4,149 results match your criteria Respiratory care[Journal]


Health Perception and Behaviors in Adults With Bronchiectasis.

Respir Care 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background: Bronchiectasis is a chronic debilitating suppurative disease that significantly impacts quality of life. Clinical outcomes like exacerbations, are usually physician centered; however, the patients' experience, health-related behaviors, and expectations have frequently been neglected. In addition, patients' health perceptions may be influenced by their culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06394DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Tailoring Empirical Antimicrobial Therapy in Subjects With Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia With a 10-Hour E-Test Approach.

Respir Care 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Univ. de Bordeaux, UMR 5234 CNRS 'Microbiologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire et Pathogénicité'', Bordeaux, France.

Background: In a previous study of subjects suspected of having ventilator-associated pneumonia, a rapid susceptibility testing approach by using ETEST (BioMérieux) strips directly applied to bronchoalveolar lavage samples provided valuable information at hour 24. The primary objective of this study was to assess a new direct specimen testing by using an even more-rapid E-test approach (at hour 10), which could promote an early de-escalation of the antimicrobial therapy.

Methods: Twenty-eight subjects with ventilator-associated pneumonia admitted to a medical ICU were prospectively included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06255DOI Listing
December 2018

Impact of Spontaneous Breathing Trial on Work of Breathing Indices Derived From Esophageal Pressure, Electrical Activity of the Diaphragm, and Oxygen Consumption in Children.

Respir Care 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) Sainte-Justine, Montreal, Québec, Canada.

Background: The present study aimed to characterize the behavior of 3 components of respiratory muscle function during mechanical ventilation weaning in children to better understand the respective impact of a spontaneous breathing trial on ventilatory mechanical action (esophageal pressure [P], ventilatory demand (electrical activity of the diaphragm [EA]), and oxygen consumption.

Methods: This was a prospective single-center study. All children ≥ 1 months and <18 y old who were intubated and on mechanical ventilation, and who were hospitalized in the pediatric ICU were eligible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06351DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A COPD Case-Finding Program in a Large Cohort of HIV-Infected Persons.

Respir Care 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Brescia and Spedali Civili General Hospital, Brescia, Italy.

Background: COPD screening guidelines in patients with HIV are lacking, and data about its under-diagnosis are still limited. This study aimed to determinate the feasibility of a case-finding program and the prevalence of COPD under-diagnosis in a large cohort of HIV-infected subjects.

Methods: All out-patients attending their routine visit for HIV monitoring at Spedali Civili General Hospital in Brescia, Italy, from February 2015 to January 2016, were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06247DOI Listing
December 2018

Objective Versus Self-Reported Adherence to Airway Clearance Therapy in Cystic Fibrosis.

Respir Care 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Pediatric Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine, as well as the Gregory Fleming James Cystic Fibrosis Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama.

Background: Historically, studies of adherence to airway clearance therapy in cystic fibrosis (CF) have relied on self-reporting. We compared self-reported airway clearance therapy adherence to actual usage data from home high-frequency chest wall compressions (HFCWC) vests and identified factors associated with overestimation of adherence in self-reports.

Methods: Pediatric patients who perform airway clearance therapy with a HFCWC vest were eligible to participate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06436DOI Listing
December 2018

Editor's Commentary.

Authors:

Respir Care 2018 Dec;63(12)

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December 2018

Mechanical Insufflation-Exsufflation Is Safe in Mechanically Ventilated Patients.

Respir Care 2018 Dec;63(12):1584

Intensive Care Unit Hospital Moinhos de Vento Porto Alegre, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06575DOI Listing
December 2018

Weak Cough Strength and Secretion Retention in Mechanically Ventilated Patients: Is There a Role for Cough-Assist Devices?

Respir Care 2018 Dec;63(12):1583-1584

Physical Therapy Department Helvio Auto Hospital University of Health Sciences Maceió, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06527DOI Listing
December 2018

The Importance of Synchronization During Neonatal Noninvasive Ventilation.

Authors:
Robert M DiBlasi

Respir Care 2018 Dec;63(12):1579-1582

Department of Respiratory Care Seattle Children's Hospital and Research Institute Seattle, Washington

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06741DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Mechanical Insufflation-Exsufflation to Improve Secretion Clearance During Invasive Ventilation.

Respir Care 2018 Dec;63(12):1577-1578

Service d'Explorations Fonctionnelles, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, Garches, France INSERM Université de Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines, France

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06700DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Optoacoustic Evaluation of Endotracheal Tube Depth in Pediatrics.

Respir Care 2018 Dec;63(12):1575-1576

Duke University Medical Center Durham, North Carolina.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06687DOI Listing
December 2018

Supportive Care of Patients on Mechanical Ventilation.

Respir Care 2018 Dec;63(12):1567-1574

Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The paradigm of supportive care of patients who are critically ill has changed significantly over the past 20 years. Patients on mechanical ventilation are no longer heavily sedated; the goal is a comfortable patient who can interact with health-care professionals and with their family members. Systematic, regular assessment of the patient for pain, anxiety, and sleep deprivation allows early recognition of these distressing symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06651DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

The Impact of High-Flow Nasal Oxygen in the Immunocompromised Critically Ill: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Respir Care 2018 Dec;63(12):1555-1566

Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, Sinai Health System/University Health Network, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: High-flow nasal-cannula (HFNC) may be an oxygen modality useful for preventing invasive mechanical ventilation and mortality; however, its role in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure is not clearly defined. We sought to evaluate the impact of HFNC on mortality across immunocompromised subjects compared to alternative noninvasive oxygen therapies, namely conventional oxygen therapy and noninvasive ventilation (NIV).

Methods: We systematically searched the major databases to identify randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) or observational studies (until May 2018). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.05962DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Experiences of Individuals Awaiting Lung Transplantation.

Respir Care 2018 Dec;63(12):1535-1540

Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden.

Lung transplantation is an established intervention for patients with advanced and life-threatening respiratory disease. Unfortunately, the shortage of organ donors results in a need for organs that greatly exceeds availability. This narrative review aimed to investigate the experiences of patients with respiratory diseases who wait for lung transplantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06401DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

A New Formula for Predicting the Fraction of Delivered Oxygen During Low-Flow Oxygen Therapy.

Respir Care 2018 Dec;63(12):1528-1534

Institut de Recherche Experimentale et Clinique (IREC), Pole de Pneumologie, ORL & Dermatologie, Service de Pneumologie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: During O therapy at low flow in patients who breathe spontaneously, the fraction of delivered O (F ) is unknown. In recent years, F prediction formulas have been proposed. However, they do not take into account the effect of inspiratory flow (V̇) on the F . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06243DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Desaturations During 6-Minute Walk Test and Predicting Nocturnal Desaturations in Adult Subjects With Cystic Fibrosis.

Respir Care 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Servicio de Neumología. Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IISP), Hospital Universitario La Princesa, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Nocturnal desaturation in cystic fibrosis (CF) may have prognostic implications because a significant and maintained nocturnal desaturation can contribute to the development and progression of pulmonary hypertension with cor pulmonale. Its relation with the desaturation in exercise has not been sufficiently studied. We aimed to determine whether desaturation during 6MWT can be an indicator of nocturnal desaturation in adult subjects with CF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06171DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

The Risk of Latent Tuberculosis Infection in Respiratory Therapists in a Country with Intermediate Incidence.

Respir Care 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Chiayi Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang-Gung Medical Foundation, Taiwan.

Background: Respiratory therapists (RTs) are exposed to aerosols more frequently than other health care workers (HCWs) and might bear a higher risk for tuberculosis (TB) infection. The QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFTG) test was used to evaluate the risk for TB infection in Taiwan, a country with intermediate TB incidence.

Methods: A cross-sectional screening of HCWs, including RTs and other HCWs, with the QFTG test was conducted in Taiwan between October 2008 and December 2011. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06316
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06316DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads
1.840 Impact Factor

A High Degree of Dyspnea Is Associated With a Poor Maximum Exercise Capacity in Subjects With COPD With the Same Severity of Air-Flow Obstruction.

Respir Care 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Respiratory Disease and Lung Function Unit, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Background: In patients with COPD, limited data have been reported concerning the association between dyspnea perception and exercise tests. Moreover, the perception of dyspnea has not been analyzed in patients with the same severity of air-flow obstruction. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between the degree of dyspnea and exercise capacity in subjects with COPD who had the same severity of air-flow obstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06336DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Comparison of Two Cough-Augmentation Techniques Delivered by Home Ventilator in Subjects With Neuromuscular Disease.

Respir Care 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Service de Physiologie-Explorations Fonctionnelles, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, AP-HP, Garches, France.

Background: Breath-stacking, which consists of taking 2 or more consecutive ventilator insufflations without exhaling, is a noninvasive and inexpensive cough-assistance technique for patients with neuromuscular disease. Volumetric cough mode (VCM) is a recently introduced ventilator mode consisting of a programmable intermittent deep breath equal to a set percentage of the baseline tidal volume. Here, our objective was to compare VCM to breath-stacking during volume-control continuous mandatory ventilation in subjects on long-term noninvasive mechanical ventilation at home. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06259
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06259DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Ventilation Efficiency and Respiratory Muscle Function at Different Levels of CPAP in Intubated Prematurely Born Infants.

Respir Care 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: CPAP improves respiratory function in prematurely born infants by establishing and maintaining functional residual capacity, but the level of CPAP that optimizes respiratory function has not been adequately described. We compared ventilation efficiency and respiratory muscle function at different levels of CPAP.

Methods: We studied spontaneously breathing, intubated convalescent premature infants at King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and calculated the ventilation efficiency index and the respiratory muscle time constant of relaxation (τ) at the end of 3 consecutive 5-min periods at 4, 6, and 8 cm HO of CPAP delivered in random order. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06354DOI Listing
November 2018

Impact of Electronic Cigarettes on Various Organ Systems.

Respir Care 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

The electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) has been regarded by many as a healthier alternative to the combustible cigarette, yet there is a lack of consensus concerning the health consequences and the health benefits associated with e-cigarette use. We review the research on the effects of e-cigarettes on multiple physiological systems, examine the association between e-cigarette use and combustible cigarette uptake and cessation, and highlight research necessary to build consensus. Although the levels of known toxicants and carcinogens tend to be significantly lower in e-cigarettes than in combustible cigarette smoke, toxicants in e-cigarette e-liquid and those that form as part of the vaporization process may produce adverse health consequences in their own right. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06300
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06300DOI Listing
November 2018
20 Reads
1.840 Impact Factor

Factors Influencing Activities of Daily Living in Subjects with COPD.

Respir Care 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: Activities of daily living (ADL) are important for an independent life. As COPD progresses, the ability to complete ADL is usually reduced. Knowing the possible factors that influence the ability to perform ADL may allow better targeting of appropriate rehabilitation programs to increase the independence levels and/or to prevent further decreases in patients with COPD. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.05938
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.05938DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Effect of Noninvasive Ventilation After Unplanned Extubation.

Respir Care 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Réanimation polyvalente et surveillance continue, Hôpital Antoine Béclère, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpitaux universitaires Paris Sud, Clamart, France.

Background: Our study set out to test the effect of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) performed after unplanned extubation.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data in a university-affiliated mixed ICU of 12 beds during a 5-y period (January 2013 to December 2017). Unplanned extubation was defined as the occurrence of an unplanned removal of the endotracheal tube, whether deliberate or accidental. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06328
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06328DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Post-Hospitalization Short-Term Oxygen Therapy: Use of a Clinical Management Pathway and Long-Term Follow-Up.

Respir Care 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia, and Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Home oxygen therapy is commonly prescribed for patients who remain hypoxemic at hospital discharge, although evidence supporting this practice is lacking. This study aimed to evaluate oxygen prescription and follow-up for patients who were prescribed post-discharge short-term oxygen therapy (STOT) and to assess their long-term outcome.

Methods: A retrospective audit was undertaken of subjects prescribed STOT following hospitalization at a single site in Melbourne, Australia, between January 2011 and December 2015. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06303
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06303DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Editor's Commentary.

Authors:

Respir Care 2018 Nov;63(11)

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November 2018

Laryngoscopy Can Be a Valuable Tool for Unexpected Therapeutic Response in Noninvasive Respiratory Interventions.

Respir Care 2018 Nov;63(11):1459-1461

Department of Pediatrics Haukeland University Hospital The Faculty of Health and Social Sciences Western Norway University of Applied Sciences Bergen, Norway.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06674DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads
1.840 Impact Factor

Considerations About the Effect of Cough Assist on Laryngeal Function in Neurologic Disease.

Respir Care 2018 Nov;63(11):1459

UOC di Fisiopatologia e Riabilitazione AO Ospedali dei Colli Napoli Naples, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06547DOI Listing
November 2018

On the Road to Surface Monitoring of Diaphragmatic Activity in Mechanically Ventilated Patients.

Respir Care 2018 Nov;63(11):1457-1458

CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias Instituto de Salud Carlos III Madrid, Spain Research Unit Hospital Universitario Dr. Negrín Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06685DOI Listing
November 2018

Why Not Prevent ARDS? The Possible Role of Plasma Biomarkers in Surgery.

Respir Care 2018 Nov;63(11):1455-1456

Harvard Medical School Massachusetts General Hospital Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06637DOI Listing
November 2018

The Road to Improving Home Oxygen Access: Research, Education, and Advocacy.

Respir Care 2018 Nov;63(11):1452-1454

Stanford University School of Medicine Stanford, California.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06666DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Airway Remodeling in Asthma: Evaluation in 5 Consecutive Bronchial Generations by Using High-Resolution Computed Tomography.

Respir Care 2018 Nov;63(11):1399-1406

Department of Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shanxi, China.

Background: Airway remodeling is a characteristic structural change that occurs extensively in the airways of patients with asthma. The change can be evaluated by measuring airway dimensions by using high-resolution computed tomography. This study aimed to explore the variation trends of airway dimensions from the second- to sixth-generation bronchi in subjects with asthma. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06050DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Measurement of Diaphragmatic Electrical Activity by Surface Electromyography in Intubated Subjects and Its Relationship With Inspiratory Effort.

Respir Care 2018 Nov;63(11):1341-1349

Istituto di Anestesia e Rianimazione, Università degli Studi di Milano, Ospedale Maggiore, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Milan, Italy.

Background: Quantification of patient effort during spontaneous breathing is important to tailor ventilatory assistance. Because a correlation between inspiratory muscle pressure (P) and electrical activity of the diaphragm (EA) has been described, we aimed to assess the reliability of surface electromyography (EMG) of the respiratory muscles for monitoring diaphragm electrical activity and subject effort during assisted ventilation.

Methods: At a general ICU of a single university-affiliated hospital, we enrolled subjects who were intubated and on pressure support ventilation (PSV) and were on mechanical ventilation for > 48 h. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06176
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06176DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

The Association of Non-Cardiac ECMO With Influenza Incidence: A Time Series Analysis.

Respir Care 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, University of Arizona Health Sciences, Tucson, Arizona.

Background: The 2009 H1N1 influenza epidemic saw a rise in the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a supportive therapy for refractory ARDS. We sought to determine whether ECMO utilization follows a seasonal pattern that matches the influenza season, and whether it can further be explained by the incidence of each influenza subtype.

Methods: We performed a longitudinal analysis of non-cardiac and cardiac-associated ECMO cases from the National In-patient Sample from 2005 to 2014, using overdispersed Poisson regression to evaluate associations with influenza incidence categorized by influenza-like illness and total positive influenza tests divided by subtype from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06145
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06145DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Exertional Desaturation and Prescription of Ambulatory Oxygen Therapy in Interstitial Lung Disease.

Respir Care 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia and Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Exertional desaturation is an important predictor of mortality in patients with interstitial lung disease. We evaluated the prevalence of exertional desaturation in subjects with interstitial lung disease and determined its relationship with the prescription of ambulatory oxygen therapy.

Methods: Our retrospective analysis examined prospectively collected data from interstitial lung disease registries of 2 Melbourne hospitals: Alfred Health and Austin Health. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06334
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06334DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Exercise-Induced Oxygen Desaturation as a Predictive Factor for Longitudinal Decline in 6-Minute Walk Distance in Subjects With COPD.

Respir Care 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe, Japan.

Background: There are limited longitudinal studies reporting predictive factors for decline in 6-min walk distance (6MWD) in patients with COPD. While previous studies have confirmed the association between air-flow limitation and decline in 6MWD, other factors have not been clarified. The objective of this study was to investigate whether exercise-induced oxygen desaturation (EID) could be a predictive factor for decline in 6MWD in patients with COPD. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06169
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06169DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Evaluation of the Clinical Learning Environment in Respiratory Therapy Education: Student Perceptions.

Respir Care 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Respiratory Care, Texas State University, Round Rock, Texas.

Background: Clinical facilities are essential components not only of health care delivery systems, but also of health care education programs. The clinical learning environment (CLE) is important in training the future health care workforce. Because respiratory therapy (RT) is a practice-based profession, it is essential to integrate clinical education into RT education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.05055DOI Listing
October 2018

Waterpipe Smoking in Health-Care Students: Prevalence, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Motives.

Respir Care 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Respiratory Therapy, Lewis College of Nursing and Health Professions, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: Waterpipe (hookah) smoking is a form of tobacco smoking that is noticeably increasing worldwide, particularly among young adults. A growing body of literature indicates that college students may not be as knowledgeable as they should be in making decisions about waterpipe smoking.

Purpose: This study evaluated the prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes regarding waterpipe smoking use among college-based health-care students. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06263
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06263DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Which Body Position Is the Best for Chest Wall Motion in Healthy Adults? A Meta-Analysis.

Respir Care 2018 Nov 16;63(11):1439-1451. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Chest wall motion is a vital component of the respiratory system. Body position changes disturb joint orientation around the chest wall and results in performance modifications of respiratory muscles and movement surrounding the rib cage and the abdomen. Body position is a priority treatment for preserving and promoting chest wall motion. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06344
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06344DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Comparison of Work of Breathing Between Noninvasive Ventilation and Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist in a Healthy and a Lung-Injured Piglet Model.

Respir Care 2018 Dec 25;63(12):1478-1484. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas.

Background: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is commonly used in neonates. A mode of NIV called neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) offers patient-ventilator interactions by using electrical activity of the diaphragm to control mechanical breaths. We hypothesized that the work of breathing (WOB) would decrease with NIV-NAVA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06192DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Efficient Use of Simple Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction Challenge Testing in Pediatric Exercise-Induced Dyspnea.

Respir Care 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pulmonology, Akron Children's Hospital, Akron, Ohio.

Background: A simple exercise test to evaluate for exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is routinely ordered in pediatric patients with exercise-induced dyspnea. However, the utility of this test in establishing the cause of exercise-induced dyspnea is not thoroughly examined in the pediatric population. We sought to assess the efficiency of a simple EIB challenge test in finding the cause of exercise-induced dyspnea in pediatric patients referred to our tertiary center in the last 5 y. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06283DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Functional Tests of Leg Muscle Strength and Power in Adults With Cystic Fibrosis.

Respir Care 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Muscle weakness is an important systemic consequence in adults with cystic fibrosis, but it can be challenging to evaluate clinically. This study examined the validity of lower-extremity functional tests to assess quadriceps muscle strength and muscle power.

Methods: The subjects underwent 4 functional tests: 30-s sit-to-stand test, stair-climb power test, vertical jump height, and triple hop distance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06224DOI Listing
September 2018
18 Reads

Teaching Manually Assisted Cough to Caregivers of Children With Neuromuscular Disease.

Respir Care 2018 Dec 25;63(12):1520-1527. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Physiotherapy, Sydney Children's Hospital Network, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia; School of Women's and Children's Health, University of New South Wales, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Cough augmentation techniques are taught by health-care providers to improve secretion clearance and to help prevent respiratory infections in children with neuromuscular disease. There is some evidence of the effectiveness of a manually assisted cough when applied by health-care providers. However, it is unknown whether parents and caregivers may also be effective in applying manually assisted cough. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06213DOI Listing
December 2018

Health-Related Quality of Life in Adolescents and Adults With Cystic Fibrosis: Physical and Mental Health Predictors.

Respir Care 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

School of Nursing and Midwifery in University College Cork, Cork, Republic of Ireland.

Background: People with cystic fibrosis face substantial physical, psychological, and social challenges as they move into adolescence and adulthood, which are likely to impact on their health-related quality of life. This study sought to examine the relative importance of physical and mental health variables associated with health-related quality of life in this group.

Methods: Adults and adolescents ( = 174; ≥14 y old) from across 11 adult or pediatric cystic fibrosis clinics in the Republic of Ireland, completed a background questionnaire that contained self-reported physical health variables, pulmonary function (ie, FEV%) and body mass index. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06356
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06356DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Reduced Physical Activity With Bronchiectasis.

Respir Care 2018 Dec 25;63(12):1498-1505. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Postgraduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Bronchiectasis leads to reduced functional capacity, which might have implications for physical activity. The impact of dyspnea and long-term oxygen therapy on physical activity has never been investigated in subjects with bronchiectasis. Based on these findings, specific strategies could be applied to allow individuals to be more active in their daily life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.05771DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Accuracy of Transcutaneous Carbon Dioxide Levels in Comparison to Arterial Carbon Dioxide Levels in Critically Ill Children.

Respir Care 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Background: Widespread use of transcutaneous ( ) monitoring is currently limited by concerns many practitioners have regarding accuracy. We compared the accuracy of with that of measurements in critically ill children, and we investigated whether clinical conditions associated with low cardiac output or increased subcutaneous tissue affect this accuracy.

Methods: We performed a single-center prospective study of critically ill children placed on transcutaneous monitoring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06209DOI Listing
September 2018
1.840 Impact Factor

Imperative Instruction for Pressurized Metered-Dose Inhalers: Provider Perspectives.

Respir Care 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Rady Children's Hospital and Health Centers, Division of Hospital Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, California.

Background: Reports show that many patients do not use their pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) effectively. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute recommends that health-care providers educate and assess patients' pMDI technique at each opportunity. However, limited data exist regarding how often pediatric primary care providers perform assessments and which methods they use. Read More

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http://rc.rcjournal.com/lookup/doi/10.4187/respcare.06302
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06302DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Humidification Performance of Passive and Active Humidification Devices Within a Spontaneously Breathing Tracheostomized Cohort.

Respir Care 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima, Japan.

Background: Most heat-and-moisture exchangers (HMEs) for patients with tracheostomy and spontaneously breathing are small and have suction ports that allow some expiratory gas to escape, which loses vapor held in the expired gas. Recently, a heated-and-humidified high-flow system for spontaneously breathing patients with tracheostomy was developed. Little is known, however, about the humidifying performance of HMEs or heated-and-humidified high-flow systems for spontaneous breathing patients with a tracheostomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06294DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Editor's Commentary.

Authors:

Respir Care 2018 Oct;63(10)

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October 2018
1 Read

Mechanical Insufflation-Exsufflation: Room for Improvement.

Respir Care 2018 Oct;63(10):1318-1319

Service de médecine intensive-réanimation Hôpital de la Croix Rousse Lyon, France Université de Lyon Lyon, France Institut Mondor de Recherches Biomédicales Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Créteil, France

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06542DOI Listing
October 2018

Breaking Down Barriers to Professional Growth.

Respir Care 2018 Oct;63(10):1316-1317

American Association for Respiratory Care Irving, Texas

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4187/respcare.06593DOI Listing
October 2018