23,838 results match your criteria Retinoblastoma

3,5,7-Substituted Pyrazolo[4,3-]Pyrimidine Inhibitors of Cyclin-Dependent Kinases and Cyclin K Degraders.

J Med Chem 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Science, Palacký University Olomouc, Šlechtitelů 27, 78371 Olomouc, Czech Republic.

3,5,7-Trisubstituted pyrazolo[4,3-]pyrimidines have been identified as potent inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), which are established drug targets. Herein, we describe their further structural modifications leading to novel nanomolar inhibitors with strong antiproliferative activity. We determined the crystal structure of fully active CDK2/A2 with 5-(2-amino-1-ethyl)thio-3-cyclobutyl-7-[4-(pyrazol-1-yl)benzyl]amino-1(2)-pyrazolo[4,3-]pyrimidine () at 1. Read More

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Suspected Levetiracetam-Induced Acute Rhabdomyolysis in a Patient With Retinoblastoma: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2022 May 21;14(5):e25183. Epub 2022 May 21.

Internal Medicine, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Eastern Health Cluster, Dammam, SAU.

Rhabdomyolysis is a condition characterized by the destruction of the skeletal muscle and the release of its content into the circulation, and it can cause acute kidney injury (AKI). There are numerous causes for the development of this condition, and some of them are rare. Levetiracetam, an antiepileptic agent, has been speculated as a rare possibility for the development of rhabdomyolysis. Read More

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Patients with Invasive Lobular Carcinoma Show a Significant Increase in IRS-4 Expression Compared to Infiltrative Ductal Carcinoma-A Histopathological Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 28;58(6). Epub 2022 May 28.

Ramón y Cajal Institute of Sanitary Research (IRYCIS), 28034 Madrid, Spain.

Breast cancer (BC) is the first diagnosed type of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women. In addition, despite the improvement in treatment and survival in these patients, the global prevalence and incidence of this cancer are rising, and its mortality may be different according to the histological subtype. Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) is less common but entails a poorer prognosis than infiltrative ductal carcinoma (IDC), exhibiting a different clinical and histopathological profile. Read More

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Novel Exon 3 Haplotype-Associated Splicing Defect in Patients with X-Linked Cone Dysfunction.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 20;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Centre for Ophthalmology, University of Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.

Certain combinations of common variants in exon 3 of and , the genes encoding the apo-protein of the long- and middle-wavelength sensitive cone photoreceptor visual pigments in humans, induce splicing defects and have been associated with dyschromatopsia and cone dysfunction syndromes. Here we report the identification of a novel exon 3 haplotype, G-C-G-A-T-T-G-G (referring to nucleotide variants at cDNA positions c.453, c. Read More

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The Anaphase Promoting Complex/ cyclosome co-activator, Cdh1, is a novel target of human Papillomavirus 16 E7 oncoprotein in cervical oncogenesis.

Carcinogenesis 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Biochemistry, University of Delhi South Campus, Benito Juarez Marg, New Delhi, India.

The transforming properties of the high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) E7 oncoprotein are indispensable for driving the virus life cycle and pathogenesis. Besides inactivation of the retinoblastoma family of tumor suppressors as part of its oncogenic endeavors, E7-mediated perturbations of eminent cell cycle regulators, checkpoint proteins and proto-oncogenes are considered to be the tricks of its transformative traits. However, many such critical interactions are still unknown. Read More

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An atypical clinical/radiological presentation of Retinoblastoma in a 4-year-old child: A case report & educational lessons from Syria.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 18;78:103830. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Pathology, Cancer Research Center, Tishreen University Hospital, Latakia, Syria.

Introduction: Retinoblastoma (Rb), the most common intraocular malignancy of children, typically presents with leukocoria or strabismus, and in later stages, the most common sign may be proptosis. Radiological techniques show calcification as an important finding for the diagnoses. This neoplasm can mimic any orbital or ocular disease in its atypical clinical/radiological presentations, which delay the diagnosis leading to high mortality rates. Read More

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Recent advances in diagnosis and treatment of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms.

World J Gastrointest Surg 2022 May;14(5):383-396

Clinic of General Surgery, Molecular Oncology and Immunotherapy, Rostock University Medical Center, 18057 Rostock, Germany.

Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) are a rare group of tumors originating from neuroendocrine cells of the digestive system. Their incidence has increased over the last decades. The specific pathogenetic mechanisms underlying GEP-NEN development have not been completely revealed. Read More

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[Over-expression of NUDT21 inhibits the proliferation of HCT-116 colon cancer cells via blocking P53/CDK2/Rb pathway].

Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Jun;38(6):507-512

State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnostics, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China. *Corresponding authors, E-mail:

Objective To investigate the effect of over-expression of nudix hydrolase 21 (NUDT21) on the proliferation of colon cancer HCT-116 cells and its mechanism. Methods The NUDT21 over-expression plasmid was constructed by Gibson assembly. The colony formation assay and CCK-8 assay were used to detect cell proliferation. Read More

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"RB-reactivator screening" as a novel cell-based assay for discoveries of molecular targeting agents including the first-in-class MEK inhibitor trametinib (trade name: Mekinist).

Toshiyuki Sakai

Pharmacol Ther 2022 Jun 19:108234. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Drug Discovery Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan. Electronic address:

The retinoblastoma gene (RB) was discovered as the first tumor-suppressor gene. It was subsequently shown to be inactivated in most malignant tumors, particularly at the protein level. Therefore, many activated oncogenes as well as inactivated tumor-suppressor genes inactivate the function of the RB protein. Read More

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Diagnosis and treatment of Merkel cell carcinoma: European consensus-based interdisciplinary guideline - Update 2022.

Eur J Cancer 2022 Jun 19;171:203-231. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Universite' de Paris, INSERM U976, AP-HP, Dermatology Department, Saint Louis Hospital, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare skin cancer, accounting for less than 1% of all cutaneous malignancies. It is found predominantly in white populations and risk factors include advanced age, ultraviolet exposure, male sex, immunosuppression, such as AIDS/HIV infection, haematological malignancies or solid organ transplantation, and Merkel cell polyomavirus infection. MCC is an aggressive tumour with 26% of cases presenting lymph node involvement at diagnosis and 8% with distant metastases. Read More

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N Engl J Med 2022 06;386(25):2412

Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.

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[Retracted] MicroRNA‑448 inhibits the progression of retinoblastoma by directly targeting ROCK1 and regulating PI3K/AKT signalling pathway.

Oncol Rep 2022 Aug 22;48(2). Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key Laboratory, Beijing 100730, P.R. China.

Following the publication of this paper, it was drawn to the Editors' attention by a concerned reader that three data panels featured in the flow cytometric plots shown in Figs. 5D and 6D, and several panels from the cell invasion assays shown in Figs. 5C and 6C, were strikingly similar to data appearing in different form in other articles by different authors. Read More

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MYCN induces cell-specific tumorigenic growth in RB1-proficient human retinal organoid and chicken retina models of retinoblastoma.

Oncogenesis 2022 Jun 21;11(1):34. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Immunology, Genetics, and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Retinoblastoma is a rare, intraocular paediatric cancer that originates in the neural retina and is most frequently caused by bi-allelic loss of RB1 gene function. Other oncogenic mutations, such as amplification and increased expression of the MYCN gene, have been found even with proficient RB1 function. In this study, we investigated whether MYCN over-expression can drive carcinogenesis independently of RB1 loss-of-function mutations. Read More

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A Japanese case of castration-resistant prostate cancer with BRCA2 and RB1 co-loss and TP53 mutation: a case report.

BMC Med Genomics 2022 Jun 20;15(1):138. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Urology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

Background: Abnormalities in homologous recombination contribute to the aggressive nature of castration-resistant prostate cancer. Retinoblastoma transcriptional corepressor 1 (RB1) and breast cancer 2 (BRCA2) exist close to each other in the same chromosome, and the significance of their concurrent loss has become a hot topic in the field of cancer research.

Case Presentation: A 61-year-old man presented with a chief complaint of a mass on his head and was diagnosed as multiple bone metastases from prostate cancer. Read More

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Defining the molecular underpinnings controlling cardiomyocyte proliferation.

Clin Sci (Lond) 2022 Jun;136(12):911-934

Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, 1 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario Canada M5G 1A8.

Shortly after birth, mammalian cardiomyocytes (CM) exit the cell cycle and cease to proliferate. The inability of adult CM to replicate renders the heart particularly vulnerable to injury. Restoration of CM proliferation would be an attractive clinical target for regenerative therapies that can preserve contractile function and thus prevent the development of heart failure. Read More

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The journey of embracing life: Mothers' perspectives of living with their children with retinoblastoma.

J Pediatr Nurs 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Faculty of Nursing, Airlangga University, Surabaya Indonesia, Faculty of Vocational, Airlangga Indonesia, Mulyorejo, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study aimed to explore the experience and views of mothers with children who have been diagnosed with retinoblastoma.

Design And Methods: A descriptive qualitative study was conducted in the period of 2019-2021. Interviews were conducted with 21 mothers of children diagnosed with retinoblastoma in Indonesia. Read More

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Structural basis for tunable affinity and specificity of LxCxE-dependent protein interactions with the retinoblastoma protein family.

Structure 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA. Electronic address:

The retinoblastoma protein (Rb) and its homologs p107 and p130 are critical regulators of gene expression during the cell cycle and are commonly inactivated in cancer. Rb proteins use their "pocket domain" to bind an LxCxE sequence motif in other proteins, many of which function with Rb proteins to co-regulate transcription. Here, we present binding data and crystal structures of the p107 pocket domain in complex with LxCxE peptides from the transcriptional co-repressor proteins HDAC1, ARID4A, and EID1. Read More

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Altered Expression of RB and pRB in Tissue Arrays of Primary Breast Cancers and Matched Axillary Lymph Node Metastases.

Breast J 2022 4;2022:5221257. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cancer Comprehensive Center, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Objectives: The retinoblastoma (RB) pathway is crucial in the development and progression of many cancers. To better understand the biology of progressive breast cancer (BC), we examined protein expression of the RB pathway in primary BCs and matched axillary lymph node metastases (LM).

Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate cyclin D1, CDK4/6, RB, phosphorylated RB (pRB), and E2F1 expression in tissue arrays containing cores of 50 primary BCs and matched LM. Read More

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Immunolocalization of tumor suppressors arhgap28 and retinoblastoma in the lizard Podarcis muralis suggests that they contribute to the regulated regeneration of the tail.

Lorenzo Alibardi

J Morphol 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Comparative Histolab, Padova, Italy.

Tail regeneration in lizards is an outstanding and unique postembryonic morphogenetic process. This developmental process is regulated by poorly known factors, but recent studies have suggested that it derives from a balanced activity between oncoproteins and tumor suppressors. Transcriptome and expression data have indicated that arhgap28 and retinoblastoma proteins are among the main tumor suppressors activated during tail regeneration. Read More

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[Retracted] microRNA‑485 inhibits the malignant behaviors of retinoblastoma by directly targeting Wnt3a.

Oncol Rep 2022 Aug 15;48(2). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, China‑Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130033, P.R. China.

Following the publication of the above paper, the authors submitted a request to the Editorial Office to retract the article on account of the fact that the ethical approval for the tumor xenograft experiments performed in mice, as shown in Fig. 7, had not been obtained from their hospital; consequently, all authors were in agreement that the article should be retracted to ensure the integrity of the scholarly record. Independently of this request, it was also drawn to the Editor's attention by a concerned reader that data in several of the figures were strikingly similar to data appearing in different form in other articles by different authors. Read More

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Improving Medical Students' Awareness About Retinoblastoma: A Practical Strategy.

Clin Ophthalmol 2022 7;16:1807-1814. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Surgery (Ophthalmology), King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan.

Background: Eye salvage and survival for patients with retinoblastoma (RB) can be improved by enhancement of early diagnosis. This study aims to investigate the impact of modifying the teaching curriculum for medical students about awareness of this condition.

Methods: Medical students completed a questionnaire about RB, preluded by a photograph of a child with leukocoria. Read More

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Pediatric Oculo-orbital Tumor Characteristics, Imaging and Histopathology Agreement in a Tertiary Level Teaching Hospital, Ethiopia.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2022 Mar;32(2):313-320

Department of Radiology, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Oculo-orbital tumors are frequently encountered pathologies and late diagnosis results in high morbidity and mortality in developing countries. This study aims to assess the computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging patterns of pediatric oculo-orbital tumors with particular emphasis on retinoblastoma and compare agreement between imaging and histopathology diagnosis.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of 101 pediatric patients with oculo-orbital lesions from February 2017 to January 2020 at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital oncology center. Read More

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Long noncoding RNA UCA1 promotes carboplatin resistance in retinoblastoma cells by acting as a ceRNA of miR-206.

Am J Cancer Res 2022 15;12(5):2160-2172. Epub 2022 May 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi, China.

Chemoresistance has become a major obstacle to effective retinoblastoma treatment. The urothelial cancer-associated gene 1 () is commonly considered an oncogene in certain types of cancer and is related to drug resistance. Nonetheless, the molecular mechanism and effect of in carboplatin resistance in retinoblastoma are unclear. Read More

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Survival outcomes of unilateral retinoblastoma based on pathological risk stratification-experience at a tertiary care centre in Pakistan.

Ecancermedicalscience 2022 1;16:1360. Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Department of Pediatric Oncology, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, 7A, Johar Town, Lahore 54782, Pakistan.

Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common childhood intraocular malignancy. In high-income countries over the past decade, upfront enucleation for unilateral RB is least favoured due to other alternatives that can help in globe preservation, but in low-middle income countries it is still the preferred option due to lack of resources and expertise. The treatment of RB after enucleation is tailored based on the histopathological risk features, as adjuvant chemotherapy with high-risk features reduces the risk of metastasis. Read More

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The Expression of Connexin 37, 40, 43, 45 and Pannexin 1 in the Early Human Retina and Choroid Development and Tumorigenesis.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 May 25;23(11). Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, School of Medicine, University of Split, Šoltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia.

The expression pattern of Connexins (Cx) 37, 40, 43, 45 and Pannexin 1 (Pnx1) was analyzed immunohistochemically, as well as semi-quantitatively and quantitatively in histological sections of developing 8th- to 12th-week human eyes and postnatal healthy eye, in retinoblastoma and different uveal melanomas. Expressions of both Cx37 and Cx43 increased during development but diminished in the postnatal period, being higher in the retina than in the choroid. Cx37 was highly expressed in the choroid of retinoblastoma, and Cx43 in epitheloid melanoma, while they were both increasingly expressed in mixoid melanoma. Read More

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Yi-Xin-Shu capsule ameliorates cardiac hypertrophy by regulating RB/HDAC1/GATA4 signaling pathway based on proteomic and mass spectrometry image analysis.

Phytomedicine 2022 Aug 1;103:154185. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China. Electronic address:

Background: Cardiac hypertrophy (CH) forms the main pathological basis of chronic heart failure (CHF). Mitigating and preventing CH is the key strategy for the treatment of ventricular remodeling in CHF. Yi-Xin-Shu capsule (YXS) has been commonly applied in the clinical treatment of CHF in Asian countries for several decades. Read More

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Indole-3-Carbinol, a Phytochemical Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor-Ligand, Induces the mRNA Overexpression of UBE2L3 and Cell Proliferation Arrest.

Curr Issues Mol Biol 2022 May 8;44(5):2054-2068. Epub 2022 May 8.

Laboratorio de Biología Molecular del Cáncer, UMIEZ, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México 09230, Mexico.

Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common cancers in women, and is linked to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The virus oncoprotein E6 binds to p53, resulting in its degradation and allowing uncontrolled cell proliferation. Meanwhile, the HPV E7 protein maintains host cell differentiation by targeting retinoblastoma tumor suppressor. Read More

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Health-Related Quality of Life in Adolescent and Young Adult Retinoblastoma Survivors.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol Nurs 2022 Jun 8:27527530221073766. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

5150Children's Hospital, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Retinoblastoma (RB) is a malignant intraocular tumor diagnosed in early childhood that requires extensive medical and surgical treatment at a young age. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is thought to be diminished due to visual impairment, facial deformities, and fear of recurrence or secondary cancer. However, few studies have identified variables associated with HRQOL among those with RB. Read More

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RNA polymerase I inhibition induces terminal differentiation, growth arrest and vulnerability to senolytics in colorectal cancer cells.

Mol Oncol 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Experimental Visceral Surgery, Department of General, Visceral, Transplantation, Vascular and Pediatric Surgery (Department of Surgery I), University Hospital Würzburg, Germany.

Ribosomal biogenesis and protein synthesis are deregulated in most cancers, suggesting that interfering with translation machinery may hold significant therapeutic potential. Here we show that loss of the tumor suppressor adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), which constitutes the initiating event in the adenoma carcinoma sequence for colorectal cancer (CRC), induces expression of RNA polymerase I (RNAPOL1) transcription machinery and subsequently upregulates ribosomal DNA (rDNA) transcription. Targeting RNAPOL1 with a specific inhibitor, CX5461, disrupts nucleolar integrity and induces a disbalance of ribosomal proteins. Read More

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Krüppel-like transcription factor 16 transcriptional up-regulation of cellular retinoic acid-binding proteins-2 promotes the invasion and migration and inhibits apoptosis of retinoblastoma cells by regulating integrin-β1/focal adhesion kinase /extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway.

Bioengineered 2022 02;13(2):3694-3706

Optometry Center, Shaanxi Eye Hospital, Xi'an People's Hospital (Xi'an Fourth Hospital), Affiliated Guangren Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.

As a common intraocular malignancy in pediatrics, retinoblastoma (RB) has high prevalence worldwide. We conducted this study, aiming to explore the molecular mechanism of Krüppel-like transcription factor 16 (KLF16)/cellular retinoic acid-binding proteins-2 (CRABP2) in regulating the invasion and migration and apoptosis of RB cells via integrin-β1/focal adhesion kinase (FAK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway. With the adoption of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot, the mRNA and protein expression of CRABP2 and KLF16 were measured. Read More

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February 2022