):204-210

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur, Turkey.

Objective: The effects of Certolizumab, a pegylated monoclonal antibody to tumor necrosis factor α, on experimentally induced acute pancreatitis (AP) were examined.

Methods: Thirty-six Wistar Albino male rats were randomly divided into four groups. Group I was the control group and no medication administered to this group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.204DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Axis screws: results and complications of a large case series.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):198-203

Assistant Professor - Neurosurgery Division - University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas-SP, Brasil.

Objective: To present the surgical results of patients who underwent axis screw instrumentation, discussing surgical nuances and complications of the techniques used.

Methods: Retrospective case-series evaluation of patients who underwent spinal surgery with axis instrumentation using screws.

Results: Sixty-five patients were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.198DOI Listing
February 2019

Differentiation between stercoral perforation and colorectal cancer perforation.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):191-197

Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: To determine the computed tomography (CT) signs associated with stercoral perforation and colorectal cancer perforation.

Materials And Methods: From May 2003 to Feb. 2015, all surgically and pathologically confirmed patients with stercoral perforation (n=8, mean age 68. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.191DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

An immunohistochemistry and histopathological study of ankaferd blood stopper in a rat model of cervical inflammation.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):183-190

Canakkale Onsekiz Mart Universitesi, Department of Histology and Embryology, Merkez/ Canakkale, Canakkale, Turkey.

Objective: Ankaferd Blood Stopper (ABS) is a medicinal plant extract used topically as a hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant agent. Its cytoprotective effect mainly depends on its pleiotropic properties by modulating inflammatory mediators such as IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α. This study aims to test the possible therapeutic effect of ABS in the treatment of erosive and inflammatory conditions occurring in the uterine cervix. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.183DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Effect of FOLFOX6 chemotherapy on serum VEGF expression in advanced colorectal cancer patients.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):177-182

Hangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310003, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of FOLFOX6 chemotherapy on serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in advanced colorectal cancer patients.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of 81 patients with advanced colorectal cancer who visited our hospital from March 2014 to February 2016 was performed. All the patients were treated with FOLFOX6 chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.177DOI Listing
February 2019

Daily genital cares of female gynecologists: a descriptive study.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):171-176

University of Campinas, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Campinas,- São Paulo/Brasil.

Introduction: Genital hygiene can play an essential role in avoiding vulvovaginal discomfort and preventing infections. The scientific evidence on best practices on genital hygiene is scarce, and without doubt, gynecologists should be the best person to discuss and guide the subject.

Objective: Evaluate the general genital female gynecologist hygiene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.171DOI Listing
February 2019

The primacy of ultrasound in the assessment of muscle architecture: precision, accuracy, reliability of ultrasonography. Physiatrist, radiologist, general internist, and family practitioner's experiences.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):165-170

Department of Medicine of Fondazione Mediterranea "G.B. Morgagni", 95100 Catania, Italy.

Objective: With high-resolution real-time ultrasonography we investigated the muscle architectural parameters of vastus lateralis in healthy volunteers.

Purposes: We determined the reproducibility and validity of ultrasonography and the role of the ultrasonographer in assessing muscle architecture. We proposed the most appropriate clinical parameters for objective measurements and an ultrasound protocol of muscle architecture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.165DOI Listing
February 2019

Analgesic effects of a capacitive-resistive monopolar radiofrequency in patients with myofascial chronic neck pain: a pilot randomized controlled trial.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Feb;65(2):156-164

Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation, and Physical Medicine. Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain.

Background: To date, there is a lack of prior studies on the use of capacitive resistive monopolar radiofrequency (RF) to treat neck pain. The objective of this study was to investigate the immediate effect of capacitive resistive monopolar radiofrequency (RF=448 kHz), in comparison with a placebo, on (1) reducing neck pain intensity at myofascial trigger points (MTrP), (2) decreasing neck disability and (3) improving cervical range of motion (CROM).

Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (NCT02353195) was carried out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.2.156DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads