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    Surgically Induced Focal Retinal Detachment Does Not Cause Detectable SD-OCT Retinal Changes in Normal Human Retina.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2017 Oct;58(12):5270-5279
    USC Roski Eye Institute, Keck School of Medicine of USC, Los Angeles, California, United States.
    Purpose: Induction of focal retinal detachment (RD) for subretinal delivery of stem cells and gene therapy is increasingly common. In order to determine if this procedure has an adverse impact on the retina, we use spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) to evaluate the pre- and postoperative retinal anatomy of the incidentally detached normal retina surrounding large submacular hemorrhages (SMH) during surgical displacement procedures.

    Methods: Retrospective, observational study of human subjects with monocular SMH evaluated before and after surgical displacement using clinical exam, fundus photography, and SD-OCT. Read More

    Twenty-seven-gauge vitrectomy for combined tractional and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment involving the macula associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
    Int J Retina Vitreous 2017 9;3:38. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Río Piedras Medical Center, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, 00909 Puerto Rico.
    Background: To report our experience using 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) system for treating patients with combined tractional and rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (CTRRD) involving the macula associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).

    Methods: Retrospective noncomparative interventional cases series of 12 patients with CTRRD associated with PDR who underwent 3-port, transconjunctival 27-gauge PPV by a single surgeon. Main outcome measures were change in Snellen best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and occurrence of intra- and post-operative complications. Read More

    Endoscope-assisted vitrectomy in the management of retinal detachment with corneal opacity.
    Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2017 Jul-Sep;7(3):164-167
    Department of Ophthalmology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.
    A 51-year-old male who had suffered from right eye rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with proliferative vitreoretinopathy received surgical treatments which included the following procedures: lens extraction, scleral buckle, vitrectomy, membrane peeling, photocoagulation, and silicone oil injection. The presenting visual acuity of the right eye was light perception. Slit-lamp examination revealed corneal opacity without a visible fundus. Read More

    Enterococcus faecalis Endophthalmitis in Children - A 21 Year Study.
    Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2017 Oct 13:1-7. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
    a Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services , Medical Reasearch Foundation , Chennai , India.
    Purpose: To report Enterococcus faecalis endophthalmitis (EFE) in children and its comparison with adults.

    Methods: Retrospective study of 19 children up to 18 years age, undergoing vitrectomy for EFE at a referral eye center from January 1995 to December 2015. The results were compared to 18 adults with EFE. Read More

    Incidence and Risk Factors of Cystoid Macular Edema after Vitrectomy with Silicone Oil Tamponade for Retinal Detachment.
    Korean J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct 12. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Vision Research, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Purpose: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of cystoid macular edema (CME) after silicone oil (SO) injection for retinal detachment.

    Methods: Fifty-eight patients with retinal detachment treated by vitrectomy with SO tamponade during 2011 to 2015 were retrospectively assigned to CME and non-CME groups. Patients underwent complete ophthalmological examination, including color fundus photography and preoperative and postoperative optical coherence tomography. Read More

    Overloaded Dysfunctional RPE Leads to Delayed Absorption of Subretinal Fluid After Retinal Detachment Repair.
    Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2017 Oct;48(10):852-855
    Persistent subretinal fluid (SRF) can impair visual recovery after vitrectomy or scleral buckling surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Several hypotheses have been proposed for delayed absorption of SRF, but the etiology has not been clearly identified. The authors present a patient with persistent SRF after vitrectomy for retinal detachment who developed central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) during the postoperative period in the nonoperative eye. Read More

    Scleral buckling-induced ocular parameter changes in different age group patients of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
    Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2017 Apr-Jun;7(2):94-99
    Department of Ophthalmology, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Purpose: This study was aimed to evaluate the difference in the ocular parameter changes following scleral buckling (SB) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in different age group patients.

    Materials And Methods: This prospective study included 26 eyes of 26 patients who underwent SB for uncomplicated RRD. The patients were divided into three age groups: 16-30 years (Group I), 31-45 years (Group II), and 46-60 years (Group III). Read More

    27-gauge and 25-gauge vitrectomy day surgery for idiopathic epiretinal membrane.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2017 Oct 10;17(1):188. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Nihon University Hospital, 1-6 Surugadai, Kanda, Chiyodaku, Tokyo, 101-8309, Japan.
    Background: This study compared the postoperative outcomes of 27-gauge (G) and 25-G vitrectomy performed for the treatment of idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM).

    Methods: The study design was single center, retrospective, interventional case series. Two hundred consecutive eyes that underwent primary vitrectomy for ERM (27-G vitrectomy in 100 eyes and 25-G vitrectomy in 100 eyes) were studied for 6 months. Read More

    Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of Cataract Surgery in Adult Extreme Microphthalmos with Axial Length <18 mm or Corneal Diameter <8 mm.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct 5. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
    Department of Ophthalmology and Eye Institute, EYE and ENT Hospital of Fudan University and Shanghai Key Laboratory of Visual Impairment and Restoration, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To study the long-term visual outcomes, complications and prognostic factors for cataract surgery in extreme microphthalmos.

    Design: Prospective cohort study.

    Methods: Thirty eyes with simple microphthalmos [11 eyes, axial length (AL) <18 mm], complex microphthalmos [8 eyes, AL <18 mm] and relative anterior microphthalmos [RAM, 11 eyes, corneal diameter (CD) <8 mm] who underwent cataract surgery (phacoemulsification) in our hospital were followed for a mean of 25. Read More

    Comparison of 2 modified methods for the active removal of silicone oil with a 23-gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy system.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Oct;96(40):e8205
    aDepartment of Ophthalmology bDepartment of Operating Room, Shandong University Qilu Hospital cSchool of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.
    To report and compare 2 modified approaches for the active removal of silicone oil (ROSO) with a 23-gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy system.This prospective single blinded study was conducted from January 2015 to December 2016. Eighty-nine eyes of 86 patients who underwent silicone oil removal were enrolled. Read More

    Outcomes of 23- and 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomies for dislocated intraocular lenses.
    Int Ophthalmol 2017 Oct 4. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    Advanced Eye Centre, Post-graduate Institute for Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh, 160012, India.
    Purpose: To compare the outcome of 23-gauge as compared with 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (TSV) in the management of dislocated intraocular lenses (IOLs).

    Design: Retrospective, non-consecutive, comparative, interventional case series.

    Participants: Patients with dislocated intraocular lens who underwent sutureless PPV using either 23-gauge or 25-gauge instruments. Read More

    Outcomes of cataract surgery in children with persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2017 Sep 14. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye Center, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - India.
    Purpose: To evaluate postoperative outcomes of cataract surgery in children with persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) and factors affecting outcomes.

    Methods: We analyzed 29 eyes of 28 children with PHPV presenting at a tertiary care center in northern India. All eyes underwent phacoaspiration followed by primary posterior capsulotomy with or without cauterization of persistent fetal vasculature under general anesthesia. Read More

    RESULTS OF RETINAL DETACHMENT SURGERY IN EYES WITH OSTEO-KERATOPROSTHESIS.
    Retina 2017 Sep 27. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    *Centro de Oftalmologia Barraquer, Barcelona, Spain; †Institut Universitari Barraquer, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; ‡Retina Department, Centro de Oftalmologia Barraquer, Barcelona, Spain; §Cornea Department, Centro de Oftalmologia Barraquer, Barcelona, Spain; ¶Clinical Investigation Department, Centro de Oftalmologia Barraquer, Barcelona, Spain; **Optics and Optometry Department, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain; and ††Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.
    Purpose: To evaluate the anatomical and functional results of pars plana vitrectomy in eyes with osteo-keratoprosthesis, who have suffered retinal detachment.

    Methods: An observational, retrospective study of 18 eyes which underwent pars plana vitrectomy for retinal detachment after an implantation of an osteo-keratoprosthesis, with a minimum of 1-year follow-up. A descriptive study and a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis for anatomical and functional success were performed. Read More

    Electroretinography is a prognostic indicator for postoperative vision in dogs undergoing retinal reattachment surgery.
    Vet Ophthalmol 2017 Sep 27. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel.
    Purpose: To determine whether pre-operative electroretinography (ERG) predicts postoperative vision in dogs undergoing retinal reattachment surgery (RRS).

    Methods: This 18-month prospective study recorded signalment, duration, cause, and extent of retinal detachment and pre-operative vision status. Rod and mixed rod-cone ERG responses were recorded prior to RRS. Read More

    Endophthalmitis Due to Proteus vulgaris after Pars Plana Vitrectomy with Devastating Outcome.
    Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Apr-Jun;24(2):116-118
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Postoperative infectious endophthalmitis is rare, yet devastating loss of vision or loss of the eye can occur due to a highly purulent microorganism or uncontrolled endophthalmitis that may spread to all coats of the eye. We report, herewith, a case of rapidly progressive postoperative endophthalmitis after pars plana vitrectomy which ended up with enucleation. The isolated microorganism was Proteus vulgaris which has not been reported as causative bacteria of postoperative infections following pars plana vitrectomy. Read More

    Perioperative factors that are significantly correlated with final visual acuity in eyes after successful rhegmatogenous retinal detachment surgery.
    PLoS One 2017 13;12(9):e0184783. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.
    Purpose: To determine the perioperative factors that are significantly correlated with the final visual acuity following reattachment of a macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) by vitrectomy.

    Methods: Twenty-nine eyes of 29 patients with a successfully reattached RRD by vitrectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic images of the macular regions were used to measure the thicknesses of the retinal layers and the integrity of the microstructures of the photoreceptors at 2 weeks, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months following the vitrectomy. Read More

    Complications of Scleral-Fixated Intraocular Lenses.
    Semin Ophthalmol 2017 Sep 12:1-6. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    a Department of Ophthalmology, Cornea and Refractive Surgery Service, Massachusetts Eye and Ear , Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA.
    Introduction: Understanding the evolution of complications after scleral-fixated lens placement demonstrates advantageous surgical techniques and suitable candidates.

    Materials/methods: A literature search in PubMed for several terms, including "scleral intraocular lens complication," yielded 17 relevant articles.

    Results: Reviewing complication trends over time, lens tilt and suture erosion have decreased, cystoid macular edema has increased, and retinal detachment has remained the same after scleral-fixated lens placement. Read More

    Twenty-five-gauge sutureless lensectomy in infants with congenital cataract.
    J AAPOS 2017 Sep 6. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Medical School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre RS, Brazil.
    Purpose: To evaluate the incidence of intra- and postoperative complications of transconjunctival 25-gauge (25G) sutureless pars plicata lensectomy.

    Methods: The medical records of patients <12 months of age with congenital cataracts who underwent 25G sutureless lensectomy were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were evaluated at postoperative days 1, 7, 15, 30, 60, and 90 and every 3 months thereafter. Read More

    Combined Cataract Extraction With Pars Plana Vitrectomy and Metallic Intraocular Foreign Body Removal Through Sclerocorneal Tunnel Using a Novel "Magnet Handshake" Technique.
    Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) 2017 Sep 4. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Retina Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, India.
    Purpose: To study the outcomes of combined cataract extraction with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and metallic intraocular foreign body (IOFB) removal through a sclerocorneal tunnel using the "magnetic handshake" technique.

    Design: A retrospective review.

    Methods: Retrospective review of case records of 14 patients from 2010 to 2016 with metallic IOFB and traumatic cataract was performed. Read More

    Pseudophakic retinal detachment in young-aged patients.
    PLoS One 2017 31;12(8):e0184187. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.
    Objective: To investigate the incidence and risk factors for retinal detachment (RD) after cataract surgery or refractive lens exchange (RLE) in patients aged below 61 years.

    Methods: Retrospective medical chart review of 7,886 patients (13,925 eyes) who underwent cataract surgery or RLE. Patients aged below 61 years were selected. Read More

    Intraoperative B-scan ultrasonography and pars plana vitrectomy for severe open globe injury with hemorrhagic retinal and choroidal detachment.
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2017 Nov 30;255(11):2287-2291. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, E-7 Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.
    Purpose: Our purpose was to report the initial clinical experience of intraoperative B-scan ultrasonography in combination with 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for severe open globe injury with hemorrhagic retinal and choroidal detachment.

    Methods: Six eyes of six consecutive patients with severe open globe injury underwent intraoperative B-scan ultrasonography and 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy at Osaka University Hospital in Japan. The feasibility of intraoperative B-scan ultrasonography, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), retinal reattachment, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were evaluated. Read More

    Outcomes of Vitrectomy in Pediatric Retinal Detachment with Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy.
    J Ophthalmol 2017 3;2017:8109390. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Department of General Ophthalmology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.
    Aim: To report outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in pediatric retinal detachment (RD) with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), complications, factors influencing the final anatomical and functional results.

    Methods: Retrospective consecutive case series of 14 eyes. Average postoperative follow-up period was 34 months. Read More

    Novel Technique to Overcome the Nonavailability of a Long Needle 9-0 Polypropylene Suture for Sutured Scleral Fixation of the Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens Using a Single Fisherman's Knot.
    J Ophthalmol 2017 31;2017:2683415. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Purpose: To describe a method to overcome the nonavailability of a long needle 9-0 polypropylene suture for sutured scleral fixation of the posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC-IOL) using a single fisherman's knot (SFK).

    Methods: First, a 10-0 polypropylene suture was passed from the sclera to the ciliary sulcus using a long needle. A 9-0 suture was tied to the unpassed portion of the 10-0 suture with an SFK. Read More

    ARTEFACTUALLY DAMPENED FLASH STIMULUS VISUAL EVOKED RESPONSES IN A SILICONE OIL-FILLED EYE.
    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Aug 18. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    *Department of Retina & Vitreous, Dr. Shroff's Charity Eye Hospital, Daryaganj, New Delhi; and †Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Neuroophthalmology & Electrophysiology, Dr. Shroff's Charity Eye Hospital, Daryaganj, New Delhi.
    Purpose: To report a case of falsely dampened visual evoked responses in a patient of Usher syndrome after retinal detachment surgery secondary to probable intraocular silicone oil.

    Methods: Retrospective observational case report.

    Case Description: A 16-year-old boy with Usher syndrome developed rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in the left eye. Read More

    Scleral Buckle Infection With Pseudallescheria boydii.
    Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2017 Aug;48(8):676-678
    Pseudallescheria boydii is a ubiquitous fungus that infects soft tissues and is known to cause ocular disease, including keratitis and endophthalmitis, in rare cases. In immunocompromised hosts, P. boydii can disseminate to or from the eye and other organs with lethal consequences. Read More

    Visual Outcomes and Complications of Type I Boston Keratoprosthesis in Children: A Retrospective Multicenter Study and Literature Review.
    Ophthalmology 2017 Aug 11. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To report outcomes and complications of Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis (KPro) implantation in children.

    Design: Retrospective, multicenter case series.

    Participants: All children 16 years of age or younger who underwent KPro surgery at 3 ophthalmology centers in Canada between January 2010 and November 2014. Read More

    Management of giant retinal tears with vitrectomy and perfluorocarbon liquid postoperatively as a short-term tamponade.
    Eye (Lond) 2017 Sep 11;31(9):1290-1295. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    Vitreoretinal Service, Ophthalmology Department, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, UK.
    PurposeThe purpose of this study was to study outcomes after using perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) as a short-term postoperative vitreous substitute in eyes with retinal detachment from giant retinal tears (GRTs).Patients and methodsA retrospective consecutive case series of patients with retinal detachment from GRT, who underwent vitrectomy using PFCL as short-term postoperative retinal tamponade. PFCL was left in the eye for a mean of 6. Read More

    Silicone oil versus gas tamponade for giant retinal tear-associated fovea-sparing retinal detachment: a comparison of outcome.
    Eye (Lond) 2017 Sep 11;31(9):1302-1307. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    Vitreoretinal Unit, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK.
    PurposeSilicone oil is the most common choice of tamponade agent used when managing a giant retinal tear (GRT). Concern exists regarding its potential detrimental effect on vision. We herein report on visual and surgical outcomes of all patients treated at Moorfields Eye Hospital for a GRT over a five year period. Read More

    Refractive Outcomes of Posterior Chamber Phakic Intraocular Lens Implantation for Correction of Myopia and Myopic Astigmatism.
    Med Arch 2017 Apr;71(2):93-96
    University Eye Hospital "Svjetlost", Zagreb, Croatia.
    Objectives: The aim was to examine efficacy and safety after Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) implantation for correction of myopia et myopic astigmatism.

    Methods: This prospective clinical study included 28 eyes of 16 patients which underwent implantation of ICL for correction of myopia up to -18,00 diopters (D) and myopic astigmatism up to -6,00 D in the Eye Clinic Svjetlost Sarajevo, from January 2013 to January 2016. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), spherical equivalent (SE), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), endothelial cell (EC) density were evaluated at one, six and twelve months. Read More

    Retinal detachment and glaucoma in the Boston Terrier and Shih Tzu following phacoemulsification (135 patients): 2000-2014.
    Vet Ophthalmol 2017 Aug 3. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    BluePearl Veterinary Partners, Tampa, FL, 33614, USA.
    Objectives: To report the cumulative incidence of retinal detachment (RD) and glaucoma following phacoemulsification in Boston Terriers and Shih Tzu in the southeastern United States over a 14-year period and investigate the potential predisposing risk factors.

    Methods: Medical records of 83 Shih Tzu and 52 Boston Terriers that underwent phacoemulsification between 2000 and 2014, with or without intraocular lens placement, were reviewed. For a comparison population, phacoemulsification data from 45 Labrador Retrievers, 73 Schnauzers, and 159 Bichon Frises were evaluated. Read More

    Management of postoperative inflammation after cataract and complex ocular surgeries: a systematic review and Delphi survey.
    Br J Ophthalmol 2017 08 3. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Joseph Fourier University, Grenoble, France.
    Prevention and management of postoperative ocular inflammation with corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been evaluated in several randomised controlled trials (RCTs). However, neither consensus regarding the efficacies of different regimens nor established guidelines are currently available. This has resulted in different practice patterns throughout the world. Read More

    Resident-performed neodymium:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy.
    Can J Ophthalmol 2017 Aug 10;52(4):324-330. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Eye Research Center, Rassoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.. Electronic address:
    Objective: To investigate the outcomes of resident-performed Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy.

    Design: Combined retrospective and prospective study.

    Participants: Patients (N = 301) who underwent Nd:YAG capsulotomy by ophthalmology residents at Rassoul Akram Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Read More

    The Combination of Ketorolac with Local Anesthesia for Pain Control in Day Care Retinal Detachment Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
    J Ophthalmol 2017 9;2017:3464693. Epub 2017 Jul 9.
    State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.
    This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of ketorolac with local anesthesia compared to local anesthesia alone for perioperative pain control in day care retinal detachment surgery. The randomized controlled trial included 59 eyes of 59 participants for retinal detachment surgery who were randomly assigned (1 : 1) into the ketorolac (K) group and control (C) group. All participants underwent conventional local anesthesia while patients in the K group received an extra administration of preoperative ketorolac. Read More

    Intraoperative optical coherence tomography assisted analysis of pars Plana vitrectomy for retinal detachment in morning glory syndrome: a case report.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2017 Aug 1;17(1):134. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Rudolf Foundation Clinic, Juchgasse 25, A-1030, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: The pathogenesis of non-rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (non-RRD) associated with morning glory syndrome (MGS) is not established, as well as best surgical approach to treat RD. Our purpose was to analyse intraoperative optical coherence tomography data (iOCT) in all steps of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for non-RRD in MGS, in order to follow pathophysiological aspects of the disease and to understand the tissues behaviour during surgical workflow.

    Case Presentation: Intraoperative spectral domain optical coherent tomography (iSD-OCT) assisted PPV using Rescan 700 (Carl Zeiss Meditech, Jena, Germany) with epiretinal membrane (ERM) and internal retinal membrane (ILM) peeling, and air endotamponade was performed on the only eye of a 21 years old female with non-RRD associated with MGS. Read More

    Impact of Age on Scleral Buckling Surgery for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.
    Korean J Ophthalmol 2017 Aug 26;31(4):328-335. Epub 2017 Jun 26.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate new prognostic factors in associated with primary anatomical failure after scleral buckling (SB) for uncomplicated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

    Methods: The medical records of patients with uncomplicated RRD treated with SB were retrospectively reviewed. Eyes with known prognostic factors for RRD, such as fovea-on, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, pseudophakia, aphakia, multiple breaks, or media opacity, were excluded. Read More

    Reported Complications Following Laser Vitreolysis.
    JAMA Ophthalmol 2017 Sep;135(9):973-976
    Retina Center of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
    Importance: Use of laser vitreolysis for symptomatic floaters has increased in recent years, but prospective studies are not available and the complication profile is poorly understood.

    Objective: To analyze cases of complications following laser vitreolysis as voluntarily reported to the American Society of Retina Specialists Research and Safety in Therapeutics (ASRS ReST) Committee, an independent task force formed to monitor device-related and drug-related safety events.

    Design, Setting, And Participants: A retrospective assessment was performed of all cases of complications following laser vitreolysis that were voluntarily reported by practitioners throughout the United States to the ASRS ReST Committee from the first report on September 19, 2016, through March 16, 2017, the date of data analysis and manuscript writing. Read More

    PROPHYLACTIC PREOPERATIVE LASER RETINOPEXY DOES NOT REDUCE THE OCCURRENCE OF RHEGMATOGENOUS RETINAL COMPLICATIONS IN MACULAR SURGERY.
    Retina 2017 Jul 21. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    *Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York; †Ophthalmology Section, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience, University of Siena, Siena, Italy; ‡Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore; and §Ophthalmology, Manhattan Eye Ear and Throat Duke-NUS Medical School, Hospital, New York, New York.
    Purpose: Knowledge on the utility of prophylactic 360° laser retinopexy before pars plana vitrectomy in the absence of peripheral retinal pathology is limited. This study compares the occurrence of rhegmatogenous events in the setting of small-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with and without prophylactic preoperative laser.

    Methods: Our multicenter, retrospective case-control analysis reviewed patients who underwent epiretinal membrane removal or macular hole repair through 23- or 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy: 205 controls who did not receive prophylactic laser and 176 cases who received preoperative prophylactic laser retinopexy anterior to the equator. Read More

    Idiopathic macular holes and direction of vitreomacular traction: structural changes and surgical outcomes.
    Eye (Lond) 2017 Jul 21. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Department of Ophthalmology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.
    PurposeTo compare the structural changes, clinical course, and treatment outcomes of vertical and horizontal vitreomacular traction (VMT) induced impending macular holes (IMHs) and full-thickness macular holes (FTMHs).MethodsIn this retrospective study, 23 and 32 cases of IMHs and FTMHs, respectively, were analyzed. The IMH cases were divided into two subgroups: IMH with and without foveal detachment. Read More

    Change in choroidal blood flow and choroidal morphology due to segmental scleral buckling in eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
    Sci Rep 2017 Jul 20;7(1):5997. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.
    Although scleral buckling is a well-established surgical treatment for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), the procedure can reportedly cause problems in the ocular circulation. Segmental scleral bucking without a concomitant encircling procedure was performed on 46 eyes with successfully reattached macula-on RRD. Choroidal blood flow was assessed using laser speckle flowgraphy. Read More

    Structural Changes of the Macula on Optical Coherence Tomography after Vitrectomy for Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy.
    Ophthalmologica 2017 21;238(4):186-195. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University, Changwon, South Korea.
    Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between macular structural changes and visual prognosis after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

    Methods: The study included 60 eyes that had undergone PPV. Macular optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings were classified into 5 groups preoperatively and 10 groups postoperatively. Read More

    COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF RETINAL REATTACHMENT SURGERY WITH OR WITHOUT INTERNAL LIMITING MEMBRANE PEELING TO PREVENT POSTOPERATIVE MACULAR PUCKER.
    Retina 2017 Jul 18. Epub 2017 Jul 18.
    *Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy; †Vitreoretina Department, Aditya Jyot Eye Hospital, Wadala, Mumbai, India; ‡Department of Ophthalmology, "F. Miulli" Hospital, Acquaviva delle Fonti-Bari, Italy; and §Department of Ophthalmology, "S. Maria delle Croci" Hospital, Ravenna, Italy.
    Purpose: To determine whether internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling during pars plana vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment reduces the incidence of epiretinal membrane (ERM) formation.

    Methods: In this retrospective study, preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data from all eyes undergoing pars plana vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment between January 2007 and December 2013 was analyzed. All cases with at least 1-year of follow-up were included. Read More

    Iris-Claw Intraocular Lens and Scleral-Fixated Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens Implantations in Correcting Aphakia: A Meta-Analysis.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2017 Jul;58(9):3530-3536
    Eye Center, the 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, College of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.
    Purpose: A meta-analysis to compare iris-claw intraocular lens (IC-IOL) and scleral-fixated posterior chamber intraocular lens (SF-PCIOL) implantations in correcting aphakia without sufficient capsular support.

    Methods: Eligible studies were collected through PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and the Cochrane library. The pooled relative risks (RR), pooled standardized mean difference (SMD), and their 95% confidence interval of the eligible studies were then calculated. Read More

    A Comparative Study on Surgical Outcomes of Glued Intraocular Lens and Sutured Scleral Fixated Intraocular Lens Implantation.
    Semin Ophthalmol 2017 Jul 11:1-5. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    a L. V. Prasad Eye Institute , Hyderabad , Telangana , India.
    Purpose: To compare the surgical outcomes of glued intraocular lens (GIOL) and sutured scleral fixated intraocular lens (SFIOL) implantation.

    Methods: A retrospective, interventional case series of 60 patients (68 eyes) who underwent GIOL (28 eyes: 11 primary; 17 secondary) and SFIOL (40 eyes: 24 primary; 16 secondary) in a tertiary eye care institute was done. The main outcome measures were complications, time taken for surgery, postoperative refractive outcomes, and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Read More

    Vitrectomy with a modified temporal inverted limiting membrane flap to reconstruct the foveolar architecture for macular hole retinal detachment in highly myopic eyes.
    Acta Ophthalmol 2017 Jul 5. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Cardinal Tien Hospital, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan.
    Purpose: We investigated the surgical results of macular hole retinal detachment (MHRD) with a modified C-shaped temporal inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap to reconstruct the foveolar architecture in highly myopic eyes.

    Methods: Eighteen highly myopic eyes with MHRD in 17 patients who underwent a vitrectomy with a modified C-shaped temporal inverted ILM flap were followed for 12 months. Anatomic outcomes were evaluated by fundus examinations and optical coherence tomography. Read More

    Ultra-widefield fundus imaging in gas-filled eyes after vitrectomy.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2017 Jul 3;17(1):114. Epub 2017 Jul 3.
    Kyorin Eye Center, Kyorin University School of Medicine, 6-20-2 Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo, 181-8611, Japan.
    Background: To evaluate the quality of the images obtained by an ultra-widefield device in gas-filled eyes after vitrectomy for a retinal detachment.

    Methods: Retrospective case series. The ultra-widefield scanning laser ophthalmoscopic images (Optos 200Tx imaging system) of 40 eyes that were gas-filled with 40 to 90% of the vitreous cavity after vitrectomy for a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were studied. Read More

    Comparative study of 27-gauge and 25-gauge vitrectomy performed as day surgery.
    Int Ophthalmol 2017 Jul 3. Epub 2017 Jul 3.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Nihon University Hospital, 1-6 Surugadai, Kanda, Chiyodaku, Tokyo, 101-8309, Japan.
    Purpose: To compare postoperative outcomes of 27-gauge (G) and 25-G vitrectomy conducted as day surgery.

    Methods: In total, 200 consecutive eyes that underwent primary vitrectomy (27-G in 100 eyes, 25-G in 100 eyes) were analyzed. 27-G vitrectomy was performed using a cut rate of 7500 cpm and 25-G vitrectomy using a cut rate of 5000 cpm. Read More

    No Light Perception Outcomes Following Boston Keratoprosthesis Type 1 Surgery.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2017 Sep 27;181:46-54. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Hôpital Notre-Dame, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    Purpose: To determine the incidence rate, principal causes, and clinical course of eyes developing no light perception (NLP) visual acuity (VA) following Boston Keratoprosthesis (B-KPro) type 1 surgery. Secondary objectives include determining the incidence rate, relative risk (RR), and survival probability with respect to NLP outcomes among eyes with congenital aniridia.

    Design: Retrospective, interventional case series. Read More

    Prevention and Management of Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty Complications.
    Cornea 2017 Sep;36(9):1089-1095
    *Netherlands Institute for Innovative Ocular Surgery, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; †Melles Cornea Clinic Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; and ‡Amnitrans Eye Bank Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Purpose: To describe Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) complications and strategies for their prevention and management.

    Methods: Five hundred consecutive eyes with DMEK of 393 patients were reviewed in this retrospective study for intraoperative and postoperative complications up to 2 years and for corresponding management.

    Results: Intraoperative challenges (difficult graft unfolding/positioning, high vitreous pressure, iris root hemorrhage, and Descemet membrane remnants) were encountered in 81 eyes (16. Read More

    Retinal thickness in parafoveal subfields and visual acuity after vitrectomy for macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair.
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2017 Jun 21. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.
    Purpose: To investigate retinal thickness in the central and parafoveal subfields, including segmented analysis of the inner and outer retinal layers, after vitrectomy for macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair.

    Methods: Twenty-four eyes of 24 patients who underwent primary vitrectomy for macula-off RRD repair were enrolled in this study. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography examination and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurements were performed at 1, 3, and 6 months after vitrectomy. Read More

    Early vitrectomy for dense vitreous hemorrhage in adults with non-traumatic and non-diabetic retinopathy.
    J Int Med Res 2017 Jan 1:300060517708942. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    Shandong Eye Hospital, Shandong Eye Institute, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, China.
    Objective To evaluate the etiologies for dense vitreous hemorrhage in adults with non-traumatic and reveal management of early vitrectomy for the disease. Methods Study included 105 eyes from 105 patients. Outcome measures were etiologies of vitreous hemorrhage, formation of retinal and/or disk neovascular membrane (NVM), incidence of retinal tear and detachment, visual acuity (VA) and postoperative complications. Read More

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