1,136 results match your criteria Reproductive Health [Journal]


Novel approaches to estimating abortion incidence.

Reprod Health 2019 Apr 18;16(1):44. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Guttmacher Institute, 125 Maiden Lane 7th Floor, New York, NY, 10038, USA.

Background: In countries where abortion is legally restricted or clandestine, estimates of abortion incidence are needed in order to bring attention to the reality of this practice. Innovations in methods for estimating stigmatized behaviors, coupled with changes in the conditions under which women obtain abortions, prompt us to review new approaches to estimating abortion incidence and propose innovations in this field.

Methods: We discuss five approaches for yielding accurate estimates in countries with restrictive abortion laws. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0702-0DOI Listing

A gestational vulnerability window for smoking exposure and the increased risk of preterm birth: how timing and intensity of maternal smoking matter.

Reprod Health 2019 Apr 16;16(1):43. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Public Health, Department of Family Science, University of Maryland, 4200 Valley Drive, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.

Background: Reducing the incidence of preterm birth is a national priority. Maternal cigarette smoking is strongly and consistently associated with preterm birth. The objective of this study was to examine prenatal exposure based on combined measures of timing (by trimester) and intensity level (the number of cigarettes smoked per day) of maternal smoking to identify a pregnancy period with the highest risk of preterm birth. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0705-xDOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Effect of attachment-based interventions on prenatal attachment: a protocol for systematic review.

Reprod Health 2019 Apr 5;16(1):42. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Parental attachment was defined as: series of inner behaviors that would cause the infant to develop an intimate relation with his/her parents. This emotional relationship is formed long before birth during the pregnancy and has been associated with psychosocial outcomes for women and children. This relationship is known as one of the major components of the child's social and emotional development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0704-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451303PMC
April 2019
1 Read

A Survey of Health Care Professionals' Knowledge and Experience of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Alcohol Use in Pregnancy.

Clin Med Insights Reprod Health 2019 27;13:1179558119838872. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

North Tyneside General Hospital, Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, North Shields, UK.

Background: Foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are one of the most common preventable forms of developmental disability and congenital abnormalities globally, particularly in countries where alcohol is considered socially acceptable. Screening for alcohol use early in pregnancy can facilitate the detection of alcohol-exposed pregnancies and identify women who require further assessment. However, only a small percentage of children with FASD are identified in the United Kingdom. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179558119838872DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437318PMC

The range and nature of reproductive health research in the occupied Palestinian territory: a scoping review.

Reprod Health 2019 Apr 3;16(1):41. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University, oPt, P.O.Box. 14, Birzeit, Palestine.

Background: In order to set research priorities for reproductive health in the occupied Palestinian territory, it is vital to know what current research has been done in the field of reproductive health. The purpose of this scoping review is to examine the range and nature of reproductive health research in the occupied Palestinian territory and to identify research gaps in the existing literature.

Methods: We searched four databases: EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL, and Popline. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0699-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448219PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Maternal overweight and obesity and the risk of caesarean birth in Malawi.

Reprod Health 2019 Apr 3;16(1):40. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

School of Public Health, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan No. 250, Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei, 110, Taiwan.

Background: Overweight and obese women are at risk of pregnancy and delivery complications. This study investigates the trend and association between maternal overweight and obesity on caesarean births in Malawi.

Methods: We utilised cross-sectional population-based Demographic Health Surveys (DHSs) data collected from mothers aged 18-49 years in 2004/05, 2010, and 2015/16 in Malawi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0700-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448310PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Predictors of Infant Care Competence Among Mothers With Postpartum Depression.

Clin Med Insights Reprod Health 2019 26;13:1179558119834910. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Background/objective: Postpartum depression is linked to decreased quality mother-infant interactions and long-term negative impacts on children's behavior and health. Infant care competence may be reduced by postpartum depression and other maternal or environmental variables. Thus, the objective of this study was to explain factors that contribute to perceived infant care competence among mothers with postpartum depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179558119834910DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435878PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Birth preparedness and complication readiness practice and influencing factors among women in Sodo town, Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2018; community based cross-sectional study.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 29;16(1):39. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Midwifery, College of Health Science, Wolaita Sodo University, P.O.Box 138, Sodo, Ethiopia.

Background: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) is a strategy that helps women to consider all available maternal health care services during pregnancy and prepare for potential complications. Though global annual number of maternal deaths decreased to an estimated 303,000 in 2015, avoidable morbidity and mortality remains a formidable challenge in many developing countries which account for approximately 99% (302,000) of the global maternal deaths in 2015. This study aims to assess the practice and factors associated with birth preparedness and complication readiness among women in Sodo town, Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia; 2018. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0703-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441218PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Comparison of 2-Hour Oral Glucose Tolerance Test and Hemoglobin A1C in the Identification of Pre-Diabetes in Women with Infertility and Recurrent Pregnancy Loss.

Clin Med Insights Reprod Health 2019 22;13:1179558119831280. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA.

Research Question: Does hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) predict pre-diabetes (pre-DM) in a population of women with infertility and/or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), when considering the 75 g, 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (2h GTT) as the gold standard?

Design: Retrospective study of 242 patients with infertility or RPL presenting to a university-affiliated reproductive endocrinology and infertility clinic between January 2012 and December 2016 who underwent screening for disorders of glucose metabolism with a 2h GTT. The prevalence of pre-DM as defined by HbA1C 5.7% to 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179558119831280DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431759PMC

Can community health workers increase modern contraceptive use among young married women? A cross-sectional study in rural Niger.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 25;16(1):38. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Center on Gender Equity and Health, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.

Background: The Republic of Niger has the highest rate of early marriage and adolescent fertility in the world. Recent global health initiatives, such as Family Planning 2020, have reinvigorated investments in family planning in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). As part of this initiative, Niger has implemented ambitious plans to increase contraceptive prevalence through policies designed to increase coverage and access to family planning services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0701-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434879PMC
March 2019
1 Read

The prevalence and predictors of domestic violence among pregnant women in Southeast Oromia, Ethiopia.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 25;16(1):37. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of psychiatry, Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Domestic violence is a common global health problem and relatively hidden and ignored form of violence against pregnant women. The magnitude of domestic violence among pregnant women is higher in low and middle-income countries including Ethiopia as compared with developed countries. Domestic violence is a violation of human right and associated with numerous adverse outcomes for mothers and the offspring. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0694-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434819PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Pregnancies, abortions, and pregnancy intentions: a protocol for modeling and reporting global, regional and country estimates.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 20;16(1):36. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Amherst, MA, 01003, USA.

Background: Estimates of pregnancies, abortions and pregnancy intentions can help assess how effectively women and couples are able to fulfil their childbearing aspirations. Abortion incidence estimates are also a necessary foundation for research on the safety of abortions performed and the consequences of unsafe abortion. Furthermore, periodic estimates of these indicators are needed to help inform policy and programmes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0682-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425570PMC

A cross-sectional mixed-methods study of sexual and reproductive health knowledge, experiences and access to services among refugee adolescent girls in the Nakivale refugee settlement, Uganda.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 19;16(1):35. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Faculty of Interdisciplinary Studies, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda.

Background: Humanitarian crises and migration make girls and women more vulnerable to poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. Nevertheless, there is still a dearth of information on SRH outcomes and access to SRH services among refugee girls and young women in Africa. We conducted a mixed-methods study to assess SRH experiences, knowledge and access to services of refugee girls in the Nakivale settlement, Uganda. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0698-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425697PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Ovarian Function and Fertility Preservation in Breast Cancer: Should Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonist be administered to All Premenopausal Patients Receiving Chemotherapy?

Clin Med Insights Reprod Health 2019 9;13:1179558119828393. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Centro de Cancer de Mama del Hospital Zambrano Hellion, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.

Chemotherapy-induced premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is one of the potential drawbacks of chemotherapy use of particular concern for newly diagnosed premenopausal breast cancer patients. Temporary ovarian suppression obtained pharmacologically with the administration of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) during chemotherapy has been specifically developed as a method to counteract chemotherapy-induced gonadotoxicity with the main goal of diminishing the risk of POI. In recent years, important clinical evidence has become available on the efficacy and safety of this strategy that should now be considered a standard option for ovarian function preservation in premenopausal breast cancer patients, including women who are not interested in conceiving after treatment or that would not be candidates for fertility preservation strategies because of their age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179558119828393DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410390PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Factors associated with anemia among women of the reproductive age group in Thatta district: study protocol.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 18;16(1):34. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Community Health Sciences, The Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi, 74800, Pakistan.

Background: Maternal anemia is a leading public health issue placing pregnant women at higher risk of low birth weight, preterm birth, perinatal mortality, and neonatal mortality. Women in developing countries are at higher risk of anemia which could be either due to micronutrient deficiencies, hemoglobinopathies, infections or other socio-demographic factors. Thus, it is highly essential to explore the factors of anemia among women of the reproductive age group in order to design suitable interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0688-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423857PMC
March 2019
1.616 Impact Factor

Husbands' involvement in family planning use and its associated factors in pastoralist communities of Afar, Ethiopia.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 18;16(1):33. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

School of Public health, college of health sciences, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.

Background: Husbands play an influential role in women's access to health care, such as family planning services. However, there is little evidence of the level of husbands' involvement in family planning services among pastoralist communities, who possess a distinct lifestyle. This study was aimed to assess husbands' involvement in family planning use and factors associated in pastoralist communities of Afar, Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0697-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423846PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

A comprehensive home-care program for health promotion of mothers with preeclampsia: protocol for a mixed method study.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 14;16(1):32. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Reproductive and sexual Health, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: One of the most common complications of pregnancy and the third cause of maternal death is preeclampsia. Thus this group of mothers should be supported, trained and received efficient health care services. Home-care is one strategy to improvement complications of Pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0695-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416946PMC
March 2019
1.616 Impact Factor

Designing an educational intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 12;16(1):31. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Pregnancy as one of the critical stages of life carries a high risk to the health of pregnant women. The amount of weight gained during pregnancy can affect the woman and her infant health immediately or in the future. The present study is conducted to design and explore the effectiveness of an educational intervention based on health belief model (HBM) to preventing excessive gestational weight gain (GWG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0696-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417265PMC
March 2019
1.616 Impact Factor

Correction to: the revised international technical guidance on sexuality education - a powerful tool at an important crossroads for sexuality education.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 11;16(1):30. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

WHO Department of Reproductive Health and Research/Human Reproduction Programme, Geneva, Switzerland.

In the version of this article that was. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0675-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410497PMC
March 2019
1.616 Impact Factor

A grounded theory of regaining normalcy and reintegration of women with obstetric fistula in Kenya.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 8;16(1):29. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

University of Toronto, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, 155 College St. ON M57 3M7, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Obstetric fistula is a reproductive health problem causing immense suffering to 1% of women in Kenya that is formed as sequelae of prolonged obstructed labour. It is a chronic illness that disrupts women lives, causing stigma and isolation. Fistula illness often introduces a crisis in women's life begetting feelings of shame and serious disruption to their social, psychological, physical and economic lives, in addition to dealing with moral and hygiene challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0692-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408802PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Antenatal predictors of incident and persistent postnatal depressive symptoms in rural Ethiopia: a population-based prospective study.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 4;16(1):28. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: There have been few studies to examine antenatal predictors of incident postnatal depression, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim of this study was to investigate antenatal predictors of incident and persistent maternal depression in a rural Ethiopian community in order to inform development of antenatal interventions.

Method: A population-based prospective study was conducted in Sodo district, south central Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0690-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399829PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

Contraceptive use intentions and unmet need for family planning among reproductive-aged women in the Upper East Region of Ghana.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 4;16(1):26. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA.

Background: Motivations for use of contraceptives vary across populations. While some women use contraceptives for birth spacing, others adopt contraception for stopping childbearing. As part of efforts to guide the policy framework to promote contraceptive utilization among women in Ghana, this paper examines the intentions for contraceptive use among reproductive-aged women in one of the most impoverished regions of Ghana. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0693-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399919PMC
March 2019
10 Reads
1.616 Impact Factor

Syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus infections among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinic of Gondar family guidance association, Northwest Ethiopia: implication for prevention of mother to child transmission.

Reprod Health 2019 Mar 4;16(1):27. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Sexually transmitted infections constitute a major public health problem worldwide. Syphilis and HIV infections cause various adverse pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of HIV and syphilis infections among pregnant women at Gondar Family Guidance Association clinic, northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0691-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399918PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Depression among pregnant women and associated factors in Hawassa city, Ethiopia: an institution-based cross-sectional study.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 28;16(1):25. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Faculty of Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, P. O. Box 1560, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder during pregnancy. It is not only common and chronic among women throughout the world but also principal source of disability in pregnant women. The scarce information and limited attention to the problem might aggravate the consequence of the problem and can limit the intervention to be taken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0685-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396522PMC
February 2019
1.616 Impact Factor

Obstetric emergency simulation training course: experience of a private-public partnership in Brazil.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 27;16(1):24. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Hospital e Maternidade Santa Joana, Centro de Ensino, Pesquisa e Inovação, Rua Dr. Eduardo Amaro 225, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04104 080, Brazil.

Background: Lack of skills on how to diagnose and manage obstetric emergencies contribute to substandard institutional care and preventable maternal deaths in Brazil. Simulation-based obstetric emergency team training can reduce adverse maternal outcomes. However, this type of training is expensive and not widely available, especially in low resource settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0689-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391815PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Reproductive and sexual Health of surrogate mothers, developing a care program: a protocol for mixed methods study.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 26;16(1):23. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Gestational surrogacy is one of the options for women whom pregnancy is contraindicated. Despite of increasing demand for gestational surrogacy, its various aspects are controversial. The unique nature of surrogacy causes surrogate mothers to face a variety of problems such as, ethical confusion, psychological disturbance and reproductive health matters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0687-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390364PMC
February 2019

Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes: a case-control study.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 25;16(1):22. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

College of Health Sciences and Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Axum University, Tigray, Ethiopia.

Background: Intimate partner violence is a common phenomenon in Ethiopia families. About 81% of women believed that a husband is justified in beating his wife. About 30-60% of families were affected by their intimates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0670-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388467PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Contraception in adolescence: the influence of parity and marital status on contraceptive use in 73 low-and middle-income countries.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 21;16(1):21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

International Center for Equity in Health, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160, 3rd floor, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Background: There is still a large gap in relation to effectively meet the contraceptive needs and family planning goals of adolescents. Our aim was to describe how having a partner and children impact on contraceptive behavior of sexually active female adolescents from low and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Methods: Analyses were based on the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys and Multiple Indicator Surveys carried out since 2005 in 73 LMICs with available data for sexually active women aged 15-19 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0686-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383262PMC
February 2019
1 Read

"Confidence comes with frequent practice": health professionals' perceptions of using manual vacuum aspiration after a training program.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 19;16(1):20. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Public Health and Nursing, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Malawi has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world, with unsafe abortion as a major contributor. Curettage is most frequently used as the surgical method for treating incomplete abortions, even though it is costly for an impoverished health system and the less expensive and safe manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) method is recommended.

Methods: The aim of this 2016-17 study is to explore health worker's perception of doing MVA 1 year after an educational intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0683-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381708PMC
February 2019
5 Reads
1.616 Impact Factor

Referral patterns through the lens of health facility readiness to manage obstetric complications: national facility-based results from Ghana.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 18;16(1):19. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Maternal Child Health, MEASURE Evaluation/ Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Introduction: Countries with high maternal and newborn mortality can benefit from national facility level data that describe intra-facility emergency referral patterns for major obstetric complications. This paper assesses the relationship between referral and facilities' readiness to treat complications at each level of the health system in Ghana. We also investigate other facility characteristics associated with referral. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0684-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379927PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

'Birds of the same feathers fly together': midwives' experiences with pregnant women and FGM/C complications - a grounded theory study in Liberia.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 14;16(1):18. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

African Women's Research Observatory (AfWORO), Barcelona, Spain.

Background: In Liberia, approximately 70% of the women of the North-Central and North-Western regions could have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in their childhood during a traditional ceremony marking their entrance into Sande, a secret female society. Little is known about FGM/C from Liberian women's perspective. This study aimed to understand the health implications of FGM/C as perceived by qualified female midwives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0681-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376772PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Engaging men in an mHealth approach to support postpartum family planning among couples in Kenya: a qualitative study.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 11;16(1):17. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Ave., Boxes 359909, Seattle, WA, 98104, USA.

Background: Involving male partners in family planning (FP) education and counseling may improve FP utilization and help meet couples' reproductive health needs in the postpartum period. We aimed to explore Kenyan men's and women's perspectives on an interactive short message service (SMS) approach to support postpartum FP decision-making, and inform intervention content for a randomized controlled trial (RCT).

Methods: We conducted four focus group discussions (FGD) among men (n = 35) and two among pregnant/postpartum women (n = 15) in western Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0669-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371458PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Compliance with iron folic acid and associated factors among pregnant women through pill count in Hawassa city, South Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 8;16(1):14. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy is a public health problem across the globe that adversely affects maternal and perinatal outcome. World Health Organization recommends that universal iron folic acid supplementation of pregnant women. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine compliance and identify factors associated with Iron folic acid among pregnant women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0679-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367743PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Determinants and causes of maternal mortality in Iran based on ICD-MM: a systematic review.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 8;16(1):16. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: No systematic review has explored the causes of and factors associated with maternal mortality in the context of Iran. This study reviewed determinants and causes of maternal mortalities during pregnancy, delivery and the puerperium using the International Classification of Diseases-Maternal Mortality (ICD-MM), introduced by the World Health Organization.

Methods: A systematic electronic search of all the studies that identified causes and/or determinants of maternal deaths in any part of Iran or in the whole country were included, without any restriction of time or language of studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0676-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368742PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Women's perspectives on health facility and system levels factors influencing mode of delivery in Tehran: a qualitative study.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 8;16(1):15. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Maternal Health Department, Ministry of Health, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Iran has one of the highest national caesarean section rates worldwide. Few studies explored in-depth the health-facility and health-system level factors that affect women's choices on mode of delivery in Iran. The aim of this study was to explore the health-facility and health-system level factors affecting women's preferences on mode of delivery in Tehran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0680-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368775PMC
February 2019
3 Reads
1.616 Impact Factor

Proximate determinants of fertility in Ethiopia; an application of revised Bongaarts model.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 4;16(1):13. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of midwifery, Hossana College of health sciences, Po. Box 159, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Background: World population is growing at about 80 million people each year. Ethiopia is the 12th most populous country in the world. Existing literatures showed that the role of proximate determinants in inhibiting the total fertility has not yet been determined from the DHS data in the country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0677-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360651PMC
February 2019
1.616 Impact Factor

Developing management pathways for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in Indonesian primary care: a study protocol.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 1;16(1):12. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, 200 Berkeley St, Carlton, Vic, 3053, Australia.

Background: National and international guidelines for the management of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are available in developing countries. However, more detailed clinical pathways for primary care settings are limited. This study focuses on Indonesia, where 72% of women who died from HDP and its complications had received less appropriate treatment according to international guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0674-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359831PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Designing an educational intervention on second-hand smoke in smoker men on the exposure of pregnant wives: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Reprod Health 2019 Feb 1;16(1):11. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Shahid Sadoughi University Of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Background: Complications of exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) are known to affect the health of pregnant women; it requires designing an educational program to reduce the exposure of pregnant women to smoke. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to design an educational program to reduce the exposure of pregnant women with the second-hand smoke of their husband.

Methods: This research-based program is designed in three phases, in the first phase of the study, the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of men regarding SHS will be measured using a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0673-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359865PMC
February 2019

Attitudes and practices related to intrauterine devices for nulliparous women among Chinese health care providers.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 31;16(1):10. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

NHC Key Lab. of Reproduction Regulation (Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research), Fudan University, Shanghai, 200237, China.

Background: Unintended pregnancy and induced abortion among young (unmarried or nulliparous) women have become serious social and health issues in China, which are thought to partly result from low use of long-acting reversible contraception, such as intrauterine devices (IUDs). Considering that providers may play an especially important role in increasing use of this particular method, we investigated Chinese health care providers' attitudes and practices regarding IUDs use for nulliparous women, and further examine the potential factors and reasons contributing to their attitudes and practices.

Methods: We recruited health care providers at two Chinese national academic conferences and surveyed them about knowledge of IUDs, willingness to recommend IUDs to nulliparous women, and their related practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0678-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357508PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Care plans for women pregnant using assisted reproductive technologies: a systematic review.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 29;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 2V7, Canada.

Background: Between 1 and 5% of children in industrialized countries are conceived through Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART). As infertility and the use of ART may be associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, care plans specific to these pregnancies are needed. We conducted a systematic review to examine the existing care plans specific to women pregnant following Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART). Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0667-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352361PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

"Our girls need to see a path to the future" --perspectives on sexual and reproductive health information among adolescent girls, guardians, and initiation counselors in Mulanje district, Malawi.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 25;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Malawi has one of the highest adolescent pregnancy rates worldwide; at 141 births/1000 girls it is 3-fold higher than the global average. Adolescent pregnancy contributes to poor maternal and neonatal outcomes, school dropout, and poverty. In preparation for an information, education, and communication (IEC) intervention to reduce unintended pregnancy among adolescent girls, formative research was conducted to understand how and what sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information is shared with girls in southern, rural Malawi, and perceptions of such information among key informants. Read More

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Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0661-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347744PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

An investigation into mistreatment of women during labour and childbirth in maternity care facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India: a mixed methods study.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 23;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Deputy Manager-Research, Sambodhi Research and Communications, O-2, Lajpat Nagar-II, New Delhi, 110024, India.

Objectives: To investigate the nature and context of mistreatment during labour and childbirth at public and private sector maternity facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Methods: This study analyses mixed-methods data obtained through systematic clinical observations and open-ended comments recorded by the observers to describe care provision for 275 mothers and their newborns at 26 hospitals in three districts of Uttar Pradesh from 26 May to 8 July 2015. We conducted a bivariate descriptive analysis of the quantitative data and used a thematic approach to analyse qualitative data. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0668-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345007PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Sexuality, fertility and family planning characteristics of married women aged 15 to 19 years in Ethiopia, Nigeria and Tanzania: a comparative analysis of cross-sectional data.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 21;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 21.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London, UK.

Background: Adolescents 360 (A360) is an initiative being rolled out across Ethiopia, Nigeria and Tanzania with the aim of increasing uptake of voluntary modern contraception among sexually active women aged 15 to 19 years. Using evaluation baseline survey data, we described key sexuality, fertility and contraceptive use characteristics of married women aged 15 to 19 years living in three sub-national settings.

Methods: Cross-sectional baseline surveys of married women aged 15 to 19 years were conducted in Oromia (Ethiopia), Nasarawa (Northern Nigeria), and Mwanza (Tanzania) between August 2017 and February 2018. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0666-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341518PMC
January 2019
12 Reads

Evaluation of the maternal deaths surveillance and response system at the health district level in Guinea in 2017 through digital communication tools.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 18;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Health Services Delivery Community of Practice, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: Reducing maternal mortality still remains a major challenge in low-income countries. This study aims to explore how digital communication tools can be used to evaluate the maternal deaths surveillance and response (MDSR) system at the health district level in Guinea.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted, using an innovative digital approach called District. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0671-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339333PMC
January 2019
2 Reads
1.616 Impact Factor

Determinants of reproductive health services utilization among rural female adolescents in Asgede-Tsimbla district Northern Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 11;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Departments of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Adolescents especially females in rural area are vulnerable to a wide range of reproductive health problems including sexually transmitted infections, unwanted pregnancies, and unsafe abortion. They have limited access to reproductive health services that focus on the special needs of female adolescents. This study was aimed to assess the determinants of reproductive health service utilization among rural female adolescents of Asgede-Tsimbla district. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0664-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330493PMC
January 2019
1 Read

An awareness-raising framework for global health networks: lessons learned from a qualitative case study in respectful maternity care.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 8;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Maternal Health Task Force, Women and Health Initiative, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 651 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Background: The increase in global health networks as mechanisms for improving health and affecting social change has been recognized as a key component of the global health landscape today. To successfully raise awareness of shared causes, global health networks need tools to help them plan successful campaigns and evaluate the impact of their work, as well as to coordinate and reinforce each other's efforts. One global health network, the Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) Global Council, can be credited with raising the profile of the issues of disrespect and abuse (D&A) in childbirth and the need for RMC within global maternal health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0662-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323747PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Correlates of reported modern contraceptive use among postpartum HIV-positive women in rural Nigeria: an analysis from the MoMent prospective cohort study.

Reprod Health 2019 Jan 8;16(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

International Research Center of Excellence, Institute of Human Virology Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Nigeria has an annual population of ~ 200,000 women who are both pregnant and HIV-positive. High unmet need for family planning in this population could lead to unintended pregnancies, along with the increased risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT). To identify modifiable barriers and facilitators in effective family planning, we examined correlates of modern contraceptive use among HIV-positive women enrolled in the MoMent prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) implementation research study in rural North-Central Nigeria. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0663-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323844PMC
January 2019
21 Reads
2.027 Impact Factor

Cluster randomized evaluation of the Nia Project: study protocol.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 29;15(1):218. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Population Council, P.O. Box 17643-00500, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: The onset of puberty and menarche is a specifically vulnerable time for girls, during which they begin to show interest in the opposite sex, while becoming exposed to a myriad of external pressures, including sexual coercion or harassment from boys and men, expectations to marry from their families, and the need to perform well in primary school in order to qualify for secondary school. According to several qualitative studies in Africa, such pressures are exacerbated by girls' lack of knowledge of their bodies, their rights, and the implications of their decisions, and by their inability to manage puberty and adolescence safely and comfortably with appropriate menstrual health and hygiene management (MHM) products. The evaluation of the Nia Project is one of the first to analyze the individual and combined contributions of sanitary pads and provision of comprehensive reproductive health education on girls' education and reproductive health outcomes. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0586-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310925PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Experiences related to health promotion behaviors in overweight pregnant women: a qualitative study.

Reprod Health 2018 Dec 29;15(1):219. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Department of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The adoption of health behaviors by pregnant women causes their improved health and achievement of appropriate pregnancy outcomes as well as improving the quality of life of the mother and infant. Limited studies have examined such behaviors in pregnant women, especially in overweight mothers. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of overweight pregnant women in relation to lifestyle changes during pregnancy to improve their health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0660-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311013PMC
December 2018
1 Read