7,582 results match your criteria Reperfusion Injury in Stroke

Anfibatide alleviates inflammation and apoptosis via inhibiting NF-kappaB/NLRP3 axis in ischemic stroke.

Eur J Pharmacol 2022 May 15:175032. Epub 2022 May 15.

Anhui Academy of Medical Sciences, Hefei, Anhui, 230061, China. Electronic address:

Recent evidence suggests that Nod-like receptor protein-3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a key mediator of inflammatory response and can induce the activation of apoptosis signaling pathways in ischemic stroke. In this research, we assessed the effects of anfibatide (ANF) on inflammatory and apoptosis in cerebral ischemic injury and the potential mechanisms. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was established on male Sprague-Dawley rats to induce cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in vivo. Read More

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Potential Therapeutic Effects of Mi-Jian-Chang-Pu Decoction on Neurochemical and Metabolic Changes of Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 6;2022:7319563. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy; Key Laboratory of Hui Ethnic Medicine Modernization, Ministry of Education, Ningxia Medical University, 1160 Shenli Street, Yinchuan 750004, China.

As a traditional Chinese medicine formula, Mi-Jian-Chang-Pu decoction (MJCPD) has been successfully used in patients with language dysfunction and hemiplegia after ischemic stroke (IS). Given the excellent protective effects of MJCPD against nerve damage caused by IS in clinical settings, the present investigation mainly focused on its underlying mechanism on ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Firstly, by applying the MCAO-induced cerebral IR injury rats, the efficacy of MJCPD on IS was estimated using the neurological deficit score, TTC, HE, and IHC staining, and neurochemical measurements. Read More

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Mitochondrial health quality control: measurements and interpretation in the framework of predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine.

EPMA J 2022 May 12:1-17. Epub 2022 May 12.

Predictive, Preventive, Personalised (3P) Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Bonn, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, 53127 Bonn, Germany.

Mitochondria are the "gatekeeper" in a wide range of cellular functions, signaling events, cell homeostasis, proliferation, and apoptosis. Consequently, mitochondrial injury is linked to systemic effects compromising multi-organ functionality. Although mitochondrial stress is common for many pathomechanisms, individual outcomes differ significantly comprising a spectrum of associated pathologies and their severity grade. Read More

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[Research progress of nuclear factor E 2-related factor 2 signaling pathway in neuroprotective mechanism of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2022 Mar;34(3):325-328

Department of Cerebrovascular, Henan Provincial People's Hospital (Zhengzhou University People's Hospital), Zhengzhou 450003, Henan, China. Corresponding author: Li Zhaoshuo, Email:

Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury refers to an aggravated brain tissue damage caused by the restoration of blood supply after acute ischemia for a period of time. Its pathogenesis is complex, including oxidative stress, inflammatory response, and excitatory amino acid toxicity. The effective clinical treatments of cerebral I/R injury after ischemic stroke (IS) are limited. Read More

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N6-Methyladenosine RNA Methylation in Cardiovascular Diseases.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 29;9:887838. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Cardiology, Tongji Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification is the most universal and abundant post-transcriptional modification of eukaryotic RNA and occurs mainly at the consensus motif RR (m6A) CH (R = A or G, H = A, C, or U) in long internal exons, near stop codons, or in the 3' untranslated region (UTR). "Writers," "erasers," and "readers" are responsible for the occurrence, removal, and recognition of m6A modification, respectively. Substantial evidence has shown that m6A RNA modification can exert important functions in physiological and pathological processes. Read More

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Roflumilast, a cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, protects against cerebrovascular endothelial injury following cerebral ischemia/reperfusion by activating the Notch1/Hes1 pathway.

Eur J Pharmacol 2022 May 12:175027. Epub 2022 May 12.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510515, China; Key Laboratory of Mental Health of the Ministry of Education, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510515, China; Center for Brain Science and Brain-Inspired Intelligence, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Guangzhou, 510515, China. Electronic address:

The loss of tight junction (TJ) and adherens junction (AJ) proteins leads to the damage of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during cerebral ischemia. Inhibition of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) by roflumilast (Roflu) protects against ischemic stroke-induced neuronal damage. However, the effects of Roflu on vascular endothelial injury and BBB integrity remain unknown. Read More

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Tumor Necrosis Factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL) in Patients after Acute Stroke: Relation to Stroke Severity, Myocardial Injury, and Impact on Prognosis.

J Clin Med 2022 May 2;11(9). Epub 2022 May 2.

Cardiocenter, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, 100 34 Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is known to be associated with poor prognosis after cardiovascular events. We aimed to assess the dynamic changes in TRAIL levels and the relation of TRAIL level to stroke severity, its impact on the short-term outcomes, and its association with markers of cardiac injury in patients after acute stroke.

Methods: Between August 2020 and August 2021, 120 consecutive patients, 104 after acute ischemic stroke (AIS), 76 receiving reperfusion therapy, and 16 patients after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) were enrolled in our study. Read More

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Energy restriction induced SIRT6 inhibits microglia activation and promotes angiogenesis in cerebral ischemia via transcriptional inhibition of TXNIP.

Cell Death Dis 2022 May 11;13(5):449. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Neurology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, 410008, Hunan Province, P.R. China.

Energy restriction (ER) protects against cerebral ischemic injury, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unclear. Here, rats were fed ad libitum (AL) or on an alternate-day food deprivation intermittent fasting (IF) diet for 3 months, followed by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) surgery. The body weight, infarct volume, and neurological deficit score were accessed at the designated time points. Read More

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Mechanisms Underlying Curcumin-Induced Neuroprotection in Cerebral Ischemia.

Feng Fan Meng Lei

Front Pharmacol 2022 26;13:893118. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Neurology, The Third People's Hospital of Henan Province, Zhengzhou, China.

Ischemic stroke is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and restoring the blood flow to ischemic brain tissues is currently the main therapeutic strategy. However, reperfusion after brain ischemia leads to excessive reactive oxygen species production, inflammatory cell recruitment, the release of inflammatory mediators, cell death, mitochondrial dysfunction, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and blood-brain barrier damage; these pathological mechanisms will further aggravate brain tissue injury, ultimately affecting the recovery of neurological functions. It has attracted the attention of researchers to develop drugs with multitarget intervention effects for individuals with cerebral ischemia. Read More

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14,15-Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acid Protect Against Glucose Deprivation and Reperfusion-Induced Cerebral Microvascular Endothelial Cells Injury by Modulating Mitochondrial Autophagy SIRT1/FOXO3a Signaling Pathway and TSPO Protein.

Front Cell Neurosci 2022 26;16:888836. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Neurovascular system plays a vital role in controlling the blood flow into brain parenchymal tissues. Additionally, it also facilitates the metabolism in neuronal biological activities. Cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (MECs) are involved in mediating progression of the diseases related to cerebral vessels, including stroke. Read More

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β-Caryophyllene suppresses ferroptosis induced by cerebral ischemia reperfusion via activation of the NRF2/HO-1 signaling pathway in MCAO/R rats.

Phytomedicine 2022 Apr 22;102:154112. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

College of Pharmacy, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China. Electronic address:

Background: Ischemic stroke is a complex brain disease regulated by several cell death processes, including apoptosis, autophagy, and ferroptosis. β-Caryophyllene (BCP), a natural bicyclic sesquiterpene abundantly found in essential oils, has been demonstrated to have potential pharmacological benefits in many diseases, including ischemic stroke.

Purpose: This research was to determine the existence of ferroptosis in the pathogenesis of acute ischemic stroke and investigate whether BCP can inhibit ferroptosis to improve cerebral ischemia injury by activating the NRF2/HO-1 signaling pathway in rats. Read More

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Long non-coding RNA lincRNA-erythroid prosurvival (EPS) alleviates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by maintaining high-temperature requirement protein A1 (Htra1) stability through recruiting heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein L (HNRNPL).

Bioengineered 2022 May;13(5):12248-12260

Department of Internal Medicine-Neurology, Dongping People's Hospital, Taian, Shandong, P.R.China.

This study aimed at investigating the role and mechanism of lincRNA-EPS (erythroid prosurvival) in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (CIR) injury. The results showed that the overexpression of lincRNA-EPS was able to reduce the levels of interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1β stimulated in the OGD-treated Neuro-2a (N-2a) cells. The levels of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde were enhanced while the superoxide dismutase levels were reduced by oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) treatment, in which the lincRNA-EPS overexpression could reverse this effect in the cells. Read More

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Neuronal STAT3/HIF-1α/PTRF axis-mediated bioenergetic disturbance exacerbates cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury via PLA2G4A.

Theranostics 2022 4;12(7):3196-3216. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China.

Ischemic stroke is an acute and severe neurological disease with high mortality and disability rates worldwide. Polymerase I and transcript release factor (PTRF) plays a pivotal role in regulating cellular senescence, glucose intolerance, lipid metabolism, and mitochondrial bioenergetics, but its mechanism, characteristics, and functions in neuronal cells following the cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remain to be determined. Transcription factor motif analysis, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), luciferase and co-Immunoprecipitation (co-IP) assays were performed to investigate the mechanisms of PTRF in neuronal cells after I/R injury. Read More

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The Complex Relationship Between Cooling Parameters and Neuroprotection in a Model of Selective Hypothermia.

Front Neurol 2022 25;13:874701. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Division of Neurosurgery, Halifax Infirmary, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Background: Hypothermia remains the best studied neuroprotectant. Despite extensive positive large and small animal data, side effects continue to limit human applications. Selective hypothermia is an efficient way of applying neuroprotection to the brain without the systemic complications of global hypothermia. Read More

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Trilobatin promotes angiogenesis after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury via SIRT7/VEGFA signaling pathway in rats.

Phytother Res 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Key Laboratory of Basic Pharmacology of Ministry of Education and Guizhou Province, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China.

Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in the recovery of neurological function after ischemia stroke. Herein, we investigated the effect of trilobatin (TLB) on angiogenesis after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI). The effect of TLB on angiogenesis after CIRI were investigated in mouse brain microvascular endothelium bEnd. Read More

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Silencing miRNA-324-3p protects against cerebral ischemic injury via regulation of the GATA2/A1R axis.

Neural Regen Res 2022 Nov;17(11):2504-2511

Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Previous studies have suggested that miR-324-3p is related to the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia, but the mechanism underlying this relationship is unclear. In this study, we found that miR-324-3p expression was decreased in patients with acute ischemic stroke and in in vitro and in vivo models of ischemic stroke. miR-324-3p agomir potentiated ischemic brain damage in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion, as indicated by increased infarct volumes and cell apoptosis rates and greater neurological deficits. Read More

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November 2022

Single-Cell RNA-Sequencing Analyses Revealed Heterogeneity and Dynamic Changes of Metabolic Pathways in Astrocytes at the Acute Phase of Ischemic Stroke.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 30;2022:1817721. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Neurovascular Center, Changhai Hospital, Naval Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Astrocyte plays important roles in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke and reperfusion injury. They intensively participate in the energy metabolism of the brain, while their heterogeneity and function after ischemic stroke remain controversial. By employing single-cell sequencing of mice cortex at 12 h after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) and comparing with the similar published datasets of 24h after tMCAO, we uncover the cellular phenotypes and dynamic change of astrocytes at the acute phase of ischemic stroke. Read More

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[Mitophagy mediated by ligustilide relieves OGD/R-induced injury in HT22 cells].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2022 Apr;47(7):1897-1903

College of Pharmacy, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine Hefei 230012, China Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Research & Development of Chinese Medicine, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine Hefei 230012,China Institute for Pharmacodynamics and Safety Evaluation of Chinese Medicine, Anhui Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Hefei 230012, China.

Mitochondrion, as the main energy-supply organelle, is the key target region that determines neuronal survival and death during ischemia. When an ischemic stroke occurs, timely removal of damaged mitochondria is very important for improving mitochondrial function and repairing nerve damage. This study investigated the effect of ligustilide(LIG), an active ingredient of Chinese medicine, on mitochondrial function and mitophagy based on the oxygen and glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R)-induced injury model in HT22 cells. Read More

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CircUSP36 attenuates ischemic stroke injury through the miR-139-3p/SMAD3/Bcl2 signal axis.

Clin Sci (Lond) 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important roles in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Researches demonstrated that circRNAs provided novel strategies for the prevention and treatment of IS. However, the biological function of hsa_circ_0045932 (circUSP36) has not been revealed yet. Read More

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Sevoflurane Improves Hemorrhagic Shock and Resuscitation-Induced Cognitive Impairments and Mitochondrial Dysfunctions through SIRT1-Mediated Autophagy.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 11;2022:9771743. Epub 2022 Mar 11.

Department of Anesthesiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei City, Anhui Province, China.

Cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) induced by hemorrhagic shock and reperfusion (HSR) is the main cause of death following trauma. Previous studies indicated the neuroprotective effect of sevoflurane postconditioning (SP) in cerebral IRI. However, the mechanisms still remain elusive. Read More

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Kaempferol Mediated AMPK/mTOR Signal Pathway Has a Protective Effect on Cerebral Ischemic-Reperfusion Injury in Rats by Inducing Autophagy.

Neurochem Res 2022 May 7. Epub 2022 May 7.

Department of Radiation Oncology, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin's Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Tianjin, 300060, People's Republic of China.

Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) caused by ischemic stroke treatments leads to brain injury and its pathological mechanism is related to autophagy. The underlying mechanism of kaempferol on cerebral I/R injury needs to be explored. To establish I/R injury, we used a middle cerebral artery occlusion-reperfusion (MCAO) model in rats. Read More

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Neuronal Death Mechanisms and Therapeutic Strategy in Ischemic Stroke.

Neurosci Bull 2022 May 5. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Neurology, Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210008, China.

Ischemic stroke caused by intracranial vascular occlusion has become increasingly prevalent with considerable mortality and disability, which gravely burdens the global economy. Current relatively effective clinical treatments are limited to intravenous alteplase and thrombectomy. Even so, patients still benefit little due to the short therapeutic window and the risk of ischemia/reperfusion injury. Read More

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Ligustilide ameliorates hippocampal neuronal injury after cerebral ischemia reperfusion through activating PINK1/Parkin-dependent mitophagy.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jul 20;101:154111. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Background: Mitophagy plays a critical role in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion by timely removal of dysfunctional mitochondria. In mammals, PINK1/Parkin is the most classic pathway mediating mitophagy. And the activation of PINK1/Parkin mediated mitophagy exerts neuroprotective effects during cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury (CIRI). Read More

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Circular RNA PUM1 performs as a competing endogenous RNA of microRNA-340-5p to mediate DEAD-box helicase 5 to mitigate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Bioengineered 2022 May;13(5):11564-11578

Department of Neurological Intervention, Dalian Municipal Central Hospital, Dalian City, China.

Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion damages local brain tissue and impairs brain function, but its specific pathogenesis is still uncertain. Recent studies have clarified circPUM1 is aberrantly elevated in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury; however, circPUM1's function in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion-induced neuronal injury remains ambiguous. The results illustrated circPUM1 and DEAD-box helicase 5 were decreased, but microRNA-340-5p was elevated in transient middle cerebral artery occlusion mice and oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation-treated SH-SY5Y cells. Read More

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DDAH1/ADMA Regulates Adiponectin Resistance in Cerebral Ischemia via the ROS/FOXO1/APR1 Pathway.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 25;2022:2350857. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Neurology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, No. 301 Middle Yanchang Road, Shanghai 200072, China.

Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1 (DDAH1) protects against cerebral ischemia injury via regulating the level of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). This study is aimed at exploring the effect of adiponectin resistance on ADMA-induced neuronal loss in ischemic stroke (IS) and the underlying mechanism. DDAH1 knockout (DDAH1) and wild-type (DDAH1) rats underwent middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R). Read More

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Neuroprotective effects of Korean White ginseng and Red ginseng in an ischemic stroke mouse model.

J Ginseng Res 2022 Mar 6;46(2):275-282. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

College of Korean Medicine, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Republic of Korea.

Background: Stroke is a neurological disorder characterized by brain tissue damage following a decrease in oxygen supply to brain due to blocked blood vessels. Reportedly, 80% of all stroke cases are classified as cerebral infarction, and the incidence rate of this condition increases with age. Herein, we compared the efficacies of Korean White ginseng (WG) and Korean Red Ginseng (RG) extracts (WGex and RGex, respectively) in an ischemic stroke mouse model and confirmed the underlying mechanisms of action. Read More

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Effect of prior exposure to enriched environment on cellular apoptosis after experimental stroke.

Mol Biol Rep 2022 May 4. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, 169 Donghu Street, Wuhan, 430071, Hubei, China.

Background: Growing evidence, including our previous studies, has demonstrated that an enriched environment (EE) after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury improves neurofunctional recovery in rats. However, whether EE exposure prior to injury could play a neuroprotective role in stroke has seldom been investigated. In this study, we examined the neuroprotective effects of prior exposure to EE and investigated the potential anti-apoptotic effect in rats after cerebral I/R injury. Read More

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Beta-Boswellic Acid Protects Against Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury via the Protein Kinase C Epsilon/Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2-like 2/Heme Oxygenase-1 Pathway.

Mol Neurobiol 2022 May 3. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Pharmacy, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032, China.

Ischemic strokes are associated with a high rate of disability and death globally. Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a type of brain damage associated with oxidative stress after an ischemic stroke. Beta-boswellic acid (β-BA) reportedly exerts antioxidant and neuroprotective effects, but its role in cerebral I/R injury is unclear. Read More

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Eleutheroside E alleviates cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in a 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2C (Htr2c)-dependent manner in rats.

Bioengineered 2022 May;13(5):11718-11731

Department Of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, Inner Mongolia University of Science & Technology, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, China.

Stroke is the central disorder underlined by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Eleutheroside E (EE) is administered as the shield in some ischemia tissues with anti-inflammatory action. However, whether EE defends I/R-induced damage in the brain remains unknown. Read More

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The LPA-CDK5-tau pathway mediates neuronal injury in an in vitro model of ischemia-reperfusion insult.

BMC Neurol 2022 May 2;22(1):166. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Neurology, Renmin hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430060, China.

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a common glycerol phospholipid and an important extracellular signaling molecule. LPA binds to its receptors and mediates a variety of biological effects, including the pathophysiological process underlying ischemic brain damage and traumatic brain injury. However, the molecular mechanisms mediating the pathological role of LPA are not clear. Read More

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