3,046 results match your criteria Retinal Detachment Rhegmatogenous


Frequency of Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment after Intravitreal Therapy in Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration.

Ophthalmol Retina 2020 Apr 14. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

VitreoRetinal Surgery PA, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Electronic address:

Purpose: To identify characteristics of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) after rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), including changes to injection intervals.

Design: Single-center retrospective, consecutive review.

Participants: All patients with RRD receiving anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment for nAMD from January 1, 2014, through October 30, 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2020.03.028DOI Listing

Re. Guber et al: How to Prevent Retinal Shift after Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Repair: A Prospective, Randomized Study.

Ophthalmol Retina 2020 07;4(7):e5

Vitreoretinal Department, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2020.01.020DOI Listing

Re: Guber et al: How to Prevent Retinal Shift after Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Repair.

Ophthalmol Retina 2020 07;4(7):e5-e6

Newcastle Eye Centre, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2020.02.004DOI Listing

Effect of silicone oil on peripapillary capillary density in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

BMC Ophthalmol 2020 Jul 7;20(1):268. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, No.1 Shuai Fu Yuan, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of silicone oil (SO) on peripapillary blood flow using OCT angiography.

Methods: This prospective case series recruited patients with unilateral rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) who underwent vitrectomy and SO tamponade. Patients were examined before SO removal and at 10 days, 1 month, and 3 months after SO removal on a spectral domain OCT angiography device (RTVue XR Avanti, Optovue Inc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-020-01533-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7339486PMC

Paracentral and Cecocentral Scotomas after Pars Plana Vitrectomy for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.

Am J Ophthalmol 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

University of Southern California Roski Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California.

Purpose: To describe novel paracentral and cecocentral visual scotomas after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair over a five-year time period.

Design: Retrospective Case Series METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all patients who reported visual scotomas after 23-gauge or 25-gauge PPV (CONSTELLATION® Vision System, Alcon, Ft. Worth, TX) for RRD repair by a single surgeon (RNK) from January of 2013 through December of 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2020.06.026DOI Listing

Retinal Microvasculature Changes After Repair of Macula-off Retinal Detachment Assessed with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.

Clin Ophthalmol 2020 26;14:1759-1767. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Retina Service, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: To characterize the microvascular retinal changes after repair of macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A).

Patients And Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent repair of macula-off RRD. Fellow unaffected eyes were used as controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S214623DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326212PMC

Standardized scleral buckling approach in the management of noncomplex primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Jul 2:1120672120940209. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Ophthalmology Department, Fatebenefratelli-Oftalmico Hospital, ASST-Fatebenefratelli-Sacco, Milan, Italy.

Purpose: To analyze the anatomical and functional outcomes of a standardized scleral buckling approach in patients with noncomplex primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

Methods: Retrospective institutional case series of 135 eyes of 131 patients diagnosed with noncomplex primary RRD. All patients underwent scleral buckling surgery with the placement of an encircling 5 mm oval sponge at 15 ± 2 mm posteriorly from the limbus, cryopexy, subretinal fluid drainage, and air tamponade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120940209DOI Listing

The Use of Inner Retinectomy to Relieve Inner Retinal Foreshortening Causing Retinal Detachment in the Setting of Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion.

Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2020 13;2020:8853425. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.

A 61-year-old Japanese woman presented with impairment of her left vision due to macular schisis secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion. Her left vision was 20/50, and schisis was observed inferotemporally. She underwent phacoemulsification and aspiration, implantation of the intraocular lens, and removal of the epiretinal membrane and internal limiting membrane. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8853425DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7312967PMC

Ultra-widefield autofluorescence imaging findings in retinoschisis, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and combined retinoschisis retinal detachment.

Acta Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Purpose: Retinoschisis (RS), rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and combined RS retinal detachment (RSRD) may resemble clinically and pose a diagnostic challenge. This study investigates the role of the fundus autofluorescence (AF) in differentiating RS, RRD and RSRD.

Methods: Fundus AF changes of 34 eyes diagnosed with RRD, 30 eyes with RS and 12 eyes with RSRD were retrospectively analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.14521DOI Listing

Endophthalmitis After Cataract Surgery: Changes in Management Based on Microbiologic Cultures.

Ophthalmol Retina 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Wills Eye Hospital, Mid Atlantic Retina, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the utility of microbiologic culture data for the management of endophthalmitis following cataract surgery.

Design: Retrospective, single-center, cohort study PARTICIPANTS: All patients treated for endophthalmitis following cataract surgery between 1/1/2014 and 12/31/2017 at a single institution.

Methods: Endophthalmitis cases were determined from billing records and confirmed with chart review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2020.06.028DOI Listing

Long-term prophylaxis in an immunocompetent patient with Cytomegalovirus retinitis: a case report and review of literature.

J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 2020 Jun 26;10(1):16. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Cytomegalovirus retinitis is an infectious sight-threatening condition that usually occurs in immunosuppressed individuals, but rare cases of Cytomegalovirus retinitis have been reported in immunocompetent patients.

Findings: A 68-year-old woman without any history of systemic diseases referred to the emergency ward of Farabi eye hospital with a two-week history of decreased vision in her left eye. Fundoscopy of the left eye revealed mild venous tortuosity, hemorrhagic retinitis within the macula, and papillitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12348-020-00207-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7316935PMC

Retinal detachment with spontaneous dialysis of the ora serrata in a 13-year-old child with neurofibromatosis type 1: A case report.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2020 Jul;68(7):1473-1475

Departament of Ophthalmology, Hospital Clínico; Associated Professor of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Universidad de Valencia, Spain.

A 13-year-old child diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1 who on a routine control presented with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated to dialysis of the ora serrata in the left eye (OS). There were no clinical signs or history of contuse ocular trauma. Neurofibromatosis produces alterations in fibroblasts of the cortex of the vitreous base. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1895_19DOI Listing

Incidence and management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after pars plana vitrectomy and sutureless scleral-fixated intraocular lens.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2020 Jul;68(7):1432-1435

Department of Vitreo-Retinal Services, Aravind Eye Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Purpose: To evaluate the incidence, risk factor(s), and surgical outcomes of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with sutureless scleral-fixated intraocular lens implantation (SFIOL).

Methods: Records of patients (1311 eyes, 1234 patients) who underwent PPV and sutureless SFIOL from 2017 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: The indications SFIOL were subluxated lens (33. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1974_19DOI Listing

Factors affecting visual recovery after successful repair of macula-off retinal detachments: findings from a large prospective UK cohort study.

Eye (Lond) 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Objective: To identify risk factors affecting visual outcomes in successfully re-attached macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) surgery.

Design: A prospective study, using online databases, of visual outcomes for 2074 macula-off retinal detachments that were successfully re-attached by vitrectomy and internal tamponade. The database included detailed retinal diagrams of each detachment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-1021-yDOI Listing
June 2020
1.897 Impact Factor

Timing and Reoperation Rate of Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachments Occurring During Major Ophthalmology Meetings.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2020 06;51(6):328-337

Background And Objective: To investigate whether surgical management of newly diagnosed rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) varies if patients are diagnosed during a major national ophthalmology conference.

Patients And Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 34,759 patients with incident RRD, of whom, 1,246 (3.6%) were diagnosed during dates of three national ophthalmology conferences, and 1,170 (3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/23258160-20200603-03DOI Listing

Pneumatic retinopexy preceded by drainage of subretinal fluid for the treatment of severe bullous retinal detachment.

Acta Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Eye Clinic, Department of Neurological and Vision Sciences, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety outcomes of scleral buckling (SB) and drainage-injection-pneumoretinopexy (DIP), a modified pneumatic retinopexy technique, in which, before gas injection, subretinal fluid is drained with a simultaneous injection of balanced salt solution (BSS) in the vitreous chamber, for the treatment of severe superior bullous rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (SBRD).

Methods: This prospective, randomized, comparative study included 58 eyes with severe SBRD that were randomized 1:1 to undergo SB or DIP. The main outcome measures included success rate, visual acuity, mean change in refractive error and surgery duration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.14528DOI Listing

Comparison of fundus changes following silicone oil and sterilized air tamponade for macular-on retinal detachment patients.

BMC Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 22;20(1):249. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai First People's Hospital), School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Background: To investigate different tamponade effects of intravitreal silicone oil (SO) and sterilized air on macular vasculature and structure after successful retinal repair for macular-on rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) patients.

Method: 21 eyes (21 patients) with macular-on RRD underwent single pars plana vitrectomy following intravitreal SO or sterilized air (Gas) tamponade. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and angiography were used to evaluate retinal layer thickness and flow density (FD) changes throughout the observation period of 12 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-020-01523-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310510PMC
June 2020
1.075 Impact Factor

Acute retinal necrosis: Clinical manifestation and long-term visual outcomes in a series of polymerase chain reaction-positive patients.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 21:1120672120936181. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Eye Research Center, Rassoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To report the clinical spectrum, viral etiologies, therapeutic interventions, timing of rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD), and visual outcomes in acute retinal necrosis (ARN) syndrome in a series of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive eyes.

Methods: From January 2010 to January 2017, consecutive patients with the clinical diagnosis of ARN and a positive aqueous viral PCR were included in this observational, retrospective study.

Results: Nineteen eyes found to have a clinical diagnosis of ARN, of which 18 (94. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120936181DOI Listing

Vision-Related Functioning in Patients Undergoing Pneumatic Retinopexy vs Vitrectomy for Primary Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment: A Post Hoc Exploratory Analysis of the PIVOT Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Newcastle Eye Centre, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, England.

Importance: Although rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair techniques have high anatomical reattachment rates, there may be differences in various aspects of postoperative vision-related quality of life (VRQoL).

Objective: To explore the differences in various aspects of VRQoL between pneumatic retinopexy (PnR) and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) following RRD repair.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Post hoc exploratory analysis of the the Pneumatic Retinopexy vs Vitrectomy for the Management of Primary Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Outcomes randomized clinical trial conducted between August 2012 and May 2017 at St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.2007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303897PMC

Minimally interface vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with a single break in young patients.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Sep 28;19:100739. Epub 2020 May 28.

Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Purpose: This study evaluates a new surgical technique consisting of minimal vitreous removal under air (minimal interface vitrectomy; MIV) to reduce postoperative complications while preserving the ability to address surgical factors at the retinal break.

Methods: This retrospective analysis examined the outcomes of minimal interface vitrectomies in consecutive cases, with a minimum 12-month follow-up period, of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), recurrent RRD after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), or failed surgery after primary scleral buckling surgery (SBS).

Results: Twelve eyes of 12 patients with RRD underwent MIV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2020.100739DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7287242PMC
September 2020

Case Report on Giant Pars Plana Cysts Mimicking Retinal Detachment.

Int Med Case Rep J 2020 20;13:191-194. Epub 2020 May 20.

Retina Macula Institute, Torrance, CA, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of peripheral elevated lesions mimicking retinal detachment which were ultimately ascertained to be giant pars plana cysts through ophthalmoscopy with scleral depression.

Methods: This was a case report documented with ophthalmoscopy and Optos imaging.

Results: Patient initially referred for assessment of bilateral retinal detachment was found by careful ophthalmoscopy with scleral depression to have bilateral giant pars plana cysts with no frank retinal breaks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S252129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246314PMC

Successful Treatment of Peripheral Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy with Cryocoagulation During Retinal Detachment Repair - A New Surgical Technique.

Clin Ophthalmol 2020 22;14:1413-1416. Epub 2020 May 22.

Eye Clinic, Cantonal Hospital Sankt Gallen, Sankt Gallen, Switzerland.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of extrascleral cryocoagulation for the treatment of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) during retinal detachment repair.

Methods: Patients with a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with peripheral PVR Grade C star-folds were included in this study and analysed retrospectively. In all patients, PVR star-folds were treated by extrascleral cryocoagulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S249881DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250305PMC

Position of macula lutea and presence of proliferative vitreoretinopathy affect vitreous cytokine expression in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

PLoS One 2020 15;15(6):e0234525. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

Our purpose was to evaluate the concentrations of vitreous cytokines in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). We hypothesized that patients with macula on RRD have lower levels of cytokines compared to patients with macula off RRD and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Vitreous fluids were collected during 23G pars plana vitrectomy from 58 eyes of 58 patients. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0234525PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7295219PMC

Coccidioidal Endophthalmitis: Excellent Recovery of Vision with Aggressive Use of Intravitreal Antifungals and Vitrectomy.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Retina Service, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of Coccidioides immitis endophthalmitis with severe vision loss and a return to excellent vision following aggressive intervention.

Methods: Case report.

Results: A 41-year-old male with a history of solid organ transplantation who complained of floaters and decreased vision in the setting of disseminated Coccidioides infection was found to have presumed coccidioidal endophthalmitis with visual acuities (VA) of 20/20 in the right eye and 20/200 in the left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICB.0000000000001022DOI Listing

Incidence of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after bag-in-the-lens IOL implantation: extended follow-up in a larger cohort of patients.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2020 Jun;46(6):820-826

From the Department of Ophthalmology, Antwerp University Hospital (Van den Heurck, Boven, Van Looveren, Mathysen, Chiairi, Tassignon), Edegem and Department of Ophthalmology, Sint-Augustinus Hospital (Van den Heurck), Wilrijk, Antwerp, Belgium.

Purpose: To report the incidence of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and associated risk factors after cataract surgery using the bag-in-the-lens (BIL) intraocular lens (IOL) implantation technique.

Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium.

Design: Prospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.jcrs.0000000000000164DOI Listing

Primary Retinal Detachment Outcomes Study: Methodology and Overall Outcomes-Primary Retinal Detachment Outcomes Study Report Number 1.

Ophthalmol Retina 2020 Mar 4. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Mid-Atlantic Retina, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Purpose: To detail the methodology for a large multicenter retrospective cohort study (RCS) of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) with detailed data collection and to present overall anatomic outcomes.

Design: This study used an RCS method.

Participants: All patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), scleral buckling (SB), and combined PPV/SB for primary RRD in 2015 from 5 large retina groups were included in the database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2020.02.014DOI Listing

Secondary epiretinal membrane following to rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2020 May 31:101833. Epub 2020 May 31.

İstanbul Beyoğlu Eye Education and Research Hospital, Turkey.

Purpose: To investigate the outcomes of removal of the secondary epiretinal membrane (ERM) after rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective cese series study. Eighteen consecutive patients (18 eyes) who underwent secondary ERM removal after successful RRD repair were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pdpdt.2020.101833DOI Listing

Anatomical and functional results of ILM peeling vs. non-peeling in macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Retina Department, Hospital de Braga, Sete Fontes, 4710-243, Braga, Portugal.

Purpose: To compare anatomical and functional results between internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and non-ILM peeling in macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

Methods: We completed a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) due to macula-off RRD. ILM peeling (P) versus non-ILM peeling (NP) groups were compared regarding best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), anatomical success, endotamponade, concomitant scleral band placement and BCVA gain for epiretinal membranes (ERM) resubjected to PPV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-020-04775-9DOI Listing

Foveal crack sign: an optical coherence tomography sign preceding macular hole after vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Am J Ophthalmol 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Rosai Hospital Clinical Research Center for Optical Sensory Organ Disability, 1179-3, Nagasone-cho, Kita-ku, Sakai, Osaka, 591-8025, Japan.

Purpose: To describe an optical coherence tomography (OCT) sign preceding macular hole (MH) formation after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

Design: Retrospective observational case series.

Methods: Patients who underwent PPV for RRD at Osaka Rosai Hospital between January 2014 and December 2017 were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2020.05.030DOI Listing

A novel, low-cost and practical illumination approach for bimanual vitrectomy.

North Clin Istanb 2020 11;7(3):275-279. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Istanbul Medeniyet University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: The present study aims to describe a novel, low-cost, transconjunctival sutureless bimanual vitrectomy illumination approach and evaluate its surgical outcome.

Methods: Thirty-six eyes of 36 patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy with the above-mentioned technique were included in this study. Four trocars were placed in superotemporal, inferotemporal, inferonasal and superonasal quadrants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/nci.2020.21704DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7251264PMC
February 2020

Myo/Nog cells expressing muscle proteins are present in preretinal membranes from patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

Exp Eye Res 2020 May 29;197:108080. Epub 2020 May 29.

Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a complication of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and ocular trauma. The disease is characterized by development of membranes that may apply traction to the retina and cause redetachment. Membrane contractions are attributed to myofibroblasts arising from retinal pigment epithelial cells, glia and fibroblasts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2020.108080DOI Listing

Evaluation of vitreous degeneration as a potential risk factor for retinal detachment after phacoemulsification in dogs.

Vet Ophthalmol 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

BluePearl Veterinary Partners, Southfield, MI, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate vitreous degeneration as a potential risk factor for retinal detachment in dogs after phacoemulsification.

Methods: Medical records for dogs with preoperative ocular ultrasound and phacoemulsification between September 28, 2006, and August 2, 2016, were reviewed. Ultrasound images were reviewed by two observers independently, and vitreous echogenicity was graded using an established scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vop.12785DOI Listing

Changes in the postoperative foveal avascular zone in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with choroidal detachment.

Int Ophthalmol 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Fundus Disease Department, Aier Eye Hospital of Wuhan University, Zhongshan Road 481#, Wuhan, 430064, Hubei, People's Republic of China.

Background: Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with choroidal detachment (RRDCD) refers to the detachment of the ciliary body and choroid from the sclera along with retinal detachment. The recovery of visual function is often far worse after surgical treatment of RRDCD than following anatomical reduction for complicated reasons. Some scholars have suggested that oxidative stress may cause serious damage to cells when the detached retina becomes reduced to the choroid-retinal pigment epithelium complex and consequentially has an abnormal blood supply, which may limit the recovery of vision after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-020-01433-1DOI Listing

Intravitreal bevacizumab for iatrogenic choroidal neovascular membrane following vitreoretinal surgery for retinal detachment.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun;68(6):1201-1203

Department of Retina and Vitreous, Aravind Eye Hospital, Avinashi Road, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

We report the successful use of intravitreal bevacizumab in the iatrogenic choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) following vitreoretinal surgery. A 69-year-old male underwent vitrectomy surgery with silicone oil (SO) tamponade for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. During fluid air exchange, there was an accidental retinal touch at an area in the papillomacular bundle with the silicone tip cannula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1486_19DOI Listing
June 2020
0.927 Impact Factor

Management of fovea-involving dry macular fold complicating retinal detachment surgery: Does delayed intervention influence outcome?

Indian J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun;68(6):1197-1199

Department of Vitreo-retinal Services, Aravind Eye Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Retinal folds are rare complications of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment surgery. They may be located in periphery or involve macula, with the latter ones being associated with severe visual loss. Due to the paucity of scientific reports, its management remains debatable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1843_19DOI Listing

B-HEX pupil expander in vitreoretinal surgery - A case series.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun;68(6):1188-1191

Disha Eye Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

We describe the successful use of the B-HEX pupil expansion device in four cases of combined phacovitrectomy with significant cataract, non-dilating pupil, and surgical vitreoretinal pathologies including vitreous hemorrhage, inferior retinal detachment (RD) with proliferative vitreoretinopathy in an oil filled eye, recurrent rhegmatogenous RD, and macular hole with RD localized to the posterior pole in an eye with uveitic sequelae. The B-HEX remained well engaged and maintained excellent mydriasis throughout the surgery despite wide fluctuations in intraocular pressure and anterior chamber fluidics. This is the first series describing use of B-HEX for combined phacovitrectomy due to myriad causes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1675_19DOI Listing

Cystoid macular oedema following pars plana vitrectomy for macula on rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Clin Exp Optom 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cxo.13097DOI Listing
May 2020
1.256 Impact Factor

Preoperative, Intraoperative and Postoperative Corticosteroid Use as an Adjunctive Treatment for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.

J Clin Med 2020 May 21;9(5). Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Catania, 95100 Catania, Italy.

The treatment for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) is surgery, including pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and scleral buckling (SB). Despite surgical advances, degeneration of the photoreceptors and post-operative complications, such as proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), often occurs as the result of inflammation, preventing complete visual recovery or causing RRD recurrence. There is increasing evidence that in the presence of RRD, the activation of inflammatory processes occurs and the surgery itself induces an inflammatory response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051556DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290919PMC

Preoperative Steroid Use in Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Associated with Choroidal Detachment after 23-Gauge Vitrectomy.

J Ophthalmol 2020 2;2020:6707239. Epub 2020 May 2.

Retinal & Vitreous Diseases Department of Wuhan Aier Eye Hospital, Aier Ophthalmic College of Central-South University, Wuhan 430064, China.

Background: Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with choroidal detachment (RRDCD) is rare and the prognosis is poor. This retrospective study evaluated the effect of preoperative steroid on the clinical outcome of patients with RRDCD receiving 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV).

Methods: Sixty-six patients (67 eyes) with diagnosed RRDCD underwent 23-gauge PPV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6707239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222551PMC

Elevated vitreous αB-crystallin in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and association with proliferative vitreoretinopathy and retinal detachment area.

Int Ophthalmol 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

College of Pharmacy, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between αB-crystallin levels in the vitreous of patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and correlate these levels with the presence of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) and to the extent of RRD.

Methods: Prospective, cross-sectional study. Vitreous samples were collected from twenty-six patients with RRD at the surgical repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-020-01425-1DOI Listing

Primary Retinal Detachment Outcomes Study: Pseudophakic Retinal Detachment Outcomes: Primary Retinal Detachment Outcomes Study Report Number 3.

Ophthalmology 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

The Retina Service of Wills Eye Hospital, Mid-Atlantic Retina, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Purpose: This study evaluates outcomes of comparable pseudophakic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) treated with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) or PPV with scleral buckle (PPV-SB).

Design: Multicenter, retrospective, interventional cohort study.

Participants: Data were gathered from patients from multiple retina practices in the United States with RRD in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.05.005DOI Listing

Questions on Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment and the Day of the Week of Repair or Diagnosis.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.1554DOI Listing

Questions on Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment and the Day of the Week of Repair or Diagnosis-Reply.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Byers Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.1867DOI Listing

Preoperative factors to select vitrectomy or scleral buckling for retinal detachment in microincision vitrectomy era.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan.

Background: To determine the preoperative factors associated with selecting scleral buckling (SB) or pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) to treat rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRDs) in the era of microincision vitrectomy surgery.

Methods: A nationwide, multicenter, observational study in the Japan Retinal Detachment Registry was done. From February 2016 to March 2017, 3446 cases were registered, and 3219 among them were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-020-04744-2DOI Listing

Evaluation of Functional Outcomes and OCT-Biomarkers after Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant for Postoperative Cystoid Macular Edema in Vitrectomized Eyes.

J Ophthalmol 2020 28;2020:3946531. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of dexamethasone implant (DEX) for the treatment of postoperative cystoid macular edema (PCME) in vitrectomized eyes and to investigate visual and morphological OCT predictive factors.

Methods: In this retrospective study, eyes with PCME after vitrectomy were treated with at least one DEX injection and were observed over 12 months. Indications for surgery were epiretinal membrane (ERM) or rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) without macular involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3946531DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204163PMC

Evaluation of primary internal limiting membrane peeling in cases with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Int J Retina Vitreous 2020 7;6. Epub 2020 May 7.

1Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

Background: Epiretinal membranes (ERMs) have been reported after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) can prevent post-PPV ERM formation but has a potential negative impact on macular structure and function.

Purpose: To investigate the anatomical and functional outcomes of ILM peeling during PPV for primary RRD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40942-020-00213-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204288PMC

Non-contact wide-angled visualization with chandelier-assisted scleral buckling for primary uncomplicated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Asociados de Macula, Vitreo y Retina de Costa Rica, Primer Piso Torre Mercedes Paseo Colon, San Jose, Costa Rica.

Purpose: To report our experience in non-contact wide-angled visualization with chandelier-assisted scleral buckling (SB) in uncomplicated primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD).

Methods: Retrospective case series of 282 eyes that underwent non-contact wide-angled visualization with chandelier-assisted SB and were followed for a mean of 13.5 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-020-04737-1DOI Listing

Evaluation of emulsified silicone oil with spectral domain-optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography.

Int Ophthalmol 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Ophthalmology Department, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: To report emulsified particles and related complications after removal of silicone oil (SO) by spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and fluorescein angiography (FA).

Methods: A prospective, single-center investigation was performed using SD-OCT, FA and flare cell photometry measurements to evaluate in a cohort of eyes with emulsified silicone particles after removal of long-term SO tamponade.

Results: Nineteen eyes of the 19 patients with emulsified silicone particles detected in ophthalmoscopic exam were included in the study: 13 (68%) were male, and 6 (31. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-020-01409-1DOI Listing

Localized versus 360° intraoperative laser retinopexy in cases of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with mild-to-moderate grade proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

Eye (Lond) 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Ophthalmology Unit, Department of Surgical, Medical, Molecular and Critical Area Pathology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Background/objectives: To compare the efficacy of intraoperative localized and 360° laser retinopexy in cases of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) treated with pars plana vitrectomy and air tamponade.

Subjects/methods: In this interventional, prospective, randomized, comparative study, 93 consecutive cases of RRD were enroled. After randomization 48 eyes received circumferential, while 45 underwent localized intraoperative laser retinopexy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-0950-9DOI Listing
May 2020
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