66,656 results match your criteria Revision and Reoperative Thyroid Surgery


Endoscopic medialization middle turbinoplasty in endoscopic sinus surgery.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Dec;97(12):404-410

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Tufts Medical Center, 800 Washington St., Box 850, Boston, MA 02111, USA. Email:

Recurrence of sinonasal disease can be caused by many factors, including lateralization of the middle turbinate as a complication of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Different ESS procedures have been tried to prevent this complication. We conducted a prospective study to determine if medialization is an effective means of lateralizing the middle turbinate. Read More

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December 2018

There Is No Significant Difference in Fretting and Corrosion at the Trunnion of Metal and Ceramic Heads.

Orthopedics 2018 Dec 11:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

No study has compared the prevalence of fretting and corrosion at the trunnion of cobalt-chrome (Co-Cr) and zirconia ceramic heads in the same patients. The authors sought to compare the prevalence of fretting and corrosion at the trunnion after total hip arthroplasty with a 32-mm Co-Cr or a 32-mm zirconia ceramic head-on-polyethylene bearing. Isolated revision of the ace-tabular components was performed in 78 patients (156 hips) for polyethylene wear and osteolysis of the acetabulum. Read More

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December 2018

Revision of Failed Resurfacing Hemiarthroplasty: Midterm Results, Survival, and Group Comparison.

Orthopedics 2018 Dec 11:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Shoulder arthroplasty is a valuable option for treating glenohumeral osteoarthritis. Revision surgery for a failed shoulder arthroplasty is associated with difficult procedures, complications, and worse outcomes. Compared with a total joint arthroplasty, a resurfacing prosthesis has the supposed advantages of limited perioperative complications and little bone loss during revision. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

What Factors Predict the Risk of Proximal Junctional Failure in the Long Term, Demographic, Surgical or Radiographic? Results from a Time-Dependent ROC Curve.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY.

Study Design: Retrospective review of prospective multicenter database.

Objective: To identify an optimal set of factors predicting the risk of PJF while taking the time dependency of PJF and those factors into account.

Summary Of Background Data: Surgical correction of adult spinal deformity (ASD) can be complex and therefore, may come with high revision rates due to proximal junctional failure (PJF). Read More

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December 2018

Pre-operative Assessment of Bone Quality in Spine Deformity Surgery: Correlation with Clinical Practice and Published Recommendations.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Objective: The goals of this study were to (1) evaluate pre-operative bone quality assessment and intervention practice over time and (2) review the current evidence for bone evaluation in spine fusion surgery.

Summary Of Background Data: Deformity spine surgery has demonstrated improved quality of life in patients however its cost has made it controversial. Read More

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December 2018

Long-term Outcomes of Ossiculoplasty With and Without an Intact Malleus.

Otol Neurotol 2019 Jan;40(1):73-78

Division of Otology and Neurotology, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas.

Objective: To compare long-term hearing outcomes following ossiculoplasty with cartilage tympanoplasty with (M) and without (M) the malleus present.

Study Design: Retrospective chart review.

Setting: Tertiary referral center. Read More

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January 2019

A Quartet of Elastic Stable Intramedullary Nails for More Challenging Pediatric Femur Fractures.

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Jan;39(1):e12-e17

Children's Healthcare of Atlanta.

Introduction: The insertion of 2 elastic stable intramedullary nails (ESINs) is a common treatment for pediatric femur fractures. However, the use of this technique in length-unstable or metadiaphyseal fractures has historically been associated with higher complication rates. To improve stability, the addition of a third ESIN has been assessed biomechanically and clinically, but the addition of a fourth nail has only been evaluated biomechanically. Read More

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January 2019

Orthostatic intolerance following hip arthroplasty: Incidence, risk factors and effect on length of stay: a prospective cohort study.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

From the Department of Anaesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Waitemata District Health Board (MUS, DAR, MTK), Health and Rehabilitation Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology (DAR, PJM), and Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland (MTK).

Background: Early postoperative mobilisation is important for enhanced recovery, but can be hindered by orthostatic intolerance, characterised by dizziness, nausea, vomiting, feeling of heat, blurred vision and ultimately syncope. Although the incidence of orthostatic intolerance following total hip arthroplasty has been identified, few studies have yet investigated potential risk factors for developing orthostatic intolerance after hip arthroplasty.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of orthostatic intolerance on the first postoperative day after total hip arthroplasty, potential predisposing risk factors for developing orthostatic intolerance and its effect on length of stay. Read More

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December 2018

Bilateral Congenital Vertical Talus in Association with Beals Contractural Arachnodactyly: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Southland Hospital/University of Otago, Invercargill, New Zealand.

Case: Congenital vertical talus (CVT) is a rare rigid flatfoot disorder with a rocker-bottom flatfoot appearance. It is characterized by hindfoot valgus and equinus, with associated midfoot dorsiflexion and forefoot abduction. We describe a patient who was born with dysmorphic features and subsequently was diagnosed with Beals contractural arachnodactyly. Read More

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December 2018

Development of a risk-based, large-group revision quiz for first-year undergraduates.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):42-46

School of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience, University of Bristol , Bristol , United Kingdom.

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Structural Revision of Macropodumine A and Structure of 2-Deoxymacropodumine A, Daphniphyllum Alkaloids with 11-Membered Macrolactone Rings.

J Nat Prod 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resources in West China, Kunming Institute of Botany , Chinese Academy of Sciences , Kunming 650201 , People's Republic of China.

An unusual Daphniphyllum alkaloid, 2-deoxymacropodumine A (1), possessing an 11-membered macrolactone ring, was obtained from an extract of the stems of Daphniphyllum angustifolium. The structure of 1 was elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic methods and chemical calculations. Based on a comparison of the experimental and calculated NMR data, the structure of macropodumine A (2'), an analogue of 1, was also revised. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Nursing students' perception about humanized care: an integrative review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2800-2807

Universidade Federal Fluminense, School of Nursing. Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the productions of knowledge about the students' perception of humanized care.

Method: Study of bibliographical revision of the integrative type. The databases Pubmed, Lilacs, Cuiden and the SciELO virtual library were chosen for selection in October 2017, using the health descriptors "Students, Nursing", "Perception" and "Humanization of assistance", in the languages Portuguese, English and Spanish. Read More

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January 2018

Preoperative valgus deformity has twice the risk of failure as compared to varus deformity after total knee arthroplasty.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1st Orthopaedic and Traumatologic Clinic, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Giulio Cesare Pupilli 1, 40136, Bologna, Italy.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative valgus or varus deformity affected survivorship after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and to quantify the risk factors for implant failure in a registry-based population.

Methods: The Emilia-Romagna Registry of Prosthetic Orthopedic Implants was examined regarding TKAs performed on patients with a preoperative diagnosis of valgus or varus deformity. Demographics, implant characteristic and survivorships were investigated and compared. Read More

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December 2018

The augment-and-modular-cage revision system for reconstruction of severe acetabular defects-two-year clinical and radiographic results.

Int Orthop 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, University Hospital Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53127, Bonn, Germany.

Purpose: Acetabular revision of failed total hip arthroplasty (THA) is often associated with severe bone loss. Therefore, a variety of revision implant systems has been developed during recent years, with the augment-and-modular-cage system being one of the newest additions to this portfolio. Together with biologic downsizing by means of impaction bone grafting, this uncemented system promises a high modularity and versatility to treat all acetabular defects up to Paprosky types IIIa and IIIb without pelvic discontinuity. Read More

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December 2018

A case series of cementless revision total knee arthroplasty in patients with benzoyl peroxide allergy.

Int Orthop 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Straße 25, 53127, Bonn, Germany.

Purpose: The contact allergens nickel, cobalt, and chromium are often discussed as possible triggers of allergic reactions to orthopedic implants. Additionally, acrylates and polymerization additives in bone cement (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

A new classification for proximal femur bone defects in conservative hip arthroplasty revisions.

Int Orthop 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Orthopaedic and Traumatologic Department, Santo Spirito General Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: In the last three decades, total hip replacement in young patient became a habitual procedure. Principles of bone preservation are pushing many surgeons to implant conservative femoral components in patient younger than 65 years. Despite an overall good survivorship and clinical outcomes of conservative implants, failed cases are reported and the need to revise a conservative femoral component became an occasional procedure (with high prevalence of failed resurfacing implants). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A case of late iliac arterial thrombosis due to component migration after revision total hip arthroplasty.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Nov 28;10(5):196-199. Epub 2014 Aug 28.

Division of Orthopedics, Nagoya City East Medical Center, Nagoya, Japan.

Although vascular injuries associated with primary and revision total hip arthroplasty are infrequent, these complications can have devastating effects that can lead to morbidity and even mortality. A few previous reports have described embolic distal limb ischemia secondary to a failed and migrated acetabular implant in discontinuity with the pelvis. We present a rare case in which a support ring from a failed and migrated acetabular cage construct led to injury of the common femoral artery. Read More

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November 2014

Assessment of Postoperative Outcomes in Spinal Epidural Abscess Following Surgical Decompression.

Spine J 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Center for Spine Health, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, 44195, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, 44195, USA; Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, 44195, USA. Electronic address:

Background Context: A spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a serious condition that may be managed with antibiotics alone or with decompressive surgery combined with antibiotics.

Purpose: The objectives of this study were to assess the clinical outcomes of SEA after surgical management and to identify the patient-level factors that are associated with outcomes following surgical decompression and removal of SEA.

Study Design/setting: Retrospective chart review analysis. Read More

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December 2018
7 Reads

Group Differences Among Caregivers of Civilians and Service Members or Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

University of Michigan Medical School, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Objective: To examine group differences among caregivers of service members/veterans (SMVs) and civilians with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Design: An observational research study examining the group differences between caregivers of SMVs and civilians with TBI. The data presented was collected as part of a larger study that calibrated and validated the TBI-CareQOL item banks. Read More

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December 2018

Technical Note: A method for quality assurance of landmark sets for use in evaluation of deformable image registration accuracy of lung parenchyma.

Med Phys 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA.

Purpose: To develop a quality control method to improve the accuracy of corresponding landmark sets used for deformable image registration evaluation in the lung parenchyma.

Methods: An iterative workflow was developed as a method for quality assurance of landmark sets. Starting with the initial landmark set for a given image pair, a landmark-based deformation was applied to one of the images. Read More

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December 2018

Management of persistent juvenile angiofibroma after endoscopic resection: Analysis of a single institution series of 74 patients.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Unit of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Background: Management of persistent juvenile angiofibroma (pJA) after transnasal endoscopic resection is controversial. To better understand its behavior, optimize treatment, and minimize morbidity, we report our experience in pJA focusing on follow-up strategies and disease progression.

Methods: A retrospective review of clinical records of all JA cases treated with endoscopic surgery at the Unit of Otorhinolaryngology of the University of Brescia between January 1994 and October 2015 was performed. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Simplification of Imipenem Dosing by Removal of Weight-Based Adjustments.

J Clin Pharmacol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA.

In patients with renal insufficiency, dose adjustments based on creatinine clearance and body weight have been a component of imipenem dosage instructions. The objective of the current analysis was to provide revised dosing recommendations by evaluating the impact of creatinine clearance and body weight on the pharmacokinetics of imipenem. A population pharmacokinetics model was developed with data from 465 patients and 3300 pharmacokinetic samples. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Central compartment revision surgery for persistent or recurrent thyroid carcinoma: analysis of survival and complication rate.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Department, University Hospital of Modena, Largo del Pozzo, 71, 41125, Modena, Italy.

Purpose: Locoregional recurrence of thyroid carcinoma is relatively common and reported rate are between 5 and 20%. Cervical nodes are usually involved, especially at the central compartment. The management of recurrent thyroid carcinoma at central compartment still remains challenging because of higher incidence of complication rate. Read More

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December 2018

Long-term results of the MA-38-mm metal-on-metal articulation.

J Orthop Traumatol 2018 Dec 7;19(1):21. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

UOC Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Ospedale Bolognini ASST Bergamo Est, Seriate, Italy.

Background: Large-diameter head metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are associated with increased whole blood levels of chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co), adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) and poor survival rates. The prevalence of high metals concentrations, ARMD and the risk of revision surgery may vary significantly among different prostheses and long-term studies are few. This single-center study reports the long-term results of the 38-mm MoM bearing system. Read More

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December 2018

Adaptive responses to low doses of radiation or chemicals: their cellular and molecular mechanisms.

Cell Mol Life Sci 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Institut de Radioprotection et de Sureté Nucléaire (IRSN), PSE-SANTE, SESANE, LRTOX, B.P. no 17, 92262, Fontenay-aux-Roses Cedex, France.

This article reviews the current knowledge on the mechanisms of adaptive response to low doses of ionizing radiation or chemical exposure. A better knowledge of these mechanisms is needed to improve our understanding of health risks at low levels of environmental or occupational exposure and their involvement in cancer or non-cancer diseases. This response is orchestrated through a multifaceted cellular program involving the concerted action of diverse stress response pathways. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Return to activity following revision total hip arthroplasty.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Orthopaedics, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, 51 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, UK.

Background: Demand for revision total hip arthroplasty (RTHA) continues to grow worldwide and is expected to more than double within the next 1-2 decades. The primary aim of this study was to examine return to function following revision THA in a UK population.

Patients And Methods: We assessed 118 patients (132 RTHAs, mean age 65 years SD 13, range 23-88) at a mean follow-up of 7. Read More

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December 2018

Metabolomic-Based Methods in Diagnosis and Monitoring Infection Progression.

Exp Suppl 2018 ;109:283-315

Center for Metabolomics and Bioanalysis (CEMBIO), CEU San Pablo University, Boadilla del Monte, Spain.

A robust biomarker screening and validation is crucial for overcoming the current limits in the clinical management of infectious diseases. In this chapter, a general workflow for metabolomics is summarized. Subsequently, an overview of the major contributions of this omics science to the field of biomarkers of infectious diseases is discussed. Read More

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January 2018

Mid-term clinical results of the cementless R3 cup and Polarstem total hip arthroplasty.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Trauma & Orthopaedic Department, The Hip Arthroplasty Unit, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, Wales, NP20 2UB, UK.

Background: There has been a shift from cemented to uncemented hip arthroplasty. One popular uncemented combination is the R3 acetabular cup with Polarstem, having the lowest revision rate in the UK National Joint Registry. However, there are no medium-term clinical outcomes on this combination in the literature. Read More

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December 2018

Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction Practice Patterns Across the United States.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Dec 3;6(12):2325967118811063. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Background: A proposed mechanism for recurrent instability following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is failure of the anterolateral ligament (ALL). Presently, there are a number of approaches to treating ALL pathology.

Purpose: To determine practice patterns among orthopaedic surgeons regarding ALL during ACL reconstruction. Read More

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December 2018

Pseudotumor and Subsequent Implant Loosening as a Complication of Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty with Ceramic-on-Metal Bearing: A Case Report.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):276-281. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedics, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Pseudotumors are not uncommon complications after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and may occur due to differences in bearing surfaces of the head and the liner ranging from soft to hard articulation. The most common causes of pseudotumors are foreign-body reaction, hypersensitivity and wear debris. The spectrum of pseudotumor presentation following THA varies greatly-from completely asymptomatic to clear implant failure. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hip Arthroplasty Using the Bencox® Hip System: An Evaluation of a Consecutive Series of One Thousand Cases.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):210-218. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.

Purpose: This is a report on the outcomes associated with a consecutive series of 1,000 cementless hip arthroplasties utilizing the Bencox® hip stem-the first Korean-developed hip prosthesis.

Materials And Methods: A consecutive series of 1,000 hip arthroplasties using the Bencox® hip stem were analyzed, starting from its initial release (September 2006) until June 2014. Patients in this consecutive series underwent surgery for fractures (n=552), arthritis (n=155), avascular necrosis (n=209), and revisions (n=84). Read More

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December 2018

The More the Merrier? Should Antibiotics be Used for Rhinoplasty and Septorhinoplasty?-A Review.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 16;6(10):e1972. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Southern California-Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, Calif.

Background: With antimicrobial resistance a global threat, optimizing antibiotic usage across the surgical continuum is vital. The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation recently published the first guidelines addressing management in rhinoplasty. The authors reviewed pertinent literature on the role of systemic antibiotics in rhinoplasty and septorhinoplasty. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Complications in Brow Lifts: A Systemic Review of Surgical and Nonsurgical Brow Rejuvenations.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 15;6(10):e1943. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Dallas Plastic Surgery Institute, Dallas, Tex.

Background: Brow lift has been a part of plastic surgeons' armamentarium for over a century. Although there are multiple different techniques available, there has been a dearth of literature comparing which technique is better and has lesser complications. In this study, we performed a systemic literature review of all brow lift techniques to determine and compare complication rates of each technique. Read More

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October 2018

Quality-Adjusted Life Years After Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Health-Related Quality of Life After 12,782 Joint Replacements.

JB JS Open Access 2018 Sep 15;3(3):e0007. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Adult Reconstruction & Joint Replacement Division, The Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY.

Background: The quality-adjusted life year (QALY) is the preferred outcome measurement for cost-effectiveness analysis in health care. QALYs measure patient health-related quality of life with use of a value between 0 and 1. Few studies have provided original data delineating QALYs after hip and knee arthroplasty. Read More

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September 2018

A comprehensive review of biodegradable synthetic polymer-ceramic composites and their manufacture for biomedical applications.

Bioact Mater 2019 Mar 27;4(1):22-36. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria, 3001, Australia.

The application of various materials in biomedical procedures has recently experienced rapid growth. One area that is currently receiving significant attention from the scientific community is the treatment of a number of different types of bone-related diseases and disorders by using biodegradable polymer-ceramic composites. Biomaterials, the most common materials used to repair or replace damaged parts of the human body, can be categorized into three major groups: metals, ceramics, and polymers. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Meningitis as a Complication of Facial Nerve Decompression for Vertebrobasilar Dolichoectasia.

Cureus 2018 Oct 1;10(10):e3392. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Radiology, VA Medical Center, Riviera Beach, USA.

We present a case of a 55-year-old lady with intermittent twitching of the left side of her face, involving her left eyelid and the angle of the mouth, ongoing for two years. She failed multiple trials of botulinum toxin injections as well as oral anti-spasmodic medications. The patient was diagnosed with an ectatic left vertebral artery, causing a compression of cranial nerve VII on the same side on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

COI barcoding of plant bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Miridae).

PeerJ 2018 4;6:e6070. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Laboratory of Systematic Entomology, Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.

The family Miridae is the most diverse and one of the most economically important groups in Heteroptera. However, identification of mirid species on the basis of morphology is difficult and time-consuming. In the present study, we evaluated the effectiveness of COI barcoding for 123 species of plant bugs in seven subfamilies. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A revision of the genus (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in Korea.

Anim Cells Syst (Seoul) 2018 14;22(6):415-420. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Division of EcoScience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.

Férussac, 1822 is an abundant genus of small gastropods found in the upper littoral zone of rocky seashores worldwide. Although ecologically important, shell-based species identification in this genus is challenging due to phenotypic variation in shell morphology and lack of diagnostic characters among morphologically similar species. In this study, we revised the taxonomy of Korean species using morphological characters (shell and radula) and mitochondrial DNA sequences for three Korean species: , and . Read More

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November 2018

Revision of the genus Zeller, 1839, a challenging taxonomic tightrope of species delimitation (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae).

Zookeys 2018 29(800):1-278. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Zoological Museum, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark Zoological Museum, Natural History Museum of Denmark Copenhagen Denmark.

The taxonomy of the Palearctic genus Zeller, 1839 (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) is revised, based on external morphology, genitalia and DNA barcodes. An integrative taxonomic approach supports the existence of 85 species which are arranged in 24 species groups (disputed taxa from other faunal regions are discussed). Morphology of all species is described and figured in detail. Read More

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November 2018

Three-Dimensional Models in Planning of Revision Hip Arthroplasty with Complex Acetabular Defects.

Indian J Orthop 2018 Nov-Dec;52(6):625-630

Department of Trauma, Orthopaedics and Disaster Surgery, Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow 119991, Russia.

Background: Careful preoperative planning in revision cases with complex acetabular defects is crucial for optimal surgery outcome. However, in many cases, computed tomography (CT) scans cannot give a clear understanding of the pelvic destruction. Three-dimensional (3D) models-based on CT data can help surgeon in planning of complex acetabular reconstruction. Read More

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December 2018

A Comparative Study of Conservative Functional Treatment versus Acute Ligamentous Repair in Simple Dislocation of the Elbow in Adults.

Indian J Orthop 2018 Nov-Dec;52(6):584-589

Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

Background: Elbow dislocation is the second most frequent type of large joint dislocations in adults. Standard treatment of simple elbow dislocation (SED) without manifestation of instability includes closed reduction, short-term immobilization of the elbow followed by functional aftercare. This study evaluates SED treatment, comparing outcomes of conservative functional treatment and surgical therapy. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Reoperations Following Lumbar Spinal Canal Stenosis.

Indian J Orthop 2018 Nov-Dec;52(6):578-583

Department of Orthopaedics and Spine Surgery, Zydus Hospitals and Healthcare Research Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

In the current clinical scenario, restenosis following the primary surgical procedure for lumbar canal stenosis is being frequently noticed. A number of studies have evaluated the reoperation rates following different surgical procedures for lumbar canal stenosis. However, a dilemma still exists about the surgical procedures, associated comorbidities and reoperation rates. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Outcome of Patients with Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: 20-Years Follow-up of Treatment Protocol.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, and Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Email:

Background: The treatment plan for cleft lip and palate varies among centers, and requires long-term evaluation of its final outcome.

Methods: A consecutive patients born in 1994 to 1996 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were complete unilateral cleft lip and palate, receiving all treatment procedures in the team and continuous follow-ups until 20 years of age. Read More

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November 2018

The Occipital Artery Based Fascial Flap for Ear Reconstruction.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA Department of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100 3584 CX Utrecht Cedars Sinai Hospital, Los Angeles, CA Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.

Background: The temporoparietal fascia (TPF) flap is frequently used in ear reconstruction. When the TPF is unavailable, options for primary or secondary salvage reconstruction are limited. In these patients, an inferiorly based occipital artery fascia (OCF) transpositional flap is a good alternative for soft tissue coverage over a framework. Read More

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November 2018

Epidemiology of Meningitis and Encephalitis in Infants and Children in the United States, 2011-2014.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2019 Jan;38(1):37-41

bioMérieux, Durham, NC.

Background: Large epidemiologic studies evaluating the etiologies, management decisions and outcomes of infants and children with meningitis and encephalitis in the United States are lacking.

Methods: Children 0-17 years of age with meningitis or encephalitis as assessed by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, codes available in the Premier Healthcare Database during 2011-2014 were analyzed.

Results: Six thousand six hundred sixty-five patients with meningitis or encephalitis were identified; 3030 (45. Read More

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January 2019

In the Beginning...There Was Nursing Ethics.

Authors:
Marsha D Fowler

J Christ Nurs 2019 Jan/Mar;36(1):14

Marsha D. Fowler, PhD, MDiv, MS, RN, FAAN, served as colead writer (with Col. Martha Turner, PhD, RN) and "Historian and Code Scholar" on the 2015 revision of the ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements. Marsha is senior fellow and professor of Ethics, Spirituality, and Faith Integration at Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, California.

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December 2018

Cemented Femoral Component Use in Hip Arthroplasty.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

From Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand (Dr. Scanelli), the Shenandoah Valley Orthopedics, Fishersville, VA (Dr. Reiser), Riverside Orthopedics, Williamsburg, VA (Dr. Sloboda), and Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Roanoke, VA (Dr. Moskal).

Elderly patients undergoing both elective and nonelective hip arthroplasty contribute markedly to health care spending, and the current aging population is likely to require even more resources. Several national joint replacement registries show a lower risk of revision surgery in patients older than 75 years who received cemented femoral components compared with cementless implants for primary total hip arthroplasty. Despite a higher incidence of early periprosthetic femoral fracture, noncemented femoral components are being used with increasing frequency in elderly patients worldwide. Read More

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December 2018

Confronting Clinical Rotations.

J Nurs Adm 2019 Jan;49(1):6-8

Author Affiliations: Managing Director and Chief Nursing Officer, The Advisory Board Company, Washington, DC.

The pace and scope of change in the US healthcare industry has been relentless. Organizational and system responses include dramatic redesign of structures, processes, and services to support cross-continuum care. The education of nursing students must keep up with rapid delivery system change. Read More

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January 2019

Ahmed Glaucoma Valve Revision versus Visco-Trabeculotomy After Failed Ahmed Glaucoma Valve in Refractory Pediatric Glaucoma.

J Glaucoma 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Ophthalmology. Faculty of Medicine. Alexandria University. Alexandria, Egypt.

Purpose: To compare the outcome on the IOP of Ahmed Glaucoma Valve (AGV) revision to Visco-trabeculotomy (VT) in children eyes with failed AGV.

Patients And Methods: A prospective randomized study conducted on 41 children (41 eyes) with uncontrolled glaucoma with an AGV presenting to the pediatric ophthalmology clinic of Mansoura Ophthalmic Center between 2011 and 2016. Study eyes were randomized to AGV revision or VT. Read More

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December 2018