3,116 results match your criteria Retinal Detachment Proliferative


Vitreomacular Interface Disorders in Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 7;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Joint Shantou International Eye Center, Shantou University and the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shantou 515041, China.

Vitreomacular interface plays an important role in the pathogenesis and progression of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors of vitreomacular interface disorders (VMID) in PDR. The macular optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans of 493 eyes from 378 PDR patients were retrospectively reviewed to detect VMID, including vitreomacular adhesion (VMA), vitreomacular traction (VMT), epiretinal membrane (ERM), lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation (LHEP), and macular hole (MH). Read More

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Molecular biologic milieu in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy: a literature review.

Ophthalmic Res 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Multiple lines of evidence support an immunologic response along with inflammation to be implicated in the pathophysiology of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the signaling molecules into the vitreous and subretinal fluid (SRF) involved in these processes. A detailed literature search was performed in PubMed database until November 2021. Read More

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In vivo generated autologous plasmin assisted vitrectomy in young patients.

Int J Retina Vitreous 2022 Jun 11;8(1):36. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Istanbul Medipol Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Autologous plasmin enzyme facilitates the induction of posterior vitreous detachment(PVD) during vitrectomy in young patients. We proposed the concept of in-vivo generated plasmin which is based on the injection of tissue plasminogen activator(t-PA) and autologous whole blood(AWB) into the vitreous cavity. The purpose of this pilot study is to report the efficacy of preoperative simultaneous intravitreal injection of(t-PA) and autologous whole blood in facilitating the intraoperative induction of PVD in young patients with various vitreoretinal pathologies. Read More

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Secondary Full-thickness Macular Holes after Diabetic Vitrectomy: Clinical Manifestations and Rational Approaches to the Treatment.

J Ophthalmol 2022 31;2022:3156642. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Ophthalmology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Purpose: The aim of the study is to present the clinical characteristics and surgical treatment of secondary full-thickness macular hole (MH) after diabetic vitrectomy (DV) in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).

Methods: In this retrospective, observational, and longitudinal study, we enrolled consecutive patients with PDR who developed MH after DV. The macular structure was evaluated using optical coherence tomography. Read More

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Intravitreal 5-Fluorouracil and Heparin to Prevent Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy: results from a randomized clinical trial.

Ophthalmology 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Ophthalmology University of Cologne, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Objective: Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is the major cause for surgical failure after primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). So far, there is no proven therapy to prevent PVR. Promising results for 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in high-risk eyes have been reported previously. Read More

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Ultrasound imaging of extensive peripheral macrocysts in chronic total combined rhegmatogenous-traction retinal detachment.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022 Sep 1;27:101604. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of a 42-year-old male with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) complicated by tractional retinal detachments (TRD) bilaterally with a rare finding on B-scan ultrasonography.

Observations: On B-scan ultrasound, a total combined rhegmatogenous-TRD was observed, accompanied by extensive retinal macrocysts that appeared nearly confluent for 360°.

Conclusions And Importance: Retinal macrocysts are rare but important clinical entities that help drive management, as their presence typically suggests a chronic retinal detachment. Read More

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September 2022

Novel insights into the pathophysiology of proliferative vitreoretinopathy: The role of vitreoschisis-induced vitreous cortex remnants.

Acta Ophthalmol 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, the Rotterdam Eye Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: We previously hypothesized a causal relationship between vitreoschisis-induced vitreous cortex remnants (VCR) and the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). This study aims to substantiate this association through histopathological analysis of surgical specimens in support of strategies to improve therapeutic outcomes.

Methods: A descriptive, prospective, non-consecutive case series. Read More

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Causes and Risk Factors of Repeated Hospitalization among Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy.

J Diabetes Res 2022 28;2022:4663221. Epub 2022 May 28.

Guangdong Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Purpose: To identify the causes and risk factors of repeated hospitalization among patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR).

Methods: Our study retrospectively examined the data of DR patients who were readmitted for treatments to the Department of Ophthalmology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital between January 2012 and July 2021. We first analyzed the main causes of repeated admissions and then divided the patients into three groups according to the times of readmissions. Read More

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Adjunctive steroid therapy versus antibiotics alone for acute endophthalmitis after intraocular procedure.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 06 6;6:CD012131. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Stein Eye Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Background: Endophthalmitis refers to severe infection within the eye that involves the aqueous humor or vitreous humor, or both, and that threatens vision. Most cases of endophthalmitis are exogenous (i.e. Read More

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Late contralateral recurrence of retinal detachment in incontinentia pigmenti: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2022 May;10(13):4171-4176

Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, Guangxi Province, China.

Background: Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a rare X-linked genetic disease. It mainly manifests as skin lesions and causes problems in the eyes, teeth, bones, and central nervous system. Of the various ocular manifestations, the most severe with difficult recovery is retinal detachment (RD). Read More

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Treatment History as a Predictor for Change in Visual Acuity After Surgical Correction of Diabetic Retinal Traction Detachment.

Kans J Med 2022 29;15:123-126. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Population Health, University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita, Wichita, KS.

Introduction: Tractional retinal detachment remains a leading cause of severe, persistent vision loss in those with diabetic retinopathy. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors in treatment history associated with outcomes of surgical repair for diabetic tractional retinal detachments.

Methods: A retrospective, cohort study design was used. Read More

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Ocular malignancies treated with iodine-125 low dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy at a single high-volume institution: A retrospective review.

Med Dosim 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Texas Oncology, Brownsville, TX, USA.

The aim of our study is to document our cases of choroidal melanoma treated with low dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy and to correlate the dosimetry and radiobiology with clinical effects and oncologic outcomes. Data from 157 patients treated from 2014 to 2018 with LDR brachytherapy were used for this investigation. Treatments used a collaborative ocular melanoma study eye plaque and Iodine-125 radioactive seeds. Read More

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Proteomic Insight into the Role of Exosomes in Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy Development.

J Clin Med 2022 May 11;11(10). Epub 2022 May 11.

Ophthalmology, Dean McGee Eye Institute, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.

: To characterize vitreous humor (VH) exosomes and to explore their role in the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) using mass spectrometry-based proteome profiling. : Exosomes were isolated from undiluted VH from patients with retinal detachment (RD) with various stages of PVR ( = 9), macular hole (MH; = 5), or epiretinal membrane (ERM; = 5) using differential ultracentrifugation. The exosomal size, morphology, and exosome markers were analyzed using a nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and an exosome detection antibody array. Read More

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COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy and its association with altered presentation of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Am J Ophthalmol 2022 May 21. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Neurosciences, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA; VitreoRetinal Surgery, P.L.L.C., Minneapolis, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Evaluate factors associated with coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine hesitancy and clinical trends in primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD) during first year of vaccine availability.

Design: Single-center, clinical cohort study METHODS: : Consecutive patients from December 14, 2020 to December 12, 2021 presenting vaccinated (Prior-), subsequently vaccinated (Later-), or remaining unvaccinated (Never-Vax). Primary outcome was proportion with macula-off (mac-off) RRD. Read More

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Evaluation of Ab externo subretinal bands removal during pars plana vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment complicated by proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

BMC Ophthalmol 2022 May 20;22(1):227. Epub 2022 May 20.

Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Background: To compare the safety and efficacy of Ab-externo subretinal bands removal in comparison with the classical Ab-interno approach during pars plana vitrectomy for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Methods: Subjects aged 28-62 years with primary RRD complicated by proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) with subretinal bands interfering with retinal flattening were treated by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and silicone oil injection. Subretinal bands were removed using the classical AB interno approach through one or more retinotomies in ten patients (group A) and using AB externo approach in twenty cases (group B). Read More

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POSTERIOR VITREOUS DETACHMENT STATUS AS A PREDICTIVE FACTOR FOR OUTCOMES OF VITRECTOMY FOR DIABETIC VITREOUS HEMORRHAGE.

Retina 2022 06;42(6):1103-1110

Division of Ophthalmology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic utility of the degree of vitreous attachment for predicting outcomes of vitrectomy for nonclearing vitreous hemorrhage associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Methods: Medical records of patients who underwent primary vitrectomy for dense nonclearing vitreous hemorrhage secondary to proliferative diabetic retinopathy were examined retrospectively. Eyes were divided into four groups based on the intraoperatively assessed stage of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), ranging from Stage 0/1 (complete or near-complete vitreoretinal adhesion) to Stage 4 (complete PVD). Read More

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A bio-functional polymer that prevents retinal scarring through modulation of NRF2 signalling pathway.

Nat Commun 2022 May 19;13(1):2796. Epub 2022 May 19.

Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore, Singapore.

One common cause of vision loss after retinal detachment surgery is the formation of proliferative and contractile fibrocellular membranes. This aberrant wound healing process is mediated by epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and hyper-proliferation of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Current treatment relies primarily on surgical removal of these membranes. Read More

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Effect of vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade and internal limiting membrane peeling on eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Sci Rep 2022 May 16;12(1):8076. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, Hangil Eye Hospital, 35 Bupyeong-daero, Bupyeong-gu, Incheon, 21388, South Korea.

We investigated the combined effect of silicone tamponade and the internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and investigated whether timing of peeling of the ILM affects the outcomes of vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade in eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Here, we examined 63 eyes (58 patients) with PDR, which underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade and stepwise removal of silicone oil. ILM peeling was performed just before oil injection (group 1; 33 eyes, 30 patients) or after oil removal (group 2; 30 eyes, 28 patients). Read More

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The outcomes of primary pars plana vitrectomy alone as a first surgical procedure in pediatric rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Int Ophthalmol 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Bereketzade Cami Street Number:2, Beyoglu, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the characteristics and analyze the results of patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) as the first surgery due to rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in pediatric age.

Methods: The records of pediatric patients who underwent PPV alone due to RRD were reviewed retrospectively. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) values were recorded before and after the surgery. Read More

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Clinical characteristics of primary pars plana vitrectomy combined with air filling for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Sci Rep 2022 May 12;12(1):7916. Epub 2022 May 12.

Aier Eye Hospital of Wuhan University, No.481 Zhongshan Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan, China.

To detect the prognostic factors associated with initial reattachment after primary pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with air tamponade for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). We retrospectively reviewed 92 eyes of 92 patients with RRD. All eyes underwent PPV with air tamponade and a follow-up of at least 6 months. Read More

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[Analysis of factors affecting revitrectomy in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 May;102(18):1389-1393

Department of Ophthalmology & Clinical Centre of Optometry, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Therapy of Retinal and Choroid Diseases, Beijing 100044, China.

To identify prognostic factors for revitrectomy in patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for complications with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). This study was a retrospective case-control study. Clinical data of PDR patients (290 eyes) at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively collected. Read More

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Scleral Buckling Alone or in Combination with Pars Plana Vitrectomy for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Repair: A Meta-Analysis of 7212 Eyes.

Ophthalmologica 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Purpose: The efficacy and safety of scleral buckling (SB) versus combination SB and pars plana vitrectomy (SB+PPV) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair remains unclear.

Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to identify comparative studies published from Jan 2000-Jun 2021 that reported on the efficacy and/or safety following SB and SB+PPV for RRD repair. Final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) represented the primary endpoint, while reattachment rates and ocular adverse events were secondary endpoints. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety Profile of 25-Gauge Pars Plana Vitrectomy in Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment in Pakistan: A Multicenter Retrospective Study.

Cureus 2022 Mar 24;14(3):e23437. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Section of Ophthalmology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, PAK.

Introduction This study aims to evaluate the primary anatomical success and visual outcomes of 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (25g PPV) in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in Pakistan. Design This is a five-year retrospective, interventional cohort study conducted at tertiary care hospitals in Pakistan from October 2013 to October 2018. Methods This is a retrospective, interventional cohort study of 418 consecutive patients with RRD who underwent 25g PPV. Read More

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Heavy Silicone Oil as an Endotamponade in Recurrent or Complicated Retinal Detachment and Macular Hole

Turk J Ophthalmol 2022 04;52(2):119-124

Neoretina Eye Clinic, İstanbul, Turkey

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of heavy silicone oil as an endotamponade in patients with recurrent or complicated retinal detachment and macular hole.

Materials And Methods: Nineteen eyes of 19 patients who underwent heavy silicone oil endotamponade for different indications were included in the study and evaluated by retrospective chart review. At each visit, patients underwent detailed ophthalmological examination and anatomical and functional outcomes, silicone oil emulsification, intraocular inflammation, presence of proliferative vitreoretinopathy, preoperative and postoperative visual acuity, and postoperative complications were recorded. Read More

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The effect of age on phenotype of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Eye (Lond) 2022 Apr 26. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Biosciences Institute, Newcastle University, Catherine Cookson Building, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK.

Background: To evaluate the influence of age on the clinical characteristics of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD).

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of a prospectively collected dataset. Data regarding adult patients (aged 16-100 years) who had undergone primary RRD repair, were extracted from two online databases. Read More

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Air Tamponade for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment With Inferior Breaks After 25-Gauge Pars Plana Vitrectomy: Technique and Outcome.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2022 7;9:724234. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Department of Surgery, Centre for Eye Research Australia, Ophthalmology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

To evaluate the outcomes of 25-guage (G) pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with air tamponade for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) with inferior breaks. This retrospective consecutive case series included fifty-two eyes of fifty-two RRD patients with inferior breaks who underwent 25-G PPV with air tamponade. These patients were followed up for at least 6 months following surgery. Read More

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Preoperative laser reduces silicone oil use in primary diabetic vitrectomy.

Int J Ophthalmol 2022 18;15(4):591-597. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Guangdong Provincial Clinical Research Center for Ocular Diseases, Guangzhou 510060, Guangdong Province, China.

Aim: To identify the predictive factors and laser photocoagulation associated with the use of silicone oil as endotamponade during primary diabetic vitrectomy.

Methods: The medical and surgical records of 690 patients (798 eyes) who underwent primary diabetic vitrectomy at a tertiary eye hospital in China from January 2018 to December 2018 were reviewed in this retrospective cohort study. The patients' baseline characteristics and preoperative treatments were recorded. Read More

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Analysis of Korean Retinal Specialists' Opinions on Implanting Diffractive Multifocal Intraocular Lenses in Eyes with Underlying Retinal Diseases.

J Clin Med 2022 Mar 26;11(7). Epub 2022 Mar 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, HanGil Eye Hospital, 35 Bupyeong-daero, Bupyeong-gu, Incheon 21388, Korea.

Multifocal intraocular lenses (MF-IOLs) are increasingly implanted as the need for good near- and intermediate-distance vision increases. Although retinal disease is known to be a relative contraindication for MF-IOL implantation, there are no detailed guidelines for MF-IOL implantation with respect to the type and severity of retinal diseases/statuses. In this study, because retinal diseases can affect the performance of MF-IOLs, we analyzed the opinions of 111 retinal specialists, who were members of the Korean Retina Society, on the implantation of diffractive MF-IOLs in eyes with 15 retinal diseases/statuses using a web-based survey. Read More

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Retinal Tacks for Complicated Retinal Detachment: Retinal Tacks in the Times of Modern Small-Gauge Vitrectomy.

J Ophthalmol 2022 31;2022:1968434. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Purpose: To investigate the efficacy and safety profile of retinal tacks (RTs) in cases of retinal detachment (RD) with advanced proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR).

Materials And Methods: In this single-center, retrospective study medical record, optical coherence tomography and ultra-widefield fundus images of patients with complex PVR-related and RT surgery were reviewed. All cases underwent 23G pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), RT implantation, retinectomy, circumferential intraoperative laser retinopexy, and silicone oil tamponade. Read More

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Selection Criteria for Air Tamponade During Vitrectomy for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.

Clin Ophthalmol 2022 30;16:981-986. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan.

Purpose: To compare air tamponade and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas tamponade during vitrectomy for the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

Methods: We reviewed 294 eyes with RRD treated with 25-gauge vitrectomy by a single surgeon between June 2011 and April 2018 retrospectively. The exclusion criteria for the proposed air tamponade selection were more than 2 weeks since onset, giant retinal tears, history of complications following cataract surgery, high myopia, and proliferative vitreoretinopathy classified as grade C or higher. Read More

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