21,209 results match your criteria Renal Failure Chronic and Dialysis Complications


NT-proBNP in the Prognosis of Death or Need for Renal Replacement Therapy in Patients with Stage 3-5 Chronic Kidney Disease.

Cardiorenal Med 2019 Feb 6;9(2):125-134. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: The risk of cardiovascular (CV) complications is much greater in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to assess predictors of mortality, renal failure progression, and the need for dialysis in patients with CKD.

Methods: The study group consisted of 70 patients with stage 3-5 CKD, followed up on average for 33. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496238DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Chronic Kidney Disease as Basis of High Thrombotic and Bleeding Risk in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Place of Oral Anticoagulants.

Kardiologiia 2018 Nov 18;58(4):60-70. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

ФГБОУ ВО «Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет».

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) aggravates course of practically all diseases by worsening outcomes and hindering adequate treatment. Specificities of renal excretion of various drugs, changes of parameters of their pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, nephrotoxic effects of drugs, tactics of drug therapy in conditions of CKD, terminal stage of kidney failure and dialysis are in the focus of attention of internists. To a greatest degree difficulties of drug therapy in CKD and associated clinical states refer to the group of anticoagulants. Read More

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https://lib.ossn.ru/jour/article/view/125
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18087/cardio.2018.4.10111DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Nephrological aspects of surgical weight correction in morbid obesity.

Ter Arkh 2018 Jun;90(6):98-104

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.

Obesity, including morbid obesity, is a growing worldwide problem. The adverse effect of obesity on the kidneys is associated with the development of comorbid conditions, such as insulin resistance (IR), metabolic syndrome (MS), diabetes mellitus (DM), arterial hypertension (AH), which are the recognized risk factors of chronic kidney disease (СKD). Obesity also causes direct kidney damage with the development of non-immune focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Read More

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http://ter-arkhiv.ru/en/archive/2018/vol-90-6-2018/15_2731/?
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http://dx.doi.org/10.26442/terarkh201890698-104DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Microsurgical approach for hemodialysis access: A pilot study of Brescia-Cimino fistulas constructed under microscopic guidance.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(4):e14202

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine.

The distal forearm is the preferred site for hemodialysis access. However, forearm vessels have small diameter, which may lead to complications of arteriovenous fistulas constructed at this site. Indeed, the mean patency rate of such fistulas has been reported at 65. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014202DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358373PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

A case report of a child with sepsis induced multiorgan failure and massive complement consumption treated with a short course of Eculizumab: A case of crosstalk between coagulation and complement?

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(4):e14105

University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Kispaticeva, Zagreb.

Rationale: This article describes a child with a life-threatening multiorgan failure with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and massive complement consumption. To our knowledge this therapeutic approach was for the first time effectively applied in a pediatric patient.

Patient Concerns: A 14-month-old boy was presented with a severe, rapidly progressing, life-threatening disease because of sudden onset of fever, hemathemesis, hematuria, and bloody diarrhoea alongside fast spreading hematomas and general corporeal edema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358330PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Long term survival rates of patients undergoing vitrectomy for diabetic retinopathy in an Australian population: a population based audit.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019 Jan 20. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Department of Ophthalmology, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Importance: Five year survival rates in patients undergoing vitrectomy for diabetic retinopathy (DR) vary from 68-95%. No study has been conducted in an Australian population.

Background: We aimed to determine the survival rates of patients undergoing diabetic vitrectomy in an Australian population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ceo.13466DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Predictors of Hospital Cost After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in the United States: From the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Wayne State University/Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan. Electronic address:

We aimed to identify risk factors of high hospitalization cost after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). TAVI expenditure is generally higher compared with surgical aortic valve replacement. We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from January 2011 to September 2015 to identify those who underwent endovascular TAVI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.12.044DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Preoperative Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Is a Marker for Postoperative Complications Following Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty.

J Arthroplasty 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Orthopedics, Complex Joint Reconstruction Center, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY.

Background: Revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an increasingly common procedure, but complication rates are higher than for primary TKA. A requirement for dialysis has been shown to predict postoperative complications in this patient population, but the impact of less severe, but clinically significant, renal impairment has not been addressed.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program Database. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08835403183118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2018.12.005DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

[Prenatal care in patients with renal disease].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2019 Jan 2;144(1):35-38. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Universitätsfrauenklinik Freiburg.

History And Clinical Findings:  We report of three pregnancies, two with renal insufficiency and one with a history of renal transplantation. Pat.1 is a 32y at 20 weeks of gestation with acute renal failure, nephrotic syndrome and history of familial Mediterranean fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0794-8391DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Iliac conduits remain safe in complex endovascular aortic repair.

J Vasc Surg 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Objective: Iliac conduits (ICs) are used for challenging iliac access during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) with contradictory reports of safety and increased surgical complications, morbidity, and mortality in national database reviews. The objective of this study was to examine outcomes related to IC placement before or concomitant with EVAR at a high-volume single center.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent IC placement for endovascular aortic repair from 2006 to 2016 was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.10.099DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Ischemia reperfusion injury in kidney transplantation: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(52):e13650

Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, Clermont Ferrand, University Hospital, Clermont Ferrand, France.

Rationale: Kidney transplantation is considered the best treatment for patients with end stage renal disease. Ischemia- reperfusion injury (IRI) is an evitable event after deceased donor transplantation and influences short term and long term graft outcome. Few data on IRI's histology in the setting of kidney transplantation are available in the literature despite its frequency and its severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013650DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314654PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Outcomes and complications after fenestrated-branched endovascular aortic repair.

J Vasc Surg 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC. Electronic address:

Objective: To report the outcomes of patients enrolled in a physician-sponsored investigational device exemption trial for endovascular treatment of complex thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms with fenestrated and/or branched devices.

Methods: This study represents a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database of patients enrolled in a physician-sponsored investigational device exemption trial for endovascular treatment of complex thoracoabdominal aneurysms between July 2012 and July 2017. Subjects included high-risk patients for open repair and patients with unsuitable anatomy for either standard endovascular aneurysm repair or Zenith (Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) fenestrated device. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.10.052DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

First Report of Recurrent Nephrotic Syndrome After Kidney Transplantation in a Patient With NUP93 Gene Mutations: A Case Report.

Authors:
T Seeman K Vondrak

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 7;50(10):3954-3956. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Motol, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Mutations in nucleoporin 93 (NUP93) gene have been shown recently to be one of the very rare causes of genetic steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Until now, none of the 7 published cases with NUP93-SRNS, experienced recurrence of nephrotic syndrome (NS) after transplantation. Here, we present the first case of recurrent NS in a patient with NUP93-SRNS ever reported. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183093
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.07.010DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Clinical and Health Care Utilization Outcomes of Kidney Transplantation in HIV-Positive Recipients: A Nationwide Analysis From 2008-2013.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 10;50(10):3361-3366. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai St Luke Roosevelt, New York, New York.

Background: Kidney transplantation (KTxp) provides dialysis independence, improved quality of life, and prolonged life expectancy for patients with end-stage renal disease. Before and during the early antiretroviral therapy era, KTxp was not a consideration for patients with end-stage renal disease who were HIV-positive (HIV+ve) given their short life expectancy and prevailing organ procurement constraints. Recent advancements in antiretroviral therapy and HIV care have overhauled this paradigm and KTxp has now been performed for several years, however, pragmatic studies documenting outcomes are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.002DOI Listing
December 2018

Transient and persistent acute kidney injury in acute liver failure.

J Nephrol 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Division of Nephrology and Renal Transplantation, Department of Medicina, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, EPE, Lisboa, Portugal.

Background: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a very frequent complication in the Acute Liver Failure (ALF) population associated with negative outcomes. We aim to evaluate the impact of AKI duration on the outcomes of an ALF population.

Methods: A 20-year retrospective analysis of ALF patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40620-018-00568-wDOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Effect of Oral Alfacalcidol on Clinical Outcomes in Patients Without Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Receiving Maintenance Hemodialysis: The J-DAVID Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA 2018 12;320(22):2325-2334

Hemodialysis Center, Inoue Hospital, Soryu Medical Corporation, Osaka, Japan.

Importance: Patients with chronic kidney disease have impaired vitamin D activation and elevated cardiovascular risk. Observational studies in patients treated with hemodialysis showed that the use of active vitamin D sterols was associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality, regardless of parathyroid hormone levels.

Objective: To determine whether vitamin D receptor activators reduce cardiovascular events and mortality in patients without secondary hyperparathyroidism undergoing hemodialysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.17749DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Outcomes of basilic vein transposition versus polytetrafluoroethylene forearm loop graft as tertiary vascular access.

J Vasc Surg 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Radial-cephalic arteriovenous fistula and brachial-cephalic arteriovenous fistula are the first and second choices for creating vascular access in dialysis patients as recommended by the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative. Basilic vein transposition or use of a forearm (polytetrafluoroethylene [PTFE]) loop graft is recommended thereafter. The aim of this study was twofold: first, to compare the outcomes and patency rates of patients treated with a basilic vein transposition with those of patients treated with a PTFE loop; and second, to identify patient-related factors of influence on patency rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.06.220DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

The state of nutrition care in outpatient hemodialysis settings in Malaysia: a nationwide survey.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 4;18(1):939. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Dietetics Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: This study aimed to assess the situational capacity for nutrition care delivery in the outpatient hemodialysis (HD) setting in Malaysia by evaluating dietitian accessibility, nutrition practices and patients' outcomes.

Methods: A 17-item questionnaire was developed to assess nutrition practices and administered to dialysis managers of 150 HD centers, identified through the National Renal Registry. Nutritional outcomes of 4362 patients enabled crosscutting comparisons as per dietitian accessibility and center sector. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3702-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280465PMC
December 2018
1 Read
1.659 Impact Factor

Twin pregnancy in a patient on chronic haemodialysis who already had three pregnancies.

J Nephrol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Hypertension, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 5 place d'Arsonval, 69003, Lyon, France.

Pregnancy in women with end-stage renal disease is rare. Multiple pregnancies carry a high risk of complications even in healthy individuals. We report the case of a 36-year-old woman who had four pregnancies while she was on dialysis, including one twin pregnancy. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40620-018-0555-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40620-018-0555-6DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

[Metabolic complications in chronic kidney disease: hyperphosphatemia, hyperkalemia and anemia].

Nephrol Ther 2018 Nov;14(6S):6S17-6S25

Service de néphrologie, hôpital Necker-Enfants malades, 149, rue de Sèvres 75015 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Metabolic complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are frequent; the aims of this review are to present a 2018 update for hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia and anemia. Hyperkalemia is defined by a plasma level above 5.0 mmol/L, after ruling out pre-analytical problems such as hemolysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1769-7255(18)30647-3DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

An overview of percutaneous coronary intervention in dialysis patients: Insights from a Japanese nationwide registry.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Toho University Ohashi Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: This study sought to provide an overview of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in dialysis patients from a Japanese nationwide registry.

Background: Little is known about dialysis patients undergoing PCI because few are enrolled in clinical trials.

Methods: We analyzed 624,900 PCI cases including 41,384 dialysis patients (6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.27986DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

HCV-RNA Pcr Positivity In Hcv Antibody Negative Patients Undergoing Haemodialysis.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2018 Jul-Sep;30(3):397-400

Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Background: It's estimated that almost 2.2% of the world's inhabitants suffer from hepatitis C virus (HCV). The most common cause of chronic liver disease in haemodialysis centres is due to HCV. Read More

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January 2019
13 Reads

Hepatitis C virus and the kidney.

Nat Rev Nephrol 2019 Feb;15(2):73-86

Department of Nephrology, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is more prevalent and is associated with higher mortality in patients receiving dialysis and in kidney transplant recipients than in the general population. Kidney transplant recipients who are HCV-positive are also at higher risk of allograft and liver failure than are HCV-negative recipients. Moreover, HCV infection is associated with a higher incidence and faster progression of diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease (CKD), as well as a higher incidence of systemic (especially cardiovascular) complications. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41581-018-0081-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41581-018-0081-8DOI Listing
February 2019
23 Reads

[Diabetology and solid organ transplantation].

Orv Hetil 2018 11;159(46):1930-1939

Sebészeti Klinika, Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Klinikai Központ Pécs.

Diabetes increases the risk of different kidney diseases. The most important is diabetic nephropathy, however, ischemic kidney disease, chronic pyleonephritis and papilla necrosis may also develop. The prognosis of diabetic nephropathy has improved recently, however, it is still the primary cause of dialysis and transplantation. Read More

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https://www.akademiai.com/doi/10.1556/650.2018.31281
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/650.2018.31281DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Death and Postoperative Complications After Hip Fracture Repair: Dialysis Effect.

Kidney Int Rep 2018 Nov 7;3(6):1294-1303. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Introduction: It is unknown whether patients receiving dialysis have a higher morbidity and mortality risk after hip fracture repair conferred by their kidney failure or by the high comorbidity burden often present.

Methods: We examined associations of dialysis dependency with postoperative complications, death, and readmission in a matched cohort study of U.S. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24680249183014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ekir.2018.07.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6224855PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

A simplified percutaneous technique for inserting Tenckhoff catheters for peritoneal dialysis.

Clin Nephrol 2019 Jan;91(1):17-24

Aim: Successful catheter implantation is highly essential for delivering effective peritoneal dialysis (PD). The aim of the present study was to describe a newly developed, minimally invasive percutaneous technique for providing safe, timely, and effective peritoneal catheter insertion and assess the long-term outcome.

Materials And Methods: 100 PD catheters were placed in 100 consecutive patients by a nephrologist using the modified percutaneous technique with a special trocar, from August 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/CN109410DOI Listing
January 2019
24 Reads

Pregnancy Check Point for Diagnosis of CKD in Developing Countries.

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2018 Dec 7;68(6):440-446. Epub 2017 Nov 7.

1Department of Nephrology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

Objective: Evidences suggest that females with CKD are associated with high risk of maternal and fetal complications. Early referral in CKD with pregnancy for specialist care may prove useful for maternal and fetal outcome.

Methods: Study looked for assessment of impact of CKD detection at the time of pregnancy and its impact on fetal and maternal outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13224-017-1055-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6207537PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Acute esophageal necrosis (black esophagus) complicating calcific uremic arteriolopathy
.

Clin Nephrol 2019 Jan;91(1):48-51

The current case report describes a chronic hemodialysis patient presenting with painful penile ulceration that was clinically and histologically proven to be related to calcific uremic arteriolopathy. The patient subsequently developed severe upper gastrointestinal bleeding that was both endoscopically and histologically shown to be due to acute esophageal necrosis (AEN), also known as necrotizing esophagitis and "black esophagus". AEN is a rare condition characterized by diffuse necrosis of the esophageal mucosa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/CN109470DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Central venous catheter-related venous thrombosis in children with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis.

Thromb Res 2018 12 31;172:150-157. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Affiliated with Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address:

Despite the high rate of central venous catheter (CVC)-related venous thromboembolic (VTE) complications and long-term sequelae, CVCs remain a vital component of patient care in children with complex underlying diseases. In this review, we focus on CVC-related VTE in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis, a population in whom the provision of renal replacement therapy is a lifelong undertaking. Occlusion of the CVC and thrombosis underlie most instances of access malfunction and failure in children on chronic hemodialysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2018.10.031DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Comparison of atherosclerotic inflammation and calcification in subjects with end stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis to normal controls utilizing F-FDG PET/CT.

Hell J Nucl Med 2018 Sep-Dec;21(3):169-174. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Professor of Nuclear Medicine, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

Objective: Subjects with end stage renal disease (ESRD) are exposed to increased morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular events. The primary underlying mechanism has been suggested as accelerated atherosclerosis in these patients. Our aim was to compare the atherosclerotic inflammation and calcification in subjects with ESRD on hemodialysis to that in normal controls utilizing fluorine-18-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1967/s002449910901DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Reducing the occurrence rate of catheter dysfunction in peritoneal dialysis: a single-center experience about CQI.

Ren Fail 2018 Nov;40(1):628-633

a Department of Nephrology , The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University , Changsha , China.

To reduce the occurrence rate of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter dysfunction caused by catheter displacement or plugging, this study screened all patients with peritoneal dialysis catheterization from 2002 to 2015 from the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. There were 256 patients before continuous quality improvement (CQI) (from 2002 to 2007) and 813 patients after CQI (from 2008 to 2015). The occurrence rate of catheter dysfunction was 5. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0886022X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0886022X.2018.1515084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225513PMC
November 2018
14 Reads
0.780 Impact Factor

Percutaneous intervention for symptomatic central vein stenosis in patients with upper limb arteriovenous dialysis access.

Indian Heart J 2018 Sep - Oct;70(5):690-698. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Department of Cardiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India, India. Electronic address:

Central venous stenosis is an important hindrance to long-term maintenance of arteriovenous access in the upper extremities in dialysis patients.

Aim: The present study was done to determine feasibility and clinical success of endovascular approach for the treatment of symptomatic central venous stenosis associated with significant ipsilateral limb edema in dialysis patients with vascular access in the upper limb.

Methods: A database of hemodialysis patients who underwent endovascular treatment for central venous stenosis from January 2014 to January 2017 at our institute was retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00194832173042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.01.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204456PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Infants with congenital nephrotic syndrome have comparable outcomes to infants with other renal diseases.

Pediatr Nephrol 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, WC1N 3JH, UK.

Background: Children with congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) commonly develop end stage renal failure in infancy and require dialysis, but little is known about the complications and outcomes of dialysis in these children.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective case note review across members of the European Society for Pediatric Nephrology Dialysis Working Group to evaluate dialysis management, complications of dialysis, and outcomes in children with CNS.

Results: Eighty children (50% male) with CNS were identified form 17 centers over a 6-year period. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00467-018-4122-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00467-018-4122-0DOI Listing
October 2018
23 Reads

Peritonitis: Episode Sequence, Microbiological Variation, Risk Factors and Clinical Outcomes in a North China Peritoneal Dialysis Center.

Kidney Blood Press Res 2018 22;43(5):1573-1584. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Division of Nephrology, First Affiliated Teaching Hospital, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin,

Background/aims: This study investigated peritonitis episodes with regard to time sequence, microbiological variation, factors associated with peritonitis and clinical outcomes in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.

Methods: This single-center cohort study enrolled all incident patients who met the inclusion criteria at our center from June 1, 2012 to June 30, 2015 and who were followed until June, 2017. Clinical, biochemical characteristics and detailed data on peritonitis episodes, and hospitalizations were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494443DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Urologic Evaluation and Management of Pediatric Kidney Transplant Patients.

Urol Clin North Am 2018 Nov 7;45(4):561-569. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Pediatric Urology, Cook Children's Health Care System, 750 8th Avenue, 6th Floor, Fort Worth, TX 76104, USA.

Urologic causes of end-stage renal disease are estimated between 25% and 40% of causes. The goal of renal transplantation in chronic kidney disease patients is to provide renal replacement therapy with less morbidity, better quality of life, and improved overall survival compared with dialysis. A patient's urologic history can be a significant source of problems related to infections, recurrence of disease, and surgical complications. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00940143183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ucl.2018.06.004DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Pharmacokinetics of Ceftolozane-Tazobactam during Prolonged Intermittent Renal Replacement Therapy.

Chemotherapy 2018 10;63(4):203-206. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland,

Background: Prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy (PIRRT) eliminates many drugs, and without dosing data, for new antibiotics like ceftolozane/tazobactam, suboptimal concentrations and treatment failure are likely.

Objectives: Herein, we describe the effect of PIRRT on the plasma pharmacokinetics of ceftolozane/tazobactam ad-ministered in a critically ill 55-year-old patient with a polymicrobial sternal wound osteomyelitis, including a multiresistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Method: Blood samples were taken over 4 days where the patient received a 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493196DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Review: update on the management of calciphylaxis.

QJM 2019 Jan;112(1):29-34

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Calciphylaxis is a disease of significant morbidity and mortality, predominantly affecting dialysis patients. The term 'calciphylaxis' was coined by Seyle et al. in 1961 to describe calcium deposition in the skin and subcutaneous soft tissue of uremic rats in response to 'triggers' (e. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/advance-article/doi/10.1093/q
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcy234DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Frequency and Associations of Prescription Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Use Among Patients With a Musculoskeletal Disorder and Hypertension, Heart Failure, or Chronic Kidney Disease.

JAMA Intern Med 2018 Nov;178(11):1516-1525

Institute for Health Systems Solutions and Virtual Care, Women's College Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Importance: International nephrology societies advise against nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use in patients with hypertension, heart failure, or chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, recent studies have not investigated the frequency or associations of use in these patients.

Objectives: To estimate the frequency of and variation in prescription NSAID use among high-risk patients, to identify characteristics associated with prescription NSAID use, and to investigate whether use is associated with short-term, safety-related outcomes.

Design, Setting, And Participants: In this retrospective cohort study, administrative claims databases were linked to create a cohort of primary care visits for a musculoskeletal disorder involving patients 65 years and older with a history of hypertension, heart failure, or CKD between April 1, 2012, and March 31, 2016, in Ontario, Canada. Read More

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http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6248204PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Utility of Regular Management of Physical Activity and Physical Function in Hemodialysis Patients.

Kidney Blood Press Res 2018 4;43(5):1505-1515. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Kitasato University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Sagamihara,

Background/aims: Several clinical practice guidelines recommend regular assessment of physical activity and physical function as part of routine care in hemodialysis patients. However, there is no clear evidence to support these recommendations. We investigated whether the proportion of attendance at a regular program for management of physical activity and physical function can predict all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in hemodialysis patients. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494016DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Blood Pressure Seasonality in Hemodialysis Patients from Five European Cities of Different Latitudes.

Kidney Blood Press Res 2018 4;43(5):1529-1538. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

RD-Néphrologie, Montpellier, France.

Background/aims: Climate influences the regulation of blood pressure (BP). Our objective was to precisely estimate BP seasonality in hemodialysis (HD) patients from five European cities with marked climate differences.

Methods: Stable prevalent HD patients from 5 European facilities (Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Spain), Seville (Spain), Montpellier (France), Ottignies (Belgium), Umea (Sweden)) present over the years 1995-1999 were included in this historical longitudinal observational study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494019DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Changes in the inflammatory and oxidative stress markers during a single hemodialysis session in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Ren Fail 2018 Nov;40(1):534-540

a Department of Nephrology , Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences , Tirupati, India.

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on hemodialysis (HD) among whom it is 5-20 times higher than in the general population. Some of the nontraditional risk factors such as oxidative stress and inflammation are related to the progress of CVD in HD patients. Several, but not all studies, reported that inflammatory and oxidative stress markers are increased during a single session of HD, mimicking changes that occur during acute immune activation. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0886022X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0886022X.2018.1487857DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171457PMC
November 2018
4 Reads
0.780 Impact Factor

[Interferon gamma release assay tests for the diagnosis of latent and active tuberculosis in hemodialysis patients or solid organ transplant recipients].

Authors:
B Henry A Bourgarit

Rev Mal Respir 2018 Oct 27;35(8):890-893. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Université Paris 13, SmBH, HUPSSD, service de médecine interne, hôpital Jean-Verdier, AP-HP, 93140 Bondy, France; Inserm UMR 1149 CRI, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmr.2018.08.015DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Long-term clinical spectrum and circulating RAS evaluation of anephric patients undergoing hemodialysis: A report of four cases and literature review.

J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst 2018 Jul-Sep;19(3):1470320318799904

Department of Nephrology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, PR China.

Introduction: Bilateral nephrectomy leads to a short-term reduction in blood pressure. This is mainly due to a sharp change in the circulating renin-angiotensin system (RAS), but data on the long-term outcomes of their clinical status and further changes in circulating RAS are rare.

Materials And Methods: We enrolled four Chinese patients who had both of their kidneys removed two (1), six (1) and eight (2) years prior to this study, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1470320318799904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6166312PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Serum Glutaredoxin Activity as a Marker of Oxidative Stress in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Pilot Study.

Nephron 2018 25;140(4):249-256. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Medicine, Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm,

Background: Inflammation and oxidative stress play important roles in the pathogenesis and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in its complications, in particular cardiovascular disease, a major cause of death among patients undergoing dialysis treatment. We recently described that Glutaredoxin1 (Grx), an intracellular antioxidant, catalyzes oxidoreductase reactions also extracellularly, and that serum Grx levels correlate to disease severity in type 2 diabetes.

Aim: In the current study we assess Grx as a potential clinical marker of oxidative stress in CKD. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492500
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492500DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Effect of Ascorbic Acid on Mineral and Bone Disorders in Hemodialysis Patients: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Kidney Blood Press Res 2018 24;43(5):1459-1471. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Nephrology, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Background/aims: Hemodialysis (HD) patients often have inadequate nutrition, especially with respect to ascorbic acid (AA). It is reported that every HD session may cause a 50%- 75% decrease in plasma AA levels. Some studies have shown that supplementation of AA can change the outcome of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorders (CKD-MBD), but the effect of AA on HD patients with CKD-MBD remains controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493661DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Rational hypoglycemic therapy - nephro-diabetologic view].

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2018 08;45(266):81-88

Zakład Farmakologii Klinicznej, I Katedra Chorób Wewnętrznych Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Łodzi, Oddział Nefrologii, Uniwersytecki Szpital Kliniczny nr 1 im. N. Barlickiego w Łodzi.

Diabetes is a heterogenous group of diseases with chronic hyperglycemia, which is associated with the risk of many complications, including diabetic kidney disease. Micro- and macroangiopathy in hyperglycemic environment leads to organ failure, including end-stage renal disease, requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation. However, diabetes is not the only cause leading to kidney dysfunction in this patient population. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

[Nutritional diet therapy in the management of the patient with Chronic Kidney Disease in advanced phase to delay the beginning and reduce the frequency of dialysis. An option also in the pre-emptive transplant program].

G Ital Nefrol 2018 Sep;35(5)

Dipartimento dell'Emergenza e dei Trapianti di Organi D.E.T.O. Sezione di Nefrologia, Dialisi e Trapianti, Università di Bari, Italia.

The Italian nephrology has a long tradition and experience in the field of dietetic-nutritional therapy (DNT), which is an important component in the conservative management of the patient suffering from a chronic kidney disease, which precedes and integrates the pharmacological therapies. The objectives of DNT include the maintenance of an optimal nutritional status, the prevention and / or correction of signs, symptoms and complications of chronic renal failure and, possibly, the delay in starting of dialysis. The DNT includes modulation of protein intake, adequacy of caloric intake, control of sodium and potassium intake, and reduction of phosphorus intake. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Fluctuation of pre-hemodialysis serum sodium
.

Clin Nephrol 2018 Dec;90(6):396-403

Introduction: Low pre-hemodialysis (pre-HD) serum sodium or hyponatremia is associated with higher mortality. Pre-HD serum sodium can be more stable over time with low fluctuation compared to other serum parameters.

Materials And Methods: We examined variation of pre-HD serum sodium in 24 months and after this point examined all-cause mortality in a cohort of 261 patients followed-up for 48. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/CN109355DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Rare case of meningococcal sepsis-induced testicular failure, primary hypothyroidism and hypoadrenalism: Is there a link?

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 15;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Townsville Hospital, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Severe illness can lead to multiple transient endocrinopathies. In adult patients, neuroendocrine alterations include sick euthyroid syndrome, an increase in corticosteroid levels, increase in prolactin levels, decreased insulin growth factor 1 levels and hypogonadism. We report the case of a 24-year-old man with meningococcal sepsis with multiple end-organ complications who developed persistent non-autoimmune hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency and primary hypogonadism all requiring hormone replacement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224437DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Peritoneal dialysis catheter outcomes in infants initiating peritoneal dialysis for end-stage renal disease.

BMC Nephrol 2018 Sep 14;19(1):231. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Renal Section, Department of Pediatrics, Texas Children's Hospital/Baylor College of Medicine, 1102 Bates Avenue, Suite 245, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Background: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) although rare among infants presents many management challenges. We sought to evaluate factors associated with PD catheter failure among infants initiated on chronic PD.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of all children under two years of age who had PD catheters placed for initiation of chronic PD from 2002 to 2015. Read More

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https://bmcnephrol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12882
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-018-1015-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137733PMC
September 2018
12 Reads