Br J Anaesth 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.
Department of Anesthesia, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA; Anesthesiology Services, Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
Background: Whilst intraoperative hypotension is associated with postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI), the link between intraoperative hypotension and acute kidney disease (AKD), defined as continuing renal dysfunction for up to 3 months after exposure, has not yet been studied.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective multicentre cohort study using data from noncardiac, non-obstetric surgery extracted from a US electronic health records database. Primary outcome was the association between intraoperative hypotension, at three MAP thresholds (≤75, ≤65, and ≤55 mm Hg), and the following two AKD subtypes: (i) persistent (initial AKI incidence within 7 days of surgery, with continuation between 8 and 90 days post-surgery) and (ii) delayed (renal impairment without AKI within 7 days, with AKI occurring between 8 and 90 days post-surgery). Read More