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    The effects of a treatment combination of anti-VEGF injections, laser coagulation and cryotherapy on patients with type 3 Coat's disease.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2017 May 22;17(1):76. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Laboratory, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital,Capital Medical University, No. 1 Dongjiao Min Xiang, 100730, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
    Background: To examined the curative effect of vitreous injection with ranibizumab,laser coagulation and cryotherapy in treating stage 3 Coats' disease with exudative retinal detachment.

    Methods: Seventeen patients with stage 3 Coats' disease were enrolled in the study. All eyes were treated with vitreous injection of ranibizumab as initial treatment, and subsequent treatment depended on the absorption of subretinal fluid, Including cryotherapy and laser photocoagulation. Read More

    [CATARACT SURGERY COMPLICATIONS IN MALES TREATED WITH ALPHA-1 ANTAGONISTS FOR BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA].
    Harefuah 2016 Sep;155(9):542-546
    Bnai-Zion Medical Center.
    Introduction: Intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) was first described by Chang and Campbell in 2005. The characteristics of this syndrome include: 1. Floppy iris that billows in reaction to intraocular fluid currents during standard phacoemulsification procedure; 2. Read More

    Impact of First Eye versus Second Eye Cataract Surgery on Visual Function and Quality of Life.
    Ophthalmology 2017 May 16. Epub 2017 May 16.
    VA Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Nashville, Tennessee; Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee.
    Purpose: To compare the impact of first eye versus second eye cataract surgery on visual function and quality of life.

    Design: Cohort study.

    Participants: A total of 328 patients undergoing separate first eye and second eye phacoemulsification cataract surgeries at 5 veterans affairs centers in the United States. Read More

    Secondary sulcus-fixed foldable IOL implantation with 25-G infusion in patients with previous PPV after open-globe injury.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2017 May 16. Epub 2017 May 16.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin - PR China.
    Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of secondary sulcus-fixed foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation through a clear corneal incision with 25-G infusion in patients with previous pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) after open-globe injury, and to analyze postoperative outcomes and prognostic factors of treatment.

    Methods: Clinical data of 89 eyes of 89 patients with open-globe injury who underwent secondary sulcus-fixed foldable IOL implantation through a clear corneal incision with 25-G infusion after vitrectomy in our hospital between January 2008 and June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The examinations before IOL implantation mainly included visual acuity, slit-lamp examination, direct and indirect ophthalmoscope, visual electrophysiology, corneal endothelium, B scan, ultrasound biomicroscope, and intraocular pressure. Read More

    A pilot study of intraocular lens explantation in 69 eyes in Chinese patients.
    Int J Ophthalmol 2017 18;10(4):579-585. Epub 2017 Apr 18.
    Xi'an No.4 Hospital, Shaanxi Ophthalmic Medical Center, Affiliated Guangren Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710004, Shaanxi Province, China.
    Aim: To study the effects of intraocular lens (IOL) explantation and demographic characteristics.

    Methods: Retrospective non-comparative case series. Clinical data recorded from patient charts included the following: demographic, preoperative and postoperative characteristics; complications; surgical methods, and changes in visual acuity. Read More

    Pars plana vitrectomy with partial tamponade of filtered air in Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment caused by superior retinal breaks.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2017 May 12;17(1):64. Epub 2017 May 12.
    State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, 54S Xianlie Road, Guangzhou, 510060, China.
    Background: To investigate the anatomic and functional outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with partial tamponade of filtered air for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) caused by superior retinal breaks.

    Methods: Retrospective, comparative, consecutive case series study. Patients with RRD caused by superior retinal breaks undergone PPV with partial tamponade (Group A) and whole tamponade (Group B) of filtered air were included. Read More

    [Visual impact of sub-tenon's anesthesia during surgery for retinal detachment].
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2017 May;53(5):332-337
    Joint Shantou International Eye Center of Shantou University and the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shantou 515041, China.
    Objective: To investigate the visual impact and influence factors of sub-Tenon's anesthesia in retinal detachment patients during pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) or combined phacoemulsification and PPV surgery. Methods: In this prospective case series study, 104 consecutive patients who underwent PPV or combined phacoemulsification and PPV under sub-Tenon's anesthesia between October 2012 and December 2013 were enrolled. Intraoperatively, the patients were asked whether they could see the light of the operating microscope or not at 5 minutes after sub-Tenon's anesthesia, and at the end of phacoemulsification, core vitreous removal, peripheral vitreous removal and the whole surgery, with their contralateral eyes being covered tightly and no photobleaching. Read More

    COMBINED PARS PLANA VITRECTOMY AND SCLERAL FIXATION OF AN INTRAOCULAR LENS USING GORE-TEX SUTURE: One-Year Outcomes.
    Retina 2017 May 10. Epub 2017 May 10.
    *The Retina Service of Wills Eye Hospital, Mid-Atlantic Retina, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; †Retina Division, Doheny Eye Center UCLA, Doheny and Stein Eye Institutes, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California; and ‡Mid Atlantic Retina Specialists, Hagerstown, Maryland.
    Purpose: To report the 1-year clinical outcomes of combined pars plana vitrectomy and ab externo scleral fixation of an intraocular lens using Gore-Tex suture.

    Methods: Retrospective, interventional case series. Outcome measures were change in visual acuity and occurrence of intraoperative and postoperative complications with minimum follow-up of 1 year. Read More

    Safety and efficacy of a low-cost glaucoma drainage device for refractory childhood glaucoma.
    Br J Ophthalmol 2017 May 6. Epub 2017 May 6.
    Advanced Eye Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
    Background: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a low-cost glaucoma drainage device (GDD), Aurolab aqueous drainage implant (AADI), similar in design to the Baerveldt glaucoma implant (BGI), in refractory childhood glaucoma.

    Methods: This prospective interventional study was conducted in a tertiary care postgraduate teaching institute. Children aged <16 years with uncontrolled intraocular pressure (IOP) refractory to medical treatment and considered at high risk of failure following trabeculectomy were recruited. Read More

    Vitrectomy and Vitrector Port Needle Biopsy of Choroidal Melanoma for Gene Expression Profile Testing Immediately before Brachytherapy.
    Ophthalmology 2017 Apr 28. Epub 2017 Apr 28.
    Ophthalmology Associates, Louisville, Kentucky.
    Purpose: Transvitreal and transscleral needle biopsy can result in complications including vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment. This study evaluated a technique using 25-gauge vitrectomy as an adjunct to needle biopsy immediately before brachytherapy to minimize these complications and preserve good visual acuity.

    Design: Retrospective, observational case series. Read More

    Flanged Intrascleral Intraocular Lens Fixation with Double-Needle Technique.
    Ophthalmology 2017 Apr 27. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan.
    Purpose: To report the clinical outcomes of a new technique for transconjunctival intrascleral fixation of an intraocular lens (IOL).

    Design: Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series.

    Participants: One hundred eyes of 97 consecutive patients with aphakia, dislocated IOL, or subluxated crystalline lens who underwent posterior chamber sutureless implantation of an IOL were studied. Read More

    Outcomes after implantable collamer lens surgery in a Canadian cohort.
    Can J Ophthalmol 2017 Apr 27;52(2):150-154. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
    Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.
    Objective: To describe refractive outcomes and complications after implantable collamer lens (ICL) implantation.

    Design: Retrospective, interventional case series.

    Methods: A database search of ICL surgeries over a 5-year period (2009-2013) was conducted, and 83 eyes of 44 patients were included. Read More

    Optical coherence tomography evaluation of patients with macula-off retinal detachment after different postoperative posturing: a randomized pilot study.
    Acta Ophthalmol 2017 Apr 26. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
    The Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Purpose: To assess the presence of outer and inner retinal folds (RFs) and drop-out of the ellipsoid zone (EZ) occurring after surgical repair of macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) with different postoperative posture and preoperative use of adjuvant perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCO).

    Methods: In this prospective study, 56 eyes of 56 consecutive patients affected by RRD were subjected to 23- or 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). The patients were randomized in four groups (14 prone 5 hr without PFCO, 14 supine 5 hr without PFCO, 14 prone 5 hr with PFCO and 14 supine 5 hr with PFCO) and followed up with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Read More

    OCULAR HYPERTENSION AND GLAUCOMA FOLLOWING VITRECTOMY: A Systematic Review.
    Retina 2017 Apr 19. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    *Ophthalmology Clinic, Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence and AOU Careggi, Florence, Italy; †Retina Division, Stein Eye Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; ‡Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy; and §Department of Surgical and Morphological Sciences, University of Insurbia-Circolo Hospital, Varese, Italy.
    Purpose: Pars plana vitrectomy has been reported to increase the risk of ocular hypertension and open-angle glaucoma. The authors conducted a systematic review of randomized and nonrandomized studies to compare the incidence of open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension in vitrectomized versus nonvitrectomized eyes.

    Methods: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE and EMBASE until August 2016. Read More

    A New Sutureless Illuminated Macular Buckle Designed for Myopic Macular Hole Retinal Detachment.
    J Ophthalmol 2017 16;2017:6742164. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    General Ophthalmology Hospital of Alexandria, Alexandria 21547, Egypt.
    Purpose. To report the anatomic and visual results of a new sutureless illuminated macular buckle designed for patients with macular hole retinal detachment related to high myopia (MMHRD). Design. Read More

    The Safety and Efficacy of Adjustable Postoperative Position after Pars Plana Vitrectomy for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.
    J Ophthalmol 2017 20;2017:5760173. Epub 2017 Mar 20.
    The Eye Hospital, School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.
    Purpose. To report the safety and efficacy of adjustable postoperative position for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Methods. Read More

    Intravitreal anti-VEGF treatment for retinopathy of prematurity in infants with active adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis.
    Cutan Ocul Toxicol 2017 Apr 27:1-4. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital , Adana , Turkey.
    Purpose: To evaluate the results of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants with active adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis (AKC).

    Material And Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed using the medical records of all infants treated with intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF agents during an AKC outbreak previously reported in the literature at a tertiary center for treatment of ROP. The infants were divided into two groups. Read More

    Surgical treatment and visual outcomes of cataract with persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous.
    Int J Ophthalmol 2017 18;10(3):391-399. Epub 2017 Mar 18.
    Ophthalmologic Center, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China.
    Aim: To evaluate the surgical treatment and visual outcomes of eyes with cataract and persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV).

    Methods: This retrospective study included patients with cataract and PHPV treated with various strategies. Anterior PHPV was treated using phacoemulsification with underwater electric coagulation on posterior capsule neovascularization, posterior capsulotomy, anterior vitrectomy, and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Read More

    Postoperative roll cake-like macular fold after retinal detachment surgery.
    Int Ophthalmol 2017 Apr 3. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Visual Sciences, Nihon University Hospital, Nihon University School of Medicine, 1-6, Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-8301, Japan.
    Purpose: To report a case developing a severe retinal fold (RF), resembling a roll cake on optical coherence tomography (OCT), after retinal detachment (RD) surgery.

    Case Report: A 61-year-old man underwent vitrectomy for a limited macula-on-superior rhegmatogenous RD and gas tamponade at another hospital. Despite remaining prone for 4 days, RF was noted after gas disappearance and he was referred to us. Read More

    Comparative Study of 27-Gauge versus 25-Gauge Vitrectomy for the Treatment of Primary Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.
    J Ophthalmol 2017 4;2017:6384985. Epub 2017 Mar 4.
    Ophthalmology Department, University of Florence, A.O.U.C., Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy.
    Purpose. To compare the vitrectomy time, clinical outcomes, and complications between 27-gauge (27-G) and 25-gauge (25-G) vitrectomy in patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (PRRD). Methods. Read More

    SHORT-TERM OUTCOMES OF HYBRID 23-, 25-, AND 27-GAUGE VITRECTOMY FOR COMPLEX DIABETIC TRACTIONAL RETINAL DETACHMENT REPAIR.
    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Mar 29. Epub 2017 Mar 29.
    *The Retina Service of Wills Eye Hospital, Mid Atlantic Retina, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and †Doheny and Stein Eye Institutes, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California.
    Purpose: To describe the short-term outcomes of complex diabetic retinal detachment repair using hybrid 23-gauge or 25-gauge vitrectomy instruments with a 27-gauge vitrectomy system.

    Methods: Retrospective, interventional, consecutive case series. Ten eyes of 10 patients undergoing hybrid pars plana vitrectomy for diabetic tractional retinal detachment were reviewed. Read More

    MASSIVE SUBRETINAL GAS AFTER VITRECTOMY SURGERY: MECHANISM AND MANAGEMENT.
    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Mar 29. Epub 2017 Mar 29.
    *Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; †VitreoRetinal Surgery PA, Minneapolis, Minnesota; ‡Vitreous Retina Macula Specialists of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and §Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Purpose: To describe the complication of subretinal gas after pars plana vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, as well as its management.

    Methods: The presence of subretinal gas was noted on postoperative Day 1 after pars plana vitrectomy for a chronic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Resolution of subretinal gas was facilitated by an infusion line and external sclerotomy to expand the vitreous cavity. Read More

    Five-year outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy for macular edema associated with branch retinal vein occlusion.
    Clin Ophthalmol 2017 17;11:369-375. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital; Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Biomedical Research and Innovation.
    Purpose: Long-term outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for macular edema (ME) associated with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) have been previously reported, but the studies did not report the number of additional treatments after surgery. During 5 years of follow-up, we therefore investigated the efficacy and safety of PPV for BRVO and evaluated the incidence of additional treatments.

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 25 eyes of 24 patients who underwent PPV for ME associated with BRVO and were followed up for at least 5 years. Read More

    Motorized injector-assisted intrascleral intraocular lens fixation.
    Kaohsiung J Med Sci 2017 Mar 11;33(3):137-143. Epub 2017 Feb 11.
    Department of Ophthalmology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan. Electronic address:
    For eyes with deficient capsular support, intraocular lens (IOL) implantation has long been a technical challenge. Recently, intrascleral fixation of the haptics of a three-piece posterior chamber IOL has become a popular option. In this procedure, externalization of the leading haptic during IOL injection is a stressful step. Read More

    Visual outcome and early complications of sutureless and glueless scleral fixated intraocular lens.
    Nepal J Ophthalmol 2016 Jan;8(15):41-46
    Introduction: In the absence of capsular support, anterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL), iris fixated IOL and sutured scleral fixated intraocular lens (SFIOL) implantation have been performed for many years. Recently sutureless glued SFIOL have been used as a primary or secondary procedure to correct aphakia. In this study we have used sutureless and glueless technique of SFIOL implantation. Read More

    INTERNAL LIMITING MEMBRANE PEELING-DEPENDENT RETINAL STRUCTURAL CHANGES AFTER VITRECTOMY IN RHEGMATOGENOUS RETINAL DETACHMENT.
    Retina 2017 Feb 23. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    *Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan; †Clinical Research Institute, Kyushu Medical Centre, Fukuoka, Japan; ‡Department of Ophthalmology, Saga University School of Medicine, Saga, Japan; §Department of Ophthalmology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Nagano, Japan; and ¶Department of Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University School of Medicine, Kagoshima, Japan.
    Purpose: To examine retinal changes after vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, we used 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography (3D-OCT) in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment cases.

    Methods: The 68 eyes from 67 patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were studied, including 35 detached macula cases (51%) and 33 attached macula cases. Internal limiting membrane peeling was performed with fine forceps after brilliant blue G staining. Read More

    EFFICACY OF THE INVERTED INTERNAL LIMITING MEMBRANE FLAP TECHNIQUE WITH VITRECTOMY FOR RETINAL DETACHMENT ASSOCIATED WITH MYOPIC MACULAR HOLES.
    Retina 2017 Mar;37(3):466-471
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Purpose: To evaluate the anatomical and functional outcome of the inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique with vitrectomy for retinal detachment associated with macular hole (MHRD) in highly myopic eyes.

    Methods: In this retrospective observational study, 21 eyes with MHRD that underwent vitrectomy with conventional ILM peeling (ILM-peeling group, n = 11) or the inverted ILM flap technique (ILM flap group, n = 10) combined with C3F8 tamponade were enrolled in this study. The initial retinal reattachment rate, macular hole closure rate, and postoperative visual acuity at the final visit were compared between the ILM-peeling group and ILM flap group. Read More

    DOUBLE ARCUATE RELAXING RETINOTOMY FOR A LARGE MACULAR HOLE.
    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Feb 17. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    Istanbul Retina Institute, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Purpose: To describe double arcuate relaxing retinotomy as an alternative surgical technique in a case with a secondary large macular hole.

    Methods: The management of a patient who developed a large macular hole and macular tractional rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after pars plana vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy was retrospectively assessed. Despite surgical procedures, such as dissection of a preretinal membrane from the retina and peeling of the retinal internal limiting membrane, the macular hole could not be closed. Read More

    Long-term surgical outcomes of the inverted internal limiting membrane flap technique in highly myopic macular hole retinal detachment.
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2017 Jun 20;255(6):1101-1106. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Toho University Sakura Medical Center, 564-1 Shimoshizu, Sakura City, Chiba, 285-0841, Japan.
    Background: Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) procedures are used for the surgical treatment of macular hole retinal detachment (MHRD) associated with high myopia. Re-detachment of the retina has been reported in MHRD associated with high myopia. Our aim was to evaluate the 1-year outcomes of vitrectomy, performed using an inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique with gas tamponade, in five cases of MHRD associated with high myopia. Read More

    PARS PLANA VITRECTOMY AND LENSECTOMY FOR ECTOPIA LENTIS WITH AND WITHOUT THE INDUCTION OF A POSTERIOR VITREOUS DETACHMENT.
    Retina 2017 Feb 15. Epub 2017 Feb 15.
    *Vitreoretinal Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom. M. S. Singh is now with the Retina Division, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland; †Vitreoretinal Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom; and ‡Vitreoretinal Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom. P. Petrou is now with the Department of Ophthalmology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
    Purpose: Posterior hyaloid removal during pars plana vitrectomy and lensectomy for ectopia lentis is commonly performed, but may increase the risk of intraoperative retinal breaks and postoperative retinal detachment. This study evaluated outcomes after pars plana vitrectomy and lensectomy with or without posterior hyaloid removal.

    Methods: This retrospective observational cohort study included ectopia lentis cases that underwent pars plana vitrectomy and lensectomy (2005-2014), with or without intraoperative induction of a posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Read More

    RETINAL LAYER SEGMENTATION AFTER SILICONE OIL OR GAS TAMPONADE FOR MACULA-ON RETINAL DETACHMENT USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY.
    Retina 2017 Feb 15. Epub 2017 Feb 15.
    *Department of Ophthalmology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; and †Department of Ophthalmology, Severance Hospital, Institute of Vision Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Purpose: To evaluate and compare the effect of silicone oil and gas on the thickness of all retinal layers in eyes with macula-on retinal detachment (RD).

    Methods: Three hundred and sixty-seven eyes of 367 patients who received silicone oil tamponade and 310 eyes of 310 patients who received gas tamponade for the treatment of rhegmatogenous RD were initially reviewed. Automated retinal segmentation method using Spectralis optical coherence tomography was used for analysis. Read More

    Surgical Management of a Patient with Anterior Megalophthalmos, Lens Subluxation, and a High Risk of Retinal Detachment.
    Case Rep Ophthalmol 2017 Jan-Apr;8(1):61-66. Epub 2017 Jan 26.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Dr. Peset, Valencia, Spain.
    The early development of lens opacities and lens subluxation are the most common causes of vision loss in patients with anterior megalophthalmos (AM). Cataract surgery in such patients is challenging, however, because of anatomical abnormalities. Intraocular lens dislocation is the most common postoperative complication. Read More

    VISUALIZATION OF THE MACULA IN GAS-FILLED EYES: Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Versus Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography.
    Retina 2017 Feb 10. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hanyang University Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seongdong-gu, Seoul, Korea.
    Purpose: To compare the visualization of the macula between spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) in gas-filled eyes.

    Methods: Sixty-one patients with common indications of gas tamponade, including 27 with macular holes and 34 with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, who were treated with vitrectomy and gas tamponade were imaged using both SD-OCT (3D-OCT 2000, Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) and SS-OCT (DRI-OCT, Topcon) at 1, 3, and 7 days after the surgery. Good visualization of the macular area was defined as 1) visible foveal contour and discriminable status of hole (open or closed) for macular hole and 2) visible macular contour and distinguishable status for the presence of subretinal fluid for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Read More

    Primary iris claw IOL retrofixation with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide in cases of inadequate capsular support.
    Int Ophthalmol 2017 Feb 9. Epub 2017 Feb 9.
    National Institute of Ophthalmology, 1187/30, Off Ghole Road, Near Phule Museum, Shivaji Nagar, Pune, 411005, India.
    Purpose: To assess the outcomes and analyze complication rates following primary iris claw IOL retrofixation with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide.

    Methods: This is a retrospective interventional case series. Patients with poor capsular support-diagnosed preoperatively or owing to intraoperative complications-were treated with iris claw IOL retrofixation with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide. Read More

    Surgical Management of Traumatic Retinal Detachment with Primary Vitrectomy in Adult Patients.
    J Ophthalmol 2017 9;2017:5084319. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Department of General Ophthalmology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland; Department of Experimental Pharmacology, Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.
    Purpose. To evaluate functional and anatomical results of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in the retinal detachment (RD) followed by severe eye trauma. Methods. Read More

    25-Gauge Vitrectomy in Open Eye Injury with Retained Foreign Body.
    J Ophthalmol 2017 9;2017:3161680. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Department of Medical Basic Sciences, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, University of Bari "A. Moro", Bari, Italy; Eye Clinic, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Policlinico di Bari, Piazza Giulio Cesare, No. 11, 70124 Bari, Italy.
    Purpose. Ocular trauma with retained foreign body is an important cause of visual impairment in working-age population. Clinical status impacts on the timing and planning of surgery. Read More

    Two-Port Pars Plana Anterior and Central Core Vitrectomy (Lam Floaterectomy) in Combination With Phacoemulsification and Intraocular Lens Implantation Under Topical Anesthesia for Patients with Cataract and Significant Floaters: Results of the First 50 Consecutive Cases.
    Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) 2017 Jan-Feb;6(1):33-36
    Dennis Lam & Partners Eye Center, Central, Hong Kong.
    Purpose: To study the safety and efficacy of 2-port pars plana anterior and central core vitrectomy (Lam floaterectomy) in combination with phacoemulsification (phaco) and intraocular lens implantation (IOL) for patients with cataract and significant floaters under topical anesthesia.

    Design: Retrospective review of the first 50 consecutive cases.

    Methods: A standardized treatment protocol was used for patients with cataract and significant (moderate to severe) floaters (duration > 3 months). Read More

    Gas Tamponade for Retinectomy in PVR-Related Retinal Detachments: A Retrospective Study.
    Ophthalmol Ther 2017 Feb 3. Epub 2017 Feb 3.
    King's College Hospital, London, UK.
    Introduction: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the anatomical and functional results in patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) treated with retinectomy and perfluoro-octane gas (C3F8) as a tamponade agent.

    Methods: 12 patients with inferior and anterior complicated PVR-related retinal detachment, who were treated with retinectomy, where C3F8 was used as the tamponade agent were examined. Primary outcome was the anatomical success, while visual acuity, existence of an epiretinal membrane (ERM) and intraocular pressure (IOP) postoperatively were secondary outcomes. Read More

    Short-Term Vitreoretinal Tamponade with Heavy Liquid Following Surgery for Giant Retinal Tear.
    Curr Eye Res 2017 Feb 3:1-5. Epub 2017 Feb 3.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , Rabin Medical Center - Beilinson Hospital , Petach Tikva , Israel.
    Purpose: To study the efficacy and outcomes of short-term postoperative vitreoretinal tamponade with perfluorocarbon heavy liquid in patients with giant retinal tear.

    Materials And Methods: The study group consisted of 13 consecutive patients (13 eyes) who presented with giant retinal tear at a tertiary medical center in 2011-2015 and were treated with vitrectomy followed by short-term tamponade with perfluorocarbon heavy liquid. A minimum of 3 months' follow-up was required for inclusion. Read More

    Structural and Functional Recovery Following Limited Iatrogenic Macular Detachment for Retinal Gene Therapy.
    JAMA Ophthalmol 2017 Mar;135(3):234-241
    Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom2Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom5Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
    Importance: The early decline and recovery of retinal structure and function following iatrogenic macular detachment for retinal gene therapy is not well characterized in those with relatively preserved central visual function. Here, the recovery of retinal structure and function over the first month following iatrogenic retinal detachment for the delivery of adeno-associated viral vector encoding Rab Escort Protein 1 is described as a part of gene therapy for choroideremia.

    Objective: To study changes in both retinal structure and function during the first month following iatrogenic macular detachment surgery. Read More

    Pars plana vitrectomy with 360° versus localized laser retinopexy in the management of retinal detachment with undetected breaks intraoperatively: a retrospective, comparative, interventional study.
    Lasers Med Sci 2017 Apr 30;32(3):583-589. Epub 2017 Jan 30.
    Department of Ophthalmology, First People's Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai Jiaotong University, 100 Haining Road, Hongkou District, Shanghai, 200080, China.
    The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of intraoperative 360° and localized laser retinopexy in 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD) with undetected retinal breaks intraoperatively. This is a retrospective, comparative, interventional study. Medical records of 48 consecutive eyes with RRD of intraoperative undetected retinal breaks were reviewed. Read More

    Anatomical and functional outcomes of scleral buckling versus primary vitrectomy in pseudophakic retinal detachment.
    Bosn J Basic Med Sci 2017 Feb 21;17(1):74-80. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Department of Retina, SB Ankara Ulucanlar Eye Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
    Retinal detachment is the separation of the sensory retina from the retinal pigment epithelium by subretinal fluid. There are several types of retinal re-attachment surgery, including scleral buckling (SB), pneumatic retinopexy, and vitrectomy (with or without SB). The objective of this study was to compare anatomical and visual outcomes between patients with pseudophakic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) who underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with silicone oil (SO) or perfluoropropane (C3F8) gas tamponade and pseudophakic RRD patients who underwent SB surgery. Read More

    Patching retinal breaks with Seprafilm for treating retinal detachments in humans: 9 years of follow-up.
    Eye (Lond) 2017 May 27;31(5):776-780. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kurume University, School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.
    PurposeTo describe the long-term surgical outcomes of four patients treated for retinal detachment using Seprafilm as a novel technique.MethodsRetinal breaks in four eyes were covered with Seprafilm using a transvitreal approach after cataract surgery, pars plana vitrectomy, fluid-air exchange, and laser photocoagulation. Neither long-standing gas nor silicone oil was used. Read More

    Direct transretinal removal of subfoveal perfluorocarbon liquid: the role and timing of internal limiting membrane peeling.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2017 Mar 23;27(2):249-252. Epub 2017 Jan 23.
    Institute of Ocular Microsurgery (IMO), Barcelona - Spain.
    Purpose: To describe a case series including 4 patients undergoing direct transretinal aspiration of subfoveal perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) and internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling after macula-off retinal detachment surgery.

    Methods: Four patients who had undergone vitreoretinal surgery due to primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were further treated because of retained subfoveal PFCL. Direct transretinal aspiration of PFCL through a self-sealing foveal retinotomy was performed in all cases using a 41-G needle placed on the top of the bubble. Read More

    Aniseikonia in various retinal disorders.
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2017 Jun 25;255(6):1063-1071. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, Japan.
    Purpose: The purpose was to quantify and compare the severity of aniseikonia in patients undergoing vitrectomy for various retinal disorders.

    Methods: We studied 357 patients with retinal disorders including epiretinal membrane (ERM), macular hole (MH), cystoid macular edema with branch / central retinal vein occlusion (BRVO-CME / CRVO-CME), diabetic macular edema (DME), macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (M-off RD), and macula-on RD (M-on RD) as well as 31 normal controls. The amount of aniseikonia was measured using the New Aniseikonia Test preoperatively and at 6 months postoperatively. Read More

    Scleral buckling in phakic uncomplicated primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment: long-term outcomes.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2017 Mar 31;27(2):220-225. Epub 2016 Dec 31.
    Institute of Ocular Microsurgery (IMO), Barcelona - Spain.
    Purpose: Scleral buckling (SB) is a surgical technique that has been used successfully to treat retinal detachments for the last 6 decades. The aim of this study was to report the long-term anatomical and functional outcomes of SB surgery in phakic patients with uncomplicated primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (PRRD). This article also outlines the benefits of SB compared to pars plana vitrectomy, such as reducing the risk of developing cataract, high intraocular pressure, and glaucoma, in addition to reducing surgical cost. Read More

    FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH VISUAL OUTCOME AFTER MACULA-OFF RHEGMATOGENOUS RETINAL DETACHMENT SURGERY.
    Retina 2017 Jan 17. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.
    Purpose: To evaluate preoperative factors influencing the visual outcome and postoperative factors associated with the changes in visual acuity, after reattachment surgery to treat macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

    Methods: A total of 180 eyes of 180 patients who underwent reattachment surgery to treat macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, and who were followed up for more than 12 months, were reviewed retrospectively. Preoperative and postoperative characteristics, including optical coherence tomography findings, were comprehensively analyzed using univariate and multivariate models to evaluate preoperative factors influencing best-corrected visual acuity 12 months after macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment surgery and postoperative factors associated with changes in best-corrected visual acuity after surgery. Read More

    PERIPAPILLARY RETINAL NERVE FIBER THICKNESS CHANGES AFTER VITRECTOMY FOR EPIRETINAL MEMBRANE IN EYES WITH AND WITHOUT VITREOUS DETACHMENT.
    Retina 2017 Jan 16. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
    *Eye Clinic, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy; †Department of Ophthalmology, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; and ‡Eye Clinic, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti," Ancona, Italy.
    Purpose: To compare the changes in postoperative peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (p-RNFL) thickness after vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane in eyes with preexisting posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) and eyes with surgically induced PVD.

    Methods: This study included consecutive patients who underwent 25-gauge vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane. Eyes were divided, according to intraoperative PVD status, into a preexisting PVD group and surgically induced PVD group. Read More

    NOVEL TECHNIQUE FOR SUBRETINAL FLUID DRAINAGE WITH CHANDELIER-ASSISTED SCLERAL BUCKLE SURGERY: CANNULA-CONTROLLED DRAINAGE.
    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Jan 13. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
    Vitreoretinal and Uveitis Division, King Khalid Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Purpose: To report a novel technique for subretinal fluid drainage in scleral buckle surgery.

    Methods: A 26-gauge intravenous cannula with its needle was used to puncture the sclera; then, the needle (metallic part) was withdrawn to further introduce the cannula into the subretinal space. In addition, we describe using the 25-gauge microcannula of the chandelier light to inject the balanced salt solution to help restore the intraocular pressure and push the subretinal fluid through the intravenous cannula under direct visualization. Read More

    [Patient Positioning after Intraocular Surgery].
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2017 Jan 13. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
    Klinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Klinikum der Universität Regensburg.
    Gas tamponades are widely used during intraocular surgery. The high surface tension at the intraocular liquid to gas interface is used in retinal detachment and macular surgery, as well as in lamellar corneal transplant surgery. The patient's postoperative posture determines the position of the gas bubble inside the eye. Read More

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