10,270 results match your criteria Renovascular Hypertension
Case Rep Pediatr 2018 31;2018:5957987. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
1st Department of Pediatrics, Aristotle University Thessaloniki, Hippokration Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Arterial hypertension is a common finding in patients with neurofibromatosis (NF) type 1. Renovascular hypertension due to renal artery stenosis or midaortic syndrome could be the underlying cause. We report the case of a 4-year-old girl with NF type 1 and midaortic syndrome whose changes in blood pressure and pulse wave velocity suggested the evolution of vasculopathy, diagnosis of renovascular hypertension, and provided insights of response to treatment. Read More
Eurasian J Med 2018 Oct;50(3):210-212
Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Medeniyet University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
A 23-year-old female patient with factor VII (FVII) deficiency was admitted with severe hypertension and renal failure. Brachial arterial pressures were 230/120 and 220/115 mm/Hg on the right and left arms, respectively. There was no blood pressure difference between the arms. Read More
Turk J Pediatr 2018 ;60(3):331-334
Departments of Vascular Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University; Institute of Vascular Surgery, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Guo J, Guo L, Zeng G, Tong Z, Gao X, Gu Y. An infant case of renovascular hypertension in moyamoya disease treated by angioplasty. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 331-334. Read More
Phytomedicine 2018 Dec 19;51:7-19. Epub 2018 May 19.
Laboratório de Eletrofisiologia e Farmacologia Cardiovascular, Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados, Rodovia Dourados-Itahum, km 12, P.O. Box 533, 79.804-970, Dourados, MS, Brazil. Electronic address:
Background: One of the medicinal plants widely used by the population in the treatment of hypertension, atherosclerosis and circulatory disorders is Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J.F. Read More
J Hum Genet 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Department of Pediatrics and Developmental Biology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.
Schimmelpenning syndrome is a rare neurocutaneous disorder categorized as a mosaic RASopathy due to postzygotic HRAS or KRAS mutations. We report a 6-year-old girl diagnosed with Schimmelpenning syndrome due to a postzygotic KRAS G12D mutation. The patient had three atypical symptoms of Schimmelpenning syndrome: renovascular hypertension, congenital lipomatosis, and diabetes mellitus. Read More
Eur Urol Focus 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.
Safety Assessment and Laboratory Animal Resources, Merck & Co., Inc., West Point, PA, USA.
Background: Partial nephrectomy (PN) is the gold standard for the treatment of small renal masses. Urinary biomarkers (UBMs) may serve as early indicators of acute kidney injury (AKI) following PN.
Objective: To evaluate the timing, specificity, and sensitivity of several candidate UBMs after PN to determine the most promising UBMs in this setting. Read More
BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 8;2018. Epub 2018 Nov 8.
Department of Cardiology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.
Renovascular hypertension is a common clinical presentation in Takayasu arteritis (TA), when the renal arteries are involved. Although most of the patients respond to optimal antihypertensive drug therapy, certain patients with TA require percutaneous or surgical renal artery revascularisation to manage renovascular hypertension. We, hereby, present a 45-year-old woman, who had resistant hypertension secondary to in-stent restenosis (ISR) of renal artery stent in a single functioning kidney. Read More
Clin Hypertens 2018 1;24:15. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Department of Medicine, Sarawak General Hospital, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Jalan Hospital, 93586 Kuching, Sarawak Malaysia.
Background: Hypokalemia in the presence of hypertension is often attributed to primary hyperaldosteronism as a cause of secondary hypertension, however secondary hyperaldosteronism may present similarly. Accessory renal arteries are variants in the vascular anatomy which are often thought to be innocuous but in some circumstances can cause renovascular hypertension leading to secondary hyperaldosteronism.
Case Presentation: We report 2 cases of hypertension with secondary hyperaldosteronism associated with accessory renal arteries. Read More
Hypertens Res 2019 Jan 6;42(1):40-51. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
Department of Cardiology and Nephrology, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.
It remains unknown which surrogate markers can predict diagnostic test results for primary hyperaldosteronism (PA). The Secondary Hypertension Registry Investigation in Mie Prefecture (SHRIMP) study has sequentially and prospectively recruited 128 patients with hypertension with an aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) greater than 20, evaluated the differences among essential hypertension (EHT), idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA), and aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA), and analyzed the predictors for the confirmatory tests. The patients underwent saline-loading, captopril-challenge, and upright furosemide-loading tests. Read More
Int J Rheum Dis 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.
Allergy Immunology Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Advanced Paediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Aim: To report our experience on complex percutaneous interventions of the abdominal aorta and its branches in six children with Takayasu arteritis (TA).
Methods: A review of records of children with TA, who underwent percutaneous interventions of the abdominal aorta and its major branches.
Results: In this analysis, we included six children with TA who underwent intervention of the abdominal aorta and its major branches. Read More
PLoS One 2018 31;13(10):e0206432. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Neurosurgery of NeuroCenter, Kuopio University Hospital, and Institute of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
Background: Secondary hypertension is a serious form of hypertension, involving 5% to 10% of all hypertension patients. Hypertension is a risk factor of the saccular intracranial aneurysm (sIA) disease and subarachnoid hemorrhage from ruptured sIA (aSAH), but the impact of secondary hypertension on sIA disease is poorly known. In a defined Eastern Finnish sIA population we studied the prevalence of secondary hypertension and its impact on sIA disease phenotype. Read More
Cardiovasc Ther 2018 Oct 29:e12474. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Division of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK.
Background And Objective: Results of interventional trials in renovascular hypertension have been disappointing, and medical therapy is the current recommended gold standard. However, the comparative long-term benefits of different antihypertensive drug classes in atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis are not known. We aim to assess the effect of different antihypertensive drug classes on outcomes in renovascular hypertension DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: Using Tayside Health Informatics Centre database, anonymized data over a 6-year period was analyzed. Read More
Front Med (Lausanne) 2018 10;5:282. Epub 2018 Oct 10.
Laboratorio de Investigacao Medica 12 (LIM12), Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
The pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) involves a very complex interaction between hemodynamic and inflammatory processes, leading to glomerular/vascular sclerosis, and fibrosis formation with subsequent evolution to end-stage of renal disease. Despite efforts to minimize the progression of CKD, its incidence and prevalence continue to increase. Besides cardiovascular diseases and infections, several studies demonstrate that vitamin D status could be considered as a non-traditional risk factor for the progression of CKD. Read More
Neural Plast 2018 30;2018:8919347. Epub 2018 Sep 30.
Key Laboratory of Shaanxi Province for Craniofacial Precision Medicine Research, Research Center of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Stomatology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710004, China.
Electroacupuncture (EA) has been reported to benefit hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. We hypothesized that EA attenuates hypertension, in part, through modulation of -aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor function in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). In the present study, the long-term effect of EA on GABA receptor function and expression was examined in the NTS of two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) renovascular hypertensive rats. Read More
Cardiovasc Res 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Aims: Neuroinflammation is a common feature in renovascular, obesity-related, and angiotensin II mediated hypertension. There is evidence that increased release of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) contributes to the development of the hypertension, but the underlying neural mechanisms are unclear. Here we investigated whether TNF-α stimulates neurons in the area postrema, a circumventricular organ, to elicit sympathetic excitation and increases in blood pressure. Read More
Front Pharmacol 2018 9;9:1131. Epub 2018 Oct 9.
Instituto Pluridisciplinar and Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Albuminuria is an early marker of renovascular damage associated to an increase in oxidative stress. The Munich Wistar Frömter (MWF) rat is a model of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which exhibits endothelial dysfunction associated to low nitric oxide availability. We hypothesize that the new highly selective, non-steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonist, finerenone, reverses both endothelial dysfunction and microalbuminuria. Read More
Hypertension 2018 Nov;72(5):1180-1188
From the Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (I.O.S., A.S., A.A., A.E., C.M.F., J.R.W., S.C.T., A.S.P., L.O.L.).
Hypertension, an important cause of chronic kidney disease, is characterized by peritubular capillary (PTC) loss. Circulating levels of endothelial microparticles (EMPs) reflect systemic endothelial injury. We hypothesized that systemic and urinary PTC-EMPs levels would reflect renal microvascular injury in hypertensive patients. Read More
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.
Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Objective/background: To study functional outcome, mortality, and dialysis free survival in patients undergoing open primary surgical repair of renal artery stenosis (RAS) or aneurysm (RAA).
Methods: This was a retrospective single centre study of patients undergoing open surgical renal artery reconstruction from 1993 to 2007. Blood pressure, renal function, dialysis dependence, vessel patency, and mortality were registered. Read More
J Ultrasound 2018 Dec 11;21(4):343-349. Epub 2018 Oct 11.
Radiology Department, Santobono-Pausilipon Children Hospital, Mario Fiore ST 6, Naples, Italy.
Percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) is an important procedure in the diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of renal disorders. Despite the relative simplicity, it can be a possible cause of iatrogenic renovascular injury. We describe two cases of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm, a major post-biopsy complication, in two pediatric patients with persistent micro- and macro-hematuria, promptly diagnosed using color Doppler ultrasound, confirmed with renal arteriography and treated with embolization. Read More
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2018 Sep;46(9):706-712
Graduate School of Baotou Medical College, Baotou 014060, China.
To characterize the gut microbial community structure of two-kidney-one-clip (2K1C) hypertensive rats, provide new evidences for prevention and treatment of hypertension. Adult male SD rats were divided into 2K1C hypertensive model group and sham operation group (8 each). Blood pressure was recorded by tail-cuff technique weekly for 4 weeks. Read More
Am J Med Genet A 2018 Nov 5;176(11):2523-2527. Epub 2018 Oct 5.
Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
J Vasc Interv Radiol 2018 Nov 28;29(11):1613-1616. Epub 2018 Sep 28.
7810 Lookout Drive, La Jolla, California. Electronic address:
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Oct;28(10):801-803
Department of Internal Medicine, Abant Izzet Baysal University (AIB), Bolu, Turkey.
Hydatid cyst is a parasitic infection which causes enormous morbidity and mortality worldwide. The pathogenic organism responsible for hydatid cyst is Echinococcus granulosus. Despite the fact that the characteristic cysts of the disease usually occur in liver and lungs, they may also occur in aberrant localisations. Read More
J Hypertens 2018 Nov;36(11):2226-2236
Objective: Hypertension at advanced age damages microvasculature and initiates many disease conditions including chronic kidney disease (CKD). In the present study, we sought to determine molecular alterations occurring in angiotensin-II (Ang-II)-induced aged kidney.
Methods: Old (75-80 weeks) and young (12-14 weeks) wild-type mice (C57BL/6J) were infused with Ang-II (1000 ng/kg per min) for 4 weeks using osmotic minipumps to induce hypertension. Read More
Arch Argent Pediatr 2018 Oct;116(5):e675-e678
Servicio de Radiología Pediátrica, Hospital Universitario Materno-infantil Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, España.
Renal artery stenosis represents a rare cause of neonatal arterial hypertension of renovascular origin, having been described few cases in the literature at this stage of life. Most patients with this disease remain asymptomatic; hypertension can be detected in routine pediatric revisions. Diagnosis can be performed by combining biochemical and radiological findings. Read More
Med Sci Monit 2018 Sep 10;24:6322-6330. Epub 2018 Sep 10.
School of Public Health, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China (mainland).
BACKGROUND Dracocephalum heterophyllum Benth flavonoid (DHBF) is a Tibetan and Uighur traditional medicine used to treat various disorders such as hypertension, lung heat, cough, and bronchitis; it has good antioxidant activity. Previous studies have shown that DHBF can reduce blood pressure in renovascular hypertensive rats, improve left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, and improve myocardial contractility. Therefore, we aimed to study the effect of DHBF on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in cultured cells. Read More
BMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 31;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 31.
Department of Endocrinology and Medicine Unit 5, Pt. B.D.Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
Renovascular hypertension is one of the common causes of secondary hypertension. Here we report a case of patient of renal artery stenosis presenting to the emergency department as a case of acute flaccid paralysis. Renal artery stenosis has been associated with hypokalaemia, but rarely reported to be symptomatic. Read More
Life Sci 2018 Oct 28;210:55-64. Epub 2018 Aug 28.
Postgraduate Program in Pharmacology, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, PI, Brazil; Postgraduate Program in Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, PI, Brazil; Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, PI, Brazil. Electronic address:
Actually, arterial hypertension is a major public health concern, which involves the renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAS), via activation of the angiotensin receptors AT and AT of the cardiovascular system. Although angiotensin is an important stimulant of the gut permeability to sodium and water, little is known about the effects of arterial hypertension on gut motor behavior. Thus, we evaluated in rats the effect of hypertension induced by two-kidney one-clip (2K1C) model on the gastric motility, as well as the influence of exercise and RAS blockers treatment in such phenomenon. Read More
Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis 2018 15;11:225-233. Epub 2018 Aug 15.
Nephrology, Dialysis and Renal Transplant Department, Civico and Di Cristina Hospital, Palermo, Italy,
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a chronic vasculitis disease of unknown etiology. Clinically significant renal disease is relatively common, and renovascular hypertension is the major renal problem. The assessment of TA activity is usually challenging because vascular inflammation may progress to fixed vascular injury without findings of active disease. Read More
J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst 2018 Jul-Sep;19(3):1470320318789861
1 Department of Vascular Surgery, Peking Union Medical Hospital, China.
Objective: In this article, we aim to prove the safety and effectiveness of orthotopic renal autotransplantation using ex vivo repair for the treatment of complex renovascular hypertension (RVH).
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed five consecutive patients (three women, two men) with young-onset RVH from January 2009 to August 2014. Orthotopic renal autotransplantation using ex vivo repair was performed and perioperative data were collected for statistical analysis. Read More
Pharmacol Rep 2018 Oct 13;70(5):917-929. Epub 2018 Apr 13.
Department of Pharmacology, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, China.
Background: To evaluate the protective effect of nebivolol against kidney damage and elucidate the underlying mechanism in a two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) rat model.
Methods: 2K1C rats were obtained by clipping left renal artery of male Wistar rats and were considered hypertensive when systolic blood pressure (SBP) was ≥160mmHg 4 weeks after surgery. The 2K1C hypertensive rats were divided into untreated, nebivolol (10mg/kg, ig), and atenolol (80mg/kg, ig) treatment groups. Read More
Eur Urol Focus 2018 03 6;4(2):198-205. Epub 2018 Aug 6.
Department of Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.
Background: Kidney autotransplantation (KAT) is the ultimate way to salvage kidneys with complex renovascular, ureteral, or malignant pathologies that are not amenable to in situ reconstruction. A minimally invasive approach could broaden its adoption.
Objective: To describe operative technique, perioperative complications, and early functional outcomes of robot-assisted kidney autotransplantation (RAKAT). Read More
Exp Clin Transplant 2018 Jul 31. Epub 2018 Jul 31.
From the Department of Family Medicine, Cheng Ching General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.
Renal transplant is the preferred choice of treatment for end-stage renal diseases. To avoid rejection, increasingly potent immunosuppressants are administered to recipients of kidney transplants. Complications, when there is excess immunosuppression, include possible lethal infections, which reduce allograft survival and compromise patient survival. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Sep 19;105:899-906. Epub 2018 Jun 19.
Laboratory for Experimental Surgery and Surgical Research "N.S. Christeas", Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
Chios mastic gum (CMG) exerts robust anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and it affects pathways that are implicated in the pathophysiology of endothelial and vascular inflammation. Aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that CMG administration lowers blood pressure (BP) and improves hypertension-induced target organ damage. 2-kidney, 1-clip (2K1C) hypertensive rats were treated with CMG (40 mg/kg body weight/day) for 2-weeks after the establishment of hypertension. Read More
Life Sci 2018 Sep 17;208:72-78. Epub 2018 Jul 17.
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Cátedra de Biología Celular y Molecular, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:
Aims: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the regulation of Aquaporin-2 (AQP2) water channel in the kidney of one-kidney, one-clip rats (Goldblatt-1 model). In addition, some mechanisms that underlie the role of AQP2 in the Goldblatt-1 model were evaluated.
Main Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were divided in three groups: control two-kidney, no clip (C, 2 K-NC); nephrectomized one-kidney, no clip (N, 1 K-NC) and Goldblatt one-kidney, one-clip (G, 1 K-1C). Read More
J Physiol Pharmacol 2018 Apr 4;69(2). Epub 2018 Jul 4.
Department of Biopharmacy, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.
A strong correlation between raised aldosterone levels and increased risk of thrombotic disorders has been provided. Clinical studies have demonstrated the benefits of the addition of the aldosterone receptor antagonist to the standard therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor in the reduction of cardiovascular events in patients. We suggest that the benefits of this dual renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade may be related to the drug's effects on the hemostatic and oxidative balance. Read More
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2018 Sep 6;315(3):H590-H601. Epub 2018 Jul 6.
Hanbang Cardio-Renal Syndrome Research Center, Department of Herbal Resources, Professional Graduate School of Oriental Medicine Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.
In the present study, the change in secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) from the atria was defined in hypertension accompanied by ventricular hypertrophy and increased synthesis of ANP. To identify the change of the secretion and mechanisms involved, experiments were performed in isolated perfused beating atria from sham-operated normotensive and renovascular hypertensive rats. Expression of ANP, natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-C, components of the renin-angiotensin system, and muscarinic signaling pathway was measured in cardiac tissues. Read More
Pediatr Nephrol 2018 Jul 5. Epub 2018 Jul 5.
Department of Neonatology, Centenary Hospital for Women and Children, Canberra Hospital, P.O. Box 11, Woden, ACT, 2606, Australia.
Hypertension is encountered in up to 3% of neonates and occurs more frequently in neonates requiring hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) than in neonates in newborn nurseries or outpatient clinics. Former NICU neonates are at higher risk of hypertension secondary to invasive procedures and disease-related comorbidities. Accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP) remains challenging, but new standardized methods result in less measurement error. Read More
Cell Transplant 2018 Jul 28;27(7):1080-1095. Epub 2018 Jun 28.
1 Divisions of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
Background: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) released from mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) mediate their paracrine effect, but their efficacy to protect the microcirculation of the kidney is unknown. Using a novel swine model of unilateral renovascular disease (RVD) complicated by metabolic syndrome (MetS), we tested the hypothesis that EVs would attenuate renal microvascular loss.
Methods: Four groups of pigs ( n = 7 each) were studied after 16 weeks of diet-induced MetS and RVD (MetS+RVD), MetS+RVD treated 4 weeks earlier with a single intra-renal delivery of EVs harvested from autologous adipose tissue-derived MSCs, and Lean and MetS Sham controls. Read More
Int J Mol Sci 2018 Jun 25;19(7). Epub 2018 Jun 25.
Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Alameda #340, Santiago 8331150, Chile.
Boldine, a major aporphine alkaloid found in the Chilean boldo tree, is a potent antioxidant. Oxidative stress plays a detrimental role in the pathogenesis of kidney damage in renovascular hypertension (RVH). The activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is crucial to the development and progression of hypertensive renal damage and TGF-β is closely associated with the activation of RAS. Read More
Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(1):323-328
Discipline of Ophthalmology, Department of Surgery II, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania; Clinic of Rehabilitation - Neurology, Rehabilitation Teaching Hospital, Iasi, Romania;
Resistant hypertension is defined by the inability to maintain within normal limits the blood pressure values of an individual, while he is under treatment with maximal tolerated doses of three antihypertensive agents. One of the most common types of resistant hypertension is renovascular hypertension (RVH), which is caused by the narrowing of the renal arteries, in the context of existing atherosclerotic plaques at that level. We are presenting the case of a hypertensive 56-year-old man admitted in the Clinic of Cardiology for a sudden rise of his blood pressure values, despite undergoing the scheduled treatment. Read More
Nephrol Dial Transplant 2018 Jun 22. Epub 2018 Jun 22.
Department of Renal Medicine, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford, Greater Manchester, UK.
Background: Risk stratification in atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD) can influence treatment decisions and facilitate patient selection for revascularization. In this study, we aim to use variables with the best predictive value to design a risk calculator that can assist clinicians with risk stratification and outcome prediction.
Methods: Patients with a radiological diagnosis of ARVD referred to our tertiary renal centre were recruited into this prospective cohort study between 1986 and 2014. Read More
Brain Res 2018 Nov 20;1698:43-53. Epub 2018 Jun 20.
Cardiovascular Division, Department of Physiology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Brazil. Electronic address:
The role of spinal cord neurons in renal sympathoexcitation remains unclear in renovascular hypertension, represented by the 2-kidney, 1-clip (2K1C) model. Thus, we aimed to assess the influence of spinal glutamatergic and AT1 angiotensin II receptors on renal sympathetic nerve activity (rSNA) in 2K1C Wistar rats. Hypertension was induced by clipping the renal artery with a silver clip. Read More
Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.
Providence-Providence Park Hospital, Southfield, Michigan, USA.
Background: Renal artery (RA) stenosis has been implicated in the pathophysiological mechanism for resistant hypertension. Despite the increasingly diagnosed frequency of hemodynamically significant lesions, the value of RA revascularization remains controversial. Our group had previously demonstrated significant blood pressure (BP) reduction in a retrospective cohort of appropriately selected patients undergoing RA stenting up to 18-months of follow-up. Read More
Radiol Case Rep 2018 Apr 11;13(2):495-498. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
Division of Interventional & Vascular Radiology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.
The commonest site of primary dissection involving the visceral vessels is renal arteries; however, spontaneous bilateral renal artery dissection is an extremely rare entity. Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is rarely a cause of renovascular hypertension. Segmental arterial mediolysis is a rare arteriopathy of unknown etiology which is a nonatherosclerotic and noninflammatory condition. Read More
EJNMMI Res 2018 Jun 11;8(1):45. Epub 2018 Jun 11.
Department of Nephrology, Division of Medicine, Turku University Hospital, PL 52, Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, 20521, Turku, Finland.
Background: Microvascular function plays an important role in ARVD (atherosclerotic renovascular disease). RFR (renal flow reserve), the capacity of renal vasculature to dilate, is known to reflect renal microvascular function. In this pilot study, we assessed PET (positron emission tomography)-based RFR values of healthy persons and renal artery stenosis patients. Read More
J Hypertens 2018 Aug;36(8):1729-1735
Department of Internal Medicine.
Objective: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) can be classified in a multifocal and a unifocal subtype. As unifocal FMD generally leads to more severe hypertension at younger age, we hypothesized that renal hemodynamics are more disturbed in unifocal renal artery FMD as compared with multifocal FMD, leading to increased renin secretion.
Methods: We measured renal blood flow (Xenon washout method), renin secretion, and glomerular filtration rate per kidney in 101 patients with FMD (26 unifocal and 75 multifocal), all off medication and prior to balloon angioplasty. Read More
Pediatr Int 2018 May;60(5):501
Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Nagano Children's Hospital, Azumino City, Nagano, Japan.
Front Physiol 2018 23;9:607. Epub 2018 May 23.
Department of Biotechnology, Center of Biotechnology, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Brazil.
This study was designed to investigate the effects of a newly synthesized carboxymethyl-glucan (CM-G) on blood pressure (BP), baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and sympathetic vascular modulation in renovascular hypertensive rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: Sham ( = 10); 2K1C (subjected to renal artery clipping to induce renovascular hypertension, = 10); Sham + CM-G (treated with CM-G, = 7) and 2K1C + CM-G (treated with CM-G, = 7). The daily treatment with CM-G (40 mg/kg) was performed for 2 weeks. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Jun 5;8(1):8598. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of renal and cardiovascular disease in renovascular hypertension (RVH). Ccl2 is an important mediator of inflammation, and is induced within 24 hours following surgery to establish RVH in the murine 2 kidney 1 clip model, a time prior to onset of interstitial inflammation, fibrosis, or tubular atrophy. We tested the hypothesis that Ccl2 deficiency protects the stenotic kidney (STK) from development of chronic renal damage in mice with renovascular hypertension due to renal artery stenosis (RAS). Read More