5,057 results match your criteria Restrictive Lung Disease

Physiotherapy management of interstitial lung disease.

Anne E Holland

J Physiother 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Departments of Physiotherapy and Respiratory Medicine, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Australia; Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

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The prevalence of non-invasive ventilation and long-term oxygen treatment in Helsinki University Hospital area, Finland.

BMC Pulm Med 2022 Jun 25;22(1):248. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

HUH Heart and Lung Center, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, (Haartmaninkatu 4), P.O. Box 372, 00029, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Chronic respiratory failure (CRF) can be treated at home with non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and/or long-term oxygen (LTOT). The prevalence of these treatments is largely unknown. We aimed to clarify the prevalence and indications of the treatments, and the three-year mortality of the treated patients in the Helsinki University Hospital (HUH) area in Finland. Read More

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The Normal Lung Index From Quantitative Computed Tomography for the Evaluation of Obstructive and Restrictive Lung Disease.

J Thorac Imaging 2022 Jul 16;37(4):246-252. Epub 2021 Dec 16.

Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul.

Purpose: Our objective was to evaluate whether the normal lung index (NLI) from quantitative computed tomography (QCT) analysis can be used to predict mortality as well as pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD).

Materials And Methods: Normal subjects (n=20) and patients with COPD (n=172) and ILD (n=114) who underwent PFTs and chest CT were enrolled retrospectively in this study. QCT measures included the NLI, defined as the ratio of the lung with attenuation between -950 and -700 Hounsfield units (HU) over the total lung volume (-1024 to -250 HU, mL), high-attenuation area (-700 to -250 HU, %), emphysema index (>6% of pixels < -950 HU), skewness, kurtosis, and mean lung attenuation. Read More

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Experiences of Birth during COVID-19 Pandemic in Italy and Spain: A Thematic Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 18;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Nursing, Universitat Jaume I, Avenida de Vicent Sos Baynat, s/n, 12071 Castellón de la Plana, Spain.

Becoming parents during the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been a challenge. The purpose of this study was to describe the impact of the pandemic on new and expectant parents in both Italy and Spain. A descriptive qualitative study was carried out by collecting social media posts written by parents between March 2020 and April 2021. Read More

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Impact of Obesity on Lung Function in Cats with Bronchoconstriction.

Vet Sci 2022 Jun 7;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 7.

IVC Evidensia Hospital Veterinari Molins, 08620 Sant Vicenç dels Horts, Spain.

Obesity is a nutritional disorder commonly diagnosed in adult cats that has been associated with an increased risk of different chronic diseases including respiratory diseases. The main objective of this study is to define if there is a relation between lung function measured by barometric whole-body plethysmography and obesity in cats with bronchoconstriction. Fifty-three cats were included in the study. Read More

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Outcomes of Patients with Mutant Advanced NSCLC in a Developing Country in Southeast Asia.

Cancer Manag Res 2022 16;14:1995-2005. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Although first- and second-generation EGFR TKIs are considered first-line treatment in EGFRm+ NSCLC, most patients develop resistance and progress, commonly, EGFR mutation. The third-generation EGFR-TKI has demonstrated efficacy in patients with progressive disease harboring the mutation and in the first-line setting, bypassing this mode of resistance. The primary objectives of this study are to describe the proportion of m+ NSCLC patients treated with first-, second- and third-generation EGFR TKIs, and cytotoxic chemotherapy in the first-line setting, and the time on treatment for each category. Read More

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Lung function and exercise capacity 6 months after hospital discharge for critical COVID-19.

BMC Pulm Med 2022 Jun 22;22(1):243. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Division of Intensive Care, Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: The significant morbidity caused by COVID-19 necessitates further understanding of long-term recovery. Our aim was to evaluate long-term lung function, exercise capacity, and radiological findings in patients after critical COVID-19.

Methods: Patients who received treatment in ICU for COVID-19 between March 2020 and January 2021 underwent pulmonary function tests, a 6MWD and CXR 6 months after hospital discharge. Read More

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Changes in Thoracic Cavity Volume After Bilateral Lung Transplantation.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2022 26;9:881119. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, South Korea.

Purpose: End-stage lung diseases result in anatomical changes of the thoracic cavity. However, very few studies have assessed changes in the thoracic cavity after lung transplantation (LTx). This study aimed to evaluate the relationships between thoracic cavity volume (TCV) changes after LTx and underlying lung disease. Read More

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Ready for Vaccination? COVID-19 Vaccination Willingness of Older People in Austria.

Front Public Health 2022 3;10:859024. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Gerontology and Health Research, Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences, Krems an der Donau, Austria.

In spite of findings highlighting higher health risk from infection compared to younger people, a certain percentage of older people in Austria still lack a valid vaccination certificate. The current gaps in vaccination coverage in countries such as Austria are likely to be in large part due to vaccination refusal and pose or will pose problems for the health system and consequently for all of society should the initial findings on Omicron coronavirus infectivity prove true. Surprisingly, only a few studies around the globe explicitly address older people's COVID-19 vaccination willingness. Read More

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Effects of the COVID-19 Lockdown on Air Pollutant Levels and Associated Reductions in Ischemic Stroke Incidence in Shandong Province, China.

Front Public Health 2022 27;10:876615. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Qilu Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Background: Local governments in China took restrictive measures after the outbreak of COVID-19 to control its spread, which unintentionally resulted in reduced anthropogenic emission sources of air pollutants. In this study, we intended to examine the effects of the COVID-19 lockdown policy on the concentration levels of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters of ≤1 μm (PM), ≤2.5 μm (PM), and ≤10 μm (PM), nitrogen dioxide (NO), sulfur dioxide (SO), ozone (O), and carbon monoxide (CO) and the potential subsequent reductions in the incidence of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in Shandong Province, China. Read More

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Older age at Fontan completion is associated with reduced lung volumes and increased lung reactance.

Int J Cardiol 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Fontan patients have abnormal lung function, in particular restrictive lung disease and low diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO). We sought to further characterise these abnormalities with detailed pulmonary function testing and examine associations with clinical parameters.

Methods: 132 Fontan patients across Australia and New Zealand underwent spirometry, with 126 subjects included in final analyses. Read More

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Pulmonary Evaluation of Post-COVID-19 Patients: An Ecuadorian Experience.

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2022 12;12(2):30-34. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Universidad Espíritu Santo, Samborondón, Ecuador.

Background: Despite the growing concerns related to the potential of long-term pulmonary sequelae due to COVID-19, data about intermediate and long-term changes in the respiratory function of patients who recover is relatively sparse, particularly in developing countries.

Objectives: To assess the characteristics and pulmonary function at follow-up in a sample of Ecuadorian patients that recovered from the virus.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study that included 43 patients after symptomatic COVID infection, who were evaluated by spirometry, single breath DLCO, and 6MWT. Read More

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Factors Associated with PA Level during the COVID-19 Outbreak in Serbia.

P R Health Sci J 2022 Jun;41(2):63-67

Department of Humanities, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

Objective: The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has had an influence on almost the entire world and has become a major public health problem. Many countries have introduced measures that restrict the movement of the population and that may negatively influence the physical activity (PA) levels. The aim of this study was to examine the factors associated with changes in PA in Serbia during the COVID-19 outbreak. Read More

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PIEZO2-related distal arthrogryposis type 5: Longitudinal follow-up of a three-generation family broadens phenotypic spectrum, complications, and health surveillance recommendations for this patient group.

Am J Med Genet A 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

West Midlands Regional Genetics Service, Birmingham Women's and Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.

Arthrogryposis is a heterogenous condition with a wide variety of etiological causes. It has been subdivided clinically based on the presence of additional features. Dominant gain of function (GoF) pathogenic variants in PIEZO2 have been associated with several forms of arthrogryposis. Read More

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Optimal Social Distancing Policy for COVID-19 Control in Korea: A Model-Based Analysis.

J Korean Med Sci 2022 Jun 13;37(23):e189. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Artificial Intelligence and Big-Data Convergence Center, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

Background: Since March 2020, when coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic, many countries have applied unprecedented restrictive measures to contain the spread of the virus. This study aimed to explore the optimal social distancing policy for COVID-19 control in South Korea to safely reopen the society.

Methods: We developed an age-specific, deterministic compartment epidemic model to examine the COVID-19 control decision-making process, including the epidemiology of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) between 1 July 2021 and 30 December 2022. Read More

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Public support for unequal treatment of unvaccinated citizens: Evidence from Denmark.

Soc Sci Med 2022 Jul 1;305:115101. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

CEPDISC - Centre for the Experimental-Philosophical Study of Discrimination, Department of Political Science, Aarhus University, Denmark.

While billions have been vaccinated against COVID-19, unvaccinated citizens remain a challenge to public health given their higher likelihood of passing on the virus. One way for governments to reduce this concern is to enact more restrictive rules and regulations for the unvaccinated citizens in order to incentivize them to become vaccinated and/or reduce their spread of the virus. However, such rule differentiation conflicts with liberal principles of equal treatment, thereby raising a trade-off between material (public health) and principled concerns. Read More

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Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Lockdown: Morbidity, Perception, Behaviors, and Attitudes in French Families From the PARIS Birth Cohort.

Front Public Health 2022 24;10:907456. Epub 2022 May 24.

Health Environmental Risk Assessment (HERA) Team, Centre of Research in Epidemiology and Statistics (CRESS), Inserm, National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (INRAE), Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Background: Few studies have examined the overall experience of adolescents and their families during COVID-19 lockdowns. This study describes COVID-19-related morbidity in the PARIS birth cohort families during the first lockdown in France and identifies family profiles in terms of morbidity, perception, behaviors, and attitudes.

Methods: Online questionnaires were sent to adolescents of the PARIS birth cohort and their parents. Read More

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The Experience of COVID-19 Visitor Restrictions among Families of People Living in Long-Term Residential Care Facilities during the First Wave of the Pandemic in Ireland.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 27;19(11). Epub 2022 May 27.

Catherine McAuley School of Nursing and Midwifery, University College Cork, T12AK54 Cork, Ireland.

Public health responses to COVID-19 in long-term residential care facilities (LTRCFs) have restricted family engagement with residents. These restrictions impact on quality of care and the psychosocial and emotional well-being of family caregivers. Following a national cross-sectional web-based survey, respondents were invited to provide personal reflections on visitor restrictions. Read More

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Assessing Access to WASH in Urban Schools during COVID-19 in Kazakhstan: Case Study of Central Kazakhstan.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 25;19(11). Epub 2022 May 25.

Division of Social Medicine and Global Health, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, 214 28 Malmö, Sweden.

The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) produces global estimates of the real situation of access to water, sanitation and hygiene services, and sanitation and hygiene in households, educational institutes and health care facilities; however it is lacking data on schools in Kazakhstan. Thus, the aim of this research was to assess access to WASH in schools of urban area in Kazakhstan. The study was conducted in seven schools of Central Kazakhstan during the COVID-19 pandemic and restrictive measures. Read More

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Reducing Immunosuppression in Patients with De Novo Lung Carcinoma after Liver Transplantation Could Significantly Prolong Survival.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Jun 1;14(11). Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Surgery, Campus Virchow-Klinikum and Campus Charité Mitte, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany.

(1) Background: Liver transplantation (LT) is an established treatment for selected patients with end-stage liver disease resulting in a subsequent need for long-term immunosuppressive therapy. With cumulative exposure to immunosuppression (IS), the risk for the development of de novo lung carcinoma increases. Due to limited therapy options and prognosis after diagnosis of lung cancer, the question of the mode and extent of IS in this particular situation is raised. Read More

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An epigenome-wide study of DNA methylation profiles and lung function among American Indians in the Strong Heart Study.

Clin Epigenetics 2022 Jun 9;14(1):75. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, USA.

Background: Epigenetic modifications, including DNA methylation (DNAm), are often related to environmental exposures, and are increasingly recognized as key processes in the pathogenesis of chronic lung disease. American Indian communities have a high burden of lung disease compared to the national average. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of DNAm and lung function in the Strong Heart Study (SHS). Read More

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Are free school meals failing families? Exploring the relationship between child food insecurity, child mental health and free school meal status during COVID-19: national cross-sectional surveys.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 9;12(6):e059047. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Health Sciences, University of York, York, North Yorkshire, UK.

Objective: Food insecurity is linked to poor health and well-being in children and rising prevalence rates have been exacerbated by COVID-19. Free school meals (FSM) are considered a critical tool for reducing the adverse effects of poverty but apply a highly restrictive eligibility criteria. This study examined levels of food security and FSM status to support decision-making regarding increasing the current eligibility criteria. Read More

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Auxology of small samples: A method to describe child growth when restrictions prevent surveys.

PLoS One 2022 7;17(6):e0269420. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Biological Anthropology and Comparative Anatomy Research Unit, School of Biomedicine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.

Background: Child growth in populations is commonly characterised by cross-sectional surveys. These require data collection from large samples of individuals across age ranges spanning 1-20 years. Such surveys are expensive and impossible in restrictive situations, such as, e. Read More

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Working With Refugees' Health During COVID-19-The Experience of Health- and Social Care Workers in Sweden.

Front Public Health 2022 19;10:811974. Epub 2022 May 19.

Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM), Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.

Introduction: In Sweden, often seen as one of the most egalitarian countries, the COVID-19 pandemic exposed high levels of health inequality, especially harming people with a refugee background. This is also despite Sweden's image as a refugee-friendly country. In this context, the aim of this paper is to better understand how Swedish health- and social workers have reacted to the health- and social needs of refugees during the pandemic. Read More

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Chronic lung allograft dysfunction and restrictive allograft syndrome: are phenotypes robust and helpful?

Curr Opin Organ Transplant 2022 06;27(3):211-216

Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery & Pneumology UZA, University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium.

Purpose Of Review: New chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) consensus documents were published in 2019, defining four phenotypes; bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome, restrictive allograft syndrome, mixed and undefined. Clearly, validation of these guidelines in a real life cohort is critical.

Recent Findings: Indeed, validation has been performed recently, both after bilateral lung transplantation (LTx) and after single LTx illustrating that precise phenotyping based on pulmonary function alone can be difficult. Read More

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Fake news and the seven sins of capital: a metaphorical analysis of vices in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Cad Saude Publica 2022 30;38(5):e00195421. Epub 2022 May 30.

Escola de Enfermagem Ana Nery, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Health crises spawn "sins" and moral deformities in society that are evident when they emerge but had seemed to be dormant to collective awareness before. Through the metaphor of the seven capital sins, the article analyzes the phenomenon of fake news in the social media and in the scenario of the COVID-19 pandemic: the lust of sensationalism through the seduction and exploitation of vulnerabilities associated with fear of death; gluttony for confirmatory contents that spread untruths in the attempt to turn versions into facts; the catechism of denialism, fueling wrath or hate in restrictive epistemic environments; the greed of new technologies in the attention economy through engagement as a new commodity; competition for the spotlights of media visibility and derived gains that incite pride and envy in researchers that confuse public meaning with fake research, in a cycle that feeds sensationalism, gluttony, hate, and greed in attention capitalism. Finally, sloth is portrayed as the capital sin of opting for communicative inaction. Read More

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The relationship between voting restrictions and COVID-19 case and mortality rates between US counties.

PLoS One 2022 1;17(6):e0267738. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Public Health Department, Montclair State University, Montclair, New Jersey, United States of America.

Background: Since the 2010 election, the number of laws in the U.S. that create barriers to voting has increased dramatically. Read More

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Decrease in the use of bronchodilators in the management of bronchiolitis after applying improvement initiatives.

An Pediatr (Engl Ed) 2022 Jun 26;96(6):476-484. Epub 2022 May 26.

Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: In the treatment of patients with acute bronchiolitis there is great variability in clinical practice. Treatments whose efficacy has not been demonstrated are frequently used despite the recommendations contained in the Clinical Practice Guidelines.

Material And Methods: A quality improvement strategy is implemented in the care of patients with acute bronchiolitis in the Emergency Department, which is maintained for five years and is periodically updated to be increasingly restrictive regarding the use of bronchodilators. Read More

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Dreaming during the COVID-19 pandemic: A narrative review.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2022 Jul 25;138:104710. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy; Body and Action Lab, IRCSS Fondazione Santa Lucia, 00179 Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

According to several influential models, dreams can be affected by state- and trait-like factors, sleep features, and diurnal experiences. The COVID-19 pandemic globally affected daily habits, emotional experiences, and sleep. Previous studies suggested an influence of collective traumatic events on dreaming. Read More

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