1,106 results match your criteria Reproductive Health [Journal]


'Birds of the same feathers fly together': midwives' experiences with pregnant women and FGM/C complications - a grounded theory study in Liberia.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 14;16(1):18. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

African Women's Research Observatory (AfWORO), Barcelona, Spain.

Background: In Liberia, approximately 70% of the women of the North-Central and North-Western regions could have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in their childhood during a traditional ceremony marking their entrance into Sande, a secret female society. Little is known about FGM/C from Liberian women's perspective. This study aimed to understand the health implications of FGM/C as perceived by qualified female midwives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0681-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Engaging men in an mHealth approach to support postpartum family planning among couples in Kenya: a qualitative study.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 11;16(1):17. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Ave., Boxes 359909, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA.

Background: Involving male partners in family planning (FP) education and counseling may improve FP utilization and help meet couples' reproductive health needs in the postpartum period. We aimed to explore Kenyan men's and women's perspectives on an interactive short message service (SMS) approach to support postpartum FP decision-making, and inform intervention content for a randomized controlled trial (RCT).

Methods: We conducted four focus group discussions (FGD) among men (n = 35) and two among pregnant/postpartum women (n = 15) in western Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0669-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Compliance with iron folic acid and associated factors among pregnant women through pill count in Hawassa city, South Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 8;16(1):14. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy is a public health problem across the globe that adversely affects maternal and perinatal outcome. World Health Organization recommends that universal iron folic acid supplementation of pregnant women. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine compliance and identify factors associated with Iron folic acid among pregnant women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0679-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367743PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Determinants and causes of maternal mortality in Iran based on ICD-MM: a systematic review.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 8;16(1):16. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: No systematic review has explored the causes of and factors associated with maternal mortality in the context of Iran. This study reviewed determinants and causes of maternal mortalities during pregnancy, delivery and the puerperium using the International Classification of Diseases-Maternal Mortality (ICD-MM), introduced by the World Health Organization.

Methods: A systematic electronic search of all the studies that identified causes and/or determinants of maternal deaths in any part of Iran or in the whole country were included, without any restriction of time or language of studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0676-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368742PMC
February 2019

Women's perspectives on health facility and system levels factors influencing mode of delivery in Tehran: a qualitative study.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 8;16(1):15. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Maternal Health Department, Ministry of Health, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Iran has one of the highest national caesarean section rates worldwide. Few studies explored in-depth the health-facility and health-system level factors that affect women's choices on mode of delivery in Iran. The aim of this study was to explore the health-facility and health-system level factors affecting women's preferences on mode of delivery in Tehran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0680-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368775PMC
February 2019
1 Read
1.616 Impact Factor

Proximate determinants of fertility in Ethiopia; an application of revised Bongaarts model.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 4;16(1):13. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of midwifery, Hossana College of health sciences, Po. Box 159, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Background: World population is growing at about 80 million people each year. Ethiopia is the 12th most populous country in the world. Existing literatures showed that the role of proximate determinants in inhibiting the total fertility has not yet been determined from the DHS data in the country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0677-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360651PMC
February 2019
1.616 Impact Factor

Developing management pathways for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in Indonesian primary care: a study protocol.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 1;16(1):12. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, 200 Berkeley St, Carlton, Vic, 3053, Australia.

Background: National and international guidelines for the management of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are available in developing countries. However, more detailed clinical pathways for primary care settings are limited. This study focuses on Indonesia, where 72% of women who died from HDP and its complications had received less appropriate treatment according to international guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0674-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359831PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Designing an educational intervention on second-hand smoke in smoker men on the exposure of pregnant wives: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 1;16(1):11. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Shahid Sadoughi University Of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Background: Complications of exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) are known to affect the health of pregnant women; it requires designing an educational program to reduce the exposure of pregnant women to smoke. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to design an educational program to reduce the exposure of pregnant women with the second-hand smoke of their husband.

Methods: This research-based program is designed in three phases, in the first phase of the study, the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of men regarding SHS will be measured using a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0673-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359865PMC
February 2019

Attitudes and practices related to intrauterine devices for nulliparous women among Chinese health care providers.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 31;16(1):10. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

NHC Key Lab. of Reproduction Regulation (Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research), Fudan University, Shanghai, 200237, China.

Background: Unintended pregnancy and induced abortion among young (unmarried or nulliparous) women have become serious social and health issues in China, which are thought to partly result from low use of long-acting reversible contraception, such as intrauterine devices (IUDs). Considering that providers may play an especially important role in increasing use of this particular method, we investigated Chinese health care providers' attitudes and practices regarding IUDs use for nulliparous women, and further examine the potential factors and reasons contributing to their attitudes and practices.

Methods: We recruited health care providers at two Chinese national academic conferences and surveyed them about knowledge of IUDs, willingness to recommend IUDs to nulliparous women, and their related practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0678-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357508PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Care plans for women pregnant using assisted reproductive technologies: a systematic review.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 29;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 2V7, Canada.

Background: Between 1 and 5% of children in industrialized countries are conceived through Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART). As infertility and the use of ART may be associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, care plans specific to these pregnancies are needed. We conducted a systematic review to examine the existing care plans specific to women pregnant following Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART). Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0667-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352361PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

"Our girls need to see a path to the future" --perspectives on sexual and reproductive health information among adolescent girls, guardians, and initiation counselors in Mulanje district, Malawi.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 25;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Malawi has one of the highest adolescent pregnancy rates worldwide; at 141 births/1000 girls it is 3-fold higher than the global average. Adolescent pregnancy contributes to poor maternal and neonatal outcomes, school dropout, and poverty. In preparation for an information, education, and communication (IEC) intervention to reduce unintended pregnancy among adolescent girls, formative research was conducted to understand how and what sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information is shared with girls in southern, rural Malawi, and perceptions of such information among key informants. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0661-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347744PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

An investigation into mistreatment of women during labour and childbirth in maternity care facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India: a mixed methods study.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 23;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Deputy Manager-Research, Sambodhi Research and Communications, O-2, Lajpat Nagar-II, New Delhi, 110024, India.

Objectives: To investigate the nature and context of mistreatment during labour and childbirth at public and private sector maternity facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Methods: This study analyses mixed-methods data obtained through systematic clinical observations and open-ended comments recorded by the observers to describe care provision for 275 mothers and their newborns at 26 hospitals in three districts of Uttar Pradesh from 26 May to 8 July 2015. We conducted a bivariate descriptive analysis of the quantitative data and used a thematic approach to analyse qualitative data. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0668-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345007PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Sexuality, fertility and family planning characteristics of married women aged 15 to 19 years in Ethiopia, Nigeria and Tanzania: a comparative analysis of cross-sectional data.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 21;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 21.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London, UK.

Background: Adolescents 360 (A360) is an initiative being rolled out across Ethiopia, Nigeria and Tanzania with the aim of increasing uptake of voluntary modern contraception among sexually active women aged 15 to 19 years. Using evaluation baseline survey data, we described key sexuality, fertility and contraceptive use characteristics of married women aged 15 to 19 years living in three sub-national settings.

Methods: Cross-sectional baseline surveys of married women aged 15 to 19 years were conducted in Oromia (Ethiopia), Nasarawa (Northern Nigeria), and Mwanza (Tanzania) between August 2017 and February 2018. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0666-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341518PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Evaluation of the maternal deaths surveillance and response system at the health district level in Guinea in 2017 through digital communication tools.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 18;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Health Services Delivery Community of Practice, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: Reducing maternal mortality still remains a major challenge in low-income countries. This study aims to explore how digital communication tools can be used to evaluate the maternal deaths surveillance and response (MDSR) system at the health district level in Guinea.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted, using an innovative digital approach called District. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0671-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339333PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Determinants of reproductive health services utilization among rural female adolescents in Asgede-Tsimbla district Northern Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 11;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Departments of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Adolescents especially females in rural area are vulnerable to a wide range of reproductive health problems including sexually transmitted infections, unwanted pregnancies, and unsafe abortion. They have limited access to reproductive health services that focus on the special needs of female adolescents. This study was aimed to assess the determinants of reproductive health service utilization among rural female adolescents of Asgede-Tsimbla district. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0664-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330493PMC
January 2019
1 Read

An awareness-raising framework for global health networks: lessons learned from a qualitative case study in respectful maternity care.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 8;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Maternal Health Task Force, Women and Health Initiative, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 651 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Background: The increase in global health networks as mechanisms for improving health and affecting social change has been recognized as a key component of the global health landscape today. To successfully raise awareness of shared causes, global health networks need tools to help them plan successful campaigns and evaluate the impact of their work, as well as to coordinate and reinforce each other's efforts. One global health network, the Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) Global Council, can be credited with raising the profile of the issues of disrespect and abuse (D&A) in childbirth and the need for RMC within global maternal health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0662-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323747PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Correlates of reported modern contraceptive use among postpartum HIV-positive women in rural Nigeria: an analysis from the MoMent prospective cohort study.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 8;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

International Research Center of Excellence, Institute of Human Virology Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Nigeria has an annual population of ~ 200,000 women who are both pregnant and HIV-positive. High unmet need for family planning in this population could lead to unintended pregnancies, along with the increased risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT). To identify modifiable barriers and facilitators in effective family planning, we examined correlates of modern contraceptive use among HIV-positive women enrolled in the MoMent prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) implementation research study in rural North-Central Nigeria. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0663-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323844PMC
January 2019
8 Reads
2.027 Impact Factor

Cluster randomized evaluation of the Nia Project: study protocol.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 29;15(1):218. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Population Council, P.O. Box 17643-00500, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: The onset of puberty and menarche is a specifically vulnerable time for girls, during which they begin to show interest in the opposite sex, while becoming exposed to a myriad of external pressures, including sexual coercion or harassment from boys and men, expectations to marry from their families, and the need to perform well in primary school in order to qualify for secondary school. According to several qualitative studies in Africa, such pressures are exacerbated by girls' lack of knowledge of their bodies, their rights, and the implications of their decisions, and by their inability to manage puberty and adolescence safely and comfortably with appropriate menstrual health and hygiene management (MHM) products. The evaluation of the Nia Project is one of the first to analyze the individual and combined contributions of sanitary pads and provision of comprehensive reproductive health education on girls' education and reproductive health outcomes. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0586-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310925PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Experiences related to health promotion behaviors in overweight pregnant women: a qualitative study.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 29;15(1):219. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Department of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The adoption of health behaviors by pregnant women causes their improved health and achievement of appropriate pregnancy outcomes as well as improving the quality of life of the mother and infant. Limited studies have examined such behaviors in pregnant women, especially in overweight mothers. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of overweight pregnant women in relation to lifestyle changes during pregnancy to improve their health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0660-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311013PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Reproductive health services utilization and its associated factors among adolescents in Debre Berhan town, Central Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 27;15(1):217. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Utilization of reproductive health services is an important component in preventing adolescents from different sexual and reproductive health problems. As a result, the extent of their service utilization should be determined before implementing any kind of interventions. Therefore, this study was aimed at assessing the level of reproductive health services utilization and its associated factors among adolescents who live in Debre Berhan town. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0659-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307180PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Study protocol: using a mobile phone-based application to increase awareness and uptake of sexual and reproductive health services among the youth in Uganda. A randomized controlled trial.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 22;15(1):216. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Global Medicines Program, Department of Global Health, University of Washington, P.O. Box 357630, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.

Background: Several cost-effective programs are being implemented around the world that use mobile technology to improve Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) uptake and awareness among youth. Mobile phone applications are a viable and effective means of increasing access to SRH services and tools in low and middle-income countries. This paper presents a protocol for a pilot study of a novel program, a mobile phone-based sexual and reproductive health services awareness and delivery application with the objective of increasing the demand for SRH services amongst the youth in Uganda. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0642-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303874PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Rationale & design of the PROMISES study: a prospective assessment and validation study of salivary progesterone as a test for preterm birth in pregnant women from rural India.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 22;15(1):215. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, King's College London, St Thomas' Hospital Campu, London, SE1 7EH, UK.

Background: In India, 3.6 million pregnancies are affected by preterm birth annually, with many infants dying or surviving with disability. Currently, there is no simple test available for screening all women at risk of spontaneous PTB in low income setting, although high resource settings routinely use cervical length measurement and cervico-vaginal fluid fetal fibronectin for identification and care of women at risk due to clinical history. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0657-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303912PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Women empowerment as an enabling factor of contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa: a multilevel analysis of cross-sectional surveys of 32 countries.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 20;15(1):214. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

School of International Development and Global Studies, 120 University Private, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, Canada.

Background: Women's empowerment has a direct impact on maternal and child health care service utilization. Large scope measurement of contraceptive use in several dimensions is paramount, considering the nature of empowerment processes as it relates to improvements in maternal health status. However, multicountry and multilevel analysis of the measurement of women's empowerment indicators and their associations with contraceptive use is vital to make a substantial intervention in the Sub-Saharan Africa context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0658-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302468PMC
December 2018
1 Read
1.616 Impact Factor

A multi-center, randomized controlled clinical trial of the application of a shortened protocol of long-acting Triptorelin down-regulated prior to IVF/ICSI among patients with endometriosis: A protocol.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 20;15(1):213. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Center for Reproductive Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Background: Endometriosis is the major cause of progressive pelvic pain and subfertility. Up to 50% of reproductive-age women suffer from pelvic pain. Endometriosis is a classic indication for IVF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0639-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302481PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

The context of emergency contraception use among young unmarried women in Accra, Ghana: a qualitative study.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 19;15(1):212. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Society, Gender and Health Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstrasse 57, 4002, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Over the past decade, awareness and use of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) among young women has rapidly increased in Ghana; however, the rate of unintended pregnancy among this group remains high. We conducted a qualitative study to better understand the context and patterns of ECP use among young unmarried women in Ghana.

Methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with unmarried sexually active women aged 18-24 in Accra, Ghana to explore their perceptions, experiences, and opinions regarding sexual relationships and contraceptive methods, and to examine the factors that influence choice of ECPs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0656-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299944PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Increasing postpartum family planning uptake through group antenatal care: a longitudinal prospective cohort design.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 17;15(1):208. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

School of Public Health, University of Ghana, PO Box GP4236, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Despite significant improvements, postpartum family planning uptake remains low for women in sub-Saharan Africa. Transmitting family planning education in a comprehensible way during antenatal care (ANC) has the potential for long-term positive impact on contraceptive use. We followed women for one-year postpartum to examine the uptake and continuation of family planning following enrollment in group versus individual ANC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0644-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296041PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Designing a guideline for empowering married adolescent girls in reproductive health: a mixed-method study protocol.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 17;15(1):211. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Research Center for Evidence- Based Medicine, Health managment and Safety Promotion Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: Investing in adolescent's health, especially, the role of girls in community health and future generations is one of the most important strategies of the Millennium Development Goals. In this regard, supplying adolescents' special needs including access to educational, health and counseling services for promoting reproductive health have been emphasized. About 36% of registered marriages in Iran are under the age of 19 though, reproductive health services based on married adolescent girls` needs in social-cultural context were not predicted in national health system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0654-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296126PMC
December 2018

The casual effect of lifestyle factors on outcomes of assisted reproductive techniques: a protocol study on Iranian infertile couples.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 17;15(1):210. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box: 16635148, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Attention to additional factors affecting the success of assisted reproduction techniques (ARTs) is very important and with appropriate interventions in some of these factors, success rate can be as high as improve a lot. There is a lot of evidence that lifestyle factors can influence on ARTs outcomes. Current knowledge of the effect of combined effect of several lifestyle factors on the outcomes of ARTs is low and contradictory. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0655-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296043PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Exploring mistreatment of women during childbirth in a peri-urban setting in Kenya: experiences and perceptions of women and healthcare providers.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 17;15(1):209. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

The Ford Program in Human Development Studies and Solidarity, Kellogg Institute of International Affairs, University of Notre Dame, 2167 Nanovic-Jenkins Hall, Notre Dame, IN, 46556, USA.

Background: In Kenya, indirectly caused maternal deaths form a significant portion of all maternal deaths within the health system. Many of these deaths are avoidable and occur during delivery and labor. Poor quality health service has been a recurring concern among women in Kenya, with women reporting interactions with healthcare workers that are often demeaning and abusive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0643-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296108PMC
December 2018
1 Read

"Eat and you will be eaten": a qualitative study exploring costs and benefits of age-disparate sexual relationships in Tanzania and Uganda: implications for girls' sexual and reproductive health interventions.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 13;15(1):207. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: Age-disparate sex is associated with increased HIV risk among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa. However, little has been done to understand the dynamics of such relationships from the perspectives of either AGYW or older men, and the communities in which these relationships are embedded. This article explores the motivations and perceived benefits of such relationships for AGYW and older men, plus the social and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0650-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293630PMC
December 2018
1 Read
1.616 Impact Factor

Preference of specimen collection methods for human papillomavirus detection for cervical cancer screening: a cross-sectional study of high-risk women in Mombasa, Kenya.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 12;15(1):206. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Objectives: Self-collection of genital specimens for high-risk types of human papillomavirus (hrHPV) detection may increase cervical cancer screening uptake. We hypothesized that women would prefer self-collection to clinician-collection of genital specimens. To test this hypothesis, and women's preference between two different self-collection approaches, a total of 199 women were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in Mombasa, Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0651-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291975PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Assessment of country policies affecting reproductive health for adolescents in the Philippines.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 12;15(1):205. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Reproductive Health and Research/ Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Adolescents in the Philippines face many legal, social and political barriers to access sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, putting them at higher risk of unplanned pregnancy, abortion, sexually transmitted infections and HIV, and other health and development problems.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate whether current normative documents on SRH in the Philippines are in concurrence with adolescents' human rights principles using the World Health Organization (WHO) Guidance and Recommendations on ensuring human rights in the provision of contraceptive information and services.

Methods: The review focused on policies and normative guidance documents which included the national reproductive health law, its implementing rules and regulations, and the Supreme Court decisions on the law, and documents cited in the government's Adolescent and Youth Health Programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0638-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291955PMC
December 2018
1 Read
1.616 Impact Factor

Early initiations of first antenatal care visit and associated factor among mothers who gave birth in the last six months preceding birth in Bahir Dar Zuria Woreda North West Ethiopia.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 12;15(1):203. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Reproductive Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Dar University, P.O.Box 79, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Background: Timing of Antenatal care booking is one of the basic components of antenatal care services; that helps to early detection, managing, and prevention of problems during the pregnancy and helps the mother to receive full packages of antenatal care services. However, in the world including Ethiopia, significant numbers of pregnant mothers were not booking the follow up on the recommended time. The main aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors that associated with the early timing of antenatal care visit in Bahir Dar Zuria District, North West Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0646-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292069PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Factors influencing referrals for ultrasound-diagnosed complications during prenatal care in five low and middle income countries.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 12;15(1):204. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.

Background: Ultrasound during antenatal care (ANC) is proposed as a strategy for increasing hospital deliveries for complicated pregnancies and improving maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes. The First Look study was a cluster-randomized trial conducted in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, Kenya, Pakistan and Zambia to evaluate the impact of ANC-ultrasound on these outcomes. An additional survey was conducted to identify factors influencing women with complicated pregnancies to attend referrals for additional care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0647-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291965PMC
December 2018
4 Reads
1.616 Impact Factor

Socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with HPV infection in pregnant women: a matched case-control study in Beijing, China.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 6;15(1):200. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, GA, USA.

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection plays key role in the development of cervical cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with HPV infection in pregnant women in Beijing, China.

Methods: An age matched case-control study designed with 66 women as the case group (HPV positive) and 132 women as the control group (HPV negative) was carried out in two hospitals in Beijing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0645-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282257PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The ReceptIVFity cohort study protocol to validate the urogenital microbiome as predictor for IVF or IVF/ICSI outcome.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 7;15(1):202. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Wytemaweg 80, 3015 CN, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: During the last decade, research has shown that besides the known predictive factors, such as duration of subfertility, a women's age, the body mass index, also the microbiome might affect fertility. Micro-organisms together with their genetic information and the milieu in which they interact are called the microbiome. Studies have shown that the presence of certain microbiota during assisted reproductive technology (ART) has a positive impact on the outcome. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0653-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286554PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Prevalence of unintended pregnancy and associated factors among married women in west Belessa Woreda, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 7;15(1):201. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Unintended pregnancies can have adverse physical, mental, social, and economic outcomes. Illegal abortions and associated complications often follow unintended pregnancies and claim the lives of many women in developing countries. To better understand how unintended pregnancy impacts married women, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of unintended pregnancies and associated factors among married pregnant women in West Belessa woreda, Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0649-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286561PMC
December 2018
1 Read

A comprehensive interventional program for promoting eating behaviors in adolescent girls with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): protocol for a mixed methods study.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 4;15(1):197. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among women. Inappropriate eating behaviors are some of the most important risk factors for obesity in all age groups. Therefore, performing comprehensive culturally sensitive interventions for modification of eating behaviors as a useful affordable strategy seems necessary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0652-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278146PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Respectful and disrespectful care in the Czech Republic: an online survey.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 4;15(1):198. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, 24 D'Olier Street, Dublin, DO2 T283, Ireland.

Background: Respectful maternity care includes treating women with dignity, consulting them about preferences, gaining consent for treatment, respecting their wishes, and giving care based on evidence, not routines. In the absence of any documented evidence, this study aimed to ascertain maternity care-givers' perceptions of respectful care provided for childbearing women in Czech Republic.

Methods: Following ethical approval, an online quantitative survey with qualitative comments was completed by 52 respondents recruited from workshops on promoting normal birth, followed by snowball sampling. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0648-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280471PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Distribution of postpartum blood loss: modeling, estimation and application to clinical trials.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 4;15(1):199. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, UNDP/UNFPA/ UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special programme of research, development and research training in human reproduction (HRP), Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: The loss of large amounts of blood postpartum can lead to severe maternal morbidity and mortality. Understanding the nature of postpartum blood loss distribution is critical for the development of efficient analysis techniques when comparing treatments to prevent this event. When blood loss is measured, resulting in a continuous volume measure, often this variable is categorized in classes, and reduced to an indicator of volume greater than a cutoff point. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0641-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280488PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Intimate partner violence and associated factors among pregnant women in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 4;15(1):196. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a serious public health concern globally. Within Sub-Saharan Africa nearly 40% of women reported abuse by their intimate partners. In Ethiopia, study findings regarding prevalence and associated factors of IPV among pregnant women have been inconsistently reported and highly variable. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0637-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278116PMC
December 2018
22 Reads
1.616 Impact Factor

Prevalence and determinants of adolescent pregnancy in Africa: a systematic review and Meta-analysis.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 29;15(1):195. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Adolescence is the period between 10 and 19 years with peculiar physical, social, psychological and reproductive health characteristics. Rates of adolescent pregnancy are increasing in developing countries, with higher occurrences of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. The few studies conducted on adolescent pregnancy in Africa present inconsistent and inconclusive findings on the distribution of the problems. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0640-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267053PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Evaluation of a quality improvement intervention for labour and birth care in Brazilian private hospitals: a protocol.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 26;15(1):194. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

Background: In Brazilian private hospitals, caesarean section (CS) is almost universal (88%) and is integrated into the model of birth care. A quality improvement intervention, "Adequate Birth" (PPA), based on four driving components (governance, participation of women and families, reorganisation of care, and monitoring), has been implemented to help 23 hospitals reduce their CS rate. This is a protocol designed to evaluate the implementation of PPA and its effectiveness at reducing CS as a primary outcome of birth care. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0636-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257968PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Prevalence of adverse birth outcome and associated factors among women who delivered in Hawassa town governmental health institutions, south Ethiopia, in 2017.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 26;15(1):193. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, P.O. Box 1560, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Most pregnancies are unplanned in Ethiopia. This is due to ignorance of the types and efficacy of each method of contraception they are associated with vast and unpredictable complications. Most of the time, these complications result in adverse birth outcomes. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0631-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260556PMC
November 2018
24 Reads

Preconception counselling for low health literate women: an exploration of determinants in the Netherlands.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 23;15(1):192. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

The University of New South Wales, Psychosocial Research Group, Prince of Wales Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, Lowy Research Centre, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.

Background: Women from lower socioeconomic groups tend to be at greater risk of adverse perinatal outcomes, but are less likely to participate in preconception counselling compared to higher socioeconomic groups. This could be partly because of their limited skills to assess, understand and use health related information in ways that promote and maintain good health (health literacy skills). In this study we explored determinants of participation in preconception counselling among women with low health literacy in The Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0617-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251122PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Does short message service improve focused antenatal care visit and skilled birth attendance? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 22;15(1):191. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Faculty of Medicine, the university of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: In low resource circumstances, non-adherence for available health services is a major cause of inefficiency in health care delivery. MHealth has been projected as a possible solution to support women during pregnancy, birth and puerperium period, to increase the uptake of essential maternal services.

Objectives: This systematic review and meta-analysis study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of short message services (SMS)on Focused Antenatal Care (FANC) visits and the attendance of skilled birth professionals in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0635-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249748PMC
November 2018
10 Reads
1.616 Impact Factor

Knowledge and attitude of women towards the legalization of abortion in the selected town of Ethiopia: a cross sectional study.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 21;15(1):190. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Background: Unsafe abortion contributes to maternal deaths 13% globally and 25-35% of Ethiopia. By considering the problem of unsafe abortion, Ethiopia amended a law that permits abortion under certain circumstances. However, the country liberalized the service, women are still not using it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0634-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249793PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Developing a model for integrating sexual and reproductive health services with HIV prevention and care in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 15;15(1):189. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

MatCH Research Unit (MRU), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, Durban, South Africa.

Background: There are few rigorous studies evaluating the benefits of vertical versus integrated delivery of healthcare services, and limited published studies describing conceptual models of integration at service-delivery level in public healthcare facilities. This article seeks to fill this gap, by describing the development of a district-based model for integrating sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV services in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Methods: Baseline data were collected from seven urban public healthcare facilities through client and provider interviews, and a facility inventory was completed to assess current service integration practices. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0633-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238282PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Sex composition of living children in a matrilineal inheritance system and its association with pregnancy intendedness and postpartum family planning intentions in rural Ghana.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 9;15(1):187. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Background: Sex composition of living children within the context of "sex preference" and its association with various reproductive health outcomes has been extensively studied in South and South East Asia. Although sex preference has been observed in sub-Saharan Africa, there is paucity of research on sex composition of living children and its association with reproductive health behaviours and outcomes, particularly in a matrilineal inheritance system. The purpose of the study was to explore the existence of sex preference in a matrilineal inheritance system. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0616-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234793PMC
November 2018
11 Reads