577,311 results match your criteria Respiratory Papillomatosis Recurrent


Household transmission of seasonal influenza from HIV-infected and -uninfected individuals in South Africa, 2013-2014.

J Infect Dis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre for Respiratory Diseases and Meningitis, National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Differential transmission from HIV-infected compared to HIV-uninfected individuals may impact influenza burden. We estimated the household secondary infection risk (SIR) and serial interval (SI) for influenza transmission from HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected index cases and identified associated factors.

Methods: Index cases were the first symptomatic person in a household with influenza-like illness, testing influenza positive on real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). Read More

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December 2018

A population-based cohort study to evaluate the effectiveness of lung cancer screening using low-dose CT in Hitachi city, Japan.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Epidemiology and Prevention, Center for Clinical Sciences, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography for the general population, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of screening for participants among Hitachi residents.

Materials And Methods: Citizens aged 50-74 who underwent low-dose computed tomography screening at least once during 1998-2006 were defined as the computed tomography group, and those who underwent X-ray screening at least once during the same period, but did not receive low-dose computed tomography screening throughout the follow-up period, were defined as the XP group. We investigated the lung cancer incidence rate, mortality rate and all-cause mortality rate for both groups from the first lung cancer screening to the end of 2012. Read More

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December 2018

A coronary artery disease-associated tRNAThr mutation altered mitochondrial function, apoptosis and angiogenesis.

Nucleic Acids Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Medical Genetics and Genomics, The Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China.

The tissue specificity of mitochondrial tRNA mutations remains largely elusive. In this study, we demonstrated the deleterious effects of tRNAThr 15927G>A mutation that contributed to pathogenesis of coronary artery disease. The m. Read More

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December 2018

The Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor TAS-115 Attenuates Bleomycin-Induced Lung Fibrosis in Mice.

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of Tokushima Graduate School, Respiratory Medicine and Rheumatology, Tokushima, Japan ;

The signaling pathways of growth factors including platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) can be considered specific targets for overcoming the poor prognosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Nintedanib, the recently approved multiple kinase inhibitor, has shown promising anti-fibrotic effects in IPF patients; however, its efficacy is still limited, and in some cases, treatment discontinuation is necessary due to toxicities such as gastrointestinal disorders. Therefore, more effective agents with less toxicity are still needed. Read More

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December 2018

Can patients be trained to expect shared decision making in clinical consultations? Feasibility study of a public library program to raise patient awareness.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208449. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Shared Decision Making and Knowledge Translation, Université Laval, Quebec City (QC, Canada).

Introduction: Shared decision making (SDM) is a process whereby decisions are made together by patients and/or families and clinicians. Nevertheless, few patients are aware of its proven benefits. This study investigated the feasibility, acceptability and impact of an intervention to raise public awareness of SDM in public libraries. Read More

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December 2018

Corticosteroid use and increased CXCR2 levels on leukocytes are associated with lumacaftor/ivacaftor discontinuation in cystic fibrosis patients homozygous for the F508del CFTR mutation.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0209026. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO, United States of America.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common life-shortening genetic disease and is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Several current therapies aim at improving availability and/or function of the mutant CFTR proteins. The combination therapeutic lumacaftor/ivacaftor (Orkambi, luma/iva) partially corrects folding and potentiates CFTR function impaired by the F508del mutation. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of surfactant administration through a thin catheter in the delivery room: A quality control chart analysis coupled with a propensity score matched cohort study in preterm infants.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208252. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Rennes 1,Rennes, France.

Introduction: Most infants born before 30 weeks gestational age (GA) develop respiratory distress syndrome soon after birth. Methods of surfactant administration that avoid ventilation have been recently introduced. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of implementing a new procedure of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) and determine whether it is associated with an improvement in respiratory outcome. Read More

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December 2018

Point-of-care lung ultrasound for the detection of pulmonary manifestations of malaria and sepsis: An observational study.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0204832. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Introduction: Patients with severe malaria or sepsis are at risk of developing life-threatening acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The objective of this study was to evaluate point-of-care lung ultrasound as a novel tool to determine the prevalence and early signs of ARDS in a resource-limited setting among patients with severe malaria or sepsis.

Materials And Methods: Serial point-of-care lung ultrasound studies were performed on four consecutive days in a planned sub study of an observational cohort of patients with malaria or sepsis in Bangladesh. Read More

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December 2018

Persistence on apixaban in atrial fibrillation patients: a retrospective multicentre study.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

MA Provider, Milan, Italy.

Aims: Real-world data on treatment persistence, safety and effectiveness of non-Vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) play an important role in the assessment of risks and benefits of these drugs. Our aim was to evaluate persistence on treatment, incidence of major bleeding and incidence of a composite endpoint of major events, including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke and systemic thromboembolism, during treatment with apixaban in a cohort of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).

Methods: In this multicentre retrospective observational study, we retrieved data from medical records of five Italian hospitals on patients with a diagnosis of NVAF who initiated apixaban between 1 January 2014 and 31 March 2016 and had a first subsequent visit at the same hospital. Read More

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December 2018

Mechanisms of disease: The endocrinology of obstructive sleep apnoea.

Eur J Endocrinol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

A Tahrani, University of Birmingham, Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research, Birmingham, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common disorder that is associated with serious co-morbidities with a negative impact on quality of life, life expectancy and health costs. As OSA is related to obesity and is associated with sleep disruption, increased inflammation and oxidative stress, it is not surprising that OSA has an impact on the secretion of multiple hormones and is implicated in the development of many endocrine conditions. On the other hand, many endocrine conditions that can affect obesity and/or upper airways anatomy and stability have been implicated in the development or worsening of OSA. Read More

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December 2018

An inducible knockout of Dicer in adult mice does not affect endurance exercise-induced muscle adaptation.

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Waseda University, Japan.

The contractile and metabolic properties of adult skeletal muscle change in response to endurance exercise. The mechanisms of transcriptional regulation in exercise-induced skeletal muscle adaptation, including fiber-type switching and mitochondrial biogenesis, have been investigated intensively, whereas the role of microRNA (miRNA)-mediated posttranscriptional gene regulation is less well understood. We used tamoxifen-inducible Dicer1 knockout (iDicer KO) mice to reduce the global expression of miRNAs in adult skeletal muscle and subjected these mice to 2 weeks of voluntary wheel running. Read More

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December 2018

Association of Noninfectious Pneumonia With Ustekinumab Use.

JAMA Dermatol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Office of Surveillance and Epidemiology, Division of Pharmacovigilance, FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Silver Spring, Maryland.

Importance: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducts ongoing public health safety surveillance for drug and therapeutic biologic products. Identifying cases of acute and subacute noninfectious pneumonia supports the public health mission of the FDA.

Objective: To identify and analyze postmarketing cases of noninfectious pneumonia associated with ustekinumab use. Read More

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December 2018

Water quality, availability, and acute gastroenteritis on the Navajo Nation - a pilot case-control study.

J Water Health 2018 Dec;16(6):1018-1028

Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, Georgia 30029, USA E-mail:

The Navajo Nation includes approximately 250,000 American Indians living in a remote high desert environment with limited access to public water systems. We conducted a pilot case-control study to assess associations between acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and water availability, use patterns, and quality. Case patients with AGE and non-AGE controls who presented for care to two Indian Health Service hospitals were recruited. Read More

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December 2018

Adhesion and biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates under conditions relevant to the host: relationship with macrolide resistance and clonal lineages.

J Med Microbiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

4​Department of Medicine, Campus Biomedico University, Via Alvaro del Portillo 200, 00128 Rome, Italy.

Purpose: Staphylococcus aureus isolates, collected from various clinical samples, were analysed to evaluate the contribution of the genetic background of both erythromycin-resistant (ERSA) and -susceptible (ESSA) S. aureus strains to biofilm formation.

Methods: A total of 66 ESSA and 43 ERSA clinical isolates were studied for adhesiveness and biofilm formation under different atmospheres. Read More

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December 2018

Activin A in Mammalian Physiology.

Physiol Rev 2019 Jan;99(1):739-780

Department of Morphology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , Brazil ; Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Università Politecnica delle Marche , Ancona , Italy ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , Brazil ; Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecological Clinic, University of Siena , Siena , Italy ; and Department of Biomedical, Experimental and Clinical Sciences, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florence, Careggi University Hospital , Florence , Italy.

Activins are dimeric glycoproteins belonging to the transforming growth factor beta superfamily and resulting from the assembly of two beta subunits, which may also be combined with alpha subunits to form inhibins. Activins were discovered in 1986 following the isolation of inhibins from porcine follicular fluid, and were characterized as ovarian hormones that stimulate follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) release by the pituitary gland. In particular, activin A was shown to be the isoform of greater physiological importance in humans. Read More

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January 2019

[Indoor air pollution and acute respiratory infection prevalence in infants in Ouagadougou.]

Sante Publique 2018 July August;30(4):575-586

In Burkina Faso, women and their young children are the most exposed to the effects of indoor air pollution. This study investigated the risk factors associated with air pollution during meal cooking in the occurrence of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) in children under 5 years of age. This is a cross-sectional study that took place in two sectors of the city of Ouagadougou (sectors 15 and 17) in Burkina Faso. Read More

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December 2018

Respiratory syncytial virus in infants: what's to know.

Minerva Pediatr 2018 Dec;70(6):552

Department of Pediatric Medicine, Bambino Gesù Pediatric Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

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December 2018
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Use of vitamin D and infection in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2792-2799

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Paulista Nursing School. São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementation as protection factor against infection of patients with chronic kidney disease on conservative treatment.

Method: Retrospective cohort study carried out between 2013 and 2016 in the Conservative Treatment Outpatient Clinics (Ambulatório de Tratamento Conservador) of the Hypertension and Kidney Hospital (Hospital do Rim e Hipertensão) of the Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Data on sociodemographic factors, comorbidity, infection episodes and use or nonuse of vitamin D supplementation for at least 6 months were collected from medical records. Read More

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January 2018

Kinetics of acid-base parameters in conventional hemodialysis.

Braz J Med Biol Res 2018 Dec 10;52(1):e7974. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Section of Nephrology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Details about the acid-base changes in hemodialysis are scarce in the literature but are potentially relevant to adequate management of patients. We addressed the acid-base kinetics during hemodialysis and throughout the interdialytic period in a cross-sectional study of adults undergoing conventional hemodialysis. Samples for blood gas analysis were obtained from the arterial limb of the arteriovenous fistula before the first session of the week (HD1), immediately at the end of HD1, and on sequential collections at 15, 30, 45, 60, and 120 min post-HD1. Read More

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December 2018

Patient-ventilator asynchronies: types, outcomes and nursing detection skills.

Acta Biomed 2018 Dec 7;89(7-S):6-18. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Fondazione Poliambulanza Hospital, Brescia (Italy).

Background: Mechanical ventilation is often employed as partial ventilatory support where both the patient and the ventilator work together. The ventilator settings should be adjusted to maintain a harmonious patient-ventilator interaction. However, this balance is often altered by many factors able to generate a patient ventilator asynchrony (PVA). Read More

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December 2018

A Case of Male Primary Pulmonary Choriocarcinoma.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Dec;131(24):3001-3003

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China.

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December 2018

Fatal interstitial lung disease associated with AZD9291.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1227-S1229

Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215000, China.

AZD9291 is one of epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Interstitial lung disease (ILD) induced by AZD9291 is very seldom. We provide a case of NSCLC treated with AZD9291 who developed ILD and died in order to improve the knowledge on AZD9291. Read More

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December 2018

Multiple intercostal neurilemmomas in a Chinese woman.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1220-S1222

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.

Neurilemmomas are rare tumors of neural crest cell origin that occur most commonly in the head and neck region. Intercostal neurilemmomas are extremely rare and are mostly seen as solitary tumors in the posterior mediastinum. Only one case report of multiple intercostal neurilemmomas has been documented previously. Read More

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December 2018
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Overexpression of forkhead box M1 is associated poor survival in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1121-S1123

Department of Respiratory, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021, Shandong, P.R. China.

Aims: The association between forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) and survival of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been extensively investigated. However, the results were conflicted and inconclusive. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to precisely estimate the association between FOXM1 and survival of NSCLC. Read More

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December 2018

Irinotecan plus cisplatin compared with etoposide plus cisplatin in patients with previously untreated extensive-stage small cell lung cancer: A meta-analysis.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1076-S1083

Department of Respiratory Diseases, Huaibei Miners General Hospital, Huaibei, Anhui, China.

Objective: To systematically review the effect and safety of irinotecan plus cisplatin (IP) compared with etoposide plus cisplatin (EP) in patients with previously untreated extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (E-SCLC).

Materials And Methods: Databases including PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP, and WanFang Data were searched for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about IP compared with EP in patients with previously untreated E-SCLC from the establishment to June 2016. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the methodological quality of included studies. Read More

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December 2018

Role of dalteparin sodium on the growth of cancer cells and tumor-associated angiogenesis in A549 human lung cancer cell line and grafted mouse model.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S985-S992

Department of Respiration, The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, China.

Purpose: To investigate the effects of dalteparin sodium on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptor (VEGFR), and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in A549 human lung cancer (LC) cell line and a human A549-grafted nude mouse model.

Materials And Methods: A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cell line was divided into control group, treated using normal saline (NS); and dalteparin sodium groups, receiving 5, 15, 50, and 150 IU/ml of dalteparin sodium, respectively. Human A549-grafted nude mouse was induced through subcutaneous (SC) injection of A549 (5 × 10/0. Read More

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December 2018

Gambogic acid-induced autophagy in nonsmall cell lung cancer NCI-H441 cells through a reactive oxygen species pathway.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S942-S947

Department of Respiratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

Aim Of The Study: Garcinia hanburyi is a traditional herbal medicine with activities of anti-inflammation and hemostasis used by people in South Asia. Gambogic acid (GA) is the main active component extracted from it, which has anticancer and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of the current study is to investigate the molecular mechanisms of GA's effective anticancer activity. Read More

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December 2018

Genetic variants in RORA are associated with asthma and allergy markers in an admixed population.

Cytokine 2019 Jan 7;113:177-184. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil. Electronic address:

Asthma and allergy affect hundreds of millions of people from childhood to old age. In most of them, the inflammatory process of respiratory allergies involves the participation of type 2 cytokines, derived from T helper-2 (Th2)-cell, and Group 2 Innate Lymphoid (ILC2) Cells. An efficient memory Th2 cell response is dependent on IL-13 produced by ILC2s, causing allergic lung inflammation and elevated serum levels of immunoglobulin E. Read More

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January 2019
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Indacaterol/Glycopyrronium versus Salmeterol/Fluticasone in Patients with COPD-A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in the Czech Republic.

Value Health Reg Issues 2018 Sep 27;16:112-118. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Novartis s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents an illness with significant healthcare and societal impacts. Fixed combinations of long-acting beta-agonists (LABA) and inhaled corticosteroids have been used for COPD treatment as the standard of care for many years. A daily dose of indacaterol and glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) at 110/50 µg has recently been gaining attention due to its improved efficacy and tolerability versus the standard of care. Read More

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September 2018

Isolated tension pneumoperitoneum following endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration complicated by cardiac peri-arrest: A case report.

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2018 Dec 12;88(3):999. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Department of Thoracic Surgery.

Transbronchial needle aspiration under endobronchial ultrasound guidance (EBUS-TBNA) is recommended for the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. Major complications following EBUS-TBNA are uncommon. We report a case of isolated tension pneumoperitoneum following EBUS-TBNA under deep sedation in an 80-year-old male patient affected by a right hilar mass suspicious for lung cancer. Read More

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December 2018

Determination of CRP Autoantibodies by SPR Immunoassay.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:205-219

MOE Key Laboratory of Environment and Genes Related to Diseases, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shanxi, People's Republic of China.

Biosensors based on the principle of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) are surface-sensitive optical devices used for monitoring biomolecular interactions at the sensor surface in real time without any labeling. It is used in a wide variety of areas including proteomics, clinical diagnosis, environmental monitoring, drug discovery, and food analysis. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker of inflammation, which undergoes conformation changes in local lesions, leading to the formation of mCRP. Read More

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January 2019

Identification of Long Noncoding RNA MIR22HG as a Novel Biomarker in Thyroid Cancer.

Pathol Oncol Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, The First People's Hospital of Jiangxia District Wuhan City, No. 1, Zhifang Culture Avenue, Jiangxia District, Wuhan, Hubei, 430200, People's Republic of China.

Thyroid cancer (TC) is the one of the most common endocrine malignancy. However, currently there are no specific and sensitive biomarkers for predicting the prognosis for TC. In this study, we for the first time showed MIR22HG was down-regulated in thyroid cancer by analyzing public datasets, including TCGA, GSE29265, GSE33630, and GSE55091. Read More

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December 2018

Mediators of Change in Capnometry Guided Respiratory Intervention for Panic Disorder.

Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Living, 200 Retreat Avenue, Hartford, CT, 06106, USA.

Capnometry guided respiratory interventions have shown promising results in the treatment of panic disorder, but mechanisms of change are not yet well-understood. The current study examined changes in end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO), anxiety sensitivity, and perceived control as mediators of panic symptom change. Sixty-nine adults with panic disorder received 4 weeks of respiratory training, and panic symptom severity and potential mediators were assessed at Pre-treatment, Mid-treatment, Post-treatment, 2-month follow-up, and 12-month follow-up. Read More

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December 2018

Liquid-Biopsy-Based Identification of EGFR T790M Mutation-Mediated Resistance to Afatinib Treatment in Patients with Advanced EGFR Mutation-Positive NSCLC, and Subsequent Response to Osimertinib.

Target Oncol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute of Cancer Research, Department of Medicine I, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Medical University of Vienna, Borschkegasse 8a, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Acquired epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation is the primary resistance mechanism to first-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) used in advanced, EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Available data, predominantly in Asian patients, suggest that this mutation is also the major cause of resistance to the irreversible ErbB family blocker, afatinib. For EGFR T790M-positive patients who progress on EGFR TKI therapy, osimertinib is an effective treatment option. Read More

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December 2018

Inflammatory arthritis: a unique presentation of human anaplasmosis.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Rheumatology Department at Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell Health, Hempstead, NY, USA.

Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is a tickborne rickettsial disease caused by the bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Reported cases have increased with the highest incidence in the Northeast. To our knowledge, this is the first report of anaplasmosis associated with an inflammatory arthritis. Read More

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December 2018

Red Flags for early referral of people with symptoms suggestive of narcolepsy: a report from a national multidisciplinary panel.

Neurol Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Objective: Narcolepsy is a lifelong disease, manifesting with excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy, arising between childhood and young adulthood. The diagnosis is typically made after a long delay that burdens the disease severity. The aim of the project, promoted by the "Associazione Italiana Narcolettici e Ipersonni" is to develop Red Flags to detect symptoms for early referral, targeting non-sleep medicine specialists, general practitioners, and pediatricians. Read More

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December 2018

[Georg von Hofmann-Wellenhof-130 years ago the first victim at the beginning of the investigation of infectious diseases in Austria].

Authors:
Heinz Flamm

Wien Med Wochenschr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Klinisches Institut, Universität Wien, Martinstraße 7, 3400, Klosterneuburg, Österreich.

After his medical studies in Vienna and Graz, Georg von Hofmann-Wellenhof, born in 1860 in Vienna, became an assistant at the Pathology Institute at the University of Graz. In 1887, he described a bacterium in the pharynx which resembled diphtheria bacillus. As it was not pathogenic in animal experiments, he named it Bacillus pseudodiphthericus, now Corynebacterium pseudodiphthericum. Read More

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December 2018
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Influenza B in a temperate region of northern India 2010-2016: co-circulation of the two lineages with northern hemispherical seasonality.

Virusdisease 2018 Dec 26;29(4):553-559. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

2National Institute of Virology, Pune, Mahrashtra India.

Scant data exist about the epidemiology of influenza B in India. We set out to address the epidemiology of influenza B in a temperate region of northern India from 2010 to 2016. Outpatient and inpatient surveillance was conducted in patients presenting with acute respiratory infection in a northern Indian hospital from September 2010 till April 2016. Read More

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December 2018

Prophylactic and therapeutic approaches for human metapneumovirus.

Virusdisease 2018 Dec 20;29(4):434-444. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Amity Institute of Virology and Immunology, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Sector-125, Noida, U.P. 201301 India.

Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is an important pneumovirus which causes acute respiratory disease in human beings. The viral infection leads to mild to severe respiratory symptoms depending on the age and immune status of the infected individual. Several groups across the world are working on the development of immunogens and therapy to manage HMPV infection with promising results under laboratory conditions but till date any virus specific vaccine or therapy has not been approved for clinical use. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of the Post-Caesarean Analgesic Effect of Adding Dexmedetomidine to Paracetamol and Ketorolac: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Anesth Pain Med 2018 Oct 31;8(5):e85311. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Pain Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g. ketorolac) can be considered for mild to moderate post-caesarean pain. Read More

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October 2018

Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria in an Adult with Respiratory Syncytial Virus.

Case Rep Hematol 2018 13;2018:7586719. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH) is a rare form of cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia first discovered in the early 20th century in adults with tertiary syphilis. Today, it is more commonly seen in children as a life-threatening anemia during a viral upper respiratory tract infection (URI). Although respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has previously been reported to cause PCH in a child, herein we present the first documented case in an adult. Read More

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November 2018

Type I interferon receptor blockade with anifrolumab corrects innate and adaptive immune perturbations of SLE.

Lupus Sci Med 2018 22;5(1):e000286. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Research Bioinformatics, MedImmune LLC, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.

Objective: Anifrolumab is a fully human immunoglobulin G κ monoclonal antibody specific for subunit 1 of the type I interferon (IFN) α receptor. In a phase IIb study of adults with moderate to severe SLE, anifrolumab treatment demonstrated substantial reductions in multiple clinical endpoints. Here, we evaluated serum proteins and immune cells associated with SLE pathogenesis, type I interferon gene signature (IFNGS) test status and disease activity, and how anifrolumab affected these components. Read More

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November 2018

Comparison of the Whole Cell Proteome and Secretome of Epidemic Strains From the 2008-2012 Australian Epidemic Under Sulfate-Modulating Conditions.

Front Microbiol 2018 27;9:2851. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Sulfate is an important modulator for virulence factor expression in , the causative organism for whooping cough. During infection, sulfate is released when respiratory epithelial cells are damaged which can affect gene expression. The current predominant strains in Australia are found in single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) cluster I (). Read More

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November 2018

"Switch-Off" of Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia Can Occur in a Minority of Subjects During Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI).

Front Physiol 2018 27;9:1688. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

BioTechMed-Graz, Graz, Austria.

A group of 23 healthy scanner naïve participants of a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study with increased state anxiety exhibited 0.1 Hz oscillations in blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) signals, heart rate (HR) beat-to-beat intervals (RRI) and respiration. The goal of the present paper is to explore slow oscillations in respiration and RRI and their phase-coupling by applying the dynamic "wave-by-wave" analysis. Read More

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November 2018

Gene Therapy for Cystic Fibrosis Lung Disease: Overcoming the Barriers to Translation to the Clinic.

Front Pharmacol 2018 27;9:1381. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Robinson Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a progressive, chronic and debilitating genetic disease caused by mutations in the CF Transmembrane-Conductance Regulator () gene. Unrelenting airway disease begins in infancy and produces a steady deterioration in quality of life, ultimately leading to premature death. While life expectancy has improved, current treatments for CF are neither preventive nor curative. Read More

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November 2018

Preventive Effect of Curcumin Against Chemotherapy-Induced Side-Effects.

Front Pharmacol 2018 27;9:1374. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Key Laboratory of Molecular Target and Clinical Pharmacology, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Cancer is still a severe threat to the health of people worldwide. Chemotherapy is one of main therapeutic approaches to combat cancer. However, chemotherapy only has a limited success with severe side effects, especially causing damage to normal tissues such as bone marrow, gastrointestine, heart, liver, renal, neuron, and auditory tissues, etc. Read More

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November 2018

A novel adhesive biosensor system for detecting respiration, cardiac, and limb movement signals during sleep: validation with polysomnography.

Nat Sci Sleep 2018 26;10:397-408. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Neurology Department, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Background: Although in-lab polysomnography (PSG) remains the gold standard for objective sleep monitoring, the use of at-home sensor systems has gained popularity in recent years. Two categories of monitoring, autonomic and limb movement physiology, are increasingly recognized as critical for sleep disorder phenotyping, yet at-home options remain limited outside of research protocols. The purpose of this study was to validate the BiostampRC sensor system for respiration, electrocardiography (ECG), and leg electromyography (EMG) against gold standard PSG recordings. Read More

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November 2018

A novel in-ear sensor to determine sleep latency during the Multiple Sleep Latency Test in healthy adults with and without sleep restriction.

Nat Sci Sleep 2018 19;10:385-396. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Sleep and Ventilation Unit, Royal Brompton Campus, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London, UK,

Objectives: Detecting sleep latency during the Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) using electroencephalogram (scalp-EEG) is time-consuming. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a novel in-ear sensor (in-ear EEG) to detect the sleep latency, compared to scalp-EEG, during MSLT in healthy adults, with and without sleep restriction.

Methods: We recruited 25 healthy adults (28. Read More

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November 2018

Integrated analysis reveals key genes with prognostic value in lung adenocarcinoma.

Cancer Manag Res 2018 21;10:6097-6108. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Affiliated Huaian No. 1 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Huai'an, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China,

Background: Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors. Despite advances in lung cancer therapies, prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer is still unfavorable. The aim of this study was to identify the prognostic value of key genes in lung tumorigenesis. Read More

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November 2018

Prognostic significance of the 8th edition of the TNM classification for patients with extensive disease small cell lung cancer.

Cancer Manag Res 2018 21;10:6039-6047. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan,

Background: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is typically categorized according to disease extent as limited or extensive, and utility of the 8th TNM classification, recommended for lung cancer staging, which demonstrates a strong association with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) management, remains unclear.

Methods: This retrospective study included 277 consecutive SCLC patients treated at a single institution between 2008 and 2016.

Results: According to the currently used two-stage system, 186 (65. Read More

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November 2018
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