1,231 results match your criteria Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia Spanish Journal of Chemotherapy[Journal]


[Peritonitis by Clostridium innocuum associated to peritoneal dialysiss].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

María Aroca Ferri, Servicio de Microbiología. Hospital Universitario Insular de Gran Canaria. Avda. Marítima del Sur, s/n. 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Spain.

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[Prolonged treatment with dalbavancin in prosthetic hip infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Abel Trujillano Ruiz, Servicio de Farmacia del Hospital de Manacor, Carretera Manacor Alcudia, s/n, 07500 Manacor, Spain.

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Postantifungal effect of anidulafungin against Candida albicans, Candida dubliniensis, Candida africana, Candida parapsilosis, Candida metapsilosis and Candida orthopsilosis.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Nerea Jauregizar, Department of Pharmacology (Unidad de formación e investigación multidisciplinar «Microbios, y Salud»), Faculty of Medicine and Nursing, University of Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Bilbao, Spain.

Objective: Candida albicans remains the most common aetiology of invasive candidiasis, leading to high morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, the incidence of candidiasis due to non-C. albicans species, such as Candida parapsilosis, is increasing. Read More

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Is it reasonable to perform Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection in patients with liver cirrhosis?

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Emilio Bouza Santiago, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón. Madrid, Spain.

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Breast abscess due to Trueperella bernardiae and Actinotignum sanguinis.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Fernando Cobo, Department of Microbiology and Instituto Biosanitario, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves. Avda Fuerzas Armadas, 2 18014, Granada, Spain.

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[Fungal keratitis caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides: A case report].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Ismail Zakariya-Yousef Breval, Hospital Juan Ramón Jiménez, Ronda exterior norte s/n, 21005, Huelva. Spain.

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[Utility of multiplex PCR (FilmArray Blood Culture Identification) in other biological liquids. Detection of Streptococcus pyogenes in brain abscess and synovial fluid].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Dolores Escudero Augusto, Servicio de Medicina Intensiva. Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias. Avenida de Roma s/n 33011 Oviedo. Spain.

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[Bronchospasm and flushing after vaccination with 23 serotype pneumococcal polysaccharide in chronic patients].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Alba Martínez-Torrón. Servicio de Farmacia Hospitalaria. Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Spain.

Objective: To describe the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of a series of suspected systemic adverse reactions registered with the 23 serotype pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PNEUMOVAX23®). Calculate the cumulative incidence of the reaction and know if similar and/or compatible cases have been described in the scientific literature or in pharmacovigilance.

Methods: Observational and retrospective study realized between 01/12/2015 and 30/09/2017 in the Vaccines Unit of an autonomic reference hospital. Read More

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[A study of urinary tract infections by Streptococcus gallolyticus ssp. pasteurianus.]

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

José Gutiérrez-Fernández. Laboratorio de Microbiología. Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves. Avenida de las Fuerzas Armadas, 2. E-18012 Granada, Spain.

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[Comparison of different strategies for short-term death prediction in the infected older patient].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Juan González del Castillo, Servicio de Urgencias. Hospital Clínico San Carlos. Calle Profesor Martín-Lagos s/n, 28040 Madrid. Spain.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the utility of a post hoc lactate added to SIRS and qSOFA score to predict 30-day mortality in older non-severely dependent patients attended for infection in the Emergency Department (ED).

Methods: We performed an analytical, observational, prospective cohort study including patients of 75 years of age or older, without severe functional dependence, attended for an infectious disease in 69 Spanish ED for 2-day three seasonal periods. Demographic, clinical and analytical data were collected. Read More

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February 2019

Monitoring the antimicrobial susceptibility of Gram-negative organisms involved in intraabdominal and urinary tract infections recovered during the SMART study (Spain, 2016 and 2017).

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Rafael Cantón. Servicio de Microbiología. Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. Carretera de Colmenar Km 9,1. 28034 Madrid. Spain.

Objective: Continuous antimicrobial resistance surveillance is recommended by Public Health authorities. We up-dated data from the SMART (Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends) surveillance study in Spain.

Methods: The antimicrobial susceptibility data and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production in isolates recovered from intra-abdominal (IAI) (n=1,429) and urinary tract (UTI) (n=937) infections during the 2016- 2017 SMART study in 10 Spanish hospitals were analysed. Read More

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February 2019

Effectiveness and safety of daclatasvir/sofosbuvir with or without ribavirin in genotype 3 hepatitis C virus infected patients. Results in real clinical practice.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Luis Margusino-Framiñán, Pharmacy Service. A Coruña Hospital. c/ As Xubias 84. 15006 A Coruña. Spain.

Objective: Direct-acting antivirals have shown high efficacy in all hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes, but genotype 3 (G3) treatments continue to be a challenge, mainly in cirrhotic patients. The aim of this study is to analyse effectiveness and safety of daclatasvir associated with sofosbuvir with or without ribavirin in G3-HCV infected patients in real clinical practice.

Methods: An observational, prospective, cohort study over 2. Read More

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February 2019
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Efficacy of an information system addressed to nursing staff for diminishing contaminated blood cultures: a blind clinical trial.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 02 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Miguel Cervero. Hospital Severo Ochoa PhD (Internal Medicine Department) Avda Orellana s/n 28911. Leganés. Madrid. Spain.

Objective: Evaluate the efficacy of an information system addressed to nursing staff to lower the blood culture contamination rate.

Methods: A blind clinical trial was conducted at Internal Medicine and Emergency Departments during 2011. After following a reeducation program in BC extraction, participants were randomly selected in a 1:1 ratio. Read More

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February 2019

Application of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis to evaluate the adequacy of antimicrobial therapy for pediatric acute otitis media in Spain before and after the introduction of the PCV7 vaccine.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Andrés Canut Blasco. Hospital Universitario de Álava (HUA). Spain.

Objective: To evaluate, by applying pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) analysis, if the change in antibiotic susceptibility after the introduction of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in Spain had any influence on the usefulness of the antimicrobials more frequently used as empirical treatment of pediatric acute otitis media (AOM).

Methods: PK parameters and susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae were obtained from bibliography. Monte Carlo simulation was used to estimate the cumulative fraction of response (CFR), understood as the expected probability of therapy success. Read More

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February 2019

Typing and antimicrobial susceptibility of 134 Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains from Southern Spain.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Fernando Cobo, Department of Microbiology and Instituto Biosanitario de Granada. University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Avda Fuerzas Armadas, 2 - 18014 Granada, Spain.

Objective: Last guidelines have recommended the introduction of dual antimicrobial therapy in order to avoid treatment failure. In the present report, the susceptibility to some antibiotics was evaluated, and the typing of Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains was performed.

Methods: Gonococcal isolates were tested for susceptibility according to the recommendations of both CLSI and EUCAST. Read More

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February 2019

A man from Morocco and chronic hip pain.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 25;32(1):78-82. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Emilio Bouza,Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón C/ Dr. Esquerdo, 46, 28007 Madrid, Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372958PMC
February 2019
1 Read

[Comment on: Considerations in antimicrobial prescribing in the emergency department].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 24;32(1):95-96. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Roger Argelich Ibáñez, Unidad de Medicina Teknon, Centro Médico Teknon, C/ Vilana 12, 08022 Barcelona, Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372959PMC
February 2019

[Baloxavir marboxil: a potent cap-dependent endonuclease inhibitor of influenza viruses].

Authors:
J Reina N Reina

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 23;32(1):1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Jordi Reina, Unidad de Virología, Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca. Spain.

Baloxavir marboxil (5-hydroxy-4-pyridone-3-carboxyl acid) is a new antiviral drug with special efficacy on influenza viruses that acts by inhibiting the cap-dependent endonuclease required for its replication. It is the first representative of the so-called inhibitors of influenza-like PB2. It has shown efficacy against influenza viruses A and B and most strains of animal origin (avian flu). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372968PMC
February 2019
1 Read

[Economic evaluation of the Alfred 60/AST device implantation for bacterial growth detection with automatic sewing machine].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 9;32(1):73-77. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Oscar Herráez Carrera, Servicio de Análisis Clínicos. Unidad de Calidad. Hospital General La Mancha Centro, Avenida de la Constitución, 3 ; 13.600 Alcázar de San Juan (Ciudad Real) Spain.

Objective: It is becoming increasingly necessary to automatize screening of urine samples to culture at Microbiology laboratories. Our objective was to estimate the budget threshold from which the Alfred 60/AST device would be profitable for our hospital.

Methods: Cost minimization study by decision trees, carried out in a General Hospital. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372960PMC
February 2019

[Intra-fascial abscess by Bacillus cereus].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 8;32(1):93-94. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

María Aroca Ferri, Servicio de Microbiología. Hospital Universitario Insular de Gran Canaria. Avda. Marítima del Sur, s/n. 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372955PMC
February 2019

Factors associated with development of nephrotoxicity in patients treated with vancomycin versus daptomycin for severe Gram-positive infections: A practice-based study.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 8;32(1):22-30. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Dr José Barberán, Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Universitario HM Montepríncipe-Universidad San Pablo CEU. Av. de Montepríncipe 25, 28660 Boadilla del Monte, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: To evaluate nephrotoxicity development in patients treated with vancomycin (VAN) and daptomycin (DAP) for proven severe Gram-positive infections in daily practice.

Methods: A practice-based, observational, retrospective study (eight Spanish hospitals) was performed including patients ≥18 years with a baseline glomerular filtration rate (GFR)>30 mL/min and/or serum creatinine level<2 mg/dL treated with DAP or VAN for >48h. Nephrotoxicity was considered as a decrease in baseline GRF to <50 mL/min or decrease of >10 mL/min from a baseline GRF<50 mL/min. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372966PMC
February 2019
1 Read

[Detection of human Parechovirus in respiratory samples in the neonatal population with fever of unknown origin].

Authors:
J Reina J Dueñas

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 20;32(1):91-92. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Jordi Reina, Unidad de Virología, Hospital Universitario Son Espases Carretera Valldemossa s/n, 07010 Palma de Mallorca. Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372969PMC
February 2019

[Corynebacterium jeikeium urinary tract infection and good clinical response with nitrofurantoin treatment].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 20;32(1):89-90. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

José Gutiérrez-Fernández. Laboratorio de Microbiología. Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves. Avenida de las Fuerzas Armadas, 2. E-18012 Granada, Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372953PMC
February 2019

Influence of pharmacist intervention, based on CMO model, to improve activation in HIV patients.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 18;32(1):40-49. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Maria de las Aguas Robustillo Cortés. Pharmacy Department, Valme Hospital. Av Bellavista s/n 41014, Seville, Spain.

Objective: The aim of study was to evaluate the influence of pharmacist intervention based on "CMO model", to improve activation in HIV-patients.

Methods: Longitudinal, prospective, single-center study. Eligible patients were HIV-infected, taking antiretroviral treatment. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372956PMC
February 2019

[Ocular ulcer due to Moraxella nonliquefaciens].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 17;32(1):87-88. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Jesús Ruiz-Aragón, C/ Chaparro 4, esc 3, 4º C. 41019. Sevilla, Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372962PMC
February 2019

Detection of bacterial pathogens in sterile fluids with the FilmArray Meningitis/Encephalitis identification system.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 17;32(1):85-86. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Fernando Cobo, Department of Microbiology, Hospital Virgen de las Nieves Avda Fuerzas Armadas, 2 18014 Granada, Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372964PMC
February 2019

Herbaspirillum huttiense pneumonia in a patient with essential thrombocythaemia.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 17;32(1):83-84. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Victoria Sánchez Hellín, Department of Microbiology, Hospital General Universitario de Elche Camino de la Almazara, 11 03203 Elche, Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372961PMC
February 2019

Antimicrobial activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam against multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates from a Spanish hospital.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 14;32(1):68-72. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Ana Isabel López-Calleja, Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet. IIS Aragón. 3ª planta Edificio de Consultas Externas - c/ Padre Arrupe s/n, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain.

Objective: Our objective was to evaluate the in vitro activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam against multidrug resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) non metallo-β-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates at Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet (Zaragoza, Spain) from February 2016 to October 2017.

Methods: We evaluated the in vitro activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam and other antipseudomonal antibiotics against 12 MDR and 117 XDR non metallo-β-lactamase producing P. aeruginosa isolates. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372965PMC
February 2019
1 Read

[Evolution of the incidence of colonized and infected patients by VIM carbapenemase-producing bacteria in a pediatric hospital in Spain].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 13;32(1):60-67. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Raquel González Rubio, Escuela Nacional de Sanidad. C/Sinesio Delgado 10, 28029 Madrid. Spain.

Objective: The aim of this study is to describe the evolution of the incidence of infected and colonized patients with carbapenemase VIM-producing bacteria (CPB-VIM) at a national referral pediatric center in Madrid, Spain, between 2012 and 2015.

Methods: Descriptive epidemiological surveillance study. The surveillance system included case detection (screening for BPC colonization in all admitted patients, with periodicity according to the ward) and control measures (contact precautions, identification of previously colonized patients at admission, environmental cleaning, education, supervision of contact precautions, and patient cohort). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372957PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Strategies for the management of invasive fungal infections due to filamentous fungi in high-risk hemato-oncological patients.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 13;32(1):31-39. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Carlos Vallejo, Hospital Donostia, Begiristain Doktorea Pasealekua, 109, 20014 Donostia, Gipuzkoa, Spain.

Objective: In recent years, the introduction of new antifungals for the prevention of invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in hemato- oncological patients, particularly extended-spectrum azoles, has led to a change in the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for established or suspected breakthrough IFI. The aim of the study was to identify the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies used in the management of IFIs in hemato-oncological patients in Spain, and to assess compliance with the recommendations of the consensus documents and clinical practice guidelines.

Methods: An online, anonymous, cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and September 2016 involving 137 specialists from third-level hospitals in Spain with Departments of Hematology that regularly deal with IFIs. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372970PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

[Recommendations from a panel of experts on the usefulness of fidaxomicin for the treatment of infections caused by Clostridium difficile].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 13;32(1):50-59. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Benito Almirante, Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron Passeig de la Vall d'Hebron, 119-129 - 08035 Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: Clostridium difficile infections have a high recurrence rate, which can complicate the prognosis of affected patients. It is therefore important to establish an early detection and an appropriate therapeutic strategy. The objective of this manuscript was to gather the opinion of an expert group about the predictive factors of poor progression, as well as when to use fidaxomicin in different groups of high-risk patients. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372963PMC
February 2019
1 Read

[Bacteremia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae. A retrospective study of 7 years].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

María Inés Lespada. Unidad de Infectología, Hospital General de Agudos "Dr. Cosme Argerich". Pi y Margall 750, C1155AHD Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objective: Bacteremia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing strains (Kp-KPC) is associated with high mortality. The hypothesis of our work is that there was an increase in the levels of resistance to different antimicrobials in Kp-KPC isolated from bacteremia.

Methods: Retrospective and descriptive study in two periods: Period 1 (P1) 2010-2014 and period 2 (P2) 2015-2016. Read More

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December 2018
12 Reads

Impact of empirical treatment with antifungal agents on survival of patients with candidemia.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2019 Feb 30;32(1):6-14. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Rodrigo Poves-Alvarez, Anesthesiology and Surgical Critical Care Department Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid Valladolid (Spain).

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of echinocandins and fluconazole) on mortality 7 and 30 days after candidemia onset and overall in-hospital mortality), in patients with candidemia at a Spanish tertiary hospital.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted that enrolled all non-neutropenic adult patients diagnosed with candidemia at Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid between 2007 and 2016. A total of 179 patients were evaluated, they were divided into two sub-groups: surviving patients (n = 92) and non-surviving patients (n = 87). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372967PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

[Evolution of treatment of syphilis through history].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 14;31(6):485-492. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Juan Francisco Navarro Gracia. Servicio de Medicina Preventiva y Unidad Docente de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Edificio Anexo 2. Hospital General Universitario de Elche. C/ Camí de L'Almassera 11 03203 Elche (Alicante). Spain.

In this article, we present a historical revision of syphilis treatment since the end of the XV century up until the current days. For centuries, it was understood that syphilis had been brought to Spain by Columbus after coming back from America. It became an epidemic soon after. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254479PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

[Review of infections by Actinotignum schaalii diagnosed in the University General Hospital of Castellón].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 7;31(6):555-556. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Marta Cabezuelo Barber, Servicio de Microbiología y Parasitología Clínicas, Hospital General Universitario de Castellón Av. Benicàssim, s/n, 12004 Castellón, Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254482PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Severe bacterial non-AIDS infections in HIV women.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 7;31(6):546-549. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Emilio Bouza,Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón C/ Dr. Esquerdo, 46, 28007 Madrid, Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254486PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Interleukin (IL) -1 β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor in patients with seasonal flu.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 5;31(6):542-545. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

José Manuel Ramos, Department of Internal Medicine. General University Hospital of Alicante. C/ Pintor Baeza 12, 03010 Alicante. Spain.

Objective: The role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 in the pathogenicity of seasonal flu is unknown.

Methods: We analyzed the profiles of these cytokines in 77 flu patients and 17 controls with non-flu respiratory infection, using molecular biology techniques (real-time polymerase chain reaction).

Results: Flu patients had lower monocyte counts (p=0. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254480PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

[Utilisation of first-line antibiotics six years after a multifaceted intervention].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 5;31(6):520-527. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

José María Molero, Centro de Salud San Andrés, Madrid C/ Alberto Palacios, 22, 28021 Madrid. Spain.

Objective: No study has evaluated the impact of a multifaceted intervention on the quality of the antibiotics prescribed more than 5 years later.

Methods: A total of 210 general practitioners (GP) from eight different regions of Spain were asked to participate in two registrations of respiratory tract infections (RTI) in 2008, before, and in 2009, just after a multifaceted intervention including prescriber feedback, clinical guidelines, training sessions focused on appropriate antibiotic prescribing, workshop on rapid tests and provision of these tests in the GP consultation. They were all again invited to participate in a similar registration in 2015. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254481PMC
December 2018

[Description of Influenza B in seasonal epidemics in Spain].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 5;31(6):511-519. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Raúl Ortiz de Lejarazu, Centro Nacional de Gripe de Valladolid. Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid. Av. Ramón y Cajal, 3, 47003 Valladolid. Spain.

Objective: Seasonal influenza epidemics are a major public health concern. They are caused by the influenza A and B viruses; although the A virus is more prominent, influenza B virus infection causes a disease with similar characteristics. There are two phylogenetically distinct influenza B lineages (B/Victoria and B/Yamagata), only one of which is present in the trivalent vaccine formulated each season. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254476PMC
December 2018

Infectious postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery performed over 7 years. The role of azithromycin versus ciprofloxacin eye drops.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 12 31;31(6):15-21. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Santiago Grau Department of Pharmacy, Hospital del Mar, Parc de Salut Mar, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: Although topical antibiotics have been used as antimicrobial prophylaxis after ocular surgery, recent studies have determined that intracameral cefuroxime at the end of surgery significantly reduce the risk to suffer an infection and suggest that the use of topical antibiotics in the prophylaxis of infectious postoperative endophthalmitis (IPOE) is controversial. Moreover, there is no evidence to confirm the higher effectiveness of topical ciprofloxacin, considered the standard of care, or topical azithromycin in preventing IPOE of cataract surgeries.

Methods: IPOE topical prophylaxis was performed with two different strategies: with azithromycin from January 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2014 (group I) and with ciprofloxacin from January 1st, 2015 to January 31st, 2017 (group II). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254483PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

[CD64 index as a marker of infection in patients with postoperative fever].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 31;31(6):493-498. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Antonio Ramos Martínez. Unidad de Enfermedades Infecciosas. Servicio de Medicina Interna. HU Puerta de Hierro. Majadahonda. Madrid. Spain.

Objective: To evaluate the utility of the granulocyte CD64 index as a marker of infection in patients with postoperative fever.

Methods: Prospective observational study of a cohort of patients with postoperative fever (2nd-21st day after the intervention) collected during 14 months. Obtaining blood samples during the first 24 hours after the febrile peak to determine the CD64 index (ratio of fluorescence intensity, measured, in the granulocytes of the patient with respect to healthy controls), procalcitonin and C-reactive protein (CRP). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254475PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

[Are the candidates to Resident Internal Pharmacist interested in Microbiology and Parasitology Specialty?]

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 30;31(6):557-559. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Javier Colomina-Rodríguez, Servicio de Microbiología. Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia. Av. de Blasco Ibáñez, 17, 46010, Valencia. Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254484PMC
December 2018

[Isolation of Moraxella atlantae on the valve of a patient with native infective endocarditis].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 30;31(6):550-551. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Miguel Marcos Martín. Servicio de Medicina Interna. Paseo de San Vicente 58-182. 37007. Salamanca. Spain.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254474PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

In silico analysis of transferable QepA variants and related chromosomal efflux pumps.

Authors:
J Ruiz

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 30;31(6):537-541. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Joaquim Ruiz, P.O.Box 16, 08214-Badia del Valles, Spain.

Objective: The present study aimed to detect the presence of undescribed QepA variants in GenBank records.

Methods: The DNA and amino acid sequences of QepA1 were compared with what is present in GenBank. Only annealings with a >80% identity were considered. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254477PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Frequency of sero-positivity in household members of the patients with positive toxoplasma serology.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 26;31(6):506-510. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Morteza Pourahmad, Nosocomial Infection Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Objective: Toxoplasma gondii is cause of a wide variety of infections in human. The aim of this study was; to evaluate the frequency of sero-positivity of the members in a family with a positive serologic person.

Methods: A case-control study with 170 enrolled units which was conducted in Iran in 2017. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254478PMC
December 2018
2 Reads
0.905 Impact Factor

First isolation of Skermanella aerolata from a human sample.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 22;31(6):552-553. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Luis Alcalá. Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, C/Doctor Esquerdo, nº 46. 28007, Madrid (Spain).

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254487PMC
December 2018

[Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis caused by Listeria monocytogenes: eight case reports (1992-2017) and literature review].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 22;31(6):532-536. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Marina Fernández Torres. Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Avda. Valdecilla 25, 39008 Santander, Cantabria. Spain.

Objective: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a frequent and severe entity in patients with cirrhosis or ascites due to other causes. However, Listeria monocytogenes is a microorganism that has been scarcely identified as a causative agent of SBP.

Methods: In this study, a descriptive analysis of cases of L. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254485PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Fake imported tropical diseases: A retrospective study.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Dec 22;31(6):528-531. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Moncef Belhassen-García, Servicio de Medicina Interna. Unidad de Enfermedades Infecciosas. CAUSA. IBSAL. CIETUS, Universidad de Salamanca. Paseo San Vicente 58-182, 37007, Salamanca Spain.

Objective: When we evaluate a patient with a suspected imported disease we cannot forget to include any autochthonous causes that may mimic imported pathologies to avoid misdiagnosis and therapeutic delay.

Methods: A descriptive longitudinal retrospective study was designed with patients in whom an imported disease was suspected but who were finally diagnosed with autochthonous processes. The patients were selected from two internal medicine practices specializing in tropical diseases between 2008-2017 in Spain. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254473PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

[Integral approach to the acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Oct 4;31(5):461-484. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Juan González del Castillo, Servicio de Urgencias. Hospital Clínico San Carlos. Calle Profesor Martín-Lagos s/n, 28040 Madrid. Spain.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a set of clinical processes that have in common a chronic and progressive obstruction to airflow, with episodes of exacerbation. These exacerbations are more frequent and severe over time, deteriorating the lung function. The main cause of exacerbations is bacterial infection. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6194861PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

[Kingella kingae as a common cause of arthritis septic in children].

Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Oct 25;31(5):439-442. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Marta Illán Ramos, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, C/Profesor Martín Lagos sn. CP: 28040, Madrid. Servicio de Pediatría (planta 6ª sur). Spain.

Objective: Kingella kingae is a common colonizer of the oropharynx in children that may lead to invasive infection, mainly osteoarticular infections. Invasive infections occur almost exclusively in young children, fundamentally fewer than two years old. K. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6194870PMC
October 2018
12 Reads